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The introduction offers a brief history of the island as it passed from colonial territories into independence. It situates the question of Caribbean independence in comparison with Latin American independence movements unfolding simultaneously. International scrutiny and hostility toward emancipation in the Caribbean, which many North Atlantic observers argued was an “experiment,” weighed heavily on both states of the island. Many Dominican politicians turned to annexationism and anti-Haitian sentiment, not only from defensiveness and anxieties about independence but also because of their distance from and disdain toward the vast majority of the territory’s rural residents. The introduction considers the state of Spanish empire at midcentury, as the Cuban governor plotted together with the Dominican president for annexation. Finally, the introduction presages the importance of the fighting itself in the region, as an overwhelmingly rural revolt crushed the new Spanish project. Dominicans and Haitians fought together to preserve independence; they dreamed together.

Bibliography

Bibliography
Archives and Newspapers
CUBA

Archivo Nacional de Cuba (ANC)

Asuntos Políticos (AP)

Diario de la Habana

Gaceta de la Habana

El Redactor de Santiago

Biblioteca Nacional José Martí (BNJM)

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Archivo General de la Nación–República Dominicana (AGN-RD)

Archivo Real de Bayaguana

Archivo Real de Higüey

Ayuntamiento de Santiago

Colección Garcia

Colección Herrera (CH)

Fondo Anexión (Anexión)

Memoria de Guerra y Marina

Relaciones Exteriores (RREE)

La Acusación

Boletín del Archivo General de la Nación (BAGN)

El Dominicano

El Eco del Pueblo

Gaceta de Santo Domingo

El Monitor

El Oasis

El Orden

El Porvenir

El Progreso

La Razón

La Regeneración

La Républica

Revista Clío, Órgano de la Academia Dominicana de la Historia (CLÍO)

El Tiempo

Some of the AGN-RD collections were being reorganized during this research period; Fondo Anexión’s legajo numbers changed from 2006 to 2008 to 2010, for example. The bulk of the numbers cited here refer to the most recent 2008 and 2010 numerations; wherever possible, changes are recorded in the corresponding citation.

HAITI

Simityè Jakmèl (Cimitière de Jacmel)

La Feuille de Commerce

Le Moniteur Haïtien

L’Opinion Nationale

La République

SPAIN

Archivo Histórico Nacional, Madrid (AHN)

Ultramar

Gaceta de Madrid

Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid (BNE)

Servicio Histórico Militar, Madrid (SHM)

Ultramar

Archivo del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Madrid (AMAE)

Política Exterior, Haití

Política Exterior, Santo Domingo

Tratados

Archivo General de Indias (AGI)

Audiencia de Santo Domingo

Papeles de Cuba (CUBA)

UNITED KINGDOM

The National Archives, Kew (TNA)

Colonial Office (CO)

301 Turks and Caicos

Foreign Office (FO)

23 Dominican Republic

35 Haiti

UNITED STATES

National Archives (NARA)

Schomburg Library

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Figures & Tables

Contents

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References

Bibliography

Bibliography
Archives and Newspapers
CUBA

Archivo Nacional de Cuba (ANC)

Asuntos Políticos (AP)

Diario de la Habana

Gaceta de la Habana

El Redactor de Santiago

Biblioteca Nacional José Martí (BNJM)

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Archivo General de la Nación–República Dominicana (AGN-RD)

Archivo Real de Bayaguana

Archivo Real de Higüey

Ayuntamiento de Santiago

Colección Garcia

Colección Herrera (CH)

Fondo Anexión (Anexión)

Memoria de Guerra y Marina

Relaciones Exteriores (RREE)

La Acusación

Boletín del Archivo General de la Nación (BAGN)

El Dominicano

El Eco del Pueblo

Gaceta de Santo Domingo

El Monitor

El Oasis

El Orden

El Porvenir

El Progreso

La Razón

La Regeneración

La Républica

Revista Clío, Órgano de la Academia Dominicana de la Historia (CLÍO)

El Tiempo

Some of the AGN-RD collections were being reorganized during this research period; Fondo Anexión’s legajo numbers changed from 2006 to 2008 to 2010, for example. The bulk of the numbers cited here refer to the most recent 2008 and 2010 numerations; wherever possible, changes are recorded in the corresponding citation.

HAITI

Simityè Jakmèl (Cimitière de Jacmel)

La Feuille de Commerce

Le Moniteur Haïtien

L’Opinion Nationale

La République

SPAIN

Archivo Histórico Nacional, Madrid (AHN)

Ultramar

Gaceta de Madrid

Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid (BNE)

Servicio Histórico Militar, Madrid (SHM)

Ultramar

Archivo del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Madrid (AMAE)

Política Exterior, Haití

Política Exterior, Santo Domingo

Tratados

Archivo General de Indias (AGI)

Audiencia de Santo Domingo

Papeles de Cuba (CUBA)

UNITED KINGDOM

The National Archives, Kew (TNA)

Colonial Office (CO)

301 Turks and Caicos

Foreign Office (FO)

23 Dominican Republic

35 Haiti

UNITED STATES

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