Sheryl Lightfoot is Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia and author of
Elsa Stamatopoulou is Director of the Indigenous Peoples' Rights Program at the Institute for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University and author of
Indigenous Peoples and Borders in the South American Context: Displacement, Migrations, and Human Rights
Erika M. Yamada, Manoel B. do Prado Junior, 2023. "Indigenous Peoples and Borders in the South American Context: Displacement, Migrations, and Human Rights", Indigenous Peoples and Borders, Sheryl Lightfoot, Elsa Stamatopoulou
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This chapter provides a detailed analysis of international human rights laws and institutions and the relationship between Indigenous Peoples in South America and colonial borders. This chapter argues that advancing self-determination for transborder and transnational Indigenous Peoples requires transborder mechanisms to enhance dialogue between states and Indigenous Peoples. Grounded in a historical perspective, this chapter documents violations of the fundamental rights of Indigenous Peoples related to state borders, including internal displacement, assimilation, and isolation, often as a result of large-scale infrastructure development in borderlands. Infrastructure development and resource extraction projects push Indigenous Peoples across borders and sever relationships between Indigenous communities. This chapter presents these conflicts as being unfit for existing dialogue mechanisms and requiring the creation of new frameworks for conversation between states and Indigenous Peoples.