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LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT The James Weldon Johnson Collection

Columbia University, New York, NY

Alfred A. Knopf Oral History Interview

August Mencken Oral History Interview

Carl Van Vechten Oral History Interview

George Samuel Schuyler Oral History Interview

Jazz Project Oral History Collection

Jimmy Walker Oral History Interview

Popular Arts Oral History Collection

Richard Rodgers Oral History Interview

Lesbian Herstory Archives, Brooklyn, NY

New York City Department of Records and Information Services, City Hall Library and Municipal Archives, New York, NY (NYC)

City Council, 1647–1977—Board of Aldermen (Minutes from the Board of Aldermen)

Minutes from the Board of Estimate and Apportionment

New York City Department of Records and Information Services, Municipal Archives, New York, NY

John F. Hylan, Mayor’s Papers

James Walker, Mayor’s Papers

New York Public Library, Special Collections, Stephen A. Schwarzman Building, New York, NY (NYPL)

Carl Van Vechten Papers

Committee of Fifteen Records, 1900–1901

Committee of Fourteen Records, 1905–32 (C14)

New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Eva Gautier Letters

New York Public Library Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York, NY (sc)

Aaron Douglas Papers

Alberta Hunter Papers

Arthur Alonso Schomburg Papers

Bert Williams Portrait Collection

Bill Robinson Portrait Collection

Charles Gilpin Photograph Collection

Claude McKay Letters and Manuscripts

David Levering Lewis, “Voices from the Renaissance” Collection

Ethel Waters Portrait Collection

Eubie Blake Interviews

Fletcher Henderson Portrait Collection

George Walker Portrait Collection

George Washington Glover Papers

Glenn Carrington Papers

Gwendolyn Bennett Papers

J. Rosamond Johnson Portrait Collection

Josephine Baker Portrait Collection

Jules Bledsoe Papers

Katherine Handy Lewis Papers

Langston Hughes Vertical Files

Lawrence Brown Papers

Louis Armstrong Jazz Oral History Project

Louis Armstrong Portrait Collection

Ma Rainey Portrait Collection

Mamie Smith Portrait Collection

Marcus Garvey Portrait Collection

Negro Labor Committee Records

Paul Robeson Collection

Ralph J. Bunche Papers

Regina Andrews Photograph Collection

Samuel Edwin Heyward Papers

Victoria Spivey Photograph Collection

Voices from the Renaissance Collection

Wilhelmina Adams Papers and Photograph Collection

William Pickens Papers

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NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS

New York Amsterdam News

New York Evening Graphic

New York Evening Journal

New York Times

Saturday News

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This content is only available as PDF.

DISCOGRAPHY

Astaire
,
Fred
. “
Puttin’ on the Ritz
.”
Recorded in 1930
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Intersound 1401, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Crumit
,
Frank
. “
Palesteena
.”
Recorded in 1920
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Intersound 1401, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Ellington
,
Duke
. “
Swingtime in Honolulu
.”
Recorded 11 April 1938
.
Cotton Club: A Nostalgia Collection
.
Gallerie GALE 455, 2000, 2 compact discs
.
Grainger
,
Porter
. “
Hula Blues
.”
Recorded April 1924
.
Porter Grainger in Chronological Order, 1923–1929
.
RST Records JPCD-1521–2, 1995, compact disc
.
Henderson
,
Fletcher
. “
He Wasn’t Born in Araby, But He’s a Sheikin’ Fool
.”
Recorded April 1924
.
Fletcher Henderson and the Blues Singers. Vol. 2, 1923–1924
.
Document Records DOCD-s5343, 1995, compact disc
.
Trio
Paul Biese
with
Crumit
Frank
. “
Chile Bean
.”
Recorded in 1920
.
1920: “Even Water’s Getting Weaker.”
Archeophone 9001a, 2004, compact disc
.
Rudy Wiedoeft’s Californians
. “
The Sheik of Araby
.”
Recorded in 1921
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Intersound 1401, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Smith
,
Bessie
. “
Foolish Man Blues
.”
Recorded 27 October 1927
.
Bessie Smith: The Complete Recordings
. Vol.
3
.
Columbia Records c2k47474, 1992, 2 compact discs
.
Sol Ho’opp’i and His Novelty Quartet
. “
Hula Girl
.”
Recorded 7 March 1927
.
Chansons Populaires Hawaiiennes, 1920–1930
.
EPM Musique 995842, 1997, compact disc
.
Tucker
,
Sophie
. “
In Old King Tutankhamen’s Day
.”
Recorded in 1923
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Waves 1400, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Waller
,
Fats
. “
In Harlem’s Araby
.”
Recorded May 1924
.
The Complete Recorded Works, Volume 1
.
JSP Records, JSP927A, 2007, 4 compact discs
.
Waller
,
Fats
. “
The Sheik of Araby
.”
Lyrics by Harry B. Smith, composed by Ted Snyder. Recorded in 1939
.
Very Best of Fats Waller
.
RCA b000050g8c, 2000, compact disc
.
Webb
,
Chick
. “
Swinging on the Reservation
.”
Recorded 29 October 1936
.
Stomping at the Savoy
.
Proper BOOODNVRZ6, 2006, compact disc
.
This content is only available as PDF.

SHEET MUSIC

Berlin
,
Irving
.
“Araby.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1915
.
Berlin
,
Irving
.
“From Here to Shanghai.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1917
.
Berlin
,
Irving
.
“Puttin’ on the Ritz.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1929
.
Onivas
,
D.
“Burning Sands: An Answer to ‘The Sheik.’”
New York
:
Richmond-Robbins
,
1922
.
Smith
,
Harry B.
(lyricist),
Wheeler
Francis
(lyricist), and
Snyder
Ted
(ccomposer).
“The Sheik of Araby.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1921
.
Yellen
,
Jack
(lyricist), and
Ager
Milton
(composer).
“Lovin’ Sam (The Sheik of Alabam).”
New York
:
Ager, Yellen, Bornstein
,
1922
.
This content is only available as PDF.

FILMS, VIDEOS, AND DOCUMENTARIES

Heisler
,
Stuart
, and
Sandrich
Mark
, dirs.
Blue Skies
.
1946
.
Special ed., with Birth of the Blues, 1941
.
Universal City, CA
:
Paramount/Universal Studios,
2003
.
DVD
.
Lee
,
Spike
, dir.
Bamboozled
.
Brooklyn, NY
:
Forty Acres and a Mule Filmworks/New Line Cinema
,
2000
.
DVD
.
Melford
,
George
, dir.
The Sheik
.
1921
.
Special ed., with The Son of the Sheik, 1926
.
Chatsworth, CA
:
Paramount Pictures/Image Entertainment
,
2002
.
DVD
.
Riggs
,
Marlon
, dir.
Color Adjustment
.
San Francisco
:
California Newsreel
,
2004
.
DVD
.
Walsh
,
Raoul
, dir.
The Thief of Baghdad: An Arabian Nights Fantasy
.
1924
.
Deluxe ed. Douglas Fairbanks Pictures/Kino Video, 2004. DVD
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

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References

LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT The James Weldon Johnson Collection

Columbia University, New York, NY

Alfred A. Knopf Oral History Interview

August Mencken Oral History Interview

Carl Van Vechten Oral History Interview

George Samuel Schuyler Oral History Interview

Jazz Project Oral History Collection

Jimmy Walker Oral History Interview

Popular Arts Oral History Collection

Richard Rodgers Oral History Interview

Lesbian Herstory Archives, Brooklyn, NY

New York City Department of Records and Information Services, City Hall Library and Municipal Archives, New York, NY (NYC)

City Council, 1647–1977—Board of Aldermen (Minutes from the Board of Aldermen)

Minutes from the Board of Estimate and Apportionment

New York City Department of Records and Information Services, Municipal Archives, New York, NY

John F. Hylan, Mayor’s Papers

James Walker, Mayor’s Papers

New York Public Library, Special Collections, Stephen A. Schwarzman Building, New York, NY (NYPL)

Carl Van Vechten Papers

Committee of Fifteen Records, 1900–1901

Committee of Fourteen Records, 1905–32 (C14)

New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Eva Gautier Letters

New York Public Library Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York, NY (sc)

Aaron Douglas Papers

Alberta Hunter Papers

Arthur Alonso Schomburg Papers

Bert Williams Portrait Collection

Bill Robinson Portrait Collection

Charles Gilpin Photograph Collection

Claude McKay Letters and Manuscripts

David Levering Lewis, “Voices from the Renaissance” Collection

Ethel Waters Portrait Collection

Eubie Blake Interviews

Fletcher Henderson Portrait Collection

George Walker Portrait Collection

George Washington Glover Papers

Glenn Carrington Papers

Gwendolyn Bennett Papers

J. Rosamond Johnson Portrait Collection

Josephine Baker Portrait Collection

Jules Bledsoe Papers

Katherine Handy Lewis Papers

Langston Hughes Vertical Files

Lawrence Brown Papers

Louis Armstrong Jazz Oral History Project

Louis Armstrong Portrait Collection

Ma Rainey Portrait Collection

Mamie Smith Portrait Collection

Marcus Garvey Portrait Collection

Negro Labor Committee Records

Paul Robeson Collection

Ralph J. Bunche Papers

Regina Andrews Photograph Collection

Samuel Edwin Heyward Papers

Victoria Spivey Photograph Collection

Voices from the Renaissance Collection

Wilhelmina Adams Papers and Photograph Collection

William Pickens Papers

NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS

New York Amsterdam News

New York Evening Graphic

New York Evening Journal

New York Times

Saturday News

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.

DISCOGRAPHY

Astaire
,
Fred
. “
Puttin’ on the Ritz
.”
Recorded in 1930
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Intersound 1401, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Crumit
,
Frank
. “
Palesteena
.”
Recorded in 1920
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Intersound 1401, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Ellington
,
Duke
. “
Swingtime in Honolulu
.”
Recorded 11 April 1938
.
Cotton Club: A Nostalgia Collection
.
Gallerie GALE 455, 2000, 2 compact discs
.
Grainger
,
Porter
. “
Hula Blues
.”
Recorded April 1924
.
Porter Grainger in Chronological Order, 1923–1929
.
RST Records JPCD-1521–2, 1995, compact disc
.
Henderson
,
Fletcher
. “
He Wasn’t Born in Araby, But He’s a Sheikin’ Fool
.”
Recorded April 1924
.
Fletcher Henderson and the Blues Singers. Vol. 2, 1923–1924
.
Document Records DOCD-s5343, 1995, compact disc
.
Trio
Paul Biese
with
Crumit
Frank
. “
Chile Bean
.”
Recorded in 1920
.
1920: “Even Water’s Getting Weaker.”
Archeophone 9001a, 2004, compact disc
.
Rudy Wiedoeft’s Californians
. “
The Sheik of Araby
.”
Recorded in 1921
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Intersound 1401, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Smith
,
Bessie
. “
Foolish Man Blues
.”
Recorded 27 October 1927
.
Bessie Smith: The Complete Recordings
. Vol.
3
.
Columbia Records c2k47474, 1992, 2 compact discs
.
Sol Ho’opp’i and His Novelty Quartet
. “
Hula Girl
.”
Recorded 7 March 1927
.
Chansons Populaires Hawaiiennes, 1920–1930
.
EPM Musique 995842, 1997, compact disc
.
Tucker
,
Sophie
. “
In Old King Tutankhamen’s Day
.”
Recorded in 1923
.
The Roaring Twenties
.
Waves 1400, 1997, 4 compact discs
.
Waller
,
Fats
. “
In Harlem’s Araby
.”
Recorded May 1924
.
The Complete Recorded Works, Volume 1
.
JSP Records, JSP927A, 2007, 4 compact discs
.
Waller
,
Fats
. “
The Sheik of Araby
.”
Lyrics by Harry B. Smith, composed by Ted Snyder. Recorded in 1939
.
Very Best of Fats Waller
.
RCA b000050g8c, 2000, compact disc
.
Webb
,
Chick
. “
Swinging on the Reservation
.”
Recorded 29 October 1936
.
Stomping at the Savoy
.
Proper BOOODNVRZ6, 2006, compact disc
.

SHEET MUSIC

Berlin
,
Irving
.
“Araby.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1915
.
Berlin
,
Irving
.
“From Here to Shanghai.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1917
.
Berlin
,
Irving
.
“Puttin’ on the Ritz.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1929
.
Onivas
,
D.
“Burning Sands: An Answer to ‘The Sheik.’”
New York
:
Richmond-Robbins
,
1922
.
Smith
,
Harry B.
(lyricist),
Wheeler
Francis
(lyricist), and
Snyder
Ted
(ccomposer).
“The Sheik of Araby.”
New York
:
Waterson, Berlin, and Snyder
,
1921
.
Yellen
,
Jack
(lyricist), and
Ager
Milton
(composer).
“Lovin’ Sam (The Sheik of Alabam).”
New York
:
Ager, Yellen, Bornstein
,
1922
.

FILMS, VIDEOS, AND DOCUMENTARIES

Heisler
,
Stuart
, and
Sandrich
Mark
, dirs.
Blue Skies
.
1946
.
Special ed., with Birth of the Blues, 1941
.
Universal City, CA
:
Paramount/Universal Studios,
2003
.
DVD
.
Lee
,
Spike
, dir.
Bamboozled
.
Brooklyn, NY
:
Forty Acres and a Mule Filmworks/New Line Cinema
,
2000
.
DVD
.
Melford
,
George
, dir.
The Sheik
.
1921
.
Special ed., with The Son of the Sheik, 1926
.
Chatsworth, CA
:
Paramount Pictures/Image Entertainment
,
2002
.
DVD
.
Riggs
,
Marlon
, dir.
Color Adjustment
.
San Francisco
:
California Newsreel
,
2004
.
DVD
.
Walsh
,
Raoul
, dir.
The Thief of Baghdad: An Arabian Nights Fantasy
.
1924
.
Deluxe ed. Douglas Fairbanks Pictures/Kino Video, 2004. DVD
.
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