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dual use science

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Book Chapter

By David H. Price
Published: 01 April 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7438-1
... The concept of dual use science is introduced as instances in which unintended, negative applications of scientific research are realized and used; often these are relationships in which academic theoretical developments are transformed into commercial products or military applications. The...
Published: 01 April 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7438-1
..., which prohibited secret research, oriented anthropological research toward the interests of research subjects, and required new levels of disclosure. The final chapter evaluates the impacts of the dual use relationships, connecting anthropological research with Cold War military and intelligence...
Published: 01 April 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822374381-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7438-1
... Details of a CIA funding front known as the Human Ecology Fund are examined. The Human Ecology Fund was overseen by Cornell University Medical School neurologist Harold Wolff, MD. The fund secretly received CIA funds and financed a broad range of social and behavioral science research undertaken...
Book Chapter

By Libby Schweber
Published: 07 November 2006
DOI: 10.1215/9780822388524-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8852-4
... variety of political contexts. Whereas many studies of science and politics examine how science was used to promote specific interests,∑ this book focuses on the opportunities and constraints which scientific and political 2 Introduction institutions posed for the development of scientific...
Book Chapter

By Libby Schweber
Published: 07 November 2006
DOI: 10.1215/9780822388524-016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8852-4
... and the Air-Pump, and the contributions to Barnes and Shapin, Natural Order. 6 The association of statistics and survey work is largely a product of postwar developments. Before the Second World War, social survey research was used to generate a number of types of...
Published: 01 January 1995
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377610-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7761-0
... useful terms, merges seamlessly with the internal one. The conversion that is abrupt in the deviance of the poem is so gradual and gentle in realist fiction as to be virtually imperceptible. The interaction of the external and the internal fields of reference inaugurates "a dual system...
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377849-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7784-9
... Verfassungslehre was published. The Critique of Liberalism Delivered originally as a lecture at the Hochschule fur Politik in Berlin (May I927), Der Begriff des Politischen was written in the context of Weimar's dual crises: in the international arena as a consequence of defeat in World War I and the...
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377825-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7782-5
... CHAPTER 3 Ukraine: Civic or Ethnic Mobilization? Introduction While the anti-nuclear cause was used by Lithuanian intellectual elites as a tool to mobilize society in support of independence...
Published: 21 August 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375548-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7554-8
... about “undoubted hardships for Africans.” But he went on to say, “We do not doubt this. But if it is a method that shortens the day of bloodshed, the suffering to us will be a price we are willing to pay.”1 By the time I joined Cummins in 1970, the debate about disinvestment was heating up, and...
Book Chapter

By Laikwan Pang
Published: 11 January 2012
DOI: 10.1215/9780822394587-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9458-7
... its business in China, which, however, is reportedly not faring well. As IdeO’s chairman David Kelley says, “There will be one day when the China market becomes ready for us.”3 Obvi- ously there is something incongruent between the practices of this allegedly “most innovative” global firm and...
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377849-006
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7784-9
... time ensure the integrity of the state and reflect the common good. This third alternative brings us back to liberal parliamentarism. It is here that Schmitt's criticism of parliament in a context of pluralism is significant. Schmitt's main argument is premised on his assumption that what...
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377641-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7764-1
..., but instead work more as a manual, providing lessons in manhood and sales methodology (synonymous here). Chapters entitled "The Leader," "The Outdoor Man," and "The Sociable Man" use highlights from the New Testament to depict Jesus as a vital, hearty "executive" of the spirit and leader of...
Published: 01 January 1995
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377610-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7761-0
... most obvious referential force is the use of histori• cal place names: 'London,' 'Brighton,' 'Paris,' 'Rome.' "3 Similarly, Henri Mit• terand sees the name of the place functioning as an absolute guarantee of au• thenticity: C'est Ie lieu qui fonde Ie recit, parce que 1'evenement a besoin d'un...
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377849-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7784-9
..., or those who wish to revive his thought on the Right, have used his exchange with Strauss to a quite different effect. Drawing on the prestige of Strauss in America, and his international reputation as a Jewish thinker, it is possible to display Strauss's clear sympathy with elements of...
Published: 01 January 1995
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377610-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7761-0
... cue from the sciences to foster the ascendancy of determinism, the biologically inspired perception of human life as conditioned by certain internal and external factors. The two fundamental forces, designated today by the blanket terms, "nature" and "nurture," were identified as heredity and...
Published: 01 January 2013
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377566-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7756-6
... that “the word yŏnae had begun to be used only recently,” entering popular vocabulary seven or eight years before as the shortened form of the expression chayuyŏnae (free love).1 Based on Kim’s recollections, we can thus surmise that yŏnae became part of the common parlance in Korea at the end...
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377849-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7784-9
... pejoratively deems technical and mechanical. The question I want to pose and answer is, Why does Schmitt in the span of a year change his orientation in one 218 Legal Theory and Politics work where a temporary dictatorship is presented as an appropriate use of functional rationality, and where a...
Published: 01 January 1998
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7784-9
... ideology. It fights, first and foremost, all kinds of oppression and discrimination, whether in the domestic realm or in foreign affairs. Rather than being an expression of evasiveness, the principle of neutrality can be used as a critical standard within that liberal fight for political justice...
Published: 01 January 2013
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377566-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7756-6
... “dual consciousness,” with its impli- cations of hybridity, malleability, and, ironically, strong individual agency. This type of absolutist nationalism, embraced by so many Koreans, negates their ability to negotiate whatever resources are available for them that they could use to construct...
Published: 01 January 1995
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377610-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7761-0
... within the frame. Its dual function of contain• ment and bridging. reiterates the central paradoxicality of realist fiction in its twin thrust toward truth and artifice. In this respect the frame plays an ambiva• lent role, as Derrida has pointed out: "It is therefore necessary to know how to...