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Revelations of SORO’s Project Camelot led to a public uproar when these plans were revealed. Another SORO project, which adopted the Human Relations Area File’s indexing methods (M-VICO) for counterinsurgency operations is discussed. News of Camelot led the AAA to appoint Ralph Beals to investigate interactions between anthropologists and military and intelligence agencies. Previously unpublished correspondence from Beals’s investigation contains descriptions, from OSS anthropologist Elizabeth Bacon, who details the multiple ways that the CIA attempted to contact and recruit anthropologists for intelligence work. The AAA’s Beals Report is examined as a blueprint for future AAA efforts to develop a code of ethics.

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