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Kendrick Lamar surprised fans and critics alike with the Spring 2015 release of To Pimp a Butterfly, a project of uplift in a time of chaos. In a section of the album the chapter coins its “Middle Passage,” four successive records outline his existential journey as he wrestles with the “evils of Lucy”: “u,” “Alright,” “For Sale? (interlude),” and “Momma.” In a recurring skit, he admits that though these evils are “all around” him, he keeps “running for answers”; he eventually finds them when he comes “home,” arriving there on “Momma.” This chapter contends that “Lucy” is a “mocking double.” Although listeners regard the persona as Lucifer, the chapter reads the album's lyrics and watches its music videos to convey Lamar, himself a mocking double, exorcising evil and simultaneously seeking the double of “Lucifer”: the oldest human fossil located in Ethiopia in 1974, “Lucy.”

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