Conclusion: Millennial Cities
The conclusion broadens the book’s scope to examine globally circulating ideas about urban futurity and their related models of urbanism. Reflecting on the case of Bogotá, it examines the implications of seeing the future of cities, and the cities of the future, as problems of security and risk. It argues that the emergence of risk management as a technique for governing cities and urban life does not imply a complete rejection of progressive modernist narratives but rather reworks them in surprising ways. Linking recent developments in Bogotá to wider shifts in paradigms of urbanism, it concludes by posing a question of both conceptual and practical importance: what future projections other than apocalyptic and dystopian ones are available or imaginable?