Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
This content is only available as PDF.

Works Cited

Adwek
,
George
,
Shen
Boxiong
,
Ndolo
Paul O.
,
Siagi
Zachary O.
,
Chepsaigutt
Chebet
,
Kemunto
Cicilia M.
,
Arowo
Moses
,
Shimmon
John
,
Simiyu
Patrobers
, and
Yabo
Abel C.
.
2020
. “
The Solar Energy Access in Kenya: A Review Focusing on Pay-As-You-Go Solar Home System
.”
Environment, Development and Sustainability
22
(
5
):
3897
938
.
Ahearne
,
Robert
, and
Childs
John
.
2018
. “
‘National Resources’? The Fragmented Citizenship of Gas Extraction in Tanzania
.”
Journal of Eastern African Studies
12
(
4
):
696
715
.
Akrich
,
Madeleine
.
1992
. “
The De-scription of Technical Objects
.” In
Shaping Technology/Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change
, edited by
Bijker
Wiebe
and
W. & John Law
,
205
24
.
MIT Press
.
Amin
,
Samir
.
1978
.
Imperialism and Unequal Development
.
Harvester Press
.
Aminzade
,
Ronald
.
2001
. “
The Politics of Race and Nation: Citizenship and Africanization in Tanganyika
.” In
Political Power and Social Theory
, vol.
14
, edited by
Davis
Diane E.
,
53
90
.
Emerald Group Publishing
.
Aminzade
,
Ronald
.
2003
. “
From Race to Citizenship: The Indigenization Debate in Post-Socialist Tanzania
.”
Studies in Comparative International Development
38
(
1
):
43
92
.
Aminzade
,
Ronald
.
2013
.
Race, Nation, and Citizenship in Postcolonial Africa: The Case of Tanzania
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2012
. “
Municipal Disconnect: On Abject Water and Its Urban Infrastructures
.”
Ethnography
13
(
4
):
487
509
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2015
. “
Accretion
.”
Cultural Anthropology website
,
September
24
. .
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2017
.
Hydraulic City: Water and the Infrastructures of Citizenship in Mumbai
.
Duke University Press
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2020
. “
Consuming Citizenship: Prepaid Meters and the Politics of Technology in Mumbai
.”
City & Society
32
(
1
):
47
70
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
,
Gupta
Akhil
, and
Appel
Hannah
, eds.
2018
.
The Promise of Infrastructure
.
Duke University Press
.
Andreasen
,
Manja Hoppe
, and
Agergaard
Jytte
.
2016
. “
Residential Mobility and Homeownership in Dar es Salaam
.”
Population and Development Review
,
95
110
.
Appel
,
Hannah
.
2019
.
The Licit Life of Capitalism: US Oil in Equatorial Guinea
.
Duke University Press
.
Arendt
,
Hannah
.
2003
.
The Portable Hannah Arendt
.
Penguin
.
Askew
,
Kelly M.
2002
.
Performing the Nation: Swahili Music and Cultural Politics in Tanzania
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Askew
,
Kelly M.
2006
. “
Sung and Unsung: Musical Reflections on Tanzanian Postsocialisms
.”
Africa
76
(
1
):
15
43
.
Azarya
,
Victor
, and
Chazan
Naomi
.
1987
. “
Disengagement from the State in Africa: Reflections on the Experience of Ghana and Guinea
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
29
(
1
):
106
31
.
Azorom, AETS (Application Européenne de Technologies et Service)
.
2011
. “
Loss Reduction Study Tanesco and Zeco: Final Report Executive Summary
.”
Ministry of Finance Millennium Challenge Account Tanzania
. Accessed January 24, 2017. .
Baehr
,
Peter
.
2002
. “
The Iron Cage and the Shell as Hard as Steel: Parsons, Weber, and the Stahlhartes Gehäuse Metaphor in the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
.”
History and Theory
40
(
2
):
153
69
.
Bagachwa
,
Mboya S. D.
, and
Naho
A.
.
1995
. “
Estimating the Second Economy in Tanzania
.”
World Development
23
(
8
):
1387
99
. .
Barkan
,
Joel D.
1994
.
Beyond Capitalism vs. Socialism in Kenya and Tanzania
.
East African Publishers
.
Bayart
,
Jean-Francois
.
1993
.
The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly
.
Longmans
.
Bayart
,
Jean-Francois
,
Ellis
Stephen
, and
Hibou
Beatrice
.
2001
.
The Criminalization of the State in Africa
.
Currey
.
Bayliss
,
Kate
.
2002
. “
Privatization and Poverty: The Distributional Impact of Utility Privatization
.”
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics
73
(
4
):
603
25
.
Bayliss
,
Kate
, and
Fine
Ben
.
2007
.
Privatization and Alternative Public Sector Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Delivering on Electricity and Water
.
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Bear
,
Laura
, and
Mathur
Nayanika
.
2015
. “
Introduction: Remaking the Public Good: A New Anthropology of Bureaucracy
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
33
(
1
):
18
34
.
Beidelman
,
Thomas O.
1997
. “
The Cool Knife: Imagery of Gender, Sexuality, and Moral Education in Kaguru Initiation Ritual
.”
Smithsonian Institution Press
.
Benjamin
,
Walter
.
2012
.
Illuminations: Essays and Reflections
.
Schocken Books
.
Bennett
,
Jane
.
2005
. “
The Agency of Assemblages and the North American Blackout
.”
Public Culture
17
(
3
):
445
65
.
Berry
,
Sara
.
1989
. “
Social Institutions and Access to Resources
.”
Africa
59
(
1
):
41
55
.
Bertelsen
,
Bjørn Enge
.
2016
. “
Effervescence and Ephemerality: Popular Urban Uprisings in Mozambique
.”
Ethnos
81
(
1
):
25
52
.
Bohannan
,
Paul
.
1955
. “
Some Principles of Exchange and Investment among the Tiv
.”
American Anthropologist
57
(
1
):
60
70
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
1977
.
Outline of a Theory of Practice
. Translated by
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
.
2014
. “
Energopower: An Introduction
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
87
(
2
):
309
33
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
.
2015
. “
Anthropology Electric
.”
Cultural Anthropology
30
(
4
):
531
39
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
.
2019
.
Energopolitics: Wind and Power in the Anthropocene
.
Duke University Press
.
Branch
,
Adam
, and
Mampilly
Zachariah
.
2015
.
Africa Uprising: Popular Protest and Political Change
.
Zed Books
.
Brankamp
,
Hanno
.
2015
. “
#WhatWouldMagufuliDo Sparks New Bout of Tanzaphilia
.”
African Arguments
,
November
30
. .
Braudel
,
Ferdinand
.
1992
.
Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century. Vol. 2, The Wheels of Commerce
.
University of California Press
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2006a
. “
Blood Enemies: Exploitation and Urban Citizenship in the Nationalist Political Thought of Tanzania, 1958–75
.”
The Journal of African History
47
(
3
):
389
413
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2006a
. “
Youth, the Tanu Youth League and Managed Vigilantism in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 1925–73
.”
Africa
76
(
2
):
221
46
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2008
. “
Destroying Mumiani: Cause, Context, and Violence in Late Colonial Dar es Salaam
.”
Journal of Eastern African Studies
2
(
1
):
95
111
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2012
.
Taifa: Making Nation and Race in Urban Tanzania
.
Ohio University Press
.
Briggs
,
John
, and
Mwamfupe
Davis
.
1999
. “
The Changing Nature of the Peri-Urban Zone in Africa: Evidence from Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania
.”
The Scottish Geographical Magazine
115
(
4
):
269
82
.
Brownell
,
Emily
.
2014
. “
Seeing Dirt in Dar Es Salaam: Sanitation, Waste and Citizenship in the Post-Colonial City
.” In
The Art of Citizenship in African Cities: Infrastructures and Spaces of Belonging
, edited by
Diouf
Momadou
and
Fredericks
Rosalind
,
209
29
.
Palgrave MacMillan
.
Brownell
,
Emily
.
2020
.
Gone to Ground: A History of Environment and Infrastructure in Dar es Salaam
.
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Buck-Morss
,
Susan
.
1991
.
The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project
.
MIT Press
.
Bunge la Tanzania
.
2007
. “
Taarifa ya Kamati Teule Iliyoundwa na Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muunagano wa Tanzania Tarehe 13 Novemba, 2007, Kuchunguza Mchakato wa Zabuni ya Uzalishaji Umeme was Dharura Ulioipa Ushindi Richmond Development Company LLC ya Houston Texas, Marekani, Mwaka 2006
.”
Parliamentary report
.
Bürge
,
Michael
.
2011
. “
Riding the Narrow Tracks of Moral Life: Commercial Motorbike Riders in Makeni, Sierra Leone
.”
Africa Today
58
(
2
):
58
95
.
Burton
,
Andrew
.
2007
. “
The Haven of Peace Purged: Tackling the Undesirable and Unproductive Poor in Dar es Salaam, ca. 1950s–1980s
.”
The International Journal of African Historical Studies
40
(
1
):
119
51
.
Callaci
,
Emily
.
2011
. “
Dancehall Politics: Mobility, Sexuality and the Spectacles of Racial Respectability in Late Colonial Tanganyika, 1930s–1961
.”
The Journal of African History
52
(
3
):
365
84
.
Callaci
,
Emily
.
2017
.
Street Archives and City Life: Popular Intellectuals in Postcolonial Tanzania
.
Duke University Press
.
Carse
,
Ashley
.
2014
.
Beyond the Big Ditch: Politics, Ecology, and Infrastructure at the Panama Canal
.
MIT Press
.
Carse
,
Ashley
.
2016
. “
Keyword: Infrastructure: How a Humble French Engineering Term Shaped the Modern World
.” In
Infrastructures and Social Complexity
, edited by
Harvey
Penny
,
Jensen
Casper Bruun
, and
Morita
Atsuro
,
45
57
.
Routledge
.
Carse
,
Ashley
.
2019
. “
The Feel of 13, 000 Containers: How Pi lots Learn to Navigate Changing Logistical Environments
.”
Ethnos
. .
Cavell
,
Stanley
.
1969
.
Must We Mean What We Say
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2010
.
Neoliberal Frontiers: An Ethnography of Sovereignty in West Africa
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2014
. “
Public Things, Excremental Politics, and the Infrastructure of Bare Life in Ghana’s City of Tema
.”
American Ethnologist
41
(
1
):
92
109
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2017
. “
‘Wastelandia’: Infrastructure and the Commonwealth of Waste in Urban Ghana
.”
Ethnos
82
(
4
):
648
71
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2020
. “
Experiments in Excreta to Energy: Sustainability Science and Bio-Necro Collaboration in Urban Ghana
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
38
(
2
):
88
104
.
Chari
,
Sharad
, and
Verdery
Katherine
.
2009
. “
Thinking between the Posts: Post-colonialism, Postsocialism, and Ethnography after the Cold War
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
51
(
1
):
6
34
.
Chatterjee
,
Elizabeth
.
2020
. “
The Asian Anthropocene: Electricity and Fossil Developmentalism
.”
The Journal of Asian Studies
79
(
1
):
3
24
.
Chipole Convent
.
2021
. “
Tulila Hydroelectric Power Station
.” Accessed November 14. .
Cohen
,
Adrienne
.
2021
.
Infinite Repertoire: On Dance and Urban Possibility in Postsocialist Guinea
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Coleman
,
Leo
.
2017
.
A Moral Technology: Electrification as Political Ritual in New Delhi
.
Cornell University Press
.
Collier
,
Stephen J.
2011
.
Post-Soviet Social: Neoliberalism, Social Modernity, Biopolitics
.
Princeton University Press
.
Collier
,
Stephen J.
, and
Lakoff
Andrew
.
2015
. “
Vital Systems Security: Reflexive Biopolitics and the Government of Emergency
.”
Theory, Culture & Society
32
(
2
):
19
51
.
Connolly
,
William E.
2013
.
The Fragility of Things: Self-Organizing Processes, Neoliberal Fantasies, and Demo cratic Activism
.
Duke University Press
.
Cooksey
,
Brian
.
2002
. “
The Power and the Vainglory, Anatomy of a $100 Million Malaysian IPP
.” In
Ugly Malaysians? South-South Investments Abused
, edited by
Jomo
K. S.
,
47
76
.
Institute for Black Research
.
Cooksey
,
Brian
, and
Kelsall
Tim
.
2011
. “
The Political Economy of the Investment Climate in Tanzania
.”
Africa Power and Politics Programme
.
Cross
,
Jamie
, and
Murray
Declan
.
2018
. “
The Afterlives of Solar Power: Waste and Repair off the Grid in Kenya
.”
Energy Research & Social Science
44
:
100
109
.
Curinga
,
Matthew X.
2016
. “
The MOOC and the Multitude
.”
Educational Theory
66
(
3
):
369
87
.
Daniel
,
John
,
Naidoo
Varusha
, and
Naidu
Sanusha
.
2003
. “
The South Africans Have Arrived: Post-Apartheid Corporate Expansion into Africa
.” In
State of the Nation: South Africa 2003–2004
, edited by
Daniel
John
,
Adam
Habib
, and
Southall
Roger
,
368
90
.
HSRC Press
.
Das
,
Veena
.
1998
. “
Wittgenstein and Anthropology
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
27
(
1
):
171
95
.
Das
,
Veena
.
2014
. “
Action, Expression, and Everyday Life: Recounting Household Events
.” In
The Ground Between: Anthropologists Engage Philosophy
, edited by
Das
Veena
,
Jackson
Michael D.
,
Arthur
Kleinman
, and
Singh
Bhrigupati
,
279
306
.
Duke University Press
.
Das
,
Veena
.
2015
. “
What Does Ordinary Ethics Look Like?
” In
Four Lectures on Ethics: Anthropological Perspectives
,
53
126
.
Hau Books
.
Das
,
Veena
.
n.d
. “
Concepts Criss-Crossing
.”
Unpublished
. Accessed April 25, 2021. .
Das
,
Veena
,
Jackson
Michael D.
,
Kleinman
Arthur
, and
Singh
Bhrigupati
.
2014
. “
Introduction: Experiments between Anthropology and Philosophy; Affinities and Antagonisms
.” In
The Ground Between: Anthropologists Engage Philosophy
, edited by
Das
Veena
,
Jackson
Michael D.
,
Arthur
Kleinman
, and
Singh
Bhrigupati
,
1
26
.
Duke University Press
.
Dean
,
Erin
.
2020
. “
Uneasy Entanglements: Solar Energy Development in Zanzibar
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
38
(
2
):
53
70
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
.
1998
. “
Domesticating Diamonds and Dollars: Identity, Expenditure and Sharing in Southwestern Zaire (1984–1997)
.”
Development and Change
29
(
4
):
777
810
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
.
2005
. “
The Apocalyptic Interlude: Revealing Death in Kinshasa
.”
African Studies Review
48
(
2
):
11
32
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
, and
Baloji
Sammy
.
2016
.
Suturing the City: Living Together in Congo’s Urban Worlds
.
Autograph ABP
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
, and
Plissart
Marie Francois
.
2004
.
Kinshasa: Tales of the Invisible City
.
Ludion/Royal Museum for Central Africa
.
Degani
,
Michael
.
2017
. “
La Véranda, le Climatiseur et la Centrale Électrique: Race et Électricité Tanzanie Postsocialiste
.”
Afrique Contemporaine
261–62
(
1
):
103
18
.
Degani
,
Michael
.
2018
. “
Shock Humor: Zaniness and the Freedom of Permanent Improvisation in Urban Tanzania
.”
Cultural Anthropology
33
(
3
):
473
98
.
Degani
,
Michael
.
2021
. “
Cutting without Cutting Connection: The Semiotics of Power Patrols in Urban Tanzania
.”
Signs and Society
9
(
2
):
176
203
.
Degani
,
Michael
,
Brenda
Chalfin
, and
Jamie
Cross
.
2020
. “
Introduction: Fuelling Capture: Africa’s Energy Frontiers
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
38
(
2
):
1
18
.
De Laet
,
Marianne
, and
Mol
Annemarie
.
2000
. “
The Zimbabwe Bush Pump: Mechanics of a Fluid Technology
.”
Social Studies of Science
30
(
2
):
225
63
.
DeLanda
,
Manuel
.
2016
.
Assemblage Theory
.
Edinburgh University Press
.
Delehanty
,
Sean
.
2020
. “
From Modernization to Villagization: The World Bank and Ujamaa
.”
Diplomatic History
44
(
2
):
289
314
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Félix
.
1987
.
A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophre nia
. Translated by
Massumi
Brian
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Doherty
,
Jacob
.
2017
. “
Life (and Limb) in the Fast-Lane: Disposable People as Infrastructure in Kampala’s Boda Industry
.”
Critical African Studies
9
(
2
):
192
209
.
Dua
,
Jatin
.
2019
.
Captured at Sea: Piracy and Protection in the Indian Ocean
.
University of California Press
.
Dunn
,
Elizabeth C.
2005
. “
Standards and Person-Making in East Central Europe
.” In
Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems
, edited by
Ong
Aiwha
and
Collier
Stephen J.
,
173
93
.
Wiley
.
Durkheim
,
Emile
.
(1914) 2005
. “
The Dualism of Human Nature and its Social Conditions
.”
Durkheimian Studies
11
(
1
):
35
45
.
Dye
,
Barnaby
, and
Hartmann
Joerg
.
2017
. “
True Cost of Power: The Facts and Risks of Building Stiegler’s Gorge Hydropower Dam in Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania
.”
World Wildlife Federation International
.
Dzansi
,
James
,
Steven L.
Puller
,
Brittany
Street
, and
Belinda
Yebuah-Dwamena
.
2018
.
The Vicious Circle of Blackouts and Revenue Collection in Developing Economies: Evidence from Ghana
.
International Growth Centre Working Paper E-89457-GHA-1
.
Eberhard
,
Anton
, and
Gratwick
Katharine
.
2011
. “
When the Power Comes: An Analysis of IPPS in Africa
.”
Infrastructure Consortium on Africa
.
Eberhard
,
Anton
,
Gratwick
Katharine
, and
Kariuki
Laban
.
2018
. “
A Review of Private Investment in Tanzania’s Power Generation Sector
.”
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
29
(
2
):
1
11
.
Edwards
,
Paul N.
2003
. “
Infrastructure and Modernity: Force, Time, and Social Organization in the History of Sociotechnical Systems
.” In
Modernity and Technology
, edited by
Feenberg
Andrew
,
Philip
Brey
, and
Misa
Thomas J.
,
185
225
.
MIT Press
.
Eglash
,
Ron
, and
Foster
Ellen K.
.
2017
. “
On the Politics of Generative Justice: African Traditions and Maker Communities
.” In
What Do Science, Technology, and Innovation Mean from Africa?
, edited by
Mavhunga
Clapperton Chakanetsa
,
117
36
.
MIT Press
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
.
1999
.
The Mask of Anarchy: The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of an African Civil War
.
Hurst
.
Elyachar
,
J.
2010
. “
Phatic Labor, Infrastructure, and the Question of Empowerment in Cairo
.”
American Ethnologist
37
(
3
):
452
64
.
Esposito
,
Roberto
, and
Hanafi
Zakiya
.
2013
. “
Community, Immunity, Biopolitics
.”
Angelaki
18
(
3
):
83
90
.
Evans-Pritchard
,
E. E.
1937
.
Witchcraft, Magic, and Oracles among the Azande
.
Clarendon
.
Evans-Pritchard
,
E. E.
(1940) 2011
.
The Nuer: A Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People
.
Nabu Press
.
Feierman
,
Steven M.
1990
.
Peasant Intellectuals: Anthropology and History in Tanzania
.
University of Wisconsin Press
.
Fennell
,
Catherine
.
2015
.
Last Project Standing: Civics and Sympathy in Post-Welfare Chicago
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
1985
. “
The Bovine Mystique: Power, Property and Livestock in Rural Lesotho
.”
Man
20
(
4
):
647
74
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
1994
.
The Anti-Politics Machine: Development”, Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
1999
.
Expectations of Modernity: Myths and Meanings of Urban Life on the Zambian Copperbelt
.
University of California Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2005a
. “
Decomposing Modernity: History and Hierarchy after Development
.”
Postcolonial Studies and Beyond
,
166
81
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2005b
. “
Seeing Like an Oil Company: Space, Security, and Global Capital in Neoliberal Africa
.”
American Anthropologist
107
(
3
):
377
82
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2006
.
Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order
.
Duke University Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2013
. “
Declarations of Dependence: Labour, Personhood, and Welfare in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
19
(
2
):
223
42
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2015
.
Give a Man a Fish: Reflections on the New Politics of Distribution
.
Duke University Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2021
Presence and Social Obligation: An Essay on the Share
.
Chicago: Prickly Paradigm
.
Fioratta
,
Susanna
.
2015
. “
Beyond Remittance: Evading Uselessness and Seeking Personhood in Fouta Djallon, Guinea
.”
American Ethnologist
42
(
2
):
295
308
.
Fortes
,
Meyer
.
1959
.
Oedipus and Job in West African Religion
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Fouéré
,
Marie-Aude
.
2014
. “
Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa, and Political Morality in Contemporary Tanzania
.”
African Studies Review
57
(
1
):
1
24
.
Fukuyama
,
Francis
.
1989
. “
The End of History?
National Interest
, no.
16
:
3
18
.
Galloway
,
Alexander R.
2013
. “
Love of the Middle
.” In
Excommunication: Three Inquiries in Media and Mediation
, edited by
Thacker
Eugene
,
Wark
McKenzie
, and
Galloway
Alexander R.
,
25
76
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Gastrow
,
Claudia
.
2017
. “
Cement Citizens: Housing, Demolition and Political Belonging in Luanda, Angola
.”
Citizenship Studies
21
(
2
):
224
39
.
Geertz
,
Clifford
.
1980
.
Negara: The Theatre State in 19th Century Bali
.
Princeton University Press
.
Generating Power and Cash
.”
2011
.
Africa Confidential
52
(
12
):
9
.
Gershon
,
Ilana
.
2010
. “
Breaking Up Is Hard to Do: Media Switching and Media Ideologies
.”
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology
20
(
2
):
389
405
.
Ghanadan
,
Rebecca
.
2008
. “
Public Service or Commodity Goods? Electricity Reforms, Access and the Politics of Development in Tanzania
.”
PhD dissertation
,
University of California–Berkeley
.
Ghanadan
,
Rebecca
.
2009
. “
Connected Geographies and Struggles over Access: Electricity Commercialization in Tanzania
.” In
Electric Capitalism: Recolonizing Africa on the Power Grid
, edited by
McDonald
David A.
,
400
436
.
Kapstadt
.
Ghanadan
,
Rebecca
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2007
. “
Electrical Utility Management Contracts in Africa: Lessons and Experience from the TANESCO-NETGroup Solutions Management Contract in Tanzania, 2002–2006
.”
MIR Working Paper
.
Glassman
,
Jonathan
.
1991
. “
The Bondsman’s New Clothes: The Contradictory Consciousness of Slave Resistance on the Swahili Coast
.”
The Journal of African History
32
(
2
):
277
312
.
Glassman
,
Jonathan
.
1995
.
Feasts and Riot: Revelry, Rebellion, and Popular Consciousness on the Swahili Coast, 1856–1888
.
Heinemann
.
Gledhill
,
John
.
2018
. “
Neoliberalism
.” In
The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology
, edited by
Callan
H.
. .
Glendinning
,
Victoria
.
2006
.
Electricity
.
Pocket Books
.
Gluckman
,
Max
.
1968
. “
Inter-Hierarchical Roles: Professional and Party Ethics in Tribal Areas in South and Central Africa
.” In
Local Level Politics
, edited by
Swartz
Marc J.
,
69
94
.
Aldine
.
Godhino
,
Catarina
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2018
. “
Power Sector Reform and Regulation in Tanzania
.” In
Tanzania Institutional Diagnostic
, edited by
Bourguignon
François
and
Wangwe
Samuel
,
1
51
.
Economic Development & Institutions
. Accessed April 26, 2022. .
Goody
,
Jack
, ed.
1958
.
The Developmental Cycle in Domestic Groups
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Graeber
,
David
.
2001
.
Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value: The False Coin of our Own Dreams
.
Springer
.
Graham
,
Stephen
, and
Marvin
Simon
.
2001
.
Splintering Urbanism: Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities and the Urban Condition
.
Psychology Press
.
Gratwick
,
Katharine
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2008
. “
Demise of the Standard Model for Power Sector Reform and the Emergence of Hybrid Power Markets
.”
Energy Policy
36
(
10
):
3948
60
.
Gratwick
,
Katharine
,
Ghanadan
Rebecca
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2006
. “
Generating Power and Controversy: Understanding Tanzania’s Independent Power Projects
.”
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
17
(
4
):
39
56
.
Gray
,
Hazel S.
2015
. “
The Political Economy of Grand Corruption in Tanzania
.”
African Affairs
114
(
456
):
382
403
.
Green
,
Maia
.
2010
. “
After Ujamaa? Cultures of Governance and the Representation of Power in Tanzania
.”
Social Analysis
54
(
1
):
15
34
.
Grundy
,
Trevor
.
2017
. “
Frene Ginwala, the Lenin Supplement, and the Storm Drains of History
.”
Politicsweb
,
August
15
. .
Günel
,
Göcke
.
2019
.
Spaceship in the Desert: Energy, Climate Change, and Urban Design in Abu Dhabi
.
Duke University Press
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1993a
. “
Toiling Ingenuity: Food Regulation in Britain and Nigeria
.”
American Ethnologist
20
(
4
):
797
817
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1993b
. “
Wealth in People and Self-Realization in Equatorial Africa
.”
Man
28
(
2
):
243
65
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1997
. “
Endowments and Assets: The Anthropology of Wealth and the Economics of Intra house hold Allocation
.” In
Intra house hold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Methods, Models, and Policy
, edited by
Haddad
Lawrence
,
John
Hoddinott
, and
Alderman
Harold
,
112
28
.
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
2004
.
Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic Africa
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
2007
. “
Prophecy and the Near Future: Thoughts on Macroeconomic, Evangelical, and Punctuated Time
.”
American Ethnologist
34
(
3
):
409
21
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
2010
. “
The Eruption of Tradition?
Anthropological Theory
10
(
1–2
):
123
31
.
Guyer
,
Jane
, and
Belinga
Samuel M. Eno
.
1995
. “
Wealth in People as Wealth in Knowledge: Accumulation and Composition in Equatorial Africa
.”
Journal of African History
36
(
1
):
91
120
.
Hage
,
Ghassan
.
2013
. “
Eavesdropping on Bourdieu’s Philosophers
.”
Thesis Eleven
114
(
1
):
76
93
.
Han
,
Clara
.
2012
.
Life in Debt: Times of Care and Violence in Neoliberal Chile
.
University of California Press
.
Harbach
,
Chad
.
2008
. “
The End
.”
N+1
, Winter. .
Harman
,
Graham
.
2010
.
Prince of Networks: Bruno Latour and Metaphysics
.
Repress
.
Harms
,
Erik
.
2011
.
Saigon’s Edge: On the Margins of Ho Chi Minh City
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Harris
,
Clive
.
2003
.
Private Participation in Infrastructure in Developing Countries: Trends, Impacts, and Policy Lessons
.
World Bank
.
Harrison
,
Faye
,
Carole
McGranahan
,
Kaifa
Roland
, and
Bianca C.
Williams
.
2016
. “
Decolonizing Anthropology: A Conversation with Faye Harrison Part I
.”
Anthrodendum
(blog),
May
2
. .
Hart
,
Keith
.
1973
. “
Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana
.”
The Journal of Modern African Studies
11
(
1
):
61
89
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
1982
.
The Political Economy of West African Agriculture
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
1986
. “
Heads or Tails? Two Sides of the Coin
.”
Man
21
(
4
):
637
56
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
2000
. “
Kinship, Contract, and Trust: The Economic Organization of Migrants in an African City Slum
.” In
Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations
, edited by
Gambetta
Diego
,
176
93
.
Blackwell
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
2004
. “
From Bell Curve to Power Law: Distributional Models between National and World Society
.”
Social Analysis
48
(
3
):
220
24
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
2005
. “
Notes towards an Anthropology of Money
.”
Kritikos
2
. Accessed April 26, 2022. .
Hart
,
Keith
.
2006
. “
Bureaucratic Form and the Informal Economy
.” In
Linking the Formal and Informal Economies: Examples from Developing Countries
, edited by
Guha-Khasnobis
Basudeb
,
Ravi
Kanbur
, and
Ostrom
Elinor
,
21
35
.
Oxford University Press
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2007
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford University Press
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2012
.
Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution
.
Verso
.
Hasenöhrl
,
Ute
.
2018
. “
Rural Electrification in the British Empire
.”
History of Retailing and Consumption
4
(
1
):
10
27
.
Hay
,
Winston
.
1998
. “
Tanzania: Power Loss Reduction Study. Volume 2: Transmission and Distribution System Reduction of Non-Technical Losses
.”
UNDP/World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Program Report 204B/98
.
Heidenreich
,
Elisabeth
.
2009
. “
Spaces of Flow as Technical and Cultural Mediators between Society and Nature
.”
Environment, Development & Sustainability
11
(
6
):
1145
54
.
Heilman
,
Bruce
.
1998
. “
Who Are the Indigenous Tanzanians? Competing Conceptions of Tanzanian Citizenship in the Business Community
.”
Africa Today
45
(
3–4
):
369
87
.
Hénaff
,
Marcel
.
2013
. “
Living with Others: Reciprocity and Alterity in Lévi-Strauss
.”
Yale French Studies
, no.
123
:
63
82
.
Herzfeld
,
Michael
.
2005
.
Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics of the Nation-State
.
Routledge
.
Hickel
,
Jason
.
2014
. “
Xenophobia in South Africa: Order, Chaos, and the Moral Economy of Witchcraft
.”
Cultural Anthropology
29
(
1
):
103
27
.
High
,
Mette M.
, and
Smith
Jessica M.
.
2019
. “
Introduction: The Ethical Constitution of Energy Dilemmas
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
25
(
1
):
9
28
.
Hilgers
,
Mathieu
.
2011
. “
The Three Anthropological Approaches to Neoliberalism
.”
International Social Science Journal
61
(
202
):
351
64
.
Hilgers
,
Mathieu
.
2012
. “
The Historicity of the Neoliberal State
.”
Social Anthropology
20
(
1
):
80
94
.
Hillewaert
,
Sarah
.
2016
. “
‘Whoever Leaves Their Traditions Is a Slave’: Contemporary Notions of Servitude in an East African Town
.”
Africa
86
(
3
):
425
46
.
Hirschman
,
Albert O.
1970
.
Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organ izations, and States
.
Harvard University Press
.
Hischler
,
Kurt
, and
Hofmeier
Rolf
.
2009
. “
Tanzania
.” In
Africa Yearbook, vol. 5, Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2008
, edited by
Mehler
Andreas
,
Henning
Melber
, and
Walraven
Klaas Van
,
375
86
.
Brill
.
Ho
,
Karen
.
2009
.
Liquidated: An Ethnography of Wall Street
.
Duke University Press
.
Hoag
,
Heather J.
, and
Öhman
May-Britt B.
.
2008
. “
Turning Water into Power: Debates over the Development of Tanzania’s Rufiji River Basin, 1945–1985
.”
Technology and Culture
49
(
3
):
624
51
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
1969
.
Bandits
.
Weidenfeld & Nicolson
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
1984
. “
Artisan or Labour Aristocrat?
The Economic History Review
37
(
3
):
355
72
.
Hoffman
,
Danny
.
2011
.
The War Machines: Young Men and Violence in Sierra Leone and Liberia
.
Duke University Press
.
Holterman
,
Devin
.
2014
. “
Slow Violence, Extraction and Human Rights Defense in Tanzania: Notes from the Field
.”
Resources Policy
40
:
59
65
.
Hojer
,
Lars
, and
Pedersen
Morten Axel
.
2019
.
Urban Hunters: Dealing and Dreaming in Times of Transition
.
Yale University Press
.
Howe
,
Cymene
.
2019
.
Ecologics: Wind and Power in the Anthropocene
.
Duke University Press
.
Howes
,
David
.
2016
. “
The Extended Sensorium: Introduction to the Sensory and Social Thought of François Laplantine
.”
Series editor’s preface to The Life of the Senses: Introduction to a Modal Anthropology, by François Laplantine
,
vii
xiv
.
Bloomsbury
.
Huber
,
Matthew T.
2013
.
Lifeblood: Oil, Freedom, and the Forces of Capital
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Hughes
,
David McDermott
.
2017
.
Energy without Conscience: Oil, Climate Change, and Complicity
.
Duke University Press
.
Hughes
,
Thomas P.
1987
. “
The Evolution of Large Technological Systems
.” In
The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology
, edited by
Hughes
Thomas Parke
,
Pinch
Trevor J.
,
Bijker
Wiebe E.
,
51
82
.
MIT Press
.
Hunter
,
Emma
.
2015
. “
Julius Nyerere, the Arusha Declaration, and the Deep Roots of a Contemporary Political Metaphor
.” In
Remembering Nyerere in Tanzania: History, Memory, Legacy
, edited by
Fouére
Marie-Aude
,
73
96
.
Mkuki na Nyota
.
Hunter
,
Emma
.
2017
.
Political Thought and the Public Sphere in Tanzania: Freedom, Democracy and Citizenship in the Era of Decolonization
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Hunter
,
Mark
.
2010
.
Love in the Time of aids In equality, Gender, and Rights in South Africa
.
Indiana University Press
.
Huntington
,
Samuel P.
1993
.
The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century
.
University of Oklahoma Press
.
Imami
,
Drini
,
Endrit
Lami
,
Edvin
Zhllima
,
Muje
Gjonbalaj
, and
Geoffrey
Pugh
.
2020
. “
Closer to Election, More Light: Electricity Supply and Elections in a Postconflict Transition Economy
.”
Post-Communist Economies
32
(
3
):
376
90
.
Ingold
,
Tim
.
2015
.
The Life of Lines
.
Routledge
.
Institute for Precarious Consciousness
.
2014
. “
Anxiety, Affective Struggle, and Precarity Consciousness-Raising
.”
Interface: A Journal for and about Social Movements
2
(
6
):
271
300
.
International Law and Policy Institute
.
2014
. “
Political Economy Analysis of the Energy Sector in Tanzania
.”
International Law and Policy Institute
.
Isaacman
,
Allen
.
2005
. “
Displaced People, Displaced Energy, and Displaced Memories: The Case of Cahora Bassa, 1970–2004
.”
The International Journal of African Historical Studies
38
(
2
):
201
38
.
Ivaska
,
Andrew
.
2011
.
Cultured States: Youth, Gender, and Modern Style in 1960s Dar es Salaam
.
Duke University Press
.
Jackson
,
Michael
, and
Karp
Ivan
, eds.
1990
.
Personhood and Agency
.
Uppsala University Press
.
Jackson
,
Steven J.
2014
. “
Rethinking Repair
.” In
Media Technologies
, edited by
Gillespie
Tarleton
,
Boczkowski
Pablo J.
, and
Foot
Kirsten A.
,
221
40
.
MIT Press
.
Jackson
,
Steven J.
,
Pompe
Alex
, and
Krieshok
Gabriel
.
2012
. “
Repair Worlds: Maintenance, Repair, and ICT for Development in Rural Namibia
.” In
Proceedings of the ACM 2012 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work
,
107
16
.
ACT
.
Jacome
,
Veronica
, and
Ray
Isha
.
2018
. “
The Prepaid Electric Meter: Rights, Relationships and Reification in Unguja, Tanzania
.”
World Development
105
:
262
72
.
Jakobson
,
Roman
.
1960
. “
Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics
.” In
Style in Language
, edited by
Sebeok
Thomas A.
,
350
377
.
MIT Press
.
Jennings
,
Michael
.
2002
. “
‘Almost an Oxfam in Itself’: Oxfam, Ujamaa and Development in Tanzania
.”
African Affairs
101
(
405
):
509
30
.
Jensen
,
Casper Bruun
, and
Morita
Atsuro
.
2017
. “
Introduction: Infrastructures as Ontological Experiments
.”
Ethnos
82
(
4
):
615
26
.
John
,
Samwel
,
Gordon
McGranahan
,
Mwanakombo
Mkanga
,
Tim
Ndezi
,
Stella
Stephen
, and
Cecilia
Tacoli
.
2020
. “
The Churn of the Land Nexus and Contrasting Gentrification Processes in Dar Es Salaam and Mwanza, Tanzania
.”
Environment and Urbanization
32
(
2
):
429
46
.
Johnson
,
Andrew Alan
.
2013
. “
Progress and its Ruins: Ghosts, Migrants, and the Uncanny in Thailand
.”
Cultural Anthropology
28
(
2
):
299
319
.
Kabwe
,
Zitto
.
2014
. “
How pap Acquired IPTL for Almost Nothing and Looted US$124m from the BoT
.”
TransparentTanzania
(blog),
August
24
. .
Kaika
,
Maria
, and
Swyngedouw
Erik
.
2000
. “
Fetishizing the Modern City: The Phantasmagoria of Urban Technological Networks
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
24
(
1
):
120
38
.
Kapferer
,
Bruce
.
2005
. “
New Formations of Power, the Oligarchic-Corporate State, and Anthropological Ideological Discourse
.”
Anthropological Theory
5
(
3
):
285
99
.
Karp
,
Ivan
.
2002
. “
Development and Personhood
.” In
Critically Modern Alternatives, Alterities, Anthropologies
, edited by
Knauft
Bruce M.
,
62
104
.
Indiana University Press
.
Kasoga
,
Lenny B.
1998
. “
Privatization and Government Regulation of Public Utilities: Just and Reasonable Return—The Case of tanesco
.”
African Journal of Finance and Management
7
(
1
):
33
38
.
Kelsall
,
Tim
.
2002
. “
Shop Windows and Smoke-Filled Rooms: Governance and the Re-Politicisation of Tanzania
.”
The Journal of Modern African Studies
40
(
4
):
597
619
.
Kerner
,
Donna O.
2019
. “
‘Hard Work’ and Informal Sector Trade in Tanzania
.” In
Traders Versus the State
, edited by
Clark
Gracia
,
41
56
.
Routledge
.
Khan
,
Mushtaq H.
2018
. “
Political Settlements and the Analysis of Institutions
.”
African Affairs
117
(
469
):
636
55
.
Khan
,
Naveeda
.
2006
. “
Flaws in the Flow: Roads and Their Modernity in Pakistan
.”
Social Text
24
(
4
):
87
113
.
Khan
,
Naveeda
.
2019
. “
At Play with the Giants: Between the Patchy Anthropocene and Romantic Geology
.”
Current Anthropology
60
(
s20
):
s333
41
.
Kiangi
,
Ludia Stanley
.
2015
. “
Assessing Customer Satisfaction on Electricity Conventional Billing System in Tanzania: The Case of Tanesco Ilala Region
.”
PhD dissertation
,
Open University of Tanzania
.
Klein
,
Naomi
.
2007
.
The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism
.
Macmillan
.
Kockelman
,
Paul
.
2016
. “
Grading, Gradients, Degradation, Grace Part 2: Phenomenology, Materiality, and Cosmology
.”
HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory
6
(
3
):
337
65
.
Kockelman
,
Paul
.
2017
.
The Art of Interpretation in the Age of Computation
.
Oxford University Press
.
Kohn
,
Eduardo
.
2013
.
How Forests Think: Toward an Anthropology Beyond the Human
.
University of California Press
.
Kombe
,
Wilbard Jackson
.
2005
. “
Land Use Dynamics in Peri-Urban Areas and Their Implications on the Urban Growth and Form: The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
.”
Habitat International
29
(
1
):
113
35
.
Kopytoff
,
Igor
.
1986
. “
The Cultural Biography of Things: Commoditization as Process
.” In
The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
64
94
.
Oxford University Press
.
Kornai
,
János
.
1986
. “
The Soft Budget Constraint
.”
Kyklos
39
(
1
):
3
30
.
Kuper
,
Adam
.
1970
. “
Gluckman’s Village Headman
.”
American Anthropologist
72
(
2
):
355
58
.
Kusimba
,
Sibel
.
2020
. “
Embodied Value: Wealth-in-People
.”
Economic Anthropology
7
(
2
):
166
75
.
Kyando
,
Moses
,
Ikanda
Dennis
, and
Røskaft
Eivin
.
2017
. “
Hotspot Elephant-Poaching Areas in the Eastern Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania
.”
African Journal of Ecology
55
(
3
):
365
71
.
Lacan
,
Jacques
.
(1966) 2007
.
Écrits: The First Complete Edition in English
. Translated by
Fink
Bruce
.
Norton
.
Lal
,
Priya
.
2015
.
African Socialism in Postcolonial Tanzania: Between the Village and the World
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Langwick
,
Stacey A.
2007
. “
Devils, Parasites, and Fierce Needles: Healing and the Politics of Translation in Southern Tanzania
.”
Science, Technology & Human Values
32
(
1
):
88
117
.
Laplantine
,
François
.
2016
.
The Life of the Senses: Introduction to a Modal Anthropology
.
Bloomsbury
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
2008
.
Signal and Noise Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria
.
Duke University Press
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
2013
. “
The Politics and Poetics of Infrastructure
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
42
(
1
):
327
43
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
2018
. “
Promising Forms: The Political Aesthetics of Infrastructure
.” In
The Promise of Infrastructure
, edited by
Anand
Nikhil
,
Akhil
Gupta
, and
Appel
Hannah
,
175
202
.
Duke University Press
.
Latour
,
Bruno
.
1987
. “
The Enlightenment without the Critique: A Word on Michel Serres’ Philosophy
.”
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements
21
:
83
97
.
Latour
,
Bruno
.
2005
.
Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory
.
Oxford University Press
.
Latour
,
Bruno
.
2012
. “
The Modes of Existence Project: An Exercise in Collective Inquiry and Digital Humanities
.” Lecture at University of Cambridge, November 6. Accessed August 29, 2021. .
Corbusier
Le
.
(1923) 2013
.
Towards a New Architecture
.
Dover Publications
.
Lemon
,
Alaina
.
2018
.
Technologies for Intuition: Cold War Circles and Telepathic Rays
.
University of California Press
.
Lennart
,
Larsson
,
Davy
Thomas
,
Mikael
Jönsson
, and
Hagström
Lars
.
2014
. “
Joint Energy Sector Review 2012/2013
.”
Tanzania Ministry of Energy and Minerals/Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
.
Lévi-Strauss
,
Claude
.
1966
.
The Savage Mind
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Lévi-Strauss
,
Claude
.
1969
.
The Elementary Structures of Kinship
.
Beacon Press
.
Lewinson
,
Anne
.
2003
. “
Imagining the Metropolis, Globalizing the Nation: Dar Es Salaam and National Culture in Tanzanian Cartoons
.”
City & Society
15
(
1
):
9
30
.
Lewinson
,
Anne
.
2006a
. “
Domestic Realms, Social Bonds, and Class: Ideologies and Indigenizing Modernity in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines
40
(
3
):
462
95
.
Lewinson
,
Anne
.
2006b
. “
Love in the City: Navigating Multiple Relationships in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
.”
City & Society
18
(
1
):
90
115
.
Littlechild
,
Stephen
, and
Lynne
Kiesling
.
2021
. “
Hayek and the Texas Blackout
.”
The Electricity Journal
34
(
6
):
1
9
. .
Lofchie
,
Michael F.
2014
.
The Political Economy of Tanzania
.
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Lombard
,
Louisa
.
2013
. “
Navigational Tools for Central African Roadblocks
.”
PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review
36
(
1
):
157
73
.
Lombard
,
Louisa
.
2016
. “
Threat Economies and Armed Conservation in Northeastern Central African Republic
.”
Geoforum
69
:
218
26
.
Lukumai
,
Emmanuel
.
2006
. “
The Implementation of Civil Service Reforms in Tanzania, 1991–2000
.”
Master’s thesis
,
University of Bergen
.
Lyons
,
Kristin
.
2020
.
Vital Decomposition: Soil Practitioners and Life Politics
.
Duke University Press
.
Maddox
,
Gregory
, and
Giblin
James Leonard
, eds.
2005
.
In Search of a Nation: Histories of Authority & Dissidence in Tanzania
.
James Currey Ltd
.
Mains
,
Daniel
.
2019
.
Under Construction: Technologies of Development in Urban Ethiopia
.
Duke University Press
.
Malinowski
,
Bronislaw
.
(1922) 2002
.
Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea
.
Routledge
.
Malinowski
,
Bronislaw
.
(1923) 1972
. “
Phatic Communion
.” In
Communication in Face to Face Interaction
, edited by
Laver
John
and
Hutcheson
Sandy
,
146
52
.
Penguin
.
Mampilly
,
Zachariah
.
2013
. “
Accursed by Man, Not God: The Fight for Tanzania’s Gas Lands
.”
Warscapes
,
August
20
. .
Marcus
,
George E.
1995
. “
Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-Sited Ethnography
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
24
:
95
117
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
(1852) 2008
.
The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
.
Wildside Press
.
Massumi
,
Brian
.
2017
.
The Principle of Unrest: Activist Philosophy in the Expanded Field
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Mathews
,
Gordon
, and
Yang
Yang
.
2012
. “
How Africans Pursue Low-End Globalization in Hong Kong and Mainland China
.”
Journal of Current Chinese Affairs
41
(
2
):
95
120
.
Matiku
,
Emmanuel
,
Mbwambo
Andrew
, and
Kimeme
Joseph
.
2011
. “
Rent-Seeking Behaviour and the Organisation of Utilities
.” In
Theories and Stories in African Public Administration
, edited by
Itika
Josephat
,
de Ridder
Ko
, and
Tollenaa
Albertian
,
189
203
.
Leiden African Studies Centre
.
Maurer
,
Bill
.
2012
. “
Payment: Forms and Functions of Value Transfer in Contemporary Society
.”
Cambridge Anthropology
30
(
2
):
15
35
.
Mauss
,
Marcel
.
(1925) 2016
.
The Gift: Expanded Edition
. Translated by
Guyer
Jane
.
HAU Books
.
Mauss
,
Marcel
.
1973
. “
Techniques of the Body
.”
Economy and Society
2
(
1
):
70
88
.
Mazrui
,
Ali
.
1967
. “
Tanzaphilia
.”
Transition
, no.
31
:
20
26
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.
2017
.
The Mana of Mass Society
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
2001
.
On the Postcolony
.
University of California Press
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
2021
.
Out of the Dark Night: Essays on Decolonization
.
Columbia University Press
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
, and
Nuttall
Sarah
.
2004
. “
Writing the World from an African Metropolis
.”
Public Culture
16
(
3
):
347
72
.
Mbilinyi
,
Tumaini
.
2013
. “
Assessment of Revenue Collections at Government Agencies in Tanzania: The Case of Tanzania Electricity Supply Company Limited (Tanesco)
.”
PhD dissertation
,
Mzumbe University
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
1999
. “
Durkheim and Heidegger: Two Social Ontologies and Some Implications
.”
Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford
29
(
2
):
105
20
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2010
.
Making War in Cote d’Ivoire
.
University of Chicago Press
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2012a
. “
Turning the Clock Back or Breaking with the Past? Charismatic Temporality and Elite Politics in Côte d’Ivoire and the United States
.”
Cultural Anthropology
27
(
2
):
239
60
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2012b
.
Unmasking the State: Making Guinea Modern
.
University of Chicago Press
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2015
. “
Liberty and Moral Ambivalence: Postsocialist Transitions, Refugee Hosting, and Bodily Comportment in the Republic of Guinea
.”
American Ethnologist
42
(
2
):
247
61
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2017
.
A Socialist Peace? Explaining the Absence of War in an African Country
.
University of Chicago Press
.
McKay
,
Ramah
.
2017
.
Medicine in the Meantime: The Work of Care in Mozambique
.
Duke University Press
.
Melly
,
Caroline
.
2017
.
Bottleneck: Moving, Building, and Belonging in an African City
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Mercer
,
Claire
.
2003
. “
Performing Partnership: Civil Society and the Illusions of Good Governance in Tanzania
.”
Political Geography
22
(
7
):
741
63
.
Mercer
,
Claire
.
2020
. “
Boundary Work: Becoming Middle Class in Suburban Dar Es Salaam
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
44
(
3
):
521
36
.
Middleton
,
John
.
1994
.
The World of the Swahili: An African Mercantile Civilization
.
Yale University Press
.
Middleton
,
Townsend
, and
Cons
Jason
.
2014
. “
Coming to Terms: Reinserting Research Assistants into Ethnography’s Past and Pre sent
.”
Ethnography
15
(
3
):
279
90
.
Miers
,
Suzanne
, and
Kopytoff
Igor
, eds.
1979
.
Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives
.
University of Wisconsin Press
.
Min
,
Brian
, and
Golden
Miriam
.
2014
. “
Electoral Cycles in Electricity Losses in India
.”
Energy Policy
65
:
619
25
.
Mitchell
,
Timothy
.
2011
.
Carbon Democracy: Political Power in the Age of Oil
.
Verso
.
Mkobya
,
Juma F.
,
Kashaigili
Oscar
,
Lusajo K.
Mkwakaliku
,
Mbayani Y.
Saruni
,
Omary H.
Juma
,
Rustis S.
Bernard
,
John I.
Kabadi
et al
.
2013
. “
Executive Summary of the Power System Master Plan 2012 Update
.”
The United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Energy and Minerals
.
Molony
,
Tom
.
2014
.
Nyerere: The Early Years
.
Boydell & Brewer Ltd
.
Munn
,
Nancy D.
(1976) 1992
.
The Fame of Gawa: A Symbolic Study of Value Transformation in a Massim (Papua New Guinea) Society
.
Duke University Press
.
Must
,
Elise
.
2018
. “
Structural In equality, Natural Resources and Mobilization in Southern Tanzania
.”
African Affairs
117
(
466
):
83
108
.
Mutahaba
,
Gelase
.
2005
. “
Pay Reform and Corruption in Tanzania’s Public Service
.”
Paper presented at Seminar on Potential for Public Service Pay Reform to Eradicate Corruption among Public Servants in Tanzania
.
Economic and Social Research Foundation, Dar es Salaam
,
May 26
.
Mwakikagile
,
Godfrey
.
2006
.
Tanzania under Mwalimu Nyerere: Reflections on an African Statesman
.
New Africa Press
.
Mwinami
,
Stella
.
2014
. “
An Assessment of the Effect of Workforce Diversity on Employee Per for mance at Tanesco
.”
PhD dissertation
,
Mzumbe University
.
Myhre
,
Knut Christian
.
2017
.
Returning Life: Language, Life Force and History in Kilimanjaro
.
Berghahn Books
.
Nagar
,
Richa
.
1996
. “
The South Asian Diaspora in Tanzania: A History Retold
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
16
(
2
):
62
80
.
Neuwirth
,
Robert
.
2011
.
Stealth of Nations: The Global Rise of the Informal Economy
.
Pantheon Books
.
Newell
,
Sasha
.
2006
. “
Estranged Belongings: A Moral Economy of Theft in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Anthropological Theory
6
(
2
):
179
203
.
Newell
,
Sasha
.
2007
. “
Pentecostal Witchcraft: Neoliberal Possession and Demonic Discourse in Ivoirian Pentecostal Churches
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
37
(
4
):
461
90
.
Newell
,
Sasha
.
2012
.
The Modernity Bluff: Crime, Consumption, and Citizenship in Côte D’Ivoire
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Ngonyani
,
Deogratis
.
2002
. “
Ujamaa [Socialism] Metaphors: The Basis of President Nyerere’s Political Terminology
.” In
Surviving through Obliqueness; Language of Politics in Emerging Democracies
, edited by
Obeng
Samuel Gyasi
and
Hartford
Beverly
,
31
43
.
Nova Science
.
Nguyen
,
Vinh-Kim
.
2017
. “
Viral Speed: Infrastructure, Connectivity, Ontogeny; or, Notes on the Molecular Epidemiology of Epidemics
.”
Cultural Anthropology
32
(
1
):
28
34
.
Nordstrom
,
Carolyn
.
2004
.
Shadows of War: Violence, Power, and International Profiteering in the Twenty-First Century
.
University of California Press
.
Nyamnjoh
,
Francis B.
2002
. “
‘A Child is One Person’s Only in the Womb’: Domestication, Agency and Subjectivity in the Cameroonian Grassfields
.” In
Postcolonial Subjectivities in Africa
, edited by
Werbner
Richard
,
111
138
.
Zed Books
.
Nyamnjoh
,
Francis B.
2017
. “
Incompleteness: Frontier Africa and the Currency of Conviviality
.”
Journal of Asian and African Studies
52
(
3
):
253
70
.
Nyerere
,
Julius K.
1968
.
Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism
.
Oxford University Press
.
Öhman
,
May-Britt
.
2007
. “
Taming Exotic Beauties: Swedish Hydro Power Constructions in Tanzania in the Era of Development Assistance, 1960s–1990s
.”
PhD dissertation
,
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
.
Ojambo
,
Robert
.
2016
. “
The Arab Springs and the ‘Walk to Work’ Movement in Uganda: Contest for Political Space and Freedom
.”
African Journal of Education, Science and Technology
3
(
1
):
27
38
.
Ong
,
Aiwha
.
2006
.
Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
.
Duke University Press
.
Oonk
,
Gijsbert
.
2009
.
The Karimjee Jivanjee Family: Merchant Princes of East Africa 1800–2000
.
Pallas Publications
.
Özden-Schilling
,
Canay
.
2021
.
The Current Economy: Electricity Markets and Technoeconomics
.
Stanford University Press
.
Paget
,
Dan
.
2021
. “
Tanzania: The Authoritarian Landslide
.”
Journal of Democracy
32
(
2
):
61
76
.
Pandian
,
Anand
.
2014
. “
In the Event of an Anthropological Thought
.” In
Wording the World: Veena Das and Scenes of Inheritance
, edited by
Chatterjee
Roma
,
258
72
.
Fordham University Press
.
Parks
,
Lisa
, and
Rachel
Thompson
.
2020
. “
Internet Shutdown in Africa: The Slow Shutdown: Information and Internet Regulation in Tanzania From 2010 to 2018 and Impacts on Online Content Creators
.”
International Journal of Communication
14
:
4288
308
.
Parpart
,
Jane L.
1984
. “
The ‘ Labor Aristocracy’ Debate in Africa: The Copperbelt Case, 1924–1967
.”
African Economic History
, no.
13
:
171
91
.
Parry
,
Jonathan
, and
Bloch
Maurice
.
1989
.
Money and the Morality of Exchange
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Perez
,
APC.
2018
. “
Isolated Grid Optimization (IGO) Tanzania, Tanesco Isolated Diesel Mini-Grids located in Liwale, Loliondo, Kasulu, Kibondo, and Mapanda
.
USAID
. Accessed November 13, 2021. .
Peters
,
John Durham
.
2015
.
The Marvelous Clouds: Toward a Philosophy of Elemental Media
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Petit
,
Pierre
, and
Mutambwa
Georges Mulumbwa
.
2005
. “
La Crise?’: Lexicon and Ethos of the Second Economy in Lubumbashi
.”
Africa
75
(
4
):
467
87
.
Phillips
,
Kristin
.
2018
.
An Ethnography of Hunger: Politics, Subsistence, and the Unpredictable Grace of the Sun
.
Indiana University Press
.
Phillips
,
Kristin
.
2020
. “
Prelude to a Grid: Energy, Gender and Labour on an Electric Frontier
.”
Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
38
(
2
):
71
87
.
Piot
,
Charles
.
2010
.
Nostalgia for the Future: West Africa after the Cold War
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Pitcher
,
M. Anne
, and
Askew
Kelly Michelle
.
2006
. “
African Socialisms and Postsocialisms
.”
Africa: The Journal of the International African Institute
76
(
1
):
1
14
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth
.
2011a
.
Economies of Abandonment: Social Belonging and Endurance in Late Liberalism
.
Duke University Press
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth
.
2011b
. “
Routes/Worlds
.”
E-Flux Journal
, no.
27
:
1
12
. .
Rafiq
,
Mohamed Yunus
,
Hannah
Wheatley
,
Rashid
Salti
,
Aloisia
Shemdoe
,
Jitihada
Baraka
, and
Hildegalda
Mushi
.
2022
. “
‘I Let Others Speak about Condoms’: Muslim Religious Leaders’ Selective Engagement with an NGO-Led Family Planning Project in Rural Tanzania
.”
Social Science & Medicine
293
:
114650
. .
Rahier
,
Nick
,
Günel
Gökçe
, and
Gupta
Pamila
.
2017
. “
Our Electric Infrastructures
.” Theorizing the Contemporary,
Fieldsights
,
December
19
. .
Rankin
,
William J.
2009
. “
Infrastructure and the International Governance of Economic Development, 1950–1965
.” In
Internationalization of Infrastructures
, edited by
Auger
Jean-François
,
Bouma
Jan Jaap
, and
Künneke
Rolf
,
61
75
.
Delft University of Technology
.
Ravaisson
,
Félix
.
2008
.
Of Habit
.
Continuum
.
Richards
,
Paul
.
1996
.
Fighting for the Rain Forest: War, Youth & Resources in Sierra Leone
.
International African Institute, James Currey, and Heinemann
.
Rizzo
,
Mateo
.
2002
. “
Being Taken for a Ride: Privatisation of the Dar es Salaam Transport System 1983–1998
.”
The Journal of Modern African Studies
40
(
1
):
133
57
.
Robbins
,
Joel
.
2013
. “
Beyond the Suffering Subject: Toward an Anthropology of the Good
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
19
(
3
):
447
642
.
Rogers
,
Douglas
.
2006
. “
How to Be a Khoziain in a Transforming State: State Formation and the Ethics of Governance in Post-Soviet Russia
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
48
(
4
):
915
45
.
Rogers
,
Douglas
.
2010
. “
Postsocialisms Unbound: Connections, Critiques, Comparisons
.”
Slavic Review
69
(
1
):
1
15
.
Rogers
,
Douglas
.
2014
. “
EnergoPolitical Rus sia: Corporation, State, and the Rise of Social and Cultural Projects
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
87
(
2
):
431
51
.
Roitman
,
Janet L.
2005
.
Fiscal Disobedience: An Anthropology of Economic Regulation in Central Africa
.
Princeton University Press
.
Rolffs
,
Paula
,
David
Ockwell
, and
Byrne
Rob
2015
. “
Beyond Technology and Finance: Pay-As-You-Go Sustainable Energy Access and Theories of Social Change
.”
Environment and Planning A
47
(
12
):
2609
27
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
1996
. “
The Death of the Social? Re-Figuring the Territory of Government
.”
International Journal of Human Resource Management
25
(
3
):
327
56
.
Rupp
,
Stephanie
.
2016
. “
Circuits and Currents: Dynamics of Disruption in New York City Blackouts
.”
Economic Anthropology
3
(
1
):
106
18
.
Rutherford
,
Danilyn
.
2016
. “
How Structuralism Matters
.”
HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory
6
(
3
):
61
77
.
Sanders
,
Todd
.
2008
. “
Buses in Bongoland: Seductive Analytics and the Occult
.”
Anthropological Theory
8
(
2
):
107
32
.
Schneider
,
Leander
.
2004
. “
Freedom and Unfreedom in Rural Development: Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa Vijijini, and Villagization
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
38
(
2
):
344
92
.
Schwenkel
,
Christina
.
2015
. “
Spectacular Infrastructure and Its Breakdown in Socialist Vietnam
.”
American Ethnologist
42
(
3
):
520
34
.
Schwenkel
,
Christina
, and
Leshkowich
Ann Marie
.
2012
. “
Guest Editors’ Introduction: How Is Neoliberalism Good to Think Vietnam? How Is Vietnam Good to Think Neoliberalism?
positions: ASIA critique
20
(
2
):
379
401
.
Scott
,
James C.
1977
.
The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia
.
Yale University Press
.
Scott
,
James C.
1985
.
Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
.
Yale University Press
.
Scott
,
James C.
1990
.
Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts
.
Yale University Press
.
Scott
,
James C.
1998
.
Seeing like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
.
Yale University Press
.
Scott
,
James C.
2006
. “
High Modernist Social Engineering: The Case of the Tennessee Valley Authority
.”
Experiencing the State
, edited by
Rudolph
Lloyd I.
and
Jacobsen
John Kurt
,
321
32
.
Oxford University Press
.
Scott
,
James C.
2012
.
Two Cheers for Anarchism: Six Easy Pieces on Autonomy, Dignity, and Meaningful Work and Play
.
Princeton University Press
.
Scotton
,
Carol M. M.
1965
. “
Some Swahili Political Words
.”
Journal of Modern African Studies
3
(
4
):
527
41
.
Serres
,
Michel
.
1982
.
The Parasite
. Translated by
Schehr
Lawrence R.
.
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Shamir
,
Ronen
.
2018
. “
Head-Hunters and Knowledge-Gatherers: Colonialism, Engineers and Fields of Planning
.”
History and Anthropology
29
(
4
):
469
92
.
Shao
,
John
.
1986
The Villagization Program and the Disruption of the Ecological Balance in Tanzania
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
20
(
2
):
219
39
.
Shibano
,
Kyohei
, and
Gento
Mogi
.
2020
. “
Electricity Consumption Forecast Model Using House hold Income: Case Study in Tanzania
.”
Energies
13
(
10
):
2497
. .
Shryock
,
Andrew
.
2019
. “
Keeping to Oneself: Hospitality and the Magical Hoard in the Balga of Jordan
.”
History and Anthropology
30
(
5
):
546
62
.
Simone
,
AbdouMaliq
.
2004a
.
For the City yet to Come: Changing African Life in Four Cities
.
Duke University Press
.
Simone
,
AbdouMaliq
.
2004b
. “
People as Infrastructure: Intersecting Fragments in Johannesburg
.”
Public Culture
16
(
3
):
407
29
.
Singh
,
Bhrigupati
.
2014
. “
How Concepts Make the World Look Different: Affirmative and Negative Genealogies of Thought
.” In
The Ground Between: Anthropologists Engage Philosophy
, edited by
Das
Veena
,
Jackson
Michael D.
,
Arthur
Kleinman
, and
Bhrigupati
Singh
.
Durham
,
159
86
.
Duke University Press
.
Sitta
,
Samuel
,
Slaa
Willibrod P.
, and
Cheyo
John
.
2008
.
Bunge Lenye Meno: A Parliament with Teeth for Tanzania
.
Africa Research Institute
.
Smiley
,
Sarah L.
2009
. “
The City of Three Colors: Segregation in Colonial Dar Es Salaam, 1891–1961
.”
Historical Geography
37
(
1
):
178
96
.
Spence
,
Lester K.
2015
.
Knocking the Hustle: Against the Neoliberal Turn in Black Politics
.
Punctum Books
.
Star
,
Susan Leigh
.
1999
. “
The Ethnography of Infrastructure
.”
American Behavioral Scientist
43
(
3
):
377
91
.
Stark
,
Laura
.
2017
. “
Cultural Politics of Love and Provision among Poor Youth in Urban Tanzania
.”
Ethnos
82
(
3
):
569
91
.
Stevenson
,
Lisa
.
2017
. “
Sounding Death, Saying Something
.”
Social Text
35
(
1
):
59
78
.
Strathern
,
Marilyn
.
1996
. “
Cutting the Network
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
2
(
3
):
517
35
.
Stroeken
,
Koen
.
2005
. “
Immunizing Strategies: Hip-Hop and Critique in Tanzania
.”
Africa
75
(
4
):
488
509
.
Takabvirwa
,
Kathryn
.
2018
. “
On the Threshing Floor: Roadblocks and the Policing of Everyday Life in Zimbabwe
.”
PhD dissertation
,
Stanford University
.
Terray
,
Emmanuel
.
1986
. “
Le Climatiseur et la Véranda
.” In
Afrique Plurielle, Afrique Actuelle: Hommage à Georges Balandier
, edited by
Balandier
Georges
,
37
44
.
Karthala
.
Thaler
,
Richard H.
, and
Sunstein
Cass R.
.
2008
.
Nudge: Improving Decisions Using the Architecture of Choice
.
Yale University Press
.
Thompson
,
Edward P.
.
1971
. “
The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century
.”
Past and Pre sent
, no.
50
:
76
136
.
Tischler
,
Julia
.
2014
. “
Cementing Uneven Development: The Central African Federation and the Kariba Dam Scheme
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
40
(
5
):
1047
64
.
Tripp
,
Aili Marie
.
1997
.
Changing the Rules: The Politics of Liberalization and the Urban Informal Economy in Tanzania
.
University of California Press
.
Trovalla
,
Eric
, and
Trovalla
Ulrika
.
2015
. “
Infrastructure as a Divination Tool: Whispers from the Grids in a Nigerian City
.”
City
19
(
2–3
):
332
43
.
Tsing
,
Anna Lowenhaupt
.
2000
. “
Inside the Economy of Appearances
.”
Public Culture
12
(
1
):
115
44
.
Tsing
,
Anna Lowenhaupt
.
2015
.
The Mushroom at the End of the World: On the Possibility of Life in Capitalist Ruins
.
Princeton University Press
.
Tsuruta
,
Tadasu
.
2003
. “
Popular Music, Sports, and Politics: A Development of Urban Cultural Movements in Dar es Salaam, 1930s–1960s
.”
African Study Monographs
24
(
3
):
195
222
.
Turner
,
Victor
.
1967
.
Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual
.
Cornell University Press
.
USAID
.
2018
. “
Hydropower in Tanzania’s Rural Highlands
.” Accessed November 19, 2021. .
Vagliasindi
,
Maria
, and
Besant-Jones
John
.
2013
.
Power Market Structure: Revisiting Policy Options
.
World Bank Publications
.
Van der Straeten
,
Jonas
2015a
. “
Electrification in Tanzania from a Historical Perspective—Discourses of Development and the Marginalization of the Rural Poor
.” In
Micro Perspectives for Decentralized Energy Supply: Proceedings of the International Conference
, edited by
Schäfer
Martina
,
156
61
.
Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin
.
Van der Straeten
,
Jonas
.
2015b
. “
Legacies of a Past Modernism Discourses of Development and the Shaping of Centralized Electricity Infrastructures in Late-and Postcolonial Tanzania
.” In
International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: Conference Proceedings
, edited by
Dolan
Tom
and
Collins
Brian
,
275
80
.
UCL Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy
.
Van Huedsen
,
Peter
.
2009
. “
Discipline and the New ‘Logic of Delivery’: Prepaid Electricity in South Africa and Beyond
.” In
Electric Capitalism: Recolonizing Africa on the Power Grid
, edited by
McDonald
David
,
229
47
.
HSRC Press
.
Venkatesan
,
Soumhya
.
2020
. “
Afterword: Putting Together the Anthropology of Tax and the Anthropology of Ethics
.”
Social Analysis
64
(
2
):
141
54
.
Verdery
,
Katherine
.
1996
.
What Was Socialism, and What Comes Next?
Cambridge University Press
.
Verran
,
Helen
.
2007
. “
The Telling Challenge of Africa’s Economies
.”
African Studies Review
50
(
2
):
163
82
.
Viveiros de Castro
,
Eduardo
.
2014
.
Cannibal Metaphysics
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Vokes
,
Richard
.
2013
. “
New Guinean Models in the East African Highlands
.”
Social Analysis
57
(
3
):
95
113
.
von Schnitzler
,
Antina
.
2013
. “
Traveling Technologies: Infrastructure, Ethical Regimes, and the Materiality of Politics in South Africa
.”
Cultural Anthropology
28
(
4
):
670
93
.
von Schnitzler
,
Antina
.
2016
.
Democracy’s Infrastructure: Techno-Politics and Protest after Apartheid
.
Princeton University Press
.
Wacquant
,
Loïc
.
2012
. “
Three Steps to a Historical Anthropology of Actually Existing Neoliberalism
.”
Social Anthropology
20
(
1
):
66
79
.
Wallerstein
,
Immanuel
.
1991
. “
Braudel on Capitalism, or Everything Upside Down
.”
Journal of Modern History
63
(
2
):
354
61
.
Walsh
,
Martin
.
2012
. “
The Not-so-Great Ruaha and Hidden Histories of an Environmental Panic in Tanzania
.”
Journal of Eastern African Studies
6
(
2
):
303
35
.
Wamukonya
,
Njeri
.
2003
. “
African Power Sector Reforms: Some Emerging Lessons
.”
Energy for Sustainable Development
7
(
1
):
7
15
.
Wark
,
McKenzie
.
2014
. “
Furious Media: A Queer History of Heresy
.” In
Excommunication: Three Inquiries in Media and Mediation
, edited by
Thacker
Eugene
,
Wark
McKenzie
, and
Galloway
Alexander R.
,
151
201
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Watts
,
Michael
.
1994
. “
Development II: The Privatization of Everything?
Progress in Human Geography
18
(
3
):
371
84
.
Watts
,
Michael
.
2005
. “
Baudelaire over Berea, Simmel over Sandton?
Public Culture
17
(
1
):
181
92
.
Weber
,
Max
.
(1930) 2005
.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
. Translated by
Parsons
Talcott
.
Routledge
.
Wedel
,
Janine R.
2009
.
Shadow Elite: How the World’s New Power Brokers Undermine Democracy, Government, and the Free Market
.
Basic Books
.
Weiss
,
Brad
.
1996
.
The Making and Unmaking of the Haya Lived World: Consumption, Commoditization, and Everyday Practice
.
Duke University Press
.
White
,
Luise
.
1994
. “
Blood Brotherhood Revisited: Kinship, Relationship, and the Body in East and Central Africa
.”
Africa
64
(
3
):
359
72
.
White
,
Luise
.
2000
.
Speaking with Vampires: Rumor and History in Colonial Africa
.
University of California Press
.
Whitington
,
Jerome
.
2019
.
Anthropogenic Rivers: The Production of Uncertainty in Lao Hydropower
.
Cornell University Press
.
Wilder
,
Gary
.
2014
.
Freedom Time: Negritude, Decolonization, and the Future of the World
.
Duke University Press
.
Winther
,
Tanja
.
2008
.
The Impact of Electricity: Development, Desires and Dilemmas
.
Berghahn Books
.
World Bank
.
1993
.
The World Bank’s Role in the Electric Power Sector: Policies for Effective Institutional, Regulatory, and Financial Reform
.
The World Bank
. .
Yurchak
,
Alexei
.
2006
.
Every thing Was Forever, until It Was No More: The Last Soviet Generation
.
Princeton University Press
.
Zárate
,
Salvador
.
2018
. “
Maintenance
.”
Fieldsights
,
March
29
. .
Zizek
,
Slavoj
.
2005
.
The Parallax View
.
MIT Press
.
Zizek
,
Slavoj
.
2006
.
How to Read Lacan
.
Granta
.
Zuckerman
,
Charles H. P.
2016
. “
Phatic Violence? Gambling and the Arts of Distraction in Laos
.”
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology
26
(
3
):
294
314
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Works Cited

Adwek
,
George
,
Shen
Boxiong
,
Ndolo
Paul O.
,
Siagi
Zachary O.
,
Chepsaigutt
Chebet
,
Kemunto
Cicilia M.
,
Arowo
Moses
,
Shimmon
John
,
Simiyu
Patrobers
, and
Yabo
Abel C.
.
2020
. “
The Solar Energy Access in Kenya: A Review Focusing on Pay-As-You-Go Solar Home System
.”
Environment, Development and Sustainability
22
(
5
):
3897
938
.
Ahearne
,
Robert
, and
Childs
John
.
2018
. “
‘National Resources’? The Fragmented Citizenship of Gas Extraction in Tanzania
.”
Journal of Eastern African Studies
12
(
4
):
696
715
.
Akrich
,
Madeleine
.
1992
. “
The De-scription of Technical Objects
.” In
Shaping Technology/Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change
, edited by
Bijker
Wiebe
and
W. & John Law
,
205
24
.
MIT Press
.
Amin
,
Samir
.
1978
.
Imperialism and Unequal Development
.
Harvester Press
.
Aminzade
,
Ronald
.
2001
. “
The Politics of Race and Nation: Citizenship and Africanization in Tanganyika
.” In
Political Power and Social Theory
, vol.
14
, edited by
Davis
Diane E.
,
53
90
.
Emerald Group Publishing
.
Aminzade
,
Ronald
.
2003
. “
From Race to Citizenship: The Indigenization Debate in Post-Socialist Tanzania
.”
Studies in Comparative International Development
38
(
1
):
43
92
.
Aminzade
,
Ronald
.
2013
.
Race, Nation, and Citizenship in Postcolonial Africa: The Case of Tanzania
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2012
. “
Municipal Disconnect: On Abject Water and Its Urban Infrastructures
.”
Ethnography
13
(
4
):
487
509
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2015
. “
Accretion
.”
Cultural Anthropology website
,
September
24
. .
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2017
.
Hydraulic City: Water and the Infrastructures of Citizenship in Mumbai
.
Duke University Press
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
.
2020
. “
Consuming Citizenship: Prepaid Meters and the Politics of Technology in Mumbai
.”
City & Society
32
(
1
):
47
70
.
Anand
,
Nikhil
,
Gupta
Akhil
, and
Appel
Hannah
, eds.
2018
.
The Promise of Infrastructure
.
Duke University Press
.
Andreasen
,
Manja Hoppe
, and
Agergaard
Jytte
.
2016
. “
Residential Mobility and Homeownership in Dar es Salaam
.”
Population and Development Review
,
95
110
.
Appel
,
Hannah
.
2019
.
The Licit Life of Capitalism: US Oil in Equatorial Guinea
.
Duke University Press
.
Arendt
,
Hannah
.
2003
.
The Portable Hannah Arendt
.
Penguin
.
Askew
,
Kelly M.
2002
.
Performing the Nation: Swahili Music and Cultural Politics in Tanzania
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Askew
,
Kelly M.
2006
. “
Sung and Unsung: Musical Reflections on Tanzanian Postsocialisms
.”
Africa
76
(
1
):
15
43
.
Azarya
,
Victor
, and
Chazan
Naomi
.
1987
. “
Disengagement from the State in Africa: Reflections on the Experience of Ghana and Guinea
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
29
(
1
):
106
31
.
Azorom, AETS (Application Européenne de Technologies et Service)
.
2011
. “
Loss Reduction Study Tanesco and Zeco: Final Report Executive Summary
.”
Ministry of Finance Millennium Challenge Account Tanzania
. Accessed January 24, 2017. .
Baehr
,
Peter
.
2002
. “
The Iron Cage and the Shell as Hard as Steel: Parsons, Weber, and the Stahlhartes Gehäuse Metaphor in the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
.”
History and Theory
40
(
2
):
153
69
.
Bagachwa
,
Mboya S. D.
, and
Naho
A.
.
1995
. “
Estimating the Second Economy in Tanzania
.”
World Development
23
(
8
):
1387
99
. .
Barkan
,
Joel D.
1994
.
Beyond Capitalism vs. Socialism in Kenya and Tanzania
.
East African Publishers
.
Bayart
,
Jean-Francois
.
1993
.
The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly
.
Longmans
.
Bayart
,
Jean-Francois
,
Ellis
Stephen
, and
Hibou
Beatrice
.
2001
.
The Criminalization of the State in Africa
.
Currey
.
Bayliss
,
Kate
.
2002
. “
Privatization and Poverty: The Distributional Impact of Utility Privatization
.”
Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics
73
(
4
):
603
25
.
Bayliss
,
Kate
, and
Fine
Ben
.
2007
.
Privatization and Alternative Public Sector Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Delivering on Electricity and Water
.
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Bear
,
Laura
, and
Mathur
Nayanika
.
2015
. “
Introduction: Remaking the Public Good: A New Anthropology of Bureaucracy
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
33
(
1
):
18
34
.
Beidelman
,
Thomas O.
1997
. “
The Cool Knife: Imagery of Gender, Sexuality, and Moral Education in Kaguru Initiation Ritual
.”
Smithsonian Institution Press
.
Benjamin
,
Walter
.
2012
.
Illuminations: Essays and Reflections
.
Schocken Books
.
Bennett
,
Jane
.
2005
. “
The Agency of Assemblages and the North American Blackout
.”
Public Culture
17
(
3
):
445
65
.
Berry
,
Sara
.
1989
. “
Social Institutions and Access to Resources
.”
Africa
59
(
1
):
41
55
.
Bertelsen
,
Bjørn Enge
.
2016
. “
Effervescence and Ephemerality: Popular Urban Uprisings in Mozambique
.”
Ethnos
81
(
1
):
25
52
.
Bohannan
,
Paul
.
1955
. “
Some Principles of Exchange and Investment among the Tiv
.”
American Anthropologist
57
(
1
):
60
70
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
1977
.
Outline of a Theory of Practice
. Translated by
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
.
2014
. “
Energopower: An Introduction
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
87
(
2
):
309
33
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
.
2015
. “
Anthropology Electric
.”
Cultural Anthropology
30
(
4
):
531
39
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
.
2019
.
Energopolitics: Wind and Power in the Anthropocene
.
Duke University Press
.
Branch
,
Adam
, and
Mampilly
Zachariah
.
2015
.
Africa Uprising: Popular Protest and Political Change
.
Zed Books
.
Brankamp
,
Hanno
.
2015
. “
#WhatWouldMagufuliDo Sparks New Bout of Tanzaphilia
.”
African Arguments
,
November
30
. .
Braudel
,
Ferdinand
.
1992
.
Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century. Vol. 2, The Wheels of Commerce
.
University of California Press
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2006a
. “
Blood Enemies: Exploitation and Urban Citizenship in the Nationalist Political Thought of Tanzania, 1958–75
.”
The Journal of African History
47
(
3
):
389
413
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2006a
. “
Youth, the Tanu Youth League and Managed Vigilantism in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 1925–73
.”
Africa
76
(
2
):
221
46
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2008
. “
Destroying Mumiani: Cause, Context, and Violence in Late Colonial Dar es Salaam
.”
Journal of Eastern African Studies
2
(
1
):
95
111
.
Brennan
,
James
.
2012
.
Taifa: Making Nation and Race in Urban Tanzania
.
Ohio University Press
.
Briggs
,
John
, and
Mwamfupe
Davis
.
1999
. “
The Changing Nature of the Peri-Urban Zone in Africa: Evidence from Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania
.”
The Scottish Geographical Magazine
115
(
4
):
269
82
.
Brownell
,
Emily
.
2014
. “
Seeing Dirt in Dar Es Salaam: Sanitation, Waste and Citizenship in the Post-Colonial City
.” In
The Art of Citizenship in African Cities: Infrastructures and Spaces of Belonging
, edited by
Diouf
Momadou
and
Fredericks
Rosalind
,
209
29
.
Palgrave MacMillan
.
Brownell
,
Emily
.
2020
.
Gone to Ground: A History of Environment and Infrastructure in Dar es Salaam
.
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Buck-Morss
,
Susan
.
1991
.
The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project
.
MIT Press
.
Bunge la Tanzania
.
2007
. “
Taarifa ya Kamati Teule Iliyoundwa na Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muunagano wa Tanzania Tarehe 13 Novemba, 2007, Kuchunguza Mchakato wa Zabuni ya Uzalishaji Umeme was Dharura Ulioipa Ushindi Richmond Development Company LLC ya Houston Texas, Marekani, Mwaka 2006
.”
Parliamentary report
.
Bürge
,
Michael
.
2011
. “
Riding the Narrow Tracks of Moral Life: Commercial Motorbike Riders in Makeni, Sierra Leone
.”
Africa Today
58
(
2
):
58
95
.
Burton
,
Andrew
.
2007
. “
The Haven of Peace Purged: Tackling the Undesirable and Unproductive Poor in Dar es Salaam, ca. 1950s–1980s
.”
The International Journal of African Historical Studies
40
(
1
):
119
51
.
Callaci
,
Emily
.
2011
. “
Dancehall Politics: Mobility, Sexuality and the Spectacles of Racial Respectability in Late Colonial Tanganyika, 1930s–1961
.”
The Journal of African History
52
(
3
):
365
84
.
Callaci
,
Emily
.
2017
.
Street Archives and City Life: Popular Intellectuals in Postcolonial Tanzania
.
Duke University Press
.
Carse
,
Ashley
.
2014
.
Beyond the Big Ditch: Politics, Ecology, and Infrastructure at the Panama Canal
.
MIT Press
.
Carse
,
Ashley
.
2016
. “
Keyword: Infrastructure: How a Humble French Engineering Term Shaped the Modern World
.” In
Infrastructures and Social Complexity
, edited by
Harvey
Penny
,
Jensen
Casper Bruun
, and
Morita
Atsuro
,
45
57
.
Routledge
.
Carse
,
Ashley
.
2019
. “
The Feel of 13, 000 Containers: How Pi lots Learn to Navigate Changing Logistical Environments
.”
Ethnos
. .
Cavell
,
Stanley
.
1969
.
Must We Mean What We Say
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2010
.
Neoliberal Frontiers: An Ethnography of Sovereignty in West Africa
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2014
. “
Public Things, Excremental Politics, and the Infrastructure of Bare Life in Ghana’s City of Tema
.”
American Ethnologist
41
(
1
):
92
109
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2017
. “
‘Wastelandia’: Infrastructure and the Commonwealth of Waste in Urban Ghana
.”
Ethnos
82
(
4
):
648
71
.
Chalfin
,
Brenda
.
2020
. “
Experiments in Excreta to Energy: Sustainability Science and Bio-Necro Collaboration in Urban Ghana
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
38
(
2
):
88
104
.
Chari
,
Sharad
, and
Verdery
Katherine
.
2009
. “
Thinking between the Posts: Post-colonialism, Postsocialism, and Ethnography after the Cold War
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
51
(
1
):
6
34
.
Chatterjee
,
Elizabeth
.
2020
. “
The Asian Anthropocene: Electricity and Fossil Developmentalism
.”
The Journal of Asian Studies
79
(
1
):
3
24
.
Chipole Convent
.
2021
. “
Tulila Hydroelectric Power Station
.” Accessed November 14. .
Cohen
,
Adrienne
.
2021
.
Infinite Repertoire: On Dance and Urban Possibility in Postsocialist Guinea
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Coleman
,
Leo
.
2017
.
A Moral Technology: Electrification as Political Ritual in New Delhi
.
Cornell University Press
.
Collier
,
Stephen J.
2011
.
Post-Soviet Social: Neoliberalism, Social Modernity, Biopolitics
.
Princeton University Press
.
Collier
,
Stephen J.
, and
Lakoff
Andrew
.
2015
. “
Vital Systems Security: Reflexive Biopolitics and the Government of Emergency
.”
Theory, Culture & Society
32
(
2
):
19
51
.
Connolly
,
William E.
2013
.
The Fragility of Things: Self-Organizing Processes, Neoliberal Fantasies, and Demo cratic Activism
.
Duke University Press
.
Cooksey
,
Brian
.
2002
. “
The Power and the Vainglory, Anatomy of a $100 Million Malaysian IPP
.” In
Ugly Malaysians? South-South Investments Abused
, edited by
Jomo
K. S.
,
47
76
.
Institute for Black Research
.
Cooksey
,
Brian
, and
Kelsall
Tim
.
2011
. “
The Political Economy of the Investment Climate in Tanzania
.”
Africa Power and Politics Programme
.
Cross
,
Jamie
, and
Murray
Declan
.
2018
. “
The Afterlives of Solar Power: Waste and Repair off the Grid in Kenya
.”
Energy Research & Social Science
44
:
100
109
.
Curinga
,
Matthew X.
2016
. “
The MOOC and the Multitude
.”
Educational Theory
66
(
3
):
369
87
.
Daniel
,
John
,
Naidoo
Varusha
, and
Naidu
Sanusha
.
2003
. “
The South Africans Have Arrived: Post-Apartheid Corporate Expansion into Africa
.” In
State of the Nation: South Africa 2003–2004
, edited by
Daniel
John
,
Adam
Habib
, and
Southall
Roger
,
368
90
.
HSRC Press
.
Das
,
Veena
.
1998
. “
Wittgenstein and Anthropology
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
27
(
1
):
171
95
.
Das
,
Veena
.
2014
. “
Action, Expression, and Everyday Life: Recounting Household Events
.” In
The Ground Between: Anthropologists Engage Philosophy
, edited by
Das
Veena
,
Jackson
Michael D.
,
Arthur
Kleinman
, and
Singh
Bhrigupati
,
279
306
.
Duke University Press
.
Das
,
Veena
.
2015
. “
What Does Ordinary Ethics Look Like?
” In
Four Lectures on Ethics: Anthropological Perspectives
,
53
126
.
Hau Books
.
Das
,
Veena
.
n.d
. “
Concepts Criss-Crossing
.”
Unpublished
. Accessed April 25, 2021. .
Das
,
Veena
,
Jackson
Michael D.
,
Kleinman
Arthur
, and
Singh
Bhrigupati
.
2014
. “
Introduction: Experiments between Anthropology and Philosophy; Affinities and Antagonisms
.” In
The Ground Between: Anthropologists Engage Philosophy
, edited by
Das
Veena
,
Jackson
Michael D.
,
Arthur
Kleinman
, and
Singh
Bhrigupati
,
1
26
.
Duke University Press
.
Dean
,
Erin
.
2020
. “
Uneasy Entanglements: Solar Energy Development in Zanzibar
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
38
(
2
):
53
70
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
.
1998
. “
Domesticating Diamonds and Dollars: Identity, Expenditure and Sharing in Southwestern Zaire (1984–1997)
.”
Development and Change
29
(
4
):
777
810
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
.
2005
. “
The Apocalyptic Interlude: Revealing Death in Kinshasa
.”
African Studies Review
48
(
2
):
11
32
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
, and
Baloji
Sammy
.
2016
.
Suturing the City: Living Together in Congo’s Urban Worlds
.
Autograph ABP
.
De Boeck
,
Filip
, and
Plissart
Marie Francois
.
2004
.
Kinshasa: Tales of the Invisible City
.
Ludion/Royal Museum for Central Africa
.
Degani
,
Michael
.
2017
. “
La Véranda, le Climatiseur et la Centrale Électrique: Race et Électricité Tanzanie Postsocialiste
.”
Afrique Contemporaine
261–62
(
1
):
103
18
.
Degani
,
Michael
.
2018
. “
Shock Humor: Zaniness and the Freedom of Permanent Improvisation in Urban Tanzania
.”
Cultural Anthropology
33
(
3
):
473
98
.
Degani
,
Michael
.
2021
. “
Cutting without Cutting Connection: The Semiotics of Power Patrols in Urban Tanzania
.”
Signs and Society
9
(
2
):
176
203
.
Degani
,
Michael
,
Brenda
Chalfin
, and
Jamie
Cross
.
2020
. “
Introduction: Fuelling Capture: Africa’s Energy Frontiers
.”
The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology
38
(
2
):
1
18
.
De Laet
,
Marianne
, and
Mol
Annemarie
.
2000
. “
The Zimbabwe Bush Pump: Mechanics of a Fluid Technology
.”
Social Studies of Science
30
(
2
):
225
63
.
DeLanda
,
Manuel
.
2016
.
Assemblage Theory
.
Edinburgh University Press
.
Delehanty
,
Sean
.
2020
. “
From Modernization to Villagization: The World Bank and Ujamaa
.”
Diplomatic History
44
(
2
):
289
314
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Félix
.
1987
.
A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophre nia
. Translated by
Massumi
Brian
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Doherty
,
Jacob
.
2017
. “
Life (and Limb) in the Fast-Lane: Disposable People as Infrastructure in Kampala’s Boda Industry
.”
Critical African Studies
9
(
2
):
192
209
.
Dua
,
Jatin
.
2019
.
Captured at Sea: Piracy and Protection in the Indian Ocean
.
University of California Press
.
Dunn
,
Elizabeth C.
2005
. “
Standards and Person-Making in East Central Europe
.” In
Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems
, edited by
Ong
Aiwha
and
Collier
Stephen J.
,
173
93
.
Wiley
.
Durkheim
,
Emile
.
(1914) 2005
. “
The Dualism of Human Nature and its Social Conditions
.”
Durkheimian Studies
11
(
1
):
35
45
.
Dye
,
Barnaby
, and
Hartmann
Joerg
.
2017
. “
True Cost of Power: The Facts and Risks of Building Stiegler’s Gorge Hydropower Dam in Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania
.”
World Wildlife Federation International
.
Dzansi
,
James
,
Steven L.
Puller
,
Brittany
Street
, and
Belinda
Yebuah-Dwamena
.
2018
.
The Vicious Circle of Blackouts and Revenue Collection in Developing Economies: Evidence from Ghana
.
International Growth Centre Working Paper E-89457-GHA-1
.
Eberhard
,
Anton
, and
Gratwick
Katharine
.
2011
. “
When the Power Comes: An Analysis of IPPS in Africa
.”
Infrastructure Consortium on Africa
.
Eberhard
,
Anton
,
Gratwick
Katharine
, and
Kariuki
Laban
.
2018
. “
A Review of Private Investment in Tanzania’s Power Generation Sector
.”
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
29
(
2
):
1
11
.
Edwards
,
Paul N.
2003
. “
Infrastructure and Modernity: Force, Time, and Social Organization in the History of Sociotechnical Systems
.” In
Modernity and Technology
, edited by
Feenberg
Andrew
,
Philip
Brey
, and
Misa
Thomas J.
,
185
225
.
MIT Press
.
Eglash
,
Ron
, and
Foster
Ellen K.
.
2017
. “
On the Politics of Generative Justice: African Traditions and Maker Communities
.” In
What Do Science, Technology, and Innovation Mean from Africa?
, edited by
Mavhunga
Clapperton Chakanetsa
,
117
36
.
MIT Press
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
.
1999
.
The Mask of Anarchy: The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of an African Civil War
.
Hurst
.
Elyachar
,
J.
2010
. “
Phatic Labor, Infrastructure, and the Question of Empowerment in Cairo
.”
American Ethnologist
37
(
3
):
452
64
.
Esposito
,
Roberto
, and
Hanafi
Zakiya
.
2013
. “
Community, Immunity, Biopolitics
.”
Angelaki
18
(
3
):
83
90
.
Evans-Pritchard
,
E. E.
1937
.
Witchcraft, Magic, and Oracles among the Azande
.
Clarendon
.
Evans-Pritchard
,
E. E.
(1940) 2011
.
The Nuer: A Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People
.
Nabu Press
.
Feierman
,
Steven M.
1990
.
Peasant Intellectuals: Anthropology and History in Tanzania
.
University of Wisconsin Press
.
Fennell
,
Catherine
.
2015
.
Last Project Standing: Civics and Sympathy in Post-Welfare Chicago
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
1985
. “
The Bovine Mystique: Power, Property and Livestock in Rural Lesotho
.”
Man
20
(
4
):
647
74
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
1994
.
The Anti-Politics Machine: Development”, Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
1999
.
Expectations of Modernity: Myths and Meanings of Urban Life on the Zambian Copperbelt
.
University of California Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2005a
. “
Decomposing Modernity: History and Hierarchy after Development
.”
Postcolonial Studies and Beyond
,
166
81
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2005b
. “
Seeing Like an Oil Company: Space, Security, and Global Capital in Neoliberal Africa
.”
American Anthropologist
107
(
3
):
377
82
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2006
.
Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order
.
Duke University Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2013
. “
Declarations of Dependence: Labour, Personhood, and Welfare in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
19
(
2
):
223
42
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2015
.
Give a Man a Fish: Reflections on the New Politics of Distribution
.
Duke University Press
.
Ferguson
,
James
.
2021
Presence and Social Obligation: An Essay on the Share
.
Chicago: Prickly Paradigm
.
Fioratta
,
Susanna
.
2015
. “
Beyond Remittance: Evading Uselessness and Seeking Personhood in Fouta Djallon, Guinea
.”
American Ethnologist
42
(
2
):
295
308
.
Fortes
,
Meyer
.
1959
.
Oedipus and Job in West African Religion
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Fouéré
,
Marie-Aude
.
2014
. “
Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa, and Political Morality in Contemporary Tanzania
.”
African Studies Review
57
(
1
):
1
24
.
Fukuyama
,
Francis
.
1989
. “
The End of History?
National Interest
, no.
16
:
3
18
.
Galloway
,
Alexander R.
2013
. “
Love of the Middle
.” In
Excommunication: Three Inquiries in Media and Mediation
, edited by
Thacker
Eugene
,
Wark
McKenzie
, and
Galloway
Alexander R.
,
25
76
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Gastrow
,
Claudia
.
2017
. “
Cement Citizens: Housing, Demolition and Political Belonging in Luanda, Angola
.”
Citizenship Studies
21
(
2
):
224
39
.
Geertz
,
Clifford
.
1980
.
Negara: The Theatre State in 19th Century Bali
.
Princeton University Press
.
Generating Power and Cash
.”
2011
.
Africa Confidential
52
(
12
):
9
.
Gershon
,
Ilana
.
2010
. “
Breaking Up Is Hard to Do: Media Switching and Media Ideologies
.”
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology
20
(
2
):
389
405
.
Ghanadan
,
Rebecca
.
2008
. “
Public Service or Commodity Goods? Electricity Reforms, Access and the Politics of Development in Tanzania
.”
PhD dissertation
,
University of California–Berkeley
.
Ghanadan
,
Rebecca
.
2009
. “
Connected Geographies and Struggles over Access: Electricity Commercialization in Tanzania
.” In
Electric Capitalism: Recolonizing Africa on the Power Grid
, edited by
McDonald
David A.
,
400
436
.
Kapstadt
.
Ghanadan
,
Rebecca
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2007
. “
Electrical Utility Management Contracts in Africa: Lessons and Experience from the TANESCO-NETGroup Solutions Management Contract in Tanzania, 2002–2006
.”
MIR Working Paper
.
Glassman
,
Jonathan
.
1991
. “
The Bondsman’s New Clothes: The Contradictory Consciousness of Slave Resistance on the Swahili Coast
.”
The Journal of African History
32
(
2
):
277
312
.
Glassman
,
Jonathan
.
1995
.
Feasts and Riot: Revelry, Rebellion, and Popular Consciousness on the Swahili Coast, 1856–1888
.
Heinemann
.
Gledhill
,
John
.
2018
. “
Neoliberalism
.” In
The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology
, edited by
Callan
H.
. .
Glendinning
,
Victoria
.
2006
.
Electricity
.
Pocket Books
.
Gluckman
,
Max
.
1968
. “
Inter-Hierarchical Roles: Professional and Party Ethics in Tribal Areas in South and Central Africa
.” In
Local Level Politics
, edited by
Swartz
Marc J.
,
69
94
.
Aldine
.
Godhino
,
Catarina
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2018
. “
Power Sector Reform and Regulation in Tanzania
.” In
Tanzania Institutional Diagnostic
, edited by
Bourguignon
François
and
Wangwe
Samuel
,
1
51
.
Economic Development & Institutions
. Accessed April 26, 2022. .
Goody
,
Jack
, ed.
1958
.
The Developmental Cycle in Domestic Groups
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Graeber
,
David
.
2001
.
Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value: The False Coin of our Own Dreams
.
Springer
.
Graham
,
Stephen
, and
Marvin
Simon
.
2001
.
Splintering Urbanism: Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities and the Urban Condition
.
Psychology Press
.
Gratwick
,
Katharine
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2008
. “
Demise of the Standard Model for Power Sector Reform and the Emergence of Hybrid Power Markets
.”
Energy Policy
36
(
10
):
3948
60
.
Gratwick
,
Katharine
,
Ghanadan
Rebecca
, and
Eberhard
Anton
.
2006
. “
Generating Power and Controversy: Understanding Tanzania’s Independent Power Projects
.”
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
17
(
4
):
39
56
.
Gray
,
Hazel S.
2015
. “
The Political Economy of Grand Corruption in Tanzania
.”
African Affairs
114
(
456
):
382
403
.
Green
,
Maia
.
2010
. “
After Ujamaa? Cultures of Governance and the Representation of Power in Tanzania
.”
Social Analysis
54
(
1
):
15
34
.
Grundy
,
Trevor
.
2017
. “
Frene Ginwala, the Lenin Supplement, and the Storm Drains of History
.”
Politicsweb
,
August
15
. .
Günel
,
Göcke
.
2019
.
Spaceship in the Desert: Energy, Climate Change, and Urban Design in Abu Dhabi
.
Duke University Press
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1993a
. “
Toiling Ingenuity: Food Regulation in Britain and Nigeria
.”
American Ethnologist
20
(
4
):
797
817
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1993b
. “
Wealth in People and Self-Realization in Equatorial Africa
.”
Man
28
(
2
):
243
65
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1997
. “
Endowments and Assets: The Anthropology of Wealth and the Economics of Intra house hold Allocation
.” In
Intra house hold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Methods, Models, and Policy
, edited by
Haddad
Lawrence
,
John
Hoddinott
, and
Alderman
Harold
,
112
28
.
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
2004
.
Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic Africa
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
2007
. “
Prophecy and the Near Future: Thoughts on Macroeconomic, Evangelical, and Punctuated Time
.”
American Ethnologist
34
(
3
):
409
21
.
Guyer
,
Jane
.
2010
. “
The Eruption of Tradition?
Anthropological Theory
10
(
1–2
):
123
31
.
Guyer
,
Jane
, and
Belinga
Samuel M. Eno
.
1995
. “
Wealth in People as Wealth in Knowledge: Accumulation and Composition in Equatorial Africa
.”
Journal of African History
36
(
1
):
91
120
.
Hage
,
Ghassan
.
2013
. “
Eavesdropping on Bourdieu’s Philosophers
.”
Thesis Eleven
114
(
1
):
76
93
.
Han
,
Clara
.
2012
.
Life in Debt: Times of Care and Violence in Neoliberal Chile
.
University of California Press
.
Harbach
,
Chad
.
2008
. “
The End
.”
N+1
, Winter. .
Harman
,
Graham
.
2010
.
Prince of Networks: Bruno Latour and Metaphysics
.
Repress
.
Harms
,
Erik
.
2011
.
Saigon’s Edge: On the Margins of Ho Chi Minh City
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Harris
,
Clive
.
2003
.
Private Participation in Infrastructure in Developing Countries: Trends, Impacts, and Policy Lessons
.
World Bank
.
Harrison
,
Faye
,
Carole
McGranahan
,
Kaifa
Roland
, and
Bianca C.
Williams
.
2016
. “
Decolonizing Anthropology: A Conversation with Faye Harrison Part I
.”
Anthrodendum
(blog),
May
2
. .
Hart
,
Keith
.
1973
. “
Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana
.”
The Journal of Modern African Studies
11
(
1
):
61
89
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
1982
.
The Political Economy of West African Agriculture
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
1986
. “
Heads or Tails? Two Sides of the Coin
.”
Man
21
(
4
):
637
56
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
2000
. “
Kinship, Contract, and Trust: The Economic Organization of Migrants in an African City Slum
.” In
Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations
, edited by
Gambetta
Diego
,
176
93
.
Blackwell
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
2004
. “
From Bell Curve to Power Law: Distributional Models between National and World Society
.”
Social Analysis
48
(
3
):
220
24
.
Hart
,
Keith
.
2005
. “
Notes towards an Anthropology of Money
.”
Kritikos
2
. Accessed April 26, 2022. .
Hart
,
Keith
.
2006
. “
Bureaucratic Form and the Informal Economy
.” In
Linking the Formal and Informal Economies: Examples from Developing Countries
, edited by
Guha-Khasnobis
Basudeb
,
Ravi
Kanbur
, and
Ostrom
Elinor
,
21
35
.
Oxford University Press
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2007
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford University Press
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2012
.
Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution
.
Verso
.
Hasenöhrl
,
Ute
.
2018
. “
Rural Electrification in the British Empire
.”
History of Retailing and Consumption
4
(
1
):
10
27
.
Hay
,
Winston
.
1998
. “
Tanzania: Power Loss Reduction Study. Volume 2: Transmission and Distribution System Reduction of Non-Technical Losses
.”
UNDP/World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Program Report 204B/98
.
Heidenreich
,
Elisabeth
.
2009
. “
Spaces of Flow as Technical and Cultural Mediators between Society and Nature
.”
Environment, Development & Sustainability
11
(
6
):
1145
54
.
Heilman
,
Bruce
.
1998
. “
Who Are the Indigenous Tanzanians? Competing Conceptions of Tanzanian Citizenship in the Business Community
.”
Africa Today
45
(
3–4
):
369
87
.
Hénaff
,
Marcel
.
2013
. “
Living with Others: Reciprocity and Alterity in Lévi-Strauss
.”
Yale French Studies
, no.
123
:
63
82
.
Herzfeld
,
Michael
.
2005
.
Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics of the Nation-State
.
Routledge
.
Hickel
,
Jason
.
2014
. “
Xenophobia in South Africa: Order, Chaos, and the Moral Economy of Witchcraft
.”
Cultural Anthropology
29
(
1
):
103
27
.
High
,
Mette M.
, and
Smith
Jessica M.
.
2019
. “
Introduction: The Ethical Constitution of Energy Dilemmas
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
25
(
1
):
9
28
.
Hilgers
,
Mathieu
.
2011
. “
The Three Anthropological Approaches to Neoliberalism
.”
International Social Science Journal
61
(
202
):
351
64
.
Hilgers
,
Mathieu
.
2012
. “
The Historicity of the Neoliberal State
.”
Social Anthropology
20
(
1
):
80
94
.
Hillewaert
,
Sarah
.
2016
. “
‘Whoever Leaves Their Traditions Is a Slave’: Contemporary Notions of Servitude in an East African Town
.”
Africa
86
(
3
):
425
46
.
Hirschman
,
Albert O.
1970
.
Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organ izations, and States
.
Harvard University Press
.
Hischler
,
Kurt
, and
Hofmeier
Rolf
.
2009
. “
Tanzania
.” In
Africa Yearbook, vol. 5, Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2008
, edited by
Mehler
Andreas
,
Henning
Melber
, and
Walraven
Klaas Van
,
375
86
.
Brill
.
Ho
,
Karen
.
2009
.
Liquidated: An Ethnography of Wall Street
.
Duke University Press
.
Hoag
,
Heather J.
, and
Öhman
May-Britt B.
.
2008
. “
Turning Water into Power: Debates over the Development of Tanzania’s Rufiji River Basin, 1945–1985
.”
Technology and Culture
49
(
3
):
624
51
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
1969
.
Bandits
.
Weidenfeld & Nicolson
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
1984
. “
Artisan or Labour Aristocrat?
The Economic History Review
37
(
3
):
355
72
.
Hoffman
,
Danny
.
2011
.
The War Machines: Young Men and Violence in Sierra Leone and Liberia
.
Duke University Press
.
Holterman
,
Devin
.
2014
. “
Slow Violence, Extraction and Human Rights Defense in Tanzania: Notes from the Field
.”
Resources Policy
40
:
59
65
.
Hojer
,
Lars
, and
Pedersen
Morten Axel
.
2019
.
Urban Hunters: Dealing and Dreaming in Times of Transition
.
Yale University Press
.
Howe
,
Cymene
.
2019
.
Ecologics: Wind and Power in the Anthropocene
.
Duke University Press
.
Howes
,
David
.
2016
. “
The Extended Sensorium: Introduction to the Sensory and Social Thought of François Laplantine
.”
Series editor’s preface to The Life of the Senses: Introduction to a Modal Anthropology, by François Laplantine
,
vii
xiv
.
Bloomsbury
.
Huber
,
Matthew T.
2013
.
Lifeblood: Oil, Freedom, and the Forces of Capital
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Hughes
,
David McDermott
.
2017
.
Energy without Conscience: Oil, Climate Change, and Complicity
.
Duke University Press
.
Hughes
,
Thomas P.
1987
. “
The Evolution of Large Technological Systems
.” In
The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology
, edited by
Hughes
Thomas Parke
,
Pinch
Trevor J.
,
Bijker
Wiebe E.
,
51
82
.
MIT Press
.
Hunter
,
Emma
.
2015
. “
Julius Nyerere, the Arusha Declaration, and the Deep Roots of a Contemporary Political Metaphor
.” In
Remembering Nyerere in Tanzania: History, Memory, Legacy
, edited by
Fouére
Marie-Aude
,
73
96
.
Mkuki na Nyota
.
Hunter
,
Emma
.
2017
.
Political Thought and the Public Sphere in Tanzania: Freedom, Democracy and Citizenship in the Era of Decolonization
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Hunter
,
Mark
.
2010
.
Love in the Time of aids In equality, Gender, and Rights in South Africa
.
Indiana University Press
.
Huntington
,
Samuel P.
1993
.
The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century
.
University of Oklahoma Press
.
Imami
,
Drini
,
Endrit
Lami
,
Edvin
Zhllima
,
Muje
Gjonbalaj
, and
Geoffrey
Pugh
.
2020
. “
Closer to Election, More Light: Electricity Supply and Elections in a Postconflict Transition Economy
.”
Post-Communist Economies
32
(
3
):
376
90
.
Ingold
,
Tim
.
2015
.
The Life of Lines
.
Routledge
.
Institute for Precarious Consciousness
.
2014
. “
Anxiety, Affective Struggle, and Precarity Consciousness-Raising
.”
Interface: A Journal for and about Social Movements
2
(
6
):
271
300
.
International Law and Policy Institute
.
2014
. “
Political Economy Analysis of the Energy Sector in Tanzania
.”
International Law and Policy Institute
.
Isaacman
,
Allen
.
2005
. “
Displaced People, Displaced Energy, and Displaced Memories: The Case of Cahora Bassa, 1970–2004
.”
The International Journal of African Historical Studies
38
(
2
):
201
38
.
Ivaska
,
Andrew
.
2011
.
Cultured States: Youth, Gender, and Modern Style in 1960s Dar es Salaam
.
Duke University Press
.
Jackson
,
Michael
, and
Karp
Ivan
, eds.
1990
.
Personhood and Agency
.
Uppsala University Press
.
Jackson
,
Steven J.
2014
. “
Rethinking Repair
.” In
Media Technologies
, edited by
Gillespie
Tarleton
,
Boczkowski
Pablo J.
, and
Foot
Kirsten A.
,
221
40
.
MIT Press
.
Jackson
,
Steven J.
,
Pompe
Alex
, and
Krieshok
Gabriel
.
2012
. “
Repair Worlds: Maintenance, Repair, and ICT for Development in Rural Namibia
.” In
Proceedings of the ACM 2012 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work
,
107
16
.
ACT
.
Jacome
,
Veronica
, and
Ray
Isha
.
2018
. “
The Prepaid Electric Meter: Rights, Relationships and Reification in Unguja, Tanzania
.”
World Development
105
:
262
72
.
Jakobson
,
Roman
.
1960
. “
Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics
.” In
Style in Language
, edited by
Sebeok
Thomas A.
,
350
377
.
MIT Press
.
Jennings
,
Michael
.
2002
. “
‘Almost an Oxfam in Itself’: Oxfam, Ujamaa and Development in Tanzania
.”
African Affairs
101
(
405
):
509
30
.
Jensen
,
Casper Bruun
, and
Morita
Atsuro
.
2017
. “
Introduction: Infrastructures as Ontological Experiments
.”
Ethnos
82
(
4
):
615
26
.
John
,
Samwel
,
Gordon
McGranahan
,
Mwanakombo
Mkanga
,
Tim
Ndezi
,
Stella
Stephen
, and
Cecilia
Tacoli
.
2020
. “
The Churn of the Land Nexus and Contrasting Gentrification Processes in Dar Es Salaam and Mwanza, Tanzania
.”
Environment and Urbanization
32
(
2
):
429
46
.
Johnson
,
Andrew Alan
.
2013
. “
Progress and its Ruins: Ghosts, Migrants, and the Uncanny in Thailand
.”
Cultural Anthropology
28
(
2
):
299
319
.
Kabwe
,
Zitto
.
2014
. “
How pap Acquired IPTL for Almost Nothing and Looted US$124m from the BoT
.”
TransparentTanzania
(blog),
August
24
. .
Kaika
,
Maria
, and
Swyngedouw
Erik
.
2000
. “
Fetishizing the Modern City: The Phantasmagoria of Urban Technological Networks
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
24
(
1
):
120
38
.
Kapferer
,
Bruce
.
2005
. “
New Formations of Power, the Oligarchic-Corporate State, and Anthropological Ideological Discourse
.”
Anthropological Theory
5
(
3
):
285
99
.
Karp
,
Ivan
.
2002
. “
Development and Personhood
.” In
Critically Modern Alternatives, Alterities, Anthropologies
, edited by
Knauft
Bruce M.
,
62
104
.
Indiana University Press
.
Kasoga
,
Lenny B.
1998
. “
Privatization and Government Regulation of Public Utilities: Just and Reasonable Return—The Case of tanesco
.”
African Journal of Finance and Management
7
(
1
):
33
38
.
Kelsall
,
Tim
.
2002
. “
Shop Windows and Smoke-Filled Rooms: Governance and the Re-Politicisation of Tanzania
.”
The Journal of Modern African Studies
40
(
4
):
597
619
.
Kerner
,
Donna O.
2019
. “
‘Hard Work’ and Informal Sector Trade in Tanzania
.” In
Traders Versus the State
, edited by
Clark
Gracia
,
41
56
.
Routledge
.
Khan
,
Mushtaq H.
2018
. “
Political Settlements and the Analysis of Institutions
.”
African Affairs
117
(
469
):
636
55
.
Khan
,
Naveeda
.
2006
. “
Flaws in the Flow: Roads and Their Modernity in Pakistan
.”
Social Text
24
(
4
):
87
113
.
Khan
,
Naveeda
.
2019
. “
At Play with the Giants: Between the Patchy Anthropocene and Romantic Geology
.”
Current Anthropology
60
(
s20
):
s333
41
.
Kiangi
,
Ludia Stanley
.
2015
. “
Assessing Customer Satisfaction on Electricity Conventional Billing System in Tanzania: The Case of Tanesco Ilala Region
.”
PhD dissertation
,
Open University of Tanzania
.
Klein
,
Naomi
.
2007
.
The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism
.
Macmillan
.
Kockelman
,
Paul
.
2016
. “
Grading, Gradients, Degradation, Grace Part 2: Phenomenology, Materiality, and Cosmology
.”
HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory
6
(
3
):
337
65
.
Kockelman
,
Paul
.
2017
.
The Art of Interpretation in the Age of Computation
.
Oxford University Press
.
Kohn
,
Eduardo
.
2013
.
How Forests Think: Toward an Anthropology Beyond the Human
.
University of California Press
.
Kombe
,
Wilbard Jackson
.
2005
. “
Land Use Dynamics in Peri-Urban Areas and Their Implications on the Urban Growth and Form: The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
.”
Habitat International
29
(
1
):
113
35
.
Kopytoff
,
Igor
.
1986
. “
The Cultural Biography of Things: Commoditization as Process
.” In
The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
64
94
.
Oxford University Press
.
Kornai
,
János
.
1986
. “
The Soft Budget Constraint
.”
Kyklos
39
(
1
):
3
30
.
Kuper
,
Adam
.
1970
. “
Gluckman’s Village Headman
.”
American Anthropologist
72
(
2
):
355
58
.
Kusimba
,
Sibel
.
2020
. “
Embodied Value: Wealth-in-People
.”
Economic Anthropology
7
(
2
):
166
75
.
Kyando
,
Moses
,
Ikanda
Dennis
, and
Røskaft
Eivin
.
2017
. “
Hotspot Elephant-Poaching Areas in the Eastern Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania
.”
African Journal of Ecology
55
(
3
):
365
71
.
Lacan
,
Jacques
.
(1966) 2007
.
Écrits: The First Complete Edition in English
. Translated by
Fink
Bruce
.
Norton
.
Lal
,
Priya
.
2015
.
African Socialism in Postcolonial Tanzania: Between the Village and the World
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Langwick
,
Stacey A.
2007
. “
Devils, Parasites, and Fierce Needles: Healing and the Politics of Translation in Southern Tanzania
.”
Science, Technology & Human Values
32
(
1
):
88
117
.
Laplantine
,
François
.
2016
.
The Life of the Senses: Introduction to a Modal Anthropology
.
Bloomsbury
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
2008
.
Signal and Noise Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria
.
Duke University Press
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
2013
. “
The Politics and Poetics of Infrastructure
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
42
(
1
):
327
43
.
Larkin
,
Brian
.
2018
. “
Promising Forms: The Political Aesthetics of Infrastructure
.” In
The Promise of Infrastructure
, edited by
Anand
Nikhil
,
Akhil
Gupta
, and
Appel
Hannah
,
175
202
.
Duke University Press
.
Latour
,
Bruno
.
1987
. “
The Enlightenment without the Critique: A Word on Michel Serres’ Philosophy
.”
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements
21
:
83
97
.
Latour
,
Bruno
.
2005
.
Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory
.
Oxford University Press
.
Latour
,
Bruno
.
2012
. “
The Modes of Existence Project: An Exercise in Collective Inquiry and Digital Humanities
.” Lecture at University of Cambridge, November 6. Accessed August 29, 2021. .
Corbusier
Le
.
(1923) 2013
.
Towards a New Architecture
.
Dover Publications
.
Lemon
,
Alaina
.
2018
.
Technologies for Intuition: Cold War Circles and Telepathic Rays
.
University of California Press
.
Lennart
,
Larsson
,
Davy
Thomas
,
Mikael
Jönsson
, and
Hagström
Lars
.
2014
. “
Joint Energy Sector Review 2012/2013
.”
Tanzania Ministry of Energy and Minerals/Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
.
Lévi-Strauss
,
Claude
.
1966
.
The Savage Mind
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Lévi-Strauss
,
Claude
.
1969
.
The Elementary Structures of Kinship
.
Beacon Press
.
Lewinson
,
Anne
.
2003
. “
Imagining the Metropolis, Globalizing the Nation: Dar Es Salaam and National Culture in Tanzanian Cartoons
.”
City & Society
15
(
1
):
9
30
.
Lewinson
,
Anne
.
2006a
. “
Domestic Realms, Social Bonds, and Class: Ideologies and Indigenizing Modernity in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines
40
(
3
):
462
95
.
Lewinson
,
Anne
.
2006b
. “
Love in the City: Navigating Multiple Relationships in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
.”
City & Society
18
(
1
):
90
115
.
Littlechild
,
Stephen
, and
Lynne
Kiesling
.
2021
. “
Hayek and the Texas Blackout
.”
The Electricity Journal
34
(
6
):
1
9
. .
Lofchie
,
Michael F.
2014
.
The Political Economy of Tanzania
.
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Lombard
,
Louisa
.
2013
. “
Navigational Tools for Central African Roadblocks
.”
PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review
36
(
1
):
157
73
.
Lombard
,
Louisa
.
2016
. “
Threat Economies and Armed Conservation in Northeastern Central African Republic
.”
Geoforum
69
:
218
26
.
Lukumai
,
Emmanuel
.
2006
. “
The Implementation of Civil Service Reforms in Tanzania, 1991–2000
.”
Master’s thesis
,
University of Bergen
.
Lyons
,
Kristin
.
2020
.
Vital Decomposition: Soil Practitioners and Life Politics
.
Duke University Press
.
Maddox
,
Gregory
, and
Giblin
James Leonard
, eds.
2005
.
In Search of a Nation: Histories of Authority & Dissidence in Tanzania
.
James Currey Ltd
.
Mains
,
Daniel
.
2019
.
Under Construction: Technologies of Development in Urban Ethiopia
.
Duke University Press
.
Malinowski
,
Bronislaw
.
(1922) 2002
.
Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea
.
Routledge
.
Malinowski
,
Bronislaw
.
(1923) 1972
. “
Phatic Communion
.” In
Communication in Face to Face Interaction
, edited by
Laver
John
and
Hutcheson
Sandy
,
146
52
.
Penguin
.
Mampilly
,
Zachariah
.
2013
. “
Accursed by Man, Not God: The Fight for Tanzania’s Gas Lands
.”
Warscapes
,
August
20
. .
Marcus
,
George E.
1995
. “
Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-Sited Ethnography
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
24
:
95
117
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
(1852) 2008
.
The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
.
Wildside Press
.
Massumi
,
Brian
.
2017
.
The Principle of Unrest: Activist Philosophy in the Expanded Field
.
University of Minnesota Press
.
Mathews
,
Gordon
, and
Yang
Yang
.
2012
. “
How Africans Pursue Low-End Globalization in Hong Kong and Mainland China
.”
Journal of Current Chinese Affairs
41
(
2
):
95
120
.
Matiku
,
Emmanuel
,
Mbwambo
Andrew
, and
Kimeme
Joseph
.
2011
. “
Rent-Seeking Behaviour and the Organisation of Utilities
.” In
Theories and Stories in African Public Administration
, edited by
Itika
Josephat
,
de Ridder
Ko
, and
Tollenaa
Albertian
,
189
203
.
Leiden African Studies Centre
.
Maurer
,
Bill
.
2012
. “
Payment: Forms and Functions of Value Transfer in Contemporary Society
.”
Cambridge Anthropology
30
(
2
):
15
35
.
Mauss
,
Marcel
.
(1925) 2016
.
The Gift: Expanded Edition
. Translated by
Guyer
Jane
.
HAU Books
.
Mauss
,
Marcel
.
1973
. “
Techniques of the Body
.”
Economy and Society
2
(
1
):
70
88
.
Mazrui
,
Ali
.
1967
. “
Tanzaphilia
.”
Transition
, no.
31
:
20
26
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.
2017
.
The Mana of Mass Society
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
2001
.
On the Postcolony
.
University of California Press
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
2021
.
Out of the Dark Night: Essays on Decolonization
.
Columbia University Press
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
, and
Nuttall
Sarah
.
2004
. “
Writing the World from an African Metropolis
.”
Public Culture
16
(
3
):
347
72
.
Mbilinyi
,
Tumaini
.
2013
. “
Assessment of Revenue Collections at Government Agencies in Tanzania: The Case of Tanzania Electricity Supply Company Limited (Tanesco)
.”
PhD dissertation
,
Mzumbe University
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
1999
. “
Durkheim and Heidegger: Two Social Ontologies and Some Implications
.”
Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford
29
(
2
):
105
20
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2010
.
Making War in Cote d’Ivoire
.
University of Chicago Press
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2012a
. “
Turning the Clock Back or Breaking with the Past? Charismatic Temporality and Elite Politics in Côte d’Ivoire and the United States
.”
Cultural Anthropology
27
(
2
):
239
60
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2012b
.
Unmasking the State: Making Guinea Modern
.
University of Chicago Press
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2015
. “
Liberty and Moral Ambivalence: Postsocialist Transitions, Refugee Hosting, and Bodily Comportment in the Republic of Guinea
.”
American Ethnologist
42
(
2
):
247
61
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2017
.
A Socialist Peace? Explaining the Absence of War in an African Country
.
University of Chicago Press
.
McKay
,
Ramah
.
2017
.
Medicine in the Meantime: The Work of Care in Mozambique
.
Duke University Press
.
Melly
,
Caroline
.
2017
.
Bottleneck: Moving, Building, and Belonging in an African City
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Mercer
,
Claire
.
2003
. “
Performing Partnership: Civil Society and the Illusions of Good Governance in Tanzania
.”
Political Geography
22
(
7
):
741
63
.
Mercer
,
Claire
.
2020
. “
Boundary Work: Becoming Middle Class in Suburban Dar Es Salaam
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
44
(
3
):
521
36
.
Middleton
,
John
.
1994
.
The World of the Swahili: An African Mercantile Civilization
.
Yale University Press
.
Middleton
,
Townsend
, and
Cons
Jason
.
2014
. “
Coming to Terms: Reinserting Research Assistants into Ethnography’s Past and Pre sent
.”
Ethnography
15
(
3
):
279
90
.
Miers
,
Suzanne
, and
Kopytoff
Igor
, eds.
1979
.
Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives
.
University of Wisconsin Press
.
Min
,
Brian
, and
Golden
Miriam
.
2014
. “
Electoral Cycles in Electricity Losses in India
.”
Energy Policy
65
:
619
25
.
Mitchell
,
Timothy
.
2011
.
Carbon Democracy: Political Power in the Age of Oil
.
Verso
.
Mkobya
,
Juma F.
,
Kashaigili
Oscar
,
Lusajo K.
Mkwakaliku
,
Mbayani Y.
Saruni
,
Omary H.
Juma
,
Rustis S.
Bernard
,
John I.
Kabadi
et al
.
2013
. “
Executive Summary of the Power System Master Plan 2012 Update
.”
The United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Energy and Minerals
.
Molony
,
Tom
.
2014
.
Nyerere: The Early Years
.
Boydell & Brewer Ltd
.
Munn
,
Nancy D.
(1976) 1992
.
The Fame of Gawa: A Symbolic Study of Value Transformation in a Massim (Papua New Guinea) Society
.
Duke University Press
.
Must
,
Elise
.
2018
. “
Structural In equality, Natural Resources and Mobilization in Southern Tanzania
.”
African Affairs
117
(
466
):
83
108
.
Mutahaba
,
Gelase
.
2005
. “
Pay Reform and Corruption in Tanzania’s Public Service
.”
Paper presented at Seminar on Potential for Public Service Pay Reform to Eradicate Corruption among Public Servants in Tanzania
.
Economic and Social Research Foundation, Dar es Salaam
,
May 26
.
Mwakikagile
,
Godfrey
.
2006
.
Tanzania under Mwalimu Nyerere: Reflections on an African Statesman
.
New Africa Press
.
Mwinami
,
Stella
.
2014
. “
An Assessment of the Effect of Workforce Diversity on Employee Per for mance at Tanesco
.”
PhD dissertation
,
Mzumbe University
.
Myhre
,
Knut Christian
.
2017
.
Returning Life: Language, Life Force and History in Kilimanjaro
.
Berghahn Books
.
Nagar
,
Richa
.
1996
. “
The South Asian Diaspora in Tanzania: A History Retold
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
16
(
2
):
62
80
.
Neuwirth
,
Robert
.
2011
.
Stealth of Nations: The Global Rise of the Informal Economy
.
Pantheon Books
.
Newell
,
Sasha
.
2006
. “
Estranged Belongings: A Moral Economy of Theft in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Anthropological Theory
6
(
2
):
179
203
.
Newell
,
Sasha
.
2007
. “
Pentecostal Witchcraft: Neoliberal Possession and Demonic Discourse in Ivoirian Pentecostal Churches
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
37
(
4
):
461
90
.
Newell
,
Sasha
.
2012
.
The Modernity Bluff: Crime, Consumption, and Citizenship in Côte D’Ivoire
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Ngonyani
,
Deogratis
.
2002
. “
Ujamaa [Socialism] Metaphors: The Basis of President Nyerere’s Political Terminology
.” In
Surviving through Obliqueness; Language of Politics in Emerging Democracies
, edited by
Obeng
Samuel Gyasi
and
Hartford
Beverly
,
31
43
.
Nova Science
.
Nguyen
,
Vinh-Kim
.
2017
. “
Viral Speed: Infrastructure, Connectivity, Ontogeny; or, Notes on the Molecular Epidemiology of Epidemics
.”
Cultural Anthropology
32
(
1
):
28
34
.
Nordstrom
,
Carolyn
.
2004
.
Shadows of War: Violence, Power, and International Profiteering in the Twenty-First Century
.
University of California Press
.
Nyamnjoh
,
Francis B.
2002
. “
‘A Child is One Person’s Only in the Womb’: Domestication, Agency and Subjectivity in the Cameroonian Grassfields
.” In
Postcolonial Subjectivities in Africa
, edited by
Werbner
Richard
,
111
138
.
Zed Books
.
Nyamnjoh
,
Francis B.
2017
. “
Incompleteness: Frontier Africa and the Currency of Conviviality
.”
Journal of Asian and African Studies
52
(
3
):
253
70
.
Nyerere
,
Julius K.
1968
.
Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism
.
Oxford University Press
.
Öhman
,
May-Britt
.
2007
. “
Taming Exotic Beauties: Swedish Hydro Power Constructions in Tanzania in the Era of Development Assistance, 1960s–1990s
.”
PhD dissertation
,
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
.
Ojambo
,
Robert
.
2016
. “
The Arab Springs and the ‘Walk to Work’ Movement in Uganda: Contest for Political Space and Freedom
.”
African Journal of Education, Science and Technology
3
(
1
):
27
38
.
Ong
,
Aiwha
.
2006
.
Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
.
Duke University Press
.
Oonk
,
Gijsbert
.
2009
.
The Karimjee Jivanjee Family: Merchant Princes of East Africa 1800–2000
.
Pallas Publications
.
Özden-Schilling
,
Canay
.
2021
.
The Current Economy: Electricity Markets and Technoeconomics
.
Stanford University Press
.
Paget
,
Dan
.
2021
. “
Tanzania: The Authoritarian Landslide
.”
Journal of Democracy
32
(
2
):
61
76
.
Pandian
,
Anand
.
2014
. “
In the Event of an Anthropological Thought
.” In
Wording the World: Veena Das and Scenes of Inheritance
, edited by
Chatterjee
Roma
,
258
72
.
Fordham University Press
.
Parks
,
Lisa
, and
Rachel
Thompson
.
2020
. “
Internet Shutdown in Africa: The Slow Shutdown: Information and Internet Regulation in Tanzania From 2010 to 2018 and Impacts on Online Content Creators
.”
International Journal of Communication
14
:
4288
308
.
Parpart
,
Jane L.
1984
. “
The ‘ Labor Aristocracy’ Debate in Africa: The Copperbelt Case, 1924–1967
.”
African Economic History
, no.
13
:
171
91
.
Parry
,
Jonathan
, and
Bloch
Maurice
.
1989
.
Money and the Morality of Exchange
.
Cambridge University Press
.
Perez
,
APC.
2018
. “
Isolated Grid Optimization (IGO) Tanzania, Tanesco Isolated Diesel Mini-Grids located in Liwale, Loliondo, Kasulu, Kibondo, and Mapanda
.
USAID
. Accessed November 13, 2021. .
Peters
,
John Durham
.
2015
.
The Marvelous Clouds: Toward a Philosophy of Elemental Media
.
University of Chicago Press
.
Petit
,
Pierre
, and
Mutambwa
Georges Mulumbwa
.
2005
. “
La Crise?’: Lexicon and Ethos of the Second Economy in Lubumbashi
.”
Africa
75
(
4
):
467
87
.