Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

By the early 1960s, Horace Tapscott and other artists concluded that an alternative communal value system and aesthetic that drew from the most positive aspects of their past history and addressed contemporary needs were necessary for their community. They formed the Underground Musicians Assocation (UGMA) with such a purpose in mind. They sought inspiration in the wisdom of shared historical experiences, which ranged from traditional West and West Central African cultures, through the social bonding required to survive the depredations of slavery, to communal values developed during the period of de jure racial segregation. This chapter explores those early influences.

This content is only available as PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal