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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

A century of mining turned South Africa's Rand inside out, producing colossal tailings piles that bisect the city of Johannesburg. Apartheid intensified the discrimination wrought by mine dust, placing millions of Black residents downwind of the dump band. Still today, winter winds blow radioactive dust from these piles into the homes and lungs of some 1.6 million urban residents. Over the course of the twentieth century, residual governance made the problems worse. Dust mitigation measures and other efforts at remediation were racist by design, etching racial capitalism onto Black bodies. This chapter tacks between the weak remediation attempts of industry experts and the portrayals of artists such as Ernest Cole, who expressed the power and experience of the dumps through photography and poetry. One dump, which had been turned into a drive-in movie theater for whites, became a flashpoint for the politics of heritage in postapartheid South Africa.

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