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biomedical research

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Series: Science and Cultural Theory
Published: 13 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390244-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9024-4
Book Chapter

By Sharon R. Kaufman
Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
Published: 04 May 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7550-0
... biomedical research randomized controlled trial therapeutics Big Pharma ...
Book Chapter

By Ralph Snyderman
Published: 14 October 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7393-3
... Appointment Promotion and Tenure process Biomedical research Interdisciplinary research programs Long Range Plan Office of Science and Technology ...
Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
Published: 04 May 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375500-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7550-0
... This chapter examines two components of biomedical research from which therapies emerge: the phenomenon of evidence-based medicine and the business of clinical trials. These are the apparatuses of truth making in medicine. They define what counts as “good” medicine. Through them, research...
Book Chapter

By Ralph Snyderman
Published: 14 October 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7393-3
... Genentech Inc. Biomedical Research Education Clinical Care Duke University Medical Center Organization ...
Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
Published: 19 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376279-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... Commercial sex work is regulated in Dakar, and those women who are registered with the state must attend regular health checks at the state clinic. This chapter examines the history of policing, data gathering, and care practiced at the clinic and the integration of biomedical research into its...
Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
Published: 19 January 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... of biomedical research into its functioning. I consider some of the changes that have taken place at the clinic, as state sanitary regulation is influenced by and practiced through biomedical research. I discuss the strategic leveraging of resources for research that helped to build capacity and to begin...
Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
Published: 04 May 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7550-0
...The Chain of Health Care Drivers This chapter examines two components of biomedical research from which therapies emerge: the phenomenon of evidence-based medicine and the business of clinical trials. These are the apparatuses of truth making in medicine. They define what counts as “good...
Published: 14 October 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373933-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7393-3
... aware that the medical center as a whole lacked a central operational system strong enough to create excellence and ensure future solvency. This required strengthening the management functions of the Chancellor’s office. Appointment Promotion and Tenure process Biomedical research...
Book Chapter

By Ralph Snyderman
Published: 14 October 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7393-3
... was needed and this in turn created tumult and resistance among some constituencies reluctant to part with traditional ways. Genentech Inc. Biomedical Research Education Clinical Care Duke University Medical Center Organization Dr. Snyderman describes his view of the operation of the medical...
Published: 14 October 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373933-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7393-3
... imperative. A more centralized management and budgeting system was needed and this in turn created tumult and resistance among some constituencies reluctant to part with traditional ways. Genentech Inc. Biomedical Research Education Clinical Care Duke University Medical Center Organization ...
Published: 17 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373094-006
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
... This chapter draws from ethnographic and cognitive-historical studies of laboratories in the bioengineering sciences to examine how cognition and culture are intimately entwined in research practices. It focuses on the hybrid physical simulation models (“devices”) through which biomedical...
Published: 07 October 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373643-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7364-3
... This chapter explores the theme of how bioethics and other regulatory regimes can reduce uncertainty surrounding the viability of a biomedical initiative. The chapter follows Asian researchers in their own working through of the limits and contradictions in a universalized ethical framework...
Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
Published: 19 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376279-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... Often described as “Africa’s laboratory,” the Gambia, one of the smallest countries in Africa, has offered a site of medical research and public health experimentation for the better part of a century. Drawing from archival and ethnographic materials, this chapter explores the distinct ways...
Book Chapter

By Aihwa Ong
Published: 07 October 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7364-3
...Uncertainties This chapter explores the theme of how bioethics and other regulatory regimes can reduce uncertainty surrounding the viability of a biomedical initiative. The chapter follows Asian researchers in their own working through of the limits and contradictions in a universalized...
Published: 07 October 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373643-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7364-3
... The epilogue returns to the ethical quandaries of a technology that, by seeking a pluripotent fate, may indeed open us up to a multitude of “unknown unknowns.” The author contrasts the two Asian models of biomedical entrepreneurialism. Biopolis deploys the ethnic heuristic to shape a transborder...
Published: 15 April 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375449-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7544-9
... Epigenetics, the study of how experiences, environments, and exposures alter gene expression, is a vibrant new area of postgenomic life sciences research. Epigenetics research situates the maternal body as a central site of epigenetic programming and transmission, and as a significant locus...
Book Chapter

By Aihwa Ong
Published: 07 October 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7364-3
... in Asia. The construction of “an Asian genetic architecture”—differentiated by Chinese, Indian, and Malay biomedical categories—makes Singapore a center of prognosis for genomic science in Asia. The infrastructure deploys the ethnic heuristic in different registers. First, the network of ethnicity becomes...
Book Chapter

By Aihwa Ong
Published: 07 October 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373643-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7364-3
... This chapter introduces the author’s family stories of cancer as a way to present oncology’s recognition of the genetic diversity of this class of diseases. The main focus is on how the Singaporean focus on Asian cancer research generates “contrary affects” of anxiety and optimism. Singapore...
Published: 05 August 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7403-9
...Research Articles This chapter challenges and expands upon how Euro-Americans conceive how a medical system “works.” Exploring the social and political context of medicine in a West African village—how indigenous medicine is embedded within social relations and organized by social groups, how...