Religion and the Making of Nigeria
Religious Revival and the State: The Rise of Pentecostalism
This chapter examines the exponential growth of Nigeria’s Pentecostal movement in the context of the political ferment of decolonization in the 1950s, the political upheaval that dominated the Nigerian-Biafra War era in the 1960s and 1970s, and the consequences of neoliberalism since the 1980s. The chapter also explores how this powerful Pentecostal movement shaped the Nigerian public sphere and transnational networks in the era of globalism. The chapter concludes with the analysis of the political implications of Pentecostal revivalism for Christian-Muslim relations, especially in Northern and Middle Belt states, during a period of state crisis and heightened religious consciousness.