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References Cited

References Cited
Interviews by the Author

This is a partial list of interviewees. In some cases, interviewees asked not to be identified. In other cases, the identities of interviewees have been concealed in order to protect their safety. There are also a large number of people with whom I spoke repeatedly at the School of the Americas and in Bolivia, Colombia, Honduras, Columbus, Georgia, and Washington, D.C., but never formally interviewed. I have not included their names, as our exchanges took place during the activities in which I participated over the course of the research period. Persons are listed with the date and place that the interviews took place. All interviews were tape recorded unless noted otherwise.

SOA Officials

Bennett, Colonel Tom. 11 February 2000. School of the Americas. Not tape recorded.

DePalo, Colonel William (ret.). Commandant, January 1989–May 1991. 29 March 2001. Telephone interview.

Feliciano, Colonel José (ret.). Commandant, March 1991–March 1993. 9 November 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Himes, Colonel Cecil (ret.). Commandant, July 1958–July 1964. 10 November 1999. Birmingham, Alabama.

Leur, Joseph. 28 September 1999. School of the Americas. Not tape recorded.

Loomis, Major Coredon, Jr. (ret.). Former instructor, public affairs officer, head of host family program. 11 November 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Ruff, Lieutenant Colonel George. Director, SOA Department of Joint and Combined Operations. 11 February 2000. School of the Americas.

Santamaria, Walter. Translator. 9 February 2000. School of the Americas. Sierra, Colonel Michael (ret.). Commandant, June 1984–October 1985. 6 April 2001. Fairfax, Virginia.

Trumble, Colonel Roy. Commandant, January 1995–July 1998. 8 November 1999. School of the Americas.

Weidner, Colonel Glen. Commandant, July 1998–January 2001. 29 September 1999 and 19 June 2000. School of the Americas.

Graduates of the Command and General Staff Officers Course
Bolivia

Calderón Terán, Colonel Fernando. 28 October 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Castellanos, General Ciro. 12 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Chulup Liendo, Colonel Guillermo. 19 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Delfin Mesa, Colonel Carlos. 19 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

de la Fuente, Lieutenant Colonel Ramiro. 11 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

García Rubin de Célis, General Victor. 12 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Pacello Aguirre, Lieutenant Colonel Oscar. 11 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Rojas, Lieutenant Colonel César. 13 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Sandoval Espinoza, Lieutenant Colonel Gustavo. 18 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Viduarre Noriega, Colonel Miguel. 19 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Colombia

Arévalo García, Colonel Joaquín. 13 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Arteaga Arteaga, Major General Alfonso. 16 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Cáseres Carvajal, Rear Admiral Julio César. 14 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Delgado Caldas, Brigadier General Sigifredo (ret.). 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Flores Jiménez, Colonel Florentino. 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

González Herrera, Major General Alberto. 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Ospina Galvis, Lieutenant Colonel Gustavo. 13 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Peña Porras, Lieutenant Colonel Héctor. 14 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Samaca Rodríguez, Colonel Héctor Julio. 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Sánchez Vargas, Major General Euclides. 13 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Urbina Sánchez, Brigadier General Luis Bernardo (ret.). 16 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Honduras

Arias Rodríguez, Colonel Juan (ret.). 31 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Banegas Medina, General José de Jesus (ret.) May 30, 2001 Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Bonilla Blanco, Colonel Rodolfo. 31 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Díaz Zelaya, Lieutenant Colonel Fredy. 30 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Estrada, Colonel Raúl. 1 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Garcia Turcios, Colonel Abraham. 1 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Maldonaldo, Colonel Luis A. 31 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Maradiaga, Captain René. 1 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Pineda Sagastume, Colonel René. 30 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Romero, General álvaro (ret.). 5 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Rosales Abella, Brigadier General Marco Antonio (ret.). 5 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Valencia García, Colonel Rolando (ret.). 4 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Zelaya Reyes, Colonel Omar (ret.). 29 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

United States

Rodríguez, Lieutenant Colonel Rand. U.S. Military Group, La Paz, Bolivia. 10 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Anti-SOA Activists

Bourgois, Father Roy. 20 September 1999. Repeated follow-up interviews, 2000–2002. Columbus, Georgia. Not tape recorded.

Liteky, Charlie. 20 September 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Little, Ken. 19 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Lowe, Kate. 13 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Panetta, Linda. 29 May 2002. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Not tape recorded. Reinbold, Leone. 20 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Richardson, Carol. 15 April 1998. Washington, D.C.

Taylor, Gail. 24 June 2001. Washington, D.C. Not tape recorded.

Triggs, Bruce. 19 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Wenders, Jeff. 24 June 2001. Washington, D.C. Not tape recorded.

Miscellaneous

Collins, Ron and Carol. SOA host family. 12 November 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Cruz, Andrea. Director, Southeast Georgia Community Project. 17 November 2000. Lyons, Georgia.

Díaz Versón, Salvador. SOA support group. 16 February 2000. Columbus, Georgia.

Durán, Margarita. Leader, Bolivian coca growers. 17 June 2001. Chimoré, Bolivia.

Huanca, Casimiro. Leader, Coca Growers’ Federation of Chimoré. 16 June 2001. Chimoré, Bolivia.

Gorman, General Paul (ret.). Commander, SOUTHCOM, 1983–85. 18 October 2000. Arlington, Virginia.

Laime, René. Director, Radio Soberanía. 17 June 2001. Chipiriri, Bolivia.

Morales, Evo. National Leader, Bolivian coca growers and MAS political party. 16 June 2001. Villa Tunari, Bolivia.

Rutledge, Olivia. Principal, Spencer High School. 17 November 2000. Columbus, Georgia.

Woerner, General Fred (ret.). Commander, SOUTHCOM, 1987–89. 11 November 2000. Alexandria, Virginia.

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Figures & Tables

Contents

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References

References Cited

References Cited
Interviews by the Author

This is a partial list of interviewees. In some cases, interviewees asked not to be identified. In other cases, the identities of interviewees have been concealed in order to protect their safety. There are also a large number of people with whom I spoke repeatedly at the School of the Americas and in Bolivia, Colombia, Honduras, Columbus, Georgia, and Washington, D.C., but never formally interviewed. I have not included their names, as our exchanges took place during the activities in which I participated over the course of the research period. Persons are listed with the date and place that the interviews took place. All interviews were tape recorded unless noted otherwise.

SOA Officials

Bennett, Colonel Tom. 11 February 2000. School of the Americas. Not tape recorded.

DePalo, Colonel William (ret.). Commandant, January 1989–May 1991. 29 March 2001. Telephone interview.

Feliciano, Colonel José (ret.). Commandant, March 1991–March 1993. 9 November 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Himes, Colonel Cecil (ret.). Commandant, July 1958–July 1964. 10 November 1999. Birmingham, Alabama.

Leur, Joseph. 28 September 1999. School of the Americas. Not tape recorded.

Loomis, Major Coredon, Jr. (ret.). Former instructor, public affairs officer, head of host family program. 11 November 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Ruff, Lieutenant Colonel George. Director, SOA Department of Joint and Combined Operations. 11 February 2000. School of the Americas.

Santamaria, Walter. Translator. 9 February 2000. School of the Americas. Sierra, Colonel Michael (ret.). Commandant, June 1984–October 1985. 6 April 2001. Fairfax, Virginia.

Trumble, Colonel Roy. Commandant, January 1995–July 1998. 8 November 1999. School of the Americas.

Weidner, Colonel Glen. Commandant, July 1998–January 2001. 29 September 1999 and 19 June 2000. School of the Americas.

Graduates of the Command and General Staff Officers Course
Bolivia

Calderón Terán, Colonel Fernando. 28 October 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Castellanos, General Ciro. 12 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Chulup Liendo, Colonel Guillermo. 19 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Delfin Mesa, Colonel Carlos. 19 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

de la Fuente, Lieutenant Colonel Ramiro. 11 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

García Rubin de Célis, General Victor. 12 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Pacello Aguirre, Lieutenant Colonel Oscar. 11 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Rojas, Lieutenant Colonel César. 13 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Sandoval Espinoza, Lieutenant Colonel Gustavo. 18 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Viduarre Noriega, Colonel Miguel. 19 June 2001. Cochabamba, Bolivia.

Colombia

Arévalo García, Colonel Joaquín. 13 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Arteaga Arteaga, Major General Alfonso. 16 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Cáseres Carvajal, Rear Admiral Julio César. 14 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Delgado Caldas, Brigadier General Sigifredo (ret.). 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Flores Jiménez, Colonel Florentino. 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

González Herrera, Major General Alberto. 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Ospina Galvis, Lieutenant Colonel Gustavo. 13 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Peña Porras, Lieutenant Colonel Héctor. 14 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Samaca Rodríguez, Colonel Héctor Julio. 15 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Sánchez Vargas, Major General Euclides. 13 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Urbina Sánchez, Brigadier General Luis Bernardo (ret.). 16 August 2001. Bogotá, Colombia.

Honduras

Arias Rodríguez, Colonel Juan (ret.). 31 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Banegas Medina, General José de Jesus (ret.) May 30, 2001 Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Bonilla Blanco, Colonel Rodolfo. 31 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Díaz Zelaya, Lieutenant Colonel Fredy. 30 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Estrada, Colonel Raúl. 1 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Garcia Turcios, Colonel Abraham. 1 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Maldonaldo, Colonel Luis A. 31 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Maradiaga, Captain René. 1 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Pineda Sagastume, Colonel René. 30 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Romero, General álvaro (ret.). 5 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Rosales Abella, Brigadier General Marco Antonio (ret.). 5 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Valencia García, Colonel Rolando (ret.). 4 June 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Zelaya Reyes, Colonel Omar (ret.). 29 May 2001. Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

United States

Rodríguez, Lieutenant Colonel Rand. U.S. Military Group, La Paz, Bolivia. 10 June 2001. La Paz, Bolivia.

Anti-SOA Activists

Bourgois, Father Roy. 20 September 1999. Repeated follow-up interviews, 2000–2002. Columbus, Georgia. Not tape recorded.

Liteky, Charlie. 20 September 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Little, Ken. 19 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Lowe, Kate. 13 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Panetta, Linda. 29 May 2002. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Not tape recorded. Reinbold, Leone. 20 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Richardson, Carol. 15 April 1998. Washington, D.C.

Taylor, Gail. 24 June 2001. Washington, D.C. Not tape recorded.

Triggs, Bruce. 19 June 2002. Telephone interview. Not tape recorded.

Wenders, Jeff. 24 June 2001. Washington, D.C. Not tape recorded.

Miscellaneous

Collins, Ron and Carol. SOA host family. 12 November 1999. Columbus, Georgia.

Cruz, Andrea. Director, Southeast Georgia Community Project. 17 November 2000. Lyons, Georgia.

Díaz Versón, Salvador. SOA support group. 16 February 2000. Columbus, Georgia.

Durán, Margarita. Leader, Bolivian coca growers. 17 June 2001. Chimoré, Bolivia.

Huanca, Casimiro. Leader, Coca Growers’ Federation of Chimoré. 16 June 2001. Chimoré, Bolivia.

Gorman, General Paul (ret.). Commander, SOUTHCOM, 1983–85. 18 October 2000. Arlington, Virginia.

Laime, René. Director, Radio Soberanía. 17 June 2001. Chipiriri, Bolivia.

Morales, Evo. National Leader, Bolivian coca growers and MAS political party. 16 June 2001. Villa Tunari, Bolivia.

Rutledge, Olivia. Principal, Spencer High School. 17 November 2000. Columbus, Georgia.

Woerner, General Fred (ret.). Commander, SOUTHCOM, 1987–89. 11 November 2000. Alexandria, Virginia.

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