Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.
This content is only available as PDF.

References

Acharya
,
Viral V.
,
Philippon
Thomas
,
Richardson
Matthew
, and
Roubini
Nouriel
.
2009
. “
The Financial Crisis of 2007–2009: Causes and Remedies
.” In
Restoring Financial Stability: How to Repair a Failed System
, edited by
Acharya
Viral V.
and
Richardson
Matthew
2009
,
1
56
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Acharya
,
Viral V.
, and
Richardson
Matthew
, eds.
2009
.
Restoring Financial Stability: How to Repair a Failed System
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Allon
,
Fiona
.
2010
. “
Speculating on Everyday Life: The Cultural Economy of the Quotidian
.”
Journal of Communication Inquiry
34
, no.
4
:
366
81
.
Allon
,
Fiona
, and
Redden
Guy
.
2012
. “
The Global Financial Crisis and the Culture of Continual Growth
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
5
, no.
4
:
375
90
.
Amoore
,
Louise
.
2013
.
The Politics of Possibility: Risk and Security beyond Probability
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Anthony
,
Sebastian
.
2014
. “
New Laser Network between nyse and nasdaq Will Allow High-Frequency Traders to Make Even More Money
.” .
February
14
. .
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1986
. “
Introduction: Commodities and the Politics of Value
.”In
The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
3
63
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Ascher
,
Ivan
.
2016
.
Portfolio Society: On the Capitalist Mode of Prediction
.
New York
:
Zone Books
.
Ashcraft
,
Adam B.
, and
Schuermann
Til
.
2008
. “
Understanding the Securitization of Subprime Mortgage Credit
.”
Federal Reserve Bank of New York Staff Reports
318
.
New York
.
Baradaran
,
Mehrsa
.
2017
.
The Color of Money: Black Banks and the Racial Wealth Gap
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
.
Baucom
,
Ian
.
2005
.
Specters of the Atlantic: Finance Capital, Slavery, and the Philosophy of History
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Benmelech
,
Efraim
, and
Dlugosz
Jennifer
.
2009
. “
The Alchemy of CDO Credit Ratings
.”
Journal of Monetary Economics
56
, no.
2
:
617
34
.
Bern stein
,
Peter L.
1998
.
Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Besanko
,
David
, and
Braeutigam
Ronald
.
2008
.
Microeconomics
. 3rd ed.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Beunza
,
Daniel
,
Hardie
Ian
, and
MacKenzie
Donald
.
2006
. “
A Price Is a Social Thing: Towards a Material Sociology of Arbitrage
.”
Organization Studies
27
, no.
5
:
722
41
.
Beunza
,
Daniel
, and
Stark
David
.
2004
. “
Tools of the Trade: The Socio-Technology of Arbitrage in a Wall Street Trading Room
.”
Industrial and Corporate Change
13
, no.
2
:
369
400
.
The Big Short
.
2015
. Directed by
McKay
Adam
.
Los Angeles
:
Paramount Pictures
.
DVD
.
Billingsley
,
Randall S.
2006
.
Understanding Arbitrage: An Intuitive Approach to Investment Analysis
.
Upper Saddle River, NJ
:
Wharton School Publications
.
Bishop-Henchman
,
Joseph
, and
Drenkard
Scott
.
2014
. “
Cigarette Taxes and Cigarette Smuggling by State
.” .
March
19
. .
Black
,
Fischer
, and
Scholes
Myron
.
1973
. “
The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities
.”
Journal of Political Economy
81
, no.
3
:
637
54
.
Bodie
,
Zvi
,
Kane
Alex
, and
Marcus
Alan J.
.
2009
.
Investments
. 8th ed.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Branson
,
William H.
1975
. “
Monetarist and Keynesian Models of the Transmission of Inflation
.”
American Economic Review
65
, no.
2
:
115
19
.
Braverman
,
Harry
.
1998
.
Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
Bryan
,
Dick
, and
Rafferty
Michael
.
2007
. “
Financial Derivatives and the Theory of Money
.”
Economy and Society
36
, no.
1
:
134
58
.
Bryan
,
Dick
, and
Rafferty
Michael
.
2013
. “
Fundamental Value: A Category in Transformation
.”
Economy and Society
42
, no.
1
:
130
53
.
Bryan
,
Dick
, and
Rafferty
Michael
.
2018
.
Risking Together: How Finance Is Dominating Everyday Life in Australia
.
Sydney
:
Sydney University Press
.
Bureau of Labor Statistics
.
2012
. “
Table 2. Retirement Benefits: Access, Participation, and Takeup Rates, Private Industry Workers
.”
National Compensation Survey
. .
Butrica
,
Barbara A.
,
Iams
Howard M.
,
Smith
Karen E.
, and
Toder
Erik J.
.
2007
. “
The Disappearing Defined Benefit Pension and Its Potential Impact on the Retirement Incomes of Baby Boomers
.”
Social Security Bulletin
69
, no.
3
. .
Calder
,
Lendol
.
1999
.
Financing the American Dream: A Cultural History of Consumer Credit
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Calhoun
,
Michael
.
2018
. “
Lessons from the Financial Crisis: The Central Importance of a Sustainable, Affordable and Inclusive Housing Market
.”
Brookings Institution
.
September
5
. .
Carey
,
James W.
1992
.
Communication as Culture: Essays on Media and Society
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Chandrashekaran
,
Vinod
.
1998
. “
October’s Market Demons: The ’87 Stock Market Crash and Likelihood of a Recurrence
.”
Risk and Rewards Newsletter, Society of Actuaries
31
.
Chappe
,
Raphaële
,
Nell
Edward
, and
Semmler
Willi
.
2013
. “
The Financial Crisis of 2008 as Cognitive Failure: An Overview of Risk over Uncertainty
.”
Berkeley Journal of Sociology
57
:
9
39
.
Chase Private Client tv Commercial, ‘Plan Yourself Free’
.”
2019
. .
Chen
,
Natasha
,
Cifuentes
Arturo
,
Desai
Manish
, and
Ray
Anik
.
2005
. “
The Young and the Restless: Correlation Drama at the Big Three Rating Agencies
.”
Wachovia Securities
,
New York
,
February
22
.
Closed-End Fund
.”
2018
.
Investopedia.com. Reviewed by James Chen
.
February
7
. .
Colander
,
David C.
, and
Landreth
Harry
.
2001
.
History of Economic Thought
.
New York
:
Cengage Learning
.
The Complex Story of American Debt: Liabilities in Family Balance Sheets
.
2015
.
Pew Charitable Trusts
.
July
. .
Consumer Price Indexes
.”
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
. Accessed October 30, 2020. .
Cooper
,
Melinda
.
2017
.
Family Values: Between Neoliberalism and the New Social Conservatism
.
New York
:
Zone Books
.
Covey
,
David
,
Koss
Michael
,
Mago
Akhil
,
Vaidya
Jasraj
,
Zola
Brian
,
Sabarwal
Rahul
,
Kazarian
Dick
,
Mingelgrin
Dan
,
Risa
Stefano
,
Huang
Vivien
,
Brav
Omar
, and
Ciampini
Gaetan
.
2006
. “
ABS CDOS—A Primer
.”
Lehman Brothers Fixed Income: U.S. Securitized Products Research
.
Credit Suisse Pleads Guilty to Tax Crime Charges. But Is Anyone Going to Jail?
2014
.
Audio recording, produced by Christopher Woolf
.
PRI’s The World
.
May
20
,
2014
. .
Curran
,
Rob
.
2013
. “
Make $377, 000 Trading Apple in One Day
.”
Term Sheet
.
Fortune
,
August
30
,
2013
. .
Dannhauser
,
Bob
.
2014
. “
Debating Michael Lewis’s ‘Flash Boys’: High-Frequency Trading Not All Bad
.”
Market Integrity Insights
.
CFA Institute
,
April
7
,
2014
. .
de Goede
,
Marieke
.
2005
.
Virtue, Fortune and Faith: A Genealogy of Finance
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Félix
.
2007
.
A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia
. Translated by
Massumi
Brian
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
De Long
,
J. Bradford
,
Shleifer
Andrei
,
Summers
Lawrence H.
, and
Waldmann
Robert J.
.
1990
. “
Noise Trader Risk in Financial Markets
.”
Journal of Political Economy
98
, no.
4
:
703
38
.
Derman
,
Emanuel
.
2013
. “
Lecture 1: The Principles of Valuation
.”
Handout
,
Columbia University
,
New York
.
DeSilver
,
Drew
.
2018
. “
For Most U.S. Workers, Real Wages Have Barely Budged in Decades
.”
Pew Research Center
.
August
7
,
2018
. .
Docters
,
Robert
,
Barzelay
Michael
,
Hanson
John G.
, and
Nguyen
Cecilia
.
2012
.
Contextual Pricing: The Death of List Price and the New Market Reality
.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Duménil
,
Gérard
, and
Lévy
Dominique
.
2011
.
The Crisis of Neoliberalism
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Dwyer
,
Rachel
.
2018
. “
Credit, Debt, and Inequality
.”
Annual Review of Sociology
44
, no.
1
:
237
61
.
Dymski
,
Gary
,
Hernandez
Jesus
, and
Mohanty
Lisa
.
2013
. “
Race, Gender, Power, and the US Subprime Mortgage and Foreclosure Crisis: A Meso Analysis
.”
Feminist Economics
19
, no.
3
:
124
51
.
Einzig
,
Paul
.
1970
.
The History of Foreign Exchange
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
.
Emery
,
Henry Crosby
.
1896
.
Speculation on the Stock and Produce Exchange of the United States
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
ETRADE—Yacht Life
.”
2017
.
YouTube
.
August
17
. .
Fair Lending—Fair Lending Laws and Regulations
.”
2015
.
FDIC Consumer Compliance Examination Manual
.
September
. .
Fama
,
Eugene
.
1970
. “
Efficient Capital Markets: A Review of Theory and Empirical Work
.”
Journal of Finance
25
, no.
2
:
383
417
.
Fidelity Investments TV Commercial, ‘Clear and Straightforward Retirement Tools’
.”
2017
.
iSpot.tv
. .
Foster
,
John Bellamy
, and
Magdoff
Fred
.
2009
.
The Great Financial Crisis: Causes and Consequences
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
Fox
,
Justin
.
2009
.
The Myth of the Rational Market: A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street
.
New York
:
Harper Business
.
Friedman
,
Milton
.
1962
. “
The Methodology of Positive Economics
.” In
Essays in Positive Economics
,
3
43
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Frotman
,
Seth
.
2018
. “
Broken Promises: How Debt-Financed Higher Education Rewrote America’s Social Contract and Fueled a Quiet Crisis
.”
Utah Law Review
4
:
811
46
. .
Anna
G.
2018
. “
Shocking Facts about Average Credit Card Debt
.” .
December
18
. .
The Giant Pool of Money
.”
2008
.
This American Life
.
WBEZ Chicago, Chicago Public Media
.
Produced by Ira Glass
.
May
9
. .
Gibson-Graham
,
J. K.
1996
.
The End of Capitalism (as We Knew It): A Feminist Critique of Political Economy
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Global CDO Issuance and Outstanding
.”
2015
.
Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association
.
January
13
. Accessed July 19, 2016. .
Goodman
,
Laurie S.
2002
. “
Synthetic CDOS: An Introduction
.”
Journal of Derivatives
9
, no.
3
:
60
72
.
Gosselin
,
Peter
.
2008
.
High Wire: The Precarious Financial Lives of American Families
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
Gramlich
,
Edward M.
2007
.
Subprime Mortgages: America’s Latest Boom and Bust
.
Washington, DC
:
Urban Institute Press
.
Grawert
,
Ames
, and
Lau
Tim
.
2019
. “
How the first step Act Became Law—and What Happens Next
.”
Brennan Center for Justice
.
January
4
. .
Green
,
Richard K.
, and
Wachter
Susan M.
.
2005
. “
The American Mortgage in Historical and International Context
.”
Journal of Economic Perspectives
19
, no.
4
:
93
114
.
Greenspan
,
Alan
.
1996
. “
The Challenge of Central Banking in a Democratic Society
.”
Remarks at the Annual Dinner and Francis Boyer Lecture of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
,
Washington, DC
,
December 5
. .
Gromb
,
Denis
, and
Vayanos
Dimitri
.
2010
. “
Limits of Arbitrage: The State of the Theory
.”
NBER Working Paper no. 15821
.
Grossberg
,
Lawrence
.
1992
.
We Gotta Get out of This Place: Popular Conservatism and Postmodern Culture
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Grossberg
,
Lawrence
.
2017
. “
Wrestling with the Angels of Cultural Studies
.”In
Stuart Hall: Conversations, Projects and Legacies
, edited by
Morley
David
and
Henriques
Julian
,
107
16
.
London
:
Goldsmiths Press
.
Grossberg
,
Lawrence
,
Hardin
Carolyn
, and
Palm
Michael
.
2014
. “
Contributions to a Conjunctural Theory of Valuation
.”
Rethinking Marxism
26
, no.
3
:
306
35
.
Hacker
,
Jacob S.
2006
.
The Great Risk Shift: The Assault on American Jobs, Families, Health Care, and Retirement and How You Can Fight Back
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hardie
,
Ian
.
2004
. “
‘The Sociology of Arbitrage’: A Comment on MacKenzie
.”
Economy and Society
33
, no.
2
:
244
50
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
.
2014
. “
Neoliberal Temporality: Time-Sense and the Shift from Pensions to 401(k)s
.”
American Quarterly
66
, no.
1
:
95
118
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
.
2017
. “
The Politics of Finance: Cultural Economy, Cultural Studies and the Road Ahead
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
10
, no.
4
:
325
38
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
, and
Rottinghaus
Adam
.
2015
. “
Introducing a Cultural Approach to Technology in Financial Markets
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
8
, no.
5
:
547
63
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
, and
Rottinghaus
Adam
.
2020
. “
Risk and Arbitrage
.” In
Routledge Handbook for Critical Finance Studies
, edited by
Wosnitzer
Robert
and
Borch
Christian
,
115
34
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Harvey
,
David
.
1982
.
The Limits to Capital
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hayek
,
Friedrich A. von
.
1945
. “
The Use of Knowledge in Society
.”
American Economic Review
35
, no.
4
:
519
30
.
Hayek
,
Friedrich A. von
.
[1944] 2007
.
The Road to Serfdom
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Holmes
,
Debbie
.
2019
. “
Changes in Ohio Short-Term Lending Law Create New Loan Landscape
.”
Cincinnati Public Radio
.
October
21
. .
Home Ownership and President Bush
.”
2011
.
YouTube Video 6, no. 50
.
October
29
. .
Houge
,
Todd
, and
Wellman
Jay
.
2005
. “
Fallout from the Mutual Fund Trading Scandal
.”
Journal of Business Ethics
62
, no.
2
:
129
39
.
Hull
,
John C.
2008
.
Fundamentals of Futures and Options Markets
. 6th ed.
Upper Saddle River, NJ
:
Prentice Hall
.
Hull
,
John C.
2009
.
Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives
. 7th ed.
Pearson International Edition
.
Upper Saddle River, NJ
:
Prentice Hall
.
Hyman
,
Louis
.
2011
.
Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Ickes
,
Harold
.
1953
.
The Secret Diary of Harold Ickes
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
.
Ingham
,
Geoffrey
.
2004
.
The Nature of Money
.
Malden, MA
:
Polity Press
.
Inside Job
.
2011
. Directed by
Ferguson
Charles
.
New York
:
Sony Pictures Classics
.
DVD
.
Investment Company Institute
.
2018
. “
Retirement Assets Total $29.2 Trillion in Third Quarter
.”
December
20
.
Isard
,
Peter
.
1977
. “
How Far Can We Push the ‘Law of One Price’?
American Economic Review
67
, no.
5
:
942
48
.
Jarrow
,
Robert A.
2012
. “
The Role of ABS, CDS, and CDOS in the Credit Crisis and the Economy
.”
Paper presented at Rethinking Finance: Perspectives on the Crisis
.
New York
.
April 13
.
Joseph
,
Miranda
.
2014
.
Debt to Society: Accounting for Life under Capitalism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Kear
,
Mark
.
2013
. “
Governing Homo Subprimicus: Beyond Financial Citizenship, Exclusion, and Rights
.”
Antipode
45
, no.
4
:
926
46
.
Kerr
,
Janet E.
, and
Maguire
John C.
.
1988
. “
Program Trading—A Critical Analysis
.”
Wash-ington and Lee Law Review
45
, no.
3
:
991
1030
.
Keynes
,
John Maynard
.
1921
.
A Treatise on Probability
.
London
:
Macmillan
.
Keynes
,
John Maynard
.
1936
.
The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money
.
London
:
Macmillan
.
Kirzner
,
Israel M.
2008
. “
The Alert and Creative Entrepreneur: A Clarification
.”
IFN Working Paper No. 760
.
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)
. .
Kiyosaki
,
Robert T.
, and
Lechter
Sharon L.
.
1998
.
Rich Dad, Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids about Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!
Paradise Valley, AZ
:
TechPress
.
Knight
,
Frank H.
[1921] 2014
.
Risk, Uncertainty and Profit
.
Eastford, CT
:
Martino Fine Books
.
Kothari
,
Vinod
.
2006
.
Securitization: The Financial Instrument of the Future
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Kwak
,
James
.
2017
.
Economism: Bad Economics and the Rise of Inequality
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
.
Langley
,
Paul
.
2008
.
The Everyday Life of Global Finance: Saving and Borrowing in Anglo-America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Lapavitsas
,
Costas
.
2009
. “
Financialised Capitalism: Crisis and Financial Expropriation
.”
Historical Materialism
17
, no.
2
:
114
48
.
Latané
,
Henry A.
, and
Rendleman
Richard J.
Jr.
1976
. “
Standard Deviations of Stock Price Ratios Implied in Option Prices
.”
Journal of Finance
3
, no.
2
:
369
81
.
Lauer
,
Josh
.
2017
.
Creditworthy: A History of Consumer Surveillance and Financial Identity in America
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Lee
,
Benjamin
.
2016
. “
From Primitives to Derivatives
.”In
Derivatives and the Wealth of Societies
, edited by
Lee
and
Martin
,
2016
,
82
139
.
Lee
,
Benjamin
, and
Martin
Randy
.
2016
.
Derivatives and the Wealth of Societies
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Levitin
,
Michael
.
2015
. “
The Triumph of Occupy Wall Street
.”
Atlantic
,
June
10
,
2015
. .
Lewis
,
Michael
.
2014
.
Flash Boys: A Wall Street Revolt
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
LiPuma
,
Edward
, and
Lee
Benjamin
.
2004
.
Financial Derivatives and the Globalization of Risk
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2003
. “
Long-Term Capital Management and the Sociology of Arbitrage
.”
Economy and Society
32
, no.
3
:
349
80
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2006
.
An Engine, Not a Camera: How Financial Models Shape Markets
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2011
. “
The Credit Crisis as a Problem in the Sociology of Knowledge
.”
American Journal of Sociology
116
, no.
6
:
1778
841
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2012
. “
Knowledge Production in Financial Markets: Credit Default Swaps, the abx and the Subprime Crisis
.”
Economy and Society
41
, no.
3
:
335
59
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
,
Beunza
Daniel
,
Millo
Yuval
, and
Pado-Guerra
Juan Pablo
.
2012
. “
Drilling through the Allegheny Mountains
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
5
, no.
3
:
279
96
.
Madden
,
Mary
,
Gilman
Michelle
,
Levy
Karen
, and
Marwick
Alice
.
2017
. “
Privacy, Poverty and Big Data: A Matrix of Vulnerabilities for Poor Americans
.”
Washington University Law Review
95
:
53
125
.
Mandel
,
Ernest
.
1990
. “
Communism
.”In
Marxian Economics
, edited by
Eatwell
John
,
Milgate
Murray
, and
Newman
Peter
,
87
90
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
Mann
,
Geoff
.
2010a
. “
Hobbes’ Redoubt? Toward a Geography of Monetary Policy
.”
Progress in Human Geography
34
, no.
5
:
601
25
.
Mann
,
Geoff
.
2010b
. “
Value after Lehman
.”
Historical Materialism
18
, no.
4
:
172
88
.
Manning
,
Robert D.
2000
.
Credit Card Nation: The Consequences of America’s Addiction to Credit
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
Marazzi
,
Christian
.
2011
.
The Violence of Financial Capitalism
. Translated by
Lebedeva
Kristena
and
McGimsey
Jason Francis
.
Los Angeles
:
Semiotext(e)
.
Marron
,
Donncha
.
2007
. “
‘Lending by Numbers’: Credit Scoring and the Constitution of Risk within American Consumer Credit
.”
Economy and Society
36
, no.
1
:
103
33
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
1973
.
Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Rough Draft)
. Translated by
Nicolaus
Martin
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
[1867] 2003
.
Capital. Vol. 1, A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production
. Edited by
Engels
Friedrich
.
New York
:
International Publishers
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
[1894] 1991
.
Capital. Vol. 3, The Process of Capitalist Production as a Whole
. Edited by
Engels
Friedrich
.
New York
:
Penguin Classics
.
McCabe
,
Patrick
.
2009
. “
The Economics of the Mutual Fund Trading Scandal
.”
Federal Reserve Board
,
Finance and Economics Discussion Series Working Paper No. 2009-06
,
14
.
Meister
,
Robert
.
2016
. “
Liquidity
.”In
Derivatives and the Wealth of Societies
, edited by
Lee
and
Martin
,
143
73
.
Melamed
,
Jodi
.
2006
. “
The Spirit of Neoliberalism: From Racial Liberalism to Neoliberal Multiculturalism
.”
Social Text
24
, no.
4
:
1
24
.
Melamed
,
Jodi
.
2011
.
Represent and Destroy: Rationalizing Violence in the New Racial Capitalism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Merton
,
Robert
.
1973
. “
Theory of Rational Option Pricing
.”
Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science
4
, no.
1
:
141
83
.
Michie
,
Ranald C.
1987
.
The London and New York Stock Exchanges, 1850–1914
.
London
:
Allen and Unwin
.
Militello
,
Frederick C.
Jr.
,
1984
. “
Growth of Arbitrage Changing Financial Management Practice
.”
AMA Forum
73
, no.
9
.
Millstein
,
Ira
.
1972
. “
Hearing on Availability of Credit to Women
.”
Unpublished. Folder “Hearings and Related Records Availability of Credit to Women”, box 35
.
RG Recorda of the National Commission of Consumer Finance, 1970–72, NARA, 3
.
May
22
.
Mirowski
,
Philip
.
2009
. “
Postface: Defining Neoliberalism
.” In
Mirowski
and
Plehwe
,
The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
417
54
.
Mirowski
,
Philip
, and
Plehwe
Dieter
, eds.
2009
.
The Road from Mont Pelerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Mirowski
,
Philip
.
2009
. “
Postface: Defining Neoliberalism
.” In
The Road from Mont Pelerin
, edited by
Mirowksi
Philip
and
Plehwe
Dieter
,
417
54
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Mishel
,
Lawrence
, and
Sabadish
Natalie
.
2012
. “
ceo Pay and the Top 1%: How Executive Compensation and Financial-Sector Pay Have Fueled Income Inequality
.”
Economic Policy Institute Report: Inequality and Poverty
.
May
2
. .
Miyazaki
,
Hirokazu
.
2007
. “
Between Arbitrage and Speculation: An Economy of Belief and Doubt
.”
Economy and Society
36
, no.
3
:
396
415
.
Miyazaki
,
Hirokazu
.
2013
.
Arbitraging Japan: Dreams of Capitalism at the End of Finance
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Modigliani
,
Franco
, and
Miller
Merton H.
.
1958
. “
The Cost of Capital, Corporation Finance and the Theory of Investment
.”
American Economic Review
48
, no.
3
:
261
97
.
Nichols
,
Robert
.
2018
. “
Theft Is Property! The Recursive Logic of Dispossession
.”
Political Theory
46
, no.
1
:
3
28
.
Nocera
,
Joseph
.
1994
.
A Piece of the Action: How the Middle Class Joined the Money Class
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
.
Northwestern Mutual tv Commercial, ‘Spend Your Life Living: Ocean’ Song by Cobra Starship
.”
2017
.
iSpot.tv
. .
Occupy Wall Street: We are the 99%
.” . Accessed February 27, 2019. .
O’Hara
,
Maureen
.
2016
.
Something for Nothing: Arbitrage and Ethics on Wall Street
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
O’Shea
,
Arielle
.
2019
. “
The Average 401(k) Balance by Age
.”
NerdWallet
.
January
24
. .
Open-End Fund
.”
2018
.
Investopedia.com. Reviewed by James Chen
.
February
26
. .
Ott
,
Julia
.
2015
. “
Slaves: The Capital that Made Capitalism, a Re-Post
.”
Public Seminar
.
August
20
. .
Parisi
,
Francis
.
2004
. “
Loss Correlations among U.S. Consumer Assets
.”
Standard & Poor’s
,
New York
.
February
.
Peters
,
John Durham
.
2006
. “
Technology and Ideology: The Case of the Telegraph Revisited
.”In
Thinking with James Carey: Essays on Communications, Transportation, History
, edited by
Packer
Jeremy
and
Robertson
Craig
,
137
56
.
New York
:
Peter Lang
.
Piwowar
,
Michael S.
2017
. “
sec-nyu Dialogue on Exchange-Traded Products
.”
Securities and Exchange Commission
.
September
8
,
2017
. .
Plehwe
,
Dieter
.
2009
.
Introduction to Mirowski and Plehwe, The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
1
43
.
Poitras
,
Geoffrey
.
2010
. “
Arbitrage: Historical Perspectives
.”In
Encyclopedia of Quantitative Finance
, edited by
Cont
Rama
,
1
:
1
10
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Pomroy
,
Kathryn
.
2020
. “
Average Stock Market Return: Where Does 7% Come From?
The Simple Dollar
.
June
30
. .
Postone
,
Moishe
.
1993
.
Time, Labor, and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx’s Critical Theory
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Predatory Lending Practices
.”
2001
.
c-span
.
July
26
. .
Preston
,
John
.
2010
. “
Concrete and Abstract Racial Domination
.”
Power and Education
2
, no.
2
:
115
25
.
Prudential TV Commercial, ‘The Prudential Walkways Experiment’
.”
2017
.
iSpot.TV
. .
Pulido
,
Laura
.
2016
. “
Flint, Environmental Racism, and Racial Capitalism
.”
Capitalism Nature Socialism
27
, no.
3
:
1
16
.
Pulido
,
Laura
.
2017
. “
Geographies of Race and Ethnicity II: Environmental Racism, Racial Capitalism and State-sanctioned Violence
.”
Progress in Human Geography
41
, no.
4
:
524
33
.
Ranganathan
,
Malini
.
2016
. “
Thinking with Flint: Racial Liberalism and the Roots of an American Water Tragedy
.”
Capitalism Nature Socialism
27
, no.
3
:
17
33
.
Ranganathan
,
Malini
.
2019
. “
Empire’s Infrastructures: Racial Finance Capitalism and Liberal Necropolitics
.”
Urban Geography
41
, no.
4
:
492
96
.
Richardson
,
Matthew
, and
White
Lawrence J.
.
2009
. “
The Ratings Agencies: Is Regulation the Answer?
” In
Acharya and Richardson, Restoring Financial Stability
,
101
15
.
Rivlin
,
Gary
.
2010
.
Broke, USA: From Pawnshops to Poverty, Inc.—How the Working Poor Became Big Business
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
.
Robinson
,
Cedric J.
2000
.
Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition
. 2nd ed.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
.
Rosov
,
Sviatoslav
.
2019
. “
SpaceX Is Opening Up the Next Frontier for HFT
.”
Market Integrity Insights
.
June
25
. .
Rothstein
,
Richard
.
2014
. “
The Making of Ferguson: Public Policies at the Root of its Troubles
.”
Economic Policy Institute Report
,
October
15
. Accessed June 20, 2016. .
Roye
,
Paul
.
2001
. “
Speech by sec Staff: Navigating the Mutual Fund Industry through Challenging Times
.”
Securities and Exchange Commission
.
May
18
. .
Rubenstein
,
Mark
.
2006
.
A History of the Theory of Investments: My Annotated Bibliography
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Rugh
,
Jacob S.
,
Albright
Len
, and
Massey
Douglas S.
.
2015
. “
Race, Space, and Cumulative Disadvantage: A Case Study of the Subprime Lending Collapse
.”
Social Problems
62
, no.
2
:
186
218
.
Russell-Kraft
,
Stephanie
.
2013
. “
The Quantification of Finance: The Rise and Education of MFES on Wall Street
.”
Master’s thesis
,
Humboldt University of Berlin
.
Santoni
,
G. J.
1988
. “
The October Crash: Some Evidence on the Cascade Theory
.”
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review
,
May–June
,
18
33
. .
Schor
,
Juliet B.
1998
.
The Overspent American
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
Schuhrke
,
Jeff
.
2019
. “
We’ve Been Fighting for $15 for 7 Years. Today I’m Celebrating a Historic Victory
.”
Salon
,
February
23
. .
Scott
,
Tim
.
2017
. “
Senators Scott, Warner Champion Homeownership for the ‘Credit Invisible’
.”
August
1
. .
Securities and Exchange Commission
.
2013
. “
Net Asset Value
.”
July
9
. .
Servon
,
Lisa
.
2017
.
The Unbanking of America: How the New Middle Class Survives
.
Boston
:
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
.
Sharma
,
Sarah
.
2014
.
In the Meantime: Temporality and Cultural Politics
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Shleifer
,
Andrei
, and
Vishny
Robert W.
.
1997
. “
The Limits of Arbitrage
.”
Journal of Finance
52
, no.
1
:
35
55
.
Sommeiller
,
Estelle
, and
Price
Mark
.
2018
. “
The New Gilded Age
.”
Economic Policy Institute
.
July
19
. .
Standing
,
Guy
.
2011
.
The Precariat: The Dangerous New Class
.
New York
:
Bloomsbury
.
Strike Debt!
” Accessed February 27, 2019. .
Struggle for Black and Latino Mortgage Applicants Suggests Modern-Day Redlining
.”
2018
.
PBS NewsHour
.
PBS.org. Web video
.
February
15
. .
Survey of Consumer Finances
.”
2016
.
Federal Reserve
. .
Sweet
,
Elizabeth
,
Nandi
Arijit
,
Adam
Emma
, and
McWade
Thomas
.
2013
. “
The High Price of Debt: Household Financial Debt and Its Impact on Mental and Physical Health
.”
Social Science and Medicine
91
, no.
1
:
94
100
.
Taibbi
,
Matt
.
2010
. “
The Great American Bubble Machine
.”
Rolling Stone
,
April
5
,
2010
. .
Taleb
,
Nassim Nicholas
.
2007
.
The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable
.
New York
:
Random House
.
Taylor
,
Keeanga-Yamahtta
.
2019
.
Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Homeownership
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
.
Taylor
,
Winnie F.
2018
. “
The ECOA and Disparate Impact Theory: A Historical Perspective
.”
Journal of Law and Policy
26
, no.
2
:
575
635
. .
Tett
,
Gillian
.
2009
.
Fool’s Gold: How the Bold Dream of a Small Tribe at J. P. Morgan Was Corrupted by Wall Street Greed and Unleashed a Catastrophe
.
New York
:
Free Press
.
Thomas
,
Jason
, and
Order
Robert Van
.
2010
. “
Housing Policy, Subprime Markets and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: What We Know, What We Think We Know and What We Don’t Know
.”
Paper presented at the Past, Present, and Future of the Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSE’S) Conference
.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
. .
Timeline: 1960–1979
.”
2010
.
Wayback Machine
. Accessed October 30, 2020. .
Towns
,
Armond
, and
Hardin
Carolyn
.
2018
. “
Banking against (Black) Capitalism: On ‘The Color of Money’
.”
Los Angeles Review of Books
,
March
19
. .
Tribe
,
Keith
.
2009
. “
Liberalism and Neoliberalism in Britain, 1930–1980
.” In
Mirowski and Plehwe, The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
68
97
.
United States, Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission
.
2011
.
The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report: Final Report of the National Commission on the Causes of the Financial and Economic Crisis in the United States
. Authorized edition.
New York
:
Public Affairs
.
US Mortgage Related Issuance and Outstanding
.”
2020
.
SIFMA
.
October
6
,
2020
. Accessed October 30, 2020. .
Value at Risk (VaR)
.”
2019
.
Investopedia
.
Reviewed by Will Kenton
.
February
17
. .
Van Horn
,
Rob
, and
Mirowski
Philip
.
2009
. “
The Rise of the Chicago School of Economics and the Birth of Neoliberalism
.” In
Mirowski and Plehwe, The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
139
79
.
Vercellone
,
Carlo
.
2010
. “
The Crisis of the Law of Value and the Becoming-Rent of Profit
.”In
Crisis in the Global Economy: Financial Markets, Social Struggles, and New Political Scenarios
, edited by
Fumagalli
Andrea
and
Mezzadra
Sandro
, translated by
McGimsey
Jason Francis
,
85
118
.
Los Angeles
:
Semiotext(e)
.
von Neumann
,
John
, and
Morgenstern
Oskar
.
1944
.
Theory of Games and Economic Behavior
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Weinstein
,
Meyer H.
1931
.
Arbitrage in Securities
.
New York
:
Harper and Brothers
.
White
,
Micah
.
2015
. “
Protest Is Broken
.”
Blog post
. Accessed February 18, 2018. .
Williams
,
Brett
.
2004
.
Debt for Sale: A Social History of the Credit Trap
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
1977
.
Marxism and Literature
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Williams
,
Sean
.
2016
. “
Here’s How Much the Average American Has in an IRA, Sorted by Age
.”
Fox Business
,
June
27
. .
Wolfe
,
Tom
.
1988
.
The Bonfire of the Vanities
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
.
Wolff
,
Richard D.
, and
Resnick
Stephen A.
.
1987
.
Economics: Marxian versus Neoclassical
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Wosnitzer
,
Robert
.
2014
. “
Desk, Firm, God, Country: Proprietary Trading and Speculative Ethos of Financialism
.”
PhD diss.
,
Department of Media, Culture, and Communication, New York University
.
Wyly
,
Elvin
,
Ponder
C. S.
,
Nettling
Pierson
,
Ho
Bosco
,
Fung
Sophie Ellen
,
Liebowitz
Zachary
, and
Hammel
Dan
.
2012
. “
New Racial Meanings of Housing in America
.”
American Quarterly
64
, no.
3
:
571
604
.
Zaloom
,
Caitlin
.
2006
.
Out of the Pits: Traders and Technology from Chicago to London
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Zitzewitz
,
Eric
.
2003
. “
Who Cares About Shareholders? Arbitrage-Proofing Mutual Funds
.”
Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
19
, no.
2
:
245
80
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

References

Acharya
,
Viral V.
,
Philippon
Thomas
,
Richardson
Matthew
, and
Roubini
Nouriel
.
2009
. “
The Financial Crisis of 2007–2009: Causes and Remedies
.” In
Restoring Financial Stability: How to Repair a Failed System
, edited by
Acharya
Viral V.
and
Richardson
Matthew
2009
,
1
56
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Acharya
,
Viral V.
, and
Richardson
Matthew
, eds.
2009
.
Restoring Financial Stability: How to Repair a Failed System
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Allon
,
Fiona
.
2010
. “
Speculating on Everyday Life: The Cultural Economy of the Quotidian
.”
Journal of Communication Inquiry
34
, no.
4
:
366
81
.
Allon
,
Fiona
, and
Redden
Guy
.
2012
. “
The Global Financial Crisis and the Culture of Continual Growth
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
5
, no.
4
:
375
90
.
Amoore
,
Louise
.
2013
.
The Politics of Possibility: Risk and Security beyond Probability
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Anthony
,
Sebastian
.
2014
. “
New Laser Network between nyse and nasdaq Will Allow High-Frequency Traders to Make Even More Money
.” .
February
14
. .
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1986
. “
Introduction: Commodities and the Politics of Value
.”In
The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
3
63
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Ascher
,
Ivan
.
2016
.
Portfolio Society: On the Capitalist Mode of Prediction
.
New York
:
Zone Books
.
Ashcraft
,
Adam B.
, and
Schuermann
Til
.
2008
. “
Understanding the Securitization of Subprime Mortgage Credit
.”
Federal Reserve Bank of New York Staff Reports
318
.
New York
.
Baradaran
,
Mehrsa
.
2017
.
The Color of Money: Black Banks and the Racial Wealth Gap
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
.
Baucom
,
Ian
.
2005
.
Specters of the Atlantic: Finance Capital, Slavery, and the Philosophy of History
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Benmelech
,
Efraim
, and
Dlugosz
Jennifer
.
2009
. “
The Alchemy of CDO Credit Ratings
.”
Journal of Monetary Economics
56
, no.
2
:
617
34
.
Bern stein
,
Peter L.
1998
.
Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Besanko
,
David
, and
Braeutigam
Ronald
.
2008
.
Microeconomics
. 3rd ed.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Beunza
,
Daniel
,
Hardie
Ian
, and
MacKenzie
Donald
.
2006
. “
A Price Is a Social Thing: Towards a Material Sociology of Arbitrage
.”
Organization Studies
27
, no.
5
:
722
41
.
Beunza
,
Daniel
, and
Stark
David
.
2004
. “
Tools of the Trade: The Socio-Technology of Arbitrage in a Wall Street Trading Room
.”
Industrial and Corporate Change
13
, no.
2
:
369
400
.
The Big Short
.
2015
. Directed by
McKay
Adam
.
Los Angeles
:
Paramount Pictures
.
DVD
.
Billingsley
,
Randall S.
2006
.
Understanding Arbitrage: An Intuitive Approach to Investment Analysis
.
Upper Saddle River, NJ
:
Wharton School Publications
.
Bishop-Henchman
,
Joseph
, and
Drenkard
Scott
.
2014
. “
Cigarette Taxes and Cigarette Smuggling by State
.” .
March
19
. .
Black
,
Fischer
, and
Scholes
Myron
.
1973
. “
The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities
.”
Journal of Political Economy
81
, no.
3
:
637
54
.
Bodie
,
Zvi
,
Kane
Alex
, and
Marcus
Alan J.
.
2009
.
Investments
. 8th ed.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Branson
,
William H.
1975
. “
Monetarist and Keynesian Models of the Transmission of Inflation
.”
American Economic Review
65
, no.
2
:
115
19
.
Braverman
,
Harry
.
1998
.
Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
Bryan
,
Dick
, and
Rafferty
Michael
.
2007
. “
Financial Derivatives and the Theory of Money
.”
Economy and Society
36
, no.
1
:
134
58
.
Bryan
,
Dick
, and
Rafferty
Michael
.
2013
. “
Fundamental Value: A Category in Transformation
.”
Economy and Society
42
, no.
1
:
130
53
.
Bryan
,
Dick
, and
Rafferty
Michael
.
2018
.
Risking Together: How Finance Is Dominating Everyday Life in Australia
.
Sydney
:
Sydney University Press
.
Bureau of Labor Statistics
.
2012
. “
Table 2. Retirement Benefits: Access, Participation, and Takeup Rates, Private Industry Workers
.”
National Compensation Survey
. .
Butrica
,
Barbara A.
,
Iams
Howard M.
,
Smith
Karen E.
, and
Toder
Erik J.
.
2007
. “
The Disappearing Defined Benefit Pension and Its Potential Impact on the Retirement Incomes of Baby Boomers
.”
Social Security Bulletin
69
, no.
3
. .
Calder
,
Lendol
.
1999
.
Financing the American Dream: A Cultural History of Consumer Credit
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Calhoun
,
Michael
.
2018
. “
Lessons from the Financial Crisis: The Central Importance of a Sustainable, Affordable and Inclusive Housing Market
.”
Brookings Institution
.
September
5
. .
Carey
,
James W.
1992
.
Communication as Culture: Essays on Media and Society
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Chandrashekaran
,
Vinod
.
1998
. “
October’s Market Demons: The ’87 Stock Market Crash and Likelihood of a Recurrence
.”
Risk and Rewards Newsletter, Society of Actuaries
31
.
Chappe
,
Raphaële
,
Nell
Edward
, and
Semmler
Willi
.
2013
. “
The Financial Crisis of 2008 as Cognitive Failure: An Overview of Risk over Uncertainty
.”
Berkeley Journal of Sociology
57
:
9
39
.
Chase Private Client tv Commercial, ‘Plan Yourself Free’
.”
2019
. .
Chen
,
Natasha
,
Cifuentes
Arturo
,
Desai
Manish
, and
Ray
Anik
.
2005
. “
The Young and the Restless: Correlation Drama at the Big Three Rating Agencies
.”
Wachovia Securities
,
New York
,
February
22
.
Closed-End Fund
.”
2018
.
Investopedia.com. Reviewed by James Chen
.
February
7
. .
Colander
,
David C.
, and
Landreth
Harry
.
2001
.
History of Economic Thought
.
New York
:
Cengage Learning
.
The Complex Story of American Debt: Liabilities in Family Balance Sheets
.
2015
.
Pew Charitable Trusts
.
July
. .
Consumer Price Indexes
.”
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
. Accessed October 30, 2020. .
Cooper
,
Melinda
.
2017
.
Family Values: Between Neoliberalism and the New Social Conservatism
.
New York
:
Zone Books
.
Covey
,
David
,
Koss
Michael
,
Mago
Akhil
,
Vaidya
Jasraj
,
Zola
Brian
,
Sabarwal
Rahul
,
Kazarian
Dick
,
Mingelgrin
Dan
,
Risa
Stefano
,
Huang
Vivien
,
Brav
Omar
, and
Ciampini
Gaetan
.
2006
. “
ABS CDOS—A Primer
.”
Lehman Brothers Fixed Income: U.S. Securitized Products Research
.
Credit Suisse Pleads Guilty to Tax Crime Charges. But Is Anyone Going to Jail?
2014
.
Audio recording, produced by Christopher Woolf
.
PRI’s The World
.
May
20
,
2014
. .
Curran
,
Rob
.
2013
. “
Make $377, 000 Trading Apple in One Day
.”
Term Sheet
.
Fortune
,
August
30
,
2013
. .
Dannhauser
,
Bob
.
2014
. “
Debating Michael Lewis’s ‘Flash Boys’: High-Frequency Trading Not All Bad
.”
Market Integrity Insights
.
CFA Institute
,
April
7
,
2014
. .
de Goede
,
Marieke
.
2005
.
Virtue, Fortune and Faith: A Genealogy of Finance
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Félix
.
2007
.
A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia
. Translated by
Massumi
Brian
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
De Long
,
J. Bradford
,
Shleifer
Andrei
,
Summers
Lawrence H.
, and
Waldmann
Robert J.
.
1990
. “
Noise Trader Risk in Financial Markets
.”
Journal of Political Economy
98
, no.
4
:
703
38
.
Derman
,
Emanuel
.
2013
. “
Lecture 1: The Principles of Valuation
.”
Handout
,
Columbia University
,
New York
.
DeSilver
,
Drew
.
2018
. “
For Most U.S. Workers, Real Wages Have Barely Budged in Decades
.”
Pew Research Center
.
August
7
,
2018
. .
Docters
,
Robert
,
Barzelay
Michael
,
Hanson
John G.
, and
Nguyen
Cecilia
.
2012
.
Contextual Pricing: The Death of List Price and the New Market Reality
.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Duménil
,
Gérard
, and
Lévy
Dominique
.
2011
.
The Crisis of Neoliberalism
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Dwyer
,
Rachel
.
2018
. “
Credit, Debt, and Inequality
.”
Annual Review of Sociology
44
, no.
1
:
237
61
.
Dymski
,
Gary
,
Hernandez
Jesus
, and
Mohanty
Lisa
.
2013
. “
Race, Gender, Power, and the US Subprime Mortgage and Foreclosure Crisis: A Meso Analysis
.”
Feminist Economics
19
, no.
3
:
124
51
.
Einzig
,
Paul
.
1970
.
The History of Foreign Exchange
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
.
Emery
,
Henry Crosby
.
1896
.
Speculation on the Stock and Produce Exchange of the United States
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
ETRADE—Yacht Life
.”
2017
.
YouTube
.
August
17
. .
Fair Lending—Fair Lending Laws and Regulations
.”
2015
.
FDIC Consumer Compliance Examination Manual
.
September
. .
Fama
,
Eugene
.
1970
. “
Efficient Capital Markets: A Review of Theory and Empirical Work
.”
Journal of Finance
25
, no.
2
:
383
417
.
Fidelity Investments TV Commercial, ‘Clear and Straightforward Retirement Tools’
.”
2017
.
iSpot.tv
. .
Foster
,
John Bellamy
, and
Magdoff
Fred
.
2009
.
The Great Financial Crisis: Causes and Consequences
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
Fox
,
Justin
.
2009
.
The Myth of the Rational Market: A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street
.
New York
:
Harper Business
.
Friedman
,
Milton
.
1962
. “
The Methodology of Positive Economics
.” In
Essays in Positive Economics
,
3
43
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Frotman
,
Seth
.
2018
. “
Broken Promises: How Debt-Financed Higher Education Rewrote America’s Social Contract and Fueled a Quiet Crisis
.”
Utah Law Review
4
:
811
46
. .
Anna
G.
2018
. “
Shocking Facts about Average Credit Card Debt
.” .
December
18
. .
The Giant Pool of Money
.”
2008
.
This American Life
.
WBEZ Chicago, Chicago Public Media
.
Produced by Ira Glass
.
May
9
. .
Gibson-Graham
,
J. K.
1996
.
The End of Capitalism (as We Knew It): A Feminist Critique of Political Economy
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Global CDO Issuance and Outstanding
.”
2015
.
Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association
.
January
13
. Accessed July 19, 2016. .
Goodman
,
Laurie S.
2002
. “
Synthetic CDOS: An Introduction
.”
Journal of Derivatives
9
, no.
3
:
60
72
.
Gosselin
,
Peter
.
2008
.
High Wire: The Precarious Financial Lives of American Families
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
Gramlich
,
Edward M.
2007
.
Subprime Mortgages: America’s Latest Boom and Bust
.
Washington, DC
:
Urban Institute Press
.
Grawert
,
Ames
, and
Lau
Tim
.
2019
. “
How the first step Act Became Law—and What Happens Next
.”
Brennan Center for Justice
.
January
4
. .
Green
,
Richard K.
, and
Wachter
Susan M.
.
2005
. “
The American Mortgage in Historical and International Context
.”
Journal of Economic Perspectives
19
, no.
4
:
93
114
.
Greenspan
,
Alan
.
1996
. “
The Challenge of Central Banking in a Democratic Society
.”
Remarks at the Annual Dinner and Francis Boyer Lecture of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
,
Washington, DC
,
December 5
. .
Gromb
,
Denis
, and
Vayanos
Dimitri
.
2010
. “
Limits of Arbitrage: The State of the Theory
.”
NBER Working Paper no. 15821
.
Grossberg
,
Lawrence
.
1992
.
We Gotta Get out of This Place: Popular Conservatism and Postmodern Culture
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Grossberg
,
Lawrence
.
2017
. “
Wrestling with the Angels of Cultural Studies
.”In
Stuart Hall: Conversations, Projects and Legacies
, edited by
Morley
David
and
Henriques
Julian
,
107
16
.
London
:
Goldsmiths Press
.
Grossberg
,
Lawrence
,
Hardin
Carolyn
, and
Palm
Michael
.
2014
. “
Contributions to a Conjunctural Theory of Valuation
.”
Rethinking Marxism
26
, no.
3
:
306
35
.
Hacker
,
Jacob S.
2006
.
The Great Risk Shift: The Assault on American Jobs, Families, Health Care, and Retirement and How You Can Fight Back
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hardie
,
Ian
.
2004
. “
‘The Sociology of Arbitrage’: A Comment on MacKenzie
.”
Economy and Society
33
, no.
2
:
244
50
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
.
2014
. “
Neoliberal Temporality: Time-Sense and the Shift from Pensions to 401(k)s
.”
American Quarterly
66
, no.
1
:
95
118
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
.
2017
. “
The Politics of Finance: Cultural Economy, Cultural Studies and the Road Ahead
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
10
, no.
4
:
325
38
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
, and
Rottinghaus
Adam
.
2015
. “
Introducing a Cultural Approach to Technology in Financial Markets
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
8
, no.
5
:
547
63
.
Hardin
,
Carolyn
, and
Rottinghaus
Adam
.
2020
. “
Risk and Arbitrage
.” In
Routledge Handbook for Critical Finance Studies
, edited by
Wosnitzer
Robert
and
Borch
Christian
,
115
34
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Harvey
,
David
.
1982
.
The Limits to Capital
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hayek
,
Friedrich A. von
.
1945
. “
The Use of Knowledge in Society
.”
American Economic Review
35
, no.
4
:
519
30
.
Hayek
,
Friedrich A. von
.
[1944] 2007
.
The Road to Serfdom
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Holmes
,
Debbie
.
2019
. “
Changes in Ohio Short-Term Lending Law Create New Loan Landscape
.”
Cincinnati Public Radio
.
October
21
. .
Home Ownership and President Bush
.”
2011
.
YouTube Video 6, no. 50
.
October
29
. .
Houge
,
Todd
, and
Wellman
Jay
.
2005
. “
Fallout from the Mutual Fund Trading Scandal
.”
Journal of Business Ethics
62
, no.
2
:
129
39
.
Hull
,
John C.
2008
.
Fundamentals of Futures and Options Markets
. 6th ed.
Upper Saddle River, NJ
:
Prentice Hall
.
Hull
,
John C.
2009
.
Options, Futures, and Other Derivatives
. 7th ed.
Pearson International Edition
.
Upper Saddle River, NJ
:
Prentice Hall
.
Hyman
,
Louis
.
2011
.
Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Ickes
,
Harold
.
1953
.
The Secret Diary of Harold Ickes
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
.
Ingham
,
Geoffrey
.
2004
.
The Nature of Money
.
Malden, MA
:
Polity Press
.
Inside Job
.
2011
. Directed by
Ferguson
Charles
.
New York
:
Sony Pictures Classics
.
DVD
.
Investment Company Institute
.
2018
. “
Retirement Assets Total $29.2 Trillion in Third Quarter
.”
December
20
.
Isard
,
Peter
.
1977
. “
How Far Can We Push the ‘Law of One Price’?
American Economic Review
67
, no.
5
:
942
48
.
Jarrow
,
Robert A.
2012
. “
The Role of ABS, CDS, and CDOS in the Credit Crisis and the Economy
.”
Paper presented at Rethinking Finance: Perspectives on the Crisis
.
New York
.
April 13
.
Joseph
,
Miranda
.
2014
.
Debt to Society: Accounting for Life under Capitalism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Kear
,
Mark
.
2013
. “
Governing Homo Subprimicus: Beyond Financial Citizenship, Exclusion, and Rights
.”
Antipode
45
, no.
4
:
926
46
.
Kerr
,
Janet E.
, and
Maguire
John C.
.
1988
. “
Program Trading—A Critical Analysis
.”
Wash-ington and Lee Law Review
45
, no.
3
:
991
1030
.
Keynes
,
John Maynard
.
1921
.
A Treatise on Probability
.
London
:
Macmillan
.
Keynes
,
John Maynard
.
1936
.
The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money
.
London
:
Macmillan
.
Kirzner
,
Israel M.
2008
. “
The Alert and Creative Entrepreneur: A Clarification
.”
IFN Working Paper No. 760
.
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)
. .
Kiyosaki
,
Robert T.
, and
Lechter
Sharon L.
.
1998
.
Rich Dad, Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids about Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!
Paradise Valley, AZ
:
TechPress
.
Knight
,
Frank H.
[1921] 2014
.
Risk, Uncertainty and Profit
.
Eastford, CT
:
Martino Fine Books
.
Kothari
,
Vinod
.
2006
.
Securitization: The Financial Instrument of the Future
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Kwak
,
James
.
2017
.
Economism: Bad Economics and the Rise of Inequality
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
.
Langley
,
Paul
.
2008
.
The Everyday Life of Global Finance: Saving and Borrowing in Anglo-America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Lapavitsas
,
Costas
.
2009
. “
Financialised Capitalism: Crisis and Financial Expropriation
.”
Historical Materialism
17
, no.
2
:
114
48
.
Latané
,
Henry A.
, and
Rendleman
Richard J.
Jr.
1976
. “
Standard Deviations of Stock Price Ratios Implied in Option Prices
.”
Journal of Finance
3
, no.
2
:
369
81
.
Lauer
,
Josh
.
2017
.
Creditworthy: A History of Consumer Surveillance and Financial Identity in America
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Lee
,
Benjamin
.
2016
. “
From Primitives to Derivatives
.”In
Derivatives and the Wealth of Societies
, edited by
Lee
and
Martin
,
2016
,
82
139
.
Lee
,
Benjamin
, and
Martin
Randy
.
2016
.
Derivatives and the Wealth of Societies
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Levitin
,
Michael
.
2015
. “
The Triumph of Occupy Wall Street
.”
Atlantic
,
June
10
,
2015
. .
Lewis
,
Michael
.
2014
.
Flash Boys: A Wall Street Revolt
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
LiPuma
,
Edward
, and
Lee
Benjamin
.
2004
.
Financial Derivatives and the Globalization of Risk
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2003
. “
Long-Term Capital Management and the Sociology of Arbitrage
.”
Economy and Society
32
, no.
3
:
349
80
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2006
.
An Engine, Not a Camera: How Financial Models Shape Markets
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2011
. “
The Credit Crisis as a Problem in the Sociology of Knowledge
.”
American Journal of Sociology
116
, no.
6
:
1778
841
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
.
2012
. “
Knowledge Production in Financial Markets: Credit Default Swaps, the abx and the Subprime Crisis
.”
Economy and Society
41
, no.
3
:
335
59
.
MacKenzie
,
Donald
,
Beunza
Daniel
,
Millo
Yuval
, and
Pado-Guerra
Juan Pablo
.
2012
. “
Drilling through the Allegheny Mountains
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
5
, no.
3
:
279
96
.
Madden
,
Mary
,
Gilman
Michelle
,
Levy
Karen
, and
Marwick
Alice
.
2017
. “
Privacy, Poverty and Big Data: A Matrix of Vulnerabilities for Poor Americans
.”
Washington University Law Review
95
:
53
125
.
Mandel
,
Ernest
.
1990
. “
Communism
.”In
Marxian Economics
, edited by
Eatwell
John
,
Milgate
Murray
, and
Newman
Peter
,
87
90
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
Mann
,
Geoff
.
2010a
. “
Hobbes’ Redoubt? Toward a Geography of Monetary Policy
.”
Progress in Human Geography
34
, no.
5
:
601
25
.
Mann
,
Geoff
.
2010b
. “
Value after Lehman
.”
Historical Materialism
18
, no.
4
:
172
88
.
Manning
,
Robert D.
2000
.
Credit Card Nation: The Consequences of America’s Addiction to Credit
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
Marazzi
,
Christian
.
2011
.
The Violence of Financial Capitalism
. Translated by
Lebedeva
Kristena
and
McGimsey
Jason Francis
.
Los Angeles
:
Semiotext(e)
.
Marron
,
Donncha
.
2007
. “
‘Lending by Numbers’: Credit Scoring and the Constitution of Risk within American Consumer Credit
.”
Economy and Society
36
, no.
1
:
103
33
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
1973
.
Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Rough Draft)
. Translated by
Nicolaus
Martin
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
[1867] 2003
.
Capital. Vol. 1, A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production
. Edited by
Engels
Friedrich
.
New York
:
International Publishers
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
[1894] 1991
.
Capital. Vol. 3, The Process of Capitalist Production as a Whole
. Edited by
Engels
Friedrich
.
New York
:
Penguin Classics
.
McCabe
,
Patrick
.
2009
. “
The Economics of the Mutual Fund Trading Scandal
.”
Federal Reserve Board
,
Finance and Economics Discussion Series Working Paper No. 2009-06
,
14
.
Meister
,
Robert
.
2016
. “
Liquidity
.”In
Derivatives and the Wealth of Societies
, edited by
Lee
and
Martin
,
143
73
.
Melamed
,
Jodi
.
2006
. “
The Spirit of Neoliberalism: From Racial Liberalism to Neoliberal Multiculturalism
.”
Social Text
24
, no.
4
:
1
24
.
Melamed
,
Jodi
.
2011
.
Represent and Destroy: Rationalizing Violence in the New Racial Capitalism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Merton
,
Robert
.
1973
. “
Theory of Rational Option Pricing
.”
Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science
4
, no.
1
:
141
83
.
Michie
,
Ranald C.
1987
.
The London and New York Stock Exchanges, 1850–1914
.
London
:
Allen and Unwin
.
Militello
,
Frederick C.
Jr.
,
1984
. “
Growth of Arbitrage Changing Financial Management Practice
.”
AMA Forum
73
, no.
9
.
Millstein
,
Ira
.
1972
. “
Hearing on Availability of Credit to Women
.”
Unpublished. Folder “Hearings and Related Records Availability of Credit to Women”, box 35
.
RG Recorda of the National Commission of Consumer Finance, 1970–72, NARA, 3
.
May
22
.
Mirowski
,
Philip
.
2009
. “
Postface: Defining Neoliberalism
.” In
Mirowski
and
Plehwe
,
The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
417
54
.
Mirowski
,
Philip
, and
Plehwe
Dieter
, eds.
2009
.
The Road from Mont Pelerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Mirowski
,
Philip
.
2009
. “
Postface: Defining Neoliberalism
.” In
The Road from Mont Pelerin
, edited by
Mirowksi
Philip
and
Plehwe
Dieter
,
417
54
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Mishel
,
Lawrence
, and
Sabadish
Natalie
.
2012
. “
ceo Pay and the Top 1%: How Executive Compensation and Financial-Sector Pay Have Fueled Income Inequality
.”
Economic Policy Institute Report: Inequality and Poverty
.
May
2
. .
Miyazaki
,
Hirokazu
.
2007
. “
Between Arbitrage and Speculation: An Economy of Belief and Doubt
.”
Economy and Society
36
, no.
3
:
396
415
.
Miyazaki
,
Hirokazu
.
2013
.
Arbitraging Japan: Dreams of Capitalism at the End of Finance
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Modigliani
,
Franco
, and
Miller
Merton H.
.
1958
. “
The Cost of Capital, Corporation Finance and the Theory of Investment
.”
American Economic Review
48
, no.
3
:
261
97
.
Nichols
,
Robert
.
2018
. “
Theft Is Property! The Recursive Logic of Dispossession
.”
Political Theory
46
, no.
1
:
3
28
.
Nocera
,
Joseph
.
1994
.
A Piece of the Action: How the Middle Class Joined the Money Class
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
.
Northwestern Mutual tv Commercial, ‘Spend Your Life Living: Ocean’ Song by Cobra Starship
.”
2017
.
iSpot.tv
. .
Occupy Wall Street: We are the 99%
.” . Accessed February 27, 2019. .
O’Hara
,
Maureen
.
2016
.
Something for Nothing: Arbitrage and Ethics on Wall Street
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
O’Shea
,
Arielle
.
2019
. “
The Average 401(k) Balance by Age
.”
NerdWallet
.
January
24
. .
Open-End Fund
.”
2018
.
Investopedia.com. Reviewed by James Chen
.
February
26
. .
Ott
,
Julia
.
2015
. “
Slaves: The Capital that Made Capitalism, a Re-Post
.”
Public Seminar
.
August
20
. .
Parisi
,
Francis
.
2004
. “
Loss Correlations among U.S. Consumer Assets
.”
Standard & Poor’s
,
New York
.
February
.
Peters
,
John Durham
.
2006
. “
Technology and Ideology: The Case of the Telegraph Revisited
.”In
Thinking with James Carey: Essays on Communications, Transportation, History
, edited by
Packer
Jeremy
and
Robertson
Craig
,
137
56
.
New York
:
Peter Lang
.
Piwowar
,
Michael S.
2017
. “
sec-nyu Dialogue on Exchange-Traded Products
.”
Securities and Exchange Commission
.
September
8
,
2017
. .
Plehwe
,
Dieter
.
2009
.
Introduction to Mirowski and Plehwe, The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
1
43
.
Poitras
,
Geoffrey
.
2010
. “
Arbitrage: Historical Perspectives
.”In
Encyclopedia of Quantitative Finance
, edited by
Cont
Rama
,
1
:
1
10
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Pomroy
,
Kathryn
.
2020
. “
Average Stock Market Return: Where Does 7% Come From?
The Simple Dollar
.
June
30
. .
Postone
,
Moishe
.
1993
.
Time, Labor, and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx’s Critical Theory
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Predatory Lending Practices
.”
2001
.
c-span
.
July
26
. .
Preston
,
John
.
2010
. “
Concrete and Abstract Racial Domination
.”
Power and Education
2
, no.
2
:
115
25
.
Prudential TV Commercial, ‘The Prudential Walkways Experiment’
.”
2017
.
iSpot.TV
. .
Pulido
,
Laura
.
2016
. “
Flint, Environmental Racism, and Racial Capitalism
.”
Capitalism Nature Socialism
27
, no.
3
:
1
16
.
Pulido
,
Laura
.
2017
. “
Geographies of Race and Ethnicity II: Environmental Racism, Racial Capitalism and State-sanctioned Violence
.”
Progress in Human Geography
41
, no.
4
:
524
33
.
Ranganathan
,
Malini
.
2016
. “
Thinking with Flint: Racial Liberalism and the Roots of an American Water Tragedy
.”
Capitalism Nature Socialism
27
, no.
3
:
17
33
.
Ranganathan
,
Malini
.
2019
. “
Empire’s Infrastructures: Racial Finance Capitalism and Liberal Necropolitics
.”
Urban Geography
41
, no.
4
:
492
96
.
Richardson
,
Matthew
, and
White
Lawrence J.
.
2009
. “
The Ratings Agencies: Is Regulation the Answer?
” In
Acharya and Richardson, Restoring Financial Stability
,
101
15
.
Rivlin
,
Gary
.
2010
.
Broke, USA: From Pawnshops to Poverty, Inc.—How the Working Poor Became Big Business
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
.
Robinson
,
Cedric J.
2000
.
Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition
. 2nd ed.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
.
Rosov
,
Sviatoslav
.
2019
. “
SpaceX Is Opening Up the Next Frontier for HFT
.”
Market Integrity Insights
.
June
25
. .
Rothstein
,
Richard
.
2014
. “
The Making of Ferguson: Public Policies at the Root of its Troubles
.”
Economic Policy Institute Report
,
October
15
. Accessed June 20, 2016. .
Roye
,
Paul
.
2001
. “
Speech by sec Staff: Navigating the Mutual Fund Industry through Challenging Times
.”
Securities and Exchange Commission
.
May
18
. .
Rubenstein
,
Mark
.
2006
.
A History of the Theory of Investments: My Annotated Bibliography
.
Hoboken, NJ
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Rugh
,
Jacob S.
,
Albright
Len
, and
Massey
Douglas S.
.
2015
. “
Race, Space, and Cumulative Disadvantage: A Case Study of the Subprime Lending Collapse
.”
Social Problems
62
, no.
2
:
186
218
.
Russell-Kraft
,
Stephanie
.
2013
. “
The Quantification of Finance: The Rise and Education of MFES on Wall Street
.”
Master’s thesis
,
Humboldt University of Berlin
.
Santoni
,
G. J.
1988
. “
The October Crash: Some Evidence on the Cascade Theory
.”
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review
,
May–June
,
18
33
. .
Schor
,
Juliet B.
1998
.
The Overspent American
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
Schuhrke
,
Jeff
.
2019
. “
We’ve Been Fighting for $15 for 7 Years. Today I’m Celebrating a Historic Victory
.”
Salon
,
February
23
. .
Scott
,
Tim
.
2017
. “
Senators Scott, Warner Champion Homeownership for the ‘Credit Invisible’
.”
August
1
. .
Securities and Exchange Commission
.
2013
. “
Net Asset Value
.”
July
9
. .
Servon
,
Lisa
.
2017
.
The Unbanking of America: How the New Middle Class Survives
.
Boston
:
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
.
Sharma
,
Sarah
.
2014
.
In the Meantime: Temporality and Cultural Politics
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Shleifer
,
Andrei
, and
Vishny
Robert W.
.
1997
. “
The Limits of Arbitrage
.”
Journal of Finance
52
, no.
1
:
35
55
.
Sommeiller
,
Estelle
, and
Price
Mark
.
2018
. “
The New Gilded Age
.”
Economic Policy Institute
.
July
19
. .
Standing
,
Guy
.
2011
.
The Precariat: The Dangerous New Class
.
New York
:
Bloomsbury
.
Strike Debt!
” Accessed February 27, 2019. .
Struggle for Black and Latino Mortgage Applicants Suggests Modern-Day Redlining
.”
2018
.
PBS NewsHour
.
PBS.org. Web video
.
February
15
. .
Survey of Consumer Finances
.”
2016
.
Federal Reserve
. .
Sweet
,
Elizabeth
,
Nandi
Arijit
,
Adam
Emma
, and
McWade
Thomas
.
2013
. “
The High Price of Debt: Household Financial Debt and Its Impact on Mental and Physical Health
.”
Social Science and Medicine
91
, no.
1
:
94
100
.
Taibbi
,
Matt
.
2010
. “
The Great American Bubble Machine
.”
Rolling Stone
,
April
5
,
2010
. .
Taleb
,
Nassim Nicholas
.
2007
.
The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable
.
New York
:
Random House
.
Taylor
,
Keeanga-Yamahtta
.
2019
.
Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Homeownership
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
.
Taylor
,
Winnie F.
2018
. “
The ECOA and Disparate Impact Theory: A Historical Perspective
.”
Journal of Law and Policy
26
, no.
2
:
575
635
. .
Tett
,
Gillian
.
2009
.
Fool’s Gold: How the Bold Dream of a Small Tribe at J. P. Morgan Was Corrupted by Wall Street Greed and Unleashed a Catastrophe
.
New York
:
Free Press
.
Thomas
,
Jason
, and
Order
Robert Van
.
2010
. “
Housing Policy, Subprime Markets and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: What We Know, What We Think We Know and What We Don’t Know
.”
Paper presented at the Past, Present, and Future of the Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSE’S) Conference
.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
. .
Timeline: 1960–1979
.”
2010
.
Wayback Machine
. Accessed October 30, 2020. .
Towns
,
Armond
, and
Hardin
Carolyn
.
2018
. “
Banking against (Black) Capitalism: On ‘The Color of Money’
.”
Los Angeles Review of Books
,
March
19
. .
Tribe
,
Keith
.
2009
. “
Liberalism and Neoliberalism in Britain, 1930–1980
.” In
Mirowski and Plehwe, The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
68
97
.
United States, Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission
.
2011
.
The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report: Final Report of the National Commission on the Causes of the Financial and Economic Crisis in the United States
. Authorized edition.
New York
:
Public Affairs
.
US Mortgage Related Issuance and Outstanding
.”
2020
.
SIFMA
.
October
6
,
2020
. Accessed October 30, 2020. .
Value at Risk (VaR)
.”
2019
.
Investopedia
.
Reviewed by Will Kenton
.
February
17
. .
Van Horn
,
Rob
, and
Mirowski
Philip
.
2009
. “
The Rise of the Chicago School of Economics and the Birth of Neoliberalism
.” In
Mirowski and Plehwe, The Road from Mont Pelerin
,
139
79
.
Vercellone
,
Carlo
.
2010
. “
The Crisis of the Law of Value and the Becoming-Rent of Profit
.”In
Crisis in the Global Economy: Financial Markets, Social Struggles, and New Political Scenarios
, edited by
Fumagalli
Andrea
and
Mezzadra
Sandro
, translated by
McGimsey
Jason Francis
,
85
118
.
Los Angeles
:
Semiotext(e)
.
von Neumann
,
John
, and
Morgenstern
Oskar
.
1944
.
Theory of Games and Economic Behavior
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Weinstein
,
Meyer H.
1931
.
Arbitrage in Securities
.
New York
:
Harper and Brothers
.
White
,
Micah
.
2015
. “
Protest Is Broken
.”
Blog post
. Accessed February 18, 2018. .
Williams
,
Brett
.
2004
.
Debt for Sale: A Social History of the Credit Trap
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
1977
.
Marxism and Literature
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Williams
,
Sean
.
2016
. “
Here’s How Much the Average American Has in an IRA, Sorted by Age
.”
Fox Business
,
June
27
. .
Wolfe
,
Tom
.
1988
.
The Bonfire of the Vanities
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
.
Wolff
,
Richard D.
, and
Resnick
Stephen A.
.
1987
.
Economics: Marxian versus Neoclassical
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Wosnitzer
,
Robert
.
2014
. “
Desk, Firm, God, Country: Proprietary Trading and Speculative Ethos of Financialism
.”
PhD diss.
,
Department of Media, Culture, and Communication, New York University
.
Wyly
,
Elvin
,
Ponder
C. S.
,
Nettling
Pierson
,
Ho
Bosco
,
Fung
Sophie Ellen
,
Liebowitz
Zachary
, and
Hammel
Dan
.
2012
. “
New Racial Meanings of Housing in America
.”
American Quarterly
64
, no.
3
:
571
604
.
Zaloom
,
Caitlin
.
2006
.
Out of the Pits: Traders and Technology from Chicago to London
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Zitzewitz
,
Eric
.
2003
. “
Who Cares About Shareholders? Arbitrage-Proofing Mutual Funds
.”
Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization
19
, no.
2
:
245
80
.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal