Migration and the Making of Industrial São Paulo
Paulo Fontes is Associate Professor, School of Social Sciences (CPDOC) Fundação Getulio Vargas – Rio de Janeiro; a researcher at the Brazilian Council of Research and Development (CNPq); and the coeditor of The Country of Football: Politics, Popular Culture, and the Beautiful Game in Brazil.
Barbara Weinstein is Silver Professor of History at New York University and the author of The Color of Modernity: São Paulo and the Making of Race and Nation in Brazil, also published by Duke University Press.
Workers and the Neighborhood: Social Movements and the Struggle for Autonomy
This chapter looks at São Paulo’s neighborhood organizations. In examining their weight within the political conjunctures, their relationships with union organizations, and their engagement in the broader struggles of workers in that period, it seeks to overcome the dichotomy, all too common in the literature, between “resident” and “worker.” In addition, the chapter discusses attempts by separatist movements in São Miguel Paulista to secede from the city of São Paulo. Feeling abandoned by the government, these movements believed that the transformation of the neighborhood into an autonomous city could improve the quality of life for the population. Finally, the chapter discusses the political conjuncture prior to the 1964 coup, with emphasis on the action of the Chemical Workers Union in São Miguel, as well as on the local consequences of militarization and the first moments of the dictatorship.