Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.
This content is only available as PDF.
Banbury
Thomas R.
Jamaica Superstitions; or the Obeah Book. A Complete Treatise of the Absurdities Believed in by the People of the Island
.
Kingston
:
DeSouza
,
1894
.
Baptist Missionary Society
.
Freedom in Jamaica; or the First of August 1838
.
London
:
G. Wightman
,
1838
.
Barclay
Alexander.
A Practical View of the Present State of Slavery in the West Indies; . . . Containing More Particularly an Account of the Actual Condition of the Negroes in Jamaica
.
London
:
Smith, Elder
,
1826
.
Beamont
Gustave de
, and
Tocqueville
Alexis de
.
On the Penitentiary System in the United States and Its Application in France
, trans.
Lieber
Francis
.
Carbon-dale
:
Southern Illinois University Press
,
1964
.
Beccaria
Cesare.
On Crimes and Punishments
” [
1764
].
On Crimes and Punishments and Other Writings
, ed.
Bellamy
Richard.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1995
.
Bentham
Jeremy.
Panopticon; or The Inspection House
.
2
vols.
London
:
T. Payne
,
1791
.
Bickell
Rev. R.
The West Indies as They Are; or a Real Picture of Slavery: but More Particularly as It Exists in the Island of Jamaica
.
London
:
J. Hatchard and Son
,
1825
.
Bleby
Henry.
Death Struggles of Slavery: A Narrative of Facts and Incidents, which Occurred in a British Colony, during the Two Years Immediately Preceding Negro Emancipation
.
London
,
1853
.
Candler
John.
Extracts from the Journal of John Candler Whilst Travelling in Jamaica, Part II
.
London
:
Harvey and Dalton
,
1841
.
Carlyle
James Edward.
Thirty-eight Years’ Mission Life in Jamaica: A Brief Sketch of the Rev. Warrand Carlile, Missionary at Brownsville, by One of His Sons
.
London
:
James Nisbet and Company
,
1884
.
Clark
John.
A Brief Account of the Settlements of the Emancipated Peasantry in the Neighbourhood of Brown’s Town, Jamaica. In a Letter to Joseph Sturge
.
Birmingham
,
1852
.
Clarke
John.
Memorials of Baptist Missionaries in Jamaica, Including a Sketch of the Labours of Early Religious Instructors in Jamaica
.
London
:
Yates and Alexander
,
1869
.
Coleridge
Henry Nelson.
Six Months in the West Indies in 1825
.
London
:
William Tegg
,
1826
.
De La Beche
Henry T.
Notes on the Present Condition of the Negroes in Jamaica
.
London
:
T. Cadell
,
1825
.
Howard
John.
The State of the Prisons in England and Wales, with Preliminary Observations, and an Account of Some Foreign Prisons
.
Warrington
:
William Eyres
,
1777
.
Letter from a Merchant at Jamaica to a Member of Parliament in London Touching the African Trade. To which is Added, a Speech Made by a Black of Gardaloupe [sic], at the Funeral of a Fellow-Negro
.
London
:
A. Baldwin
,
1709
.
Lewis
Mathew.
Journal of a West Indian Proprietor, Kept during a Residence in the Island of Jamaica [1834]
, ed.
Terry
Judith
,
Classics
Oxford World’s
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
London Anti-Slavery Society
.
Punishments Inflicted Under the Apprenticeship System; Extracted from the Appendix to a Report Recently Published by the Committee of the London Anti-Slavery Society, on Negro Apprenticeship, in the British Colonies
.
London
,
1838
.
Long
Edward.
The History of Jamaica, or General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island: With Reflections on Its Situations, Settlements, Inhabitants, Climate, Products, Commerce, Laws, and Government [1774]
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1970
.
McDonald
Roderick A.
, ed.
Between Slavery and Freedom: Special Magistrate John Anderson’s Journal of St.Vincent during the Apprenticeship
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
2001
.
Madden
R. R.
A Twelvemonth’s Residence in the West Indies, during the Transition from Slavery to Apprenticeship
.
Philadelphia
:
Carey, Lea, and Blanchard
,
1835
.
Marly; Or, a Planter’s Life in Jamaica
.
Glasgow
:
Richard Griffin
,
1828
.
Middleditch
Rev. T.
The Youthful Female Missionary: A Memoir of Mary Ann Hutchins, Wife of the Rev. John Hutchins, Baptist Missionary, Savanna-La-Mar, Jamaica; and Daughter of the Rev. T. Middleditch of Ipswich, Compiled Chiefly from Her Own Correspondence, by Her Father
.
London
:
G. Wightman
,
1840
.
Roughley
Thomas.
The Jamaica Planter’s Guide; Or, a System for Planting and Managing a Sugar Estate
.
London
:
Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown
,
1823
.
sipd (Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline)
.
Rules Proposed for the Government of Gaols, Houses of Correction and Penitentiaries
.
London
:
T. Bensley
,
1820
.
Sturge
Joseph.
Horrors of the Negro Apprenticeship System in the British Colonies: As Detailed at the Public Breakfast Given by the Citizens of Birmingham, to Mr. Joseph Sturge, on Returning from His Benevolent Mission to the West Indies, June 6, 1837
.
Edinburgh
,
1837
.
Sturge
Joseph.
and
Harvey
Thomas
.
The West Indies in 1837; Being the Journal of a Visit to Antigua, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados, and Jamaica
.
London
:
Hamilton, Adams
,
1838
.
Thome
James A.
, and
Kimball
J. Horace
Emancipation in the West Indies, A Six Months’ Tour in Antigua, Barbadoes, and Jamaica, in the Year 1837
.
New York
:
American Anti-Slavery Society
,
1838
.
Waddell
Hope Masterton.
Twenty-nine Years in the West Indies and Central Africa: A Review of Missionary Work and Adventure, 1829–1858
[
1863
].
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1970
.
Whiteley
Henry.
Three Months in Jamaica in 1832: Comprising a Residence of Seven Weeks on a Sugar Plantation
.
London
:
Hatchard
,
1833
.
Williams
James.
A Narrative of Events, Since the First of August, 1834, by James Williams, an Apprenticed Labourer in Jamaica [1837]
, ed.
Paton
Diana
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Wright
Philip
, ed.
Lady Nugent’s Journal of Her Residence in Jamaica from 1801 to 1805
[
1839
].
Kingston
:
Institute of Jamaica
,
1966
.
Abel
Richard L.
Western Courts in Non-Western Settings: Patterns of Court Use in Colonial and Neo-Colonial Africa
.” In
The Imposition of Law
, ed. by
Burman
Sandra B.
and
Harrell-Bond
Barbara E.
167
200
.
New York
:
Academic Press
,
1979
.
Abel
Richard L.
, ed.
The Politics of Informal Justice
.
New York
:
Academic Press
,
1992
.
Adamson
Alan H.
Sugar Without Slaves: The Political Economy of British Guiana, 1838–1904
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1972
.
Adamson
Christopher R.
Hard Labor and Solitary Confinement: Effects of the Business Cycle and Labor Supply on Prison Discipline in the United States, 1790–1835
.”
Research in Law, Deviance and Social Control
6
(
1984
):
19
56
.
Adamson
Christopher R.
Punishment after Slavery: Southern State Penal Systems, 1865–1890
.”
Social Problems
30
(
1983
):
555
67
.
Adamson
Christopher R.
Towards a Marxian Penology: Captive Criminal Populations as Economic Threats and Resources
.”
Social Problems
31, no.
4
(
1984
):
435
58
.
Aguirre
Carlos.
Disputed Views of Incarceration in Lima, 1890–1930: The Prisoners’ Agenda for Prison Reform
.” In
Crime and Punishment in Latin America: Law and Society Since Late Colonial Times
, ed. by
Sal-vatore
Ricardo D.
,
Aguirre
Carlos
, and
Joseph
Gilbert M.
342
68
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Aguirre
Carlos.
The Lima Penitentiary and the Modernization of Criminal Justice in Nineteenth-Century Peru
.” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Penal Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
44
77
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Alleyne
Mervyn.
Roots of Jamaican Culture
.
London
:
Pluto Press
,
1988
.
Altink
Henrice.
‘An Outrage on All Decency’: Abolitionist Reactions to Flogging Jamaican Slave Women, 1780–1934
.”
Slavery and Abolition
23
, no.
2
(
2002
):
107
22
.
Altink
Henrice.
Slavery by Another Name: Apprenticed Women in Jamaican Work houses in the Period 1834–1838
.”
Social History
26
, no.
1
(
2001
):
40
59
.
Americas Watch
.
Prison Conditions in Jamaica, May 1990: An Americas Watch Report
.
New York
:
Americas Watch
,
1990
.
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Braeton Inquest—Getting Away with Murder?
.” News Release,
October
4
,
2002
, AI Index: AMR 38/020/2002.
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Braeton Officers Charged—Milestone in Ending Police Impunity
.” Press Release,
November
5
,
2003
, AI Index: AMR 38/020/
2003
.
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Killings and Violence by Police: How Many More Victims?
Amnesty International Report
AI Index: AMR 38/003/2001 (2001).
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Summary of Concerns October 1997
.” Amnesty International Report no. 38/07/97.
Amnesty International
. “
The Killing of the Braeton Seven—A Justice System on Trial
.”
March
13
,
2003
, AI Index: AMR 38/005/2003.
Arnold
David.
The Colonial Prison: Power, Knowledge and Penology in Nineteenth-Century India
.” In
Subaltern Studies VIII: Essays in Honour of Ranajit Guha
, ed. by
Arnold
David
and
Hardiman
David
,
148
87
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Arnold
David.
Gramsci and Peasant Subalternity in India
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
11
(
1984
):
155
77
.
Augier
Roy.
Before and after 1865
.” In
Caribbean Freedom: Economy and Society from Emancipation to the Present
[
1966
], ed. by
Beckles
Hilary
and
Shepherd
Verene
,
170
80
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1993
.
Austin-Broos
Diane J.
Jamaica Genesis: Religion and the Politics of Moral Order
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1997
.
Ayers
Edward L.
Vengeance and Justice: Crime and Punishment in the 19th-Century American South
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1984
.
Bakan
Abigail B.
Ideology and Class Conflict in Jamaica: The Politics of Rebellion
.
Montreal
:
Mc Gill-Queen’s University Press
,
1990
.
Bauer
Raymond A.
and
Bauer
Alice H.
Day-to-Day Resistance to Slavery
.”
Journal of Negro History
27
(
1942
):
388
419
.
Beckles
Hilary McD.
Natural Rebels: A Social History of Enslaved Black Women in Barbados
.
New Brunswick, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1989
.
Beckles
Hilary McD.
Taking Liberties: Enslaved Women and Anti-Slavery in the Caribbean
.” In
Gender and Imperialism
, ed. by
Midgley
Clare
137
57
.
Manchester
:
Manchester University Press
,
1998
.
Beckles
Hilary McD.
and
Shepherd
Verene
ed.
Caribbean Freedom: Economy and Society from Emancipation to the Present
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1993
.
Bender
Thomas
ed.
The Antislavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical Interpretation
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1992
.
Bentley
David.
English Criminal Justice in the Nineteenth Century
.
London
:
Hambledon Press
,
1998
.
Berlin
Ira.
Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1998
.
Berlin
Ira.
The Slaves’ Economy: Independent Production by Slaves in the Americas
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1991
.
Berlin
Ira.
and
Morgan
Philip D.
, eds.
Cultivation and Culture: Labor and the Shaping of Slave Life in the Americas
.
Charlottesville
:
University Press of Virginia
,
1993
.
Blackburn
Robin.
The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern 1492–1800
.
London
:
Verso
,
1997
.
Blackburn
Robin.
The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776–1848
.
London
:
Verso
,
1988
.
Blanchard
Peter.
Slavery and Abolition in Early Republican Peru
.
Wilmington, Del.
:
Scholarly Resources
,
1992
.
Blassingame
John.
The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1972
.
Boa
Sheena.
Discipline, Reform or Punish? Attitudes toward Juvenile Crimes and Misdemeanours in the Post-Emancipation Caribbean, 1838–1888
.” In
Contesting Freedom: Control and Resistance in the Post-emancipation Caribbean
, ed. by
Heuman
Gad
and
Trotman
David V.
London
:
Macmillan Caribbean, forthcoming
.
Bolland
O. Nigel.
The Politics of Freedom in the British Caribbean
.” In
The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery
, ed. by
McGlynn
Frank
and
Drescher
Seymour
113
46
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
1992
.
Bolland
O. Nigel.
Systems of Domination after Slavery: The Control of Land and Labor in the British West Indies after 1838
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
23
(
1981
):
591
619
.
Bolt
Christine.
Victorian Attitudes to Race
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1971
.
Bourdieu
Pierre.
The Force of Law: Toward a Sociology of the Juridical Field
.”
Hastings Law Journal
38
(
1987
):
814
53
.
Boxill
Eileen.
Developments in Family Law Since Emancipation
.”
West Indian Law Journal
9
(
1985
):
9
20
.
Brathwaite
Edward.
The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica, 1770–1820
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1971
.
Brereton
Bridget.
Family Strategies, Gender, and the Shift to Wage Labour in the British Caribbean
.” In
The Colonial Caribbean in Transition: Essays on Postemancipation Social and Cultural History
, ed. by
Brereton
Bridget
and
Yelvington
Kevin A.
,
77
107
.
Kingston
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
1999
.
Brewer
John
, and
Porter
Roy
, eds.
Consumption and the World of Goods
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Brown
Alexandra K.
‘A Black Mark on Our Legislation’: Slavery, Punishment, and the Politics of Death in Nineteenth-Century Brazil
.”
Luso-Brazilian Review
37
, no.
2
(
2000
):
96
121
.
Bryan
Patrick.
The Jamaican People 1880–1902: Race, Class and Social Control
.
London
:
Macmillan Caribbean
,
1991
.
Buckley
Roger Norman.
The British Army in the West Indies: Society and the Military in the Revolutionary Age
.
Gainesville
:
University Press of Florida, and Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press
,
1998
.
Burn
W L.
Emancipation and Apprenticeship in the British West Indies
.
London
:
Jonathan Cape
,
1937
.
Burton
Richard D. E.
Afro-Creole: Power, Opposition, and Play in the Caribbean
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1997
.
Bush
Barbara.
Slave Women in Caribbean Society 1650–1838
.
London
:
James Currey
,
1990
.
Butler
Kathleen Mary.
The Economics of Emancipation: Jamaica and Barbados, 1823–1843
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Buvinic
Mayra
,
Morrison
Andrew
, and
Shifter
Michael
. “
Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Framework for Action
.” Sustainable Development Department, Inter-American Development Bank,
March
1999
.
Buxton
Charles.
Memoirs of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton
.
London
,
1872
.
Cardoso
Ciro Flamarion S.
The Peasant Breach in the Slave System: New Developments in Brazil
.”
Luso-Brazilian Review
25
(
1988
):
49
57
.
Cassidy
F. G.
and
LePage
R. B.
Dictionary of Jamaican English
[
1967
].
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1980
.
Chakrabarty
Dipesh.
Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for ‘Indian’ Pasts?
.”
Representations
37
(
1992
):
1
26
.
Chanock
Martin.
Law, Custom and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia
.
Portsmouth, N.H.
:
Heinemann
,
1998
.
Chatterjee
Partha.
The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Post-Colonial Histories
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1993
.
Chevannes
Barry.
Rastafari: Roots and Ideology
.
Syracuse, N.Y.
:
Syracuse University Press, and Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press
,
1995
.
Chutkan
Noelle.
The Administration of Justice in Jamaica as a Contributing Factor in the Morant Bay Rebellion of 1865
.”
Savacou
11–12
(
1975
):
78
85
.
Clegg
Peter.
The Caribbean Banana Trade: From Colonialism to Globalization
.
Basingstoke
:
Palgrave
,
2002
.
Cohn
Bernard S.
Law and the Colonial State in India
.” In
History and Power in the Study of Law: New Directions in Legal Anthropology
, ed. by
Starr
June
and
Collier
Jane F.
131
52
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1989
.
Comaroff
John L.
Images of Empire, Contests of Conscience: Models of Colonial Domination in South Africa
.”
American Ethnologist
16
, no.
4
(
1989
):
661
85
.
Conrad
Robert Edgar.
The Destruction of Brazilian Slavery, 1850–1888
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1972
.
Conrad
Robert Edgar.
, ed.
Children of God’s Fire: A Documentary History of Black Slavery in Brazil
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1983
.
Cooper
Frederick.
Conflict and Connection: Rethinking Colonial African History
.”
American Historical Review
99
, no.
5
(
1994
):
1516
45
.
Cooper
Frederick.
On the African Waterfront: Urban Disorder and the Transformation of Work in Colonial Mombasa
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1987
.
Coronil
Fernando.
Listening to the Subaltern: The Poetics of Neocolonial States
.”
Poetics Today
15
, no.
4
(
1994
):
643
658
.
Corrigan
Philip.
Feudal Relics or Capitalist Monuments? Notes on the Sociology of Unfree Labour
.”
Sociology
11
(
1977
):
435
463
.
Corrigan
Philip.
and
Sayer
Derek
.
The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1985
.
Crais
Clifton.
Of Men, Magic, and the Law: Popular Justice and the Political Imagination in South Africa
.”
Journal of Social History
32
, no.
1
(
1998
):
49
72
.
Craton
Michael.
Continuity Not Change: The Incidence of Unrest Among Ex-Slaves in the British West Indies, 1838–1876
.” In
Caribbean Freedom: Economy and Society from Emancipation to the Present
, ed. by
Beckles
Hilary
and
Shepherd
Verene
,
192
206
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1993
.
Craton
Michael.
Searching for the Invisible Man: Slaves and Plantation Life in Jamaica
.
Cambridge, Mass
.:
Harvard University Press
,
1978
.
Craton
Michael.
Testing the Chains: Resistance to Slavery in the British West Indies
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1982
.
Craton
Michael.
and
Walvin
James
.
A Jamaican Plantation: The History of Worthy Park 1670–1970
.
London
:
W. H. Allen
,
1970
.
Craven
Paul
, and
Hay
Douglas
. “
The Criminalization of ‘Free’ Labour: Master and Servant in Comparative Perspective
.” In
Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World
, ed. by
Lovejoy
Paul E.
and
Rogers
Nicholas
,
71
101
.
Ilford, Essex
:
Frank Cass
,
1994
.
Craven
Paul
, and
Hay
Douglas
. “
The Criminalization of ‘Free’ Labour: Master and Servant in Comparative Perspective
.” In
Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World
, ed. by
Lovejoy
Paul E.
and
Rogers
Nicholas
,
71
101
.
Ilford, Essex
:
Frank Cass
,
1994
.
Curtin
Philip D.
Two Jamaicas: The Role of Ideas in a Tropical Colony, 1830–1865
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1955
.
Dalby
Jonathan.
Crime and Punishment in Jamaica: A Quantitative Analysis of the Assize Court Records, 1756–1856
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Social History Project, Department of History, University of the West Indies
,
2000
.
Damousi
Joy.
Depraved and Disorderly: Female Convicts, Sexuality and Gender in Colonial Australia
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1997
.
Damousi
Joy.
‘What Punishment Will Be Sufficient for These Rebellious Hussies?’ Headshaving and Convict Women in the Female Factories, 1820s–1840s
.” In
Representing Convicts: New Perspectives on Convict Forced Labour Migration
, ed. by
Duffield
Ian
and
Bradley
James
,
204
14
.
London
:
Leicester University Press
,
1997
.
Davidoff
Leonore
, and
Hall
Catherine
.
Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780–1850
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1987
.
Davis
David Brion.
The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770–1823
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1975
.
Davis
David Brion.
The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1966
.
Davis
Jennifer.
The London Garotting Panic of 1862: A Moral Panic and the Creation of a Criminal Class in Mid-Victorian England
.” In
Crime and the Law: The Social History of Crime in Western Europe since 1500
, ed. by
Gatrell
V. A. C.
,
Lenman
Bruce
, and
Parker
Geoffrey
,
190
213
.
London
:
Europa
,
1980
.
De Barros
Juanita.
Metropolitan Policies and Colonial Practices at the Boys’ Reformatory in British Guiana
.”
Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
30
, no.
2
(
2002
):
1
24
.
Deacon
Harriet
, ed.
The Island: A History of Robben Island, 1488–1990
.
Cape Town
:
David Philip
,
1996
.
Dearden
Stephen.
The E.U. Banana Protocol
.” In
The European Union and the Commonwealth Caribbean
, ed. by
Dearden
Stephen J. H.
,
52
78
.
Aldershot, Hampshire
:
Ashgate
,
2002
.
DeLacy
Margaret.
Prison Reform in Lancashire, 1700–1850: A Study in Local Administration
.
Stanford, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1986
.
Dirks
Robert.
The Black Saturnalia: Conflict and Its Ritual Expression on British West Indian Slave Plantations
.
Gainesville
:
University of Florida Press
,
1987
.
Dodge
L. Mara.
‘One Female Prisoner is of More Trouble than Twenty Males’: Women Convicts in Illinois Prisons, 1835–1896
.”
Journal of Social History
32
, no.
2
(
1999
):
907
30
.
Dore
Elizabeth.
One Step Forward, Two Steps Back: Gender and the State in the Long Nineteenth Century
.” In
Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America
, ed. by
Dore
Elizabeth
and
Maxine
Molyneux
,
3
32
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Dusinberre
William.
Them Dark Days: Slavery in the American Rice Swamps
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1996
.
Edwards
Adolph.
The Development of Criminal Law in Jamaica up to 1900
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
University of London
,
1968
.
Eisner
Gisela.
Jamaica, 1830–1930: A Study in Economic Growth
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1961
.
Emmer
Pieter.
Between Slavery and Freedom: The Period of Apprenticeship in Suriname (Dutch Guiana), 1863–1873
.”
Slavery and Abolition
14
, no.
1
(
1993
):
87
105
.
Eudell
Demetrius L.
The Political Languages of Emancipation in the British Caribbean and the U.S. South
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2002
.
Evans
Robin.
The Fabrication of Virtue: English Prison Architecture, 1750–1840
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1982
.
Favret
Mary A.
Flogging: The Anti-Slavery Movement Writes Pornography
.” In
Essays and Studies 1998: Romanticism and Gender
, ed. by
Janowitz
Anne
,
19
43
.
Cambridge
:
D. S. Brewer
,
1998
.
Ferguson
Moira.
Subject to Others: British Women Writers and Colonial Slavery, 1670–1834
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Foner
Eric.
Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution 1863–1877
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
,
1988
.
Forsythe
William James.
The Reform of Prisoners 1830–1900
.
London
:
Croom Helm
,
1987
.
Foucault
Michel.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
, trans.
Sheridan
Alan
.
London
:
Vintage Books
,
1977
.
Franklin
John Hope
, and
Schweninger
Loren
.
Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Garland
David.
Punishment and Modern Society: A Study in Social Theory
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1990
.
Garland
David.
Punishment and Welfare: A History of Penal Strategies
.
Aldershot, Hampshire
:
Gower
,
1985
.
Gatrell
V. A. C.
The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People, 1770–1868
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Gatrell
V. A. C.
and
Hadden
T. B.
Criminal Statistics and Their Interpretation
.” In
Nineteenth Century Society: Essays in the Use of Quantitative Methods for the Study of Social Data
, ed. by
Wrigley
E. A.
336
96
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1972
.
Geggus
David.
Slavery, War, and Revolution: The British Occupation of Saint-Domingue 1793–1798
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1982
.
Genovese
Eugene D.
Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1972
.
Genovese
Eugene D.
The World the Slaveholders Made: Two Essays in Interpretation [1969]
.
Middletown, Conn.
:
Wesleyan University Press
,
1988
.
Goffman
Erving.
Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates
.
London
:
Penguin
,
1961
.
Goveia
Elsa V.
Slave Society in the British Leeward Islands at the End of the Eighteenth Century
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1965
.
Goveia
Elsa V.
The West Indian Slave Laws of the 18th Century
.
[Bridgetown,] Barbados
:
Caribbean Universities Press
,
1970
.
Gramsci
Antonio.
Selections from the Prison Notebooks
, ed. by
Hoare
Quintin
and
Smith
Geoffrey Nowell
.
London
:
Lawrence and Wishart
,
1971
.
Green
William A.
British Slave Emancipation: The Sugar Colonies and the Great Experiment, 1830–1865
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1976
.
Guha
Ranajit.
Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1983
.
Guha
Ranajit.
The Prose of Counter-Insurgency
.” In
Subaltern Studies II: Writings on South Asian History and Society
, ed. by
Guha
Ranajit
,
1
42
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1983
.
Hadden
Sally E.
Slave Patrols: Law and Violence in Virginia and the Carolinas
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
2001
.
Hall
Catherine.
Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination, 1830–1867
.
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
2002
.
Hall
Catherine.
Competing Masculinities: Thomas Carlyle, John Stuart Mill, and the Case of Governor Eyre
.” In
White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History
,
255
95
.
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
1992
.
Hall
Catherine.
Missionary Stories: Gender and Ethnicity in England in the 1830s and 1840s
.” In
White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History
,
205
54
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
1992
.
Hall
Catherine.
Rethinking Imperial Histories: The Reform Act of 1867
.”
New Left Review
208
(
1994
):
3
29
.
Hall
Catherine.
White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History
.
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
1992
.
Hall
Catherine.
White Visions, Black Lives: The Free Villages of Jamaica
.”
History Workshop Journal
36
(
1993
):
100
32
.
Hall
Douglas.
The Apprenticeship Period in Jamaica 1834–1838
.”
Caribbean Quarterly
3
, no.
3
(
1953
):
142
66
.
Hall
Douglas.
Free Jamaica 1838–1865: An Economic History
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1959
.
Harrison
Brian.
A Genealogy of Reform in Modern Britain
.” In
Anti-Slavery, Religion, and Reform: Essays in Memory of Roger Anstey
, ed. by
Bolt
Christine
and
Drescher
Seymour
,
119
48
.
Folkestone, Kent
:
Dawson Archon
,
1980
.
Harrison
Faye V .
The Politics of Social Outlawry in Urban Jamaica
.”
Urban Anthropology
17
(
1988
):
259
77
.
Hartman
Saidiya V.
Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Hay
Douglas.
Property, Authority, and the Criminal Law
.” In
Albion’s Fatal Tree: Crime and Society in Eighteenth-Century England
, ed. by
Hay
Douglas
,
Linebaugh
Peter
,
Rule
John G.
,
Thompson
E. P.
, and
Cal
Winslow
,
17
63
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1975
.
Hay
Douglas.
Prosecution and Power: Malicious Prosecution in the English Courts, 1750–1850
.” In
Policing and Prosecution in Britain 1750–1850
, ed. by
Hay
Douglas
and
Snyder
Francis
,
343
95
. Oxford: Clarendon Press,
1989
.
Hay
Douglas.
and Paul Craven. “
Master and Servant in England and the Empire: A Comparative Study
.”
Labour/Le Travail
31
(
1993
):
175
84
.
Heath
James.
Eighteenth Century Penal Theory
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1963
.
Helg
Aline.
Our Rightful Share: The Afro-Cuban Struggle for Equality, 1886–1912
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Henderson
George E.
Goodness and Mercy: A Tale of a Hundred Years
.
Kingston
:
Gleaner Company
,
1931
.
Henriques
U.
The Rise and Decline of the Separate System of Prison Discipline
Past and Present
54
(
1972
):
61
93
.
Heuman
Gad.
Between Black and White: Race, Politics, and the Free Coloreds in Jamaica, 1792–1865
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1981
.
Heuman
Gad.
“The Killing Time”: The Morant Bay Rebellion in Jamaica
.
London
:
Macmillan Caribbean
,
1994
.
Heuman
Gad.
Riots and Resistance at the Moment of Full Freedom in the Anglo-phone Caribbean
.”
Paper presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians, Havana, Cuba
,
1999
.
Heuman
Gad.
Runaway Slaves in Nineteenth-Century Barbados
.” In
Out of the House of Bondage: Runaways, Resistance and Marronage in Africa and the New World
, ed. by
Heuman
Gad
,
95
111
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1986
.
Higman
Barry W.
The Jamaican Censuses of 1844 and 1861: A New Edition, Derived from the Manuscript and Printed Schedules in the Jamaica Archives
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Social History Project, University of the West Indies
,
1980
.
Higman
Barry W.
Jamaican Port Towns in the Early Nineteenth Century
.” In
Atlantic Port Cities: Economy, Culture and Society in the Atlantic World, 1650–1850
, ed. by
Knight
Franklin W.
and
Liss
Peggy K.
,
117
48
.
Knoxville
:
University of Tennessee Press
,
1991
.
Higman
Barry W.
Slave Population and Economy in Jamaica, 1807–1834
[
1976
].
Kingston
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
1995
.
Hill
Robert.
Leonard P. Howell and Millenarian Visions in Early Rastafari
.”
Jamaica Journal
16
(
1983
):
24
39
.
Hindus
Michael S.
Prison and Plantation: Crime, Justice, and Authority in Massachusetts and South Carolina, 1767–1878
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1980
.
Hinton
John Howard.
Memoir of William Knibb, Missionary in Jamaica
.
London
:
Houlston and Stoneman
,
1847
.
Hirsch
Adam Jay.
The Rise of the Penitentiary: Prisons and Punishment in Early America
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1992
.
Hirsch
Susan F.
, and
Lazarus-Black
Mindie
Introduction: Performance and Paradox: Exploring Law’s Role in Hegemony and Resistance
.” In
Contested States: Law, Hegemony and Resistance
, ed. by
Lazarus-Black
Mindie
and
Hirsch
Susan F.
,
1
31
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Hobsbawm
Eric J.
The Age of Capital, 1848–1875
.
London
:
Weidenfeld and Nicolson
,
1975
.
Hobsbawm
Eric J.
The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848
.
London
:
Weidenfeld and Nicholson
,
1962
.
Hobsbawm
Eric J.
and
Rudé
George
.
Captain Swing: A Social History of the Great English Agricultural Uprising of 1830
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1975
.
Holt
Thomas C.
The Problem of Freedom: Race, Labor, and Politics in Jamaica and Britain, 1832–1938
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1992
.
Hutton
Clinton Alexander.
‘Colour for Colour; Skin for Skin’: The Ideological Foundations of Post-Slavery Society, 1838–1865: The Jamaican Case
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
,
1992
.
Ignatieff
Michael.
A Just Measure of Pain: The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution, 1750–1850
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
1978
.
Ignatieff
Michael.
State, Civil Society, and Total Institutions: A Critique of Recent Social Histories of Punishment
.” In
Social Control and the State: Historical and Comparative Essays
, ed. by
Cohen
Stanley
and
Scull
Andrew
,
75
105
.
Oxford
:
Martin Robertson
,
1983
.
Innes
Joanna.
Prisons for the Poor: English Bridewells, 1555–1800
.” In
Labour, Law, and Crime: An Historical Perspective
, ed. by
Snyder
Frances
and
Hay
Douglas
,
42
122
.
London
:
Tavistock Publications
,
1987
.
James
C. L. R.
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution
[
1938
], 2nd rev. ed.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1963
.
James
Winston.
A Fierce Hatred of Injustice: Claude McKay’s Jamaica and His Poetry of Rebellion
.
London
:
Verso
,
2000
.
Johnson
Howard.
Patterns of Policing in the Post-Emancipation British Caribbean, 1835–95
.” In
Policing the Empire: Government, Authority and Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Anderson
David M.
and
Killingray
David
,
71
91
.
Manchester
:
Manchester University Press
,
1991
.
Johnson
Walter.
A Nettlesome Classic Turns Twenty-Five (Re-reading Roll Jordan Roll)
.”
Common-Place
1, no.
4
(
2001
), http://www.common-place.org/vol-01/no-04/reviews/johnson.shtml.
Jones
Gareth Stedman.
Outcast London: A Study in the Relation Between Classes in Victorian Society
.
London
:
Pantheon
,
1984
.
Joseph
Gilbert M.
, and
Nugent
Daniel
. “
Popular Culture and State Formation in Revolutionary Mexico
.” In
Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico
, ed. by
Joseph
Gilbert M.
and
Nugent
Daniel
,
3
23
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Kale
Madhavi.
Fragments of Empire: Capital, Slavery, and Indian Indentured Labor Migration in the British Caribbean
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1998
.
Karasch
Mary C.
Slave Life in Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1850
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1987
.
Kolchin
Peter.
Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1987
.
Kopytoff
Barbara K.
Religious Change Among the Jamaican Maroons: The Ascendency of the Christian God within a Traditional Cosmology
.”
Journal of Social History
20
(
1986
–87):
463
84
.
Landau
Norma.
The Justices of the Peace, 1679–1760
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1984
.
Landes
Joan.
Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1988
.
Langbein
John.
Torture and the Law of Proof: Europe and England in the Ancien Regime
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1977
.
Lazarus-Black
Mindie.
John Grant’s Jamaica: Notes Towards a Reassessment of Courts in the Slave Era
.”
Journal of Caribbean History
27, no.
2
(
1993
):
144
59
.
Lazarus-Black
Mindie.
Legitimate Acts and Illegal Encounters: Law and Society in Antigua and Barbuda
.
Washington
:
Smithsonian Institution Press
,
1994
.
Lazarus-Black
Mindie.
Slaves, Masters, and Magistrates: Law and the Politics of Resistance in the British Caribbean, 1736–1834
.” In
Contested States: Law, Hegemony, and Resistance
, ed. by
Lazarus-Black
Mindie
and
Hirsch
Susan F.
,
252
80
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Leps
Marie-Christine.
Apprehending the Criminal: The Production of Deviance in Nineteenth-Century Discourse
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1992
.
Lichtenstein
Alex.
That Disposition to Theft, with which They Have Been Branded: Moral Economy, Slave Management and the Law
.”
Journal of Social History
21
(
1987
–88):
413
40
.
Lichtenstein
Alex.
Twice the Work of Free Labor: The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South
.
London
:
Verso
,
1996
.
Linebaugh
Peter.
The London Hanged: Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1992
.
Liss
Peggy K.
Atlantic Empires: The Network of Trade and Revolution, 1713–1826
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1983
.
Lynch
John
, ed.
Latin American Revolutions, 1808–1826: Old and New World Origins
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
,
1994
. Mallon, Florencia. Peasant and Nation: The Making of Postcolonial Mexico and Peru. Berkeley: University of California Press,
1995
.
Lynch
John
ed.
Latin American Revolutions, 1808–1826: Old and New World Origins
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
,
1994
.
Mallon
Florencia.
Peasant and Nation: The Making of Postcolonial Mexico and Peru
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Mallon
Florencia.
The Promise and Dilemma of Subaltern Studies: Perspectives from Latin American History
.”
American Historical Review
99
, no.
5
(
1994
):
1491
1515
.
Manderson-Jones
Marlene.
Richard Hill of Jamaica: His Life and Times, 1795–1872
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
1973
.
Mandler
Peter.
Aristocratic Government in the Age of Reform: Whigs and Liberals, 1830–1852
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1990
.
Marsala
Vincent John.
Sir John Peter Grant, Governor of Jamaica, 1866–1874: An Administrative History
.
Kingston
:
Institute of Jamaica
,
1972
.
Marshall
W. K.
Apprenticeship and Labour Relations in Four Windward Islands
.” In
Abolition and Its Aftermath: The Historical Context, 1790–1916
, ed. by
Richardson
David
,
203
24
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1985
.
Marshall
W. K.
The Termination of the Apprenticeship in Barbados and the Wind ward Islands: An Essay in Colonial Administration and Politics
.”
Journal of Caribbean History
2
(
1971
):
1
45
.
McClelland
Keith.
Rational and Respectable Men: Gender, the Working Class, and Citizenship in Britain, 1850–1867
.” In
Gender and Class in Modern Europe
, ed. by
Frader
Laura L.
and
Rose
Sonya O.
,
280
93
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1996
.
McClelland
Keith.
Some Thoughts on Masculinity and the ‘Representative Artisan’ in Britain, 1850–1880
.”
Gender and History
1
(
1989
):
164
77
.
McConville
Sean.
A History of English Prison Administration
, Vol.
1
:
1750
1877
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1981
.
McDonald
Roderick A.
The Economy and Material Culture of Slaves: Goods and Chattels on the Sugar Plantations of Jamaica and Louisiana
.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1993
.
McGlynn
Frank
, and
Drescher
Seymour
, eds.
The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
1992
.
McGowen
Randall.
Power and Humanity, or Foucault Among the Historians
.” In
Reassessing Foucault: Power, Medicine and the Body
, ed. by
Jones
Colin
and
Porter
Roy
,
91
112
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
McKay
Claude.
My Green Hills of Jamaica
.
Kingston
:
Heinemann Educational Books (Caribbean)
,
1979
.
McKendrick
Neil
,
Brewer
John
, and
Plumb
J. H.
, eds.
The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1985
.
Meeks
Brian.
Narratives of Resistance: Jamaica, Trinidad, the Caribbean
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
2000
.
Meeks
Brian.
The Political Moment in Jamaica: The Dimensions of Hegemonic Dissolution
.” In
Radical Caribbean: From Black Power to Abu Bakr
,
124
43
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
1996
.
Melossi
Dario
, and
Pavarini
Massimo
.
The Prison and the Factory: Origins of the Penitentiary System
, trans.
Cousin
Glynis
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
1981
.
Meranze
Michael.
Laboratories of Virtue: Punishment, Revolution, and the Transformation of Authority in Philadelphia, 1760–1835
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Midgley
Clare.
Women Against Slavery: The British Campaigns, 1780–1870
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Mintz
Sidney W.
Caribbean Transformations
[
1974
].
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1984
.
Mintz
Sidney W.
Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1985
.
Mintz
Sidney W.
and
Hall
Douglas
. “
The Origins of the Jamaican Internal Market System
.” In
Papers in Caribbean Anthropology
, ed. by
Mintz
Sidney W.
,
3
26
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Publications in Anthropology nos. 57–64
,
1960
.
Moitt
Bernard.
Women and Slavery in the French Antilles, 1635–1848
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2001
.
Montgomery
David.
Citizen Worker: The Experience of Workers in the United States with Democracy and the Free Market during the Nineteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Moore
Barrington.
Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy
[
1966
].
London
:
Peregrine
,
1977
.
Moore
Brian L.
Race, Power, and Social Segmentation in Colonial Society: Guyana after Slavery 1838–1891
.
New York
:
Gordon and Breach Science Publishers
,
1987
.
Morrissey
Marietta.
Slave Women in the New World: Gender Stratification in the Caribbean
.
Lawrence
:
University Press of Kansas
,
1989
.
Mullin
Michael.
Africa in America: Slave Acculturation and Resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736–1831
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1992
.
Murray
David J.
The West Indies and the Development of Colonial Government 1801–1834
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1965
.
Myers
Martha A.
Race, Labor, and Punishment in the New South
.
Columbus
:
Ohio State University Press
,
1998
.
Newbould
Ian.
Whiggery and Reform, 1830–41: The Politics of Government
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
1990
.
Newton
Melanie Jean.
The Children of Africa in the Colonies: Free People of Colour in Barbados during the Emancipation Era, 1816–1854
.”
D.Phil. diss
.,
University of Oxford
,
2001
.
O’Brien
Patricia.
The Promise of Punishment: Prisons in Nineteenth Century France
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1982
.
O’Hanlon
Rosalind.
Recovering the Subject: Subaltern Studies and Histories of Resistance in Colonial South Asia
.”
Modern Asian Studies
22
, no.
1
(
1988
):
189
224
.
Oldfield
J. R.
Popular Politics and British Anti-Slavery: The Mobilisation of Public Opinion against the Slave Trade 1787–1807
[
1995
].
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1998
.
Ortner
Sherry.
Resistance and the Problem of Ethnographic Refusal
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
37
(
1995
):
173
93
.
Oshinsky
David M.
Worse Than Slavery
”:
Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Pago
Gilbert.
Les Femmes et la liquidation du système esclavagiste à la Martinique 1848–1852
.
Guadeloupe
:
Ibis Rouge
,
1998
.
Palmer
Stanley H.
Police and Protest in England and Ireland, 1780–1850
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1988
.
Palmer
Stanley H.
Police and Protest in England and Ireland, 1780–1850
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1988
.
Pan American Health Organization
. “
Statistics on Homicides, Suicides, Accidents, Injuries, and Attitudes towards Violence
.”
Pashukanis
Evgeny B.
Law and Marxism: A General Theory: Towards a Critique of the Fundamental Juridical Concepts
[
1924
], trans.
Einhorn
Barbara
.
London
:
Ink Links
,
1978
.
Pateman
Carole.
The Sexual Contract
.
Stanford, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1988
.
Paton
Diana.
Decency, Dependence, and the Lash: Gender and the British Debate over Slave Emancipation, 1830–1834
.”
Slavery and Abolition
17
(
1996
):
162
84
.
Paton
Diana.
The Flight from the Fields Reconsidered: Gender Ideologies and Women’s Labor after Slavery in Jamaica
.” In
Reclaiming the Political in Latin American History: Essays from the North
, ed.
Joseph
Gilbert M.
,
175
204
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Paton
Diana.
‘An Injurious Population’: Race and Slavery in the Transportation of West Indian Convicts
.”
Paper presented at the conference Colonial Places, Convict Spaces
: Penal Transportation in Global Context, c.
1600
1940
,
University of Leicester
,
December 1999
.
Paton
Diana.
No Bond but the Law: Punishment and Justice in Jamaica’s Age of Emancipation, 1780–1870
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
Yale University, New Haven
,
1999
.
Paton
Diana.
Punishment, Crime, and the Bodies of Slaves in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica
.”
Journal of Social History
34
, no.
4
(
2001
):
923
54
.
Patterson
Orlando.
Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1982
.
Patterson
Orlando.
The Sociology of Slavery: An Analysis of the Origins, Development and Structure of Negro Slave Society in Jamaica
.
London
:
Macgibbon and Kee
,
1967
.
Pattullo
Polly.
Last Resorts: The Cost of Tourism in the Caribbean
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1996
.
Perkin
Harold.
The Origin of Modern English Society 1780–1880
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1972
.
Philips
David.
Crime and Authority in Victorian England: The Black Country, 1835–1860
.
London
:
Croom Helm
,
1977
.
Philips
David.
‘A New Engine of Power and Authority’: The Institutionalization of Law-Enforcement in England 1780–1830
.” In
Crime and the Law: The Social History of Crime in Western Europe since 1500
, ed. by
Gatrell
V. A. C.
,
Lenman
Bruce
, and
Parker
Geoffrey
,
155
89
.
London
:
Europa Publications
,
1980
.
Philips
Ulrich B.
American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Regime
[
1918
].
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1966
.
Prakash
Gyan.
Subaltern Studies as Postcolonial Criticism
.”
American Historical Review 99
, no.
5
(
1994
):
1475
–90.
Price
Richard
ed.
Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas
.
Garden City, N.Y.
:
Anchor Books
,
1973
.
Rafter
Nicole Hahn.
Partial Justice: Women, Prisons, and Social Control
, 2nd ed.
New Brunswick N.J.
:
Transaction Publishers
,
1990
.
Rao
Anupama
, and
Pierce
Steven
, eds.
Discipline and the Other Body
. Special issue of
Interventions
3
, no.
2
(
2001
).
Rao
Anupama
and
Pierce
Steven
eds. “
Discipline and the Other Body: Correction, Corporeality, and Colonial Rule
.”
Interventions
3
, no.
2
(
2001
):
159
68
.
Robertson
Glory.
Members of the Assembly of Jamaica from the General Election of 1830 to the Final Session January 1866
.”
Unpublished typescript in the University of the West Indies Library, Mona, Jamaica
.
Robotham
Don.
“The Notorious Riot”: The Socio-Economic and Political Base of Paul Bogle’s Revolt
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies
,
1981
.
Rogers
Nicholas.
Vagrancy, Impressment and the Regulation of Labour in Eighteenth-Century Britain
.” In
Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World
, ed. by
Lovejoy
Paul E.
and
Rogers
Nicholas
,
102
13
.
Ilford, Essex
:
Frank Cass
,
1994
.
Roseberry
William.
Hegemony and the Language of Contention
.” In
Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico
, ed. by
Joseph
Gilbert M.
and
Nugent
Daniel
,
355
66
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Rothman
David J.
The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic
[
1971
], rev. ed.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
,
1990
.
Rusche
Georg
, and
Kirchheimer
Otto
.
Punishment and Social Structure
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1939
.
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
Penitentiaries, Visions of Class, and Export Economies: Brazil and Argentina Compared
” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
194
223
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Toward an Interpretive Social History of Prisons
.” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
1
43
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
, eds.
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America, 1840–1940
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Santiago-Valles
Kelvin A.
‘Forcing Them to Work and Punishing Whoever Resisted’: Servile Labor and Penal Servitude Under Colonialism in Nineteenth-Century Puerto Rico
.” In The
Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
123
68
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Santiago-Valles
Kelvin A.
“Subject People” and Colonial Discourses: Economic Transformation and Social Disorder in Puerto Rico, 1898–1947
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1994
.
Sarkar
Sumit.
The Decline of the Subaltern in Subaltern Studies
.” In
Mapping Subaltern Studies and the Postcolonial
, ed. by
Chaturvedi
Vinayak
,
300
323
.
London
:
Verso and New Left Review
,
2000
.
Satchell
Veront M.
From Plots to Plantations: Land Transactions in Jamaica, 1866–1900
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies
,
1990
.
Saville
Julie.
The Work of Reconstruction: From Slave to Wage Laborer in South Carolina, 1860–1870
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1994
.
Scarry
Elaine.
The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1985
.
Schuler
Monica.
“Alas, Alas, Kongo”: A Social History of Indentured African Immigration into Jamaica, 1841–1865
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1980
.
Schwalm
Leslie A.
“A Hard Fight for We”: Women’s Transition from Slavery to Freedom in South Carolina
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1997
.
Schwartz
Stuart.
Peasants and Slavery: Feeding Brazil in the Late Colonial Period
.” In
Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery
,
65
101
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1992
.
Scott
David.
Refashioning Futures: Criticism after Postcoloniality
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Scott
David.
‘Wi a di Govament’: An Interview with Anthony B
.”
Small Axe
2
(
1997
):
79
101
.
Scott
James C.
Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1990
.
Scott
James C.
Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
13
(
1986
):
5
35
.
Scott
James C.
Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1985
.
Scott
Julius Sherrard
, III. “
The Common Wind: Currents of Afro-American Communication in the Era of the Haitian Revolution
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
Duke University, Durham, N.C
.,
1986
.
Scott
Rebecca.
The Battle over the Child: Child Apprenticeship and the Freed-men’s Bureau in North Carolina
.”
Prologue
10
(
1978
):
101
13
.
Scott
Rebecca.
Slave Emancipation in Cuba: The Transition to Free Labor, 1860–1899
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1985
.
Scully
Pamela.
Liberating the Family? Gender and British Slave Emancipation in the Rural Western Cape, South Africa, 1823–1853
.
Portsmouth, N.H.
:
Heinemann
,
1997
.
Sen
Satadru.
Disciplining Punishment: Colonialism and Convict Society in the Andaman Islands
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Sheller
Mimi.
Consuming the Caribbean: From Arawaks to Zombies
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2003
.
Sheller
Mimi.
Democracy after Slavery: Black Publics and Peasant Radicalism in Haiti and Jamaica
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
2000
.
Sheller
Mimi.
Quasheba, Mother, Queen: Black Women’s Public Leadership and Political Protest in Post-emancipation Jamaica, 1834–65
.”
Slavery and Abolition
19
(
1998
):
90
117
.
Shelton
Robert S.
A Modified Crime: The Apprenticeship System in St. Kitts
.”
Slavery and Abolition
16
, no.
3
(
1995
):
331
45
.
Shepherd
Verene A.
Transients to Settlers: The Experience of Indians in Jamaica 1845–1950
.
Leeds
:
Peepal Tree Books
,
1994
.
Simon
Daphne.
Master and Servant
.” In
Democracy and the Labour Movement: Essays in Honour of Dona Torr
, ed. by
Saville
John
,
160
200
.
London
:
Lawrence and Wishart
,
1954
.
Smith
Faith.
Preface to Special Issue on Genders and Sexualities
.”
Small Axe
7
(
2000
):
v
vii
.
Smith
Raymond T.
Race Class and Gender in the Transition to Freedom
.” In
The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery
, ed. by
McGlynn
Frank
and
Drescher
Seymour
,
257
90
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
1992
.
Snyder
Francis G.
Colonialism and Legal Form: The Creation of ‘Customary Law’ in Senegal
.”
Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law
9
(
1981
):
49
90
.
Sobo
Elisa J.
Menstrual Taboos Witchcraft Babies and Social Relations: Women’s Health Traditions in Rural Jamaica
.” In
Daughters of Caliban: Caribbean Women in the Twentieth Century
, ed. by
López
Consuelo
Springfield,
143
70
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1997
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
The Body and the State: Early Modern Europe
.” In
The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society
, ed. by
Morris
Norval
and
Rothman
David J.
,
44
70
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1995
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
From Amsterdam to Auburn: An Explanation for the Rise of the Prison in Seventeenth-Century Holland and Nineteenth-Century America
.”
Journal of Social History
(
1987
):
439
61
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
The Sociogenesis of Confinement and Its Development in Early Modern Europe
.” In
The Emergence of Carceral Institutions: Prisons, Galleys and Lunatic Asylums, 1550–1900
, ed. by
Spierenburg
Pieter
,
9
77
.
Rotterdam
:
Centrum Voor Maatschappij Aeschiedenis, Erasmus University
,
1984
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
The Spectacle of Suffering: Executions and the Evolution of Repression
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1984
.
Spivak
Gayatri Chakravorty.
Can the Subaltern Speak?
” In
Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory
, ed. by
Williams
Patrick
and
Chrisman
Laura
,
66
111
.
New York
:
Harvester Wheatsheaf
,
1993
.
Stanley
Amy Dru.
Conjugal Bonds and Wage Labour: Rights of Contract in the Age of Emancipation
.”
Journal of American History
75
(
1988
):
471
500
.
Steinfeld
Robert J.
Coercion, Contract, and Free Labor in the Nineteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2001
.
Steinfeld
Robert J.
The Invention of Free Labor: The Employment Relation in English and American Law and Culture, 1350–1870
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1991
.
Stern
Steve J.
Peru’s Indian Peoples and the Challenge of Spanish Conquest: Huamanga to 1640
[
1982
].
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1993
.
Stewart
Robert J.
Religion and Society in Post-Emancipation Jamaica
.
Knoxville
:
University of Tennessee Press
,
1992
.
Stinchcombe
Arthur L.
Sugar Island Slavery in the Age of Enlightenment: The Political Economy of the Caribbean World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Stoler
Ann L.
Making Empire Respectable: The Politics of Race and Sexual Morality in 20th-Century Colonial Cultures
.”
American Ethnologist
16
, no.
4
(
1989
):
634
69
.
Stoler
Ann L.
Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1995
.
Stone
Carl.
The Political Opinions of the Jamaican People (1976–1981)
.
Kingston
:
Blackett
,
1982
.
Thompson
E. P.
Time Work-Discipline and Industrial Capitalism
.” In
Customs in Common: Studies in Traditional Popular Culture
,
352
403
.
New York
:
The New Press
,
1993
.
Thornton
John.
Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400–1680
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Tomich
Dale W.
Slavery in the Circuit of Sugar: Martinique and the World Economy, 1830–1848
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1990
.
Trotman
David Vincent.
Crime in Trinidad: Conflict and Control in a Plantation Society, 1838–1900
.
Knoxville
:
University of Tennessee Press
,
1986
.
Trouillot
Michel-Rolph.
Peasants and Capital: Dominica in the World Economy
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1988
.
Tucker
Leonard.
“Glorious Liberty”: The Story of a Hundred Years’ Work of the Jamaica Baptist Mission
.
London
:
Baptist Missionary Society
,
1914
.
Turley
David.
The Culture of English Antislavery, 1780–1860
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Turner
Mary.
The 11 O’clock Flog: Women Work and Labour Law in the British Caribbean
.”
Slavery and Abolition
20
(
1999
):
38
58
.
Turley
David.
Slaves and Missionaries: The Disintegration of Jamaican Slave Society, 1787–1834
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1982
.
Turley
David.
, ed.
From Chattel Slaves to Wage Slaves: The Dynamics of Labour Bargaining in the Americas
.
London
:
James Currey
,
1995
.
Van Deburg
William L.
The Slave Drivers: Black Agricultural Labor Supervisors in the Antebellum South
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1979
.
Viotti da Costa
Emilia.
The Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1985
.
Viotti da Costa
Emilia.
Crowns of Glory, Tears of Blood: The Demerara Slave Rebellion of 1823
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Walker
Charles F.
Crime in the Time of the Great Fear: Indians and the State in the Peruvian Southern Andes, 1780–1820
.” In
Crime and Punishment in Latin America: Law and Society Since Late Colonial Times
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
,
Aguirre
Carlos
, and
Joseph
Gilbert M.
,
35
55
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Walvin
James.
Black Ivory: A History of British Slavery
.
London
:
Fontana Press
,
1993
.
Ward
J. R.
British West Indian Slavery, 1750–1834: The Process of Amelioration
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1988
.
White
Deborah Gray.
Ar’n’t I a Woman? Female Slaves in the Plantation South
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1985
.
White
Shane.
Somewhat More Independent: The End of Slavery in New York City, 1770–1810
.
Athens
:
University of Georgia Press
,
1991
.
White
Shane.
and
White
Graham
. “
Slave Hair and African American Culture in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
.”
Journal of Southern History
61
, no.
1
(
1995
):
45
76
.
Wiener
Martin J.
Reconstructing the Criminal: Culture, Law, and Policy in England, 1830–1914
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1990
.
Wilf
Steven.
Imagining Justice: Aesthetics and Public Executions in Late Eighteenth-Century England
.”
Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities
5
, no.
1
(
1993
):
51
78
.
Wilmot
Swithin.
’Females of Abandoned Character?’ Women and Protest in Jamaica, 1838–65
.” In
Engendering History: Caribbean Women in Historical Perspective
, ed. by
Shepherd
Verene
,
Brereton
Bridget
, and
Bailey
Barbara
,
279
95
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
,
1995
.
Wilmot
Swithin.
Not ‘Full Free’: The Ex-Slaves and the Apprenticeship System in Jamaica, 1834–1838
.” Jamaica Journal 17 (
1984
):
2
10
.
Wilmot
Swithin.
Political Developments in Jamaica in the Post Emancipation Period, 1838–1854
.”
D.Phil. diss
.,
Oxford University
,
1977
.
Wood
Betty.
Prisons Workhouses, and the Control of Slave Labour in Low Country Georgia 1763–1815
.”
Slavery and Abolition
8
(
1987
):
247
71
.
Wood
Marcus.
Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America, 1780–1865
.
Manchester
:
Manchester University Press
,
2000
.
World Corporal Punishment Research Archives
(http://www.corpun.com/archive.htm).
Yang
Anand A.
Disciplining ‘Natives’: Prisons and Prisoners in Early Nineteenth Century India
South Asia
10
(
1987
):
29
45
.
Zárate Campos
María Soledad.
Vicious Women, Virtuous Women: The Female Delinquent and the Santiago de Chile Correctional House, 1860–1900
.” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
78
100
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Zedner
Lucia.
Women, Crime, and Custody in Victorian England
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1991
.
Zipf
Karin L.
Reconstructing ‘Free Woman’: African-American Women, Apprenticeship, and Custody Rights during Reconstruction
.”
Journal of Women’s History
12
, no.
1
(
2000
):
8
31
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Banbury
Thomas R.
Jamaica Superstitions; or the Obeah Book. A Complete Treatise of the Absurdities Believed in by the People of the Island
.
Kingston
:
DeSouza
,
1894
.
Baptist Missionary Society
.
Freedom in Jamaica; or the First of August 1838
.
London
:
G. Wightman
,
1838
.
Barclay
Alexander.
A Practical View of the Present State of Slavery in the West Indies; . . . Containing More Particularly an Account of the Actual Condition of the Negroes in Jamaica
.
London
:
Smith, Elder
,
1826
.
Beamont
Gustave de
, and
Tocqueville
Alexis de
.
On the Penitentiary System in the United States and Its Application in France
, trans.
Lieber
Francis
.
Carbon-dale
:
Southern Illinois University Press
,
1964
.
Beccaria
Cesare.
On Crimes and Punishments
” [
1764
].
On Crimes and Punishments and Other Writings
, ed.
Bellamy
Richard.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1995
.
Bentham
Jeremy.
Panopticon; or The Inspection House
.
2
vols.
London
:
T. Payne
,
1791
.
Bickell
Rev. R.
The West Indies as They Are; or a Real Picture of Slavery: but More Particularly as It Exists in the Island of Jamaica
.
London
:
J. Hatchard and Son
,
1825
.
Bleby
Henry.
Death Struggles of Slavery: A Narrative of Facts and Incidents, which Occurred in a British Colony, during the Two Years Immediately Preceding Negro Emancipation
.
London
,
1853
.
Candler
John.
Extracts from the Journal of John Candler Whilst Travelling in Jamaica, Part II
.
London
:
Harvey and Dalton
,
1841
.
Carlyle
James Edward.
Thirty-eight Years’ Mission Life in Jamaica: A Brief Sketch of the Rev. Warrand Carlile, Missionary at Brownsville, by One of His Sons
.
London
:
James Nisbet and Company
,
1884
.
Clark
John.
A Brief Account of the Settlements of the Emancipated Peasantry in the Neighbourhood of Brown’s Town, Jamaica. In a Letter to Joseph Sturge
.
Birmingham
,
1852
.
Clarke
John.
Memorials of Baptist Missionaries in Jamaica, Including a Sketch of the Labours of Early Religious Instructors in Jamaica
.
London
:
Yates and Alexander
,
1869
.
Coleridge
Henry Nelson.
Six Months in the West Indies in 1825
.
London
:
William Tegg
,
1826
.
De La Beche
Henry T.
Notes on the Present Condition of the Negroes in Jamaica
.
London
:
T. Cadell
,
1825
.
Howard
John.
The State of the Prisons in England and Wales, with Preliminary Observations, and an Account of Some Foreign Prisons
.
Warrington
:
William Eyres
,
1777
.
Letter from a Merchant at Jamaica to a Member of Parliament in London Touching the African Trade. To which is Added, a Speech Made by a Black of Gardaloupe [sic], at the Funeral of a Fellow-Negro
.
London
:
A. Baldwin
,
1709
.
Lewis
Mathew.
Journal of a West Indian Proprietor, Kept during a Residence in the Island of Jamaica [1834]
, ed.
Terry
Judith
,
Classics
Oxford World’s
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
London Anti-Slavery Society
.
Punishments Inflicted Under the Apprenticeship System; Extracted from the Appendix to a Report Recently Published by the Committee of the London Anti-Slavery Society, on Negro Apprenticeship, in the British Colonies
.
London
,
1838
.
Long
Edward.
The History of Jamaica, or General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island: With Reflections on Its Situations, Settlements, Inhabitants, Climate, Products, Commerce, Laws, and Government [1774]
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1970
.
McDonald
Roderick A.
, ed.
Between Slavery and Freedom: Special Magistrate John Anderson’s Journal of St.Vincent during the Apprenticeship
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
2001
.
Madden
R. R.
A Twelvemonth’s Residence in the West Indies, during the Transition from Slavery to Apprenticeship
.
Philadelphia
:
Carey, Lea, and Blanchard
,
1835
.
Marly; Or, a Planter’s Life in Jamaica
.
Glasgow
:
Richard Griffin
,
1828
.
Middleditch
Rev. T.
The Youthful Female Missionary: A Memoir of Mary Ann Hutchins, Wife of the Rev. John Hutchins, Baptist Missionary, Savanna-La-Mar, Jamaica; and Daughter of the Rev. T. Middleditch of Ipswich, Compiled Chiefly from Her Own Correspondence, by Her Father
.
London
:
G. Wightman
,
1840
.
Roughley
Thomas.
The Jamaica Planter’s Guide; Or, a System for Planting and Managing a Sugar Estate
.
London
:
Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown
,
1823
.
sipd (Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline)
.
Rules Proposed for the Government of Gaols, Houses of Correction and Penitentiaries
.
London
:
T. Bensley
,
1820
.
Sturge
Joseph.
Horrors of the Negro Apprenticeship System in the British Colonies: As Detailed at the Public Breakfast Given by the Citizens of Birmingham, to Mr. Joseph Sturge, on Returning from His Benevolent Mission to the West Indies, June 6, 1837
.
Edinburgh
,
1837
.
Sturge
Joseph.
and
Harvey
Thomas
.
The West Indies in 1837; Being the Journal of a Visit to Antigua, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados, and Jamaica
.
London
:
Hamilton, Adams
,
1838
.
Thome
James A.
, and
Kimball
J. Horace
Emancipation in the West Indies, A Six Months’ Tour in Antigua, Barbadoes, and Jamaica, in the Year 1837
.
New York
:
American Anti-Slavery Society
,
1838
.
Waddell
Hope Masterton.
Twenty-nine Years in the West Indies and Central Africa: A Review of Missionary Work and Adventure, 1829–1858
[
1863
].
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1970
.
Whiteley
Henry.
Three Months in Jamaica in 1832: Comprising a Residence of Seven Weeks on a Sugar Plantation
.
London
:
Hatchard
,
1833
.
Williams
James.
A Narrative of Events, Since the First of August, 1834, by James Williams, an Apprenticed Labourer in Jamaica [1837]
, ed.
Paton
Diana
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Wright
Philip
, ed.
Lady Nugent’s Journal of Her Residence in Jamaica from 1801 to 1805
[
1839
].
Kingston
:
Institute of Jamaica
,
1966
.
Abel
Richard L.
Western Courts in Non-Western Settings: Patterns of Court Use in Colonial and Neo-Colonial Africa
.” In
The Imposition of Law
, ed. by
Burman
Sandra B.
and
Harrell-Bond
Barbara E.
167
200
.
New York
:
Academic Press
,
1979
.
Abel
Richard L.
, ed.
The Politics of Informal Justice
.
New York
:
Academic Press
,
1992
.
Adamson
Alan H.
Sugar Without Slaves: The Political Economy of British Guiana, 1838–1904
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1972
.
Adamson
Christopher R.
Hard Labor and Solitary Confinement: Effects of the Business Cycle and Labor Supply on Prison Discipline in the United States, 1790–1835
.”
Research in Law, Deviance and Social Control
6
(
1984
):
19
56
.
Adamson
Christopher R.
Punishment after Slavery: Southern State Penal Systems, 1865–1890
.”
Social Problems
30
(
1983
):
555
67
.
Adamson
Christopher R.
Towards a Marxian Penology: Captive Criminal Populations as Economic Threats and Resources
.”
Social Problems
31, no.
4
(
1984
):
435
58
.
Aguirre
Carlos.
Disputed Views of Incarceration in Lima, 1890–1930: The Prisoners’ Agenda for Prison Reform
.” In
Crime and Punishment in Latin America: Law and Society Since Late Colonial Times
, ed. by
Sal-vatore
Ricardo D.
,
Aguirre
Carlos
, and
Joseph
Gilbert M.
342
68
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Aguirre
Carlos.
The Lima Penitentiary and the Modernization of Criminal Justice in Nineteenth-Century Peru
.” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Penal Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
44
77
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Alleyne
Mervyn.
Roots of Jamaican Culture
.
London
:
Pluto Press
,
1988
.
Altink
Henrice.
‘An Outrage on All Decency’: Abolitionist Reactions to Flogging Jamaican Slave Women, 1780–1934
.”
Slavery and Abolition
23
, no.
2
(
2002
):
107
22
.
Altink
Henrice.
Slavery by Another Name: Apprenticed Women in Jamaican Work houses in the Period 1834–1838
.”
Social History
26
, no.
1
(
2001
):
40
59
.
Americas Watch
.
Prison Conditions in Jamaica, May 1990: An Americas Watch Report
.
New York
:
Americas Watch
,
1990
.
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Braeton Inquest—Getting Away with Murder?
.” News Release,
October
4
,
2002
, AI Index: AMR 38/020/2002.
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Braeton Officers Charged—Milestone in Ending Police Impunity
.” Press Release,
November
5
,
2003
, AI Index: AMR 38/020/
2003
.
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Killings and Violence by Police: How Many More Victims?
Amnesty International Report
AI Index: AMR 38/003/2001 (2001).
Amnesty International
. “
Jamaica: Summary of Concerns October 1997
.” Amnesty International Report no. 38/07/97.
Amnesty International
. “
The Killing of the Braeton Seven—A Justice System on Trial
.”
March
13
,
2003
, AI Index: AMR 38/005/2003.
Arnold
David.
The Colonial Prison: Power, Knowledge and Penology in Nineteenth-Century India
.” In
Subaltern Studies VIII: Essays in Honour of Ranajit Guha
, ed. by
Arnold
David
and
Hardiman
David
,
148
87
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Arnold
David.
Gramsci and Peasant Subalternity in India
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
11
(
1984
):
155
77
.
Augier
Roy.
Before and after 1865
.” In
Caribbean Freedom: Economy and Society from Emancipation to the Present
[
1966
], ed. by
Beckles
Hilary
and
Shepherd
Verene
,
170
80
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1993
.
Austin-Broos
Diane J.
Jamaica Genesis: Religion and the Politics of Moral Order
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1997
.
Ayers
Edward L.
Vengeance and Justice: Crime and Punishment in the 19th-Century American South
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1984
.
Bakan
Abigail B.
Ideology and Class Conflict in Jamaica: The Politics of Rebellion
.
Montreal
:
Mc Gill-Queen’s University Press
,
1990
.
Bauer
Raymond A.
and
Bauer
Alice H.
Day-to-Day Resistance to Slavery
.”
Journal of Negro History
27
(
1942
):
388
419
.
Beckles
Hilary McD.
Natural Rebels: A Social History of Enslaved Black Women in Barbados
.
New Brunswick, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1989
.
Beckles
Hilary McD.
Taking Liberties: Enslaved Women and Anti-Slavery in the Caribbean
.” In
Gender and Imperialism
, ed. by
Midgley
Clare
137
57
.
Manchester
:
Manchester University Press
,
1998
.
Beckles
Hilary McD.
and
Shepherd
Verene
ed.
Caribbean Freedom: Economy and Society from Emancipation to the Present
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1993
.
Bender
Thomas
ed.
The Antislavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical Interpretation
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1992
.
Bentley
David.
English Criminal Justice in the Nineteenth Century
.
London
:
Hambledon Press
,
1998
.
Berlin
Ira.
Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1998
.
Berlin
Ira.
The Slaves’ Economy: Independent Production by Slaves in the Americas
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1991
.
Berlin
Ira.
and
Morgan
Philip D.
, eds.
Cultivation and Culture: Labor and the Shaping of Slave Life in the Americas
.
Charlottesville
:
University Press of Virginia
,
1993
.
Blackburn
Robin.
The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern 1492–1800
.
London
:
Verso
,
1997
.
Blackburn
Robin.
The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776–1848
.
London
:
Verso
,
1988
.
Blanchard
Peter.
Slavery and Abolition in Early Republican Peru
.
Wilmington, Del.
:
Scholarly Resources
,
1992
.
Blassingame
John.
The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1972
.
Boa
Sheena.
Discipline, Reform or Punish? Attitudes toward Juvenile Crimes and Misdemeanours in the Post-Emancipation Caribbean, 1838–1888
.” In
Contesting Freedom: Control and Resistance in the Post-emancipation Caribbean
, ed. by
Heuman
Gad
and
Trotman
David V.
London
:
Macmillan Caribbean, forthcoming
.
Bolland
O. Nigel.
The Politics of Freedom in the British Caribbean
.” In
The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery
, ed. by
McGlynn
Frank
and
Drescher
Seymour
113
46
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
1992
.
Bolland
O. Nigel.
Systems of Domination after Slavery: The Control of Land and Labor in the British West Indies after 1838
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
23
(
1981
):
591
619
.
Bolt
Christine.
Victorian Attitudes to Race
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1971
.
Bourdieu
Pierre.
The Force of Law: Toward a Sociology of the Juridical Field
.”
Hastings Law Journal
38
(
1987
):
814
53
.
Boxill
Eileen.
Developments in Family Law Since Emancipation
.”
West Indian Law Journal
9
(
1985
):
9
20
.
Brathwaite
Edward.
The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica, 1770–1820
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1971
.
Brereton
Bridget.
Family Strategies, Gender, and the Shift to Wage Labour in the British Caribbean
.” In
The Colonial Caribbean in Transition: Essays on Postemancipation Social and Cultural History
, ed. by
Brereton
Bridget
and
Yelvington
Kevin A.
,
77
107
.
Kingston
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
1999
.
Brewer
John
, and
Porter
Roy
, eds.
Consumption and the World of Goods
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Brown
Alexandra K.
‘A Black Mark on Our Legislation’: Slavery, Punishment, and the Politics of Death in Nineteenth-Century Brazil
.”
Luso-Brazilian Review
37
, no.
2
(
2000
):
96
121
.
Bryan
Patrick.
The Jamaican People 1880–1902: Race, Class and Social Control
.
London
:
Macmillan Caribbean
,
1991
.
Buckley
Roger Norman.
The British Army in the West Indies: Society and the Military in the Revolutionary Age
.
Gainesville
:
University Press of Florida, and Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press
,
1998
.
Burn
W L.
Emancipation and Apprenticeship in the British West Indies
.
London
:
Jonathan Cape
,
1937
.
Burton
Richard D. E.
Afro-Creole: Power, Opposition, and Play in the Caribbean
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1997
.
Bush
Barbara.
Slave Women in Caribbean Society 1650–1838
.
London
:
James Currey
,
1990
.
Butler
Kathleen Mary.
The Economics of Emancipation: Jamaica and Barbados, 1823–1843
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Buvinic
Mayra
,
Morrison
Andrew
, and
Shifter
Michael
. “
Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Framework for Action
.” Sustainable Development Department, Inter-American Development Bank,
March
1999
.
Buxton
Charles.
Memoirs of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton
.
London
,
1872
.
Cardoso
Ciro Flamarion S.
The Peasant Breach in the Slave System: New Developments in Brazil
.”
Luso-Brazilian Review
25
(
1988
):
49
57
.
Cassidy
F. G.
and
LePage
R. B.
Dictionary of Jamaican English
[
1967
].
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1980
.
Chakrabarty
Dipesh.
Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for ‘Indian’ Pasts?
.”
Representations
37
(
1992
):
1
26
.
Chanock
Martin.
Law, Custom and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia
.
Portsmouth, N.H.
:
Heinemann
,
1998
.
Chatterjee
Partha.
The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Post-Colonial Histories
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1993
.
Chevannes
Barry.
Rastafari: Roots and Ideology
.
Syracuse, N.Y.
:
Syracuse University Press, and Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press
,
1995
.
Chutkan
Noelle.
The Administration of Justice in Jamaica as a Contributing Factor in the Morant Bay Rebellion of 1865
.”
Savacou
11–12
(
1975
):
78
85
.
Clegg
Peter.
The Caribbean Banana Trade: From Colonialism to Globalization
.
Basingstoke
:
Palgrave
,
2002
.
Cohn
Bernard S.
Law and the Colonial State in India
.” In
History and Power in the Study of Law: New Directions in Legal Anthropology
, ed. by
Starr
June
and
Collier
Jane F.
131
52
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1989
.
Comaroff
John L.
Images of Empire, Contests of Conscience: Models of Colonial Domination in South Africa
.”
American Ethnologist
16
, no.
4
(
1989
):
661
85
.
Conrad
Robert Edgar.
The Destruction of Brazilian Slavery, 1850–1888
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1972
.
Conrad
Robert Edgar.
, ed.
Children of God’s Fire: A Documentary History of Black Slavery in Brazil
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1983
.
Cooper
Frederick.
Conflict and Connection: Rethinking Colonial African History
.”
American Historical Review
99
, no.
5
(
1994
):
1516
45
.
Cooper
Frederick.
On the African Waterfront: Urban Disorder and the Transformation of Work in Colonial Mombasa
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1987
.
Coronil
Fernando.
Listening to the Subaltern: The Poetics of Neocolonial States
.”
Poetics Today
15
, no.
4
(
1994
):
643
658
.
Corrigan
Philip.
Feudal Relics or Capitalist Monuments? Notes on the Sociology of Unfree Labour
.”
Sociology
11
(
1977
):
435
463
.
Corrigan
Philip.
and
Sayer
Derek
.
The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1985
.
Crais
Clifton.
Of Men, Magic, and the Law: Popular Justice and the Political Imagination in South Africa
.”
Journal of Social History
32
, no.
1
(
1998
):
49
72
.
Craton
Michael.
Continuity Not Change: The Incidence of Unrest Among Ex-Slaves in the British West Indies, 1838–1876
.” In
Caribbean Freedom: Economy and Society from Emancipation to the Present
, ed. by
Beckles
Hilary
and
Shepherd
Verene
,
192
206
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1993
.
Craton
Michael.
Searching for the Invisible Man: Slaves and Plantation Life in Jamaica
.
Cambridge, Mass
.:
Harvard University Press
,
1978
.
Craton
Michael.
Testing the Chains: Resistance to Slavery in the British West Indies
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1982
.
Craton
Michael.
and
Walvin
James
.
A Jamaican Plantation: The History of Worthy Park 1670–1970
.
London
:
W. H. Allen
,
1970
.
Craven
Paul
, and
Hay
Douglas
. “
The Criminalization of ‘Free’ Labour: Master and Servant in Comparative Perspective
.” In
Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World
, ed. by
Lovejoy
Paul E.
and
Rogers
Nicholas
,
71
101
.
Ilford, Essex
:
Frank Cass
,
1994
.
Craven
Paul
, and
Hay
Douglas
. “
The Criminalization of ‘Free’ Labour: Master and Servant in Comparative Perspective
.” In
Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World
, ed. by
Lovejoy
Paul E.
and
Rogers
Nicholas
,
71
101
.
Ilford, Essex
:
Frank Cass
,
1994
.
Curtin
Philip D.
Two Jamaicas: The Role of Ideas in a Tropical Colony, 1830–1865
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1955
.
Dalby
Jonathan.
Crime and Punishment in Jamaica: A Quantitative Analysis of the Assize Court Records, 1756–1856
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Social History Project, Department of History, University of the West Indies
,
2000
.
Damousi
Joy.
Depraved and Disorderly: Female Convicts, Sexuality and Gender in Colonial Australia
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1997
.
Damousi
Joy.
‘What Punishment Will Be Sufficient for These Rebellious Hussies?’ Headshaving and Convict Women in the Female Factories, 1820s–1840s
.” In
Representing Convicts: New Perspectives on Convict Forced Labour Migration
, ed. by
Duffield
Ian
and
Bradley
James
,
204
14
.
London
:
Leicester University Press
,
1997
.
Davidoff
Leonore
, and
Hall
Catherine
.
Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780–1850
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1987
.
Davis
David Brion.
The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770–1823
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1975
.
Davis
David Brion.
The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1966
.
Davis
Jennifer.
The London Garotting Panic of 1862: A Moral Panic and the Creation of a Criminal Class in Mid-Victorian England
.” In
Crime and the Law: The Social History of Crime in Western Europe since 1500
, ed. by
Gatrell
V. A. C.
,
Lenman
Bruce
, and
Parker
Geoffrey
,
190
213
.
London
:
Europa
,
1980
.
De Barros
Juanita.
Metropolitan Policies and Colonial Practices at the Boys’ Reformatory in British Guiana
.”
Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
30
, no.
2
(
2002
):
1
24
.
Deacon
Harriet
, ed.
The Island: A History of Robben Island, 1488–1990
.
Cape Town
:
David Philip
,
1996
.
Dearden
Stephen.
The E.U. Banana Protocol
.” In
The European Union and the Commonwealth Caribbean
, ed. by
Dearden
Stephen J. H.
,
52
78
.
Aldershot, Hampshire
:
Ashgate
,
2002
.
DeLacy
Margaret.
Prison Reform in Lancashire, 1700–1850: A Study in Local Administration
.
Stanford, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1986
.
Dirks
Robert.
The Black Saturnalia: Conflict and Its Ritual Expression on British West Indian Slave Plantations
.
Gainesville
:
University of Florida Press
,
1987
.
Dodge
L. Mara.
‘One Female Prisoner is of More Trouble than Twenty Males’: Women Convicts in Illinois Prisons, 1835–1896
.”
Journal of Social History
32
, no.
2
(
1999
):
907
30
.
Dore
Elizabeth.
One Step Forward, Two Steps Back: Gender and the State in the Long Nineteenth Century
.” In
Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America
, ed. by
Dore
Elizabeth
and
Maxine
Molyneux
,
3
32
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Dusinberre
William.
Them Dark Days: Slavery in the American Rice Swamps
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1996
.
Edwards
Adolph.
The Development of Criminal Law in Jamaica up to 1900
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
University of London
,
1968
.
Eisner
Gisela.
Jamaica, 1830–1930: A Study in Economic Growth
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1961
.
Emmer
Pieter.
Between Slavery and Freedom: The Period of Apprenticeship in Suriname (Dutch Guiana), 1863–1873
.”
Slavery and Abolition
14
, no.
1
(
1993
):
87
105
.
Eudell
Demetrius L.
The Political Languages of Emancipation in the British Caribbean and the U.S. South
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2002
.
Evans
Robin.
The Fabrication of Virtue: English Prison Architecture, 1750–1840
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1982
.
Favret
Mary A.
Flogging: The Anti-Slavery Movement Writes Pornography
.” In
Essays and Studies 1998: Romanticism and Gender
, ed. by
Janowitz
Anne
,
19
43
.
Cambridge
:
D. S. Brewer
,
1998
.
Ferguson
Moira.
Subject to Others: British Women Writers and Colonial Slavery, 1670–1834
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Foner
Eric.
Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution 1863–1877
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
,
1988
.
Forsythe
William James.
The Reform of Prisoners 1830–1900
.
London
:
Croom Helm
,
1987
.
Foucault
Michel.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
, trans.
Sheridan
Alan
.
London
:
Vintage Books
,
1977
.
Franklin
John Hope
, and
Schweninger
Loren
.
Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Garland
David.
Punishment and Modern Society: A Study in Social Theory
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1990
.
Garland
David.
Punishment and Welfare: A History of Penal Strategies
.
Aldershot, Hampshire
:
Gower
,
1985
.
Gatrell
V. A. C.
The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People, 1770–1868
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Gatrell
V. A. C.
and
Hadden
T. B.
Criminal Statistics and Their Interpretation
.” In
Nineteenth Century Society: Essays in the Use of Quantitative Methods for the Study of Social Data
, ed. by
Wrigley
E. A.
336
96
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1972
.
Geggus
David.
Slavery, War, and Revolution: The British Occupation of Saint-Domingue 1793–1798
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1982
.
Genovese
Eugene D.
Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1972
.
Genovese
Eugene D.
The World the Slaveholders Made: Two Essays in Interpretation [1969]
.
Middletown, Conn.
:
Wesleyan University Press
,
1988
.
Goffman
Erving.
Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates
.
London
:
Penguin
,
1961
.
Goveia
Elsa V.
Slave Society in the British Leeward Islands at the End of the Eighteenth Century
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1965
.
Goveia
Elsa V.
The West Indian Slave Laws of the 18th Century
.
[Bridgetown,] Barbados
:
Caribbean Universities Press
,
1970
.
Gramsci
Antonio.
Selections from the Prison Notebooks
, ed. by
Hoare
Quintin
and
Smith
Geoffrey Nowell
.
London
:
Lawrence and Wishart
,
1971
.
Green
William A.
British Slave Emancipation: The Sugar Colonies and the Great Experiment, 1830–1865
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1976
.
Guha
Ranajit.
Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1983
.
Guha
Ranajit.
The Prose of Counter-Insurgency
.” In
Subaltern Studies II: Writings on South Asian History and Society
, ed. by
Guha
Ranajit
,
1
42
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1983
.
Hadden
Sally E.
Slave Patrols: Law and Violence in Virginia and the Carolinas
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
2001
.
Hall
Catherine.
Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination, 1830–1867
.
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
2002
.
Hall
Catherine.
Competing Masculinities: Thomas Carlyle, John Stuart Mill, and the Case of Governor Eyre
.” In
White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History
,
255
95
.
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
1992
.
Hall
Catherine.
Missionary Stories: Gender and Ethnicity in England in the 1830s and 1840s
.” In
White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History
,
205
54
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
1992
.
Hall
Catherine.
Rethinking Imperial Histories: The Reform Act of 1867
.”
New Left Review
208
(
1994
):
3
29
.
Hall
Catherine.
White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History
.
Cambridge
:
Polity Press
,
1992
.
Hall
Catherine.
White Visions, Black Lives: The Free Villages of Jamaica
.”
History Workshop Journal
36
(
1993
):
100
32
.
Hall
Douglas.
The Apprenticeship Period in Jamaica 1834–1838
.”
Caribbean Quarterly
3
, no.
3
(
1953
):
142
66
.
Hall
Douglas.
Free Jamaica 1838–1865: An Economic History
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1959
.
Harrison
Brian.
A Genealogy of Reform in Modern Britain
.” In
Anti-Slavery, Religion, and Reform: Essays in Memory of Roger Anstey
, ed. by
Bolt
Christine
and
Drescher
Seymour
,
119
48
.
Folkestone, Kent
:
Dawson Archon
,
1980
.
Harrison
Faye V .
The Politics of Social Outlawry in Urban Jamaica
.”
Urban Anthropology
17
(
1988
):
259
77
.
Hartman
Saidiya V.
Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Hay
Douglas.
Property, Authority, and the Criminal Law
.” In
Albion’s Fatal Tree: Crime and Society in Eighteenth-Century England
, ed. by
Hay
Douglas
,
Linebaugh
Peter
,
Rule
John G.
,
Thompson
E. P.
, and
Cal
Winslow
,
17
63
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1975
.
Hay
Douglas.
Prosecution and Power: Malicious Prosecution in the English Courts, 1750–1850
.” In
Policing and Prosecution in Britain 1750–1850
, ed. by
Hay
Douglas
and
Snyder
Francis
,
343
95
. Oxford: Clarendon Press,
1989
.
Hay
Douglas.
and Paul Craven. “
Master and Servant in England and the Empire: A Comparative Study
.”
Labour/Le Travail
31
(
1993
):
175
84
.
Heath
James.
Eighteenth Century Penal Theory
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1963
.
Helg
Aline.
Our Rightful Share: The Afro-Cuban Struggle for Equality, 1886–1912
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Henderson
George E.
Goodness and Mercy: A Tale of a Hundred Years
.
Kingston
:
Gleaner Company
,
1931
.
Henriques
U.
The Rise and Decline of the Separate System of Prison Discipline
Past and Present
54
(
1972
):
61
93
.
Heuman
Gad.
Between Black and White: Race, Politics, and the Free Coloreds in Jamaica, 1792–1865
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1981
.
Heuman
Gad.
“The Killing Time”: The Morant Bay Rebellion in Jamaica
.
London
:
Macmillan Caribbean
,
1994
.
Heuman
Gad.
Riots and Resistance at the Moment of Full Freedom in the Anglo-phone Caribbean
.”
Paper presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians, Havana, Cuba
,
1999
.
Heuman
Gad.
Runaway Slaves in Nineteenth-Century Barbados
.” In
Out of the House of Bondage: Runaways, Resistance and Marronage in Africa and the New World
, ed. by
Heuman
Gad
,
95
111
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1986
.
Higman
Barry W.
The Jamaican Censuses of 1844 and 1861: A New Edition, Derived from the Manuscript and Printed Schedules in the Jamaica Archives
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Social History Project, University of the West Indies
,
1980
.
Higman
Barry W.
Jamaican Port Towns in the Early Nineteenth Century
.” In
Atlantic Port Cities: Economy, Culture and Society in the Atlantic World, 1650–1850
, ed. by
Knight
Franklin W.
and
Liss
Peggy K.
,
117
48
.
Knoxville
:
University of Tennessee Press
,
1991
.
Higman
Barry W.
Slave Population and Economy in Jamaica, 1807–1834
[
1976
].
Kingston
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
1995
.
Hill
Robert.
Leonard P. Howell and Millenarian Visions in Early Rastafari
.”
Jamaica Journal
16
(
1983
):
24
39
.
Hindus
Michael S.
Prison and Plantation: Crime, Justice, and Authority in Massachusetts and South Carolina, 1767–1878
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1980
.
Hinton
John Howard.
Memoir of William Knibb, Missionary in Jamaica
.
London
:
Houlston and Stoneman
,
1847
.
Hirsch
Adam Jay.
The Rise of the Penitentiary: Prisons and Punishment in Early America
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1992
.
Hirsch
Susan F.
, and
Lazarus-Black
Mindie
Introduction: Performance and Paradox: Exploring Law’s Role in Hegemony and Resistance
.” In
Contested States: Law, Hegemony and Resistance
, ed. by
Lazarus-Black
Mindie
and
Hirsch
Susan F.
,
1
31
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Hobsbawm
Eric J.
The Age of Capital, 1848–1875
.
London
:
Weidenfeld and Nicolson
,
1975
.
Hobsbawm
Eric J.
The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848
.
London
:
Weidenfeld and Nicholson
,
1962
.
Hobsbawm
Eric J.
and
Rudé
George
.
Captain Swing: A Social History of the Great English Agricultural Uprising of 1830
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1975
.
Holt
Thomas C.
The Problem of Freedom: Race, Labor, and Politics in Jamaica and Britain, 1832–1938
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1992
.
Hutton
Clinton Alexander.
‘Colour for Colour; Skin for Skin’: The Ideological Foundations of Post-Slavery Society, 1838–1865: The Jamaican Case
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
,
1992
.
Ignatieff
Michael.
A Just Measure of Pain: The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution, 1750–1850
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
1978
.
Ignatieff
Michael.
State, Civil Society, and Total Institutions: A Critique of Recent Social Histories of Punishment
.” In
Social Control and the State: Historical and Comparative Essays
, ed. by
Cohen
Stanley
and
Scull
Andrew
,
75
105
.
Oxford
:
Martin Robertson
,
1983
.
Innes
Joanna.
Prisons for the Poor: English Bridewells, 1555–1800
.” In
Labour, Law, and Crime: An Historical Perspective
, ed. by
Snyder
Frances
and
Hay
Douglas
,
42
122
.
London
:
Tavistock Publications
,
1987
.
James
C. L. R.
The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution
[
1938
], 2nd rev. ed.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1963
.
James
Winston.
A Fierce Hatred of Injustice: Claude McKay’s Jamaica and His Poetry of Rebellion
.
London
:
Verso
,
2000
.
Johnson
Howard.
Patterns of Policing in the Post-Emancipation British Caribbean, 1835–95
.” In
Policing the Empire: Government, Authority and Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Anderson
David M.
and
Killingray
David
,
71
91
.
Manchester
:
Manchester University Press
,
1991
.
Johnson
Walter.
A Nettlesome Classic Turns Twenty-Five (Re-reading Roll Jordan Roll)
.”
Common-Place
1, no.
4
(
2001
), http://www.common-place.org/vol-01/no-04/reviews/johnson.shtml.
Jones
Gareth Stedman.
Outcast London: A Study in the Relation Between Classes in Victorian Society
.
London
:
Pantheon
,
1984
.
Joseph
Gilbert M.
, and
Nugent
Daniel
. “
Popular Culture and State Formation in Revolutionary Mexico
.” In
Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico
, ed. by
Joseph
Gilbert M.
and
Nugent
Daniel
,
3
23
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Kale
Madhavi.
Fragments of Empire: Capital, Slavery, and Indian Indentured Labor Migration in the British Caribbean
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1998
.
Karasch
Mary C.
Slave Life in Rio de Janeiro, 1808–1850
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1987
.
Kolchin
Peter.
Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1987
.
Kopytoff
Barbara K.
Religious Change Among the Jamaican Maroons: The Ascendency of the Christian God within a Traditional Cosmology
.”
Journal of Social History
20
(
1986
–87):
463
84
.
Landau
Norma.
The Justices of the Peace, 1679–1760
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1984
.
Landes
Joan.
Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1988
.
Langbein
John.
Torture and the Law of Proof: Europe and England in the Ancien Regime
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1977
.
Lazarus-Black
Mindie.
John Grant’s Jamaica: Notes Towards a Reassessment of Courts in the Slave Era
.”
Journal of Caribbean History
27, no.
2
(
1993
):
144
59
.
Lazarus-Black
Mindie.
Legitimate Acts and Illegal Encounters: Law and Society in Antigua and Barbuda
.
Washington
:
Smithsonian Institution Press
,
1994
.
Lazarus-Black
Mindie.
Slaves, Masters, and Magistrates: Law and the Politics of Resistance in the British Caribbean, 1736–1834
.” In
Contested States: Law, Hegemony, and Resistance
, ed. by
Lazarus-Black
Mindie
and
Hirsch
Susan F.
,
252
80
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Leps
Marie-Christine.
Apprehending the Criminal: The Production of Deviance in Nineteenth-Century Discourse
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1992
.
Lichtenstein
Alex.
That Disposition to Theft, with which They Have Been Branded: Moral Economy, Slave Management and the Law
.”
Journal of Social History
21
(
1987
–88):
413
40
.
Lichtenstein
Alex.
Twice the Work of Free Labor: The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South
.
London
:
Verso
,
1996
.
Linebaugh
Peter.
The London Hanged: Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1992
.
Liss
Peggy K.
Atlantic Empires: The Network of Trade and Revolution, 1713–1826
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1983
.
Lynch
John
, ed.
Latin American Revolutions, 1808–1826: Old and New World Origins
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
,
1994
. Mallon, Florencia. Peasant and Nation: The Making of Postcolonial Mexico and Peru. Berkeley: University of California Press,
1995
.
Lynch
John
ed.
Latin American Revolutions, 1808–1826: Old and New World Origins
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
,
1994
.
Mallon
Florencia.
Peasant and Nation: The Making of Postcolonial Mexico and Peru
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Mallon
Florencia.
The Promise and Dilemma of Subaltern Studies: Perspectives from Latin American History
.”
American Historical Review
99
, no.
5
(
1994
):
1491
1515
.
Manderson-Jones
Marlene.
Richard Hill of Jamaica: His Life and Times, 1795–1872
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
1973
.
Mandler
Peter.
Aristocratic Government in the Age of Reform: Whigs and Liberals, 1830–1852
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1990
.
Marsala
Vincent John.
Sir John Peter Grant, Governor of Jamaica, 1866–1874: An Administrative History
.
Kingston
:
Institute of Jamaica
,
1972
.
Marshall
W. K.
Apprenticeship and Labour Relations in Four Windward Islands
.” In
Abolition and Its Aftermath: The Historical Context, 1790–1916
, ed. by
Richardson
David
,
203
24
.
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1985
.
Marshall
W. K.
The Termination of the Apprenticeship in Barbados and the Wind ward Islands: An Essay in Colonial Administration and Politics
.”
Journal of Caribbean History
2
(
1971
):
1
45
.
McClelland
Keith.
Rational and Respectable Men: Gender, the Working Class, and Citizenship in Britain, 1850–1867
.” In
Gender and Class in Modern Europe
, ed. by
Frader
Laura L.
and
Rose
Sonya O.
,
280
93
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1996
.
McClelland
Keith.
Some Thoughts on Masculinity and the ‘Representative Artisan’ in Britain, 1850–1880
.”
Gender and History
1
(
1989
):
164
77
.
McConville
Sean.
A History of English Prison Administration
, Vol.
1
:
1750
1877
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1981
.
McDonald
Roderick A.
The Economy and Material Culture of Slaves: Goods and Chattels on the Sugar Plantations of Jamaica and Louisiana
.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1993
.
McGlynn
Frank
, and
Drescher
Seymour
, eds.
The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
1992
.
McGowen
Randall.
Power and Humanity, or Foucault Among the Historians
.” In
Reassessing Foucault: Power, Medicine and the Body
, ed. by
Jones
Colin
and
Porter
Roy
,
91
112
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
McKay
Claude.
My Green Hills of Jamaica
.
Kingston
:
Heinemann Educational Books (Caribbean)
,
1979
.
McKendrick
Neil
,
Brewer
John
, and
Plumb
J. H.
, eds.
The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1985
.
Meeks
Brian.
Narratives of Resistance: Jamaica, Trinidad, the Caribbean
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
2000
.
Meeks
Brian.
The Political Moment in Jamaica: The Dimensions of Hegemonic Dissolution
.” In
Radical Caribbean: From Black Power to Abu Bakr
,
124
43
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
University of the West Indies Press
,
1996
.
Melossi
Dario
, and
Pavarini
Massimo
.
The Prison and the Factory: Origins of the Penitentiary System
, trans.
Cousin
Glynis
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
1981
.
Meranze
Michael.
Laboratories of Virtue: Punishment, Revolution, and the Transformation of Authority in Philadelphia, 1760–1835
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Midgley
Clare.
Women Against Slavery: The British Campaigns, 1780–1870
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Mintz
Sidney W.
Caribbean Transformations
[
1974
].
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1984
.
Mintz
Sidney W.
Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1985
.
Mintz
Sidney W.
and
Hall
Douglas
. “
The Origins of the Jamaican Internal Market System
.” In
Papers in Caribbean Anthropology
, ed. by
Mintz
Sidney W.
,
3
26
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Publications in Anthropology nos. 57–64
,
1960
.
Moitt
Bernard.
Women and Slavery in the French Antilles, 1635–1848
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2001
.
Montgomery
David.
Citizen Worker: The Experience of Workers in the United States with Democracy and the Free Market during the Nineteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Moore
Barrington.
Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy
[
1966
].
London
:
Peregrine
,
1977
.
Moore
Brian L.
Race, Power, and Social Segmentation in Colonial Society: Guyana after Slavery 1838–1891
.
New York
:
Gordon and Breach Science Publishers
,
1987
.
Morrissey
Marietta.
Slave Women in the New World: Gender Stratification in the Caribbean
.
Lawrence
:
University Press of Kansas
,
1989
.
Mullin
Michael.
Africa in America: Slave Acculturation and Resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736–1831
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1992
.
Murray
David J.
The West Indies and the Development of Colonial Government 1801–1834
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1965
.
Myers
Martha A.
Race, Labor, and Punishment in the New South
.
Columbus
:
Ohio State University Press
,
1998
.
Newbould
Ian.
Whiggery and Reform, 1830–41: The Politics of Government
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
1990
.
Newton
Melanie Jean.
The Children of Africa in the Colonies: Free People of Colour in Barbados during the Emancipation Era, 1816–1854
.”
D.Phil. diss
.,
University of Oxford
,
2001
.
O’Brien
Patricia.
The Promise of Punishment: Prisons in Nineteenth Century France
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1982
.
O’Hanlon
Rosalind.
Recovering the Subject: Subaltern Studies and Histories of Resistance in Colonial South Asia
.”
Modern Asian Studies
22
, no.
1
(
1988
):
189
224
.
Oldfield
J. R.
Popular Politics and British Anti-Slavery: The Mobilisation of Public Opinion against the Slave Trade 1787–1807
[
1995
].
London
:
Frank Cass
,
1998
.
Ortner
Sherry.
Resistance and the Problem of Ethnographic Refusal
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
37
(
1995
):
173
93
.
Oshinsky
David M.
Worse Than Slavery
”:
Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Pago
Gilbert.
Les Femmes et la liquidation du système esclavagiste à la Martinique 1848–1852
.
Guadeloupe
:
Ibis Rouge
,
1998
.
Palmer
Stanley H.
Police and Protest in England and Ireland, 1780–1850
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1988
.
Palmer
Stanley H.
Police and Protest in England and Ireland, 1780–1850
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1988
.
Pan American Health Organization
. “
Statistics on Homicides, Suicides, Accidents, Injuries, and Attitudes towards Violence
.”
Pashukanis
Evgeny B.
Law and Marxism: A General Theory: Towards a Critique of the Fundamental Juridical Concepts
[
1924
], trans.
Einhorn
Barbara
.
London
:
Ink Links
,
1978
.
Pateman
Carole.
The Sexual Contract
.
Stanford, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1988
.
Paton
Diana.
Decency, Dependence, and the Lash: Gender and the British Debate over Slave Emancipation, 1830–1834
.”
Slavery and Abolition
17
(
1996
):
162
84
.
Paton
Diana.
The Flight from the Fields Reconsidered: Gender Ideologies and Women’s Labor after Slavery in Jamaica
.” In
Reclaiming the Political in Latin American History: Essays from the North
, ed.
Joseph
Gilbert M.
,
175
204
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Paton
Diana.
‘An Injurious Population’: Race and Slavery in the Transportation of West Indian Convicts
.”
Paper presented at the conference Colonial Places, Convict Spaces
: Penal Transportation in Global Context, c.
1600
1940
,
University of Leicester
,
December 1999
.
Paton
Diana.
No Bond but the Law: Punishment and Justice in Jamaica’s Age of Emancipation, 1780–1870
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
Yale University, New Haven
,
1999
.
Paton
Diana.
Punishment, Crime, and the Bodies of Slaves in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica
.”
Journal of Social History
34
, no.
4
(
2001
):
923
54
.
Patterson
Orlando.
Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1982
.
Patterson
Orlando.
The Sociology of Slavery: An Analysis of the Origins, Development and Structure of Negro Slave Society in Jamaica
.
London
:
Macgibbon and Kee
,
1967
.
Pattullo
Polly.
Last Resorts: The Cost of Tourism in the Caribbean
.
Kingston
:
Ian Randle Publishers
,
1996
.
Perkin
Harold.
The Origin of Modern English Society 1780–1880
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1972
.
Philips
David.
Crime and Authority in Victorian England: The Black Country, 1835–1860
.
London
:
Croom Helm
,
1977
.
Philips
David.
‘A New Engine of Power and Authority’: The Institutionalization of Law-Enforcement in England 1780–1830
.” In
Crime and the Law: The Social History of Crime in Western Europe since 1500
, ed. by
Gatrell
V. A. C.
,
Lenman
Bruce
, and
Parker
Geoffrey
,
155
89
.
London
:
Europa Publications
,
1980
.
Philips
Ulrich B.
American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Regime
[
1918
].
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1966
.
Prakash
Gyan.
Subaltern Studies as Postcolonial Criticism
.”
American Historical Review 99
, no.
5
(
1994
):
1475
–90.
Price
Richard
ed.
Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas
.
Garden City, N.Y.
:
Anchor Books
,
1973
.
Rafter
Nicole Hahn.
Partial Justice: Women, Prisons, and Social Control
, 2nd ed.
New Brunswick N.J.
:
Transaction Publishers
,
1990
.
Rao
Anupama
, and
Pierce
Steven
, eds.
Discipline and the Other Body
. Special issue of
Interventions
3
, no.
2
(
2001
).
Rao
Anupama
and
Pierce
Steven
eds. “
Discipline and the Other Body: Correction, Corporeality, and Colonial Rule
.”
Interventions
3
, no.
2
(
2001
):
159
68
.
Robertson
Glory.
Members of the Assembly of Jamaica from the General Election of 1830 to the Final Session January 1866
.”
Unpublished typescript in the University of the West Indies Library, Mona, Jamaica
.
Robotham
Don.
“The Notorious Riot”: The Socio-Economic and Political Base of Paul Bogle’s Revolt
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies
,
1981
.
Rogers
Nicholas.
Vagrancy, Impressment and the Regulation of Labour in Eighteenth-Century Britain
.” In
Unfree Labour in the Development of the Atlantic World
, ed. by
Lovejoy
Paul E.
and
Rogers
Nicholas
,
102
13
.
Ilford, Essex
:
Frank Cass
,
1994
.
Roseberry
William.
Hegemony and the Language of Contention
.” In
Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico
, ed. by
Joseph
Gilbert M.
and
Nugent
Daniel
,
355
66
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Rothman
David J.
The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic
[
1971
], rev. ed.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
,
1990
.
Rusche
Georg
, and
Kirchheimer
Otto
.
Punishment and Social Structure
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1939
.
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
Penitentiaries, Visions of Class, and Export Economies: Brazil and Argentina Compared
” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
194
223
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Toward an Interpretive Social History of Prisons
.” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
1
43
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
, eds.
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America, 1840–1940
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Santiago-Valles
Kelvin A.
‘Forcing Them to Work and Punishing Whoever Resisted’: Servile Labor and Penal Servitude Under Colonialism in Nineteenth-Century Puerto Rico
.” In The
Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
123
68
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Santiago-Valles
Kelvin A.
“Subject People” and Colonial Discourses: Economic Transformation and Social Disorder in Puerto Rico, 1898–1947
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1994
.
Sarkar
Sumit.
The Decline of the Subaltern in Subaltern Studies
.” In
Mapping Subaltern Studies and the Postcolonial
, ed. by
Chaturvedi
Vinayak
,
300
323
.
London
:
Verso and New Left Review
,
2000
.
Satchell
Veront M.
From Plots to Plantations: Land Transactions in Jamaica, 1866–1900
.
Mona, Jamaica
:
Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies
,
1990
.
Saville
Julie.
The Work of Reconstruction: From Slave to Wage Laborer in South Carolina, 1860–1870
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1994
.
Scarry
Elaine.
The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1985
.
Schuler
Monica.
“Alas, Alas, Kongo”: A Social History of Indentured African Immigration into Jamaica, 1841–1865
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1980
.
Schwalm
Leslie A.
“A Hard Fight for We”: Women’s Transition from Slavery to Freedom in South Carolina
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1997
.
Schwartz
Stuart.
Peasants and Slavery: Feeding Brazil in the Late Colonial Period
.” In
Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery
,
65
101
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1992
.
Scott
David.
Refashioning Futures: Criticism after Postcoloniality
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Scott
David.
‘Wi a di Govament’: An Interview with Anthony B
.”
Small Axe
2
(
1997
):
79
101
.
Scott
James C.
Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1990
.
Scott
James C.
Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
13
(
1986
):
5
35
.
Scott
James C.
Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1985
.
Scott
Julius Sherrard
, III. “
The Common Wind: Currents of Afro-American Communication in the Era of the Haitian Revolution
.”
Ph.D. diss
.,
Duke University, Durham, N.C
.,
1986
.
Scott
Rebecca.
The Battle over the Child: Child Apprenticeship and the Freed-men’s Bureau in North Carolina
.”
Prologue
10
(
1978
):
101
13
.
Scott
Rebecca.
Slave Emancipation in Cuba: The Transition to Free Labor, 1860–1899
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1985
.
Scully
Pamela.
Liberating the Family? Gender and British Slave Emancipation in the Rural Western Cape, South Africa, 1823–1853
.
Portsmouth, N.H.
:
Heinemann
,
1997
.
Sen
Satadru.
Disciplining Punishment: Colonialism and Convict Society in the Andaman Islands
.
Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Sheller
Mimi.
Consuming the Caribbean: From Arawaks to Zombies
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2003
.
Sheller
Mimi.
Democracy after Slavery: Black Publics and Peasant Radicalism in Haiti and Jamaica
.
London
:
Macmillan
,
2000
.
Sheller
Mimi.
Quasheba, Mother, Queen: Black Women’s Public Leadership and Political Protest in Post-emancipation Jamaica, 1834–65
.”
Slavery and Abolition
19
(
1998
):
90
117
.
Shelton
Robert S.
A Modified Crime: The Apprenticeship System in St. Kitts
.”
Slavery and Abolition
16
, no.
3
(
1995
):
331
45
.
Shepherd
Verene A.
Transients to Settlers: The Experience of Indians in Jamaica 1845–1950
.
Leeds
:
Peepal Tree Books
,
1994
.
Simon
Daphne.
Master and Servant
.” In
Democracy and the Labour Movement: Essays in Honour of Dona Torr
, ed. by
Saville
John
,
160
200
.
London
:
Lawrence and Wishart
,
1954
.
Smith
Faith.
Preface to Special Issue on Genders and Sexualities
.”
Small Axe
7
(
2000
):
v
vii
.
Smith
Raymond T.
Race Class and Gender in the Transition to Freedom
.” In
The Meaning of Freedom: Economics, Politics, and Culture after Slavery
, ed. by
McGlynn
Frank
and
Drescher
Seymour
,
257
90
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
1992
.
Snyder
Francis G.
Colonialism and Legal Form: The Creation of ‘Customary Law’ in Senegal
.”
Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law
9
(
1981
):
49
90
.
Sobo
Elisa J.
Menstrual Taboos Witchcraft Babies and Social Relations: Women’s Health Traditions in Rural Jamaica
.” In
Daughters of Caliban: Caribbean Women in the Twentieth Century
, ed. by
López
Consuelo
Springfield,
143
70
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1997
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
The Body and the State: Early Modern Europe
.” In
The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society
, ed. by
Morris
Norval
and
Rothman
David J.
,
44
70
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1995
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
From Amsterdam to Auburn: An Explanation for the Rise of the Prison in Seventeenth-Century Holland and Nineteenth-Century America
.”
Journal of Social History
(
1987
):
439
61
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
The Sociogenesis of Confinement and Its Development in Early Modern Europe
.” In
The Emergence of Carceral Institutions: Prisons, Galleys and Lunatic Asylums, 1550–1900
, ed. by
Spierenburg
Pieter
,
9
77
.
Rotterdam
:
Centrum Voor Maatschappij Aeschiedenis, Erasmus University
,
1984
.
Spierenburg
Pieter.
The Spectacle of Suffering: Executions and the Evolution of Repression
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1984
.
Spivak
Gayatri Chakravorty.
Can the Subaltern Speak?
” In
Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory
, ed. by
Williams
Patrick
and
Chrisman
Laura
,
66
111
.
New York
:
Harvester Wheatsheaf
,
1993
.
Stanley
Amy Dru.
Conjugal Bonds and Wage Labour: Rights of Contract in the Age of Emancipation
.”
Journal of American History
75
(
1988
):
471
500
.
Steinfeld
Robert J.
Coercion, Contract, and Free Labor in the Nineteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2001
.
Steinfeld
Robert J.
The Invention of Free Labor: The Employment Relation in English and American Law and Culture, 1350–1870
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1991
.
Stern
Steve J.
Peru’s Indian Peoples and the Challenge of Spanish Conquest: Huamanga to 1640
[
1982
].
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1993
.
Stewart
Robert J.
Religion and Society in Post-Emancipation Jamaica
.
Knoxville
:
University of Tennessee Press
,
1992
.
Stinchcombe
Arthur L.
Sugar Island Slavery in the Age of Enlightenment: The Political Economy of the Caribbean World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Stoler
Ann L.
Making Empire Respectable: The Politics of Race and Sexual Morality in 20th-Century Colonial Cultures
.”
American Ethnologist
16
, no.
4
(
1989
):
634
69
.
Stoler
Ann L.
Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1995
.
Stone
Carl.
The Political Opinions of the Jamaican People (1976–1981)
.
Kingston
:
Blackett
,
1982
.
Thompson
E. P.
Time Work-Discipline and Industrial Capitalism
.” In
Customs in Common: Studies in Traditional Popular Culture
,
352
403
.
New York
:
The New Press
,
1993
.
Thornton
John.
Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400–1680
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Tomich
Dale W.
Slavery in the Circuit of Sugar: Martinique and the World Economy, 1830–1848
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1990
.
Trotman
David Vincent.
Crime in Trinidad: Conflict and Control in a Plantation Society, 1838–1900
.
Knoxville
:
University of Tennessee Press
,
1986
.
Trouillot
Michel-Rolph.
Peasants and Capital: Dominica in the World Economy
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1988
.
Tucker
Leonard.
“Glorious Liberty”: The Story of a Hundred Years’ Work of the Jamaica Baptist Mission
.
London
:
Baptist Missionary Society
,
1914
.
Turley
David.
The Culture of English Antislavery, 1780–1860
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Turner
Mary.
The 11 O’clock Flog: Women Work and Labour Law in the British Caribbean
.”
Slavery and Abolition
20
(
1999
):
38
58
.
Turley
David.
Slaves and Missionaries: The Disintegration of Jamaican Slave Society, 1787–1834
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1982
.
Turley
David.
, ed.
From Chattel Slaves to Wage Slaves: The Dynamics of Labour Bargaining in the Americas
.
London
:
James Currey
,
1995
.
Van Deburg
William L.
The Slave Drivers: Black Agricultural Labor Supervisors in the Antebellum South
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1979
.
Viotti da Costa
Emilia.
The Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1985
.
Viotti da Costa
Emilia.
Crowns of Glory, Tears of Blood: The Demerara Slave Rebellion of 1823
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Walker
Charles F.
Crime in the Time of the Great Fear: Indians and the State in the Peruvian Southern Andes, 1780–1820
.” In
Crime and Punishment in Latin America: Law and Society Since Late Colonial Times
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
,
Aguirre
Carlos
, and
Joseph
Gilbert M.
,
35
55
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Walvin
James.
Black Ivory: A History of British Slavery
.
London
:
Fontana Press
,
1993
.
Ward
J. R.
British West Indian Slavery, 1750–1834: The Process of Amelioration
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1988
.
White
Deborah Gray.
Ar’n’t I a Woman? Female Slaves in the Plantation South
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1985
.
White
Shane.
Somewhat More Independent: The End of Slavery in New York City, 1770–1810
.
Athens
:
University of Georgia Press
,
1991
.
White
Shane.
and
White
Graham
. “
Slave Hair and African American Culture in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
.”
Journal of Southern History
61
, no.
1
(
1995
):
45
76
.
Wiener
Martin J.
Reconstructing the Criminal: Culture, Law, and Policy in England, 1830–1914
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1990
.
Wilf
Steven.
Imagining Justice: Aesthetics and Public Executions in Late Eighteenth-Century England
.”
Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities
5
, no.
1
(
1993
):
51
78
.
Wilmot
Swithin.
’Females of Abandoned Character?’ Women and Protest in Jamaica, 1838–65
.” In
Engendering History: Caribbean Women in Historical Perspective
, ed. by
Shepherd
Verene
,
Brereton
Bridget
, and
Bailey
Barbara
,
279
95
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
,
1995
.
Wilmot
Swithin.
Not ‘Full Free’: The Ex-Slaves and the Apprenticeship System in Jamaica, 1834–1838
.” Jamaica Journal 17 (
1984
):
2
10
.
Wilmot
Swithin.
Political Developments in Jamaica in the Post Emancipation Period, 1838–1854
.”
D.Phil. diss
.,
Oxford University
,
1977
.
Wood
Betty.
Prisons Workhouses, and the Control of Slave Labour in Low Country Georgia 1763–1815
.”
Slavery and Abolition
8
(
1987
):
247
71
.
Wood
Marcus.
Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America, 1780–1865
.
Manchester
:
Manchester University Press
,
2000
.
World Corporal Punishment Research Archives
(http://www.corpun.com/archive.htm).
Yang
Anand A.
Disciplining ‘Natives’: Prisons and Prisoners in Early Nineteenth Century India
South Asia
10
(
1987
):
29
45
.
Zárate Campos
María Soledad.
Vicious Women, Virtuous Women: The Female Delinquent and the Santiago de Chile Correctional House, 1860–1900
.” In
The Birth of the Penitentiary in Latin America: Essays on Criminology, Prison Reform, and Social Control, 1830–1940
, ed. by
Salvatore
Ricardo D.
and
Aguirre
Carlos
,
78
100
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1996
.
Zedner
Lucia.
Women, Crime, and Custody in Victorian England
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1991
.
Zipf
Karin L.
Reconstructing ‘Free Woman’: African-American Women, Apprenticeship, and Custody Rights during Reconstruction
.”
Journal of Women’s History
12
, no.
1
(
2000
):
8
31
.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal