Sheryl Lightfoot is Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia and author of
Elsa Stamatopoulou is Director of the Indigenous Peoples' Rights Program at the Institute for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University and author of
David B. MacDonald, 2023. "Friendships and Broken Friendships: Reframing Borders, Anglo Settler States, and Indigenous Peoples", Indigenous Peoples and Borders, Sheryl Lightfoot, Elsa Stamatopoulou
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This chapter argues that the behavior of Anglo settler states and Indigenous Peoples within a logic of sovereignty is discordant with prevailing international relations theory instead of engaging bonds of relational friendship. Where mainstream international relations theory prioritizes a territorial space, this chapter finds that both settler states and Indigenous Peoples pull instead from cooperative communities to securitize. For Indigenous Peoples, transnational and domestic solidarity movements fight against imposed borders and transnational disempowerment, and for settler states, allies work together to enhance settler power against Indigenous Peoples. The chapter notes that the behavior of neither settler states nor Indigenous Peoples fits into Realist, Liberal, or Constructivist frameworks, exposing a gap filled by this chapter's emphasis on friendship relations.