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bracero

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Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-011
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... PART II. THE HOMOEROTICS OF ABJECTION The Gaze and Leonard Nadel s Salinas Valley Bracero Photog­ raphs The bracero program recruited more than 4.5 million temporary Mexican male laborers to work in the agriculture industry in the US from 1942 to 1964. This program represented one...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-012
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... Chapter 9 MAKING BRACEROS OUT OF PLACE AND OUTSIDE OF TIME The Nadel photo­graphs cannot be accurately understood without recalling that they w­ ere snapped at a key moment in the history of US-­Mexico rela- tions. At the peak of the bracero program t­he 1950s t­he Mexican press publicly...
Series: American Encounters/Global Interactions
Published: 02 April 2014
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376835-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7683-5
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-283
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... Part II CONCLUSION Instead of reinstantiating a narrative of braceros as solely victims of ­labor exploitation, or attempting to reinforce their position in the historical rec­ ord as good ­fathers, husbands, and b­ rothers, or suggesting that Nadel held all of the power with his camera, part II...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-016
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... Chapter 13 WANTING TO BE LOOKED AT I want to return to Salinas community leader A. A. Tavernetti s claim in chapter 12 about merchants and industry [that] might have overlooked the money workers spend in Salinas. 1 Bracero spending is one of the major areas of inquiry that is neglected...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-001
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... the bracero program (between 1942 and 1964 Mexico exported agricultural laborers to the US in a bilateral agreement). Mig­ rant Mexican men s intimacies ­were made flexible by migration, but the receiving society continued to express anxiety about them, particularly in northern California. The year 1956...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-014
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... Chapter 11 HIP FORWARD INTO DOMESTIC ­LABOR AND OTHER INTIMACIES The delight of the hip-­forward pose (see chapter 10) offers a counterintuitive alternative to traditional visual productions of bracero national subjects and nationalisms. Fundamental to reading ­these photos is what critic Gayatri...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-015
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... of bracero health or b­ ecause of the idea that poor public health conditions might have been brought into the city core of Salinas. We can discern three t­ hings from t­ hese health citations. First, public health officials for the state office of agriculture, for which ­there was one em- ployee d­ oing...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-018
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... think was how the relation- ships w­ ere brokered with t­hose whom Nadel photographed. My immediate familiarity with ­these images of the Salinas Valley was also uncanny. As a person who was raised in the region, I can assure the reader that commu- nity members know very ­little about the bracero...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-021
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... visuality Aniceto Gutiérrez, Carlos, 2 3 affect: anarchist love and, 84, 93; archives and, Araujo, Antonio de P., 49, 64, 70 71, 79 Arceneaux, Grace, 215 16, 221, 240 45, 247, 35 36; bodily harm and, 113 15; bracero 269 program and, 197 213; deportation and, archives, 9 12, 34, 181, 287 88 164 65; emotional...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-017
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... Chapter 14 PASSIONATE VIO­LENCE AND THEFTS Grooming and consumption formed an integral part of Nadel s documenta- tion of bracero lives, but we cannot avoid talking about what t­ hose passionate attachments and autoerotics also produced in terms of vio­lence and theft. Two laborers J­esse N. Leyva...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-013
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... of social or state embarrassment but rather as national ambassadors and ­future model citizens. 3 As the thematic unity centers around productive ­labor for a surplus profit, the bracero is depicted as a rugged, hardworking individual. But the photos also sim­ ult­an­ eously produce a national subject...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-019
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... Harvest appeared in forty-­six cities ­after its 2009 premiere at the National Museum of American History. It included fifteen freestanding banners with text and images, an audio station, and approximately forty bracero photo­graphs. 10 In his unpublished manuscript, Sergio Chávez s interviews...
Published: 17 May 2021
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... import­ant moment. My work on the bracero program was inspired by the fact that I grew up in the heart of the program s legacy and was taught nothing about it, sim­ ul­ ta­neously elucidating my privilege as a second-­generation Mexican Italian and the vast historical amnesia that took place...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-020
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... (1956). Cohen, Deborah. Braceros: Mig­ rant Citizens and Transnational Subjects in the Postwar United States and Mexico. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. Cowan, Benjamin. How Machismo Got Its Spurs ­in En­glish: Social Science, Cold War Imperialism, and the Ethnicization...
Series: Writing Matters!
Published: 28 June 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021483-001
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2148-3
... enactment until 1947. For the grow- ers the bracero program proved to be a bonanza. Braceros were limited exclusively to agricultural work. . . . When the agreement ended December 31, 1947, the program was continued informally and was unregulated until 1951. In that year, under the guise of another war...
Book Chapter

By Catherine Besteman
Series: Global Insecurities
Published: 01 January 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478013006-005
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1300-6
... a million people during the Great Depression, the Bracero program was designed to meet new short- term labor needs while still ensuring deportability. The program brought in almost 5 million Mexi- cans from 1942 to 1964 on visas controlled by their employers, but concerns about the large number...
Published: 16 October 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012641-027
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1264-1
... of braceros (contracted laborers from Mexico who worked in US agriculture and on railroads from 1942 to 1964), farmworkers, and immigrant workers as illegal into the pre sent; and the con temporary militarization of the physical border and criminalization of immigrants. Contextualizing Racial/Ethnic...
Published: 17 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021469-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2146-9
... both physical and emotional forms of attachment through the visual Emotional Labor 151 field. Enrique, like Ana Rosas s female in­for­mants during the bracero pro- gram who stayed ­behind in Mexico, used studio portraiture as a mechanism to cultivate emotional investment, where love became a resource...
Book Chapter

By Nandita Sharma
Published: 14 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002451-012
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0245-1
..., 217, 221, 226; racialized, 88; remote control of, 92, 96. See also passports Bossi, Umberto, 238 bourgeoisie, national, 18, 30, 139 40, 152 55 Bracero Program (United States), 200 Braithwaite, Rodric, 146 Brazil, Empire of, 83 Brecht, Bertold, 104 5 Breivik, Anders Behring, 240 Bretton Woods...