Cold War Anthropology: The CIA, the Pentagon, and the Growth of Dual Use Anthropology
David H. Price is Professor of Anthropology at Saint Martin’s University. He is the author of Threatening Anthropology: McCarthyism and the FBI’s Surveillance of Activist Anthropologists and Anthropological Intelligence: The Deployment and Neglect of American Anthropology in the Second World War, both also published by Duke University Press, and Weaponizing Anthropology: Social Science in Service of the Militarized State.
Cold War Fieldwork within the Intelligence Universe
Anthropological fieldwork’s intersection with the needs of intelligence agencies includes instances of anthropologists’ writings or field notes being used without their permission or knowledge; instances of archaeologists, including John Dimick, using pretexts of fieldwork for espionage; and anthropologists conducting fieldwork in settings where U.S.-backed coups occurred. The 1950 murder of former OSS anthropologist Raymond Kennedy in postcolonial Indonesia is examined in light of newly discovered documents establishing that the Wenner-Gren Foundation funded CIA agent Lloyd Millegan’s fieldwork months after Kennedy’s murder.