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GOVERNMENT REPORTS AND CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS

GOVERNMENT REPORTS AND CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS
Advisory Committees to the United States Commission on Civil Rights
,
Reports on Apprenticeships
(
1964
).
Comptroller General of the United States
,
Report to the Congress HRD-79-18: The Davis-Bacon Act Should Be Repealed
(
April
27
,
1979
).
Journal of the Senate of the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina
(
1881
).
Thirteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Statistics of Labor of the State of New York
vol.
1
(
1895
).
Employment of Labor on Federal Construction Work: Hearings on H.R. 7995 and H.R. 9232 before the House Comm. on Labor,
” 71st Cong., 2d Sess. (
1930
).
Hours of Labor and Wages on Public Works: Hearings on H.R. 17069 before the House Comm. on Labor,
” 69th Cong., 2d Sess. (
1927
).
Limiting Scope of Injunctions in Labor Disputes: Hearings on S. 1482 before a Subcomm. of the Senate Comm. on the Judiciary,
” 70th Cong., 1st Sess. (
1928
).
Regulation of Hours Paid to Employees by Contractors Awarded Government Building Contracts: Hearings on H.R. 16619 before the Comm. on Labor,
” 71st Cong., 3d Sess. (
1931
).
Testimony of Harry C. Allford, President & CEO, Nat’l Black Chamber of Commerce before the House Educ. Comm.,
July
25
,
1999
.
Testimony Taken by the Joint Select Comm. to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States,
H.R. Rep. No. 42–22
(
1872
).
To Amend the Railway Labor Act . . . Providing for Union Membership and Agreements for Deduction from Wages of Carrier Employees for Certain Purposes: Hearings before a Subcomm. of the Comm. on Labor and Public Welfare on S. 3295,
” 81st Cong., 2d Sess. (
1950
).
Wages of Laborers and Mechanics on Public Buildings, Hearing on S. 5904 before the Comm. on Manufactures, United States Senate,
” 71st Cong., 3d Sess. (
1931
).

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Harris
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Keeping the Faith
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(
1977
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Black Labor and the American Legal System
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The Negro and Economic Reconstruction
(
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Hine
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CASES

CASES
Adair v. United States
, 208 U.S. 161 (
1908
)
Adkins v. Children’s Hospital
, 261 U.S. 525 (
1923
)
A. L. A. Schecter Poultry Corp. v. United States
, 295 U.S. 495 (
1935
)
Allgeyer v. Louisiana
, 165 U.S. 578 (
1897
)
Alliance Const. Co. v. United States
, 79 Ct. Cl. 730 (
1934
)
Atkin v. Kansas
, 191 U.S. 207 (
1903
)
Atlanta Oak Flooring Co.
, 62 N.L.R.B. 973 (
1945
)
Baker v. Portland
, 2 F. Cas. 472 (D. Ore.
1879
)
Berea College v. Kentucky
, 211 U.S. 45 (
1908
)
Bob Jones University v. United States
, 461 U.S. 574 (
1983
)
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen v. Tunstall
, 163 F.2d 289 (4th Cir.
1947
)
Brotherhood of R. R. Trainmen v. A.T. & Santa Fe Ry.
, N.R.A.B. Award No. 6640 (1st Div.
1942
)
Brotherhood of Ry. & S.S. Clerks v. United Transp. Serv. Employees
, 320 U.S. 715 (
1943
)
Brotherhood of Ry. & S.S. Clerks v. United Transp. Serv. Employees
, 137 F.2d 817 (D.C. Cir.
1943
)
Buchanan v. Warley
, 245 U.S. 60 (
1917
)
Building and Constr. Trades Dept., AFL-CIO v. Donovan
, 712 F.2d 611 (D.C. Cir.
1983
)
Bunting v. Oregon
, 243 U.S. 426 (
1917
)
Campbell v. City of New York
, 244 N.Y. 317 (
1927
)
Ex Parte Case
, 116 P. 1037 (Idaho
1911
)
Chaires v. Atlanta
, 139 S.E. 559 (Ga.
1927
)
Chicago, Rock Island & Pac. Ry. v. Arkansas
, 219 U.S. 453 (
1911
)
City of Chicago v. Hulbert
, 68 N.E. 786 (Ill.
1903
)
City of Cleveland v. Clements Bros. Constr. Co.
, 65 N.E. 885 (Ohio
1902
)
Cole v. Commonwealth
, 193 S.E. 517 (Va.
1937
)
Connally v. General Construction Co.
, 269 U.S. 285 (
1926
)
Contractors Ass’n of E. Pa. v. Secretary of Labor
, 442 F.2d 159 (3d Cir.
1971
)
Coppage v. Kansas
, 236 U.S. 1 (
1915
)
In re Craig
, 20 Haw. 483 (
1911
)
In re Debs
, 158 U.S. 564 (
1895
)
Dent v. West Virginia
, 129 U.S. 114 (
1888
)
Dewell v. Quarles
, 181 S.E. 159 (
1935
)
Dolan v. City of Tigard
, 512 U.S. 374 (
1994
)
Douglas v. Noble
, 261 U.S. 165 (
1921
)
Douglas v. People ex rel. Ruddy
, 80 N.E. 341 (Ill.
1907
)
Ellis v. United States
, 206 U.S. 246 (
1907
)
Fiske v. People
, 58 N.E. 985 (Ill.
1900
)
Fulton v. Ives
, 167 So. 394 (Fla.
1936
)
Garbutt v. State
, 77 So. 189 (Miss.
1918
)
Godcharles v. Wigeman
, 6 A. 354 (Pa.
1886
)
Hanley v. Moody
, 39 F.2d 198 (N.D. Tex.
1930
)
Hawker v. New York
, 170 U.S. 189 (
1898
)
Heim v. McCall
, 239 U.S. 175 (
1915
)
Hitchman Coal Co. v. Mitchell
, 245 U.S. 229 (
1917
)
Holden v. City of Alton
, 53 N.E. 556 (Ill.
1899
)
Independent Metal Workers Union, Local No. 1
, 147 N.L.R.B.
1573
(
1964
)
International Ass’n Heat & Frost Insulators Local 53 v. Vogler
, 407 F.2d 1047 (5th Cir.
1969
)
In re Jacobs
, 98 N.Y. 98 (
1885
)
J. I. Case Co. v. NLRB
, 321 U.S. 332 (
1944
)
Joseph v. Randolph
, 71 Ala. 499 (
1882
)
Kendrick v. State
, 39 So. 203 (Ala.
1905
)
Ex Parte Kuback
, 85 Cal. 274 (
1890
)
Larus & Brother Co.
, 62 N.L.R.B. 1075 (
1945
)
Lauf v. E. G. Shinner & Co.
, 303 U.S. 323 (
1938
)
Lewis v. Board of Educ.
, 102 N.W. 756 (Mich.
1905
)
Lochner v. New York
, 198 U.S. 45 (
1905
)
McCabe v. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Ry
, 235 U.S. 151 (
1914
)
McCall v. California
, 136 U.S. 104 (
1890
)
McMillan v. City of Knoxville
, 202 S.W. 65 (Tenn.
1918
)
Miranda Fuel Co.
, 140 N.L.R.B. 181 (
1962
)
Montgomery v. Pacific Elec. Ry.
, 293 F. 680 (9th Cir.
1923
)
Morehead v. New York ex rel. Tipaldo
, 298 U.S. 587 (
1936
)
Muller v. Oregon
, 208 U.S. 412 (
1908
)
Nebbia v. New York
, 291 U.S. 502 (
1934
)
NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.
, 301 U.S. 1 (
1937
)
NLRB v. Miranda Fuel Co.
, 326 F.2d 172 (2d Cir.
1963
)
People v. Brown
, 95 N.E. 2d 888 (Ill.
1950
)
People v. Coler
, 166 N.Y. 1 (
1901
)
People ex rel. Nechamcus v. Warden
, 144 N.Y. 529 (
1895
)
People v. Orange County Road Const. Co.
, 67 N.E. 129 (N.Y.
1903
)
People v. Warren
, 34 N.Y. Supp. 942 (Sup. Ct.
1895
)
Phelps Dodge v. NLRB
, 313 U.S. 177 (
1941
)
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
, 505 U.S. 833 (
1992
)
Plessy v. Ferguson
, 163 U.S. 537 (
1896
)
Reetz v. Michigan
, 188 U.S. 505 (
1903
)
Replogle v. Little Rock
, 267 S.W. 353 (Ark.
1924
)
Ritchie v. People
, 40 N.E. 454 (Ill.
1895
)
Roberts v. United States Jaycees
, 468 U.S. 609 (
1984
)
Rock v. Philadelphia
, 191 A. 669 (Pa. Super.
1937
)
Rolax v. Atlantic Coast Line R.R.
, 186 F.2d 473 (4th Cir.
1951
)
St. Louis, Iron Mountain & S. Ry. v. Arkansas
, 240 U.S. 518 (
1916
)
Shepperd v. County Comm’rs
, 59 Ga. 535 (
1877
)
Slaughter-House Cases
, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (
1873
)
Smith v. Alabama
, 124 U.S. 465 (
1888
)
Smith v. Texas
, 233 U.S. 630 (
1914
)
State v. Bates
, 101 S.E. 651 (S.C.
1919
)
State v. Gardner
, 51 N.E. 136 (Ohio
1898
)
State v. Hunt
, 40 S.E. 216 (N.C.
1901
)
State v. Moore
, 18 S.E. 342 (N.C.
1893
)
State v. Napier
, 41 S.E. 13 (S.C.
1902
)
State v. Reeves
, 99 S.E. 841 (S.C.
1919
)
State v. Roberson
, 48 S.E. 595 (N.C.
1904
)
State v. Walker
, 92 P. 775 (Wash.
1907
)
Steele v. Louisville & Nashville R.R. Co.
, 323 U.S. 192 (
1944
)
Street v. Varney Electrical Supply
, 66 N.E. 895 (Ind.
1903
)
In re Taylor
, 38 Md. 28 (
1877
)
Texas & N.O.R.R. v. Brotherhood of Ry. & S.S. Clerks
, 281 U.S. 548 (
1930
)
United States v. Carolene Prods. Co.
, 304 U.S. 144 (
1938
)
United States v. Carpenters Local 169
, 457 F.2d 210 (7th Cir.
1972
)
United States v. Darby
, 312 U.S. 100 (
1941
)
United States v. International Bhd. Elec. Workers Local 212
, 472 F.2d 634 (6th Cir.
1973
)
United States v. Ironworkers Local 86
, 443 F.2d 544 (9th Cir.
1971
)
United States v. Lathers Local 46
, 471 F.2d 408 (2d Cir.
1972
)
United States v. Lopez
, 514 U.S. 549 (
1995
)
United States v. Murphy
, 11 F. Supp. 572 (W.D. Mich.
1934
)
United States v. W.S. Barstow & Co.
, 79 F.2d 496 (4th Cir.
1935
)
Varner v. State
, 36 S.E. 93 (Ga.
1900
)
Veneer Prods., Inc.
, 81 N.L.R.B. 492 (
1948
)
Virginian Railway Co. v. System Federation No. 40, Railway Employees Dept. of the American Federation of Labor
, 300 U.S. 515 (
1937
)
Wagner v. Milwaukee
, 188 N.W. 487 (Wis.
1922
)
Watson v. Maryland
, 218 U.S. 173 (
1910
)
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish
, 300 U.S. 379 (
1937
)
Willis v. Local No. 106, Hotel and Restaurant Employees International Alliance
(Court of Common Pleas Cuyahoga County, July 27,
1927
)
Williams v. Fears
, 35 S.E. 699 (Ga.
1900
)
Williams v. Fears
, 179 U.S. 270 (
1900
)
Winkler v. Benzenberg
, 76 N.W. 345 (Wis.
1898
)
Woodson v. State
, 40 S.E. 1013 (Ga.
1902
)
Wright v. Hoctor
, 145 N.W. 704 (Neb.
1914
)
Yick Wo v. Hopkins
, 118 U.S. 356 (
1886
)
York v. State ex rel. Jones
, 197 So. 766 (Fla.
1940
)

Figures & Tables

Contents

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References

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CASES

CASES
Adair v. United States
, 208 U.S. 161 (
1908
)
Adkins v. Children’s Hospital
, 261 U.S. 525 (
1923
)
A. L. A. Schecter Poultry Corp. v. United States
, 295 U.S. 495 (
1935
)
Allgeyer v. Louisiana
, 165 U.S. 578 (
1897
)
Alliance Const. Co. v. United States
, 79 Ct. Cl. 730 (
1934
)
Atkin v. Kansas
, 191 U.S. 207 (
1903
)
Atlanta Oak Flooring Co.
, 62 N.L.R.B. 973 (
1945
)
Baker v. Portland
, 2 F. Cas. 472 (D. Ore.
1879
)
Berea College v. Kentucky
, 211 U.S. 45 (
1908
)
Bob Jones University v. United States
, 461 U.S. 574 (
1983
)
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen v. Tunstall
, 163 F.2d 289 (4th Cir.
1947
)
Brotherhood of R. R. Trainmen v. A.T. & Santa Fe Ry.
, N.R.A.B. Award No. 6640 (1st Div.
1942
)
Brotherhood of Ry. & S.S. Clerks v. United Transp. Serv. Employees
, 320 U.S. 715 (
1943
)
Brotherhood of Ry. & S.S. Clerks v. United Transp. Serv. Employees
, 137 F.2d 817 (D.C. Cir.
1943
)
Buchanan v. Warley
, 245 U.S. 60 (
1917
)
Building and Constr. Trades Dept., AFL-CIO v. Donovan
, 712 F.2d 611 (D.C. Cir.
1983
)
Bunting v. Oregon
, 243 U.S. 426 (
1917
)
Campbell v. City of New York
, 244 N.Y. 317 (
1927
)
Ex Parte Case
, 116 P. 1037 (Idaho
1911
)
Chaires v. Atlanta
, 139 S.E. 559 (Ga.
1927
)
Chicago, Rock Island & Pac. Ry. v. Arkansas
, 219 U.S. 453 (
1911
)
City of Chicago v. Hulbert
, 68 N.E. 786 (Ill.
1903
)
City of Cleveland v. Clements Bros. Constr. Co.
, 65 N.E. 885 (Ohio
1902
)
Cole v. Commonwealth
, 193 S.E. 517 (Va.
1937
)
Connally v. General Construction Co.
, 269 U.S. 285 (
1926
)
Contractors Ass’n of E. Pa. v. Secretary of Labor
, 442 F.2d 159 (3d Cir.
1971
)
Coppage v. Kansas
, 236 U.S. 1 (
1915
)
In re Craig
, 20 Haw. 483 (
1911
)
In re Debs
, 158 U.S. 564 (
1895
)
Dent v. West Virginia
, 129 U.S. 114 (
1888
)
Dewell v. Quarles
, 181 S.E. 159 (
1935
)
Dolan v. City of Tigard
, 512 U.S. 374 (
1994
)
Douglas v. Noble
, 261 U.S. 165 (
1921
)
Douglas v. People ex rel. Ruddy
, 80 N.E. 341 (Ill.
1907
)
Ellis v. United States
, 206 U.S. 246 (
1907
)
Fiske v. People
, 58 N.E. 985 (Ill.
1900
)
Fulton v. Ives
, 167 So. 394 (Fla.
1936
)
Garbutt v. State
, 77 So. 189 (Miss.
1918
)
Godcharles v. Wigeman
, 6 A. 354 (Pa.
1886
)
Hanley v. Moody
, 39 F.2d 198 (N.D. Tex.
1930
)
Hawker v. New York
, 170 U.S. 189 (
1898
)
Heim v. McCall
, 239 U.S. 175 (
1915
)
Hitchman Coal Co. v. Mitchell
, 245 U.S. 229 (
1917
)
Holden v. City of Alton
, 53 N.E. 556 (Ill.
1899
)
Independent Metal Workers Union, Local No. 1
, 147 N.L.R.B.
1573
(
1964
)
International Ass’n Heat & Frost Insulators Local 53 v. Vogler
, 407 F.2d 1047 (5th Cir.
1969
)
In re Jacobs
, 98 N.Y. 98 (
1885
)
J. I. Case Co. v. NLRB
, 321 U.S. 332 (
1944
)
Joseph v. Randolph
, 71 Ala. 499 (
1882
)
Kendrick v. State
, 39 So. 203 (Ala.
1905
)
Ex Parte Kuback
, 85 Cal. 274 (
1890
)
Larus & Brother Co.
, 62 N.L.R.B. 1075 (
1945
)
Lauf v. E. G. Shinner & Co.
, 303 U.S. 323 (
1938
)
Lewis v. Board of Educ.
, 102 N.W. 756 (Mich.
1905
)
Lochner v. New York
, 198 U.S. 45 (
1905
)
McCabe v. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Ry
, 235 U.S. 151 (
1914
)
McCall v. California
, 136 U.S. 104 (
1890
)
McMillan v. City of Knoxville
, 202 S.W. 65 (Tenn.
1918
)
Miranda Fuel Co.
, 140 N.L.R.B. 181 (
1962
)
Montgomery v. Pacific Elec. Ry.
, 293 F. 680 (9th Cir.
1923
)
Morehead v. New York ex rel. Tipaldo
, 298 U.S. 587 (
1936
)
Muller v. Oregon
, 208 U.S. 412 (
1908
)
Nebbia v. New York
, 291 U.S. 502 (
1934
)
NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.
, 301 U.S. 1 (
1937
)
NLRB v. Miranda Fuel Co.
, 326 F.2d 172 (2d Cir.
1963
)
People v. Brown
, 95 N.E. 2d 888 (Ill.
1950
)
People v. Coler
, 166 N.Y. 1 (
1901
)
People ex rel. Nechamcus v. Warden
, 144 N.Y. 529 (
1895
)
People v. Orange County Road Const. Co.
, 67 N.E. 129 (N.Y.
1903
)
People v. Warren
, 34 N.Y. Supp. 942 (Sup. Ct.
1895
)
Phelps Dodge v. NLRB
, 313 U.S. 177 (
1941
)
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
, 505 U.S. 833 (
1992
)
Plessy v. Ferguson
, 163 U.S. 537 (
1896
)
Reetz v. Michigan
, 188 U.S. 505 (
1903
)
Replogle v. Little Rock
, 267 S.W. 353 (Ark.
1924
)
Ritchie v. People
, 40 N.E. 454 (Ill.
1895
)
Roberts v. United States Jaycees
, 468 U.S. 609 (
1984
)
Rock v. Philadelphia
, 191 A. 669 (Pa. Super.
1937
)
Rolax v. Atlantic Coast Line R.R.
, 186 F.2d 473 (4th Cir.
1951
)
St. Louis, Iron Mountain & S. Ry. v. Arkansas
, 240 U.S. 518 (
1916
)
Shepperd v. County Comm’rs
, 59 Ga. 535 (
1877
)
Slaughter-House Cases
, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (
1873
)
Smith v. Alabama
, 124 U.S. 465 (
1888
)
Smith v. Texas
, 233 U.S. 630 (
1914
)
State v. Bates
, 101 S.E. 651 (S.C.
1919
)
State v. Gardner
, 51 N.E. 136 (Ohio
1898
)
State v. Hunt
, 40 S.E. 216 (N.C.
1901
)
State v. Moore
, 18 S.E. 342 (N.C.
1893
)
State v. Napier
, 41 S.E. 13 (S.C.
1902
)
State v. Reeves
, 99 S.E. 841 (S.C.
1919
)
State v. Roberson
, 48 S.E. 595 (N.C.
1904
)
State v. Walker
, 92 P. 775 (Wash.
1907
)
Steele v. Louisville & Nashville R.R. Co.
, 323 U.S. 192 (
1944
)
Street v. Varney Electrical Supply
, 66 N.E. 895 (Ind.
1903
)
In re Taylor
, 38 Md. 28 (
1877
)
Texas & N.O.R.R. v. Brotherhood of Ry. & S.S. Clerks
, 281 U.S. 548 (
1930
)
United States v. Carolene Prods. Co.
, 304 U.S. 144 (
1938
)
United States v. Carpenters Local 169
, 457 F.2d 210 (7th Cir.
1972
)
United States v. Darby
, 312 U.S. 100 (
1941
)
United States v. International Bhd. Elec. Workers Local 212
, 472 F.2d 634 (6th Cir.
1973
)
United States v. Ironworkers Local 86
, 443 F.2d 544 (9th Cir.
1971
)
United States v. Lathers Local 46
, 471 F.2d 408 (2d Cir.
1972
)
United States v. Lopez
, 514 U.S. 549 (
1995
)
United States v. Murphy
, 11 F. Supp. 572 (W.D. Mich.
1934
)
United States v. W.S. Barstow & Co.
, 79 F.2d 496 (4th Cir.
1935
)
Varner v. State
, 36 S.E. 93 (Ga.
1900
)
Veneer Prods., Inc.
, 81 N.L.R.B. 492 (
1948
)
Virginian Railway Co. v. System Federation No. 40, Railway Employees Dept. of the American Federation of Labor
, 300 U.S. 515 (
1937
)
Wagner v. Milwaukee
, 188 N.W. 487 (Wis.
1922
)
Watson v. Maryland
, 218 U.S. 173 (
1910
)
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish
, 300 U.S. 379 (
1937
)
Willis v. Local No. 106, Hotel and Restaurant Employees International Alliance
(Court of Common Pleas Cuyahoga County, July 27,
1927
)
Williams v. Fears
, 35 S.E. 699 (Ga.
1900
)
Williams v. Fears
, 179 U.S. 270 (
1900
)
Winkler v. Benzenberg
, 76 N.W. 345 (Wis.
1898
)
Woodson v. State
, 40 S.E. 1013 (Ga.
1902
)
Wright v. Hoctor
, 145 N.W. 704 (Neb.
1914
)
Yick Wo v. Hopkins
, 118 U.S. 356 (
1886
)
York v. State ex rel. Jones
, 197 So. 766 (Fla.
1940
)
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