This chapter takes stock of the multiple ways vulnerability can be recontextualized so that its connection to paternalism or to discourses of victimization are critically reappraised. Without contesting the differential vulnerability of women, it explores the ramifications of feminist claims as to the significance of institutions in sustaining lives while at the same time examining institutionalized modes of paternalism that reinstate relations of inequality. At stake is whether the assertions of hypervulnerability or invulnerability for women or for men can give way to a notion of bodily vulnerability linked with practices of resistance in the service of social and political justice. The chapter asks about the gendering of perceived or marked vulnerabilities and how they function to expand or justify those structures of power that seek to achieve ethnic, economic, or cultural-religious dominance in specific social contexts. Further, it proposes to differentiate feminist modes of resistance from neoliberal discourses of resilience and securitarian politics. In following this path, our discussion moves beyond the human rights framework in which the positing of "vulnerable populations" becomes a way of overriding or devaluing modes of resistance. We address the need to develop a new vocabulary of resistance that construes how vulnerability and invulnerability are politically induced and distributed. The chapter also suggests that we rethink forms of embodiment, ideas of the political subject, and political subjectivity outside, or against, the binary that pits vulnerability to resistance.