Endangered City: The Politics of Security and Risk in Bogotá
This chapter shows how the emergence of risk as a technique of urban government leads to novel formations of citizenship and subjectivity and thereby shapes the terrain of political engagement for settlers of the urban periphery. It is through categories of vitality, vulnerability, and victimhood that those with little other recourse to state benefits negotiate the official imperative to protect life from a range of threats. Examining the relationship between liberalism and security in Colombia, and the way their objectives and ideals have been fused over the past decade, reveals why settlers on the urban periphery strive to become visible as lives at risk in order to be recognized as citizens with rights. To demonstrate how risk management impacts urban politics, this chapter highlights situations in which the entitlements of urban citizens are mediated by and predicated on the degree to which their lives are in danger.