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The chapter is based on a thin case study, in which five apparently white, upper-class women visit their psychoanalyst in The Hague, with the complaint that they possess Hottentot nymphae, the contemporary term to indicate the enlarged labia minora ascribed to black women. The case study is meaningful because it shows that before any migrants were present in the Netherlands, a discourse about race circulated, in which the women were inscribing themselves. The psychoanalyst dismisses their diagnosis, based on race, and submits that they are suffering from gendered masculinity complex. The chapter offers several rereadings: first, of Dutch society at the time, with its many sites in which the women were exposed to images of black women and their sexuality; next, of racial science and its obsession with black women’s genitalia. Ultimately, the case study shows that the concepts of self and Other that came into being in Western modernity depended on the politics of colonial relations.

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