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Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-112
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... The Trade Union Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers ( fstmb ) held an emergency congress in the mining district of Siglo XX from 20 to 22 October 1986. Two months earlier, the government had forcibly shut down a major protest march responding to the mining crisis and the massive layoffs of...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-083
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Mineworkers ( fstmb ) was founded in 1944, and in November 1946, conscious of the workers’ pivotal role in national production, it issued the radical document that became known as the Thesis of Pulacayo, which was delivered at the site during the union’s First Special Congress. Its demands transcended the...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-066
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... by General Gualberto Villarroel. In 1944, under the Villarroel government, the miners formed their first national labor organization, the Trade Union Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers ( fstmb ). Its identity would be forever marked by the memory of the martyrs of Catavi. ...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-106
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers ( fstmb ) held its nineteenth congress in the storied mining center of Huanuni. The following extract from its offcial political document, “The Return to Democracy,” is a typical trade-union document insofar as it lays out a critical set of issues of interest to workers—a...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-110
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... peasants who had migrated to the cities, swelling the unemployed or underemployed urban population living on the edge of subsistence, contributed to the powerful popular protests against the neoliberal model. The Trade Union Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers ( fstmb ) held an emergency congress in...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-073
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
.... After 1927, the tin magnate Mauricio Hochschild held possession of the valuable mine. Given the economic importance of Pulacayo, it is no coincidence that the site would become a leading center for the organization of mineworkers. The Trade Union Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers ( fstmb ) was founded...
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390121-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9012-1
.... President Paz Estenssoro and the fstmb head, Juan Lechín, signed the historic document on 31 October 1952 in the María Barzola mining 278 a CONCLUSION AND EPILOGUE camp in the Catavi-Siglo XX compound, which was owned by Simón Patiño and formed the bedrock of Bolivia’s militant mineworker move- ment...
Published: 18 May 2005
DOI: 10.1215/9780822386612-020
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8661-2
...: ethnic composition, Neocolonialism, mixed-race, organization, New Granada, autonomy of Mineworkers union (FSTMB), eighteenth-century population, index eighteenth-century settlement, Party...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-060
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... first national labor organization, the Trade Union Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers ( fstmb ). Its identity would be forever marked by the memory of the martyrs of Catavi. The metaphor and reality of death were central to Sergio Almaraz Paz’s eloquent political essay Requiem for a Republic...
Published: 14 December 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822388760-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8876-0
... unions Trade Unionism in Bolivia In a paper given at the 2003 Bolivian Studies Congress, Juan Claudio Lechín (2003: 14) argued that the Miners Federa- tion (fstmb) and the Central Obrera Boliviana (cob; Bolivian Workers Center) are ‘‘states in miniature or ‘‘an alternative state with people...
Published: 18 May 2005
DOI: 10.1215/9780822386612-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8661-2
... ‘‘converted into communities Many of the accused linked the ‘‘law’’ they repeatedly invoked with not only political movements and parties but also a government presumed to be in power. Most referenced the MNR, its leader Víctor Paz Estenssoro, or the head of the mineworkers union (FSTMB), Juan Lechín...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-091
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... period, the Trade Union Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers ( fstmb ) held its nineteenth congress in the storied mining center of Huanuni. The following extract from its offcial political document, “The Return to Democracy,” is a typical trade-union document insofar as it lays out a critical set of...
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390121-009
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9012-1
... and the fstmb (Federation of Bolivian Mineworker Unions), which were blamed for political agitation in the mines and the countryside. His government did not simply suppress political activism, however. An unlikely confluence of circumstances even led the president to include members of Bolivia’s...
Published: 11 August 2010
DOI: 10.1215/9780822391807-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9180-7
..., reorganize, and continue to press their demands for better wages and improved working conditions While the mnr influenced and strongly encouraged the forma- tion of the national miners’ confederation, the Federación Sindical de Trabajadores Mineros de Bolivia (fstmb), in 1943, the union in 1946...
Book Chapter

By Sian Lazar
Published: 14 December 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822388760-015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8876-0
... trade union involvement in, 201–3 Miners Federation (fstmb), 47, 182, multitude, strength in Bolivia of, 251– 248–49, 252, 269n.9 57 minibuses, in Ceja market, 40–42 municipal taxation dispute, 233 misa/mesa rituals, 151–55 music: in Ceja market, 40–41; in Evan...
Book Chapter

By Laura Gotkowitz
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390121-013
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9012-1
... Federación Obrera Sindical (fos), 199, Guevara Arze, Wálter, 174, 323n.76, 322n.65 325n.124, 345n.100; Ayopaya uprising Federación Sindical de Trabajadores of 1947 and, 242, 348n.40; constitu- Mineros Bolivianos (fstmb; Federa- tional convention of 1938 and, 116– tion of...
Book Chapter

By Paulo Drinot
Published: 11 August 2010
DOI: 10.1215/9780822391807-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9180-7
... Nacional (Colombia), 131– 6, 150; in Chile, 58–59, 70, 74, 32, 134–35, 138 77–78; in Colombia, 140 n. 2; in Freyre, Rafael, 253, 254 Peru, 88, 100–102, 107, 114, 123 Frondizi, Arturo, 44 n. 77; political views of, 35, 37– fstmb (Federación Sindical de 38, 164; in...
Published: 01 January 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390121-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9012-1
..., fstmb), in June 1944.≥ Like other Latin Ameri- can populists, Villarroel and the mnr also courted urban labor. Since most labor unions had already joined the pir-controlled cstb, which opposed the new government, the Villarroel regime tried to create a parallel labor federation.∂ Much like...
Book Chapter

By Sian Lazar
Published: 14 December 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822388760-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8876-0
Published: 18 May 2005
DOI: 10.1215/9780822386612-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8661-2