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The epilogue reflects on the long shadows cast by the revolutionary state as the first generation of educated Aymara youth came of political age during the 1960s and 1970s. The resurgence of ethnic politics and collective memory found multiple expressions during the final three decades of the twentieth century in the rise of a radical Aymara student movement and its searing anticolonial critique of Bolivia's discriminatory public school policies in the 1970s; in Bolivia's halting (and ambivalent) turn toward a postcolonial pedagogy of bilingualism, racial inclusion, and ethnic pluralism in the late 1980s and 1990s; and in the public redemption of Warisata as a multivalent symbol of Indigenous education, cultural identity, and self-determination in Bolivia's long internal war against racial oppression.

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