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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License, available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

Part 2, “Remains of Revolution,” turns to how people opposed the accumulation of remains, explored in part 1, through four intersecting spatiotemporal moments in South Africa's revolutionary 1970s and 1980s, a revolution that was and was not. The first moment is explored in chapter 6, “The Theologico-Political Moment, 1970s.” Popularly called the Durban Moment, this confluence of labor, student, Black Consciousness, and Natal Indian Congress activism worked differently through Merebank and Wentworth, including through a strike across mainline churches. The chapter calls this the theologico-political moment, with Walter Benjamin in mind, to mark an interconnected set of leaps of faith into the political unknown, a “flashing up” of the abolition of apartheid's forms of racial personhood and territoriality. This moment made possible a Black politics disinterested in accumulation or sovereignty and committed instead to a biopolitics of life in common. Brutally suppressed, this fleeting conjuncture leaves specific remains behind.

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Bibliography

Interviews

By the author in Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Park Rynie, Gauteng, Cape Town, and Kilkenny, Ireland, 2002–9. Noms de guerre or polite forms of address are in parentheses.

  • Ibrahim Adam

  • Ismail Adam

  • Marcia Faith Adams

  • Earl Africa

  • Henry Africa

  • Sandy Africa

  • Frank Alexander

  • Donny Anderson

  • Marcel Andrews

  • Eric Apelgren

  • Eric Apelgren Sr.

  • Greta Apelgren

  • Jeanette Apelgren

  • Louise Apelgren

  • Stirling Augustine

  • Omar Badsha

  • Yvonne Bassier

  • Jo Beall

  • Virgille Bonham

  • Tayyab Hanif Bonomali

  • Eugene Brandon

  • Brenda

  • George Bridger

  • Valerie Cartens

  • Carmel Chetty

  • Roy Chetty

  • Siva Chetty

  • Clifford Collings

  • Herbert Collings

  • Ross Cuthbertson

  • Paul David

  • Debbie

  • Cheryl Debruin

  • Di

  • Patricia Dove

  • Des D'Sa

  • Louis Enock

  • Shahnaz Essop

  • Merle Favis

  • Albert Firman

  • Winnie Forbay

  • Matthew Francis

  • Colin Furie

  • Morris Fynn

  • Sharon Fynn

  • Arlene Glover

  • David Goldstone

  • Catherine Gordeen

  • Pravin Gordhan (PG)

  • Anand Govender

  • C. A. Govender

  • Kumaresan Govender

  • Mrs. P. Govender

  • Velli Govender

  • Viji Govender

  • Natlene Greaves

  • Joey Grimett

  • Mrs. Grimett

  • Beverly Hapitan

  • Phil Harrison

  • Aziz Hassim

  • Hector Henry

  • Maureen Henry

  • Pat Horn

  • David Isaacs

  • Vincent James

  • Wayne Jean-Pierre

  • Jennifer Johnson

  • Dennis Jones

  • Keith “Skido” Joseph

  • Jaya Josie

  • Ish Juggernath

  • Janey Juggernath

  • Spider Juggernath

  • Sunjith B. Juggernath

  • Usha Juggernath

  • Mr. Kay

  • Mrs. Kay

  • Marlene Kay-Greaves

  • Paddy Kearney

  • Ben Kingsley

  • Quinton Kippen

  • Barry Kistnasamy

  • Aletta Knipe

  • Noel Kok

  • Ingrid Kotze

  • Colin LaFoy

  • Roy Laikram

  • Rayman Lalla

  • K. Lalloo

  • Harry Landers

  • Llewelyn Landers

  • Niel Larrett

  • Jenny Lawrence

  • Cheryl Lawson

  • Rashaad Leonard (“Ricky”)

  • Betty Leslie

  • Willie Leslie

  • Paula Leyden

  • Karl Linderboom

  • Lorraine

  • William Lottering

  • Francie Lund

  • Adhir Maharaj

  • Brij Maharaj

  • Mac Maharaj

  • Ram Narain Maharaj

  • Daramlingam Manickam

  • Sivagami Manickam

  • Alfred Manning

  • Claudia Manning

  • Jean Manning

  • Bobby Marie

  • Lutchmee Marie (“Mrs. Marie”)

  • Leonard Mbokazi

  • Derrick McBride

  • Robert McBride

  • Marlene McClure

  • Peter McKenzie

  • Roy McPherson

  • Ruby McPherson

  • Shamim Meer

  • Troy Meyers

  • Patrick Mkhize

  • Kubesh Moodley

  • Alan Moolman

  • Jeanette Moolman

  • Chinna Kisten Moonsamy

  • Mathilda Morolong

  • John Mulligan

  • Alan Munn

  • Phyllis Naidoo

  • Rajah Naidoo

  • Rajen Naidoo

  • Umsha Naidoo

  • Billy Nair

  • Gordon Nair

  • Roy Nair

  • Cedric Nunn

  • Abba Omar

  • Owen

  • Jeevan Padayachee

  • Neelavathi Padayachee

  • Allan Pearce

  • Pearl

  • Bobby Peek

  • Krish Perumal

  • Mrs. Perumal

  • Myron Peter

  • Fred Peterson

  • Ronnie Peterson

  • Rubin Philip

  • Devan Pillay

  • Ivan Pillay

  • Rajes Pillay (Rae)

  • Ramola Pillay

  • Riedawaan Pillay

  • Sue Pillay

  • Tex Pillay

  • Trevor Pillay

  • Adrian Poole

  • Calvin Prakasim

  • David Pretorius

  • François Quarrie

  • Rhodesia Quebekels

  • Nundilall Rabilal

  • Jeeva Rajgopaul

  • Deepchund Ramchurren

  • Ranjith Ramkissoon

  • G. Ramsamy

  • Strini Reddy

  • Zolla Reddy

  • Thomas Robins

  • Roseanna

  • George Ruiters

  • Cerigh Samai

  • Olga Samuels

  • Sammy Sayed

  • Hashim Seedat

  • Sharon

  • Michelle Simon

  • Ari Sitas

  • Rishi Singh

  • Sunny Singh (Bobby Pillay)

  • Dan Smit

  • Jane Smith

  • Aubrey Snyman

  • Gail Snyman

  • Jambo Solomons

  • Irene Stainbank

  • Tilly Stewart (“Aunty Tilly”)

  • Michael Sutcliffe

  • Sammy Syed

  • Vivienne Taylor

  • Wayne Tifflin

  • Terrence Tryon

  • Stephen van Wyck

  • Flo Walljee

  • Charles Walters

  • Rose Warren

  • Wayne

  • Renee Wilson

Archives

National Archives of South Africa, Durban Archives Repository (DAR)

  • 3/DBN Town Clerk Files, Durban

    • ANN A4.8 to A4.11 Mayor's Minutes, 1921–36

    • ANN A4.11 14.4.1 Borough Boundaries Commission Report, 1929

    • ANN A4.11 14.6.1 Borough Extension Enquiries Commission Report

    • 1.2.7.1.1 Housing (Slums) Committee

    • 1.2.34.1.1 and 1.2.34.6.1 Indian Joint Advisory, 1944–79

    • 1.2.35.1.1 and 1.2.35.6.1 South Durban Indian LAC, 1967–75

    • 1.2.38.1.1 and 1.2.38.6.1 Durban Coloured LAC, 1971–75

    • 1.2.44.1.1 Indian and Coloured Affairs Advisory Committee, 1953

    • 1.3.3.1.1 and 1.3.3.6.1 Health and Housing Committee, 1927–29 and 1960–61

    • 1.3.7.1.1 Special Committee on Indian Affairs, 1944

    • 4.1.3.491 138SJ Encroachment Farm Wentworth, 1935

    • 4.1.2.1268 Sale of Land at Wentworth for Manufacture Purposes, 1929

    • 4.1.3.1339–1400 284Q Acquisition of Land at Wentworth Merebank, 1942–45, 1947–49

    • 4.1.3.2097–2098 643J MNH Merebank Native Men's Hostel, 1938–45, 1947–49

    • 4.1.3.2146 643J Slum Clearance SJ.7 Merebank Wentworth Area, 1940

    • 4.1.3.2146 643J Slum Clearance SJ.8 Point Area

    • 4.1.3.243–46 Post-War Works and Reconstruction Commission

    • 4.1.3.247 Durban Housing Survey

    • 4.1.3.1339–1400 284Q Acquisition of Land at Wentworth/Merebank

    • 4.1.3.2097–2098 643J Merebank Native Men's Hostel, 1934–45

    • 4.1.4.1431 Indian and Coloured Affairs Committees, 1959–69

    • 4.1.4.1432–1434 Race Zoning, Late 1950s

    • 4.1.4.1471–1472 Wentworth Merebank Scheme, Late 1950s

    • Transfer List of Fifth Correspondence System, in transition to 4.1.5.1 to 4.1.5.135

      • B2734 Indian Housing Scheme Merebank/Wentworth, 1964

      • B2797 Housing for Coloured People Merebank/Wentworth, 1963

      • 643.1.6 vols 1–3. 1951–57 (4.1.4.1471) Town Clerk Files

      • 4.1.5.835 Oil Refinery, 1960–64

      • 4.1.5.1248 Merebank Indian Market Gardeners, 1963

      • 4.1.5.1392 to 4.1.5.1397 Wentworth Merebank Housing Scheme, 1960–65

    • Early 1970s files in the process of being cataloged

      • Box 30 Austerville Town Planning Scheme

      • Box 80 Smoke Control Air Pollution

      • Box 105 Group Areas Race Zoning

      • box 292 Wentworth, Late 1970s

      • box 322 Housing Merebank Wentworth

National Archives of South Africa, Pietermaritzburg Archives Repository (NAB)

AGOAttorney General's Office

CNCChief Native Commissioner

IIProtector of Indian Immigrants

Local History Museum Archive, Durban

Photographic collections, including Cycle of Violence

Killie Campbell Africana Library, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban

Fynn, Henry Francis, Collection

University of Pretoria Institutional Repository

Special Collections, Historical Legal Documents, including Delmas Treason Trial record of proceedings, https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/63530

University of the Witwatersrand, Historical Papers Research Archive

AD843RJ, Records of the South African Institute of Race Relations

Gandhi-Luthuli Documentation Centre, University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN)

Voices of Resistance Collection, https://scnc.ukzn.ac.za/doc/Audio/VOR/Transcript.htm

Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

Heart of Hope Collection, https://omalley.nelsonmandela.org

Library of the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study, South Africa

Malan, D. F., Collection

Department of Justice

Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) Amnesty Hearing Decisions and Transcripts

South African History Archive (SAHA)

AL 2431, Records of the United Democratic Front

TRC hearings, decisions, submissions, and final reports archived with the South African Broadcasting Company (SABC), https://sabctrc.saha.org.za/documents.htm

South Africa History Online (SAHO)

Political biographies and archival material, https://www.sahistory.org.za

The Women's Library, London (now at the London School of Economics)

Papers of Millicent Garrett Fawcett, 1870–1929: correspondence and papers, 7/MGF

Personal Collections

  • Fynn, Morris, Durban

  • Henry, Hector, Wentworth

  • Juggernath family, Merebank

  • McBride, Derrick, Wentworth

  • Pillay, Ivan, Pretoria

  • Seedat, Hashim, Durban (HSA) (DHAC boxes numbered by author)

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Figures & Tables

Contents

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References

Bibliography

Interviews

By the author in Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Park Rynie, Gauteng, Cape Town, and Kilkenny, Ireland, 2002–9. Noms de guerre or polite forms of address are in parentheses.

  • Ibrahim Adam

  • Ismail Adam

  • Marcia Faith Adams

  • Earl Africa

  • Henry Africa

  • Sandy Africa

  • Frank Alexander

  • Donny Anderson

  • Marcel Andrews

  • Eric Apelgren

  • Eric Apelgren Sr.

  • Greta Apelgren

  • Jeanette Apelgren

  • Louise Apelgren

  • Stirling Augustine

  • Omar Badsha

  • Yvonne Bassier

  • Jo Beall

  • Virgille Bonham

  • Tayyab Hanif Bonomali

  • Eugene Brandon

  • Brenda

  • George Bridger

  • Valerie Cartens

  • Carmel Chetty

  • Roy Chetty

  • Siva Chetty

  • Clifford Collings

  • Herbert Collings

  • Ross Cuthbertson

  • Paul David

  • Debbie

  • Cheryl Debruin

  • Di

  • Patricia Dove

  • Des D'Sa

  • Louis Enock

  • Shahnaz Essop

  • Merle Favis

  • Albert Firman

  • Winnie Forbay

  • Matthew Francis

  • Colin Furie

  • Morris Fynn

  • Sharon Fynn

  • Arlene Glover

  • David Goldstone

  • Catherine Gordeen

  • Pravin Gordhan (PG)

  • Anand Govender

  • C. A. Govender

  • Kumaresan Govender

  • Mrs. P. Govender

  • Velli Govender

  • Viji Govender

  • Natlene Greaves

  • Joey Grimett

  • Mrs. Grimett

  • Beverly Hapitan

  • Phil Harrison

  • Aziz Hassim

  • Hector Henry

  • Maureen Henry

  • Pat Horn

  • David Isaacs

  • Vincent James

  • Wayne Jean-Pierre

  • Jennifer Johnson

  • Dennis Jones

  • Keith “Skido” Joseph

  • Jaya Josie

  • Ish Juggernath

  • Janey Juggernath

  • Spider Juggernath

  • Sunjith B. Juggernath

  • Usha Juggernath

  • Mr. Kay

  • Mrs. Kay

  • Marlene Kay-Greaves

  • Paddy Kearney

  • Ben Kingsley

  • Quinton Kippen

  • Barry Kistnasamy

  • Aletta Knipe

  • Noel Kok

  • Ingrid Kotze

  • Colin LaFoy

  • Roy Laikram

  • Rayman Lalla

  • K. Lalloo

  • Harry Landers

  • Llewelyn Landers

  • Niel Larrett

  • Jenny Lawrence

  • Cheryl Lawson

  • Rashaad Leonard (“Ricky”)

  • Betty Leslie

  • Willie Leslie

  • Paula Leyden

  • Karl Linderboom

  • Lorraine

  • William Lottering

  • Francie Lund

  • Adhir Maharaj

  • Brij Maharaj

  • Mac Maharaj

  • Ram Narain Maharaj

  • Daramlingam Manickam

  • Sivagami Manickam

  • Alfred Manning

  • Claudia Manning

  • Jean Manning

  • Bobby Marie

  • Lutchmee Marie (“Mrs. Marie”)

  • Leonard Mbokazi

  • Derrick McBride

  • Robert McBride

  • Marlene McClure

  • Peter McKenzie

  • Roy McPherson

  • Ruby McPherson

  • Shamim Meer

  • Troy Meyers

  • Patrick Mkhize

  • Kubesh Moodley

  • Alan Moolman

  • Jeanette Moolman

  • Chinna Kisten Moonsamy

  • Mathilda Morolong

  • John Mulligan

  • Alan Munn

  • Phyllis Naidoo

  • Rajah Naidoo

  • Rajen Naidoo

  • Umsha Naidoo

  • Billy Nair

  • Gordon Nair

  • Roy Nair

  • Cedric Nunn

  • Abba Omar

  • Owen

  • Jeevan Padayachee

  • Neelavathi Padayachee

  • Allan Pearce

  • Pearl

  • Bobby Peek

  • Krish Perumal

  • Mrs. Perumal

  • Myron Peter

  • Fred Peterson

  • Ronnie Peterson

  • Rubin Philip

  • Devan Pillay

  • Ivan Pillay

  • Rajes Pillay (Rae)

  • Ramola Pillay

  • Riedawaan Pillay

  • Sue Pillay

  • Tex Pillay

  • Trevor Pillay

  • Adrian Poole

  • Calvin Prakasim

  • David Pretorius

  • François Quarrie

  • Rhodesia Quebekels

  • Nundilall Rabilal

  • Jeeva Rajgopaul

  • Deepchund Ramchurren

  • Ranjith Ramkissoon

  • G. Ramsamy

  • Strini Reddy

  • Zolla Reddy

  • Thomas Robins

  • Roseanna

  • George Ruiters

  • Cerigh Samai

  • Olga Samuels

  • Sammy Sayed

  • Hashim Seedat

  • Sharon

  • Michelle Simon

  • Ari Sitas

  • Rishi Singh

  • Sunny Singh (Bobby Pillay)

  • Dan Smit

  • Jane Smith

  • Aubrey Snyman

  • Gail Snyman

  • Jambo Solomons

  • Irene Stainbank

  • Tilly Stewart (“Aunty Tilly”)

  • Michael Sutcliffe

  • Sammy Syed

  • Vivienne Taylor

  • Wayne Tifflin

  • Terrence Tryon

  • Stephen van Wyck

  • Flo Walljee

  • Charles Walters

  • Rose Warren

  • Wayne

  • Renee Wilson

Archives

National Archives of South Africa, Durban Archives Repository (DAR)

  • 3/DBN Town Clerk Files, Durban

    • ANN A4.8 to A4.11 Mayor's Minutes, 1921–36

    • ANN A4.11 14.4.1 Borough Boundaries Commission Report, 1929

    • ANN A4.11 14.6.1 Borough Extension Enquiries Commission Report

    • 1.2.7.1.1 Housing (Slums) Committee

    • 1.2.34.1.1 and 1.2.34.6.1 Indian Joint Advisory, 1944–79

    • 1.2.35.1.1 and 1.2.35.6.1 South Durban Indian LAC, 1967–75

    • 1.2.38.1.1 and 1.2.38.6.1 Durban Coloured LAC, 1971–75

    • 1.2.44.1.1 Indian and Coloured Affairs Advisory Committee, 1953

    • 1.3.3.1.1 and 1.3.3.6.1 Health and Housing Committee, 1927–29 and 1960–61

    • 1.3.7.1.1 Special Committee on Indian Affairs, 1944

    • 4.1.3.491 138SJ Encroachment Farm Wentworth, 1935

    • 4.1.2.1268 Sale of Land at Wentworth for Manufacture Purposes, 1929

    • 4.1.3.1339–1400 284Q Acquisition of Land at Wentworth Merebank, 1942–45, 1947–49

    • 4.1.3.2097–2098 643J MNH Merebank Native Men's Hostel, 1938–45, 1947–49

    • 4.1.3.2146 643J Slum Clearance SJ.7 Merebank Wentworth Area, 1940

    • 4.1.3.2146 643J Slum Clearance SJ.8 Point Area

    • 4.1.3.243–46 Post-War Works and Reconstruction Commission

    • 4.1.3.247 Durban Housing Survey

    • 4.1.3.1339–1400 284Q Acquisition of Land at Wentworth/Merebank

    • 4.1.3.2097–2098 643J Merebank Native Men's Hostel, 1934–45

    • 4.1.4.1431 Indian and Coloured Affairs Committees, 1959–69

    • 4.1.4.1432–1434 Race Zoning, Late 1950s

    • 4.1.4.1471–1472 Wentworth Merebank Scheme, Late 1950s

    • Transfer List of Fifth Correspondence System, in transition to 4.1.5.1 to 4.1.5.135

      • B2734 Indian Housing Scheme Merebank/Wentworth, 1964

      • B2797 Housing for Coloured People Merebank/Wentworth, 1963

      • 643.1.6 vols 1–3. 1951–57 (4.1.4.1471) Town Clerk Files

      • 4.1.5.835 Oil Refinery, 1960–64

      • 4.1.5.1248 Merebank Indian Market Gardeners, 1963

      • 4.1.5.1392 to 4.1.5.1397 Wentworth Merebank Housing Scheme, 1960–65

    • Early 1970s files in the process of being cataloged

      • Box 30 Austerville Town Planning Scheme

      • Box 80 Smoke Control Air Pollution

      • Box 105 Group Areas Race Zoning

      • box 292 Wentworth, Late 1970s

      • box 322 Housing Merebank Wentworth

National Archives of South Africa, Pietermaritzburg Archives Repository (NAB)

AGOAttorney General's Office

CNCChief Native Commissioner

IIProtector of Indian Immigrants

Local History Museum Archive, Durban

Photographic collections, including Cycle of Violence

Killie Campbell Africana Library, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban

Fynn, Henry Francis, Collection

University of Pretoria Institutional Repository

Special Collections, Historical Legal Documents, including Delmas Treason Trial record of proceedings, https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/63530

University of the Witwatersrand, Historical Papers Research Archive

AD843RJ, Records of the South African Institute of Race Relations

Gandhi-Luthuli Documentation Centre, University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN)

Voices of Resistance Collection, https://scnc.ukzn.ac.za/doc/Audio/VOR/Transcript.htm

Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

Heart of Hope Collection, https://omalley.nelsonmandela.org

Library of the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study, South Africa

Malan, D. F., Collection

Department of Justice

Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) Amnesty Hearing Decisions and Transcripts

South African History Archive (SAHA)

AL 2431, Records of the United Democratic Front

TRC hearings, decisions, submissions, and final reports archived with the South African Broadcasting Company (SABC), https://sabctrc.saha.org.za/documents.htm

South Africa History Online (SAHO)

Political biographies and archival material, https://www.sahistory.org.za

The Women's Library, London (now at the London School of Economics)

Papers of Millicent Garrett Fawcett, 1870–1929: correspondence and papers, 7/MGF

Personal Collections

  • Fynn, Morris, Durban

  • Henry, Hector, Wentworth

  • Juggernath family, Merebank

  • McBride, Derrick, Wentworth

  • Pillay, Ivan, Pretoria

  • Seedat, Hashim, Durban (HSA) (DHAC boxes numbered by author)

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