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French photography

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Published: 18 April 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373629-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7362-9
... By the mid-nineteenth century, landscape had become one of the most popular genres in French painting, from the most official forms to the more innovative versions of the Barbizon school and Impressionism. Although many photographers directed their cameras at “nature,” few of the results...
Published: 07 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004585-007
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
... these changes until a de cade had passed? Censorship, Po liti cal and Other Research by other scholars sugests that French authorities did attempt to regulate photography, along with other media, in French colonial territories in Africa. But did this regulation actually limit African photog raphers par...
Published: 26 June 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007340-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0734-0
... influences (Keïta s and Sidibé s studio photographs).17 Bâ, who grew up speaking French, asserts that he feels he belongs to two cultures both Mali and France. He uses photography to explain each cul- ture to the other, and particularly to show France all of the wonderful as- pects of Mali (and hence Africa...
Published: 26 June 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007340-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0734-0
... African Photography is the most concentrated site of resistance for the as- sertion of Malian culture in the world of art photography. Founded in 1994 by several French and Malian photographers and funded by the French Minis- try of Culture, the biennale is where the forces of art world globalization and...
Published: 07 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004585-002
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
... photography s democ ratization through the lens of Diop s studio, which opened in Sor, a neighborhood of Saint- Louis, in the mid- 1950s. Sor is sometimes referred to by Saint- Louisians, in French, as a quar tier populaire, or working- class neighborhood. The moniker (the translation is less than perfect...
Published: 07 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004585-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
... place à photo (by photo) between west African women living at home and west African men serving in the French military in other colonial territories; in the expression of women s po liti cal activism in fashion and, therefore, in photography. These materials and the questions they raise give us...
Published: 07 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004585-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
..., bearing photo graphs were periodically used by the French colonial administration in Côte d Ivoire in the late nineteenth century, they were mas- sively [emphasis added] used by the postcolonial states. 5 Tanya Elder, in her research on photography in Mali, seconds this observation, pointing out that...
Published: 06 March 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009221-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0922-1
... interest in the emerging medium peaked due to Korn and Belin s demonstrations. That year, renowned French film- maker Georges Méliès made Photographie électrique à distance (released in the United States as Long Distance Wireless Photography and in the United Kingdom as Electrical Photographer) and Lux...
Published: 13 March 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004387-011
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0438-7
..., including the French Vu and the Communist Re- gards.6 Between 1936 and 1939, his photographs of the civil war in Spain cir- culated widely, informing American and European magazine readers about the conflict and earning Capa international fame as a war photographer and documentarian of antifascism in Europe...
Published: 13 March 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004387-010
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0438-7
... among the elite of European nations. The Hlinka Youth and Hitler s Europe During the Second World War, fascist parties across Europe embraced Hit- ler s continental rule as a protective bulwark against communism. In France and Belgium, fascist parties such as Jacques Doriot s French Popular Party (PPF...
Published: 18 April 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373629-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7362-9
... In this essay, Solomon-Godeau examines two exhibitions of Robert Mapplethorpe’s work staged in Paris in 2014. Reflecting on the French press’s critical reception of the exhibitions, she draws attention to the lack of any commentary about race, which is conspicuous, as Mapplethorpe’s nudes are...
Published: 05 May 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822372998-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7299-8
... French philosopher Sarah Kofman examines the role that photography played in Sigmund Freud’s theoretical elaboration of the human psyche. In this excerpt from her book Camera Obscura: Of Ideology , first published in French in 1973, Kofman tracks the ways Freud explicitly and repeatedly used...
Book Chapter

By Jennifer Bajorek
Published: 07 February 2020
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
... (formerly the capital of French Soudan and today the capital of Mali) in the 1940s and 1950s, that these were repre sen ta tions of people who wanted to be free or who were on the way to being free. 1 What did it mean, I wondered, to look like you were free, or wanted to be, in a photo graph? What is the...
Published: 07 February 2020
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
... so doing, my intention is to mark a distinction between this region and the French colonial administra- tive entity, l Afrique Occidentale Française, or the aof, a federation of eight French- controlled territories, including Senegal and Benin (then Dahomey), that existed from 1895 to 1960. When...
Book Chapter

By Jennifer Bajorek
Published: 07 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004585-012
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
..., 240 43; transcolonial visual publics and, 120, 135 43. See also African unity; po liti cal imagination; po liti cal photography Décret Laval, 171, 291n16, 292n22. See also censorship de Gaulle, Charles: referendum on French Community, 250 51 Dembélé, Mountaga, 54, 274n44 DeMesse, Zinsou Félix...
Book Chapter

By Allison Moore
Published: 26 June 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007340-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0734-0
...- troduced to the Sudan by the French military and missionaries as a blatant tool of subjugation, and as an aid to colonization and religious conversion. When Malian studio photographers took up the medium in the 1930s, they instead emphasized the social and performative aspects of photography. The...
Book Chapter

By Jennifer Bajorek
Published: 07 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004585-011
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
.... Moholy- Nagy, Laszlo. Photography. In Classic Essays on Photography, edited by Alan Trachtenberg, 165 166. New Haven, CT: Leete s Island Books, 1980. Monti, Nicolas. Africa Then: Photo graphs 1840 1918. New York: Knopf, 1987. Morgenthau, Ruth Schachter. Po liti cal Parties in French- Speaking West...
Published: 26 June 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007340-005
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0734-0
... tradition of art photography in Bamako until the founding of the biennale, the question of who became art photographers, and to which traditions they look back to or emerged from, is important for considering the movement s presence and concerns today. French phi- losopher Michel Foucault s concept of...
Book Chapter

By Allison Moore
Published: 26 June 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007340-011
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0734-0
... Biennale Africaine de la Photographie (Tenth Biennale). English and French ed. Heidelberg: Kehrer, 2015. Cans, Charlotte. Un havre de culture à Bamako. Jeune Afrique L Intelligent, October 5/11, 2003. Cape Town Month of Photography Festival, 1999. 100xc: Photography in South Af- rica. Cape Town: South...
Book Chapter

By Jennifer Bajorek
Published: 07 February 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478004585-010
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0458-5
... ; Schneider, Por- trait Photography ; and Viditz- Ward, Photography in Sierra Leone. 24 See, in par tic u lar, Hickling, Early Photo graphs of Edmond Fortier ; and David, Hostalier. The French photog raphers Fortier, Bonnevide, and Hostalier were all based in Saint- Louis in the late nineteenth and...