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Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-139
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... paramilitary lines. Its members see themselves as being engaged in a perpetual struggle both for Camba culture and against efforts by the central government in La Paz to exert control over the region’s political, economic, and cultural interests. The Youth Union trains its members in marching, close-unit...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-125
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... In early 2001, civic leaders and separatists in Santa Cruz published a “memorandum” that established the Autonomous Movement of the Camba Nation, announcing the movement’s strategic objectives and its grievances against the Bolivian state. Its rhetoric and demands harkened back to the memorandum...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-138
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... introduced racism into the process of political and social transition, since it marginalized Camba culture and threatened to suppress it in the national dialogue over a new constitution. Yet, as the following photographs reveal, the opposition to the Morales government was quick to combine resistance to the...
Published: 18 September 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012528-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1252-8
... of the word camba. The word camba in much of southeastern Bolivia was once a derogatory term used for Indigenous peasants. In the 1930s, regionalists pre- ferred a more explic itly white supremacist identity as cruceño, to distinguish themselves from both the Andean kolla and the lowland camba...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-043
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
.... The alternative proposal was a connection with the Atlantic, through the River Plate and Amazon River basins, which would unite the eastern and western parts of the country. This foundational text later resurfaced as a reference for lowland groups seeking regional autonomy, especially the Camba Nation...
Published: 22 November 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007234-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0723-4
Book Chapter

By Bret Gustafson
Published: 18 September 2020
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1252-8
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-120
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... political organization on the altiplano and articulates his radical indianista vision, which challenged the political status quo in the country. In early 2001, civic leaders and separatists in Santa Cruz published a “memorandum” that established the Autonomous Movement of the Camba Nation...
Book Chapter

By Mark Goodale
Published: 22 November 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007234-011
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0723-4
... de Industria, Comercio, Servicios y Turismo de Santa Cruz (cainco), 119, 124 Camba nationalism, 119 21, 130, 131, 232, 256n17 Canessa, Andrew, 223, 263n18 cao (Cámara Agropecuaria del Oriente), 98, 118 19, 124, 125, 133 capitalism, 17, 152, 243 Carrasco Condarco, Mary, 193 Carry Albornos, Alfredo...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-136
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... political and social transition, since it marginalized Camba culture and threatened to suppress it in the national dialogue over a new constitution. Yet, as the following photographs reveal, the opposition to the Morales government was quick to combine resistance to the shifts in political and economic...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-037
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... connection with the Atlantic, through the River Plate and Amazon River basins, which would unite the eastern and western parts of the country. This foundational text later resurfaced as a reference for lowland groups seeking regional autonomy, especially the Camba Nation movement from Santa Cruz in 2001 (see...
Book Chapter

By Bret Gustafson
Published: 18 September 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012528-015
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1252-8
... American Studies 39 (1): 133 66. Economist (London). 2004. Two Countries in One. 371 (8378): 46. 276 references El Deber (Santa Cruz). 2003a. Cambas vs. collas, un áspero debate en las provin- cias. October 20. El Deber (Santa Cruz). 2003b. Interés político en trifulca en la plaza. October 20. El...
Book Chapter

By Bret Gustafson
Published: 18 September 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012528-016
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1252-8
..., 79 83, 93, 217 21, 227 28, 238. See also sex- trafficking; sex work Burgos, Elisabeth, 75 Bush, George, 121 Bush, George W., 157 58, 192, 242 Bustos, Ciro, 73, 77 index 295 Caballero, Luís, 189 90 the caf (Andean Development Bank), 116 California, 107, 120 the Camba Nation, 140 45, 149 Camiri, 28 32...
Book Chapter

By Mark Goodale
Published: 22 November 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007234-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0723-4
... early anthropological study of practices of Camba national- ism that examines the performative dimensions of vio lence, paramilitarism, and spectacle, see Fabricant (2009). See also Gustafson s analy sis (2006) of spectacles of autonomy and crisis, which also makes insightful linkages with forms of...
Book Chapter

By Mark Goodale
Published: 22 November 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007234-010
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0723-4
.... Los Cambas: Nación sin estado. Santa Cruz: Instituto de Ciencia, Economía, Educación y Salud (icees). Anthias, Penelope. 2018. Limits to Decolonization: Indigeneity, Territory, and Hydro- carbon Politics in the Bolivian Chaco. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Ardaya Paz, Hernán. 1981. Ñanderoga...
Published: 22 November 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007234-003
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0723-4
... hectares for owner ship, and option B, which set a limit of 5,000 hectares (in the referendum, option B re- ceived over 80 percent of the votes). In promoting the importance of Article 398, Evo Morales explained: Let s say that we have a camba, comrade Isaac . . . who has 100,000 hect- ares . . . and lives...
Published: 18 September 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012528-005
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1252-8
... war, oil entered the narrative of Bolivian nation making by way of the settler- explorer, those deemed by con temporary writers as the pioneers of the miraculous discovery (Royuela Comboni 1996, 36). In these accounts, the Guarani guides and laborers are labeled cambas, a term used much like indio...
Published: 22 November 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007234-007
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0723-4
Book Chapter

By Bret Gustafson
Published: 18 September 2020
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1252-8