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HIV criminalization

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Published: 03 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373148-014
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7314-8
... Criminal prosecutions for HIV exposure, transmission, and nondisclosure have been steadily increasing worldwide for the past two decades. This chapter provides a brief overview of HIV criminalization and offers an extended critique of the progressive turn in HIV jurisprudence that singles out...
Published: 03 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373148-013
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7314-8
... Since the introduction of effective treatment in 1996, people with HIV are increasingly viewed by the criminal justice and public health systems through the lens of their potential to infect, as viral vectors and inherent dangers to society. Contrary to the initial intent of these statutes, HIV...
Published: 01 May 2009
DOI: 10.1215/9780822392255-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9225-5
... Tocqueville, Memoir on Pauperism, introduced by Gertrude Himmelfarb (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee Publishers, 1997), 37. My translation. 2 The Criminalization of Poverty in the Post...
Published: 03 March 2017
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7314-8
... vulnerable individuals in the carceral arena, specifically LGBT and transgender prisoners. Since the introduction of effective treatment in 1996, people with HIV are increasingly viewed by the criminal justice and public health systems through the lens of their potential to infect, as viral vectors...
Published: 03 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373148-015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7314-8
... Criminal prosecutions for HIV exposure, transmission, and nondisclosure have been steadily increasing worldwide for the past two decades. This chapter provides a brief overview of HIV criminalization and offers an extended critique of the progressive turn in HIV jurisprudence that singles out...
Published: 10 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373056-009
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7305-6
... revealed in the criminalization measures taken to enforce responsibility, particularly among people living with HIV. Social research also identifies conditions that undermine the realization of good citizens postulated by neoliberal discourse. Market discourse unanchors individual responsibility from the...
Published: 09 January 2012
DOI: 10.1215/9780822394877-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9487-7
... have a criminal code that allows it to prosecute a person’s failure to disclose an HIV diagnosis to someone who may be put at risk by it. Ultimately, for all the talk about sending messages to people who are positive, the real message of criminalization laws may be to everyone else...
Published: 19 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376279-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... The notion that mass screening and treatment of HIV could effectively end the epidemic has generated enthusiasm in global health. The strategy of “treatment as prevention” (TasP) is being experimented with in population trials even as it is being adopted by physicians and, increasingly...
Published: 03 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373148-019
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7314-8
Published: 25 March 2010
DOI: 10.1215/9780822391340-015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9134-0
... States for carrying hiv/aids or for being drug addicts. The deported bodies were deemed infected bodies—if not literally contagious, then at least metaphorically they embodied the danger of Western cultural contamination. In other words, they were deemed suspect because of their...
Published: 19 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376279-012
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... In 1999 the promising results of a clinical trial conducted in Uganda to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV were publicly announced. The new antiretroviral nevirapine was cheap, innocuous, easy to prescribe, and remarkably effective, reducing by half the rate of infection of babies...
Published: 19 January 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... The notion that mass screening and treatment of HIV could effectively end the epidemic has generated enthusiasm in global health. The strategy of “treatment as prevention” (TasP) is being experimented with in population trials even as it is being adopted by physicians and, increasingly...
Published: 10 March 2017
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7305-6
... held accountable for their actions. I conclude that contemporary management discourses around responsibility reflect a new politics of accountability, one that both entrenches yet reframes neoliberal power relations. Responsibility for HIV transmission has been subject to a sociopolitical force...
Published: 19 January 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... since 2005 and has, according to company data, reduced ma- laria incidences by 75 percent in the city (Global Fund 2010). This corpo- rate project triggered a major public-­private partnership (ppp) between the Figure 9.1. Sprayer at work. gold-­mining company, the Global Fund for hiv/aids...
Published: 19 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376279-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... This chapter retraces how Cameroon became a hotspot for retrovirology during the 1990s. The international interest for the study of the Cameroonian HIVs channelled new forms and norms of scientific work, in a context of neoliberal reforms and economic collapse. It discusses how virologists...
Published: 01 January 1995
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9607-9
... Millay Collaboratively and collectively, I have been producing AIDS videos for seven years. My closest work partner died four years ago, and many other comrades have "crossed over" since then. Still more of my brilliant, inspirational friends are HIV-positive. So, all of my AIDS work...
Book Chapter

By Vinh-Kim Nguyen
Published: 11 October 2010
DOI: 10.1215/9780822393504-012
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9350-4
... Syndrome. French military intervention in (2003), See AIDS/HIV 170–72; HIV clinical trials on women activism: Abidjan Women against AIDS in, 93–95; HIV testing center in, 76–77; (AWA) and, 80–84, 96; ACT-UP and, 80, household census in (1956), 128; 102, 107; AIDS awareness efforts, 1, 19...
Published: 26 June 2009
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390886-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9088-6
... force also to the context of hiv prevention, which saw increased use around the world of criminal provisions to prosecute individuals for passing on the virus and increased calls for mandatory testing, name reporting, and partner notification. What had previously been viewed, to a greater or lesser...
Published: 19 November 2013
DOI: 10.1215/9780822377450-091
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7745-0
...AIDS and Poverty Thabo Mbeki One of the most immense problems facing postapartheid South Africa is hiv/    aids. In recent years, epidemiologists have identified South Africa as the country with the highest number of infections—­nearly six million—­and one of the highest infection rates...
Published: 26 June 2009
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390886-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9088-6
... substances over the years (though, in this instance, I was as sober as a judge). And it made me think about the circumstances of my hiv infection, the diagnosis of which came as a complete surprise to me in 1996. I had regarded myself as a disciplined subject of safe-sex practice, almost piously so. I...