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Chapter 4 looks at how Silicon Valley imperialism builds on Cold War imaginaries while disavowing its own technofascist past. It explores the role of IBM in powering Romania’s presocialist genocidal project while also looking at the company’s postsocialist incursion aimed at capitalizing on socialism’s remains. At the same time, this chapter investigates how Western technological imaginaries collapse communism and fascism together, promising salvation through Siliconization. This anticommunist plot celebrates the Orientalist figment of the Eastern European hacker, an ongoing threat to the free world that allegedly only US cybersecurity can extinguish. This chapter draws on ethnographic research and archival investigations into Romanian computing histories. It also follows a theater play made by the Bucharest-based playwright David Schwartz that brings to the fore lived experiences of postsocialist technological transition.

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