The Stroke of Midnight and the Spirit of Entrepreneurship: A History of the Computer in India
This chapter demonstrates that the long tradition linking technology, elite subjects, and nation building in India is currently being reimagined through a lionization of private individual achievement. Indian coders are heirs to a technocratic discourse that puts them at the vanguard of national development. The chapter tracks how the Indian middle classes became scientists in service to the nation in the Nehruvian period and then how they draw on that legacy in the current moment to advance their privatized scientific projects. Viewed within this framing, short-term work contracts are stepping-stones to both individual and national self-determination. As such, the critique of migration regimes by diasporic Indian programmers is muted by the discourse of technoelite success through individual achievement to which they also subscribe.
Sarkar Committee, Central Bureau of Education, India. “Development of Higher Technical Institutions in India (Interim Report of the Sarkar Committee),” 1946.