Religion and the Making of Nigeria
Expanded Sharia: The Northern Ummah and the Fourth Republic
The chapter explores the fierce conflict over the meaning of sharia among Nigeria’s contending ethno-religious and ethno-regional political classes during the country’s ongoing civil-democratic government following a prolonged era of military misrule in the 1990s. The chapter engages contentious constitutional and political issues such as the implications of expanded sharia for a secular Nigerian state, a plural Nigerian society, and citizenship rights for women and religious minorities. Through this prism of sharia politics, the chapter reveals how a deep structural divide between Hausa-Fulani Muslim rulers (Northern Muslim states) and the political class of Southern and Middle Belt states deepened the crisis of the nation-state in the global era.
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