The Bolivia Reader: History, Culture, Politics
Oral Tradition, Adriana Salcedo, 2018. "Guaraní Creation Myth", The Bolivia Reader: History, Culture, Politics, Sinclair Thomson, Rossana Barragán, Xavier Albó, Seemin Qayum, Mark Goodale
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The cyclical creator myth of the Two Twins is, along with various others, common among diverse Guaraní groups. The Guaranís’ religion is based much more on words than on rituals, so much so that some of the first missionaries came to consider them “atheists.” The myth of the Two Twins was discovered only at the beginning of the twentieth century and, since then, it has been recorded in many parts of Tupi Guaraní territory, ranging from the Atlantic coast to the Bolivian cordillera. This version was compiled by Víctor René Villavicencio Matienzo in 1989.
The twins are seen as the mythic heroes who gave a distinctive Guaraní identity to the natural world as well as to the social and cultural order. Wandering far and wide, they mastered the hunting techniques needed to survive and developed the Guaraní warrior ethos. Their relationship with the dangerous and powerful tiger family is both intimate and charged with conflict. They come to know death through the loss of their mother, and sustain an ongoing search to encounter their lost father.