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aymara

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Published: 28 July 2014
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376361-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7636-1
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-057
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... In the midst of the 1899 civil war between Conservatives and Liberals, the latter mobilized Aymara communities across the altiplano to fight against the troops of President Severo Fernández Alonso (1896–99). The following letter, from the indigenous military commander Pablo Zárate Willka...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-095
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Eusebio Tapia Aruni was one of three cousins from the same Aymara peasant community near Viacha who joined the guerrilla organization in Ñancahuazú in January 1967. A migrant worker in La Paz, he had become enthusiastic about the Communist Party in 1963: “I wanted the revolution to triumph so...
Published: 01 January 2012
DOI: 10.1215/9780822394334-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9433-4
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-099
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... their ancestral “indigenous” identity for the class status of “peasants.” Yet despite the overhaul of the land-tenure regime, by the 1960s, the illusions of progress began to dissipate. Above all on the Aymara altiplano, different organizations began to pursue a more autonomous course, and they adopted...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-122
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
...,” that is, a religious orientation centered on the marginalized and exploited. Second, in a number of Latin American countries, new indigenous movements began gaining ground. Bolivia was one of the earliest such cases, with its predominantly Aymara indianista and katarista currents. Since the 1990s...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-127
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... The life of the Aymara hip-hop artist Abraham Bojórquez was cut off tragically in a traffc accident in El Alto in 2009, when he was twenty-six. Born in El Alto, he migrated to Brazil alone when he was twelve and worked in textile workshops and other informal jobs in São Paulo. There he learned...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... For more than a century, Inka territory spread far beyond its home base in Cuzco, reaching north and south along the mountain chain of the Andes. As Pedro Cieza de León’s chronicle attests, the Inka combined military might with symbolic and material enticements to win over the regional Aymara...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-121
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... narrator. At age ten, she was selected as a finalist in the Aymara Literature Contest sponsored by the Casa de las Américas in Havana, Cuba. She went on to study at the National Academy of Fine Arts and became an exceptionally versatile creative artist. She works in multiple media and is well known as a...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-128
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... working women of Aymara descent who dress up in their finery for this urban outing. After an arduous week of labor, Sunday in the park or plaza is a chance to meet a suitor, stroll at leisure with women friends, or picnic with family. ...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-012
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... In the aftermath of the Spanish conquest, the hereditary lords, or mallkus , of the Aymara-speaking Qaraqara-Charka federations appealed to the Spanish Crown to recognize their claims to special benefits and privileges, arguing that they had enjoyed favor under the Inka and that the Spanish...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-013
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Lake Poopó. They are distinguished from Aymara communities by their distinctive Uru Chipaya language as well as by forms of dress and their reliance on riverine and lacustrine resources. For their Aymara neighbors, the Urus are primitive peoples—associated with shadowy, watery realms of the Chullpa...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-108
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Aymara and Quechua peasant struggles during the twentieth century and was written as the militant peasant union movement had burst on the scene as a national political force. The movement’s strength derived in part from a complex historical consciousness that Rivera creatively analyzed in terms of short...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-142
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... “ Living well”— vivir bien or buen vivir in Spanish—is a translation of the Aymara term suma qamaña and the Quechua sumak kawsay, which are now offcially taken up in the constitutions of Bolivia and Ecuador. The language also circulates in other parts of Latin America and even other continents...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
..., their Aymara neighbors see them as beings who are associated with a lack of civilization and a pre-baptismal era. The testimony of the Uru Murato elder and leader Daniel Moricio tells of his ancestors’ encounter with the Spaniards, whom he refers to almost indistinctly from the Aymara and Quechua. The...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-124
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Felipe Quispe Huanca, born in an Aymara community on the banks of Lake Titicaca, started out in Aymara politics in the 1970s as a member of the Tupaj Katari Indian Movement ( mitka ), a radical indianista party that rejected class struggle for anticolonial struggle against non-Indian oppressors...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-077
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... organization meant in the lives of urban working women of popular Aymara background, commonly known as cholas. ...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-126
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... The Festival of Gran Poder (Great Power) involves the participation of more than fifty fraternities representing more than thirty thousand dancers from popular urban groups, middle-class sectors, and wealthy Aymara residents of the city of La Paz. The festival emerged in its current form in the...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-079
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... One of the most innovative popular-education projects in Latin America in the 1930s was the ayllu -school of Warisata, located near Lake Titicaca in the foothills of the eastern cordillera of the Andes. A creole educator with socialist leanings, Elizardo Pérez, teamed up with a respected Aymara...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Aymara federations in Qollasuyu. To local authorities, they offered gifts of gold and finely woven tunics. They gave Inka brides to Aymara lords, thereby sealing through kinship new political alliances. Local religious worship was respected while also absorbing it within the overarching Inka cult of the...