Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is only available as PDF.

References

References
28TooMany.org
.
2014
. “
28 Too Many (2014) Country Profile: FGM in Liberia
.” .
Adédé
,
Schadé
.
2011
. “
Destruction de Monuments de la Ville d’Abidjan: Quand la Superstition Prend le Pouvoir en Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Le Blog de Aymard
,
June
1
. .
Adler
,
Alfred
.
2007
. “
Initiation, Royauté et Fémininité en Afrique Noire: En Deça ou Au-Delà de la Difference des Sexes: Logique Politique ou Logique Initiatique?
L’Homme
183
:
77
115
.
Adriel
.
2012
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Alassane Ouattara Dribble les Génies!
Koaci Infos, February 4
. .
AFP
.
2015
.
Côte d’Ivoire: Des Femmes Réunies en Soutien à Gbagbo
. .
Aidoo
,
Agnes A.
1977
. “
Order and Conflict in the Asante Empire: A Study in Interest Group Relations
.”
African Studies Review
20
(
1
):
1
36
.
Akyeampong
,
Emmanuel
, and
Obeng
Pashington
.
2005
. “
Spirituality, Gender and Power in Asante History
.” In
Oyewùmí, African Gender Studies
,
23
48
.
Al-Kassim
,
Dina
.
2008
. “
Archiving Resistance: Women’s Testimony at the Threshold of the State
.”
Cultural Dynamics
20
(
2
):
167
92
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
1987
.
Male Daughters, Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in an African Society
.
London
:
Zed
,
1987
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
1997
.
Re-Inventing Africa: Matriarchy, Religion, and Culture
.
Black Women Writers
.
London
:
Zed
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
2002
. “
Bodies, Choices, Globalizing Neocolonial Enchantments: African Matriarchs and Mammy Water
.”
Meridians
2
(
2
):
41
66
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
2005
. “
Theorizing Matriarchy in Africa: Kinship Ideologies and Systems in Africa and Europe
.” In
Oyewùmí, African Gender Studies
,
83
98
.
Amnesty International
.
2006
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Clashes between Peacekeeping Forces and Civilians: Lessons for the Future
.”
Index number: AFR 31/005/2006
.
September
18
. .
Amnesty International
.
2007
. “
Cote d’Ivoire—Targeting Women: The Forgotten Victims of the Conflict
.”
March
15
. .
Amnesty International
.
2013a
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Revenge and Repression under the Pretense of Ensuring Security
.”
February
26
. .
Amnesty International
.
2013b
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: The Victor’s Law: The Human Rights Situation Two Years after the Post-Electoral Crisis
.”
London, February
. .
Anctogo.com
.
2013
. “
Les Femmes Togolaises Manifestent Leur Inquiétude et Leur Colère à Travers les Rues de Lomé
.”
May
22
. .
Anderson
,
Benedict
.
1991
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
.
London
:
Verso
.
Antze
,
Paul
, and
Lambek
,
Paul
eds.
1996
.
Tense Past: Cultural Essays in Trauma and Memory
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1995
. “
The Production of Locality
.” In
Counterworks: Managing the Diversity of Knowledge
, edited by
Fardon
R.
,
204
25
.
ASA Decennial Conference series “The Uses of Knowledge: Global and Local Relations”
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1999
. “
Dead Certainty: Ethnic Violence in the Era of Globalization
.” In
Globalization and Identity: Dialectics of Flow and Closure
, edited by
Meyer
Birgit
and
Geschiere
Peter
,
305
24
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Apter
,
Andrew H.
2007
.
Beyond Words: Discourse and Critical Agency in Africa
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Apter
,
Andrew H.
2012
. “
Matrilineal Motives: Kinship, Witchcraft, and Repatriation among Congolese Refugees
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
18
(
1
):
22
44
.
Araoye
,
Lasisi Ademola
.
2012
.
Côte d’Ivoire: The Conundrum of a Still Wretched of the Earth
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Ardener
,
Shirley G.
1973
. “
Sexual Insult and Female Militancy
.”
Man
8
(
3
):
422
40
.
Ardener
,
Shirley G.
1975
.
Perceiving Women
.
London
:
Malaby
.
Arens
,
W.
, and
Karp
Ivan
, eds.
1989
.
Creativity of Power: Cosmology and Action in African Societies
.
Washington, DC
:
Smithsonian Institution Press
.
Assmann
,
Jan
.
2006
.
Religion and Cultural Memory: Ten Studies
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Augé
,
Marc
.
1976
. “
Savoir Voir et Savoir Vivre: Les Croyances à la Sorcellerie en Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
46
(
2
):
128
36
.
AVDC
.
2013
. “
AVDC: Association Vaudoise de Danse Contemporaine: Auditions
.”
August
30
. .
Awasom
,
Sussana Yene
.
2005
. “
Anlu and Takubeng: The Adaptation of Traditional Female Political Institutions to Modern Politics in Cameroon
.” In
Tradition and Politics: Indigenous Political Structures in Africa
, edited by
Vaughan
Olufemi
,
353
63
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Aymard
.
2011
.
L’armée Française ouvre les massacres en Côte d’Ivoire...partie 1.mp4
.
January
4
. .
Badmus
,
Isiaka Alani
.
2009
. “
Even the Stones Are Burning: Explaining the Ethnic Dimensions of the Civil War in Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Journal of Social Science
18
(
1
):
45
57
.
Bal
,
Mieke
.
1999
.
Acts of Memory: Cultural Recall in the Present
.
Hanover, NH
:
University Press of New England
.
Bannister
,
Matthew
.
2011
. “
Aya Virginie Touré Interviewed by bbc
.”
BBC World Service Outlook
.
London and Abidjan
,
December
3
. .
Barnes
,
Sandra T.
1997
. “
Gender and the Politics of Support and Protection in Precolonial West Africa
.” In
Kaplan
,
Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power
,
1
18
.
Bass
,
Gary J.
2006
. “
What Really Causes Civil War?
New York Times Magazine
,
August
13
. .
Bastian
,
Misty L.
2000
. “
Young Converts: Christian Missions, Gender and Youth in Onitsha, Nigeria 1880–1929
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
73
(
3
):
145
58
.
Bastian
,
Misty L.
2002
. “
‘Vultures of the Marketplace’: Southeastern Nigerian Women and Discourses of the Ogu Umanwaanyi (Woman’s War) of 1929
.” In
Women in African Colonial Histories
, edited by
Geiger
Susan
,
Musisi
Nakanyike
, and
Allman
Jean Marie
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Bayart
,
Jean-François
.
1986
. “
Civil Society in Africa
.” In
Chabal
,
Political Domination in Africa
,
109
25
.
Bazin
,
Jean
.
1988
. “
Princes Désarmés, Corps Dangereux: Les ‘Rois-Femmes’ de la Région de Segu (Disarmed Princes, Dangerous Bodies: ‘Women-Kings’ in the Segu Area)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
28
(
111–12
):
375
441
.
BBC
.
2011
. “
23/03/2011, Outlook—BBC World Service
.”
March
23
. .
BBC News
.
2007
. “
Ivoirian Women ‘Forgotten Victims’
.”
March
15
. .
BBC News
.
2011a
. “
Aya Virginie Touré Interviewed by BBC
.”
BBC World Service Outlook
,
London
,
December
3
. .
BBC News
.
2011b
. “
Ivory Coast Eyewitness: Women ‘Slaughtered by Soldiers’
.”
March
4
. .
BBC News
.
2011c
. “
Ivory Coast: Anti-Gbagbo Protesters Killed in Abidjan
.”
bbc News Africa
,
March
8
. .
BBC News
.
2011d
. “
Ivory Coast: Women ‘Shot during Pro-Ouattara March’
.”
BBC
,
March
3
. .
BBC News
.
2015
. “
Togo’s Faure Gnassingbe Wins Third Term as President
.”
BBC News
,
April
29
,
sec. Africa
. .
Bell
,
Nawal Morcos
.
1972
. “
The Age of Mansa Musa of Mali: Problems in Succession and Chronology
.”
International Journal of African Historical Studies
5
(
2
):
221
34
.
Bellman
,
Beryl Larry
.
1984
.
The Language of Secrecy: Symbols and Metaphors in Poro Ritual
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1984
.
Benavides
,
Gustavo
.
1998
. “
Modernity
.” In
Critical Terms for Religious Studies
, edited by
Taylor
Mark C.
,
186
202
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Berger
,
Iris
, and
White
E. Frances
.
1999
.
Women in Sub-Saharan Africa: Restoring Women to History
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Bewes
,
Timothy
.
2006
. “
Shame, Ventriloquy, and the Problem of the Cliché in Caryl Phillips
.”
Cultural Critique
63
:
33
60
.
Bhabha
,
Homi K.
1994
.
The Location of Culture
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Biddick
,
Kathleen
.
1993
. “
Genders, Bodies, Borders: Technologies of the Visible
.”
Speculum
68
(
2
):
389
418
.
Bindé
,
Jérôme
.
2001
. “
Towards an Ethics of the Future
.” In
Globalization
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
90
113
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Bledsoe
,
Caroline
.
1980
.
Women and Marriage in Kpelle Society
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Blier
,
Suzanne Preston
.
1995
.
African Vodun: Art, Psychology, and Power
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1995
.
Boisvert
,
Marc-André
.
2013
. “
Local Militias Hold Sway in Cote d’Ivoire’s Lawless Duékoué/Inter Press Service
.”
December
22
. .
Bolougbeu
,
Elisée
.
2011
. “
Une Manifestation de Femmes Dispersée par la Garde Républicaine (Gr)
.”
February
. .
Bonai
,
Cordélia
.
2012
. “
Au Togo, une Grève du Sexe Très Politique
.”
Libération.fr
,
August
28
. .
Boni
,
Stefano
.
2008
. “
Female Cleansing of the Community: The Momome Ritual of the Akan World
.”
Cahiers D’études Africaines
4
:
765
90
.
Boone
,
Sylvia Ardyn
.
1986
.
Radiance from the Waters: Ideals of Feminine Beauty in Mende Art
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
,
1986
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
Outline of a Theory of Practice
. Translated by
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1977
.
Bro-Grébé
,
Geneviève
.
2004
.
Mon Combat pour la Patrie: Mémoires d’une Guerre
.
Abidjan-Riviera
:
PUCI
,
2004
.
Butler
,
Beverley
.
2007
. “
‘Taking on a Tradition’: African Heritage and the Testimony of Memory’
.” In
Reclaiming Heritage
, edited by
De Jong
Ferdinand
and
Rowlands
M. J.
,
31
69
.
Critical Perspectives on Cultural Heritage
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
Left Coast
.
Butler
,
Judith
.
1999
.
Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Byaruhanga
,
Catherine
.
2015
. “
The Ugandan Women Who Strip to Defend Their Land
.”
BBC News Africa
,
June
1
. .
Callimachi
,
Rukmini
.
2011
. “
Ivory Coast Forces Kill 6 Women in Protest
.”
Huӽngton Post
,
March
3
. ...
Canal+
.
2004
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Quatre Jours de Feu
.”
November
30
. .
Chabal
,
Patrick
, ed.
1986
.
Political Domination in Africa: Reflections on the Limits of Power
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Chauveau
,
Jean-Pierre
.
2001
. “
La Question Foncière en Côte d’Ivoire et le Coup d’Etat, ou: Comment Remettre à Zéro le Compteur de L’histoire
.”
London: International Institute for Environment and Development
.
Chauveau
,
Jean-Pierre
, and
Richards
Paul
.
2008
. “
West African Insurgencies in Agrarian Perspective: Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone Compared
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
8
(
4
):
515
52
.
Chidester
,
David
.
2004
. “
‘Classify and Conquer’: Friedrich Max Müller, Indigenous Religious Traditions, and Imperial Comparative Religion
.” In
Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity
, edited by
Olupona
Jacob K.
,
71
88
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Christaller
,
J. G.
1879
.
Twi Mmebusem Mpensa-Ahansia Mmoano: A Collection of 3600 Tshi Proverbs in Use among the Negroes of the Gold Coast Speaking the Asante and Fante Language
.
Basel
:
Missionsbuchhandlung
.
Clifford
,
James
.
1986
.
Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
CNNIC [China Internet Network Information Center]
.
2011
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Manifestations Séparées des Femmes pro-Gbagbo et pro-Ouattara pour Réclamer la Paix dans le Pays Plongé dans la Violence (SYNTHESE)
.”
March
8
. .
CNN Wire Staff
.
2011
. “
‘International Women’s Day: Defiant Women March at Site of Grisly Killings’
.”
CNN World—Africa
,
March
9
. .
Cole
,
Catherine M.
,
Manuh
Takyiwaa
, and
Miescher
Stephan F.
, eds.
2007
.
Africa after Gender?
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Comaroff
,
John L.
, and
Comaroff
Jean
.
1999
.
Civil Society and the Political Imagination in Africa: Critical Perspectives
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Cossette
,
Ritha
.
2013
.
Éthique de la communication appliquée aux relations publiques
.
Québec City, Canada
:
Presses de l’Université de Québec
.
Cramer
,
Christopher
.
2006
.
Civil War Is Not a Stupid Thing: Accounting for Violence in Developing Countries
.
London
:
Hurst
.
Csordas
,
Thomas J.
2013
. “
Morality as a Cultural System?
Current Antrhopology
54
(
5
):
523
46
.
Daily Independent
.
2015
. “
Women Protest Naked in Ekiti
.”
March
. .
Dankwa
,
Serena Owusua
.
2005
. “
‘Shameless Maidens’: Women’s Agency and the Mission Project in Akuapem
.”
Agenda
63
:
104
16
.
De Jong
,
Ferdinand
, and
Rowlands
M. J.
.
2007
.
Reclaiming Heritage: Alternative Imaginaries of Memory in West Africa
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
Left Coast
.
Delafosse
,
M.
1913
. “
Coutumes Observées par les Femmes en Temps de Guerre Chez les Agnis de Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Revue d’Ethnographie et de Sociologie
4
:
266
68
.
Delanne
,
Philippe
,
Froger-Fortaillier
Viviane
,
Kouao
Bernardine Biot
, and
Kouadio
Martin Aka
, eds.
2009
.
Arts au Féminin en Côte d’Ivoire
.
Paris
:
Le Cherche midi
.
Devisch
,
René
.
1995
. “
Frenzy, Violence, and Ethical Renewal in Kinshasa
.”
Public Culture
7
(
3
):
593
629
.
Diallo
.
2011
. “
La Famille Boigny Indignée: ‘La Résidence d’Houphouët est Devenue une Poudrière’
.”
Abidjan.net Nord-Sud
,
September
2
. .
Diduk
,
Susan
.
1989
. “
Women’s Agricultural Production and Political Action in the Cameroon Grassfields
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
59
(
3
):
338
55
.
Diduk
,
Susan
.
2004
. “
The Civility of Incivility: Grassroots Political Activism, Female Farmers, and the Cameroon State
.”
African Studies Review
47
(
2
):
27
54
.
Dikeblé
,
Joséphine
, and
Hiba
Madeleine
.
1975
. “
La Femme dans la Vie Politique Traditionalle des Sociétés à Etat du Centre, de L’est et du Sud-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire
.” In
La Civilisation de la Femme dans la Tradition Africaine: Rencontre Organisée par la Société Africaine de Culture
.
Paris
:
Présence Africaine
.
Dindé
,
Fernand
.
2011
. “
Femmes Danseuses D’adjanou de Sakassou
.”
Regards Croisés: Le Blog de Fernand Dindé
,
March
5
. .
Diop
,
Cheikh Anta
.
1974
.
The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality
.
New York
:
L. Hill
.
Diop
,
Cheikh Anta
.
1978
.
The Cultural Unity of Black Africa: The Domains of Patriarchy and of Matriarchy in Classical Antiquity
.
Chicago
:
Third World
.
Djé
,
Abel
.
2012
. “
Cérémonie de purification de la Cdvr: Banny Convoque les Morts, Désiré Tanoé s’Écroule
.”
Eburnienews.net
,
March
18
. .
Djibo
,
Hadiza
.
2001
.
La Participation des Femmes Africaines à la Vie Politique: Les Exemples du Sénégal et du Niger
.
Collection Sociétés Africaines et Diaspora
.
Paris
:
Harmattan
.
Djinko
,
Nicole Bancouly
.
2003
. “
‘Un Génocide des Baoulé est Mis en oeuvre’ Massacre des Danseuses d’adjanou l’unique Rescapée Témoigne
.”
L’Inter
,
March
3
. .
Douglas
,
Mary
.
1969
. “
Is Matriliny Doomed in Africa?
” In
Man in Africa
,
121
35
.
London
:
Tavistock
,
1969
.
Douglas
,
Mary
.
2004
. “
Traditional Culture— Let’s Hear No More about It
.” In
Culture and Public Action
, edited by
Rao
Vijayendra
and
Walton
Michael
,
85
109
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Dozon
,
Jean-Pierre
.
1979
. “
La Parenté Mise à Nu, ou Pandore Chez les Bete de Côte d’Ivoire (Kinship Laid Bare, or Pandora among the Bete [Ivory Coast])
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
19
(
73/76
):
101
10
.
Dozon
,
Jean-Pierre
.
2007
. “
Les Déchirures Ivoiriennes: Entre Excés et Manque de Transcendance. (French)
.”
Social Compass
54
(
4
):
593
602
.
Drewal
,
Henry
.
1977
. “
Art and the Perception of Women in Yorùbá Culture (L’art et Le Concept de Féminité Dans La Culture Yoruba)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
17
(
68
):
545
67
.
Drewal
,
Henry John
, and
Drewal
Margaret Thompson
.
1983
.
Gẹlẹdẹ: Art and Female Power among the Yoruba
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Drewal
,
Margaret Thompson
.
1992
.
Yoruba Ritual: Performers, Play, Agency
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Dreyfus
,
Hubert L.
, and
Rabinow
Paul
.
1982
. “
Interpretive Analytics
.” In
Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics
,
104
26
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Dubuisson
,
Daniel
.
2003
.
The Western Construction of Religion: Myths, Knowledge, and Ideology
. Translated by
Sayers
William
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Dupire
,
Marguerite
, and
Boutillier
J.-L.
.
1959
. “
Le Pays Adioukrou et Sa Palmeraie (Basse Côte-d’Ivoire)
.”
Population
14
(
1
):
166
67
.
Duval
,
Philippe
.
2003
. “
Villepin Chahuté à Abidjan
.”
Le Parisien
,
January
4
. .
Elbadawi
,
E.
, and
Sambanis
N.
.
2000
. “
Why Are There So Many Civil Wars in Africa? Understanding and Preventing Violent Conflict
.”
Journal of African Economies
9
(
3
):
244
69
.
Eliade
,
Mircea
.
1968
. “
Masks: Mythical and Ritual Origins
.”
Encyclopaedia of World Art
. Vol.
8
.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
.
2001
. “
Mystical Weapons: Some Evidence from the Liberian War
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
31
(
2
):
222
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
.
2007
. “
Witching-Times: A Theme in the Histories of Africa and Europe
.” In
Imagining Evil: Witchcraft Beliefs and Accusations in Contemporary Africa
, edited by
ter Haar
Gerrie
,
31
53
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
, and
Haar
Gerrie Ter
.
1998
. “
Religion and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa
.”
Journal of Modern African Studies
36
(
2
):
175
201
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
, and
Haar
Gerrie Ter
.
2004
.
Worlds of Power: Religious Thought and Political Practice in Africa
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2004
.
Euronews
.
2011
. “
Ivory Coast: Women, the ‘Forgotten Victims’
.”
July
3
. .
Evans-Pritchard
,
E. E.
1929
. “
Some Collective Expressions of Obscenity in Africa
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
59
:
311
31
.
Fatton
,
Robert
.
1995
. “
Africa in the Age of Democratization: The Civic Limitations of Civil Society
.”
African Studies Review
38
(
2
):
67
99
.
Fatton
,
Robert
.
1999
. “
Civil Society Revisited: Africa in the New Millennium
.”
West Africa Review
1
(
1
).
Fauré
,
Yves
.
1993
. “
Democracy and Realism: Reflections on the Case of Cote d’Ivoire
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
63
(
3
):
313
29
.
FIDH-LIDHO-MIDH
.
2013
. “
Ivory Coast: The Fight against Impunity at a Crossroad
.”
October
. .
FIDH–Worldwide Human Rights Movement
.
2013
. “
Ivory Coast: 43 Women Who Suffered Sexual Violence during the Post-Election Crisis Finally Access Justice
.”
June
3
. .
Fiéloux
,
Michèle
.
1977
. “
‘Femmes Invisibles’ et ‘Femmes Muettes’: À Propos des Événements Ibo de 1929 (‘Invisible’ and ‘Mute’ Women: Concerning the Ibo Riots of 1929)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
17
(
65
):
189
94
.
Fonchingong
,
Charles C.
, and
Tanga
Pius T.
.
2007
. “
Crossing Rural-Urban Spaces: The ‘Takumbeng’ and Activism in Cameroon’s Democratic Crusade
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
47
(
185
):
117
43
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1977
. “
Nietzsche, Genealogy, History
.” In
Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews
, edited by
Bouchard
D. F.
,
139
64
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
,
1977
.
Foucault
,
Michel
, and
Gordon
Colin
.
1980
.
Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977
.
New York
:
Pantheon
.
Foucault
,
Michel
,
Rabinow
Paul
, and
Rogers
D.
.
Spotswood Collection
.
1984
.
The Foucault Reader
.
New York
:
Pantheon
.
Fred-Lille
.
2011
.
Côte d’Ivoire—7 Femmes Tuées lors d’une Manifestation 05-03-2011
. .
Freud
,
Sigmund
.
2003
.
The Uncanny
. Translated by
McLintock
David
.
London
:
Penguin Classics
.
Friesen
,
Steven J.
, ed.
2001
.
Ancestors in Post-Contact Religion: Roots, Ruptures, and Modernity’s Memory
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard Divinity School
.
Frindéthié
,
K. Martial
.
2012
. “
Dancers of Adjanou
.”
March
15
. .
Geertz
,
Clifford
.
1995
.
After the Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist
.
Cambridge, Mass
.:
Harvard University Press
,
1995
.
Geschiere
,
Peter
.
1997
.
The Modernity of Witchcraft: Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa
. Translated by
Geschiere
Peter
and
Roitman
Janet L.
Charlottesville
:
University Press of Virginia
.
Geschiere
,
Peter
.
2008
. “
Witchcraft and the State: Cameroon and South Africa; Ambiguities of ‘Reality’ and ‘Superstition’
.”
Past and Present
,
August
3
,
313
35
.
Geschiere
,
Peter
.
2013
.
Witchcraft, Intimacy, and Trust: Africa in Comparison
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Gibson
,
Fiona
.
2010
. “
The Akan Queen Mothers in Ghana and the Implications of Covert Gynocracy
.”
Thesis. University of Wales, Cardiff
. .
Gilbert
,
Michelle
.
1993
. “
The Cimmerian Darkness of Intrigue: Queen Mothers, Christianity and Truth in Akuapem History
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
23
(
1
):
2
43
. .
Gluckman
,
Max
.
Rituals of Rebellion in South-East Africa
.
Manchester, UK
:
Manchester University Press
,
1954
.
Gneproust
,
Marcelline
.
2011
. “
Les Victimes de Guerre de 2002 Veulent Être Prises en Compte
.”
Fraternité Matin
,
July
8
. .
Godson
,
K.
2013
. “
Togo: Une Marche de Femmes Nues du CST/FRAC en Perspective?/Actualité au Togo, Afrique et Monde
.”
27avril.com, Actualité Au Togo, Afrique et Monde
.
April
24
. .
Gold Coast Nation
.
1913
. “
Semi-Nude Women Parading
.”
March
27
.
Gouegnon
,
Tierry
.
2011
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Les Femmes en Première Ligne
.”
Paris Match
. .
GOUV.CI
.
2015
. “
Remise du Rapport Final de la CDVR: Charles Konan Banny Recommande des Journées Nationales de la Mémoire et du Pardon
.”
December
12
. .
Grah Mel
,
Frédéric
.
2010
.
Félix Houphouët-Boigny: Biographie. Vol. 2, L’épreuve du Pouvoir
.
Abidjan
:
Éd. du CERAP
.
Griaule
,
Marcel
, and
Dieterlen
Germaine
.
1965
.
Le Renard Pâle
.
Paris
:
Institut d’ethnologie
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
1999
. “
African Religions
.”
Encyclopedia Britannica Online
.
Chicago
:
Encyclopedia Britannica
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2009
. “
Divination: Epistemology, Agency, and Identity in Contemporary Urban West Africa
.”
Religion Compass
3
:
921
34
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2010
. “
‘When You Make Sacrifice, No One Is a Stranger’: Divination, Sacrifice and Identity among Translocals in the West African Urban Diaspora
.” In
Religion Crossing Boundaries: Transnational Dynamics in African and the New African Diasporic Religions
, edited by
Adogame
A.
and
Spickard
J.
,
143
64
.
Religion and Social Order series
.
Leiden
:
E. J. Brill
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2012
. “
Female Genital Power in Ritual and Politics: Violation and Deployment
.”
Cultural Anthropology, Hot Spot Forum
,
July
9
. .
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2013
. “
Catachresis in Côte d’Ivoire: Female Genital Power in Religious Ritual and Political Resistance
.”
Religion and Gender
3
(
2
):
188
206
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2014
. “
Ironic Reversals: Gender, Power and Sacrality in Ile-Ife
.”
Journal of Africana Religions
2
(
4
):
465
77
.
Gueye
,
J. B.
2004
. “
‘Sourires de l’ Hôtel Ivoire’
.” AbidjanDirect. .
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1994
. “
The Spatial Dimensions of Civil Society in Africa: An Anthropologist Looks at Nigeria
.” In
Harbeson, Rothchild, and Chazan
,
Civil Society and the State in Africa
,
215
30
.
Harbeson
,
John W.
,
Rothchild
Donald S.
, and
Chazan
Naomi
, eds.
1994
.
Civil Society and the State in Africa
.
Boulder, CO
:
Lynne Rienner
.
Hauenstein
,
Alfred
.
1984
. “
L’eau et les Cours D’eau dans Différents Rites et Coutumes en Afrique Occidentale
.”
Anthropos
79
(
4/6
):
569
85
.
Hellweg
,
Joseph
.
2011
.
Hunting the Ethical State: The Benkadi Movement of Côte d’Ivoire
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Horton
,
Robin
.
1967
. “
African Traditional Thought and Western Science
.”
Part I, “From Tradition to Science.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
37
(
1
):
50
71
.
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2006
. “
‘ Because They Have the Guns…I’m Left with Nothing’: The Price of Continuing Impunity in Côte d’Ivoire
.”
May
25
.
Accessed July 6, 2013. http://www.hrw.org
.
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2007
. “
‘My Heart Is Cut’: Sexual Violence by Rebels and Pro-Government Forces in Côte d’Ivoire
.”
August
3
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2010
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Rampant Criminality, Sexual Violence in West
.”
October
22
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2011a
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Ouattara Forces Kill, Rape Civilians During Offensive
.”
April
9
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2011b
. “
‘They Killed Them like It Was Nothing’: The Need for Justice for Côte d’Ivoire’s Post-Election Crimes
.”
October
5
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2013
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: 2 Years In, Uneven Progress— Root Causes of Politico-Military Violence Largely Unaddressed
.”
May
21
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2014
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Nowhere to Turn for Protection
.”
December
14
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2015
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Don’t Shut Down Investigations. Support Justice for Grave Post-Election Abuses
.”
June
16
. .
Humanities and Social Sciences Online
.
2013
. “
Ethnopornography: Sexuality, Colonialism and Anthropological Knowing
.”
August
28
. .
Hunt
,
Nancy Rose
.
1989
. “
Placing African Women’s History and Locating Gender
.”
Social History
14
(
3
):
359
79
.
Huyssen
,
Andreas
.
2001
. “
Present Pasts: Media, Politics, Amnesia
.” In
Globalization
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
57
77
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Ifeka-Moller
,
Caroline
.
1973
. “
‘Sitting on a Man: Colonialism and the Lost Political Institutions of Igbo Women’: A Reply to Judith Van Allen
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
7
(
2
):
317
18
.
Ifeka-Moller
,
Caroline
.
1975
. “
Female Militancy and Colonial Revolt: The Women’s War of 1929, Eastern Nigeria
.” In
Perceiving Women
, edited by
Ardener
Shirley
.
London
:
Malaby
.
Ikeji
,
Linda
.
2009
. “
Welcome to Linda Ikeji’s Blog: Half Naked Ekiti Women Protest
.”
Welcome to Linda Ikeji’s Blog
,
April
30
. .
Ina.fr
.
2003
. “
Dominique de Villepin À Abidjan
.”
January
3
.
Accessed August 6, 2015. http://www.ina.fr/video/2186833001037
.
Jambo Jambo News Channel
.
2014
.
Les Mamans du Kananga Marchent Nues pour Soutenir Leur Gouverneur!
.
James
,
Wendy
.
1978
. “
Matrifocus on African Women
.” In
Defining Females: The Nature of Women in Society
, edited by
Ardener
Shirley
.
New York
:
Wiley
.
Jaspers
,
Karl
.
1976
.
The Origin and Goal of History
. Translated by
Bullock
Michael
.
Westport, CT
:
Greenwood Press
.
Jeremy
.
2009
. “
Naijablog: Scenes from Today’s Naked Protest in Ekiti
.”
April
29
. .
JeuneAfrique.com
.
2013
. “
Togo: Des Femmes S’inspirent des Femen pour Dénoncer le Décès d’un Opposant
.”
May
20
. .
Jones
,
Adam
.
1993
. “
‘My Arse for Akou’: A Wartime Ritual of Women on the Nineteenth-Century Gold Coast (Un Rituel de Guerre Féminin sur la Côte de l’Or au XIXe Siècle)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
33
(
132
):
545
66
.
Joy
,
Morny
. “
Feminist Scholarship: The Challenge to Ethics
.” In
Life Ethics in World Religions
,
139
56
.
Atlanta
:
Scholars Press
,
1998
.
Joy
,
Morny
.
2001
. “
Postcolonial Reflections: Challenges for Religious Studies
.”
Method and Theory in the Study of Religion
13
(
2
):
177
95
.
Joy
,
Morny
.
2006
. “
Gender and Religion: A Volatile Mixture
.”
Temenos
42
(
1
):
7
30
.
Joy
,
Morny
.
2010
. “
The Impact of Gender on Religious Studies
.”
Part of Special Issue: Current Perspectives on Gender Studies
57
(
1
):
93
102
.
Jung
,
Carl Gustav
.
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 11: Psychology and Religion: West and East
. Translated by
Hull
R. F. C.
.
Bollingen Series XX
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1958
.
Kah
,
Henry Kam
.
2011
. “
Women’s Resistance in Cameroon’s Western Grassfields: The Power of Symbols, Organization, and Leadership, 1957–1961
.”
African Studies Quarterly
12
(
3
):
67
91
.
Kaplan
,
Flora Edouwaye S.
Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power: Case Studies in African Gender
.
New York
:
New York Academy of Sciences
.
Keita
,
Outélé
.
2015
. “
Massacre des Femmes d’Abobo: Le Procès des Tenants du Bissap
.”
Editions Le Pays
,
August
6
. .
Koby Assa
,
Théophile
.
1981
. “
Le Systeme Spatial de L’odjoukrou
.”
Annales de l’Université d’Abidjan
.
Geographie
Série G.
, no.
10
,
93
114
.
Koffi
,
Daniel Messan
.
2012
. “
Togo: Les Femmes Toujours Mobilisées
.”
December
20
. .
Kopytoff
,
Igor
.
1987
.
The African Frontier: The Reproduction of Traditional African Societies
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Kouamé
,
Rosalie
.
2011
. “
Le Cri de Mon Âme: Yako Maman Côte d’Ivoire!
Actualités Ivoirian
,
May
4
. .
Kouano
,
Brussi
.
2013
. “
Enfin la Vérité sur le Massacre des Danseuses d’adjanou
.”
Lebanco.net
,
May
27
. .
Kouevi
,
Louis
.
2013
.
Indignées et Furieuses les Femmes du CST, Torse Nu, Hurlent “Attention Faure, Libere Nos Enfants”
.
May
18
. .
Label Ivoire
.
2011
.
La Marche des Femmes de Treichville-Abidjan 24 Fevrier 2011
.
March
1
. .
Lafargue
,
Fernand
.
1970
. “
Notes sur la Fete de Dipri et le Culte Adressé au Genie de la Rivière á Gomon Village de la Tribu Abidi en Basse Côte d’Ivoire
.”
VIIme Congres International des Sciences Anthropologiques et Ethnologiques, Moscou (3–10 Aout 1964)
8
:
116
23
.
Lafargue
,
Fernand
.
1976
.
Religion, Magie, Sorcellerie des Abidji en Côte d’Ivoire
.
Paris
:
Nouvelles Editions Latines
.
Lambek
,
Michael
.
1996
. “
The Past Imperfect: Remembering as Moral Practice
.” In
Tense Past
,
235
55
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Laplantine
,
François
.
2007
.
Ethnopsychiatrie Psychanalytique
.
Paris
:
Beauchesne
.
Rédaction
La
.
2014
. “
Côte d’Ivoire— Les Faiblesses de La cdvr Commission Dialogue, Vérité et Réconciliation
.”
Connectionivoirienne
,
January
15
. .
Lassm
,
L.
1971
. “
Croyances et Coutumes Adjoukrou
.”
Bulletin de Liaison— Centre Universitaire de Recherches de Developpement (Abidjan)
,
1
:
43
53
.
Launay
,
Robert
.
1986
. “
Reviewed Work: La Société Bété: Côte d’Ivoire, by Jean-Pierre Dozon
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
20
(
2
):
285
87
.
Lawrance
,
Benjamin N.
2003
. “
La Révolte des Femmes: Economic Upheaval and the Gender of Political Authority in Lomé, Togo, 1931–33
.”
African Studies Review
46
(
1
):
43
67
.
Lawuyi
,
Olatunde Bayo
, and
Olupona
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
1987
. “
Making Sense of the Aje Festival: Wealth, Politics and the Status of Women among the Ondo of Southwestern Nigeria
.”
Journal of Ritual Studies
1
(
2
):
97
109
.
Leach
,
Fiona
.
2008
. “
African Girls, Nineteenth-Century Mission Education and the Patriarchal Imperative
.”
Gender and Education
20
(
4
):
335
47
.
Le Mandat
.
2011
. “
Usurpation of Power: The Revolt of Women from the City and Villages
.”
February
17
. .
Le Monde.fr
.
2010
. “
Le Viol Comme Arme de Guerre: La Double Peine des Femmes
.”
Blog-Esprit de justice
,
November
25
. .
Le Monde.fr
.
2015
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Deux Anciens Chefs Rebelles pro-Ouattara Inculpés
.”
July
8
. .
Le Nouveau Reveil
.
2010
. “
Didiévi: Les Femmes de L’adjanou Font Fuir le Préfet
.”
February
17
.
Accessed August 13, 2013. http://news.abidjan.net/h/356982.html
.
Le Nouveau Reveil
.
2011
. “
Tous les Monuments d’Abidjan Bientôt Détruits/18 Corps Découverts sous le Monument de Siporex (Yopougon)— Actualités #CIV2010
.”
April
20
.
Accessed August 20, 2015. http://news.abidjan.net/h/396972.html
.
LeTogoVi
.
2013a
. “Les Togolaises En Appellent aux Ancêtres et aux Divinités pour les Soutenir [21/05/2013].” May 21. .
LeTogoVi
.
2013b
. “Libérez Nos Enfants!!! C’est Eux (Les Policiers) qui Tuent nos Enfants à Dapaong”
[18/05/2013]
.
May
18
. .
Lévy-Bruhl
,
Lucien
, and
Clare
Lilian A.
.
1926
.
How Natives Think (Les Fonctions Mentales dans les Sociétés Inférieures)
. Authorized translation by
Clare
Lilian A.
.
London
:
G. Allen and Unwin
.
Lewis
,
Desiree
.
2005
. “
African Gender Research and Postcoloniality: Legacies and Challenges
.” In
Oyewùmí
,
African Gender Studies
.
Long
,
Charles
.
2004
. “
A Postcolonial Meaning of Religion: Some Reflections from the Indigenous World
.” In
Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity
, edited by
Olupona
Jacob K.
,
89
98
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Lonsdale
,
John
.
1986
. “
Political Accountability in African History
.” In
Chabal
,
Political Domination in Africa
,
126
57
.
Lonsdale
,
John
.
2000
. “
Agency in Tight Corners: Narrative and Initiative in African History
.”
Journal of African Cultural Studies
13
(
1
):
5
16
.
Lousse
,
Franke
. “
Liste Nominative Des Femmes ‘d’Adjanou’ Mitraillees a Bout Portant
.”
dialoguonns
,
July
2013
. .
MacCormack
,
Carol P.
1979
. “
Sande: The Public Face of a Secret Society
.” In
The New Religions of Africa
, edited by
Jules-Rosette
Bennetta
,
27
37
.
Norwood, NJ
:
Ablex
.
Marcus
,
George E.
Ethnography Through Thick and Thin
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1998
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
1992a
. “
The Banality of Power and the Aesthetics of Vulgarity in the Postcolony
.”
Public Culture
42
(
2
):
1
30
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
1992b
. “
Provisional Notes on the Postcolony
.”
Africa (Edinburgh University Press)
62
(
1
):
3
37
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
2001
. “
At the Edge of the World: Boundaries and Territorial Sovereignty in Africa
.” In
Globalization
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
, translated by
Rendall
Steven
,
22
51
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2011
.
Making War in Côte d’Ivoire
.
London
:
C. Hurst
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2012
. “
Turning the Clock Back or Breaking with the Past?: Charismatic Temporality and Elite Politics in Côte d’Ivoire and the United States
.”
Cultural Anthropology
27
(
2
):
239
60
.
Mel
,
César Djedje
.
2015
. “
[VIDEO] Manifestation Devant la Conariv: Des Victimes de Guerre Battues et Gazées par la Police
.”
Linfodrome.ci
,
October
6
. .
Memel-Fotê
,
Harris
.
1980
.
Le Système Politique de Lodjoukrou: Une Société Lignagère à Classes d’Âge (Côte-d’Ivoire)
.
Paris
:
Présence africaine
.
Memel-Fotê
,
Harris
, and
Brunet-Jailly
J.
.
2007
.
L’esclavage dans les Sociétés Lignagères de la Forêt Ivoirienne, XVIIe-XXe Siècle
.
Abidjan
:
cerap
.
Meyer
,
Birgit
.
1998
. “
‘Make a Complete Break with the Past’: Memory and Post-Colonial Modernity in Ghanaian Pentecostalist Discourse
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
28
(
3
):
316
49
.
Mielcarek
,
Romain
.
2015
. “
Quand les Africaines Utilisent Leur Nudité comme Arme Politique
.”
RFI
,
April
4
. .
Minority Rights Group International: Côte d’Ivoire: Krou
.”
2015
.
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples
. .
Mintho
,
Jacqueline
.
2011
. “
Pour Avoir Été Filmées dans Leur Nudité: Les Danseuses de ‘l’Adjanou’ Bloquent le Palais Présidentiel
.”
Abidjan.net
,
September
2
. .
M05
.
2012
. “
Manifestation du CST ce Mardi à Lomé: Des Jeunes Femmes Nues en Démonstration devant les Forces de L’ordre
.”
August
28
. .
Mohanty
,
Chandra Talpade
.
2003
.
Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Moore
,
Henrietta L.
, and
Sanders
Todd
.
2004
. “
Magical Interpretations and Material Realities: An Introduction
.” In
Magical Interpretations, Material Realities: Modernity, Witchcraft and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa
, edited by
Moore
Henrietta L.
and
Sanders
Todd
,
1
27
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Moran
,
Mary H.
1989
. “
Collective Action and the ‘Representation’ of African Women: A Liberian Case Study
.”
Feminist Studies
15
(
3
):
443
60
.
MyJoyOnline.Com
.
2017
. “
Video: Togo Women Go Topless to Demand Resignation of Faure Gnassingbe—MyJoyOnline.Com
.” .
Nandy
,
Ashis
.
1983
.
The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self under Colonialism
.
Delhi
:
Oxford
.
N. B. D
.
2003
. “
‘Un Génocide des Baoulé est Mis en Oeuvre”: Massacre des Danseuses D’ adjanou L’unique Rescapée Témoigne’
.”
L’Inter
,
March
3
. .
Neve
,
Alex
, and
Amnesty International
.
2013
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Even Nature Can’t Disguise the Past
.”
March
8
. .
N’Guessan
,
Issiaka
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Trois Ans Après, Duékoué entre Ombre et Lumière
.”
JeuneAfrique.com
. .
Ngoundoung
,
Julienne
.
1999
. “
‘Le Redoutable Sexe Opposé’: Chez les Tikar de Nditam, Cameroun Central
.” In
Femmes Plurielles: Les Représentations des Femmes Discours, Norme et Conduites
, edited by
Jonckers
Danielle
,
Carré
Renée
, and
Dupré
Marie-Claude
.
Paris
:
Ed. de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme
.
Niangoran-Bouah
,
Georges
.
1964
.
La Division du Temps et le Calendrier Rituel des Peuples Lagunaires de Côte d’Ivoire
.
Paris
:
Travaux et mémoires de l’Institut d’Ethnologie
.
Niangoran-Bouah
,
Georges
.
1973
. “
Symboles Institutionnels Chez Les Akan
.”
L’Homme
13
(
1/2
):
207
32
.
N’Zi
,
Serge Nicolas
.
2010
. “
Voyage aux Sources du Patriotisme et du Nationalisme Ivoirien/ConnectionIvoirienne.net
.”
February
7
. .
O.A.M
.
2011
. “
Justice: Les Tueurs des Danseuses d’Adjanou Récompensés
.”
Yako Cote d’Ivoire, July
. .
Ogbomo
,
Onaiwu W.
2005
. “
Women, Power and Society in Pre-Colonial Africa
.”
Lagos Historical Review: A Journal of the Department of History, University of Lagos
5
:
49
74
.
Ogwang
,
Tom
.
2011
. “
The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast
.”
Africa Portal
,
April
.
Accessed February 8, 2015. www.africaportal.org/articles
.
Okonjo
,
Kamene
.
1976
. “
The Dual-Sex Political System in Operation: Igbo Women and Community Politics in Midwestern Nigeria
.” In
Women in Africa: Studies in Social and Economic Change
, edited by
Hafkin
Nancy J.
and
Bay
Edna G.
,
45
58
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
1976
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
1991
.
Kingship, Religion and Rituals in a Nigerian Community
.
Stockholm, Sweden
:
Almqvist and Wiksell International
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
1997
. “
Women’s Rituals, Kingship and Power among the Ondo-Yoruba of Nigeria
.” In
Kaplan, Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power
,
315
36
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
2001
. “
To Praise and to Reprimand: Ancestors and Spirituality in African Society and Culture
.” In
Ancestors in Post-Contact Religion
, edited by
Friesen
Steven J.
,
49
71
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
, ed.
2004
.
Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
2005
. “
Imagining the Goddess: Gender in Yorùbá Religious Traditions and Modernity
.”
Dialogue and Alliance
18
(
2
):
71
86
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
2011
.
City of 201 Gods: Ilé-Ifè in Time, Space, and the Imagination
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
ONG— Action pour la Protection des Droits Humains [APDH]
.
2015
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Une Justice Transitionnelle...Piegée? Rapport Justice Transitionnelle Definitif
.” .
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
.
1997a
.
The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
.
1997b
. “
Visualizing the Body: Western Theories and African Subjects
.” In
The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses
,
1
30
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
, ed.
2005a
.
African Gender Studies: A Reader
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
.
2005b
. “
(Re) Constituting the Cosmology and Sociocultural Institutions of Oyo-Yoruba: Articulating the Yoruba World-Sense
.” In
Oyewùmí
,
African Gender Studies
,
99
119
.
Pernet
,
Henry
.
1992
.
Ritual Masks: Deceptions and Revelations
. Translated by
Grillo
Laura S.
.
Columbia
:
University of South Carolina Press
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1979
. “
Femmes et Pouvoir Politique dans L’ancienne Société Anyi-Ndenye (Côte d’Ivoire) [ Women and Political Power in the Old Anyi-Ndenye Society)]
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
19
(
73/76
):
219
23
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1982
. “
Formation d’États et Formation d’une Ethnie: Le Cas des Anyi-Ndenye [State Formation and Formation of an Ethnic Group: The Case of the Ndenye Anyi]
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
22
(
87/88
):
455
63
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1987
. “
La Sensibilité des Sociétés Akan du Sud-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire aux Fluctuations Démographiques [The Influence of Demographic Fluctuations on the Akan Societies of South-Eastern Ivory Coast]
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
27
(
105/106
):
167
75
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1996
. “
Genies and Humans in Anyi Country (Ivory Coast): Constraining Relations or Negotiable Exchanges?
Social Compass
43
(
2
):
171
78
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
2005
. “
L’importation du “Modèle” Akan par les Anyi au Ndenye et au Sanwi (Côte d’Ivoire)
.”
Journal des Africanistes
75
(
1
):
139
62
.
Piccolino
,
Giulia
.
2012
. “
David against Goliath in Côte d’Ivoire? Laurent Gbagbo’s War against Global Governance
.”
African Affairs
111
(
442
):
1
23
.
Piot
,
Charles
.
1999
.
Remotely Global: Village Modernity in West Africa
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1999
.
Pritchard
,
Annette
,
Jones
Eleri
, and
Gibson
Fiona
.
2010
.
The Akan Queen Mothers in Ghana and the Implications of Covert Gynocracy
.
Cardiff
:
University of Wales Cardiff School of Management
.
Prouteaux
,
Maurice
.
1921
. “
Le Culte de Séké dans la Basse Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Revue D’ethnographie et des Traditions Populaires Annee
2
:
166
87
.
Rabinow
,
Paul
, and
Marcus
George E.
, with
Faubion
James D.
and
Rees
Tobias
.
2008
.
Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Radhakrishnan
,
R.
1993
. “
Postcoloniality and Boundaries of Identity
.”
Callaloo
16
(
4
):
750
71
.
Radiosun
.
2011
. “
Manifestations des Femmes Danseuses d’Adjanou Violemment Disperses
.”
February
24
. .
Ramseyer
,
F.
, and
Kühne
J.
.
1875
.
“Vier Jahre in Asante: Tagebucher der Missionare Ramseyer und Kuhne aus der Zeit ihrer Gefangenschaft
.”Edited by
Gundert
H.
.
Basel
:
Berlag des Missionskompoirs
.
Rattray
,
R. S.
[1923] 1969
.
Ashanti
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon
.
re.ivoire-blog.com
.
2015
. “
Pourquoi Nous Avons Détruit Tous les Monuments Bâtis sous Gbagbo
.” .
Reticker
,
Gini
.
2008
.
Pray the Devil Back to Hell
.
DVD
. .
Rezo-Ivoire.net
.
2005
. “
La Référence Culturelle de la Côte d’Ivoire
.” .
RFI
.
2011
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Démolition de Statues et Monuments de L’ère Gbagbo
.”
rfi Afrique
,
April
25
. .
Richards
,
David
.
2007
. “
Another Architecture
.” In
Classics in Post-Colonial Worlds
, edited by
Harwick
Lorna
and
Gillespie
Carol
,
349
409
.
Classical Presences
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Ritzenthaler
,
Robert E.
1960
. “
Anlu: A Women’s Uprising in the British Cameroons
.”
African Studies
19
(
3
):
151
56
.
Röschenthaler
,
Ute
.
1993
.
Die Kunst der Frauen: Zur Komplementarität von Nacktheit und Maskierung bei den Ejagham im Südwesten Kameruns
.
Berlin
:
Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung
.
Röschenthaler
,
Ute
.
1998
. “
Honoring Ejagham Women
.”
African Arts
31
(
2
):
38
49
,
92
93
.
Rosen
,
David M.
1983
. “
The Peasant Context of Feminist Revolt in West Africa
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
56
(
1
):
35
43
.
Rosenthal
,
John
.
2005
. “
The Black Tuesday of the French Army
.”
TCS Daily
,
November
8
. .
Rowlands
,
M. J.
, and
De Jong
Ferdinand
.
2007
. “
Reconsidering Heritage and Memory
.” In
Reclaiming Heritage: Alternative Imaginaries of Memory in West Africa
, edited by
De Jong
Ferdinand
and
Rowlands
M. J.
,
13
27
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
Left Coast
.
Said
,
Edward W.
1989
. “
Representing the Colonized: Anthropology’s Interlocutors
.”
Critical Inquiry
15
(
2
):
205
25
.
Scott
,
Joan Wallach
.
1999
.
Gender and the Politics of History
.
Rev. Gender and Culture
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Sembou
,
Evangelia
.
2011
. “
Foucault’s Genealogy
.”
International Social Theory Consortium
.
University College
,
Cork, Ireland
. .
Shipley
,
Jesse Weaver
,
Comaroff
Jean
, and
Mbembe
Achille
.
2010
. “
Africa in Theory: A Conversation between Jean Comaroff and Achille Mbembe
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
83
(
3
):
653
78
.
Silué
,
Oumar
.
2008
. “
Marche des Femmes Contre la Flambée des Prix en Côte d’Ivoire. Mourir de Faim ou d’une Balle dans la Tête?
Les Billets de Silué
,
April
3
. .
Silva
,
Sónia
.
2011
.
Along an African Border: Angolan Refugees and Their Divination Baskets
.
Contemporary Ethnography
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Smith
,
David
.
2011
. “
Ivory Coast Women Defiant after Being Targeted by Gbagbo’s Guns
.”
Guardian
,
March
11
. .
Sorokobi
,
Ives
.
1999
. “
National Identity Politics Threaten to Destabilize the Ivory Coast
.”
New York Amsterdam News
,
September
3
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri
.
1988
. “
Can the Subaltern Speak?
” In
Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture
, edited by
Nelson
Cary
,
271
316
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1988
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri
.
1990
. “
Poststructuralism, Marginality, Postcoloniality and Value
.” In
Literary Theory Today
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Steger
,
Manfred B.
2008
.
The Rise of the Global Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the Global War on Terror
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Stevens
,
Phillips
, Jr.
2006
. “
Women’s Aggressive Use of Genital Power in Africa
.”
Transcultural Psychiatry
43
(
4
):
592
99
.
Stoeltje
,
Beverly J.
1997
. “
Asante Queen Mothers: A Study in Female Authority
.” In
Kaplan
,
Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power
,
41
71
.
Strobel
,
Margaret
.
1982
. “
African Women’s History
.”
History Teacher
15
(
4
):
509
22
.
Taky
,
F.
2014
. “
Hommage Aux Danseuses d’Adjanou: Assassinées Pour Avoir Dansé
.”
Le blog de bouanzitaky.over-blog.com
,
May
22
. .
Tanoh
,
Benoît
.
2003
. “
Loi D’amnistie: Les Femmes, Victimes de Guerre, Prêtes à Marcher sur l’Assemblée Nationale
.”
Politique
.
Mediaf: Le Réseau des Médias Francophones
,
August
.
Accessed July 5, 2015. http://mediaf.org/?p=184
.
Ter Haar
,
Gerrie
.
2007
.
Imagining Evil: Witchcraft Beliefs and Accusations in Contemporary Africa
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Terretta
,
Meredith
.
2007
. “
A Miscarriage of Revolution: Cameroonian Women and Nationalism
.”
Stichproben: Wiener Zeitschrift für Kritische Afrikastudien
12
(
7
):
61
96
.
Thomann
,
Georges
.
1903
.
De La Côte d’Ivoire Au Soudan Français. Renseignements Coloniaux et Documents 1
.
Paris
:
Bulletin du comité de l’Afrique Française
.
Thompson
,
Robert Farris
, and
Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery
.
1974
.
African Art in Motion
.
Los Angeles
:
University of California Press
.
TogoVisions
.
2013a
.
Contre L’injustice et L’impunité au Togo, des Femmes Manifestent à Moitié Dénudées
.
Accessed January 25, 2016. Togo: TogoVisions. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VDb5kPLJBgU
.
TogoVisions
.
2013b
.
Les Femmes de Bè se Dénudent pour Exprimer Leur Colère Contre les Abus Policiers
.
January
11
. .
Toh
,
Nemlin François
,
Yah
N’guessan Donatien
,
Yeo
Fonon Fatogoma
, and
Yeo
Ouagnonfèhè Amara
.
2013
. “
Les Premiers Habitants de la Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Exposé Universitaire. Travaux dirigés Group 09 and 10
.
Abidjan
:
Université Alassane Ouattara
.
Toungara
,
Jeanne Maddox
.
2001
. “
Changing the Meaning of Marriage: Women and Family Law in Côte d’Ivoire
.” In
Gender Perspectives on Property and Inheritance: A Global Source Book
, edited by
Cummings
Sarah
,
33
51
.
Amsterdam
:
kit
.
Tripp
,
Aili Mari
,
Casimiro
Isabel
,
Kwesiga
Joy
, and
Mungwa
Alice
.
2008
.
African Women’s Movements: Transforming Political Landscapes
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Turner
,
Victor W.
1969
.
The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure
.
Chicago
:
Aldine
.
UNESCO
.
2016
. “
Text of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage— Intangible Heritage— Culture Sector
.” .
UNHCR
.
2007
. “
Cote d’Ivoire— Targeting Women: The Forgotten Victims of the Conflict
.”
Refworld
. .
UNPF [ United Nations Population Fund]
.
2007
.
Ivoiriennes aujourd’hui
. Edited by
Touré
Moussa
,
Manouan
Anna
, and
Froger-Fortaillier
Viviane
.
Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
:
Editions sepia
,
2007
.
Valliere
,
Paul
.
2005
. “
Tradition
.” In
Encyclopedia of Religion
, 2nd ed., edited by
Jones
Lindsay
,
9267–80
.
New York
:
Macmillan Reference USA
,
2005
.
van Allen
,
Judith
.
1972
. “
‘Sitting on a Man’: Colonialism and the Lost Political Institutions of Igbo Women
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
6
(
2
):
165
81
.
van Binsbergen
,
Wim
.
1999
. “
Globalization and Virtuality: Analytical Problems Posed by the Contemporary Transformation of African Societies
.” In
Globalization and Identity: Dialectics of Flow and Closure
, edited by
Meyer
Birgit
and
Geschiere
Peter
,
273
303
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
van Dijk
,
Rijk
.
1998
. “
Pentecostalism, Cultural Memory and the State: Contested Representations of Time in Postcolonial Malawi
.” In
Memory and the Postcolony
, edited by
Werbner
Richard
,
155
81
.
London
:
Zed
.
Village de Grand-Alépé
.
2012
. “
La Génération ou Foqué
.” .
Visonà
,
Monica Blackmun
.
2010
.
Constructing African Art Histories for the Lagoons of Côte d’Ivoire
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Vogel
,
Susan Mullin
, and
Yale University Art Gallery
.
1997
.
Baule: African Art, Western Eyes
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
.
WEF [World Economic Forum], in collaboration with kpmg International
.
2013
. “
The Future Role of Civil Society
.”
World Scenario Series
. .
Wells
,
Matthew
.
2012
. “
One Year On, Duékoué Massacre Belies Ouattara Government’s Promises of Impartial Justice
.”
Human Rights Watch
,
March
29
. .
Wells
,
Matthew
,
Hassan
Tirana
, and
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2010
.
Afraid and Forgotten: Lawlessness, Rape, and Impunity in Western Côte d’Ivoire
.
New York
:
Human Rights Watch
. .
Werbner
,
Richard
, ed.
1998
.
Memory and the Postcolony: African Anthropology and the Critique of Power
.
London
:
Zed
.
Widener
,
Jennifer
.
1994
. “
The Rise of Civic Associations among Farmers in Côte d’Ivoire
.” In
Harbeson, Rothchld, and Chazan
,
Civil Society and the State in Africa
,
191
211
.
Wieviorka
,
Michel
.
2003
. “
The New Paradigm of Violence
.” In
Globalization, the State, and Violence
, edited by
Friedman
Jonathan
,
107
39
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
AltaMira
.
Witte
,
Hans
.
1985–86
.
The Invisible Mothers: Female Power in Yoruba Iconography
.
Leiden
:
Visible Religion
.
Zeka
,
Togui
.
2011
. “
Manifestation des Femmes Patriotes à Paris: ‘Les Kodjos Rouges en Action pour la Malediction Effective’
.”
La Dépêche d’Abidjan
,
July
. .
Zobo
,
Paulin
.
2004
. “
Cote d’Ivoire: Réconciliation Nationale: Les Femmes Victimes de Guerre Exigent Leur Réinsertion Sociale
.”
Fr. Allafrica.com—Fraternité Matin
,
January
10
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

References

References
28TooMany.org
.
2014
. “
28 Too Many (2014) Country Profile: FGM in Liberia
.” .
Adédé
,
Schadé
.
2011
. “
Destruction de Monuments de la Ville d’Abidjan: Quand la Superstition Prend le Pouvoir en Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Le Blog de Aymard
,
June
1
. .
Adler
,
Alfred
.
2007
. “
Initiation, Royauté et Fémininité en Afrique Noire: En Deça ou Au-Delà de la Difference des Sexes: Logique Politique ou Logique Initiatique?
L’Homme
183
:
77
115
.
Adriel
.
2012
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Alassane Ouattara Dribble les Génies!
Koaci Infos, February 4
. .
AFP
.
2015
.
Côte d’Ivoire: Des Femmes Réunies en Soutien à Gbagbo
. .
Aidoo
,
Agnes A.
1977
. “
Order and Conflict in the Asante Empire: A Study in Interest Group Relations
.”
African Studies Review
20
(
1
):
1
36
.
Akyeampong
,
Emmanuel
, and
Obeng
Pashington
.
2005
. “
Spirituality, Gender and Power in Asante History
.” In
Oyewùmí, African Gender Studies
,
23
48
.
Al-Kassim
,
Dina
.
2008
. “
Archiving Resistance: Women’s Testimony at the Threshold of the State
.”
Cultural Dynamics
20
(
2
):
167
92
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
1987
.
Male Daughters, Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in an African Society
.
London
:
Zed
,
1987
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
1997
.
Re-Inventing Africa: Matriarchy, Religion, and Culture
.
Black Women Writers
.
London
:
Zed
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
2002
. “
Bodies, Choices, Globalizing Neocolonial Enchantments: African Matriarchs and Mammy Water
.”
Meridians
2
(
2
):
41
66
.
Amadiume
,
Ifi
.
2005
. “
Theorizing Matriarchy in Africa: Kinship Ideologies and Systems in Africa and Europe
.” In
Oyewùmí, African Gender Studies
,
83
98
.
Amnesty International
.
2006
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Clashes between Peacekeeping Forces and Civilians: Lessons for the Future
.”
Index number: AFR 31/005/2006
.
September
18
. .
Amnesty International
.
2007
. “
Cote d’Ivoire—Targeting Women: The Forgotten Victims of the Conflict
.”
March
15
. .
Amnesty International
.
2013a
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Revenge and Repression under the Pretense of Ensuring Security
.”
February
26
. .
Amnesty International
.
2013b
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: The Victor’s Law: The Human Rights Situation Two Years after the Post-Electoral Crisis
.”
London, February
. .
Anctogo.com
.
2013
. “
Les Femmes Togolaises Manifestent Leur Inquiétude et Leur Colère à Travers les Rues de Lomé
.”
May
22
. .
Anderson
,
Benedict
.
1991
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
.
London
:
Verso
.
Antze
,
Paul
, and
Lambek
,
Paul
eds.
1996
.
Tense Past: Cultural Essays in Trauma and Memory
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1995
. “
The Production of Locality
.” In
Counterworks: Managing the Diversity of Knowledge
, edited by
Fardon
R.
,
204
25
.
ASA Decennial Conference series “The Uses of Knowledge: Global and Local Relations”
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Appadurai
,
Arjun
.
1999
. “
Dead Certainty: Ethnic Violence in the Era of Globalization
.” In
Globalization and Identity: Dialectics of Flow and Closure
, edited by
Meyer
Birgit
and
Geschiere
Peter
,
305
24
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Apter
,
Andrew H.
2007
.
Beyond Words: Discourse and Critical Agency in Africa
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Apter
,
Andrew H.
2012
. “
Matrilineal Motives: Kinship, Witchcraft, and Repatriation among Congolese Refugees
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
18
(
1
):
22
44
.
Araoye
,
Lasisi Ademola
.
2012
.
Côte d’Ivoire: The Conundrum of a Still Wretched of the Earth
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Ardener
,
Shirley G.
1973
. “
Sexual Insult and Female Militancy
.”
Man
8
(
3
):
422
40
.
Ardener
,
Shirley G.
1975
.
Perceiving Women
.
London
:
Malaby
.
Arens
,
W.
, and
Karp
Ivan
, eds.
1989
.
Creativity of Power: Cosmology and Action in African Societies
.
Washington, DC
:
Smithsonian Institution Press
.
Assmann
,
Jan
.
2006
.
Religion and Cultural Memory: Ten Studies
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Augé
,
Marc
.
1976
. “
Savoir Voir et Savoir Vivre: Les Croyances à la Sorcellerie en Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
46
(
2
):
128
36
.
AVDC
.
2013
. “
AVDC: Association Vaudoise de Danse Contemporaine: Auditions
.”
August
30
. .
Awasom
,
Sussana Yene
.
2005
. “
Anlu and Takubeng: The Adaptation of Traditional Female Political Institutions to Modern Politics in Cameroon
.” In
Tradition and Politics: Indigenous Political Structures in Africa
, edited by
Vaughan
Olufemi
,
353
63
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Aymard
.
2011
.
L’armée Française ouvre les massacres en Côte d’Ivoire...partie 1.mp4
.
January
4
. .
Badmus
,
Isiaka Alani
.
2009
. “
Even the Stones Are Burning: Explaining the Ethnic Dimensions of the Civil War in Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Journal of Social Science
18
(
1
):
45
57
.
Bal
,
Mieke
.
1999
.
Acts of Memory: Cultural Recall in the Present
.
Hanover, NH
:
University Press of New England
.
Bannister
,
Matthew
.
2011
. “
Aya Virginie Touré Interviewed by bbc
.”
BBC World Service Outlook
.
London and Abidjan
,
December
3
. .
Barnes
,
Sandra T.
1997
. “
Gender and the Politics of Support and Protection in Precolonial West Africa
.” In
Kaplan
,
Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power
,
1
18
.
Bass
,
Gary J.
2006
. “
What Really Causes Civil War?
New York Times Magazine
,
August
13
. .
Bastian
,
Misty L.
2000
. “
Young Converts: Christian Missions, Gender and Youth in Onitsha, Nigeria 1880–1929
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
73
(
3
):
145
58
.
Bastian
,
Misty L.
2002
. “
‘Vultures of the Marketplace’: Southeastern Nigerian Women and Discourses of the Ogu Umanwaanyi (Woman’s War) of 1929
.” In
Women in African Colonial Histories
, edited by
Geiger
Susan
,
Musisi
Nakanyike
, and
Allman
Jean Marie
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Bayart
,
Jean-François
.
1986
. “
Civil Society in Africa
.” In
Chabal
,
Political Domination in Africa
,
109
25
.
Bazin
,
Jean
.
1988
. “
Princes Désarmés, Corps Dangereux: Les ‘Rois-Femmes’ de la Région de Segu (Disarmed Princes, Dangerous Bodies: ‘Women-Kings’ in the Segu Area)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
28
(
111–12
):
375
441
.
BBC
.
2011
. “
23/03/2011, Outlook—BBC World Service
.”
March
23
. .
BBC News
.
2007
. “
Ivoirian Women ‘Forgotten Victims’
.”
March
15
. .
BBC News
.
2011a
. “
Aya Virginie Touré Interviewed by BBC
.”
BBC World Service Outlook
,
London
,
December
3
. .
BBC News
.
2011b
. “
Ivory Coast Eyewitness: Women ‘Slaughtered by Soldiers’
.”
March
4
. .
BBC News
.
2011c
. “
Ivory Coast: Anti-Gbagbo Protesters Killed in Abidjan
.”
bbc News Africa
,
March
8
. .
BBC News
.
2011d
. “
Ivory Coast: Women ‘Shot during Pro-Ouattara March’
.”
BBC
,
March
3
. .
BBC News
.
2015
. “
Togo’s Faure Gnassingbe Wins Third Term as President
.”
BBC News
,
April
29
,
sec. Africa
. .
Bell
,
Nawal Morcos
.
1972
. “
The Age of Mansa Musa of Mali: Problems in Succession and Chronology
.”
International Journal of African Historical Studies
5
(
2
):
221
34
.
Bellman
,
Beryl Larry
.
1984
.
The Language of Secrecy: Symbols and Metaphors in Poro Ritual
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1984
.
Benavides
,
Gustavo
.
1998
. “
Modernity
.” In
Critical Terms for Religious Studies
, edited by
Taylor
Mark C.
,
186
202
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Berger
,
Iris
, and
White
E. Frances
.
1999
.
Women in Sub-Saharan Africa: Restoring Women to History
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Bewes
,
Timothy
.
2006
. “
Shame, Ventriloquy, and the Problem of the Cliché in Caryl Phillips
.”
Cultural Critique
63
:
33
60
.
Bhabha
,
Homi K.
1994
.
The Location of Culture
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Biddick
,
Kathleen
.
1993
. “
Genders, Bodies, Borders: Technologies of the Visible
.”
Speculum
68
(
2
):
389
418
.
Bindé
,
Jérôme
.
2001
. “
Towards an Ethics of the Future
.” In
Globalization
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
90
113
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Bledsoe
,
Caroline
.
1980
.
Women and Marriage in Kpelle Society
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Blier
,
Suzanne Preston
.
1995
.
African Vodun: Art, Psychology, and Power
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1995
.
Boisvert
,
Marc-André
.
2013
. “
Local Militias Hold Sway in Cote d’Ivoire’s Lawless Duékoué/Inter Press Service
.”
December
22
. .
Bolougbeu
,
Elisée
.
2011
. “
Une Manifestation de Femmes Dispersée par la Garde Républicaine (Gr)
.”
February
. .
Bonai
,
Cordélia
.
2012
. “
Au Togo, une Grève du Sexe Très Politique
.”
Libération.fr
,
August
28
. .
Boni
,
Stefano
.
2008
. “
Female Cleansing of the Community: The Momome Ritual of the Akan World
.”
Cahiers D’études Africaines
4
:
765
90
.
Boone
,
Sylvia Ardyn
.
1986
.
Radiance from the Waters: Ideals of Feminine Beauty in Mende Art
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
,
1986
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
Outline of a Theory of Practice
. Translated by
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1977
.
Bro-Grébé
,
Geneviève
.
2004
.
Mon Combat pour la Patrie: Mémoires d’une Guerre
.
Abidjan-Riviera
:
PUCI
,
2004
.
Butler
,
Beverley
.
2007
. “
‘Taking on a Tradition’: African Heritage and the Testimony of Memory’
.” In
Reclaiming Heritage
, edited by
De Jong
Ferdinand
and
Rowlands
M. J.
,
31
69
.
Critical Perspectives on Cultural Heritage
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
Left Coast
.
Butler
,
Judith
.
1999
.
Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Byaruhanga
,
Catherine
.
2015
. “
The Ugandan Women Who Strip to Defend Their Land
.”
BBC News Africa
,
June
1
. .
Callimachi
,
Rukmini
.
2011
. “
Ivory Coast Forces Kill 6 Women in Protest
.”
Huӽngton Post
,
March
3
. ...
Canal+
.
2004
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Quatre Jours de Feu
.”
November
30
. .
Chabal
,
Patrick
, ed.
1986
.
Political Domination in Africa: Reflections on the Limits of Power
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Chauveau
,
Jean-Pierre
.
2001
. “
La Question Foncière en Côte d’Ivoire et le Coup d’Etat, ou: Comment Remettre à Zéro le Compteur de L’histoire
.”
London: International Institute for Environment and Development
.
Chauveau
,
Jean-Pierre
, and
Richards
Paul
.
2008
. “
West African Insurgencies in Agrarian Perspective: Côte d’Ivoire and Sierra Leone Compared
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
8
(
4
):
515
52
.
Chidester
,
David
.
2004
. “
‘Classify and Conquer’: Friedrich Max Müller, Indigenous Religious Traditions, and Imperial Comparative Religion
.” In
Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity
, edited by
Olupona
Jacob K.
,
71
88
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Christaller
,
J. G.
1879
.
Twi Mmebusem Mpensa-Ahansia Mmoano: A Collection of 3600 Tshi Proverbs in Use among the Negroes of the Gold Coast Speaking the Asante and Fante Language
.
Basel
:
Missionsbuchhandlung
.
Clifford
,
James
.
1986
.
Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
CNNIC [China Internet Network Information Center]
.
2011
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Manifestations Séparées des Femmes pro-Gbagbo et pro-Ouattara pour Réclamer la Paix dans le Pays Plongé dans la Violence (SYNTHESE)
.”
March
8
. .
CNN Wire Staff
.
2011
. “
‘International Women’s Day: Defiant Women March at Site of Grisly Killings’
.”
CNN World—Africa
,
March
9
. .
Cole
,
Catherine M.
,
Manuh
Takyiwaa
, and
Miescher
Stephan F.
, eds.
2007
.
Africa after Gender?
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Comaroff
,
John L.
, and
Comaroff
Jean
.
1999
.
Civil Society and the Political Imagination in Africa: Critical Perspectives
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Cossette
,
Ritha
.
2013
.
Éthique de la communication appliquée aux relations publiques
.
Québec City, Canada
:
Presses de l’Université de Québec
.
Cramer
,
Christopher
.
2006
.
Civil War Is Not a Stupid Thing: Accounting for Violence in Developing Countries
.
London
:
Hurst
.
Csordas
,
Thomas J.
2013
. “
Morality as a Cultural System?
Current Antrhopology
54
(
5
):
523
46
.
Daily Independent
.
2015
. “
Women Protest Naked in Ekiti
.”
March
. .
Dankwa
,
Serena Owusua
.
2005
. “
‘Shameless Maidens’: Women’s Agency and the Mission Project in Akuapem
.”
Agenda
63
:
104
16
.
De Jong
,
Ferdinand
, and
Rowlands
M. J.
.
2007
.
Reclaiming Heritage: Alternative Imaginaries of Memory in West Africa
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
Left Coast
.
Delafosse
,
M.
1913
. “
Coutumes Observées par les Femmes en Temps de Guerre Chez les Agnis de Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Revue d’Ethnographie et de Sociologie
4
:
266
68
.
Delanne
,
Philippe
,
Froger-Fortaillier
Viviane
,
Kouao
Bernardine Biot
, and
Kouadio
Martin Aka
, eds.
2009
.
Arts au Féminin en Côte d’Ivoire
.
Paris
:
Le Cherche midi
.
Devisch
,
René
.
1995
. “
Frenzy, Violence, and Ethical Renewal in Kinshasa
.”
Public Culture
7
(
3
):
593
629
.
Diallo
.
2011
. “
La Famille Boigny Indignée: ‘La Résidence d’Houphouët est Devenue une Poudrière’
.”
Abidjan.net Nord-Sud
,
September
2
. .
Diduk
,
Susan
.
1989
. “
Women’s Agricultural Production and Political Action in the Cameroon Grassfields
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
59
(
3
):
338
55
.
Diduk
,
Susan
.
2004
. “
The Civility of Incivility: Grassroots Political Activism, Female Farmers, and the Cameroon State
.”
African Studies Review
47
(
2
):
27
54
.
Dikeblé
,
Joséphine
, and
Hiba
Madeleine
.
1975
. “
La Femme dans la Vie Politique Traditionalle des Sociétés à Etat du Centre, de L’est et du Sud-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire
.” In
La Civilisation de la Femme dans la Tradition Africaine: Rencontre Organisée par la Société Africaine de Culture
.
Paris
:
Présence Africaine
.
Dindé
,
Fernand
.
2011
. “
Femmes Danseuses D’adjanou de Sakassou
.”
Regards Croisés: Le Blog de Fernand Dindé
,
March
5
. .
Diop
,
Cheikh Anta
.
1974
.
The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality
.
New York
:
L. Hill
.
Diop
,
Cheikh Anta
.
1978
.
The Cultural Unity of Black Africa: The Domains of Patriarchy and of Matriarchy in Classical Antiquity
.
Chicago
:
Third World
.
Djé
,
Abel
.
2012
. “
Cérémonie de purification de la Cdvr: Banny Convoque les Morts, Désiré Tanoé s’Écroule
.”
Eburnienews.net
,
March
18
. .
Djibo
,
Hadiza
.
2001
.
La Participation des Femmes Africaines à la Vie Politique: Les Exemples du Sénégal et du Niger
.
Collection Sociétés Africaines et Diaspora
.
Paris
:
Harmattan
.
Djinko
,
Nicole Bancouly
.
2003
. “
‘Un Génocide des Baoulé est Mis en oeuvre’ Massacre des Danseuses d’adjanou l’unique Rescapée Témoigne
.”
L’Inter
,
March
3
. .
Douglas
,
Mary
.
1969
. “
Is Matriliny Doomed in Africa?
” In
Man in Africa
,
121
35
.
London
:
Tavistock
,
1969
.
Douglas
,
Mary
.
2004
. “
Traditional Culture— Let’s Hear No More about It
.” In
Culture and Public Action
, edited by
Rao
Vijayendra
and
Walton
Michael
,
85
109
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Dozon
,
Jean-Pierre
.
1979
. “
La Parenté Mise à Nu, ou Pandore Chez les Bete de Côte d’Ivoire (Kinship Laid Bare, or Pandora among the Bete [Ivory Coast])
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
19
(
73/76
):
101
10
.
Dozon
,
Jean-Pierre
.
2007
. “
Les Déchirures Ivoiriennes: Entre Excés et Manque de Transcendance. (French)
.”
Social Compass
54
(
4
):
593
602
.
Drewal
,
Henry
.
1977
. “
Art and the Perception of Women in Yorùbá Culture (L’art et Le Concept de Féminité Dans La Culture Yoruba)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
17
(
68
):
545
67
.
Drewal
,
Henry John
, and
Drewal
Margaret Thompson
.
1983
.
Gẹlẹdẹ: Art and Female Power among the Yoruba
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Drewal
,
Margaret Thompson
.
1992
.
Yoruba Ritual: Performers, Play, Agency
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Dreyfus
,
Hubert L.
, and
Rabinow
Paul
.
1982
. “
Interpretive Analytics
.” In
Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics
,
104
26
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Dubuisson
,
Daniel
.
2003
.
The Western Construction of Religion: Myths, Knowledge, and Ideology
. Translated by
Sayers
William
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Dupire
,
Marguerite
, and
Boutillier
J.-L.
.
1959
. “
Le Pays Adioukrou et Sa Palmeraie (Basse Côte-d’Ivoire)
.”
Population
14
(
1
):
166
67
.
Duval
,
Philippe
.
2003
. “
Villepin Chahuté à Abidjan
.”
Le Parisien
,
January
4
. .
Elbadawi
,
E.
, and
Sambanis
N.
.
2000
. “
Why Are There So Many Civil Wars in Africa? Understanding and Preventing Violent Conflict
.”
Journal of African Economies
9
(
3
):
244
69
.
Eliade
,
Mircea
.
1968
. “
Masks: Mythical and Ritual Origins
.”
Encyclopaedia of World Art
. Vol.
8
.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
.
2001
. “
Mystical Weapons: Some Evidence from the Liberian War
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
31
(
2
):
222
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
.
2007
. “
Witching-Times: A Theme in the Histories of Africa and Europe
.” In
Imagining Evil: Witchcraft Beliefs and Accusations in Contemporary Africa
, edited by
ter Haar
Gerrie
,
31
53
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
, and
Haar
Gerrie Ter
.
1998
. “
Religion and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa
.”
Journal of Modern African Studies
36
(
2
):
175
201
.
Ellis
,
Stephen
, and
Haar
Gerrie Ter
.
2004
.
Worlds of Power: Religious Thought and Political Practice in Africa
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2004
.
Euronews
.
2011
. “
Ivory Coast: Women, the ‘Forgotten Victims’
.”
July
3
. .
Evans-Pritchard
,
E. E.
1929
. “
Some Collective Expressions of Obscenity in Africa
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
59
:
311
31
.
Fatton
,
Robert
.
1995
. “
Africa in the Age of Democratization: The Civic Limitations of Civil Society
.”
African Studies Review
38
(
2
):
67
99
.
Fatton
,
Robert
.
1999
. “
Civil Society Revisited: Africa in the New Millennium
.”
West Africa Review
1
(
1
).
Fauré
,
Yves
.
1993
. “
Democracy and Realism: Reflections on the Case of Cote d’Ivoire
.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
63
(
3
):
313
29
.
FIDH-LIDHO-MIDH
.
2013
. “
Ivory Coast: The Fight against Impunity at a Crossroad
.”
October
. .
FIDH–Worldwide Human Rights Movement
.
2013
. “
Ivory Coast: 43 Women Who Suffered Sexual Violence during the Post-Election Crisis Finally Access Justice
.”
June
3
. .
Fiéloux
,
Michèle
.
1977
. “
‘Femmes Invisibles’ et ‘Femmes Muettes’: À Propos des Événements Ibo de 1929 (‘Invisible’ and ‘Mute’ Women: Concerning the Ibo Riots of 1929)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
17
(
65
):
189
94
.
Fonchingong
,
Charles C.
, and
Tanga
Pius T.
.
2007
. “
Crossing Rural-Urban Spaces: The ‘Takumbeng’ and Activism in Cameroon’s Democratic Crusade
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
47
(
185
):
117
43
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1977
. “
Nietzsche, Genealogy, History
.” In
Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews
, edited by
Bouchard
D. F.
,
139
64
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
,
1977
.
Foucault
,
Michel
, and
Gordon
Colin
.
1980
.
Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977
.
New York
:
Pantheon
.
Foucault
,
Michel
,
Rabinow
Paul
, and
Rogers
D.
.
Spotswood Collection
.
1984
.
The Foucault Reader
.
New York
:
Pantheon
.
Fred-Lille
.
2011
.
Côte d’Ivoire—7 Femmes Tuées lors d’une Manifestation 05-03-2011
. .
Freud
,
Sigmund
.
2003
.
The Uncanny
. Translated by
McLintock
David
.
London
:
Penguin Classics
.
Friesen
,
Steven J.
, ed.
2001
.
Ancestors in Post-Contact Religion: Roots, Ruptures, and Modernity’s Memory
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard Divinity School
.
Frindéthié
,
K. Martial
.
2012
. “
Dancers of Adjanou
.”
March
15
. .
Geertz
,
Clifford
.
1995
.
After the Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist
.
Cambridge, Mass
.:
Harvard University Press
,
1995
.
Geschiere
,
Peter
.
1997
.
The Modernity of Witchcraft: Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa
. Translated by
Geschiere
Peter
and
Roitman
Janet L.
Charlottesville
:
University Press of Virginia
.
Geschiere
,
Peter
.
2008
. “
Witchcraft and the State: Cameroon and South Africa; Ambiguities of ‘Reality’ and ‘Superstition’
.”
Past and Present
,
August
3
,
313
35
.
Geschiere
,
Peter
.
2013
.
Witchcraft, Intimacy, and Trust: Africa in Comparison
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Gibson
,
Fiona
.
2010
. “
The Akan Queen Mothers in Ghana and the Implications of Covert Gynocracy
.”
Thesis. University of Wales, Cardiff
. .
Gilbert
,
Michelle
.
1993
. “
The Cimmerian Darkness of Intrigue: Queen Mothers, Christianity and Truth in Akuapem History
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
23
(
1
):
2
43
. .
Gluckman
,
Max
.
Rituals of Rebellion in South-East Africa
.
Manchester, UK
:
Manchester University Press
,
1954
.
Gneproust
,
Marcelline
.
2011
. “
Les Victimes de Guerre de 2002 Veulent Être Prises en Compte
.”
Fraternité Matin
,
July
8
. .
Godson
,
K.
2013
. “
Togo: Une Marche de Femmes Nues du CST/FRAC en Perspective?/Actualité au Togo, Afrique et Monde
.”
27avril.com, Actualité Au Togo, Afrique et Monde
.
April
24
. .
Gold Coast Nation
.
1913
. “
Semi-Nude Women Parading
.”
March
27
.
Gouegnon
,
Tierry
.
2011
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Les Femmes en Première Ligne
.”
Paris Match
. .
GOUV.CI
.
2015
. “
Remise du Rapport Final de la CDVR: Charles Konan Banny Recommande des Journées Nationales de la Mémoire et du Pardon
.”
December
12
. .
Grah Mel
,
Frédéric
.
2010
.
Félix Houphouët-Boigny: Biographie. Vol. 2, L’épreuve du Pouvoir
.
Abidjan
:
Éd. du CERAP
.
Griaule
,
Marcel
, and
Dieterlen
Germaine
.
1965
.
Le Renard Pâle
.
Paris
:
Institut d’ethnologie
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
1999
. “
African Religions
.”
Encyclopedia Britannica Online
.
Chicago
:
Encyclopedia Britannica
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2009
. “
Divination: Epistemology, Agency, and Identity in Contemporary Urban West Africa
.”
Religion Compass
3
:
921
34
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2010
. “
‘When You Make Sacrifice, No One Is a Stranger’: Divination, Sacrifice and Identity among Translocals in the West African Urban Diaspora
.” In
Religion Crossing Boundaries: Transnational Dynamics in African and the New African Diasporic Religions
, edited by
Adogame
A.
and
Spickard
J.
,
143
64
.
Religion and Social Order series
.
Leiden
:
E. J. Brill
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2012
. “
Female Genital Power in Ritual and Politics: Violation and Deployment
.”
Cultural Anthropology, Hot Spot Forum
,
July
9
. .
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2013
. “
Catachresis in Côte d’Ivoire: Female Genital Power in Religious Ritual and Political Resistance
.”
Religion and Gender
3
(
2
):
188
206
.
Grillo
,
Laura S.
2014
. “
Ironic Reversals: Gender, Power and Sacrality in Ile-Ife
.”
Journal of Africana Religions
2
(
4
):
465
77
.
Gueye
,
J. B.
2004
. “
‘Sourires de l’ Hôtel Ivoire’
.” AbidjanDirect. .
Guyer
,
Jane
.
1994
. “
The Spatial Dimensions of Civil Society in Africa: An Anthropologist Looks at Nigeria
.” In
Harbeson, Rothchild, and Chazan
,
Civil Society and the State in Africa
,
215
30
.
Harbeson
,
John W.
,
Rothchild
Donald S.
, and
Chazan
Naomi
, eds.
1994
.
Civil Society and the State in Africa
.
Boulder, CO
:
Lynne Rienner
.
Hauenstein
,
Alfred
.
1984
. “
L’eau et les Cours D’eau dans Différents Rites et Coutumes en Afrique Occidentale
.”
Anthropos
79
(
4/6
):
569
85
.
Hellweg
,
Joseph
.
2011
.
Hunting the Ethical State: The Benkadi Movement of Côte d’Ivoire
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Horton
,
Robin
.
1967
. “
African Traditional Thought and Western Science
.”
Part I, “From Tradition to Science.”
Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
37
(
1
):
50
71
.
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2006
. “
‘ Because They Have the Guns…I’m Left with Nothing’: The Price of Continuing Impunity in Côte d’Ivoire
.”
May
25
.
Accessed July 6, 2013. http://www.hrw.org
.
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2007
. “
‘My Heart Is Cut’: Sexual Violence by Rebels and Pro-Government Forces in Côte d’Ivoire
.”
August
3
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2010
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Rampant Criminality, Sexual Violence in West
.”
October
22
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2011a
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Ouattara Forces Kill, Rape Civilians During Offensive
.”
April
9
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2011b
. “
‘They Killed Them like It Was Nothing’: The Need for Justice for Côte d’Ivoire’s Post-Election Crimes
.”
October
5
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2013
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: 2 Years In, Uneven Progress— Root Causes of Politico-Military Violence Largely Unaddressed
.”
May
21
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2014
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Nowhere to Turn for Protection
.”
December
14
. .
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2015
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Don’t Shut Down Investigations. Support Justice for Grave Post-Election Abuses
.”
June
16
. .
Humanities and Social Sciences Online
.
2013
. “
Ethnopornography: Sexuality, Colonialism and Anthropological Knowing
.”
August
28
. .
Hunt
,
Nancy Rose
.
1989
. “
Placing African Women’s History and Locating Gender
.”
Social History
14
(
3
):
359
79
.
Huyssen
,
Andreas
.
2001
. “
Present Pasts: Media, Politics, Amnesia
.” In
Globalization
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
,
57
77
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Ifeka-Moller
,
Caroline
.
1973
. “
‘Sitting on a Man: Colonialism and the Lost Political Institutions of Igbo Women’: A Reply to Judith Van Allen
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
7
(
2
):
317
18
.
Ifeka-Moller
,
Caroline
.
1975
. “
Female Militancy and Colonial Revolt: The Women’s War of 1929, Eastern Nigeria
.” In
Perceiving Women
, edited by
Ardener
Shirley
.
London
:
Malaby
.
Ikeji
,
Linda
.
2009
. “
Welcome to Linda Ikeji’s Blog: Half Naked Ekiti Women Protest
.”
Welcome to Linda Ikeji’s Blog
,
April
30
. .
Ina.fr
.
2003
. “
Dominique de Villepin À Abidjan
.”
January
3
.
Accessed August 6, 2015. http://www.ina.fr/video/2186833001037
.
Jambo Jambo News Channel
.
2014
.
Les Mamans du Kananga Marchent Nues pour Soutenir Leur Gouverneur!
.
James
,
Wendy
.
1978
. “
Matrifocus on African Women
.” In
Defining Females: The Nature of Women in Society
, edited by
Ardener
Shirley
.
New York
:
Wiley
.
Jaspers
,
Karl
.
1976
.
The Origin and Goal of History
. Translated by
Bullock
Michael
.
Westport, CT
:
Greenwood Press
.
Jeremy
.
2009
. “
Naijablog: Scenes from Today’s Naked Protest in Ekiti
.”
April
29
. .
JeuneAfrique.com
.
2013
. “
Togo: Des Femmes S’inspirent des Femen pour Dénoncer le Décès d’un Opposant
.”
May
20
. .
Jones
,
Adam
.
1993
. “
‘My Arse for Akou’: A Wartime Ritual of Women on the Nineteenth-Century Gold Coast (Un Rituel de Guerre Féminin sur la Côte de l’Or au XIXe Siècle)
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
33
(
132
):
545
66
.
Joy
,
Morny
. “
Feminist Scholarship: The Challenge to Ethics
.” In
Life Ethics in World Religions
,
139
56
.
Atlanta
:
Scholars Press
,
1998
.
Joy
,
Morny
.
2001
. “
Postcolonial Reflections: Challenges for Religious Studies
.”
Method and Theory in the Study of Religion
13
(
2
):
177
95
.
Joy
,
Morny
.
2006
. “
Gender and Religion: A Volatile Mixture
.”
Temenos
42
(
1
):
7
30
.
Joy
,
Morny
.
2010
. “
The Impact of Gender on Religious Studies
.”
Part of Special Issue: Current Perspectives on Gender Studies
57
(
1
):
93
102
.
Jung
,
Carl Gustav
.
The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Volume 11: Psychology and Religion: West and East
. Translated by
Hull
R. F. C.
.
Bollingen Series XX
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1958
.
Kah
,
Henry Kam
.
2011
. “
Women’s Resistance in Cameroon’s Western Grassfields: The Power of Symbols, Organization, and Leadership, 1957–1961
.”
African Studies Quarterly
12
(
3
):
67
91
.
Kaplan
,
Flora Edouwaye S.
Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power: Case Studies in African Gender
.
New York
:
New York Academy of Sciences
.
Keita
,
Outélé
.
2015
. “
Massacre des Femmes d’Abobo: Le Procès des Tenants du Bissap
.”
Editions Le Pays
,
August
6
. .
Koby Assa
,
Théophile
.
1981
. “
Le Systeme Spatial de L’odjoukrou
.”
Annales de l’Université d’Abidjan
.
Geographie
Série G.
, no.
10
,
93
114
.
Koffi
,
Daniel Messan
.
2012
. “
Togo: Les Femmes Toujours Mobilisées
.”
December
20
. .
Kopytoff
,
Igor
.
1987
.
The African Frontier: The Reproduction of Traditional African Societies
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Kouamé
,
Rosalie
.
2011
. “
Le Cri de Mon Âme: Yako Maman Côte d’Ivoire!
Actualités Ivoirian
,
May
4
. .
Kouano
,
Brussi
.
2013
. “
Enfin la Vérité sur le Massacre des Danseuses d’adjanou
.”
Lebanco.net
,
May
27
. .
Kouevi
,
Louis
.
2013
.
Indignées et Furieuses les Femmes du CST, Torse Nu, Hurlent “Attention Faure, Libere Nos Enfants”
.
May
18
. .
Label Ivoire
.
2011
.
La Marche des Femmes de Treichville-Abidjan 24 Fevrier 2011
.
March
1
. .
Lafargue
,
Fernand
.
1970
. “
Notes sur la Fete de Dipri et le Culte Adressé au Genie de la Rivière á Gomon Village de la Tribu Abidi en Basse Côte d’Ivoire
.”
VIIme Congres International des Sciences Anthropologiques et Ethnologiques, Moscou (3–10 Aout 1964)
8
:
116
23
.
Lafargue
,
Fernand
.
1976
.
Religion, Magie, Sorcellerie des Abidji en Côte d’Ivoire
.
Paris
:
Nouvelles Editions Latines
.
Lambek
,
Michael
.
1996
. “
The Past Imperfect: Remembering as Moral Practice
.” In
Tense Past
,
235
55
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Laplantine
,
François
.
2007
.
Ethnopsychiatrie Psychanalytique
.
Paris
:
Beauchesne
.
Rédaction
La
.
2014
. “
Côte d’Ivoire— Les Faiblesses de La cdvr Commission Dialogue, Vérité et Réconciliation
.”
Connectionivoirienne
,
January
15
. .
Lassm
,
L.
1971
. “
Croyances et Coutumes Adjoukrou
.”
Bulletin de Liaison— Centre Universitaire de Recherches de Developpement (Abidjan)
,
1
:
43
53
.
Launay
,
Robert
.
1986
. “
Reviewed Work: La Société Bété: Côte d’Ivoire, by Jean-Pierre Dozon
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
20
(
2
):
285
87
.
Lawrance
,
Benjamin N.
2003
. “
La Révolte des Femmes: Economic Upheaval and the Gender of Political Authority in Lomé, Togo, 1931–33
.”
African Studies Review
46
(
1
):
43
67
.
Lawuyi
,
Olatunde Bayo
, and
Olupona
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
1987
. “
Making Sense of the Aje Festival: Wealth, Politics and the Status of Women among the Ondo of Southwestern Nigeria
.”
Journal of Ritual Studies
1
(
2
):
97
109
.
Leach
,
Fiona
.
2008
. “
African Girls, Nineteenth-Century Mission Education and the Patriarchal Imperative
.”
Gender and Education
20
(
4
):
335
47
.
Le Mandat
.
2011
. “
Usurpation of Power: The Revolt of Women from the City and Villages
.”
February
17
. .
Le Monde.fr
.
2010
. “
Le Viol Comme Arme de Guerre: La Double Peine des Femmes
.”
Blog-Esprit de justice
,
November
25
. .
Le Monde.fr
.
2015
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Deux Anciens Chefs Rebelles pro-Ouattara Inculpés
.”
July
8
. .
Le Nouveau Reveil
.
2010
. “
Didiévi: Les Femmes de L’adjanou Font Fuir le Préfet
.”
February
17
.
Accessed August 13, 2013. http://news.abidjan.net/h/356982.html
.
Le Nouveau Reveil
.
2011
. “
Tous les Monuments d’Abidjan Bientôt Détruits/18 Corps Découverts sous le Monument de Siporex (Yopougon)— Actualités #CIV2010
.”
April
20
.
Accessed August 20, 2015. http://news.abidjan.net/h/396972.html
.
LeTogoVi
.
2013a
. “Les Togolaises En Appellent aux Ancêtres et aux Divinités pour les Soutenir [21/05/2013].” May 21. .
LeTogoVi
.
2013b
. “Libérez Nos Enfants!!! C’est Eux (Les Policiers) qui Tuent nos Enfants à Dapaong”
[18/05/2013]
.
May
18
. .
Lévy-Bruhl
,
Lucien
, and
Clare
Lilian A.
.
1926
.
How Natives Think (Les Fonctions Mentales dans les Sociétés Inférieures)
. Authorized translation by
Clare
Lilian A.
.
London
:
G. Allen and Unwin
.
Lewis
,
Desiree
.
2005
. “
African Gender Research and Postcoloniality: Legacies and Challenges
.” In
Oyewùmí
,
African Gender Studies
.
Long
,
Charles
.
2004
. “
A Postcolonial Meaning of Religion: Some Reflections from the Indigenous World
.” In
Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity
, edited by
Olupona
Jacob K.
,
89
98
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Lonsdale
,
John
.
1986
. “
Political Accountability in African History
.” In
Chabal
,
Political Domination in Africa
,
126
57
.
Lonsdale
,
John
.
2000
. “
Agency in Tight Corners: Narrative and Initiative in African History
.”
Journal of African Cultural Studies
13
(
1
):
5
16
.
Lousse
,
Franke
. “
Liste Nominative Des Femmes ‘d’Adjanou’ Mitraillees a Bout Portant
.”
dialoguonns
,
July
2013
. .
MacCormack
,
Carol P.
1979
. “
Sande: The Public Face of a Secret Society
.” In
The New Religions of Africa
, edited by
Jules-Rosette
Bennetta
,
27
37
.
Norwood, NJ
:
Ablex
.
Marcus
,
George E.
Ethnography Through Thick and Thin
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1998
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
1992a
. “
The Banality of Power and the Aesthetics of Vulgarity in the Postcolony
.”
Public Culture
42
(
2
):
1
30
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
1992b
. “
Provisional Notes on the Postcolony
.”
Africa (Edinburgh University Press)
62
(
1
):
3
37
.
Mbembe
,
Achille
.
2001
. “
At the Edge of the World: Boundaries and Territorial Sovereignty in Africa
.” In
Globalization
, edited by
Appadurai
Arjun
, translated by
Rendall
Steven
,
22
51
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2011
.
Making War in Côte d’Ivoire
.
London
:
C. Hurst
.
McGovern
,
Mike
.
2012
. “
Turning the Clock Back or Breaking with the Past?: Charismatic Temporality and Elite Politics in Côte d’Ivoire and the United States
.”
Cultural Anthropology
27
(
2
):
239
60
.
Mel
,
César Djedje
.
2015
. “
[VIDEO] Manifestation Devant la Conariv: Des Victimes de Guerre Battues et Gazées par la Police
.”
Linfodrome.ci
,
October
6
. .
Memel-Fotê
,
Harris
.
1980
.
Le Système Politique de Lodjoukrou: Une Société Lignagère à Classes d’Âge (Côte-d’Ivoire)
.
Paris
:
Présence africaine
.
Memel-Fotê
,
Harris
, and
Brunet-Jailly
J.
.
2007
.
L’esclavage dans les Sociétés Lignagères de la Forêt Ivoirienne, XVIIe-XXe Siècle
.
Abidjan
:
cerap
.
Meyer
,
Birgit
.
1998
. “
‘Make a Complete Break with the Past’: Memory and Post-Colonial Modernity in Ghanaian Pentecostalist Discourse
.”
Journal of Religion in Africa
28
(
3
):
316
49
.
Mielcarek
,
Romain
.
2015
. “
Quand les Africaines Utilisent Leur Nudité comme Arme Politique
.”
RFI
,
April
4
. .
Minority Rights Group International: Côte d’Ivoire: Krou
.”
2015
.
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples
. .
Mintho
,
Jacqueline
.
2011
. “
Pour Avoir Été Filmées dans Leur Nudité: Les Danseuses de ‘l’Adjanou’ Bloquent le Palais Présidentiel
.”
Abidjan.net
,
September
2
. .
M05
.
2012
. “
Manifestation du CST ce Mardi à Lomé: Des Jeunes Femmes Nues en Démonstration devant les Forces de L’ordre
.”
August
28
. .
Mohanty
,
Chandra Talpade
.
2003
.
Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Moore
,
Henrietta L.
, and
Sanders
Todd
.
2004
. “
Magical Interpretations and Material Realities: An Introduction
.” In
Magical Interpretations, Material Realities: Modernity, Witchcraft and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa
, edited by
Moore
Henrietta L.
and
Sanders
Todd
,
1
27
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Moran
,
Mary H.
1989
. “
Collective Action and the ‘Representation’ of African Women: A Liberian Case Study
.”
Feminist Studies
15
(
3
):
443
60
.
MyJoyOnline.Com
.
2017
. “
Video: Togo Women Go Topless to Demand Resignation of Faure Gnassingbe—MyJoyOnline.Com
.” .
Nandy
,
Ashis
.
1983
.
The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self under Colonialism
.
Delhi
:
Oxford
.
N. B. D
.
2003
. “
‘Un Génocide des Baoulé est Mis en Oeuvre”: Massacre des Danseuses D’ adjanou L’unique Rescapée Témoigne’
.”
L’Inter
,
March
3
. .
Neve
,
Alex
, and
Amnesty International
.
2013
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Even Nature Can’t Disguise the Past
.”
March
8
. .
N’Guessan
,
Issiaka
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Trois Ans Après, Duékoué entre Ombre et Lumière
.”
JeuneAfrique.com
. .
Ngoundoung
,
Julienne
.
1999
. “
‘Le Redoutable Sexe Opposé’: Chez les Tikar de Nditam, Cameroun Central
.” In
Femmes Plurielles: Les Représentations des Femmes Discours, Norme et Conduites
, edited by
Jonckers
Danielle
,
Carré
Renée
, and
Dupré
Marie-Claude
.
Paris
:
Ed. de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme
.
Niangoran-Bouah
,
Georges
.
1964
.
La Division du Temps et le Calendrier Rituel des Peuples Lagunaires de Côte d’Ivoire
.
Paris
:
Travaux et mémoires de l’Institut d’Ethnologie
.
Niangoran-Bouah
,
Georges
.
1973
. “
Symboles Institutionnels Chez Les Akan
.”
L’Homme
13
(
1/2
):
207
32
.
N’Zi
,
Serge Nicolas
.
2010
. “
Voyage aux Sources du Patriotisme et du Nationalisme Ivoirien/ConnectionIvoirienne.net
.”
February
7
. .
O.A.M
.
2011
. “
Justice: Les Tueurs des Danseuses d’Adjanou Récompensés
.”
Yako Cote d’Ivoire, July
. .
Ogbomo
,
Onaiwu W.
2005
. “
Women, Power and Society in Pre-Colonial Africa
.”
Lagos Historical Review: A Journal of the Department of History, University of Lagos
5
:
49
74
.
Ogwang
,
Tom
.
2011
. “
The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast
.”
Africa Portal
,
April
.
Accessed February 8, 2015. www.africaportal.org/articles
.
Okonjo
,
Kamene
.
1976
. “
The Dual-Sex Political System in Operation: Igbo Women and Community Politics in Midwestern Nigeria
.” In
Women in Africa: Studies in Social and Economic Change
, edited by
Hafkin
Nancy J.
and
Bay
Edna G.
,
45
58
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
1976
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
1991
.
Kingship, Religion and Rituals in a Nigerian Community
.
Stockholm, Sweden
:
Almqvist and Wiksell International
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
1997
. “
Women’s Rituals, Kingship and Power among the Ondo-Yoruba of Nigeria
.” In
Kaplan, Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power
,
315
36
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
2001
. “
To Praise and to Reprimand: Ancestors and Spirituality in African Society and Culture
.” In
Ancestors in Post-Contact Religion
, edited by
Friesen
Steven J.
,
49
71
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
, ed.
2004
.
Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
2005
. “
Imagining the Goddess: Gender in Yorùbá Religious Traditions and Modernity
.”
Dialogue and Alliance
18
(
2
):
71
86
.
Olupọna
,
Jacob Obafemi Kehinde
.
2011
.
City of 201 Gods: Ilé-Ifè in Time, Space, and the Imagination
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
ONG— Action pour la Protection des Droits Humains [APDH]
.
2015
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Une Justice Transitionnelle...Piegée? Rapport Justice Transitionnelle Definitif
.” .
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
.
1997a
.
The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
.
1997b
. “
Visualizing the Body: Western Theories and African Subjects
.” In
The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses
,
1
30
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
, ed.
2005a
.
African Gender Studies: A Reader
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Oyewùmí
,
Oyèrónké
.
2005b
. “
(Re) Constituting the Cosmology and Sociocultural Institutions of Oyo-Yoruba: Articulating the Yoruba World-Sense
.” In
Oyewùmí
,
African Gender Studies
,
99
119
.
Pernet
,
Henry
.
1992
.
Ritual Masks: Deceptions and Revelations
. Translated by
Grillo
Laura S.
.
Columbia
:
University of South Carolina Press
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1979
. “
Femmes et Pouvoir Politique dans L’ancienne Société Anyi-Ndenye (Côte d’Ivoire) [ Women and Political Power in the Old Anyi-Ndenye Society)]
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
19
(
73/76
):
219
23
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1982
. “
Formation d’États et Formation d’une Ethnie: Le Cas des Anyi-Ndenye [State Formation and Formation of an Ethnic Group: The Case of the Ndenye Anyi]
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
22
(
87/88
):
455
63
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1987
. “
La Sensibilité des Sociétés Akan du Sud-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire aux Fluctuations Démographiques [The Influence of Demographic Fluctuations on the Akan Societies of South-Eastern Ivory Coast]
.”
Cahiers d’Études Africaines
27
(
105/106
):
167
75
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
1996
. “
Genies and Humans in Anyi Country (Ivory Coast): Constraining Relations or Negotiable Exchanges?
Social Compass
43
(
2
):
171
78
.
Perrot
,
Claude-Hélène
.
2005
. “
L’importation du “Modèle” Akan par les Anyi au Ndenye et au Sanwi (Côte d’Ivoire)
.”
Journal des Africanistes
75
(
1
):
139
62
.
Piccolino
,
Giulia
.
2012
. “
David against Goliath in Côte d’Ivoire? Laurent Gbagbo’s War against Global Governance
.”
African Affairs
111
(
442
):
1
23
.
Piot
,
Charles
.
1999
.
Remotely Global: Village Modernity in West Africa
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1999
.
Pritchard
,
Annette
,
Jones
Eleri
, and
Gibson
Fiona
.
2010
.
The Akan Queen Mothers in Ghana and the Implications of Covert Gynocracy
.
Cardiff
:
University of Wales Cardiff School of Management
.
Prouteaux
,
Maurice
.
1921
. “
Le Culte de Séké dans la Basse Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Revue D’ethnographie et des Traditions Populaires Annee
2
:
166
87
.
Rabinow
,
Paul
, and
Marcus
George E.
, with
Faubion
James D.
and
Rees
Tobias
.
2008
.
Designs for an Anthropology of the Contemporary
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Radhakrishnan
,
R.
1993
. “
Postcoloniality and Boundaries of Identity
.”
Callaloo
16
(
4
):
750
71
.
Radiosun
.
2011
. “
Manifestations des Femmes Danseuses d’Adjanou Violemment Disperses
.”
February
24
. .
Ramseyer
,
F.
, and
Kühne
J.
.
1875
.
“Vier Jahre in Asante: Tagebucher der Missionare Ramseyer und Kuhne aus der Zeit ihrer Gefangenschaft
.”Edited by
Gundert
H.
.
Basel
:
Berlag des Missionskompoirs
.
Rattray
,
R. S.
[1923] 1969
.
Ashanti
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon
.
re.ivoire-blog.com
.
2015
. “
Pourquoi Nous Avons Détruit Tous les Monuments Bâtis sous Gbagbo
.” .
Reticker
,
Gini
.
2008
.
Pray the Devil Back to Hell
.
DVD
. .
Rezo-Ivoire.net
.
2005
. “
La Référence Culturelle de la Côte d’Ivoire
.” .
RFI
.
2011
. “
Côte d’Ivoire: Démolition de Statues et Monuments de L’ère Gbagbo
.”
rfi Afrique
,
April
25
. .
Richards
,
David
.
2007
. “
Another Architecture
.” In
Classics in Post-Colonial Worlds
, edited by
Harwick
Lorna
and
Gillespie
Carol
,
349
409
.
Classical Presences
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Ritzenthaler
,
Robert E.
1960
. “
Anlu: A Women’s Uprising in the British Cameroons
.”
African Studies
19
(
3
):
151
56
.
Röschenthaler
,
Ute
.
1993
.
Die Kunst der Frauen: Zur Komplementarität von Nacktheit und Maskierung bei den Ejagham im Südwesten Kameruns
.
Berlin
:
Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung
.
Röschenthaler
,
Ute
.
1998
. “
Honoring Ejagham Women
.”
African Arts
31
(
2
):
38
49
,
92
93
.
Rosen
,
David M.
1983
. “
The Peasant Context of Feminist Revolt in West Africa
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
56
(
1
):
35
43
.
Rosenthal
,
John
.
2005
. “
The Black Tuesday of the French Army
.”
TCS Daily
,
November
8
. .
Rowlands
,
M. J.
, and
De Jong
Ferdinand
.
2007
. “
Reconsidering Heritage and Memory
.” In
Reclaiming Heritage: Alternative Imaginaries of Memory in West Africa
, edited by
De Jong
Ferdinand
and
Rowlands
M. J.
,
13
27
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
Left Coast
.
Said
,
Edward W.
1989
. “
Representing the Colonized: Anthropology’s Interlocutors
.”
Critical Inquiry
15
(
2
):
205
25
.
Scott
,
Joan Wallach
.
1999
.
Gender and the Politics of History
.
Rev. Gender and Culture
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Sembou
,
Evangelia
.
2011
. “
Foucault’s Genealogy
.”
International Social Theory Consortium
.
University College
,
Cork, Ireland
. .
Shipley
,
Jesse Weaver
,
Comaroff
Jean
, and
Mbembe
Achille
.
2010
. “
Africa in Theory: A Conversation between Jean Comaroff and Achille Mbembe
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
83
(
3
):
653
78
.
Silué
,
Oumar
.
2008
. “
Marche des Femmes Contre la Flambée des Prix en Côte d’Ivoire. Mourir de Faim ou d’une Balle dans la Tête?
Les Billets de Silué
,
April
3
. .
Silva
,
Sónia
.
2011
.
Along an African Border: Angolan Refugees and Their Divination Baskets
.
Contemporary Ethnography
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Smith
,
David
.
2011
. “
Ivory Coast Women Defiant after Being Targeted by Gbagbo’s Guns
.”
Guardian
,
March
11
. .
Sorokobi
,
Ives
.
1999
. “
National Identity Politics Threaten to Destabilize the Ivory Coast
.”
New York Amsterdam News
,
September
3
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri
.
1988
. “
Can the Subaltern Speak?
” In
Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture
, edited by
Nelson
Cary
,
271
316
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1988
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri
.
1990
. “
Poststructuralism, Marginality, Postcoloniality and Value
.” In
Literary Theory Today
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Steger
,
Manfred B.
2008
.
The Rise of the Global Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the Global War on Terror
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Stevens
,
Phillips
, Jr.
2006
. “
Women’s Aggressive Use of Genital Power in Africa
.”
Transcultural Psychiatry
43
(
4
):
592
99
.
Stoeltje
,
Beverly J.
1997
. “
Asante Queen Mothers: A Study in Female Authority
.” In
Kaplan
,
Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and Power
,
41
71
.
Strobel
,
Margaret
.
1982
. “
African Women’s History
.”
History Teacher
15
(
4
):
509
22
.
Taky
,
F.
2014
. “
Hommage Aux Danseuses d’Adjanou: Assassinées Pour Avoir Dansé
.”
Le blog de bouanzitaky.over-blog.com
,
May
22
. .
Tanoh
,
Benoît
.
2003
. “
Loi D’amnistie: Les Femmes, Victimes de Guerre, Prêtes à Marcher sur l’Assemblée Nationale
.”
Politique
.
Mediaf: Le Réseau des Médias Francophones
,
August
.
Accessed July 5, 2015. http://mediaf.org/?p=184
.
Ter Haar
,
Gerrie
.
2007
.
Imagining Evil: Witchcraft Beliefs and Accusations in Contemporary Africa
.
Trenton, NJ
:
Africa World Press
.
Terretta
,
Meredith
.
2007
. “
A Miscarriage of Revolution: Cameroonian Women and Nationalism
.”
Stichproben: Wiener Zeitschrift für Kritische Afrikastudien
12
(
7
):
61
96
.
Thomann
,
Georges
.
1903
.
De La Côte d’Ivoire Au Soudan Français. Renseignements Coloniaux et Documents 1
.
Paris
:
Bulletin du comité de l’Afrique Française
.
Thompson
,
Robert Farris
, and
Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery
.
1974
.
African Art in Motion
.
Los Angeles
:
University of California Press
.
TogoVisions
.
2013a
.
Contre L’injustice et L’impunité au Togo, des Femmes Manifestent à Moitié Dénudées
.
Accessed January 25, 2016. Togo: TogoVisions. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VDb5kPLJBgU
.
TogoVisions
.
2013b
.
Les Femmes de Bè se Dénudent pour Exprimer Leur Colère Contre les Abus Policiers
.
January
11
. .
Toh
,
Nemlin François
,
Yah
N’guessan Donatien
,
Yeo
Fonon Fatogoma
, and
Yeo
Ouagnonfèhè Amara
.
2013
. “
Les Premiers Habitants de la Côte d’Ivoire
.”
Exposé Universitaire. Travaux dirigés Group 09 and 10
.
Abidjan
:
Université Alassane Ouattara
.
Toungara
,
Jeanne Maddox
.
2001
. “
Changing the Meaning of Marriage: Women and Family Law in Côte d’Ivoire
.” In
Gender Perspectives on Property and Inheritance: A Global Source Book
, edited by
Cummings
Sarah
,
33
51
.
Amsterdam
:
kit
.
Tripp
,
Aili Mari
,
Casimiro
Isabel
,
Kwesiga
Joy
, and
Mungwa
Alice
.
2008
.
African Women’s Movements: Transforming Political Landscapes
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Turner
,
Victor W.
1969
.
The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure
.
Chicago
:
Aldine
.
UNESCO
.
2016
. “
Text of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage— Intangible Heritage— Culture Sector
.” .
UNHCR
.
2007
. “
Cote d’Ivoire— Targeting Women: The Forgotten Victims of the Conflict
.”
Refworld
. .
UNPF [ United Nations Population Fund]
.
2007
.
Ivoiriennes aujourd’hui
. Edited by
Touré
Moussa
,
Manouan
Anna
, and
Froger-Fortaillier
Viviane
.
Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
:
Editions sepia
,
2007
.
Valliere
,
Paul
.
2005
. “
Tradition
.” In
Encyclopedia of Religion
, 2nd ed., edited by
Jones
Lindsay
,
9267–80
.
New York
:
Macmillan Reference USA
,
2005
.
van Allen
,
Judith
.
1972
. “
‘Sitting on a Man’: Colonialism and the Lost Political Institutions of Igbo Women
.”
Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines
6
(
2
):
165
81
.
van Binsbergen
,
Wim
.
1999
. “
Globalization and Virtuality: Analytical Problems Posed by the Contemporary Transformation of African Societies
.” In
Globalization and Identity: Dialectics of Flow and Closure
, edited by
Meyer
Birgit
and
Geschiere
Peter
,
273
303
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
van Dijk
,
Rijk
.
1998
. “
Pentecostalism, Cultural Memory and the State: Contested Representations of Time in Postcolonial Malawi
.” In
Memory and the Postcolony
, edited by
Werbner
Richard
,
155
81
.
London
:
Zed
.
Village de Grand-Alépé
.
2012
. “
La Génération ou Foqué
.” .
Visonà
,
Monica Blackmun
.
2010
.
Constructing African Art Histories for the Lagoons of Côte d’Ivoire
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Vogel
,
Susan Mullin
, and
Yale University Art Gallery
.
1997
.
Baule: African Art, Western Eyes
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
.
WEF [World Economic Forum], in collaboration with kpmg International
.
2013
. “
The Future Role of Civil Society
.”
World Scenario Series
. .
Wells
,
Matthew
.
2012
. “
One Year On, Duékoué Massacre Belies Ouattara Government’s Promises of Impartial Justice
.”
Human Rights Watch
,
March
29
. .
Wells
,
Matthew
,
Hassan
Tirana
, and
HRW [ Human Rights Watch]
.
2010
.
Afraid and Forgotten: Lawlessness, Rape, and Impunity in Western Côte d’Ivoire
.
New York
:
Human Rights Watch
. .
Werbner
,
Richard
, ed.
1998
.
Memory and the Postcolony: African Anthropology and the Critique of Power
.
London
:
Zed
.
Widener
,
Jennifer
.
1994
. “
The Rise of Civic Associations among Farmers in Côte d’Ivoire
.” In
Harbeson, Rothchld, and Chazan
,
Civil Society and the State in Africa
,
191
211
.
Wieviorka
,
Michel
.
2003
. “
The New Paradigm of Violence
.” In
Globalization, the State, and Violence
, edited by
Friedman
Jonathan
,
107
39
.
Walnut Creek, CA
:
AltaMira
.
Witte
,
Hans
.
1985–86
.
The Invisible Mothers: Female Power in Yoruba Iconography
.
Leiden
:
Visible Religion
.
Zeka
,
Togui
.
2011
. “
Manifestation des Femmes Patriotes à Paris: ‘Les Kodjos Rouges en Action pour la Malediction Effective’
.”
La Dépêche d’Abidjan
,
July
. .
Zobo
,
Paulin
.
2004
. “
Cote d’Ivoire: Réconciliation Nationale: Les Femmes Victimes de Guerre Exigent Leur Réinsertion Sociale
.”
Fr. Allafrica.com—Fraternité Matin
,
January
10
.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal