1-20 of 312 Search Results for

behavioral psychology

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Published: 06 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007135-060
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0713-5
... defense during the Cold War ensured the government s generous and sustained patronage. The National Institute of Mental Health (nimh) and the National Science Foun- dation (nsf), both impor tant civilian sources of funding for psychological and behavioral research in the postwar years, came into existence...
Published: 04 September 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375296-006
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7529-6
... This chapter critiques the Transportation Security Administration’s program in behavior detection. Based on select Israeli security techniques, which have been modified according to a contested school of behavioral psychology, the program approaches the passenger/suspect as a discrete individual...
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.1215/9780822396697-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9669-7
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.1215/9780822396697-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9669-7
Published: 10 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009153-003
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0915-3
... the defining age difference between minors up to clinical judg- ment The revised Dsm- iii- r (1987) included three diagnostic categories that separated out psychological from behavioral criteria: A. Over a period of at least six months, recurrent intense sexual urges and sexually arousing fantasies...
Published: 10 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009153-002
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0915-3
... on sexuality as a domain of psychological abnormality and moral criminality within Europe. In so doing, Krafft- Ebing joins the ranks of European psychiatrists and legal professionals debating how to respond to unwanted sexual behavior within an allegedly homogeneous metropole, rather than in...
Published: 16 June 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012016-003
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1201-6
... long- term effects of perpetrators actions and behavior patterns with relevance to Israelis and Palestinians are less well known. There is, however, a sizable literature on the psychological impacts of Nazi perpe- trators on their descendants.16 Scholars have examined the difficulty and im- portance...
Published: 28 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007166-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0716-6
..., originating from a co- lonial economy forcing Africans to migrate to cities as cheap labor, explain the ritual behavior from which we can learn about the Masowe Apostolic way of turning the margins of the city into a vibrant landscape to which the Wilderness Apostles have gone to pray since the origins of the...
Published: 06 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007135-057
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0713-5
... National Institute of Mental Health (nimh) and the National Science Foun- dation (nsf), both impor tant civilian sources of funding for psychological and behavioral research in the postwar years, came into existence on the heels of World War II (Parsons 1986). The nimh was established in 1946 as one com...
Published: 10 January 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007067-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0706-7
... and sanitise society of what a previous Nigerian president, Olusegun Obasanjo (1999 2007), had labeled sexual behavior that was unnatural and un- African. 7 The Nigerian law punished same- sex marriages with prison sentences of up to fourteen years, and criminalized shows of same- sex public...
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377849-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7784-9
... part of a psychological crowd is no longer conscious of his acts. In his case . . . certain faculties are destroyed, others may be brought to a high degree of exultation./I Among Le Bon's examples of such behavior are the Crusades, juries, parliamentary assemblies, and men of the...
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377641-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7764-1
... of the present study is to locate and articulate some of the psychological work performed on and off the job, often covertly and under some duress, by subjects seeking social intelligibility in the context of commodity culture. Advertisers contributed consciously to popular discourse...
Published: 10 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009153-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0915-3
... pedophile in an otherwise normal lineup. But the predictive capacities of information are, as I have argued, astoundingly limited. They promise to make signs such as smiling or being friendly into behavioral clues and psychological symptoms, without clarifying how, precisely, cultural sign becomes...
Published: 24 July 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012214-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1221-4
..., medical jour- nals, and practice, they defined total cancer pain a condition that was simultaneously social, spiritual, psychological, and physical. Here, tracking cancer pain as a subject of research and intervention, I come to understand the pathways through which these specialists translated social...
Published: 25 February 1988
DOI: 10.1215/9780822381501-018
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8150-1
... the outset, they were psychologically vulnerable to the ideological and intellectual currents prevalent in their countries of residence. In the early sixties the Palestinian conlInunity in tIle Gaza Strip was per• meated by Egyptian political orientations of either the Nasserist or Muslim...
Published: 22 May 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009290-001
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0929-0
... influence of position upon dispo- sition, of phiz upon mood? Soon we will consider some more recent studies, from behavioral psychology and cognitive science, that tackle this question. For now, we might look to ordinary experience for a hypothesis: the cooling, calming effect could be a function of the...
Published: 08 January 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012573-013
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1257-3
... tools that conceal and obscure, 107, 110 11; the use of geography as a trait, 104, 108; the use of physical and behavioral traits in, 109 11, 115 anticolonial thought: as a tool for liberat- ing black lives, 4, 5, 44, 45, 50, 61 63, 121, 150, 175; the necessarily question- ing nature of, 45...
Published: 24 July 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012238-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1223-8
... particular form of bourgeois society could be what counts as his existence, rather than how bourgeois society and its institutions reacted to this antagonism or sought to classify his behavior and desire scientifically. This shift is a significant one, with wide- ranging consequences for how the subject of...
Published: 24 August 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012405-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1240-5
... energy use. Many behavior- change approaches use techniques derived from a combination of the physical sciences, psychology, and economics, which assume that indi- viduals are universal rational actors with tendencies and proclivities that determine how they use energy. Such approaches are critiqued for...
Published: 10 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009153-001
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0915-3
... clothing.2 This pedo- phile is a new kind of monster who passes easily among the white men at the center of societal norms and institutional trust. Why did this pedophilic figure loom so large only in the 1980s, when the pedophile has existed as a foren- sic psychological type since 1886? Is this a...