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When General Hugo Banzer Suárez met with peasant leaders at the Presidential Palace in 1974, he encouraged them to cooperate with the right-wing military regime’s campaign to crush his opponents. The following extract from his speech illustrates not only state violence in the Cold War period, but the so-called Military-Peasant Pact that had prevailed since the dictatorship of General René Barrientos in the 1960s. Under the pact, the state would guarantee peasant control over the land, or distribute new plots, in return for political loyalty. Strategically, the state sought to prevent the broad alliance between peasants, workers, and the left...

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