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The introduction examines the political effects and enduring legacies of nationalist youth (pemuda) movements in Indonesia for contemporary Indonesian youth. Showing how official history and collective memory intertwine to define youthful citizenship and resistance in New Order Indonesia, the introduction provides an origin story for the emergence of radical student movements at the end of the New Order regime in the 1990s and introduces the student activist as the latest incarnation of pemuda nationalism in Indonesia.

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