Skip to Main Content
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.

This chapter introduces the key conceptual, theoretical, and empirical contexts underpinning the book, and shows how lifestyle TV is implicated in broader transformations of individual identity and collective sociality in the region. It maps the social, cultural, and economic contexts for the rise of life advice TV in these countries, with particular attention to the deepening of marketized regimes of governance and market logic in everyday life and over the past three decades. This chapter explains the research project’s multimethod approach and outlines the book’s key conceptual frameworks, including the concept of “multiple modernities”: the idea that modernity is not, nor has it ever been, the sole preserve of the West, but rather, different geocultural contexts produce specific versions of modern structures and processes. This frames the book’s intention to “provincialize” the Eurocentric presumptions that have tended to underlie much extant work in mainstream television studies.

This content is only available as PDF.

Works Cited

Works Cited
Abu-Lughod
,
Janet
.
1989
.
Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250–1350
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Abu-Lughod
,
Lila
.
2008
.
Dramas of Nationhood: The Politics of Television in Egypt
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Amin
,
Ash
.
2002
. “
Spatialities of Globalisation
.”
Environment and Planning A
34
, no.
3
:
385
99
.
Anagnost
,
Ann
.
2004
. “
The Corporeal Politics of Quality (Suzhi)
.”
Public Culture
16
, no.
2
:
89
108
.
Anderson
,
Benedict
.
1983
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
.
London
:
Verso
.
Anderson
,
Stewart
, and
Chakars
Melissa
, eds.
2014
.
Modernization, Nation-Building, and Television History
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1988
. “
How to Make a National Cuisine: Cookbooks in Contemporary India
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
30
, no.
1
:
3
24
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1996
.
Modernity at Large
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Asthana
,
Sanjay
.
2008
. “
Religion and Secularism as Embedded Imaginaries: A Study of Indian Television Narratives
.”
Critical Studies in Media Communication
25
, no.
3
:
304
23
.
Athique
,
Adrian M.
2010
. “
The Crossover Audience: Mediated Multiculturalism and the Indian Film
.” In
Bollywood in Australia: Transnationalism and Cultural Production
, ed.
Hassam
Andrew
and
Paranjape
Makarand
,
23
44
.
Crawley
:
University of Western Australia Publishing
.
Attwood
,
Feona
.
2005
. “
Inside Out: Men on the ‘Home Front.’
Journal of Consumer Culture
5
, no.
1
:
87
107
.
Bahar
,
Mehri
.
2009
. “
Television, Religious Objects and Secularism
.”
Asian Journal of Social Science
37
, no.
2
:
232
41
.
Bai
,
Ruoyun
.
2015
. “
‘Clean up the Screen’: Regulating Television Entertainment in the 2000s
.” In
Chinese Television in the Twenty-First Century: Entertaining the Nation
, ed.
Bai
Ruoyun
and
Song
Geng
,
69
86
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Bai
,
Ruoyun
, and
Song
Geng
.
2015
.
Introduction to Chinese Television in the Twenty-First Century: Entertaining the Nation
, ed.
Bai
Ruoyun
and
Song
Geng
,
1
14
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Bajaj
,
Vikas
.
2007
. “
In India, the Golden Age of Television Is Now
.”
New York Times
,
February
11
.
Bakken
Børge
.
2000
.
The Exemplary Society: Human Improvement, Social Control, and the Dangers of Modernity in China
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Bal
,
Hartosh Singh
.
2013
. “
The Return of the Ramayana
.”
New York Times
,
April
9
.
Barmé
,
Geremie R.
1999
.
In the Red: On Contemporary Chinese Culture
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Bauman
,
Zygmunt
.
2000
.
Liquid Modernity
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Baviskar
,
Amita
, and
Ray
Raka
, eds.
2011
.
Elite and Everyman: The Cultural Politics of the Indian Middle Class
.
New Delhi
:
Routledge
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
.
1992
.
Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
.
1994
. “
The Reinvention of Politics: Towards a Theory of Reflexive Modernization
.” In
Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order
, ed.
Beck
Ulrich
,
Giddens
Anthony
, and
Lash
Scott
,
1
55
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
.
2010
.
A God of One’s Own: Religion’s Capacity for Peace and Potential for Violence
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
, and
Beck-Gernsheim
Elisabeth
.
2002
.
Individualization: Institutionalized Individualism and Its Social and Political Consequences
.
London
:
Sage
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
,
Giddens
Anthony
, and
Lash
Scott
.
1994
.
Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Beck
,
Ulrick
, and
Grande
Edgar
.
2010
. “
Varieties of Second Modernity: The Cosmopolitan Turn in Social and Political Theory and Research
.”
British Journal of Sociology
61
, no.
3
:
409
33
.
Bell
,
David
, and
Hollows
Joanne
, eds.
2005
.
Ordinary Lifestyles: Popular Media, Consumption and Taste
.
Maidenhead, UK
:
Open University Press
.
Berman
,
Marshall
.
1982
.
All That Is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
.
Bignell
,
Jonathan
.
2005
.
Big Brother: Reality TV in the Twenty-First Century
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Bonner
,
Frances
.
2003
.
Ordinary Television: Analyzing Popular TV
.
London
:
Sage
.
Bonner
,
Frances
.
2005
. “
Whose Lifestyle Is It Anyway?
” In
Ordinary Lifestyles: Popular Media, Consumption and Taste
, ed.
Bell
David
and
Hollows
Joanne
,
35
46
.
Maidenhead, UK
:
Open University Press
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
1984
.
Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste
. Translated by
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Brosius
,
Christiane
.
2010
.
India’s Middle Class: New Forms of Urban Leisure, Consumption and Prosperity
.
New Delhi
:
Routledge
.
Brunsdon
,
Charlotte
.
2003
. “
Lifestyling Britain: The 8–9 Slot on British Television
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
6
, no.
1
:
5
23
.
Callahan
,
William A.
2013
.
China Dreams: 20 Visions of the Future
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Campbell
,
Colin
.
2005
. “
The Craft Consumer: Culture, Craft and Consumption in a Postmodern Society
.”
Journal of Consumer Culture
5
, no.
1
:
23
42
.
Care World
.
2013
. .
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2001
.
Globalizing South China
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2002
. “
Origins and Evolution of a Geographical Idea: The ‘Macroregion’ in China
.”
Modern China
28
, no.
1
:
79
143
.
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2013a
. “
Class, Consumption and the Economic Restructuring of Consumer Space
.” In
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
, ed.
Chen
Minglu
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
34
53
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Elgar
.
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2013b
. “
Uneven Development and the Time/Space Economy
.” In
Unequal China: Political Economy and the Cultural Politics of Inequality
, ed.
Sun
Wanning
and
Guo
Yingjie
,
77
90
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Cartier
,
Michel
.
1995
. “
Nuclear Versus Quasi-Stem Families: The New Chinese Family Model
.”
Journal of Family History
20
, no.
3
:
307
27
.
Chadha
,
Kalyani
, and
Kavoori
Anandam
.
2012
. “
Mapping India’s Television Landscape: Constitutive Dimensions and Emerging Issues
.”
South Asian History and Culture
3
, no.
4
:
591
602
.
Chakrabarty
,
Dipesh
.
2007
.
Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Chakraborty
,
Chandrima
.
2007
. “
The Hindu Ascetic as Fitness Instructor: Reviving Faith in Yoga
.”
International Journal of the History of Sport
24
, no.
9
:
1172
86
.
Chandrashekhar
,
C. P.
, and
Ghosh
Jayati
.
2002
.
The Market That Failed: A Decade of Neoliberal Economic Reforms in India
.
New Delhi
:
Leftword
.
Chang
,
Kyung-Sup
.
2010
. “
The Second Modern Condition? Compressed Modernity as Internalized Reflexive Cosmopolitization
.”
British Journal of Sociology
61
, no.
3
:
444
64
.
Chang
,
Kyung-Sup
, and
Song
Min-Young
.
2010
. “
The Stranded Individualizer under Compressed Modernity: South Korean Women in Individualization without Individualism
.”
British Journal of Sociology
61
, no.
3
:
539
64
.
Chang
,
Tsan-Kuo
.
2002
.
China’s Window on the World: TV News, Social Knowledge, and International Spectacles
.
Cresskill, NJ
:
Hampton
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
.
1986
.
Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World: A Derivative Discourse
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
.
1993
.
The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
.
2008
. “
Democracy and Economic Transformation in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
43
, no.
16
:
53
62
.
Chen
,
Kuan-hsing
, and
Chien
Sechin Y. S.
.
2009
. “
Knowledge Production in the Era of Neo-Liberal Globalization: Reflections on the Changing Academic Conditions in Taiwan
.”
Inter-Asia Cultural Studies
10
, no.
2
:
206
28
.
Chen
,
Minglu
.
2008
. “
Entrepreneurial Women: Personal Wealth, Local Politics and Tradition
.” In
The New Rich in China: Future Rulers, Present Lives
, ed.
Goodman
David S. G.
,
112
25
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Chen
,
Minglu
, and
Goodman
David S. G.
.
2013a
. “
Introduction: Middle Class China—Discourse, Structure and Practice
.” In
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
, ed.
Chen
Minglu
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
1
11
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Elgar
.
Chen
,
Minglu
, and
Goodman
David S. G.
, eds.
2013b
.
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Edgar
.
Chen
,
Mo 陈漠
.
2011
.
“2010 中国电视红皮书” [2010 Chinese television red paper]
.
新周刊 [New weekly]
343
:
45
48
.
Chen
,
Ping-Hung
.
2002
. “
Who Owns Cable Television? Media Ownership Concentration in Taiwan
.”
Journal of Media Economics
15
, no.
1
:
41
55
.
Chen
,
Shaohua
, and
Ravallion
Martin
.
2004
. “
How Have the World’s Poorest Fared since the Early 1980s?
World Bank Research Observer
19
:
141
69
.
Chen
,
Xi
.
2010
. “
Changing Bottom Line: Broadcasting Regulation in China
.” In
Toward Better Governance in China: An Unconventional Pathway of Political Reform
, ed.
Guo
Baogang
and
Hickey
Denise
,
147
61
.
Lanham, MD
:
Lexington Books
.
Chen
,
Yi-Ling
, and
Li
William Derhsing
.
2012
. “
Neoliberalism, the Developmental State, and Housing Policy in Taiwan
.” In
Locating Neoliberalism in Asia: Neoliberalizing Spaces in Developmental States
, ed.
Park
Bae-Gyoon
,
Hill
Richard Child
, and
Saito
Asato
,
196
224
.
Chincester, UK
:
Wiley-Blackwell
.
Yu-hua
Chen
.
2009
. “
A Cohort Analysis of the Transition to First Marriage among Taiwanese,
Population and Society
5
.
1
:
25
44
.
Chibber
,
Vivek
.
2003
.
Locked in Place: State-Building and Late Industrialization in India
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
China Post
.
2010
. “
Taiwan Records Drop in Marriage Rate for ’09
.”
China Post
,
June
28
. .
China Times
.
2011
.
China Times
,
September
4
. .
Chua
,
Beng Huat
.
2012
.
Structure, Audience and Soft Power in East Asian Pop Culture
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Chua
,
Beng Huat
.
2016
. “
Consumption in Asia: After the New Rich Generation
.” In
Lifestyle Media in Asia: Consumption, Aspiration and Identity
, ed.
Martin
Fran
and
Lewis
Tania
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Clark
,
Lynne Schofield
.
2007
. “
Introduction: Identity, Belonging, and the Emergence of Religious Lifestyle Branding
.” In
Religion, Media, and the Marketplace
, ed.
Clark
Lynn Schofield
,
1
33
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
.
Cook
,
Sarah
, and
Dong
Xiao-yuan
.
2011
. “
Harsh Choices: Chinese Women’s Paid Work and Unpaid Care Responsibilities under Economic Reform
.”
Development and Change
42
, no.
2
:
947
65
.
Copeman
,
Jacob
, and
Ikegame
Aya
, eds.
2012
.
The Guru in South Asia: New Interdisciplinary Perspectives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Corbridge
,
Stuart
, and
Harriss
John
.
2000
.
Reinventing India: Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism, and Popular Democracy
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
Wiley
.
Couldry
,
Nick
.
2002
. “
Playing for Celebrity: Big Brother as Ritual Event
.”
Television and New Media
3
, no.
3
:
283
93
.
Couldry
,
Nick
.
2010
.
Why Voice Matters: Culture and Politics after Neoliberalism
.
London
:
Sage
.
Couldry
,
Nick
.
2012
.
Media, Society, World: Social Theory and Digital Media Practice
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Croll
,
Elisabeth
.
1995
.
Changing Identities of Chinese Women: Rhetoric, Experience and Self-Perception in Twentieth-Century China
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Cruikshank
,
Barbara
.
1996
. “
Revolution Within: Self-government and Self-esteem
.” In
Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-liberalism and Rationalities of Government
, ed.
Barry
Andrew
,
Osborne
Thomas
, and
Rose
Nicholas
,
231
52
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Davis
,
Deborah S.
2014
. “
On the Limits of Personal Autonomy: PRC Law and the Institutions of Marriage
.” In
Wives, Husbands, and Lovers: Marriage and Sexuality in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Urban China
, ed.
Davis
Deborah S.
and
Friedman
Sara L.
,
41
61
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Derné
,
Steve
.
2008
.
Globalization on the Ground: Media and the Transformation of Culture, Class, and Gender in India
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
.
Deshpande
,
Satish
.
2004
.
Contemporary India: A Sociological View
.
New Delhi
:
Penguin Books
.
Ding
,
Xiaojie 顶晓洁
.
2013
.
“IPCN: 左手电视, 右手网络” [IPCN: Television on the left hand, Internet on the right hand]
.
新周刊 [New weekly]
391
:
68
70
.
Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2010
. “
Women and Men in R.O.C. (Taiwan): Facts and Figures
.”
Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2011
. “
Earnings and Productivity: Statistical Analysis Monthly Report
.”
November
20
.
Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2012
. “
Women and Men in R.O.C. (Taiwan): Facts and Figures
.”
Directorate-General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2013
. “
Women and Men in R.O.C. (Taiwan): Facts and Figures
.”
Dirlik
,
Arif
.
2012
. “
The Idea of a ‘Chinese Model’: A Critical Discussion
.”
China Information
26
, no.
3
:
277
302
.
Discovery Communications
.
2013
. “
Discovery Communications Reports Full Year and Fourth Quarter 2012 Results
.”
February
14
. .
Doane
,
Mary Ann
.
1999
. “
Film and the Masquerade: Theorising the Female Spectator
.” In
Feminist Film Theory: A Reader
, ed.
Thornham
Sue
,
131
45
.
New York
:
New York University Press
.
Donald
,
Stephanie Hemelryk
, and
Zheng
Yi
.
2009
. “
A Taste of Class: Manuals for Becoming Woman
.”
positions
17
, no.
3
:
489
521
.
Donner
,
Henrikke
.
2008
.
Domestic Goddesses: Maternity, Globalization and Middle-Class Identity in Contemporary India
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Du Gay
,
Paul
,
Hall
Stuart
,
Janes
Linda
,
Mackay
Hugh
, and
Negus
Keith
.
1997
.
Doing Cultural Studies: The Story of the Sony Walkman
.
London
:
Sage
.
Dussel
,
Enrique
.
2002
. “
World-System and ‘Trans’-Modernity
.”
Nepantla: Views from South
3
, no.
2
:
221
44
.
Economic Times
.
2008
. “
Govt Issue Notification Amending Cable TV Networks Rules, 1994
.”
March
18
. .
Eisenstadt
,
Shmuel Noah
.
2000
. “
Multiple Modernities
.”
Daedalus
129
, no.
1
:
1
29
.
Ellis
,
John
.
2000
.
Seeing Things: Television in the Age of Uncertainty
.
London
:
I.B. Tauris
.
Executive Yuan
.
2013
. “
The Republic of China Yearbook 2013
.” .
Fang
,
Fang 方絍
.
2011
.
“国内相亲絾目瀰作内幕揭秘æ 电瘺红娘二十年” [The secret of how China’s dating shows operate: Twenty years of match-making on television]
.
June
6
. .
Farquhar
,
Judith
, and
Zhang
Qicheng
.
2012
.
Ten Thousand Things: Nurturing Life in Contemporary Beijing
.
New York
:
Zone Books
.
Farris
,
Catherine S. P.
2004
. “
Women’s Liberation under ‘East Asian Modernity’ in China and Taiwan: Historical, Cultural, and Comparative Perspectives
.” In
Women in the New Taiwan: Gender Roles and Gender Consciousness in a Changing Society
, ed.
Farris
Anru Lee
and
Rubinstein
Murray
,
325
76
.
Armonk, NY
:
M. E. Sharpe
.
Felski
,
Rita
.
1999/2000
. “
The Invention of Everyday Life
.”
New Formations
39
:
15
31
.
Ferjani
,
Riadh
.
2010
. “
Religion and Television in the Arab World: Towards a Communication Studies Approach
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
3
, no.
1
:
82
100
.
Fernandes
,
Leela
.
2006
.
India’s New Middle Class: Democratic Politics in an Era of Economic Reform
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
FICCI-KPMG
.
2014
. “
The Stage Is Set: FICCI-KPMG Indian Media and Entertainment Industry Report
.” .
Flew
,
Terry
, and
Waisbord
Silvio
.
2015
. “
The Ongoing Significance of National Media Systems in the Context of Media Globalization
.”
Media Culture and Society
(
April
28
).
doi: 10.1177/0163443714566903
.
Fong
,
Vanessa
.
2007
. “
Morality, Cosmopolitanism, or Academic Attainment: Discourse on Quality and Urban Chinese-Only-Children’s Claims to Ideal Personhood
.”
City and Society
19
, no.
1
:
86
113
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1977
.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
.
London
:
Penguin
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1979
.
The History of Sexuality. Vol. 1, The Will to Knowledge
.
London
:
Allen Lane
.
Fürsich
,
Elfriede
.
2003
. “
Between Credibility and Commodification: Nonfiction Entertainment as a Global Media Genre
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
6
, no.
2
:
131
53
.
Gao
,
Ziming 攨子糩
.
2011
.
“淺析 《狓时尚》 栏目成功原因” [A brief analysis of the reasons behind Pretty Trendy’s success]
.
港田 [Jin Tian]
287
:
198
.
Gaonkar
,
Dilip Parameshwar
.
2001
. “
On Alternative Modernities
.” In
Alternative Modernities
, ed.
Gaonkar
Dilip Parameshwar
,
1
23
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Gauthier
,
Francois
, and
Uhl
Magali
.
2012
. “
Digital Shapings of Religion in a Globalised World: The Vatican Online and Amr Khaled’s TV-Preaching
.”
Australian Journal of Communication
39
, no.
1
:
53
70
.
Gerow
,
Aaron
.
2010
.
Visions of Japanese Modernity: Articulations of Cinema, Nation, and Spectatorship, 1895–1925
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Ghosh
,
Palash
.
2012
. “
As China Urbanizes, India Remains Overwhelmingly Rural
.”
International Business Times
,
January
20
. .
Giddens
,
Anthony
.
1991
.
Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Giddens
,
Anthony
.
1992
.
The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love, and Eroticism in Modern Societies
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Government Information Office (GIO)
.
2009
.
Republic of China Yearbook
.
Taipei
:
Government Information Office
.
Government Information Office (GIO)
.
2013
. “
Mass Media
.” In
Republic of China Yearbook
.
Taipei
:
Government Information Office
.
Goodman
,
David S. G.
, ed.
2008
.
The New Rich in China: Future Rulers, Present Lives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Goodman
,
David S. G.
2013
. “
Conclusion: What’s Wrong with Inequality, Power, Culture and Opportunity
.” In
Unequal China: The Political Economy and Cultural Politics of Inequality
, ed.
Sun
Wanning
and
Guo
Yingjie
,
200
208
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Gooptu
,
Nandini
.
2013
.
Introduction to Enterprise Culture in Neoliberal India
, ed.
Gooptu
Nandini
,
1
24
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Greenhalgh
,
Susan
.
1994
. “
De-Orientalizing the Chinese Family Firm
.”
American Ethnologist
21
, no.
4
:
746
75
.
Greenhalgh
,
Susan
.
2005
. “
Globalization and Population Governance in China
.” In
Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems
, ed.
Ong
Aihwa
and
Collier
Stephen J.
,
354
72
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
.
Guenzi
,
Caterina
.
2012
. “
The Allotted Share: Managing Fortune in Astrological Counseling in Contemporary India
.”
Social Analysis
56
, no.
2
:
39
55
.
Guha
,
Ranajit
.
1997
.
Dominance without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Gao
,
Xin 漓欣
.
2011
.
“我国生活类电瘺絾目类型研究” [A study of the various genres of life-themed television programs in China]
.
Master’s thesis
,
Northeast Normal University
.
Guo
,
Zhenzhi
.
2007
. “
Television Regulation and China’s Entry into the WTO
.” In
Internationalization of the Chinese TV Sector
, ed.
Kops
Manfred
and
Ollig
Stefan
,
41
54
.
Berlin
:
Lit Verlag
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
, and
Sharma
Aradhana
.
2006
. “
Globalization and Postcolonial States
.”
Current Anthropology
47
, no.
2
:
277
307
.
Gurtoo
,
Himani Chandna
.
2012
. “
Spiritual Small Screen
.”
Hindustan Times
,
September
23
. .
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
.
1999
.
The Saffron Wave: Democracy and Hindu Nationalism in Modern India
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Harindranath
,
Ramaswami
.
2013
. “
The Cultural Politics of Metropolitan and Vernacular Lifestyles in India
.”
Media International Australia, Incorporating Culture and Policy
147
:
147
56
.
Hartley
,
John
.
1999
.
Uses of Television
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hearn
,
Alison
.
2009
. “
Insecure: Narratives and Economies of the Branded Self in Transformation Television
.” In
TV Transformations: Revealing the Makeover Show
, ed.
Lewis
Tania
,
55
63
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Heller
,
Dana A.
, ed.
2007
.
Makeover Television: Realities Remodelled
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
.
Hershatter
,
Gail
.
2007
.
Women in China’s Long Twentieth Century
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Hindu
.
2014
. “
Court Refuses to Ban Astrology-Based TV Shows
.”
Hindu
,
December
14
. .
Hoffman
,
Lisa
.
2006
. “
Autonomous Choices and Patriotic Professionalism: On Governmentality in Late-Socialist China
.”
Economy and Society
35
, no.
4
:
550
70
.
Hoffman
,
Lisa
.
2010
.
Patriotic Professionalism in Urban China
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Holden
,
Todd Joseph Miles
, and
Ergül
Hakan
.
2006
. “
Japan’s Televisual Discourses: Infotainment, Intimacy, and the Construction of a Collective uchi
.” In
Medi@sia: Global Media/tion In and Out of Context
, ed.
Holden
Todd Joseph Miles
and
Scrase
Timothy J.
,
105
27
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Hollows
,
Joanne
.
2003
. “
Feeling like a Domestic Goddess: Postfeminism and Cooking
.”
European Journal of Cultural Studies
6
, no.
2
:
179
202
.
Hong
,
Qizhen 洪琪真
.
2012
.
“紀實娛樂柅澭的國楥化策略分析” [The International Strategy of Real-World Entertainment Channel]
.
Master’s thesis
,
National Chengchi University
,
Taiwan
,
Businesss Management Studies
.
Hong
,
Yu
.
2010
. “
The Politics of a Socialist Harmonious Society in the Aftermath of China’s Neoliberal Development
.”
Chinese Journal of Communication
3
, no.
3
:
311
28
.
Hong Fincher
,
Leta
.
2014
.
Leftover Women: The Resurgence of Gender Inequality in China
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Hoover
,
Stewart M.
2006
.
Religion in the Media Age
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Hoover
,
Stewart M.
, and
Park
Jin Kyu
.
2005
. “
The Anthropology of Religious Meaning Making in the Digital Age
.” In
Media Anthropology
, ed.
Rothenbuhler
Eric
and
Coman
Mihai
,
247
59
London
:
Sage
.
Hsiao
,
Hsin-Huang Michael
.
2010
. “
Placing China’s Middle Class in the Asia-Pacific Context
.” In
China’s Emerging Middle Class: Beyond Economic Transformation
, ed.
Li
Cheng
,
245
63
.
Washington, DC
:
Brookings Institution Press
.
Hsiao
,
Hsin-Huang Michael
.
2014
. “
Characterizing the Middle Classes in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and Urban China
.” In
Chinese Middle Classes: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and China
, ed.
Hsiao
Hsin-Huang Michael
,
3
13
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Hsiung
,
Ping-Chun
.
1996
.
Living Rooms as Factories: Class, Gender, and the Satellite Factory System in Taiwan
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Hu
,
Yang
, and
Scott
Jacqueline
.
2014
. “
Family and Gender Values in China: Generational, Geographic, and Gender Differences
.”
Journal of Family Issues
(
April
7
).
doi: 10.1177/0192513X14528710
.
Hua
,
Wen
.
2013
.
Buying Beauty: Cosmetic Surgery in China
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Huang
,
C. Julia
.
2008
. “
Gendered Charisma in the Buddhist Tzu Chi (Ciji) Movement
.”
Nova Religio-Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions
12
, no.
2
:
29
47
.
Huang
,
C. Julia
.
2009
.
Charisma and Compassion: Cheng Yen and the Buddhist Tzu Chi Movement
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Huang
,
Junjie 愼俊杰
.
2013
.
“瘺杯瓦瘝电瘺” [Video is eroding television]
.
新周刊 [New Weekly]
391
:
26
28
.
Illouz
,
Eva
.
1997
.
Consuming the Romantic Utopia: Love and the Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Illouz
,
Eva
.
2012
.
Why Love Hurts: A Sociological Explanation
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
India Brand Equity Foundation
.
2003
. “
India’s New Opportunity—2020
.” .
India Today
.
2014
. “
Censor Board Snips Sleazy Shows on TV
.”
India Today
,
August
1
. .
Institute of Media and Communications Policy
.
2013
. “
Media Data Base: Discovery Communications
.” .
International Monetary Fund
.
2013
. “
World Economic Outlook [WEO] 2013
.” .
Iwabuchi
,
Koichi
.
2002
.
Recentering Globalization: Popular Culture and Japanese Transnationalism
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Iwabuchi
,
Koichi
, ed.
2004
.
Feeling Asian Modernities: Transnational Consumption of Japanese TV Dramas
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Jacka
,
Tamara
.
2006
.
Rural Women in Urban China: Gender, Migration, and Social Change
.
Armonk, NY
:
M. E. Sharpe
.
Jackson
,
Peter
.
2009
. “
Markets, Media and Magic: Thailand’s Monarch as a ‘Virtual Deity.’
Inter-Asia Cultural Studies
10
, no.
3
:
361
80
.
Jain
,
Bhavika
.
2010
. “
62% of Mumbai Lives in Slums: Census
.”
Hindustan Times
,
October
17
. .
Jeffrey
,
Robin
.
2002
. “
Communications and Capitalism in India, 1750–2010
.”
South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies
25
:
61
75
.
Jenkins
,
Richard
.
2000
. “
Disenchantment, Enchantment and Re-Enchantment: Max Weber at the Millennium
.”
Max Weber Studies
1
:
11
32
.
Jensen
,
Robert
, and
Oster
Emily
.
2009
. “
The Power of TV: Cable Television and Women’s Status in India
.”
Quarterly Journal of Economics
124
:
1057
94
.
Jones
,
Gavin W.
2007
. “
Delayed Marriage and Very Low Fertility in Pacific Asia
.”
Population and Development Review
33
, no.
3
:
453
78
.
Kaiman
,
Jonathan
.
2014
. “
China Gets Richer But More Unequal
.”
Guardian
,
July
28
. .
Kang
,
Myung-koo
.
2004
. “
East Asian Modernities and the Formation of Media and Cultural Studies
.” In
The SAGE Handbook of Media Studies
, ed.
Downing
John D. H.
,
McQuail
Denis
,
Schlesinger
Philip
, and
Wartella
Ellen
,
271
88
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
.
Kapur
,
Jyotsna
.
2009
. “
An ‘Arranged Love’ Marriage: India’s Neoliberal Turn and the Bollywood Wedding Culture Industry
.”
Communication, Culture and Critique
2
, no.
2
:
221
33
.
Karlström
,
Mikael
.
2004
. “
Modernity and Its Aspirants: Moral Community and Developmental Eutopianism in Buganda
.”
Current Anthropology
45
, no.
5
:
596
619
.
Kasbekar
,
Asha
.
2006
.
Pop Culture India! Media, Arts, and Lifestyle
.
Santa Barbara, CA
:
ABC-CLIO
.
Kaufmann
,
Vincent
,
Bergman
Manfred Max
, and
Joye
Dominique
.
2004
. “
Motility: Mobility as Capital
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
28
, no.
4
:
745
56
.
Kaul
,
Mahima
.
2013
. “
Saradha Group Scandal Exposes Ties between India’s Media, Politicians
.”
Uncut: Free Speech on the Frontline
,
May
8
. .
Kavka
,
Misha
.
2004
. “
The Queering of Reality TV
.”
Feminist Media Studies
4
, no.
2
:
220
22
.
Kavka
,
Misha
.
2006
. “
Changing Properties: The Makeover Show Crosses the Atlantic
.” In
The Great American Makeover: Television, History, Nation
, ed.
Heller
Dana
,
211
29
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2002
. “
As a Hundred Television Formats Bloom, a Thousand Television Stations Contend
.”
Journal of Contemporary China
11
, no.
30
:
5
16
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2004a
. “
Asia: New Growth Areas
.” In
Television across Asia: TV Industries, Programme Formats and Globalisation
, ed.
Keane
Michael
and
Moran
Albert
,
9
20
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2004b
. “
It’s All in a Game: Television Formats in the People’s Republic of China
.” In
Rogue Flows: Trans-Asian Cultural Traffic
, ed.
Iwabuchi
Koichi
,
Muecke
Stephen
, and
Thomas
Mandy
,
61
62
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2015
.
The Chinese Television Industry
.
London
:
BFI/Palgrave Macmillan
.
Keane
,
Michael
,
Fung
Anthony Y. H.
, and
Moran
Albert
.
2007
.
New Television, Globalisation, and the East Asian Cultural Imagination
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Keane
,
Michael
, and
Moran
Albert
, eds.
2003
.
Television across Asia: Formats, Television Industries and Globalization
.
London
:
Routledge Curzon
.
Kelsky
,
Karen
.
2001
.
Women on the Verge: Japanese Women, Western Dreams
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Kim
,
Youna
.
2011
.
Transnational Migration, Media and Identity of Asian Women: Diasporic Daughters
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Kipnis
,
Andrew
.
2006
. “
Suzhi: A Keyword Approach
.”
China Quarterly
186
:
295
313
.
Kleinman
,
Arthur
,
Yan
Yunxiang
,
Jun
Jing
,
Lee
Sing
,
Zhang
Everett
,
Tianshu
Pan
,
Fei
Wu
, and
Jinhua
Guo
.
2011
.
Deep China: The Moral Life of a Person
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Knauft
,
Bruce M.
2002
. “
Critically Modern: An Introduction
.” In
Critically Modern: Alternatives, Alterities, Anthropologies
, ed.
Knauft
Bruce M.
,
1
54
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Kohli
,
Atul
.
2006
. “
Politics of Economic Growth in India, 1980–2005: Part I: The 1980s
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
41
, no.
13
:
1251
59
.
Kohli-Khandekar
,
Vanita
.
2014
. “
Getting into Rural India
.”
Mid-Day
,
July
25
. .
Kong
,
Tat Yang
.
2005
. “
Labour and Neo-Liberal Globalization in South Korea and Taiwan
.”
Modern Asian Studies
39
, no.
1
:
155
88
.
Kotwal
,
Ashok
,
Bharat
Ramaswami
, and
Wilima
Wadhwa
.
2011
. “
Economic Liberalization and Indian Economic Growth: What’s the Evidence?
Journal of Economic Literature
49
, no.
4
:
1152
99
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan
.
2007
.
Hybridity, or the Cultural Logic of Globalization
.
India
:
Pearson Education
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan
.
2008
. “
Reality TV and Multiple Modernities in the Arab World: A Theoretical Exploration
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
1
, no.
1
:
49
59
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan
, and
Sender
Katherine
, eds.
2011
.
The Politics of Reality Television: Global Perspectives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Kuang
,
Chung-Hsiang
.
2011
. “
The Three-Pronged Approach to Reforming Taiwan’s Media under Neoliberalism
.”
Capitalism Nature Socialism
22
, no.
2
:
72
87
.
Kumar
,
Shanti
.
2014
. “
Media Industries in India: An Emerging Regional Framework
.”
Media Industries
1
, no.
2
. .
Lakha
,
Salim
.
1999
. “
The State, Globalisation and Indian Middle Class Identity
.” In
Culture and Privilege in Capitalist Asia
, ed.
Pinches
Michael
,
252
74
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
1997
. “
Indian Films and Nigerian Lovers: Media and the Creation of Parallel Modernities
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
67
, no.
3
:
406
40
.
Lee
,
Anru
.
2004
.
In the Name of Harmony and Prosperity: Labor and Gender Politics in Taiwan’s Economic Restructuring
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
.
Lee
,
Ching Kwan
.
2014
. “
A Chinese Developmental State: Miracle or Mirage?
” In
The End of the Developmental State?
, ed.
Williams
Michelle
,
230
76
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Lee
,
Ching Kwan
, and
Selden
Mark
.
2007
. “
China’s Durable Inequality: Legacies of Revolution and Pitfalls of Reform
.”
Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus
. .
Lee
,
Leo Ou-Fan
.
1999
.
Shanghai Modern: The Flowering of a New Urban Culture in China, 1930–1945
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
.
[1971] 2002
.
Everyday Life in the Modern World
.
London
:
Continuum
.
Leng
,
Zhihongô
and
Xu
Yuqi
冷智宏
,
瑈玉琪
.
2003
.
电瘺生活服务类絾目æ 定位、 形态与包眻》ô 中国广播电瘺出版社 [Shenghuo-themed television programs: Definitions, forms, and packaging]
.
Beijing
:
China Broadcasting and Television Publishing
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2007
. “
‘He Needs to Face His Fears with These Five Queers!’: Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, Makeover TV and the Lifestyle Expert
.”
Television and New Media
8
, no.
4
:
285
311
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2008
.
Smart Living: Lifestyle Media and Popular Expertise
.
New York
:
Peter Lang
.
Lewis
,
Tania
, ed.
2009
.
TV Transformations: Revealing the Makeover Show
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2011a
. “
Making over Culture? Lifestyle Television and Contemporary Pedagogies of Selfhood in Singapore
.”
Communication, Politics and Culture
44
, no.
1
:
21
32
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2011b
. “
‘You’ve Put Yourselves on a Plate’: The Labours of Selfhood on MasterChef Australia
.” In
Real Class: Ordinary People and Reality Television across National Spaces
, ed.
Skeggs
Beverley
and
Wood
Helen
,
104
16
.
London
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2014
. “
Lifestyle Media
.” In
The Cultural Intermediaries Reader
, ed.
Maguire
Jennifer Smith
and
Matthews
Julian
,
134
44
.
London
:
Sage
.
Lewis
,
Tania
,
Martin
Fran
, and
Sun
Wanning
.
2012
. “
Lifestyling Asia? Shaping Modernity and Selfhood on Life Advice Programming
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
15
, no.
6
:
537
66
.
Li
,
Chunling
.
2013
. “
Sociopolitical Attitudes of the Middle Class and the Implications for Political Transition
.” In
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
, ed.
Chen
Minglu
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
12
33
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Elgar
.
Li
,
Chunling
.
2014
. “
A Profile of the Middle Classes in Today’s China
.” In
Chinese Middle Classes: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and China
, ed.
Hsiao
Hsin-Huang Michael
,
78
94
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Liao
,
Pei-Ru
.
2012
. “
The Mediating Role of Mediatised Religious Content: An Example of Buddhist Institutional Use of Prime-Time Dramas
.”
Australian Journal of Communication
39
, no.
1
:
37
51
.
Liechty
,
Mark
.
2003
.
Suitably Modern: Making Middle-Class Culture in a New Consumer Society
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Lin
,
Chun
.
2015
. “
The Language of Class in China
.”
Socialist Register
51
:
24
53
.
Lin
,
Shih De
,
Shu
Shih De
, and
Chan
Joseph
, eds.
2010
. “
Tzu Chi: Inspiring Great Love around the World
.” .
Lin
,
Yu-han 林妤函
.
2011
. “
女性當家á 甹疏性節目 《今晚畐當家》 中的大翿婆意 璨緹當代儒家式的「家庭」展演”》” [Woman as family head? Head-wife consciousness and the performance of contemporary Confucian-style “Family” in the talk show Who’s Family Head Tonight]
.
Master’s thesis
,
National Taiwan Normal University
,
Taiwan
.
Litzinger
,
Ralph
.
2008
. “
Afterword: Thinking Outside the Leninist Corporate Box
.” In
Privatizing China: Socialism from Afar
, ed.
Zhang
Li
and
Ong
Aihwa
,
230
36
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Liu
,
Yu-Li
, and
Chen
Yi-Hsiang
.
2003
. “
Cloning, Adaptation, Import and Originality: Taiwan in the Global Television Format Business
.” In
Television across Asia: TV Industries, Programme Formats and Globalisation
, ed.
Keane
Michael
and
Moran
Albert
,
54
73
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lobato
,
Ramon
.
2012
.
Shadow Economies of Cinema: Mapping Informal Film Distribution
.
London
:
Palgrave Macmillan for the British Film Institute
.
Lu
,
Hwei-syin
.
1998
. “
Gender and Buddhism in Contemporary Taiwan: A Case Study of Tzu Chi Foundation
.”
Proceedings of the National Science Council, Part C: Humanities and Social Sciences
8
, no.
4
:
539
50
.
Luhmann
,
Niklas
.
1998
.
Love as Passion: The Codification of Intimacy
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Lull
,
James
.
1992
.
China Turned On: Television, Reform, and Resistance
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lury
,
Celia
.
1996
.
Consumer Culture
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Lutgendorf
,
Philip
.
1997
. “
All in the (Raghu) Family: A Video Epic in Cultural Context
.” In
Media and the Transformation of Religions in South Asia
, ed.
Babb
Lawrence
and
Wadley
Susan
,
217
53
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Lynes
,
Russell
.
1954
.
The Tastemakers
.
New York
:
Grosset and Dunlap
.
Ma
,
Eric
.
2012
.
Desiring Hong Kong, Consuming South China: Transborder Cultural Politics 1970–2010
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Madsen
,
Richard
.
2007
.
Democracy’s Dharma: Religious Renaissance and Political Development in Taiwan
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Madsen
,
Richard
.
2008
. “
Religious Renaissance and Taiwan’s Modern Middle Classes
.” In
Chinese Religiosities: Afflictions of Modernity and State Formation
, ed.
Yang
Mayfair Mei-hui
,
295
322
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Marston
,
Sallie
, and
Smith
Neil
.
2001
. “
States, Scales and Households: Limits to Scale Thinking; A Response to Brenner
.”
Progress in Human Geography
25
, no.
4
:
615
19
.
Martelli
,
Stefano
, and
Cappello
Gianna
.
2005
. “
Religion in the Television-Mediated Public Sphere: Transformations and Paradoxes
.”
International Review of Sociology
15
, no.
2
:
243
57
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2010
.
Backward Glances: Contemporary Chinese Cultures and the Female Homoerotic Imaginary
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2013
. “
‘A Tangle of People Messing around Together’: Taiwanese Variety Television and the Mediation of Women’s Affective Labour
.”
Cultural Studies
27
, no.
2
:
207
24
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2016a
. “
Differential (Im)mobilities: Imaginative Transnationalism in Taiwanese Women’s Travel TV
.” In
Lifestyle Media in Asia: Consumption, Aspiration and Identity
, ed.
Martin
Fran
and
Lewis
Tania
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2016b
. “
From Sparrow to Phoenix: Imagining Gender Transformation through Taiwanese Women’s Variety TV
.”
positions: asia critique
24
, no.
2
:
369
401
.
Martin
,
Fran
, and
Heinrich
Larissa
, eds.
2006
.
Embodied Modernities: Corporeality, Representation, and Chinese Cultures
.
Honolulu
:
University of Hawai‘i Press
.
Martin
,
Fran
, and
Lewis
Tania
.
2012
. “
Lifestyling Women: Emergent Femininities on Singapore and Taiwan Television
.” In
The Precarious Self: Women and the Media in Asia
, ed.
Kim
Youna
,
53
76
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Martin
,
Fran
, and
Lewis
Tania
, eds.
2016
.
Lifestyle Media in Asia: Consumption, Aspiration and Identity
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.
2003
.
Shoveling Smoke: Advertising and Globalization in Contemporary India
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.
2012
. “
‘Reality Must Improve’: The Perversity of Expertise and the Belatedness of Indian Development Television
.”
Global Media and Communication
8
:
215
41
.
McCarthy
,
Anna
.
2001
.
Ambient Television: Visual Culture and Public Space
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
McCracken
,
Ellen
.
1993
.
Decoding Women’s Magazines
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Macmillan
.
McCracken
,
Grant David
.
2005
.
Culture and Consumption II: Markets, Meaning, and Brand Management
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
McMillin
,
Divya C.
2001
. “
Localizing the Global: Television and Hybrid Programming in India
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
4
:
45
68
.
Mehta
,
Nalin
.
2008
.
Television in India: Satellites, Politics and Cultural Change
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Meng
,
Dan 孟丹
.
2013
. “
狓时尚 絾目形态分析
[An analysis of Pretty Trendy’s program style]. 新樅传播 [News and Broadcasting]
2
:
63
.
Miller
,
Daniel
.
2009
.
The Comfort of Things
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Miller
,
Toby
.
2007
.
Cultural Citizenship: Cosmopolitanism, Consumerism, and Television in a Neoliberal Age
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Ministry of Home Affairs
.
2001
. “
Census Data Online
.”
Government of India
. .
Moores
,
Shaun
.
2012
.
Media, Place and Mobility
.
Basingstoke
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Moorti
,
Sujata
.
2004
. “
Fashioning a Cosmopolitan Tamil Identity: Game Shows, Commodities and Cultural Identity
.”
Media, Culture and Society
26
:
549
67
.
Moran
,
Albert
.
1998
.
Copycat Television: Globalisation, Program Formats and Cultural Identity
.
Luton, UK
:
University of Luton Press
.
Morley
,
David
.
2000
.
Home Territories: Media, Mobility and Identity
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Morley
,
David
.
2009
. “
For a Materialist, Non Media-Centric Media Studies
.”
Television and New Media
10
, no.
1
:
114
16
.
Moseley
,
Rachel
.
2000
. “
Makeover Takeover on British Television
.”
Screen
41
, no.
3
:
299
314
.
Mukhopadhyay
,
Bhaskar
.
2006
. “
Cultural Studies and Politics in India Today
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
23
, nos.
7–8
:
279
92
.
Münster
,
Daniel
, and
Strümpell
Christian
.
2014
. “
The Anthropology of Neoliberal India: An introduction
.”
Contributions to Indian Sociology
48
, no.
1
:
1
16
.
Murphy
,
Patrick D.
, and
Kraidy
Marwan M.
, eds.
2003
.
Global Media Studies: Ethnographic Perspectives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Nanda
,
Meera
.
2011
.
The God Market: How Globalization Is Making India More Hindu
.
New York
:
New York University Press
.
Naughton
,
Barry
.
2006
.
The Chinese Economy: Growth and Transitions
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
Neveling
,
Patrick
.
2014
. “
Structural Contingencies and Untimely Coincidences in the Making of Neoliberal India: The Kandla Free Trade Zone, 1965–91
.”
Contributions to Indian Sociology
48
, no.
1
:
17
43
.
Neves
,
Joshua
.
2015
. “
The Long Commute: Mobile Television and the Seamless Social
.” In
Chinese Television in the Twenty-First Century: Entertaining the Nation
, ed.
Bai
Ruoyun
and
Song
Geng
,
51
66
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Nijman
,
Jan
.
2006
. “
Mumbai’s Mysterious Middle Class
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
30
:
758
75
.
Noonan
,
Caitriona
.
2011
. “
‘Big Stuff in a Beautiful Way with Interesting People’: The Spiritual Discourse in UK Religious Television
.”
European Journal of Cultural Studies
14
, no.
6
:
727
46
.
Oakes
,
Tim
, and
Schein
Louisa
.
2006
.
Introduction to Translocal China: Linkages, Identities, and the Reimagining of Space
, ed.
Oakes
Tim
and
Schein
Louisa
,
1
35
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Oakes
,
Timothy
.
1998
.
Tourism and Modernity in China
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Oakes
,
Timothy
.
1999
. “
Selling Guizhou: Cultural Development in an Era of Marketization
.” In
The Political Economy of China’s Provinces
, ed.
Hendrishke
Hans
and
Feng
Chongyi
,
31
67
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Oba
,
Goro
, and
Chan-Olmstead
Sylvia M.
.
2005
. “
The Development of Cable Television in East Asian Countries: A Comparative Analysis of Determinants
.”
Gazette: The International Journal for Communication Studies
67
, no.
3
:
211
37
.
Ohm
,
Britta
.
2011
. “
The Secularism of the State and the Secularism of Consumption: ‘Honesty,’ ‘Treason’ and the Dynamics of Religious Visibility on Television in India
.”
European Journal of Cultural Studies
14
, no.
6
:
664
84
.
O’Neill
,
Mark
.
2010
.
Tzu Chi: Serving with Compassion
.
Singapore
:
John Wiley
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
1999
.
Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
2007
. “
Neoliberalism as a Mobile Technology
”.
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
32
, no.
1
:
3
8
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
2008
. “
Self-fashioning Shanghainese: Dancing across Spheres of Value
”. In
Privatizing China: Socialism from Afar
, ed.
Zhang
Li
and
Ong
Aihwa
,
182
96
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
, and
Nonini
M. Donald
, eds.
1997
.
Ungrounded Empires: The Cultural Politics of Modern Chinese Transnationalism
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Oren
,
Tasha
, and
Shahaf
Sharon
, eds.
2012
.
Global Television Formats: Understanding Television across Borders
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Ouellette
,
Laurie
, and
Hay
James
.
2008
.
Better Living through Reality TV: Television and Post-Welfare Citizenship
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Palmer
,
Gareth
.
2004
. “
‘The New You’: Class and Transformation in Lifestyle Television
”. In
Understanding Reality Television
, ed.
Holmes
Su
and
Jermyn
Deborah
,
173
90
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Palmer
,
Gareth
.
2008
.
Exposing Lifestyle Television: The Big Reveal
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Park
,
Bae-Gyoon
,
Hill
Richard Child
, and
Saito
Asato
, eds.
2012
.
Locating Neoliberalism in Asia: Neoliberalizing Spaces in Developmental States
.
Chichester, UK
:
Wiley-Blackwell
.
Pazderic
,
Nickola
.
2013
. “
Smile Chaoyang: Education and Culture in Neoliberal Taiwan
”. In
Global Futures in East Asia: Youth, Nation, and the New Economy in Uncertain Times
, ed.
Anagost
Ann
,
Arai
Andrea
, and
Ren
Hai
,
127
49
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Peng
,
Huanping 彭煥平
, and
缟瀢利
Lianli Hu
.
2009
.
“繁粝图景的缴后æ 电瘺生活服 务类的困境与突围” [Behind the spectacle of prosperity: The dilemma and solutions for shenghuo-themed television programs]
.
中国电瘺 [China Television]
4
:
54
57
.
Pernia
,
Elena
,
Pascual
San
,
Rosel
Maria
, and
Kwon
Dong Hwan
.
2006
. “
Religion in the Box: Viewership of Religious Television Programs in the Philippines
”.
Journal of Communication and Religion
29
, no.
2
:
484
510
.
Pertierra
,
Ana Cristina
, and
Turner
Graeme
.
2013
.
Locating Television: Zones of Consumption
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Petersen
,
Alan
.
1997
. “
Risk, Governance and the New Public Health
”. In
Foucault, Health and Medicine
, ed.
Petersen
Alan R.
and
Bunton
Robin
,
189
206
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Philips
,
Deborah
.
2005
. “
Transformation Scenes: The Television Interior Makeover
”.
International Journal of Cultural Studies
8
, no.
2
:
213
29
.
Powell
,
Helen
, and
Prasad
Sylvie
.
2010
. “
‘As Seen On TV’: The Celebrity Expert: How Taste Is Shaped by Lifestyle Media
”.
Cultural Politics
6
, no.
1
:
111
24
.
Prakash
,
Gyan
.
1999
.
Another Reason: Science and the Imagination of Modern India
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Qiu
,
Ruixian 潏瑞狜
.
2010
.
“‘神医’层出凸显科普困局电瘺睕指传播伪科学” [‘Guru doctors’ appear like mushrooms, pointing to the predicament of science education; Television is accused of spreading pseudo-science]
.
中国新樅网 [China News Web]
. .
Raja
,
John Samuel
.
2014
. “
Actually, the Nuclear Family Is on the Decline in India
”.
Quartz India
,
July
1
. .
Rajagopal
,
Arvind
.
2001
.
Politics after Television: Hindu Nationalism and the Reshaping of the Public in India
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Ramasubramanian
,
Srividya
, and
Jain
Parul
.
2009
. “
Gender Stereotypes and Normative Heterosexuality in Matrimonial Ads from Globalizing India
”.
Asian Journal of Communication
19
:
253
69
.
Ray
,
Manas
, and
Jacka
Elizabeth
.
1996
. “
Indian Television: An Emerging Regional Force
”. In
New Patterns in Global Television: Peripheral Vision
, ed.
Sinclair
John
,
Jacka
Elizabeth
, and
Cunningham
Stuart
,
83
100
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2002
. “
The New Agents: Personal Transfiguration and Radical Privatization in New Age Self-Help
”.
Journal of Consumer Culture
2
, no.
1
:
33
52
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2007
. “
Makeover Morality and Consumer Culture
”. In
Reading Makeover Television: Realties Remodeled
, ed.
Heller
Dana A.
,
150
64
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2008
. “
Economy and Reflexivity in Makeover Television
”.
Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies
22
, no.
4
:
485
94
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2011
. “
Religion, Cultural Studies and New Age Sacralization of Everyday Life
”.
European Journal of Cultural Studies
14
, no.
6
:
649
63
.
Ren
,
Hai
.
2010
.
Neoliberalism and Culture in Hong Kong: The Countdown of Time
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Ren
,
Hai
.
2013
.
The Middle Class in Neoliberal China: Governing Risk, Life-Building, and Themed Spaces
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Richards
,
Michael
, and
French
David
.
2000
. “
Globalisation, Television and Asia
”. In
Television in Contemporary Asia
, ed.
French
David
and
Richards
Michael
,
13
27
.
London
:
Sage
.
Risk
,
Ahmad
, and
Petersen
Carolyn
.
2002
. “
Health Information on the Internet: Quality Issues and International Initiatives
”.
JAMA
287
, no.
20
:
2713
15
.
Ritzer
,
George
.
2005
.
Enchanting a Disenchanted World: Continuity and Change in the Cathedrals of Consumption
. 3rd ed.
London
:
Pine Forge Press
.
Robbins
,
Joel
.
2002
. “
God Is Nothing but Talk: Modernity, Language and Prayer in a Papua New Guinea Society
”.
American Anthropologist
103
, no.
4
:
901
12
.
Robison
,
Richard
, and
Goodman
David S. G.
.
1996
. “
The New Rich in Asia: Economic Development, Social Status and Political Consciousness
”. In
The New Rich in Asia: Mobile Phones, McDonald’s and Middle-Class Revolution
, ed.
Robison
Richard
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
1
18
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Rodrik
,
Dani
, and
Subramanian
Arvind
.
2004
. “
From ‘Hindu Growth’ to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition
”.
IMF Staff Papers
52
, no.
2
:
193
228
.
Rofel
,
Lisa
.
1999
.
Other Modernities: Gendered Yearnings in China after Socialism
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Rofel
,
Lisa
.
2007
.
Desiring China: Experiments in Neoliberalism, Sexuality, and Public Culture
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Roof
,
Wade Clark
.
1993
.
A Generation of Seekers: The Spiritual Journeys of the Baby Boom Generation
.
San Francisco
:
HarperSanFrancisco
.
Roof
,
Wade Clark
.
2001
.
Spiritual Marketplace: Baby Boomers and the Remaking of American Religion
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
1989
.
Governing the Soul: The Shaping of the Private Self
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
1996
.
Inventing Our Selves: Psychology, Power, and Personhood
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Roy
,
Abhijit
.
2008
. “
Bringing up TV: Popular Culture and the Developmental Modern in India
”.
South Asian Popular Culture
6
:
29
43
.
Roy
,
Abhijit
.
2012
. “
A Reflexive Turn in Television Studies? Conjectures from South Asia
”.
South Asian History and Culture
3
, no.
4
:
636
48
.
Schmidt
,
Volker H.
2006
. “
Multiple Modernities or Varieties of Modernity?
Current Sociology
54
, no.
1
:
77
97
.
Schwarcz
,
Vera
.
1986
.
The Chinese Enlightenment: Intellectuals and the Legacy of the May Fourth Movement of 1919
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Sen
,
Biswarup
, and
Roy
Abhijit
.
2014
.
Introduction to Channeling Cultures: Television Studies from India
, ed.
Sen
Biswarup
and
Roy
Abhijit
,
1
16
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
.
Shambaugh
,
David
.
2013
.
China Goes Global: The Partial Power
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Shen
,
Huiping 沈慧篳
.
2009
. “
濱析上海电生活瘺服务类絾目” [A probing analysis of the service-oriented television programs on Shanghai TV]
.
新樅爱好翻 [Journalism Enthusiasts]
11
:
180
81
.
Sherman
,
Yael D.
2008
. “
Fashioning Femininity: Clothing the Body and the Self in What Not to Wear
”. In
Exposing Lifestyle Television: The Big Reveal
, ed.
Palmer
Gareth
,
49
63
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Shih
,
Chih-yu
.
2003
.
Negotiating Ethnicity in China: Citizenship as a Response to the State
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Shih
,
Shu-mei
.
2001
.
The Lure of the Modern: Writing Modernism in Semicolonial China, 1917–1937
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Shirk
,
Susan
.
2007
.
China: Fragile Superpower
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Shivakumar
,
Girija
.
2013
. “
India Is Set to Become the Youngest Country by 2020
”.
Hindu
,
April
17
. .
Shome
,
Raka
.
2012
. “
Asian Modernities: Culture, Politics and Media
”.
Global Media and Communication
8
, no.
3
:
199
214
.
Shrinivasan
,
Rukmini
.
2012
. “
200 Million Indians Have No TV, Phone or Radio
”.
Times of India
,
March
14
. .
Shukla
,
Rajesh
.
2010
.
How India Earns, Spends and Saves: Unmasking the Real India
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
.
Shumway
,
David R.
2003
.
Modern Love: Romance, Intimacy, and the Marriage Crisis
.
New York
:
New York University Press
.
Silverstone
,
Roger
.
1994
.
Television and Everyday Life
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sinclair
,
John
,
Jacka
Elizabeth
, and
Cunningham
Stuart
, eds.
1996
.
New Patterns in Global Television: Peripheral Vision
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Skeggs
,
Beverley
.
2005
. “
The Making of Class and Gender through Visualizing Moral Subject Formation
”.
Sociology
39
, no.
5
:
965
82
.
Skeggs
,
Beverley
, and
Wood
Helen
.
2009
. “
The Labour of Transformation and Circuits of Value ‘around’ Reality Television
”. In
TV Transformations: Revealing the Makeover Show
, ed.
Lewis
Tania
,
119
32
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Skeggs
,
Beverley
, and
Wood
Helen
.
2012
.
Reality Television: Performance, Audience and Value
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Srinivas
,
Tulasi
.
2010
.
Winged Faith: Rethinking Globalization and Religious Pluralism through the Sathya Sai Movement
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Stockmann
,
Daniela
.
2013
.
Media Commercialization and Authoritarian Rule in China
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Strange
,
Niki
.
1998
. “
Perform, Educate, Entertain: Ingredients of the Cookery Programme Genre
”. In
The Television Studies Book
, ed.
Lusted
David
and
Geraghty
Christine
,
301
12
.
London
:
Arnold
.
Su
,
Herng 秹穖
, and
滓淑文
Shu-Wen Cheng
.
2009
.
“紀實娛乐節目之全球在地化历程—以探索柅澭在台灣為例” [Glocalization of nonfiction entertainment media: Programming strategies of Discovery Communication Inc. in Taiwan]
.
廣播緹椅癪 [Journal of Radio and Television Studies]
30
(
June
):
1
28
.
Subijanto
,
Rianne
.
2011
. “
The Visibility of a Pious Public
”.
Inter-Asia Cultural Studies
12
, no.
2
:
240
53
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2002
. “
Discourse of Poverty: Weakness, Potential and Provincial Identity in Anhui
”. In
Rethinking China’s Provinces
, ed.
Fitzgerald
John
,
153
78
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2005
. “
Anhui Baomu in Shanghai: Gender, Class and a Sense of Place
”. In
Locating China: Space, Place and Popular Culture
, ed.
Wang
Jing
,
171
89
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2007
. “
Dancing with Chains: Significant Moments on Chinese Television
”.
International Journal of Cultural Studies
10
, no.
2
:
187
204
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2009
.
Maid in China: Media, Morality, and the Cultural Politics of Boundaries
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2010
. “
Narrating Translocality: Dagong Poetry and the Subaltern Imagination
”.
Mobilities
5
, no.
3
:
291
309
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2012
. “
Localizing Chinese Media: A Geographic Turn in Media and Communication Research
”. In
Mapping Media in China: Region, Province, Locality
, ed.
Sun
Wanning
and
Chio
Jenny
,
13
27
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2013
. “
Scaling Lifestyle in China: The Emergence of Local Television Cultures and the Cultural Economy of Place-Making
”.
Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy
147
, no.
1
:
62
72
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2014
. “
Teaching People to Live: Shenghuo Television in China
”. In
Chinese Television in the Twenty-First Century: Entertaining the Nation
, ed.
Bai
Ruoyun
and
Song
Geng
,
17
32
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
, and
Chio
Jenny
.
2012
.
Introduction to Mapping Media in China: Region, Province, Locality
, ed.
Sun
Wanning
and
Chio
Jenny
,
3
12
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
, and
Guo
Yingjie
, eds.
2013
.
Unequal China: The Political Economy and Cultural Politics of Inequality
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
, and
Zhao
Yuezhi
.
2009
. “
Television Culture with ‘Chinese Characteristics’: The Politics of Compassion and Education
”. In
Television Studies after TV: Understanding Television in the Post-Broadcast Era
, ed.
Turner
Graeme
and
Tay
Jinna
,
96
104
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Xiaofan 孙晓凡
.
2012
.
“生活方式类真人秀絾目的中国化瘝析” [An Analysis of the China-fication of Lifestyle Reality TV Genre Programs]
.
Master’s thesis
,
Harbin Normal University
,
China
.
Sundaram
,
Ravi
.
2010
.
Pirate Modernity: Delhi’s Media Urbanism
.
London
:
Taylor and Francis
.
Taipei Media Agencies Association
.
2013
.
2013 年台灣媒體白皮書. [Media Book 2013]
.
Industry report
. .
Talwar
,
Ruchika
.
2013
. “
Telly Me the Future
”.
Indian Express
,
May
12
.
Television Audience Measurement (TAM)
.
2011
. “
TAM Annual Universe Update
”. .
Television Audience Measurement (TAM) India
.
2014
. “
TAM Annual Universe Update
”. .
Thomas
,
Amos Owen
.
2005
.
Imaginations and Borderless Television: Media, Culture and Politics across Asia
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
.
Thomas
,
Michael K.
, and
Yang
Wan-Lin
.
2013
. “
Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Creative Educational Destruction in Taiwan
”.
Educational Technology Research and Development
61
, no.
1
:
107
29
.
Thornton
,
Arland
, and
Lin
Hui-sheng
.
1994
.
Social Change and the Family in Taiwan
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Times of India
.
2011
. “
India’s Income Inequality Has Doubled in 20 Years
,”
December
7
. .
Titzmann
,
Fritzi-Marie
.
2011
. “
Medialisation and Social Change—The Indian Online Matrimonial Market as a New Field of Research
”. In
Social Dynamics 2.0: Researching Change in Times of Media Convergence; Case Studies from the Middle East and Asia
, ed.
Schneider
Nadja-Christina
and
Gräf
Bettina
,
49
66
.
Berlin
:
Frank and Timme
.
TLC Asia
.
2013
. “
Fun Taiwan Challenge
”. .
Tsai
,
Ming-Chang
.
2001
. “
Dependency, the State and Class in the Neoliberal Transition of Taiwan
”.
Third World Quarterly
22
, no.
3
:
359
79
.
Tsai
,
Ming-Chang
,
Fan
Gang-Hua
,
Hsiao
Hsin-Huang Michael
, and
Wang
Hong-Zen
.
2014
. “
Profiling the Middle Class in Taiwan Today
”. In
Chinese Middle Classes: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and China
, ed.
Hsiao
Hsin-Huang Michael
,
17
35
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Turner
,
Graeme
.
2009a
.
Ordinary People and the Media: The Demotic Turn
.
London
:
Sage
.
Turner
,
Graeme
.
2009b
. “
Television and the Nation: Does This Matter Anymore?
” In
Television Studies after TV: Understanding Television in the Post-Broadcast Era
, ed.
Turner
Graeme
and
Tay
Jinna
,
54
64
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Turner
,
Graeme
, and
Tay
Jinna
.
2009
.
Television Studies after TV: Understanding Television in the Post-Broadcast Era
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Urry
,
John
.
2002
.
The Tourist Gaze
.
London
:
Sage
.
Urry
,
John
.
2007
.
Mobilities
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Urry
,
John
, and
Larsen
Jonas
.
2011
.
The Tourist Gaze 3.0
.
London
:
Sage
.
Vairon
,
Lionel
.
2013
.
China Threat? The Challenges, Myths, and Realities of China’s Rise
.
New York
:
CN Times Books
.
Varman
,
Rohit
, and
Vikas
Ram Manohar
.
2007
. “
Rising Markets and Failing Health: An Inquiry into Subaltern Health Care Consumption under Neoliberalism
”.
Journal of Macromarketing
27
, no.
2
:
162
72
. .
Waisbord
,
Silvio
.
2004
. “
MCTV: Understanding the Global Popularity of Television Formats
”.
Television and New Media
5
, no.
4
:
359
83
.
Wang
,
Chia-Huang
.
2012
. “
Moving toward Neoliberalization? The Restructuring of the Developmental State and Spatial Planning in Taiwan
”. In
Locating Neoliberalism in Asia
, ed.
Park
Bae-Gyoon
,
Hill
Richard Child
, and
Saito
Asato
,
167
95
.
Chichester, UK
:
Wiley-Blackwell
.
Wang
,
Hong 王私
.
2012
.
“健康类絾目的经篛与发展–以北京电瘺台 《养生堂》 栏目为仴 [The operation and development of health-related television programs: The case study of Beijing TV’s Yangsheng Tang]
.
现代传播 [Modern Communication]
192
, no.
7
:
163
64
.
Wang
,
Jing
.
2005
.
Introduction to Locating China: Space, Place and Popular Culture
, ed.
Wang
Jing
,
1
30
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Wang
,
Lanzhu 王兰柱
, ed.
2012
.
中国电瘺收瘺年涌 [China TV Rating Yearbook]
.
Beijing
:
Zhongguo Zhuanmei Daxue Chubanshe
.
Wang
,
Weimin 王㫿铭
.
1996
.
“穿劣狘制拖桵满瞩爯的女人” [Women running around in the street wearing shoddily made sandals]
.
上海梮年报生活周刊 [Life Weekly of Shanghai Youth Daily]
,
July
27
.
Wang
,
Yalan 王椻秓
.
2010
.
翿總电吃朑大戶稳心渴不習慣 [Honoured Guest Lan Xinmei Unused to Dinner Invitations from Mr President]
,
Yahoo News
. .
Warrier
,
Maya
.
2003
. “
Processes of Secularization in Contemporary India: Guru Faith in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission
”.
Modern Asian Studies
37
, no.
1
:
213
53
.
Warrier
,
Maya
.
2004
.
Hindu Selves in a Modern World: Guru Faith in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Weber
,
Brenda R.
2009
.
Makeover TV: Selfhood, Citizenship, and Celebrity
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Weber
,
Max
.
[1919] 1946
. “
Science as a Vocation
”. In
From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology
, ed.
Gerth
H. H.
and
Mills
C. Wright
,
129
56
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Weber
,
Max
.
[1922] 1963
.
The Sociology of Religion
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
.
Weller
,
Robert P.
1999
.
Alternate Civilities: Democracy and Culture in China and Taiwan
.
Oxford
:
Westview Press
.
Wen
,
Huike
.
2013
.
Television and the Modernization Ideal in 1980s China: Dazzling the Eyes
.
Lanham, MD
:
Lexington Books
.
White
,
James D.
2005
.
Global Media: The Television Revolution in Asia
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Wittrock
,
Björn
.
2000
. “
Modernity: One, None or Many? European Origins and Modernity as a Global Condition
”.
Daedalus
129
, no.
1
:
31
60
.
Wood
,
Helen
, and
Skeggs
Beverley
.
2004
. “
Notes on Ethical Scenarios of Self on British Reality TV
”.
Feminist Media Studies
4
, no.
2
:
205
8
.
Wood
,
Helen
,
Skeggs
Beverley
, and
Thumim
Nancy
.
2008
. “
It’s Just Sad: Mediated Intimacy and the Emotional Labour of Reality Television Viewing
”. In
Feminism, Domesticity and Popular Culture
, ed.
Gillis
Stacy
and
Hollows
Joanne
,
135
50
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Wu
,
Fan 吴凡
.
2010
.
“2009 年全国综綆娱乐絾目收瘺分析” [“An analysis of ratings for general entertainment programs on Chinese television in 2009”]
. In
中国电瘺收 瘺年涌 [China TV Rating Yearbook]
, ed.
Lanzhu
Wang
,
115
30
.
Beijing
:
Zhongguo Zhuanmei Daxue Chubanshe
.
Wu
,
Jing
.
2012
. “
Post-socialist Articulation of Gender Positions: Contested Public Sphere of Reality Dating Shows
”. In
Women and the Media in Asia: The Precarious Self
, ed.
Kim
Youna
,
220
36
.
Houndsmills, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Xinhuanet
.
2011
.
“各界热议广电总局‘限娱令’: 莫为娱乐遗忘道德” [“Discussions on SARFT’s ‘ban on entertainment’: Don’t forget morality in pursuit of entertainment”]
.
Xinhuanet
,
October
28
. .
Xu
,
Fei 徐梢
.
1996
.
“‘穿‘文宣扬了什么’” [“What does the article on ‘clothing’ promote?”]
.
新安晚报 [Xi’an Evening Post]
,
August
7
.
Xu
,
Janice Hua
.
2007
. “
Brand-New Lifestyle: Consumer-Oriented Programmes on Chinese Television
”.
Media, Culture and Society
29
, no.
3
:
363
76
.
Xu
,
Junqian
.
2011
. “
Chanel Finds a Fashionable Home on Channel Young
”.
China Daily
,
February
28
. .
Yan
,
Hairong
.
2008
.
New Masters, New Servants: Migration, Development, and Women Workers in China
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Yan
,
Yunxiang
.
2009
.
The Individualization of Chinese Society
.
Oxford
:
Berg
.
Yan
,
Yunxiang
.
2010
. “
The Chinese Path to Individualization
”.
British Journal of Sociology
61
, no.
3
:
490
513
.
Yang
,
Fang-chih Irene
.
2002
. “
Variety Shows: Exploring the Genre of the ‘Most Local Show’ in Taiwan
”.
Dong Hwa Journal of Humanistic Studies
4
:
295
330
.
Yang
,
Frang-chih Irene
.
2008
. “
The Gentrification of ‘Korean drama’ in Taiwan
”.
China Information
22
, no.
2
:
277
304
.
Yang
,
Fang-chih Irene
.
2016
. “
Empresses in the Palace and the Project of ‘Neoliberalization through China’ in Taiwan
”. In
Lifestyle Media in Asia: Consumption, Aspiration and Identity
, ed.
Martin
Fran
and
Lewis
Tania
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Yang
,
Jie
.
2014
. “
The Happiness of the Marginalized: Affect, Counseling, and Self-Reflexivity in China
”. In
The Political Economy of Affect and Emotion in East Asia
, ed.
Yang
Jie
,
45
61
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Yang
,
Mayfair Mei-hui
.
2004
. “
Goddess across the Taiwan Strait: Matrifocal Ritual Space, Nation-State, and Satellite Television Footprints
”.
Public Culture
16
, no.
2
:
209
38
.
Yi
,
Chin-chun
, and
Lin
Ju-ping
.
2009
. “
Types of Relations between Adult Children and Elderly Parents in Taiwan: Mechanisms Accounting for Various Relational Types
”.
Journal of Comparative Family Studies
40
, no.
2
:
305
24
.
Yu
,
Wei-Hsin
, and
Su
Kuo-Hsien
.
2009
. “
On One’s Own: Self-Employment Activity in Taiwan
”. In
The Reemergence of Self-Employment: A Comparative Study of Self-Employment Dynamics and Social Inequality
, ed.
Arum
Richard
and
Müller
Walter
,
388
425
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Zha
,
Jianying
.
1995
.
China Pop: How Soap Operas, Tabloids and Bestsellers Are Transforming a Culture
.
New York
:
New Press
.
Zhang
,
Jun
, and
Sun
Peidong
.
2014
. “
When Are You Going to Get Married? Parental Matchmaking and Middle-Class Women in Contemporary Urban China
”. In
Wives, Husbands, and Lovers: Marriage and Sexuality in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Urban China
, ed.
Davis
Deborah S.
and
Friedman
Sara L.
,
118
44
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Zhang
,
Li
, and
Ong
Aihwa
.
2008
. “
Introduction: Privatizing China: Powers of the Self, Socialism from Afar
”. In
Privatizing China: Powers of the Self, Socialism from Afar
, ed.
Zhang
Li
and
Ong
Aihwa
,
1
19
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Zhang
,
Xiaoling
, and
Guo
Zhenzhi
.
2012
. “
Hegemony and Counter-Hegemony: The Politics of Dialects in TV Programs in China
”.
Chinese Journal of Communication
5
, no.
3
:
300
315
.
Zhao
,
Wuzhou 趙五洲
.
2012
.
“瘝琅 《狓时尚》 的策划思维” [Deconstructing Pretty Trendy’s planning and thinking]
.
华章 [Huazhang]
36
:
303
.
Zhao
,
Yuezhi
.
1998
.
Media, Market, and Democracy in China: Between the Party Line and the Bottom Line
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
.
Zhao
,
Yuezhi
.
2008a
.
Communication in China: Political Economy, Power, and Conflict
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowman and Littlefield
.
Zhao
,
Yuezhi
.
2008b
. “
Neo-liberal Strategies, Socialist Legacies: Communication and State Transformation in China
”. In
Global Communications: Towards a Transcultural Political Economy
, ed.
Chakravarty
Paula
and
Zhao
Yuezhi
,
23
50
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowman and Littlefield
.
Zhao
,
Yuezhi
, and
Guo
Zhenzhi
.
2005
. “
Television in China: History, Political Economy, and Ideology
”. In
A Companion to Television
, ed.
Wasko
Janet
,
521
39
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
.
Zhou
,
Yuanzhi
.
2012
. “
Capitalizing China’s Media Industry: The Installation of Capitalist Production in the Chinese TV and Film Sectors
”.
PhD diss.
,
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
.
Zhu
,
Ying
.
2012
.
Two Billion Eyes: The Story of China Central Television
.
New York
:
New Press
.
Zhu
,
Ying
, and
Berry
Chris
, eds.
2009
.
TV China
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Zhu
,
Ying
,
Keane
Michael
, and
Bai
Ruoyun
.
2008
.
TV Drama in China
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Works Cited

Works Cited
Abu-Lughod
,
Janet
.
1989
.
Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250–1350
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Abu-Lughod
,
Lila
.
2008
.
Dramas of Nationhood: The Politics of Television in Egypt
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Amin
,
Ash
.
2002
. “
Spatialities of Globalisation
.”
Environment and Planning A
34
, no.
3
:
385
99
.
Anagnost
,
Ann
.
2004
. “
The Corporeal Politics of Quality (Suzhi)
.”
Public Culture
16
, no.
2
:
89
108
.
Anderson
,
Benedict
.
1983
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
.
London
:
Verso
.
Anderson
,
Stewart
, and
Chakars
Melissa
, eds.
2014
.
Modernization, Nation-Building, and Television History
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1988
. “
How to Make a National Cuisine: Cookbooks in Contemporary India
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
30
, no.
1
:
3
24
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1996
.
Modernity at Large
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Asthana
,
Sanjay
.
2008
. “
Religion and Secularism as Embedded Imaginaries: A Study of Indian Television Narratives
.”
Critical Studies in Media Communication
25
, no.
3
:
304
23
.
Athique
,
Adrian M.
2010
. “
The Crossover Audience: Mediated Multiculturalism and the Indian Film
.” In
Bollywood in Australia: Transnationalism and Cultural Production
, ed.
Hassam
Andrew
and
Paranjape
Makarand
,
23
44
.
Crawley
:
University of Western Australia Publishing
.
Attwood
,
Feona
.
2005
. “
Inside Out: Men on the ‘Home Front.’
Journal of Consumer Culture
5
, no.
1
:
87
107
.
Bahar
,
Mehri
.
2009
. “
Television, Religious Objects and Secularism
.”
Asian Journal of Social Science
37
, no.
2
:
232
41
.
Bai
,
Ruoyun
.
2015
. “
‘Clean up the Screen’: Regulating Television Entertainment in the 2000s
.” In
Chinese Television in the Twenty-First Century: Entertaining the Nation
, ed.
Bai
Ruoyun
and
Song
Geng
,
69
86
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Bai
,
Ruoyun
, and
Song
Geng
.
2015
.
Introduction to Chinese Television in the Twenty-First Century: Entertaining the Nation
, ed.
Bai
Ruoyun
and
Song
Geng
,
1
14
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Bajaj
,
Vikas
.
2007
. “
In India, the Golden Age of Television Is Now
.”
New York Times
,
February
11
.
Bakken
Børge
.
2000
.
The Exemplary Society: Human Improvement, Social Control, and the Dangers of Modernity in China
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Bal
,
Hartosh Singh
.
2013
. “
The Return of the Ramayana
.”
New York Times
,
April
9
.
Barmé
,
Geremie R.
1999
.
In the Red: On Contemporary Chinese Culture
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Bauman
,
Zygmunt
.
2000
.
Liquid Modernity
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Baviskar
,
Amita
, and
Ray
Raka
, eds.
2011
.
Elite and Everyman: The Cultural Politics of the Indian Middle Class
.
New Delhi
:
Routledge
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
.
1992
.
Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
.
1994
. “
The Reinvention of Politics: Towards a Theory of Reflexive Modernization
.” In
Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order
, ed.
Beck
Ulrich
,
Giddens
Anthony
, and
Lash
Scott
,
1
55
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
.
2010
.
A God of One’s Own: Religion’s Capacity for Peace and Potential for Violence
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
, and
Beck-Gernsheim
Elisabeth
.
2002
.
Individualization: Institutionalized Individualism and Its Social and Political Consequences
.
London
:
Sage
.
Beck
,
Ulrich
,
Giddens
Anthony
, and
Lash
Scott
.
1994
.
Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Beck
,
Ulrick
, and
Grande
Edgar
.
2010
. “
Varieties of Second Modernity: The Cosmopolitan Turn in Social and Political Theory and Research
.”
British Journal of Sociology
61
, no.
3
:
409
33
.
Bell
,
David
, and
Hollows
Joanne
, eds.
2005
.
Ordinary Lifestyles: Popular Media, Consumption and Taste
.
Maidenhead, UK
:
Open University Press
.
Berman
,
Marshall
.
1982
.
All That Is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
.
Bignell
,
Jonathan
.
2005
.
Big Brother: Reality TV in the Twenty-First Century
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Bonner
,
Frances
.
2003
.
Ordinary Television: Analyzing Popular TV
.
London
:
Sage
.
Bonner
,
Frances
.
2005
. “
Whose Lifestyle Is It Anyway?
” In
Ordinary Lifestyles: Popular Media, Consumption and Taste
, ed.
Bell
David
and
Hollows
Joanne
,
35
46
.
Maidenhead, UK
:
Open University Press
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
1984
.
Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste
. Translated by
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Brosius
,
Christiane
.
2010
.
India’s Middle Class: New Forms of Urban Leisure, Consumption and Prosperity
.
New Delhi
:
Routledge
.
Brunsdon
,
Charlotte
.
2003
. “
Lifestyling Britain: The 8–9 Slot on British Television
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
6
, no.
1
:
5
23
.
Callahan
,
William A.
2013
.
China Dreams: 20 Visions of the Future
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Campbell
,
Colin
.
2005
. “
The Craft Consumer: Culture, Craft and Consumption in a Postmodern Society
.”
Journal of Consumer Culture
5
, no.
1
:
23
42
.
Care World
.
2013
. .
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2001
.
Globalizing South China
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2002
. “
Origins and Evolution of a Geographical Idea: The ‘Macroregion’ in China
.”
Modern China
28
, no.
1
:
79
143
.
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2013a
. “
Class, Consumption and the Economic Restructuring of Consumer Space
.” In
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
, ed.
Chen
Minglu
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
34
53
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Elgar
.
Cartier
,
Carolyn
.
2013b
. “
Uneven Development and the Time/Space Economy
.” In
Unequal China: Political Economy and the Cultural Politics of Inequality
, ed.
Sun
Wanning
and
Guo
Yingjie
,
77
90
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Cartier
,
Michel
.
1995
. “
Nuclear Versus Quasi-Stem Families: The New Chinese Family Model
.”
Journal of Family History
20
, no.
3
:
307
27
.
Chadha
,
Kalyani
, and
Kavoori
Anandam
.
2012
. “
Mapping India’s Television Landscape: Constitutive Dimensions and Emerging Issues
.”
South Asian History and Culture
3
, no.
4
:
591
602
.
Chakrabarty
,
Dipesh
.
2007
.
Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Chakraborty
,
Chandrima
.
2007
. “
The Hindu Ascetic as Fitness Instructor: Reviving Faith in Yoga
.”
International Journal of the History of Sport
24
, no.
9
:
1172
86
.
Chandrashekhar
,
C. P.
, and
Ghosh
Jayati
.
2002
.
The Market That Failed: A Decade of Neoliberal Economic Reforms in India
.
New Delhi
:
Leftword
.
Chang
,
Kyung-Sup
.
2010
. “
The Second Modern Condition? Compressed Modernity as Internalized Reflexive Cosmopolitization
.”
British Journal of Sociology
61
, no.
3
:
444
64
.
Chang
,
Kyung-Sup
, and
Song
Min-Young
.
2010
. “
The Stranded Individualizer under Compressed Modernity: South Korean Women in Individualization without Individualism
.”
British Journal of Sociology
61
, no.
3
:
539
64
.
Chang
,
Tsan-Kuo
.
2002
.
China’s Window on the World: TV News, Social Knowledge, and International Spectacles
.
Cresskill, NJ
:
Hampton
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
.
1986
.
Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World: A Derivative Discourse
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
.
1993
.
The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
.
2008
. “
Democracy and Economic Transformation in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
43
, no.
16
:
53
62
.
Chen
,
Kuan-hsing
, and
Chien
Sechin Y. S.
.
2009
. “
Knowledge Production in the Era of Neo-Liberal Globalization: Reflections on the Changing Academic Conditions in Taiwan
.”
Inter-Asia Cultural Studies
10
, no.
2
:
206
28
.
Chen
,
Minglu
.
2008
. “
Entrepreneurial Women: Personal Wealth, Local Politics and Tradition
.” In
The New Rich in China: Future Rulers, Present Lives
, ed.
Goodman
David S. G.
,
112
25
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Chen
,
Minglu
, and
Goodman
David S. G.
.
2013a
. “
Introduction: Middle Class China—Discourse, Structure and Practice
.” In
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
, ed.
Chen
Minglu
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
1
11
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Elgar
.
Chen
,
Minglu
, and
Goodman
David S. G.
, eds.
2013b
.
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Edgar
.
Chen
,
Mo 陈漠
.
2011
.
“2010 中国电视红皮书” [2010 Chinese television red paper]
.
新周刊 [New weekly]
343
:
45
48
.
Chen
,
Ping-Hung
.
2002
. “
Who Owns Cable Television? Media Ownership Concentration in Taiwan
.”
Journal of Media Economics
15
, no.
1
:
41
55
.
Chen
,
Shaohua
, and
Ravallion
Martin
.
2004
. “
How Have the World’s Poorest Fared since the Early 1980s?
World Bank Research Observer
19
:
141
69
.
Chen
,
Xi
.
2010
. “
Changing Bottom Line: Broadcasting Regulation in China
.” In
Toward Better Governance in China: An Unconventional Pathway of Political Reform
, ed.
Guo
Baogang
and
Hickey
Denise
,
147
61
.
Lanham, MD
:
Lexington Books
.
Chen
,
Yi-Ling
, and
Li
William Derhsing
.
2012
. “
Neoliberalism, the Developmental State, and Housing Policy in Taiwan
.” In
Locating Neoliberalism in Asia: Neoliberalizing Spaces in Developmental States
, ed.
Park
Bae-Gyoon
,
Hill
Richard Child
, and
Saito
Asato
,
196
224
.
Chincester, UK
:
Wiley-Blackwell
.
Yu-hua
Chen
.
2009
. “
A Cohort Analysis of the Transition to First Marriage among Taiwanese,
Population and Society
5
.
1
:
25
44
.
Chibber
,
Vivek
.
2003
.
Locked in Place: State-Building and Late Industrialization in India
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
China Post
.
2010
. “
Taiwan Records Drop in Marriage Rate for ’09
.”
China Post
,
June
28
. .
China Times
.
2011
.
China Times
,
September
4
. .
Chua
,
Beng Huat
.
2012
.
Structure, Audience and Soft Power in East Asian Pop Culture
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Chua
,
Beng Huat
.
2016
. “
Consumption in Asia: After the New Rich Generation
.” In
Lifestyle Media in Asia: Consumption, Aspiration and Identity
, ed.
Martin
Fran
and
Lewis
Tania
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Clark
,
Lynne Schofield
.
2007
. “
Introduction: Identity, Belonging, and the Emergence of Religious Lifestyle Branding
.” In
Religion, Media, and the Marketplace
, ed.
Clark
Lynn Schofield
,
1
33
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
.
Cook
,
Sarah
, and
Dong
Xiao-yuan
.
2011
. “
Harsh Choices: Chinese Women’s Paid Work and Unpaid Care Responsibilities under Economic Reform
.”
Development and Change
42
, no.
2
:
947
65
.
Copeman
,
Jacob
, and
Ikegame
Aya
, eds.
2012
.
The Guru in South Asia: New Interdisciplinary Perspectives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Corbridge
,
Stuart
, and
Harriss
John
.
2000
.
Reinventing India: Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism, and Popular Democracy
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
Wiley
.
Couldry
,
Nick
.
2002
. “
Playing for Celebrity: Big Brother as Ritual Event
.”
Television and New Media
3
, no.
3
:
283
93
.
Couldry
,
Nick
.
2010
.
Why Voice Matters: Culture and Politics after Neoliberalism
.
London
:
Sage
.
Couldry
,
Nick
.
2012
.
Media, Society, World: Social Theory and Digital Media Practice
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Croll
,
Elisabeth
.
1995
.
Changing Identities of Chinese Women: Rhetoric, Experience and Self-Perception in Twentieth-Century China
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Cruikshank
,
Barbara
.
1996
. “
Revolution Within: Self-government and Self-esteem
.” In
Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-liberalism and Rationalities of Government
, ed.
Barry
Andrew
,
Osborne
Thomas
, and
Rose
Nicholas
,
231
52
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Davis
,
Deborah S.
2014
. “
On the Limits of Personal Autonomy: PRC Law and the Institutions of Marriage
.” In
Wives, Husbands, and Lovers: Marriage and Sexuality in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Urban China
, ed.
Davis
Deborah S.
and
Friedman
Sara L.
,
41
61
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Derné
,
Steve
.
2008
.
Globalization on the Ground: Media and the Transformation of Culture, Class, and Gender in India
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
.
Deshpande
,
Satish
.
2004
.
Contemporary India: A Sociological View
.
New Delhi
:
Penguin Books
.
Ding
,
Xiaojie 顶晓洁
.
2013
.
“IPCN: 左手电视, 右手网络” [IPCN: Television on the left hand, Internet on the right hand]
.
新周刊 [New weekly]
391
:
68
70
.
Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2010
. “
Women and Men in R.O.C. (Taiwan): Facts and Figures
.”
Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2011
. “
Earnings and Productivity: Statistical Analysis Monthly Report
.”
November
20
.
Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2012
. “
Women and Men in R.O.C. (Taiwan): Facts and Figures
.”
Directorate-General of Budget Accounting and Statistics (DGBAS)
.
2013
. “
Women and Men in R.O.C. (Taiwan): Facts and Figures
.”
Dirlik
,
Arif
.
2012
. “
The Idea of a ‘Chinese Model’: A Critical Discussion
.”
China Information
26
, no.
3
:
277
302
.
Discovery Communications
.
2013
. “
Discovery Communications Reports Full Year and Fourth Quarter 2012 Results
.”
February
14
. .
Doane
,
Mary Ann
.
1999
. “
Film and the Masquerade: Theorising the Female Spectator
.” In
Feminist Film Theory: A Reader
, ed.
Thornham
Sue
,
131
45
.
New York
:
New York University Press
.
Donald
,
Stephanie Hemelryk
, and
Zheng
Yi
.
2009
. “
A Taste of Class: Manuals for Becoming Woman
.”
positions
17
, no.
3
:
489
521
.
Donner
,
Henrikke
.
2008
.
Domestic Goddesses: Maternity, Globalization and Middle-Class Identity in Contemporary India
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Du Gay
,
Paul
,
Hall
Stuart
,
Janes
Linda
,
Mackay
Hugh
, and
Negus
Keith
.
1997
.
Doing Cultural Studies: The Story of the Sony Walkman
.
London
:
Sage
.
Dussel
,
Enrique
.
2002
. “
World-System and ‘Trans’-Modernity
.”
Nepantla: Views from South
3
, no.
2
:
221
44
.
Economic Times
.
2008
. “
Govt Issue Notification Amending Cable TV Networks Rules, 1994
.”
March
18
. .
Eisenstadt
,
Shmuel Noah
.
2000
. “
Multiple Modernities
.”
Daedalus
129
, no.
1
:
1
29
.
Ellis
,
John
.
2000
.
Seeing Things: Television in the Age of Uncertainty
.
London
:
I.B. Tauris
.
Executive Yuan
.
2013
. “
The Republic of China Yearbook 2013
.” .
Fang
,
Fang 方絍
.
2011
.
“国内相亲絾目瀰作内幕揭秘æ 电瘺红娘二十年” [The secret of how China’s dating shows operate: Twenty years of match-making on television]
.
June
6
. .
Farquhar
,
Judith
, and
Zhang
Qicheng
.
2012
.
Ten Thousand Things: Nurturing Life in Contemporary Beijing
.
New York
:
Zone Books
.
Farris
,
Catherine S. P.
2004
. “
Women’s Liberation under ‘East Asian Modernity’ in China and Taiwan: Historical, Cultural, and Comparative Perspectives
.” In
Women in the New Taiwan: Gender Roles and Gender Consciousness in a Changing Society
, ed.
Farris
Anru Lee
and
Rubinstein
Murray
,
325
76
.
Armonk, NY
:
M. E. Sharpe
.
Felski
,
Rita
.
1999/2000
. “
The Invention of Everyday Life
.”
New Formations
39
:
15
31
.
Ferjani
,
Riadh
.
2010
. “
Religion and Television in the Arab World: Towards a Communication Studies Approach
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
3
, no.
1
:
82
100
.
Fernandes
,
Leela
.
2006
.
India’s New Middle Class: Democratic Politics in an Era of Economic Reform
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
FICCI-KPMG
.
2014
. “
The Stage Is Set: FICCI-KPMG Indian Media and Entertainment Industry Report
.” .
Flew
,
Terry
, and
Waisbord
Silvio
.
2015
. “
The Ongoing Significance of National Media Systems in the Context of Media Globalization
.”
Media Culture and Society
(
April
28
).
doi: 10.1177/0163443714566903
.
Fong
,
Vanessa
.
2007
. “
Morality, Cosmopolitanism, or Academic Attainment: Discourse on Quality and Urban Chinese-Only-Children’s Claims to Ideal Personhood
.”
City and Society
19
, no.
1
:
86
113
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1977
.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
.
London
:
Penguin
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1979
.
The History of Sexuality. Vol. 1, The Will to Knowledge
.
London
:
Allen Lane
.
Fürsich
,
Elfriede
.
2003
. “
Between Credibility and Commodification: Nonfiction Entertainment as a Global Media Genre
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
6
, no.
2
:
131
53
.
Gao
,
Ziming 攨子糩
.
2011
.
“淺析 《狓时尚》 栏目成功原因” [A brief analysis of the reasons behind Pretty Trendy’s success]
.
港田 [Jin Tian]
287
:
198
.
Gaonkar
,
Dilip Parameshwar
.
2001
. “
On Alternative Modernities
.” In
Alternative Modernities
, ed.
Gaonkar
Dilip Parameshwar
,
1
23
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Gauthier
,
Francois
, and
Uhl
Magali
.
2012
. “
Digital Shapings of Religion in a Globalised World: The Vatican Online and Amr Khaled’s TV-Preaching
.”
Australian Journal of Communication
39
, no.
1
:
53
70
.
Gerow
,
Aaron
.
2010
.
Visions of Japanese Modernity: Articulations of Cinema, Nation, and Spectatorship, 1895–1925
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Ghosh
,
Palash
.
2012
. “
As China Urbanizes, India Remains Overwhelmingly Rural
.”
International Business Times
,
January
20
. .
Giddens
,
Anthony
.
1991
.
Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Giddens
,
Anthony
.
1992
.
The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love, and Eroticism in Modern Societies
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Government Information Office (GIO)
.
2009
.
Republic of China Yearbook
.
Taipei
:
Government Information Office
.
Government Information Office (GIO)
.
2013
. “
Mass Media
.” In
Republic of China Yearbook
.
Taipei
:
Government Information Office
.
Goodman
,
David S. G.
, ed.
2008
.
The New Rich in China: Future Rulers, Present Lives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Goodman
,
David S. G.
2013
. “
Conclusion: What’s Wrong with Inequality, Power, Culture and Opportunity
.” In
Unequal China: The Political Economy and Cultural Politics of Inequality
, ed.
Sun
Wanning
and
Guo
Yingjie
,
200
208
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Gooptu
,
Nandini
.
2013
.
Introduction to Enterprise Culture in Neoliberal India
, ed.
Gooptu
Nandini
,
1
24
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Greenhalgh
,
Susan
.
1994
. “
De-Orientalizing the Chinese Family Firm
.”
American Ethnologist
21
, no.
4
:
746
75
.
Greenhalgh
,
Susan
.
2005
. “
Globalization and Population Governance in China
.” In
Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems
, ed.
Ong
Aihwa
and
Collier
Stephen J.
,
354
72
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
.
Guenzi
,
Caterina
.
2012
. “
The Allotted Share: Managing Fortune in Astrological Counseling in Contemporary India
.”
Social Analysis
56
, no.
2
:
39
55
.
Guha
,
Ranajit
.
1997
.
Dominance without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Gao
,
Xin 漓欣
.
2011
.
“我国生活类电瘺絾目类型研究” [A study of the various genres of life-themed television programs in China]
.
Master’s thesis
,
Northeast Normal University
.
Guo
,
Zhenzhi
.
2007
. “
Television Regulation and China’s Entry into the WTO
.” In
Internationalization of the Chinese TV Sector
, ed.
Kops
Manfred
and
Ollig
Stefan
,
41
54
.
Berlin
:
Lit Verlag
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
, and
Sharma
Aradhana
.
2006
. “
Globalization and Postcolonial States
.”
Current Anthropology
47
, no.
2
:
277
307
.
Gurtoo
,
Himani Chandna
.
2012
. “
Spiritual Small Screen
.”
Hindustan Times
,
September
23
. .
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
.
1999
.
The Saffron Wave: Democracy and Hindu Nationalism in Modern India
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Harindranath
,
Ramaswami
.
2013
. “
The Cultural Politics of Metropolitan and Vernacular Lifestyles in India
.”
Media International Australia, Incorporating Culture and Policy
147
:
147
56
.
Hartley
,
John
.
1999
.
Uses of Television
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hearn
,
Alison
.
2009
. “
Insecure: Narratives and Economies of the Branded Self in Transformation Television
.” In
TV Transformations: Revealing the Makeover Show
, ed.
Lewis
Tania
,
55
63
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Heller
,
Dana A.
, ed.
2007
.
Makeover Television: Realities Remodelled
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
.
Hershatter
,
Gail
.
2007
.
Women in China’s Long Twentieth Century
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Hindu
.
2014
. “
Court Refuses to Ban Astrology-Based TV Shows
.”
Hindu
,
December
14
. .
Hoffman
,
Lisa
.
2006
. “
Autonomous Choices and Patriotic Professionalism: On Governmentality in Late-Socialist China
.”
Economy and Society
35
, no.
4
:
550
70
.
Hoffman
,
Lisa
.
2010
.
Patriotic Professionalism in Urban China
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Holden
,
Todd Joseph Miles
, and
Ergül
Hakan
.
2006
. “
Japan’s Televisual Discourses: Infotainment, Intimacy, and the Construction of a Collective uchi
.” In
Medi@sia: Global Media/tion In and Out of Context
, ed.
Holden
Todd Joseph Miles
and
Scrase
Timothy J.
,
105
27
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Hollows
,
Joanne
.
2003
. “
Feeling like a Domestic Goddess: Postfeminism and Cooking
.”
European Journal of Cultural Studies
6
, no.
2
:
179
202
.
Hong
,
Qizhen 洪琪真
.
2012
.
“紀實娛樂柅澭的國楥化策略分析” [The International Strategy of Real-World Entertainment Channel]
.
Master’s thesis
,
National Chengchi University
,
Taiwan
,
Businesss Management Studies
.
Hong
,
Yu
.
2010
. “
The Politics of a Socialist Harmonious Society in the Aftermath of China’s Neoliberal Development
.”
Chinese Journal of Communication
3
, no.
3
:
311
28
.
Hong Fincher
,
Leta
.
2014
.
Leftover Women: The Resurgence of Gender Inequality in China
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Hoover
,
Stewart M.
2006
.
Religion in the Media Age
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Hoover
,
Stewart M.
, and
Park
Jin Kyu
.
2005
. “
The Anthropology of Religious Meaning Making in the Digital Age
.” In
Media Anthropology
, ed.
Rothenbuhler
Eric
and
Coman
Mihai
,
247
59
London
:
Sage
.
Hsiao
,
Hsin-Huang Michael
.
2010
. “
Placing China’s Middle Class in the Asia-Pacific Context
.” In
China’s Emerging Middle Class: Beyond Economic Transformation
, ed.
Li
Cheng
,
245
63
.
Washington, DC
:
Brookings Institution Press
.
Hsiao
,
Hsin-Huang Michael
.
2014
. “
Characterizing the Middle Classes in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and Urban China
.” In
Chinese Middle Classes: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and China
, ed.
Hsiao
Hsin-Huang Michael
,
3
13
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Hsiung
,
Ping-Chun
.
1996
.
Living Rooms as Factories: Class, Gender, and the Satellite Factory System in Taiwan
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Hu
,
Yang
, and
Scott
Jacqueline
.
2014
. “
Family and Gender Values in China: Generational, Geographic, and Gender Differences
.”
Journal of Family Issues
(
April
7
).
doi: 10.1177/0192513X14528710
.
Hua
,
Wen
.
2013
.
Buying Beauty: Cosmetic Surgery in China
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Huang
,
C. Julia
.
2008
. “
Gendered Charisma in the Buddhist Tzu Chi (Ciji) Movement
.”
Nova Religio-Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions
12
, no.
2
:
29
47
.
Huang
,
C. Julia
.
2009
.
Charisma and Compassion: Cheng Yen and the Buddhist Tzu Chi Movement
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Huang
,
Junjie 愼俊杰
.
2013
.
“瘺杯瓦瘝电瘺” [Video is eroding television]
.
新周刊 [New Weekly]
391
:
26
28
.
Illouz
,
Eva
.
1997
.
Consuming the Romantic Utopia: Love and the Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Illouz
,
Eva
.
2012
.
Why Love Hurts: A Sociological Explanation
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
India Brand Equity Foundation
.
2003
. “
India’s New Opportunity—2020
.” .
India Today
.
2014
. “
Censor Board Snips Sleazy Shows on TV
.”
India Today
,
August
1
. .
Institute of Media and Communications Policy
.
2013
. “
Media Data Base: Discovery Communications
.” .
International Monetary Fund
.
2013
. “
World Economic Outlook [WEO] 2013
.” .
Iwabuchi
,
Koichi
.
2002
.
Recentering Globalization: Popular Culture and Japanese Transnationalism
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Iwabuchi
,
Koichi
, ed.
2004
.
Feeling Asian Modernities: Transnational Consumption of Japanese TV Dramas
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Jacka
,
Tamara
.
2006
.
Rural Women in Urban China: Gender, Migration, and Social Change
.
Armonk, NY
:
M. E. Sharpe
.
Jackson
,
Peter
.
2009
. “
Markets, Media and Magic: Thailand’s Monarch as a ‘Virtual Deity.’
Inter-Asia Cultural Studies
10
, no.
3
:
361
80
.
Jain
,
Bhavika
.
2010
. “
62% of Mumbai Lives in Slums: Census
.”
Hindustan Times
,
October
17
. .
Jeffrey
,
Robin
.
2002
. “
Communications and Capitalism in India, 1750–2010
.”
South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies
25
:
61
75
.
Jenkins
,
Richard
.
2000
. “
Disenchantment, Enchantment and Re-Enchantment: Max Weber at the Millennium
.”
Max Weber Studies
1
:
11
32
.
Jensen
,
Robert
, and
Oster
Emily
.
2009
. “
The Power of TV: Cable Television and Women’s Status in India
.”
Quarterly Journal of Economics
124
:
1057
94
.
Jones
,
Gavin W.
2007
. “
Delayed Marriage and Very Low Fertility in Pacific Asia
.”
Population and Development Review
33
, no.
3
:
453
78
.
Kaiman
,
Jonathan
.
2014
. “
China Gets Richer But More Unequal
.”
Guardian
,
July
28
. .
Kang
,
Myung-koo
.
2004
. “
East Asian Modernities and the Formation of Media and Cultural Studies
.” In
The SAGE Handbook of Media Studies
, ed.
Downing
John D. H.
,
McQuail
Denis
,
Schlesinger
Philip
, and
Wartella
Ellen
,
271
88
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
.
Kapur
,
Jyotsna
.
2009
. “
An ‘Arranged Love’ Marriage: India’s Neoliberal Turn and the Bollywood Wedding Culture Industry
.”
Communication, Culture and Critique
2
, no.
2
:
221
33
.
Karlström
,
Mikael
.
2004
. “
Modernity and Its Aspirants: Moral Community and Developmental Eutopianism in Buganda
.”
Current Anthropology
45
, no.
5
:
596
619
.
Kasbekar
,
Asha
.
2006
.
Pop Culture India! Media, Arts, and Lifestyle
.
Santa Barbara, CA
:
ABC-CLIO
.
Kaufmann
,
Vincent
,
Bergman
Manfred Max
, and
Joye
Dominique
.
2004
. “
Motility: Mobility as Capital
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
28
, no.
4
:
745
56
.
Kaul
,
Mahima
.
2013
. “
Saradha Group Scandal Exposes Ties between India’s Media, Politicians
.”
Uncut: Free Speech on the Frontline
,
May
8
. .
Kavka
,
Misha
.
2004
. “
The Queering of Reality TV
.”
Feminist Media Studies
4
, no.
2
:
220
22
.
Kavka
,
Misha
.
2006
. “
Changing Properties: The Makeover Show Crosses the Atlantic
.” In
The Great American Makeover: Television, History, Nation
, ed.
Heller
Dana
,
211
29
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2002
. “
As a Hundred Television Formats Bloom, a Thousand Television Stations Contend
.”
Journal of Contemporary China
11
, no.
30
:
5
16
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2004a
. “
Asia: New Growth Areas
.” In
Television across Asia: TV Industries, Programme Formats and Globalisation
, ed.
Keane
Michael
and
Moran
Albert
,
9
20
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2004b
. “
It’s All in a Game: Television Formats in the People’s Republic of China
.” In
Rogue Flows: Trans-Asian Cultural Traffic
, ed.
Iwabuchi
Koichi
,
Muecke
Stephen
, and
Thomas
Mandy
,
61
62
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Keane
,
Michael
.
2015
.
The Chinese Television Industry
.
London
:
BFI/Palgrave Macmillan
.
Keane
,
Michael
,
Fung
Anthony Y. H.
, and
Moran
Albert
.
2007
.
New Television, Globalisation, and the East Asian Cultural Imagination
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Keane
,
Michael
, and
Moran
Albert
, eds.
2003
.
Television across Asia: Formats, Television Industries and Globalization
.
London
:
Routledge Curzon
.
Kelsky
,
Karen
.
2001
.
Women on the Verge: Japanese Women, Western Dreams
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Kim
,
Youna
.
2011
.
Transnational Migration, Media and Identity of Asian Women: Diasporic Daughters
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Kipnis
,
Andrew
.
2006
. “
Suzhi: A Keyword Approach
.”
China Quarterly
186
:
295
313
.
Kleinman
,
Arthur
,
Yan
Yunxiang
,
Jun
Jing
,
Lee
Sing
,
Zhang
Everett
,
Tianshu
Pan
,
Fei
Wu
, and
Jinhua
Guo
.
2011
.
Deep China: The Moral Life of a Person
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Knauft
,
Bruce M.
2002
. “
Critically Modern: An Introduction
.” In
Critically Modern: Alternatives, Alterities, Anthropologies
, ed.
Knauft
Bruce M.
,
1
54
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Kohli
,
Atul
.
2006
. “
Politics of Economic Growth in India, 1980–2005: Part I: The 1980s
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
41
, no.
13
:
1251
59
.
Kohli-Khandekar
,
Vanita
.
2014
. “
Getting into Rural India
.”
Mid-Day
,
July
25
. .
Kong
,
Tat Yang
.
2005
. “
Labour and Neo-Liberal Globalization in South Korea and Taiwan
.”
Modern Asian Studies
39
, no.
1
:
155
88
.
Kotwal
,
Ashok
,
Bharat
Ramaswami
, and
Wilima
Wadhwa
.
2011
. “
Economic Liberalization and Indian Economic Growth: What’s the Evidence?
Journal of Economic Literature
49
, no.
4
:
1152
99
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan
.
2007
.
Hybridity, or the Cultural Logic of Globalization
.
India
:
Pearson Education
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan
.
2008
. “
Reality TV and Multiple Modernities in the Arab World: A Theoretical Exploration
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
1
, no.
1
:
49
59
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan
, and
Sender
Katherine
, eds.
2011
.
The Politics of Reality Television: Global Perspectives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Kuang
,
Chung-Hsiang
.
2011
. “
The Three-Pronged Approach to Reforming Taiwan’s Media under Neoliberalism
.”
Capitalism Nature Socialism
22
, no.
2
:
72
87
.
Kumar
,
Shanti
.
2014
. “
Media Industries in India: An Emerging Regional Framework
.”
Media Industries
1
, no.
2
. .
Lakha
,
Salim
.
1999
. “
The State, Globalisation and Indian Middle Class Identity
.” In
Culture and Privilege in Capitalist Asia
, ed.
Pinches
Michael
,
252
74
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
1997
. “
Indian Films and Nigerian Lovers: Media and the Creation of Parallel Modernities
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
67
, no.
3
:
406
40
.
Lee
,
Anru
.
2004
.
In the Name of Harmony and Prosperity: Labor and Gender Politics in Taiwan’s Economic Restructuring
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
.
Lee
,
Ching Kwan
.
2014
. “
A Chinese Developmental State: Miracle or Mirage?
” In
The End of the Developmental State?
, ed.
Williams
Michelle
,
230
76
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Lee
,
Ching Kwan
, and
Selden
Mark
.
2007
. “
China’s Durable Inequality: Legacies of Revolution and Pitfalls of Reform
.”
Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus
. .
Lee
,
Leo Ou-Fan
.
1999
.
Shanghai Modern: The Flowering of a New Urban Culture in China, 1930–1945
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
.
[1971] 2002
.
Everyday Life in the Modern World
.
London
:
Continuum
.
Leng
,
Zhihongô
and
Xu
Yuqi
冷智宏
,
瑈玉琪
.
2003
.
电瘺生活服务类絾目æ 定位、 形态与包眻》ô 中国广播电瘺出版社 [Shenghuo-themed television programs: Definitions, forms, and packaging]
.
Beijing
:
China Broadcasting and Television Publishing
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2007
. “
‘He Needs to Face His Fears with These Five Queers!’: Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, Makeover TV and the Lifestyle Expert
.”
Television and New Media
8
, no.
4
:
285
311
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2008
.
Smart Living: Lifestyle Media and Popular Expertise
.
New York
:
Peter Lang
.
Lewis
,
Tania
, ed.
2009
.
TV Transformations: Revealing the Makeover Show
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2011a
. “
Making over Culture? Lifestyle Television and Contemporary Pedagogies of Selfhood in Singapore
.”
Communication, Politics and Culture
44
, no.
1
:
21
32
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2011b
. “
‘You’ve Put Yourselves on a Plate’: The Labours of Selfhood on MasterChef Australia
.” In
Real Class: Ordinary People and Reality Television across National Spaces
, ed.
Skeggs
Beverley
and
Wood
Helen
,
104
16
.
London
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Lewis
,
Tania
.
2014
. “
Lifestyle Media
.” In
The Cultural Intermediaries Reader
, ed.
Maguire
Jennifer Smith
and
Matthews
Julian
,
134
44
.
London
:
Sage
.
Lewis
,
Tania
,
Martin
Fran
, and
Sun
Wanning
.
2012
. “
Lifestyling Asia? Shaping Modernity and Selfhood on Life Advice Programming
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
15
, no.
6
:
537
66
.
Li
,
Chunling
.
2013
. “
Sociopolitical Attitudes of the Middle Class and the Implications for Political Transition
.” In
Middle Class China: Identity and Behaviour
, ed.
Chen
Minglu
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
12
33
.
Cheltenham, UK
:
Edward Elgar
.
Li
,
Chunling
.
2014
. “
A Profile of the Middle Classes in Today’s China
.” In
Chinese Middle Classes: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and China
, ed.
Hsiao
Hsin-Huang Michael
,
78
94
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Liao
,
Pei-Ru
.
2012
. “
The Mediating Role of Mediatised Religious Content: An Example of Buddhist Institutional Use of Prime-Time Dramas
.”
Australian Journal of Communication
39
, no.
1
:
37
51
.
Liechty
,
Mark
.
2003
.
Suitably Modern: Making Middle-Class Culture in a New Consumer Society
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Lin
,
Chun
.
2015
. “
The Language of Class in China
.”
Socialist Register
51
:
24
53
.
Lin
,
Shih De
,
Shu
Shih De
, and
Chan
Joseph
, eds.
2010
. “
Tzu Chi: Inspiring Great Love around the World
.” .
Lin
,
Yu-han 林妤函
.
2011
. “
女性當家á 甹疏性節目 《今晚畐當家》 中的大翿婆意 璨緹當代儒家式的「家庭」展演”》” [Woman as family head? Head-wife consciousness and the performance of contemporary Confucian-style “Family” in the talk show Who’s Family Head Tonight]
.
Master’s thesis
,
National Taiwan Normal University
,
Taiwan
.
Litzinger
,
Ralph
.
2008
. “
Afterword: Thinking Outside the Leninist Corporate Box
.” In
Privatizing China: Socialism from Afar
, ed.
Zhang
Li
and
Ong
Aihwa
,
230
36
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Liu
,
Yu-Li
, and
Chen
Yi-Hsiang
.
2003
. “
Cloning, Adaptation, Import and Originality: Taiwan in the Global Television Format Business
.” In
Television across Asia: TV Industries, Programme Formats and Globalisation
, ed.
Keane
Michael
and
Moran
Albert
,
54
73
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lobato
,
Ramon
.
2012
.
Shadow Economies of Cinema: Mapping Informal Film Distribution
.
London
:
Palgrave Macmillan for the British Film Institute
.
Lu
,
Hwei-syin
.
1998
. “
Gender and Buddhism in Contemporary Taiwan: A Case Study of Tzu Chi Foundation
.”
Proceedings of the National Science Council, Part C: Humanities and Social Sciences
8
, no.
4
:
539
50
.
Luhmann
,
Niklas
.
1998
.
Love as Passion: The Codification of Intimacy
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Lull
,
James
.
1992
.
China Turned On: Television, Reform, and Resistance
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lury
,
Celia
.
1996
.
Consumer Culture
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Lutgendorf
,
Philip
.
1997
. “
All in the (Raghu) Family: A Video Epic in Cultural Context
.” In
Media and the Transformation of Religions in South Asia
, ed.
Babb
Lawrence
and
Wadley
Susan
,
217
53
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Lynes
,
Russell
.
1954
.
The Tastemakers
.
New York
:
Grosset and Dunlap
.
Ma
,
Eric
.
2012
.
Desiring Hong Kong, Consuming South China: Transborder Cultural Politics 1970–2010
.
Hong Kong
:
Hong Kong University Press
.
Madsen
,
Richard
.
2007
.
Democracy’s Dharma: Religious Renaissance and Political Development in Taiwan
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Madsen
,
Richard
.
2008
. “
Religious Renaissance and Taiwan’s Modern Middle Classes
.” In
Chinese Religiosities: Afflictions of Modernity and State Formation
, ed.
Yang
Mayfair Mei-hui
,
295
322
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Marston
,
Sallie
, and
Smith
Neil
.
2001
. “
States, Scales and Households: Limits to Scale Thinking; A Response to Brenner
.”
Progress in Human Geography
25
, no.
4
:
615
19
.
Martelli
,
Stefano
, and
Cappello
Gianna
.
2005
. “
Religion in the Television-Mediated Public Sphere: Transformations and Paradoxes
.”
International Review of Sociology
15
, no.
2
:
243
57
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2010
.
Backward Glances: Contemporary Chinese Cultures and the Female Homoerotic Imaginary
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2013
. “
‘A Tangle of People Messing around Together’: Taiwanese Variety Television and the Mediation of Women’s Affective Labour
.”
Cultural Studies
27
, no.
2
:
207
24
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2016a
. “
Differential (Im)mobilities: Imaginative Transnationalism in Taiwanese Women’s Travel TV
.” In
Lifestyle Media in Asia: Consumption, Aspiration and Identity
, ed.
Martin
Fran
and
Lewis
Tania
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Martin
,
Fran
.
2016b
. “
From Sparrow to Phoenix: Imagining Gender Transformation through Taiwanese Women’s Variety TV
.”
positions: asia critique
24
, no.
2
:
369
401
.
Martin
,
Fran
, and
Heinrich
Larissa
, eds.
2006
.
Embodied Modernities: Corporeality, Representation, and Chinese Cultures
.
Honolulu
:
University of Hawai‘i Press
.
Martin
,
Fran
, and
Lewis
Tania
.
2012
. “
Lifestyling Women: Emergent Femininities on Singapore and Taiwan Television
.” In
The Precarious Self: Women and the Media in Asia
, ed.
Kim
Youna
,
53
76
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Martin
,
Fran
, and
Lewis
Tania
, eds.
2016
.
Lifestyle Media in Asia: Consumption, Aspiration and Identity
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.
2003
.
Shoveling Smoke: Advertising and Globalization in Contemporary India
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.
2012
. “
‘Reality Must Improve’: The Perversity of Expertise and the Belatedness of Indian Development Television
.”
Global Media and Communication
8
:
215
41
.
McCarthy
,
Anna
.
2001
.
Ambient Television: Visual Culture and Public Space
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
McCracken
,
Ellen
.
1993
.
Decoding Women’s Magazines
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Macmillan
.
McCracken
,
Grant David
.
2005
.
Culture and Consumption II: Markets, Meaning, and Brand Management
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
McMillin
,
Divya C.
2001
. “
Localizing the Global: Television and Hybrid Programming in India
.”
International Journal of Cultural Studies
4
:
45
68
.
Mehta
,
Nalin
.
2008
.
Television in India: Satellites, Politics and Cultural Change
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Meng
,
Dan 孟丹
.
2013
. “
狓时尚 絾目形态分析
[An analysis of Pretty Trendy’s program style]. 新樅传播 [News and Broadcasting]
2
:
63
.
Miller
,
Daniel
.
2009
.
The Comfort of Things
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Miller
,
Toby
.
2007
.
Cultural Citizenship: Cosmopolitanism, Consumerism, and Television in a Neoliberal Age
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Ministry of Home Affairs
.
2001
. “
Census Data Online
.”
Government of India
. .
Moores
,
Shaun
.
2012
.
Media, Place and Mobility
.
Basingstoke
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Moorti
,
Sujata
.
2004
. “
Fashioning a Cosmopolitan Tamil Identity: Game Shows, Commodities and Cultural Identity
.”
Media, Culture and Society
26
:
549
67
.
Moran
,
Albert
.
1998
.
Copycat Television: Globalisation, Program Formats and Cultural Identity
.
Luton, UK
:
University of Luton Press
.
Morley
,
David
.
2000
.
Home Territories: Media, Mobility and Identity
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Morley
,
David
.
2009
. “
For a Materialist, Non Media-Centric Media Studies
.”
Television and New Media
10
, no.
1
:
114
16
.
Moseley
,
Rachel
.
2000
. “
Makeover Takeover on British Television
.”
Screen
41
, no.
3
:
299
314
.
Mukhopadhyay
,
Bhaskar
.
2006
. “
Cultural Studies and Politics in India Today
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
23
, nos.
7–8
:
279
92
.
Münster
,
Daniel
, and
Strümpell
Christian
.
2014
. “
The Anthropology of Neoliberal India: An introduction
.”
Contributions to Indian Sociology
48
, no.
1
:
1
16
.
Murphy
,
Patrick D.
, and
Kraidy
Marwan M.
, eds.
2003
.
Global Media Studies: Ethnographic Perspectives
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Nanda
,
Meera
.
2011
.
The God Market: How Globalization Is Making India More Hindu
.
New York
:
New York University Press
.
Naughton
,
Barry
.
2006
.
The Chinese Economy: Growth and Transitions
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
Neveling
,
Patrick
.
2014
. “
Structural Contingencies and Untimely Coincidences in the Making of Neoliberal India: The Kandla Free Trade Zone, 1965–91
.”
Contributions to Indian Sociology
48
, no.
1
:
17
43
.
Neves
,
Joshua
.
2015
. “
The Long Commute: Mobile Television and the Seamless Social
.” In
Chinese Television in the Twenty-First Century: Entertaining the Nation
, ed.
Bai
Ruoyun
and
Song
Geng
,
51
66
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Nijman
,
Jan
.
2006
. “
Mumbai’s Mysterious Middle Class
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
30
:
758
75
.
Noonan
,
Caitriona
.
2011
. “
‘Big Stuff in a Beautiful Way with Interesting People’: The Spiritual Discourse in UK Religious Television
.”
European Journal of Cultural Studies
14
, no.
6
:
727
46
.
Oakes
,
Tim
, and
Schein
Louisa
.
2006
.
Introduction to Translocal China: Linkages, Identities, and the Reimagining of Space
, ed.
Oakes
Tim
and
Schein
Louisa
,
1
35
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Oakes
,
Timothy
.
1998
.
Tourism and Modernity in China
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Oakes
,
Timothy
.
1999
. “
Selling Guizhou: Cultural Development in an Era of Marketization
.” In
The Political Economy of China’s Provinces
, ed.
Hendrishke
Hans
and
Feng
Chongyi
,
31
67
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Oba
,
Goro
, and
Chan-Olmstead
Sylvia M.
.
2005
. “
The Development of Cable Television in East Asian Countries: A Comparative Analysis of Determinants
.”
Gazette: The International Journal for Communication Studies
67
, no.
3
:
211
37
.
Ohm
,
Britta
.
2011
. “
The Secularism of the State and the Secularism of Consumption: ‘Honesty,’ ‘Treason’ and the Dynamics of Religious Visibility on Television in India
.”
European Journal of Cultural Studies
14
, no.
6
:
664
84
.
O’Neill
,
Mark
.
2010
.
Tzu Chi: Serving with Compassion
.
Singapore
:
John Wiley
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
1999
.
Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
2007
. “
Neoliberalism as a Mobile Technology
”.
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
32
, no.
1
:
3
8
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
2008
. “
Self-fashioning Shanghainese: Dancing across Spheres of Value
”. In
Privatizing China: Socialism from Afar
, ed.
Zhang
Li
and
Ong
Aihwa
,
182
96
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
, and
Nonini
M. Donald
, eds.
1997
.
Ungrounded Empires: The Cultural Politics of Modern Chinese Transnationalism
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Oren
,
Tasha
, and
Shahaf
Sharon
, eds.
2012
.
Global Television Formats: Understanding Television across Borders
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Ouellette
,
Laurie
, and
Hay
James
.
2008
.
Better Living through Reality TV: Television and Post-Welfare Citizenship
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Palmer
,
Gareth
.
2004
. “
‘The New You’: Class and Transformation in Lifestyle Television
”. In
Understanding Reality Television
, ed.
Holmes
Su
and
Jermyn
Deborah
,
173
90
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Palmer
,
Gareth
.
2008
.
Exposing Lifestyle Television: The Big Reveal
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Park
,
Bae-Gyoon
,
Hill
Richard Child
, and
Saito
Asato
, eds.
2012
.
Locating Neoliberalism in Asia: Neoliberalizing Spaces in Developmental States
.
Chichester, UK
:
Wiley-Blackwell
.
Pazderic
,
Nickola
.
2013
. “
Smile Chaoyang: Education and Culture in Neoliberal Taiwan
”. In
Global Futures in East Asia: Youth, Nation, and the New Economy in Uncertain Times
, ed.
Anagost
Ann
,
Arai
Andrea
, and
Ren
Hai
,
127
49
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Peng
,
Huanping 彭煥平
, and
缟瀢利
Lianli Hu
.
2009
.
“繁粝图景的缴后æ 电瘺生活服 务类的困境与突围” [Behind the spectacle of prosperity: The dilemma and solutions for shenghuo-themed television programs]
.
中国电瘺 [China Television]
4
:
54
57
.
Pernia
,
Elena
,
Pascual
San
,
Rosel
Maria
, and
Kwon
Dong Hwan
.
2006
. “
Religion in the Box: Viewership of Religious Television Programs in the Philippines
”.
Journal of Communication and Religion
29
, no.
2
:
484
510
.
Pertierra
,
Ana Cristina
, and
Turner
Graeme
.
2013
.
Locating Television: Zones of Consumption
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Petersen
,
Alan
.
1997
. “
Risk, Governance and the New Public Health
”. In
Foucault, Health and Medicine
, ed.
Petersen
Alan R.
and
Bunton
Robin
,
189
206
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Philips
,
Deborah
.
2005
. “
Transformation Scenes: The Television Interior Makeover
”.
International Journal of Cultural Studies
8
, no.
2
:
213
29
.
Powell
,
Helen
, and
Prasad
Sylvie
.
2010
. “
‘As Seen On TV’: The Celebrity Expert: How Taste Is Shaped by Lifestyle Media
”.
Cultural Politics
6
, no.
1
:
111
24
.
Prakash
,
Gyan
.
1999
.
Another Reason: Science and the Imagination of Modern India
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Qiu
,
Ruixian 潏瑞狜
.
2010
.
“‘神医’层出凸显科普困局电瘺睕指传播伪科学” [‘Guru doctors’ appear like mushrooms, pointing to the predicament of science education; Television is accused of spreading pseudo-science]
.
中国新樅网 [China News Web]
. .
Raja
,
John Samuel
.
2014
. “
Actually, the Nuclear Family Is on the Decline in India
”.
Quartz India
,
July
1
. .
Rajagopal
,
Arvind
.
2001
.
Politics after Television: Hindu Nationalism and the Reshaping of the Public in India
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Ramasubramanian
,
Srividya
, and
Jain
Parul
.
2009
. “
Gender Stereotypes and Normative Heterosexuality in Matrimonial Ads from Globalizing India
”.
Asian Journal of Communication
19
:
253
69
.
Ray
,
Manas
, and
Jacka
Elizabeth
.
1996
. “
Indian Television: An Emerging Regional Force
”. In
New Patterns in Global Television: Peripheral Vision
, ed.
Sinclair
John
,
Jacka
Elizabeth
, and
Cunningham
Stuart
,
83
100
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2002
. “
The New Agents: Personal Transfiguration and Radical Privatization in New Age Self-Help
”.
Journal of Consumer Culture
2
, no.
1
:
33
52
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2007
. “
Makeover Morality and Consumer Culture
”. In
Reading Makeover Television: Realties Remodeled
, ed.
Heller
Dana A.
,
150
64
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2008
. “
Economy and Reflexivity in Makeover Television
”.
Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies
22
, no.
4
:
485
94
.
Redden
,
Guy
.
2011
. “
Religion, Cultural Studies and New Age Sacralization of Everyday Life
”.
European Journal of Cultural Studies
14
, no.
6
:
649
63
.
Ren
,
Hai
.
2010
.
Neoliberalism and Culture in Hong Kong: The Countdown of Time
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Ren
,
Hai
.
2013
.
The Middle Class in Neoliberal China: Governing Risk, Life-Building, and Themed Spaces
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Richards
,
Michael
, and
French
David
.
2000
. “
Globalisation, Television and Asia
”. In
Television in Contemporary Asia
, ed.
French
David
and
Richards
Michael
,
13
27
.
London
:
Sage
.
Risk
,
Ahmad
, and
Petersen
Carolyn
.
2002
. “
Health Information on the Internet: Quality Issues and International Initiatives
”.
JAMA
287
, no.
20
:
2713
15
.
Ritzer
,
George
.
2005
.
Enchanting a Disenchanted World: Continuity and Change in the Cathedrals of Consumption
. 3rd ed.
London
:
Pine Forge Press
.
Robbins
,
Joel
.
2002
. “
God Is Nothing but Talk: Modernity, Language and Prayer in a Papua New Guinea Society
”.
American Anthropologist
103
, no.
4
:
901
12
.
Robison
,
Richard
, and
Goodman
David S. G.
.
1996
. “
The New Rich in Asia: Economic Development, Social Status and Political Consciousness
”. In
The New Rich in Asia: Mobile Phones, McDonald’s and Middle-Class Revolution
, ed.
Robison
Richard
and
Goodman
David S. G.
,
1
18
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Rodrik
,
Dani
, and
Subramanian
Arvind
.
2004
. “
From ‘Hindu Growth’ to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition
”.
IMF Staff Papers
52
, no.
2
:
193
228
.
Rofel
,
Lisa
.
1999
.
Other Modernities: Gendered Yearnings in China after Socialism
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Rofel
,
Lisa
.
2007
.
Desiring China: Experiments in Neoliberalism, Sexuality, and Public Culture
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Roof
,
Wade Clark
.
1993
.
A Generation of Seekers: The Spiritual Journeys of the Baby Boom Generation
.
San Francisco
:
HarperSanFrancisco
.
Roof
,
Wade Clark
.
2001
.
Spiritual Marketplace: Baby Boomers and the Remaking of American Religion
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
1989
.
Governing the Soul: The Shaping of the Private Self
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
1996
.
Inventing Our Selves: Psychology, Power, and Personhood
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Roy
,
Abhijit
.
2008
. “
Bringing up TV: Popular Culture and the Developmental Modern in India
”.
South Asian Popular Culture
6
:
29
43
.
Roy
,
Abhijit
.
2012
. “
A Reflexive Turn in Television Studies? Conjectures from South Asia
”.
South Asian History and Culture
3
, no.
4
:
636
48
.
Schmidt
,
Volker H.
2006
. “
Multiple Modernities or Varieties of Modernity?
Current Sociology
54
, no.
1
:
77
97
.
Schwarcz
,
Vera
.
1986
.
The Chinese Enlightenment: Intellectuals and the Legacy of the May Fourth Movement of 1919
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Sen
,
Biswarup
, and
Roy
Abhijit
.
2014
.
Introduction to Channeling Cultures: Television Studies from India
, ed.
Sen
Biswarup
and
Roy
Abhijit
,
1
16
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
.
Shambaugh
,
David
.
2013
.
China Goes Global: The Partial Power
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Shen
,
Huiping 沈慧篳
.
2009
. “
濱析上海电生活瘺服务类絾目” [A probing analysis of the service-oriented television programs on Shanghai TV]
.
新樅爱好翻 [Journalism Enthusiasts]
11
:
180
81
.
Sherman
,
Yael D.
2008
. “
Fashioning Femininity: Clothing the Body and the Self in What Not to Wear
”. In
Exposing Lifestyle Television: The Big Reveal
, ed.
Palmer
Gareth
,
49
63
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Shih
,
Chih-yu
.
2003
.
Negotiating Ethnicity in China: Citizenship as a Response to the State
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Shih
,
Shu-mei
.
2001
.
The Lure of the Modern: Writing Modernism in Semicolonial China, 1917–1937
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Shirk
,
Susan
.
2007
.
China: Fragile Superpower
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Shivakumar
,
Girija
.
2013
. “
India Is Set to Become the Youngest Country by 2020
”.
Hindu
,
April
17
. .
Shome
,
Raka
.
2012
. “
Asian Modernities: Culture, Politics and Media
”.
Global Media and Communication
8
, no.
3
:
199
214
.
Shrinivasan
,
Rukmini
.
2012
. “
200 Million Indians Have No TV, Phone or Radio
”.
Times of India
,
March
14
. .
Shukla
,
Rajesh
.
2010
.
How India Earns, Spends and Saves: Unmasking the Real India
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
.
Shumway
,
David R.
2003
.
Modern Love: Romance, Intimacy, and the Marriage Crisis
.
New York
:
New York University Press
.
Silverstone
,
Roger
.
1994
.
Television and Everyday Life
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sinclair
,
John
,
Jacka
Elizabeth
, and
Cunningham
Stuart
, eds.
1996
.
New Patterns in Global Television: Peripheral Vision
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Skeggs
,
Beverley
.
2005
. “
The Making of Class and Gender through Visualizing Moral Subject Formation
”.
Sociology
39
, no.
5
:
965
82
.
Skeggs
,
Beverley
, and
Wood
Helen
.
2009
. “
The Labour of Transformation and Circuits of Value ‘around’ Reality Television
”. In
TV Transformations: Revealing the Makeover Show
, ed.
Lewis
Tania
,
119
32
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Skeggs
,
Beverley
, and
Wood
Helen
.
2012
.
Reality Television: Performance, Audience and Value
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Srinivas
,
Tulasi
.
2010
.
Winged Faith: Rethinking Globalization and Religious Pluralism through the Sathya Sai Movement
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Stockmann
,
Daniela
.
2013
.
Media Commercialization and Authoritarian Rule in China
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Strange
,
Niki
.
1998
. “
Perform, Educate, Entertain: Ingredients of the Cookery Programme Genre
”. In
The Television Studies Book
, ed.
Lusted
David
and
Geraghty
Christine
,
301
12
.
London
:
Arnold
.
Su
,
Herng 秹穖
, and
滓淑文
Shu-Wen Cheng
.
2009
.
“紀實娛乐節目之全球在地化历程—以探索柅澭在台灣為例” [Glocalization of nonfiction entertainment media: Programming strategies of Discovery Communication Inc. in Taiwan]
.
廣播緹椅癪 [Journal of Radio and Television Studies]
30
(
June
):
1
28
.
Subijanto
,
Rianne
.
2011
. “
The Visibility of a Pious Public
”.
Inter-Asia Cultural Studies
12
, no.
2
:
240
53
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2002
. “
Discourse of Poverty: Weakness, Potential and Provincial Identity in Anhui
”. In
Rethinking China’s Provinces
, ed.
Fitzgerald
John
,
153
78
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2005
. “
Anhui Baomu in Shanghai: Gender, Class and a Sense of Place
”. In
Locating China: Space, Place and Popular Culture
, ed.
Wang
Jing
,
171
89
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2007
. “
Dancing with Chains: Significant Moments on Chinese Television
”.
International Journal of Cultural Studies
10
, no.
2
:
187
204
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2009
.
Maid in China: Media, Morality, and the Cultural Politics of Boundaries
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2010
. “
Narrating Translocality: Dagong Poetry and the Subaltern Imagination
”.
Mobilities
5
, no.
3
:
291
309
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2012
. “
Localizing Chinese Media: A Geographic Turn in Media and Communication Research
”. In
Mapping Media in China: Region, Province, Locality
, ed.
Sun
Wanning
and
Chio
Jenny
,
13
27
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sun
,
Wanning
.
2013
. “
Scaling Lifestyle in China: The Emergence of Local Television Cultures and the Cultural Economy of Place-Making
”.
Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy
147
, no.
1
:
62
72
.