Amistad Research Center, Tulane University, New Orleans
Catholic Council on Human Relations Papers
American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives at Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (CUA Archives)
Catholic Interracial Council of New York Collection
National Catholic Welfare Conference Collection
Archives of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, Baltimore (AB Archives)
Archives of the Archdiocese of St. Louis, St. Louis, MO (ASL Archives)
Archives of the Diocese of Savannah, Savannah, GA (DS Archives)
Archives of the Carmelite Monastery of Baltimore Archives of the Daughters of the Heart of Mary, Holyoke, MA (DHM Archives)
Archives of the Franciscan Sisters of Mary Archives, St. Louis, MO (FSM Archives)
Archives of the Oblate Sisters of Providence, Baltimore (OSP Archives)
Archives of the Sisters of Charity of Seton Hill, Greensburg, PA (SCSH Archives)
Archives of the Sisters of Charity of New York, Bronx, NY (SCNY Archives)
Archives of the Sisters of Loretto at the Foot of the Cross, Nerinx, KY (SL Archives)
Archives of the Society of Mary, Rome, Italy Archives of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament, Cornwells Heights, PA (SBS Archives)
Archives of the Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi, St. Francis, WI
Archives of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family, New Orleans (SSF Archives)
Archives of the University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (UND Archives)
Leadership Conference of Women Religious Papers
Joseph M. Davis Papers
Archives of the Ursuline Sisters of the Eastern Province, New Rochelle, NY
Department of Special Collections and University Archives, Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI (MUSCA)
National Black Sisters’ Conference Papers
Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, GA
Jesuit Archives and Research Center, St. Louis, MO (JARC)
Josephite Archives, Baltimore, MD
Maryknoll Mission Archives, Maryknoll, NY
Mercy Heritage Center Archives, Belmont, NC (RSM Archives)
National Archives, Washington, DC
New England Archives of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, Ipswich, MA
Ohio Archives of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, Cincinnati, OH
Pittsburgh Courier Archives
Saint Thomas University Archives, Miami Gardens, FL
National Office for Black Catholics (NOBC) Papers
Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Archives, Monroe, MI
Xavier University of Louisiana Archives and Special Collections, New Orleans (XULA Archives)
Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA)
Afro-American (Washington, DC)
American Catholic Tribune
American Missionary (New York)
Amsterdam News (New York)
Anchor (Diocese of Fall River, MA)
Boston Sunday Globe
Catholic Action of the South (New Orleans)
Catholic Key (Kansas City, MO)
Catholic News Service
Catholic New York
Catholic Review (Baltimore)
Catholic Standard and Times (Washington, DC)
Catholic Telegraph (Cincinnati, OH)
Catholic Transcript (Hartford, CT)
Catholic World Report
Chicago Daily Defender
Chronicle: Official Organ of the Federated Colored Catholics of the United States (formerly the St. Elizabeth’s Chronicle, later the Interracial Review)
Clarion Herald (New Orleans)
Colonel Mayfield’s Weekly (Houston, TX)
Colored Harvest ( later Josephite Harvest)
Commercial Appeal (Memphis, TN)
Community (New York)
Contact: Holy Family Newsletter
Courier-Journal (Louisville, KY)
Daily News (Memphis, TN)
Daily Picayune (New Orleans)
Des Moines Register
Detroit Free Press
Giving Voice: A Newsletter for Women Religious Under 50
Global Sisters Report
Guardian (Manchester, UK)
Guardian: Official Publication of the Diocese of Little Rock (Arkansas)
Hyde Park Herald
Impact!: Newsletter of the National Office for Black Catholics
Irish World and American Industrial Liberator
Josephite Harvest (formerly the Colored Harvest)
The Journal (Webster University)
Just for You: A Newsletter for Parents of Alvernians
Kansas City (MO) Times
Lebanon (KY) Enterprise
Los Angeles Sentinel
Los Angeles Times
Morning Star (New Orleans)
National Catholic Reporter
National Catholic Register (formerly the Denver Catholic Register)
N.C.W.C. News Service
New Journal and Guide (Norfolk, VA)
New Orleans States-Item
News Journal (Chicago)
New York Times
Oblates in Action: Newsletter
Our Colored Missions
Pantagraph (Bloomington, IL)
Pew Research Center—Fact Tank
Pittsburgh Tribune and Review
Plain Dealer (Cleveland)
Savannah (GA) Morning News
Savannah (GA) Tribune
Signs of Soul: Newsletter of the National Black Sisters’ Conference
Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet, St. Louis Province: Newsletter
St. Anthony Messenger
St. Augustine’s Messenger (later the St. Augustine’s Catholic Messenger and the Divine Word Messenger)
St. Augustine (FL) Record
St. Louis Daily Globe-Democrat
St. Louis Globe and Democrat
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
St. Louis Review
Tampa Bay Times
Times-Picayune (New Orleans)
U.S. Catholic Magazine
Washington (DC) Informer
Washington Post and Times-Herald
Wednesday Journal (Oak Park, IL)
Interviews are by author unless otherwise noted.
Adams, Sherrill (formerly Sister Nathan Marie, SSND), July 24, 2014.
Alexander, Mary Bertha (formerly Sister Mary Concepta, FHM), New York, June 8, 2017.
Baird, Sister Anita, DHM, July 24, 2016, and March 3, 2017. Telephone.
Banfield, Sister Donna, SBS, Memphis, TN, October 27, 2009.
Barial, Sister Mary Judith Therese, SSF, New Orleans, July 7, 2009.
Beasley, Sister Barbara, RGS, July 24, 2015. Telephone.
Bell, Sister Gilda Marie, SBS, New Orleans, August 22, 2009.
Billings, Sister Cora Marie, RSM, July 6, 2010. Telephone.
Bottoms, Sister Mary Kendra, SND, November 18, 2017. Email.
Brown, Dr. Joseph A., SJ, June 20, 2014. Telephone and email.
Bussey, Dr. Deborah Plummer (formerly Sister Phillis Marie, SND), October 23, 2013. Telephone.
Chappell, Sister Patricia, SNDdeN, May 14, 2017. Telephone.
Chineworth, Sister Mary Alice, OSP, Baltimore, February 1, 2010.
Colbert, Sister Josita, SNDdeN (formerly OSP), June 23, 2014, and August 9, 2016. Telephone.
Coleman, Sister Martin de Porres, SNDdeN, September 4, 2013. Telephone.
Copeland, Dr. M. Shawn (formerly Sister M. Shawn Copeland, CSSF and OP), March 5, 2007. Telephone.
Daniels-Sykes, Dr. Shawnee (formerly ssnd), September 22, 2016. Email.
Deconge-Watson, Lovenia (formerly Sister Mary Sylvester, SSF), June 9, 2010. Interview by The HistoryMakers.
Dillard, Sister Irma, RSCJ, April 14, 2017. Telephone and email.
Dimaku, Sister Cecilia, SSH, New Orleans, October 20, 2016.
Dual, Sister Patricia, op, June 20, 2014. Telephone.
Ebo, Sister Mary Antona, FSM, March 26, 2007. Telephone.
Edmond, Reverend Kimberley Clark (formerly Sister Mary Kimberley, RSM), November 20, 2015. Telephone.
Faustina, Sister Mary Angela, CSJ, October 30, 2015. Telephone.
Findlay, Sister Desire-Anne, CSSF, August 29, 2015. Telephone.
Fish, Sister M. Virginie, OSP, Baltimore, March 11, 2010.
Francis, Dr. Norman, September 11, 2009. Telephone.
Gemperle, Rosemary, South Bend, IN, August 1, 2010.
Glapion, Rosaria Floyd (formerly Sister Mary Florence, FSP), August 18, 2015. Telephone.
Glenn, Sister Rose Martin, SSpS, Memphis, TN, November 20, 2009.
Goudeaux, Sister Doris, SSF, New Orleans, August 18, 2009.
Graves, Megan, August 11, 2015. Telephone.
Greenfield, Earline. New Orleans, June 14, 2014.
Grey, Dr. Patricia (formerly Sister M. Martin de Porres, RSM), Sewickley, PA, August 12, 2007, June 21, 2009, March 22, 2010, and August 25, 2019.
Haley, Sister Patricia, SCN, March 30, 2012. Telephone.
Hamilton, Patricia (former SNDdeN), July 14, 2014, New Orleans.
Harris, Sister Elizabeth, HVM, July 15, 2014. Telephone.
Hawkins, Sister Nellie, RGS, January 4, 2015. Postal mail.
Hemenway, Michele, September 28, 2015. Telephone.
Henegan, Sister Mary Ann, MSBT, October 29, 2016. Telephone.
Holloman, Sister Rosella Marie, SCA, Richfield, OH, June 19, 2014.
Jenkins, Sister Mamie, RSCJ, May 23, 2017. Conducted by Sister Irma Dillard, RSCJ, using author’s interview guide.
Johnson, Barbara Ann (formerly Sister Jacinta Marie, FHM), New York, June 8, 2017.
LaRochester, Sister Barbara Jean, OCD, June 4, 2015. Telephone.
Lowe, Sister Catherine Marie, DC, August 27, 2016. Telephone.
Lucas, Sister Patricia, DHM (formerly Sister Mary Immanuel, FHM), March 22, 2010. Telephone.
Marshall, Sister Charlotte, OSP, Baltimore, February 19, 2010.
Moore, Sister Barbara, CSJ, April 30, 2007. Telephone.
Nash, Diane, November 13, 2015. Telephone.
Pellerin, Sister Melinda, SSJ, August 16, 2016. Telephone.
Phelps, Sister Jamie, op, New Orleans, July 22, 2009.
Proctor, Sister Gwynette, SNDdeN, July 27, 2015. Telephone.
Pruitt, Sister Jannette, OSF, June 2, 2015. Telephone and email.
Quadarella, Carolyn (formerly Sister Louis Mary, SSND), December 29, 2015. Telephone and email.
Ralph, Sister Patricia, SSJ, August 7, 2015. Telephone.
Richards, Sister Loretta Theresa, FHM, New York, NY, December 28, 2009.
Rivera-Williams, Sister Larretta, RSM, August 8, 2016. Telephone and email.
Smith, Sister Demetria, MSOLA, June 13, 2015. Telephone.
Smith, Sister Kathleen, SP, July 8, 2014. Telephone.
Smith, Sister Naomi, OSP, Baltimore, May 5, 2010.
Smithson, Sister Sandra, SSSF, Nashville, TN, June 11, 2015.
Steib, Bishop J. Terry, SVD, Memphis, TN, October 19, 2009.
Taylor, Marie de Porres (formerly SNJM), June 6, 2015. Telephone.
Thibodeaux, Sister Sylvia, SSF, New Orleans, August 19, 2009, August 4, 2016, and October 8, 2016.
Trahan, Sister Nicole, FMI, October 10, 2015. Telephone.
Varner, Cheryl (formerly Sister Ruth, SNDdeN), November 15, 2013. Telephone.
Wheeler, Lois, Southfield, MI, June 25, 2017.
White, Angela (formerly Sister Mary Angela de Porres, SC), Cincinnati, OH, October 23, 2013.
Willingham, Saundra Ann (formerly Sister M. Melanie, SNDdeN), June 29, 2012, telephone, and October 21, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.