Anne L. Foster is Associate Professor of History at Indiana State University, author of
After the United States adopted prohibition for its colony the Philippines in 1905, US officials began to promote prohibition internationally. Despite initial skepticism, especially from Britain and France, countries began to embrace aspects of drug prohibition, starting with opium prohibition, at international conferences during the early twentieth century. The League of Nations included an Opium Advisory Committee as a permanent component, and members met regularly in Geneva. The United States led the effort for prohibition at these conferences, but all countries jockeyed to shape international drug policy to suit their own interests.