We Dream Together: Dominican Independence, Haiti, and the Fight for Caribbean Freedom
The Haitians or the Whites?: Colonization and Resistance, 1861–1863
This chapter details the establishment of the occupation itself in different parts of the Dominican territory. Even as Spanish troops had barely arrived, a number of anticolonial mobilizations occurred. The new administration managed to crush these, including a center-island campaign, and they placed the blame directly on Haiti. Even after the early rebellions were repressed, however, discontent simmered. Spanish authorities steadily replaced Dominican appointees, and reclassification in the military forced many Dominican officers and soldiers out of service. Furthermore, a whole range of new legal restrictions grated on town residents. In addition, a lack of resources plagued the administration, delaying promised financial reforms and other projects. Finally, however, the outright disrespect of many Spanish officials and troops toward Dominican residents provoked relentless tension. Although the territory appeared calm, clandestine organizing grew in the center-island region and throughout the territory.