Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.
This content is only available as PDF.

Bibliography

Case Law and Legal Briefs

Baehr v. Lewin. 852 P.2d 44 (1993), as clarified on reconsideration (May 27, 1993).

Bowers v. Hardwick. 478 U.S. 186 (1986).

Boy Scouts of America v. Dale. 530 U.S. 640 (2000).

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. 387 U.S. 483 (1954).

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby. 134 S. Ct. 2751 (2014).

Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98 (2000).

Christian Legal Society Chapter of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law v. Martinez. 561 U.S. 661 (2010).

Craig v. Boren. 429 U.S. 190 (1976).

Cruzan v. Special School District No. 1. 294 F.3d 981 (8th Cir. 2002).

DeBoer v. Snyder. 772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir. 2014).

District of Columbia v. Heller. 554 U.S. 570 (2008).

Doe v. Regional School Unit 26. 86 A.3d 600 (Me. 2014).

Fabrizio v. City of Providence. 104 A.3d 1289 (R.I. 2014).

Florida Department of Children and Families v. Adoption of X.X.G. 45 So. 3d 79 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2010).

Goins v. West Group. 635 N.W.2d 717 (Minn. 2001).

Goodridge v. Department of Public Health. 440 Mass. 309 (Mass. 2003).

Griswold v. Connecticut. 381 U.S. 479, 483 (1965).

Hollingsworth v. Perry. 133 S. Ct. 2652, 186 L. Ed. 2d 768 (U.S. 2013).

Hollingsworth v. Perry. Brief of Amici Curiae Kenneth B. Mehlman et al. Supporting Respondents, Hollingsworth v. Perry, 133 S.Ct. 2652 (2013). No. 12-144.

Huff v. Chapel Hill–Chancy Hall School. 16 MDLR 1605 (Massachusetts Commission against Discrimination, 1994).

Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Group of Boston. 515 U.S. 557 (1995). In re Marriage Cases. 183 P.3d 384 (Cal. 2008).

Kerrigan v. Commissioner of Public Health. 289 Conn. 135, 957 A.2d 407 (2008).

Lawrence v. Texas. 539 U.S. 558 (2003).

Lochner v. New York. 198 U.S. 45 (1905).

Lofton v. Secretary of the Department of Children and Family Services. 358 F.3d 804 (11th Cir. 2004).

Log Cabin Republicans v. United States. 716 F.Supp.2d 884 (C.D.Cal. 2010).

Loving v. Virginia. 388 U.S. 1 (1967).

Macy v. Holder. EEOC doc. 0120120821, 2012 WL 1435995.

Marbury v. Madison. 1 Cranch, 137 (1803).

Mathis v. Fountain-Fort Carson School District 8. Charge no. P20130034X (2013). http://www.transgenderlegal.org/media/uploads/doc_529.pdf.

McDonald v. City of Chicago. 130 S. Ct. 3020, 3108 (2010).

McLaughlin v. State of Florida. 379 U.S. 184 (1964).

Meyer v. Nebraska. 262 U.S. 390 (1923).

M v. H. (1999) 2 S.C.R. 3 (Can.).

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius. 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012).

Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015).

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief for the American Psychological Association as Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1004713 (U.S.). Nos. 14–556, 14–562, 14–571, 14–574.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief of Constitutional Law Scholars Supporting Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1022689 (U.S.). Nos. 14–556, 14–562, 14–571, 14–574.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief for Respondent, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1384100 (U.S.). No. 14–556.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief of 379 Employers and Organizations Representing Employers as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015).

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief of Kenneth B. Mehlman et al. as Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 981540 (U.S.). Nos. 14–556, 14–562, 14–571, 14–574.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Reply Brief for Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1776076 (U.S.) (No. 14–556).

Pace v. State. 106 U.S. 583 (1883).

Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1. 551 U.S. 701, 772 (2007).

Parker v. Hurley. 474 F. Supp. 2d 261 (D. Mass. 2007) aff’d, 514 F.3d 87 (1st Cir. 2008).

Parker v. Hurley. Brief for Amicus aclu of Massachusetts at 19, Parker v. Hurley, 474 F. Supp. 2d 261 (D. Mass. 2007) aff’d, 514 F.3d 87 (1st Cir. 2008). No. 06-cv-10751-MLW, 2006.

Perry v. Brown. 671 F.3d 1052 (9th Cir. 2012), vacated and remanded sub nom.

Perry v. Schwarzenegger. 704 F. Supp. 2d 921 (N.D. Cal. 2010), aff’d sub nom.

Pickup v. Brown. 728 F.3d 1042 (9th Cir. 2013). Cert denied, 134 S. Ct. 2871 (2014).

Pierce v. Society of Sisters. 268 U.S. 510 (1925).

Planned Parenthood v. Casey. 505 U.S. 833 (1992).

Plessy v. Ferguson. 163 U.S. 537 (1896).

Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins. 490 U.S. 228 (1988).

Roe v. Wade. 410 U.S. 113 (1973).

Romer v. Evans. 517 U.S. 620 (1996).

Rosa v. Park West Bank and Trust Company. 214 F.3d 213 (1st Cir. 2000).

Schroer v. Billington. 577 F. Supp. 2d, 293 (D.C. Cir. 2008).

Slaughter-House Cases. 83 U.S. 36 (1873).

Smith v. City of Salem, Ohio. 378 F.3d 566 (6th Cir. 2004).

Smith v. Organization of Foster Families for Equality and Reform. 431 U.S. 816 (1977).

Sommers v. Budget Marketing, Inc. 667 F.2d 748 (8th Cir. 1982).

Strauss v. Horton. 207 P.3d 48 (Cal. 2009).

Stringfellows of New York Ltd. v. City of New York. 91 N.Y.2d 382 (1998).

Texas et al. v. United States. Case 7:16-cv-00054-O (N.D. Tex. 2016).

Turner v. Safley. 482 U.S. 78, 95–96 (1987).

Ulane v. Eastern Airlines, Inc. 742 F.2d 1081 (7th Cir. 1984).

United States v. Windsor. 133 S. Ct. 2675 (2013).

United States v. Windsor. Brief of 278 Employers and Organizations Representing Employers as Amici Curiae in Support of Edith Schlain Windsor, Windsor v. U.S., 133 S. Ct. 2675 (2013).

Washington v. Davis. 426 U.S. 229 (1976).

Women’s Liberation Front v. U.S. Department of Justice. 1:16-cv-00915 (D.N.M. 2016).

Yick Wo v. Hopkins. 118 U.S. 356 (1886).

Secondary Sources
Ackerman
,
Bruce
.
We the People: Foundations
.
Cambridge. MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1991
.
Adler
,
Libby
, and
Halley
Janet
. “
You Play, You Pay
.” In
Governance Feminism: Notes from the Field
, ed.
Halley
Janet
,
Kotiswaran
Prabha
,
Shamir
Hila
, and
Rebouché
Rachel
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
forthcoming
.
Ahmed
,
Aziza
. “
Think Again: Prostitution: Why Zero-Tolerance Makes for Bad Policy on the World’s Oldest Profession
.”
Foreign Policy
,
January
19
,
2014
. http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/01/19/think-again-prostitution.
Ahmed
,
Aziza
. “
When Men Are Harmed: Feminism, Queer Theory, and Torture at Abu Ghraib
.”
UCLA Journal of Islamic and Near Eastern Law
11
(
2012
):
1
19
.
Alexander
,
Michelle
.
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2012
.
Arnold
,
Emily A.
, and
Bailey
Marion M.
. “
Constructing Home and Family: How the Ballroom Community Supports African American GLBTQ Youth in the Face of HIV/AIDS
.”
Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services
21
(
2–3
) (
January
1
,
2009
):
171
88
. .
Badgett
,
M. V. Lee
.
Money, Myths and Change
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2001
.
Badgett
,
M. V. Lee
,
Durso
Laura E.
, and
Schneebaum
Alyssa
. “
New Patterns of Poverty in the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2013
. .
Badgett
,
M. V. Lee
,
Nezhad
Sheila
,
Walldijk
Kees
, and
Rodgers
Yana van der Meulen
. “
LGBT Inclusion and Economic Development in Emerging Economies
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
November
2014
. .
Barclay
,
Scott
,
Bernstein
Mary
, and
Marshall
Anna-Marie
, eds.
Queer Mobilizations: LGBT Activists Confront the Law
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Battles
,
Kathleen
, and
Hilton-Morrow
Wendy
. “
Gay Characters in Conventional Spaces: Will and Grace in the Situation Comedy Genre
.”
Critical Studies in Media Communication
19
, no.
1
(
March
2002
):
87
105
. .
Becker
,
Gary S.
A Treatise on Family
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1981
.
Bell
,
Derrick
.
Silent Covenants
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2004
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
, and
Warner
Michael
. “
Sex in Public
.”
Critical Inquiry
24
, no.
2
(
1998
):
551
52
.
Bernstein
,
Elizabeth
. “
Carceral Politics as Gender Justice? The ‘Traffic in Women’ and Neoliberal Circuits of Crime, Sex, and Rights
.”
Theory and Society
41
, no.
3
(
2012
):
233
59
.
Bersani
,
Leo
. “
Is the Rectum a Grave?
AIDS: Cultural Analysis/Cultural Activism
43
(
October
1987
):
197
222
.
Bersani
,
Leo
, and
Phillips
Adam
.
Intimacies
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
:
2008
.
Bickel
,
Alexander M.
The Least Dangerous Branch: The Supreme Court at the Bar of Politics
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
,
1962
.
Blackstone
,
William
.
Blackstone’s Commentaries
.
London
:
Forgotten
,
2012
.
Blank
,
Yishai
, and
Rosen-Zvi
Issi
. “
The Geography of Sexuality
.”
North Carolina Law Review
90
, no.
4
(
2012
):
955
1025
.
Blankenhorn
,
David
.
Fatherless America: Confronting Our Most Urgent Social Problem
.
New York
:
Harper Perennial
,
1996
.
Blankenhorn
,
David
.
The Future of Marriage
.
New York
:
Encounter
,
2007
.
Brito
,
Tonya L.
Fathers behind Bars: Rethinking Child Support Policy toward Low-Income Noncustodial Fathers and Their Families
.”
Iowa Journal of Gender, Race and Justice
15
(
2012
):
617
73
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism’s Stealth Revolution
.
New York
:
Zone
,
2015
.
Butler
,
Judith
. “
Merely Cultural
.” In
Adding Insult to Injury: Nancy Fraser Debates Her Critics
, ed.
Olsen
Kevin
,
42
56
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2008
.
Butler
,
Judith
.
The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
1997
.
Cahn
,
Naomi
, and
Carbone
June
.
Red Families v. Blue Families: Legal Polarization and the Creation of Culture
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2010
.
Carpenter
,
Dale
.
Flagrant Conduct: The Story of Lawrence v. Texas
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2012
.
Case
,
Mary Anne
. “
How High the Apple Pie— A Few Troubling Questions about Where, Why, and How the Burden of Care for Children Should Be Shifted
.”
Chicago-Kent Law Review
76
(
2001
):
1753
88
.
Chauncy
,
George
.
Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890–1940
.
New York
:
Basic
,
1995
.
Cohen
,
Cathy J.
Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens: The Radical Potential of Queer Politics?
GLQ
3
, no.
4
(
1997
):
437
65
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism
.
New York
:
Routledge
:
2005
.
Connor
,
Brendan M.
In Loco Aequitatis: The Dangers of ‘Safe Harbor’ Laws for Youth in the Sex Trades
,”
Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
12
, no.
1
(
2016
):
43
120
.
Conrad
,
Ryan
, ed.
Against Equality: Queer Revolution, not Mere Inclusion
.
Oakland, CA
:
AK
,
2014
.
Cossman
,
Brenda
. “
Family Feuds: Neo-Liberal and Neo-Conservative Visions of the Reprivatization Project
.” In
Privatization, Law, and the Challenge to Feminism
, ed.
Cossman
Brenda
and
Fudge
Judy
,
169
217
.
Toronto
:
University of Toronto Press
,
2002
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color
.”
Stanford Law Review
43
, no.
6
(
1991
):
1241
99
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Anti-discrimination Law
.”
Harvard Law Review
101
, no.
7
(
1988
):
1331
87
.
Crooms
,
Lisa A.
Everywhere There’s War: A Racial Realist’s Reconsideration of Hate Crimes Statutes
.”
Georgetown Journal of Gender and Law
1
(
1999
):
41
66
.
Dank
,
Meredith
. “
Locked In: Interactions with the Criminal Justice and Child Welfare Systems for LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Who Engage in Survival Sex
.”
Urban Institute, Washington, DC
,
2015
. .
Dank
,
Meredith
.
Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex
.
Washington, DC
:
Urban Institute
,
February
2015
. .
Dean
,
Tim
. “
Queer Desire, Psychoanalytic Hermeneutics, and Love Lyric
.” In
A Concise Companion to Psychoanalysis, Literature, and Culture
, ed. Laura Marcus and Ankhi Mukherjee,
151
66
.
Chichester, UK
:
John Wiley and Sons
,
2014
.
Delgado
,
Richard
. “
The Ethereal Scholar: Does Critical Legal Studies Have What Minorities Want?
Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review
22
, no.
2
(
1987
):
301
22
.
D’Emilio
,
John
. “
Capitalism and Gay Identity
.” In
Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University
,
3
16
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
D’Emilio
,
John
. “
Dreams Deferred
.” In
Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University
,
17
56
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
D’Emilio
,
John
. “
The Homosexual Menace
.” In
Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University
,
57
73
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
De Tocqueville
,
Alexis
.
Democracy in America
(
1835
), ed.
Mansfield
Harvey C.
and
Winthrop
Delba
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2000
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
.
The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
2003
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
, and
Kim
Richard
. “
Preface
.” In
“A New Queer Agenda,” special issue, Scholar and Feminist Online
10
, nos.
1–2
(Fall
2011
–Spring
2012
). .
Durso
,
Laura E.
, and
Gates
Gary J.
. “
Serving Our Youth: Findings from a National Survey of Services Providers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth Who Are Homeless or at Risk of Becoming Homeless
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2012
. .
Ely
,
John Hart
.
Democracy and Distrust: A Theory of Judicial Review
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1980
.
Eng
,
David
.
The Feeling of Kinship: Queer Liberalism and the Racialization of Intimacy
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2010
.
Engels
,
Friedrich
.
The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State
(
1884
), ed.
Leacock
Eleanor Burke
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1972
.
Ershow-Levenberg
,
Linda S.
Court Approval of Medicaid Spend-Down Planning by Guardians
.”
Marquette Elder’s Advisor
6
, no.
2
(
2005
):
197
215
.
Eskridge
,
William N.
Jr.
The Case for Same-Sex Marriage: From Sexual Liberty to Civilized Commitment
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Eskridge
,
William N.
, Jr.
Comparative Law and the Same-Sex Marriage Debate: A Step-by-Step Approach toward State Recognition
.”
McGeorge Law Review
31
, no.
3
(
2000
):
641
72
.
Eskridge
,
William N.
, Jr.
Hardwick and Historiography
.”
University of Illinois Law Review
1999
(
1999
):
631
702
.
Feinberg
,
Joel
. “
The Expressive Function of Punishment
.”
The Monist
49
, no.
3
(
1965
):
397
423
.
Fiss
,
Owen M.
Groups and the Equal Protection Clause
.”
Philosophy and Public Affairs
5
, no.
2
(
1976
):
107
77
.
Florida
,
Richard
.
The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It’s Transforming Work, Leisure, Community, and Everyday Life
.
New York
:
Basic
,
2002
.
Foner
,
Philip S.
, ed. “
Socialism and the Negro Problem
.” In
W. E. B. Du Bois Speaks: Speeches and Addresses 1890–1919
, ed.
Foner
Philip S.
,
240
.
New York
:
Pathfinder
,
1970
.
Foohey
,
Pamela
. “
Panel Discusses Prostitution and the Sex Industry
.”
Harvard Law Record
(
September
10
,
2008
). .
Foucault
,
Michel
.
The Archaeology of Knowledge
, trans.
Smith
A. M. Sheridan
.
New York
:
Harper Torch
,
1972
.
Foucault
,
Michel
. “
Two Lectures
.” In
Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977
, ed.
Gordon
Colin
, trans.
Gordon
Colin
,
Marshall
Leo
,
Mepham
John
, and
Soper
Kate
,
78
108
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1980
.
Fowler
,
Patrick J.
,
Toro
Paul A.
, and
Miles
Bart W.
. “
Pathways to and from Homelessness and Associated Psychosocial Outcomes among Adolescents Leaving the Foster Care System
.”
American Journal of Public Health
99
, no.
8
(
2009
):
1453
58
.
Franke
,
Katherine
. “
Dating the State: The Moral Hazards of Winning Gay Rights
.”
Columbia Human Rights Law Review
49
, no.
1
(
2012
):
1
46
.
Franke
,
Katherine
. “
The Greater Context of the Pinkwashing Debate
.”
Tikkun
,
July
3
,
2012
. .
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Feminism, Capitalism and the Cunning of History
.”
New Left Review
56
(
2009
).
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
From Redistribution to Recognition? Dilemmas of Justice in a ‘Postsocialist Age’
.” In
Adding Insult to Injury: Nancy Fraser Debates Her Critics
, ed.
Olsen
Kevin
,
9
41
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2008
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Heterosexism, Misrecognition, and Capitalism: A Response to Judith Butler
.” In
Adding Insult to Injury: Nancy Fraser Debates Her Critics
, ed.
Olsen
Kevin
,
57
68
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2008
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Rethinking Recognition
.”
New Left Review
3
(
May–June
2000
):
107
20
. .
Galanter
,
Marc
. “
Why the ‘Haves’ Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Legal Change
,”
Law and Society Review
9
, no.
1
(
1974
):
95
160
.
Gates
,
Gary
. “
LGBT People Are Disproportionately Food Insecure
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2014
.
Gates
,
Gary J.
, and
Ost
Jason
.
The Gay and Lesbian Atlas
.
Washington, DC
:
Urban Institute Press
,
2004
.
Girls Do What They Have to Do to Survive: Illuminating Methods Used by Girls in the Sex Trade and Street Economy to Fight Back and Heal, a Participatory Action Research Study of Resilience and Resistance
.”
Young Women’s Empowerment Project, Chicago
,
2009
,
7
. .
Goldberg
,
Suzanne
. “
Social Justice Movements and LatCrit Community: On Making Anti-Essentialist and Social Constructionist Arguments in Court
.”
Oregon Law Review
81
, no.
3
(
2002
):
629
62
.
Goldberg-Hiller
,
Jonathan
.
The Limits to Union: Same-Sex Marriage and the Politics of Civil Rights
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
2004
.
Hale
,
Robert L.
Coercion and Distribution in a Supposedly Non-coercive State
.”
Political Science Quarterly
38
, no.
3
(
1923
):
470
94
.
Hall
,
Simon
. “
The NAACP and the Challenges of 1969’s Radicalism
.” In
Long Is the Way and Hard: One Hundred Years of the NAACP
, ed.
Verney
Kevern
and
Sartain
Lee
.
Fayetteville
:
University of Arkansas Press
,
2009
.
Halley
,
Janet
. “
Doing a Distributional Analysis
.” In
Governance Feminism: An Introduction
, ed.
Halley
Janet
,
Kotiswaran
Prabha
,
Shamir
Hila
, and
Rebouché
Rachel
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
forthcoming
.
Halley
,
Janet
. “
Rhetorics of Justification in the Same-Sex Marriage Debate
.” In
Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships: A Study of National, European and International Law
, ed.
Andenaes
Mads
and
Wintemute
Robert
.
Oxford
:
Hart
,
2001
.
Hanhardt
,
Christina B.
Safe Space: Gay Neighborhood History and the Politics of Violence
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2013
.
Harcourt
,
Bernard E.
The Illusion of Free Markets: Punishment and the Myth of Natural Order
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2011
.
Harris
,
Angela P.
From Stonewall to the Suburbs? Toward a Political Economy of Sexuality
.”
William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal
14
, no.
4
(
2006
):
1539
82
.
Hasenbush
,
Amira
,
Flores
Andrew R.
,
Kastanis
Angeliki
,
Sears
Brad
, and
Gates
Gary J.
. “
The LGBT Divide: A Data Portrait of LGBT People in the Midwestern, Mountain and Southern States
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2014
. .
Hirshman
,
Linda
.
Victory: The Triumphant Gay Revolution
.
New York
:
Harper Perennial
,
2012
.
Holmes
,
Oliver Wendell
.
The Common Law
.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
,
1881
.
Holmes
,
Oliver Wendell
. “
The Path of the Law
.”
Harvard Law Review
10
(
1897
):
457
88
.
Honneth
,
Axel
. “
Recognition or Redistribution? Changing Perspectives on the Moral Order of Society
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
18
, nos.
2–3
(
2001
):
43
55
.
Hooker
,
Evelyn
. “
The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual
.”
Journal of Projective Techniques
21
(
1957
):
18
31
.
Horwitz
,
Morton J.
The Jurisprudence of Brown and the Dilemmas of Liberalism
.”
Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review
14
, no.
3
(
1979
):
599
613
.
Horwitz
,
Morton J.
The Transformation of American Law, 1870–1960: The Crisis of Legal Orthodoxy
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1992
.
Horwitz
,
Morton J.
The Warren Court and the Pursuit of Justice
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1998
.
Humphreys
,
Laud
.
Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Places (Observations)
.
Chicago
:
Aldine Transaction
,
1975
.
Johnson
,
David K.
The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2004
.
Katyal
,
Sonia
. “
Exporting Identity
.”
Yale Journal of Law and Feminism
14
, no.
1
(
2002
):
97
176
.
Katznelson
,
Ira
.
When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2005
.
Kennedy
,
Duncan
.
A Critique of Adjudication (Fin de Siècle)
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1997
.
Kennedy
,
Duncan
. “
The Critique of Rights in Critical Legal Studies
.” In
Left Legalism/Left Critique
, ed.
Brown
Wendy
and
Halley
Janet
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Kennedy
,
Duncan
. “
The Stakes of Law, or Hale and Foucault!
” In
Sexy Dressing Etc.
, ed.
Kennedy
Duncan
,
83
125
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Klare
,
Karl
. “
Critical Perspectives on Social and Economic Rights, Democracy and Separation of Powers
.” In
Social Economic Rights in Theory and Practice: Critical Inquiries
, ed.
García
Helena Alviar
,
Klare
Karl
, and
Williams
Lucy
,
3
22
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2015
.
Klein
,
Naomi
.
No Logo: No Space, No Choice, No Jobs
.
New York
:
Picador
,
2000
.
Knauer
,
Nancy J.
LGBT Youth: Reconciling Family, Pride, and Community
.”
Temple Political and Civil Rights Law Review
23
, no.
2
(
2014
):
253
62
.
Koppelman
,
Andrew
. “
Why Discrimination against Lesbians and Gay Men Is Sex Discrimination
.”
New York Law Review
69
, no.
2
(
1994
):
197
287
.
Landis
,
James M.
The Administrative Process
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
,
1938
.
Lankenau
,
Stephen E.
,
Clatts
Michael C.
,
Welle
Dorinda
,
Goldsamt
Lloyd A.
, and
Gwadz
Marya Viost
. “
Street Careers: Homelessness, Drug Use, and Sex Work among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men (YMSM)
.”
International Journal of Drug Policy
16
, no.
1
(
2005
):
10
18
.
Law
,
Sylvia
. “
Homosexuality and the Social Meaning of Gender
.”
Wisconsin Law Review
1988
(
1988
):
187
235
.
Leachman
,
Gwendolyn M.
From Protest to Perry: How Litigation Shaped the LGBT Movement’s Agenda
.”
University of California Davis Law Review
47
(
2014
):
1668
751
.
Lévi-Strauss
,
Claude
.
The Savage Mind
, trans.
Weidenfeld
George
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1966
.
Levitsky
,
Sandra R.
To Lead with Law: Reassessing the Influence of Legal Advocacy Organizations in Social Movements
.” In
Cause Lawyering and Social Movements
, ed.
Sarat
Austin
and
Scheingold
Stuart
,
145
63
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2006
.
Linder
,
Marc
. “
Farm Workers and the Fair Labor Standards Act: Racial Discrimination in the New Deal
.”
Texas Law Review
65
(
1987
):
1335
93
.
Llewellyn
,
Karl L.
A Realistic Jurisprudence— The Next Step
.”
Columbia Law Review
30
, no.
4
(
1930
):
431
65
.
Lorde
,
Audre
, “
The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House
.” In
Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches
,
110
13
.
Freedom, CA
:
Crossing
,
1984
.
Marx
,
Karl
, and
Engels
Friedrich
. “
On the Jewish Question
.” In
The Marx-Engels Reader
, ed.
Tucker
Robert C.
,
26
52
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
1978
.
Massad
,
Joseph
. “
Re-orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World
.”
Public Culture
14
, no.
2
(
2002
):
361
85
.
McKnight
,
Gerald
.
The Last Crusade: Martin Luther King, Jr., the FBI, and the Poor People’s Campaign
.
Boulder, CO
:
Westview
,
1998
.
Menand
,
Louis
.
The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
,
2001
.
Minter
,
Shannon
. “
Do Transsexuals Dream of Gay Rights? Getting Real about Transgender Inclusion
.” In
Transgender Rights
, ed.
Currah
Paisley
,
Juang
Richard
, and
Minter
Shannon Price
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2006
.
Mnookin
,
Robert H.
, and
Kornhauser
Lewis
. “
Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: The Case of Divorce
.”
Yale Law Journal
88
, no.
5
(
1979
):
950
97
.
Mogul
,
Joey L.
,
Whitlock
Kay
, and
Ritchie
Andrea K.
.
Queer (In)Justice: The Criminalization of LGBT People in the United States
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
2011
.
Morgan
,
Emily
,
Salomon
,
Nina
Plotkin
Martha
, and
Cohen
Rebecca
. “
The School Discipline Consensus Report: Strategies from the Field to Keep Students Engaged in School and Out of the Juvenile Justice System
.”
Council of State Governments Justice Center, New York
,
2014
. .
Movement Advancement Project, Freedom to Work, National Black Justice Coalition, Human Rights Campaign, Center for American Progress, FIRE
, “
A Broken Bargain for LGBT Workers of Color
,”
2013
. .
Muñoz
,
José Esteban
.
Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Murray
,
Charles
.
Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950–1980
.
New York
:
Basic
,
1984
.
Napolitano
,
Andrew
.
The Constitution in Exile
.
Nashville, TN
:
Thomas Nelson
,
2006
.
Olsen
,
Frances E.
The Family and the Market: A Study of Ideology and Legal Reform
.”
Harvard Law Review
96
, no.
7
(
1983
):
1497
578
.
Olsen
,
Frances E.
The Myth of State Intervention in the Family
.”
Michigan Journal of Law Reform
18
, no.
4
(
1985
):
835
64
.
Olsen
,
Frances E.
Statutory Rape: A Feminist Critique of Rights Analysis
.”
Texas Law Review
63
, no.
3
(
1984
):
387
432
.
Otto
,
Diane
. “
Transnational Homo-Assemblages: Reading ‘Gender’ in Counter-terrorism Discourses
.”
Jindal Global Law Review
4
, no.
2
. (
2013
):
79
98
.
Our Fair City: A Comprehensive Blueprint for Gender and Sexual Justice in New York City
.
New York
:
Columbia Law School
,
2014
. .
Peller
,
Gary
. “
Race Consciousness
.”
Duke Law Journal
39
, no.
4
(
1990
),
758
847
.
Pendleton
,
Eva
, and
Goldschmidt
Jane
. “
Sex Panic!—Make the Connections
.”
Harvard Gay and Lesbian Review
5
, no.
3
(
1998
):
30
33
.
Polikoff
,
Nancy
.
Beyond (Straight and Gay) Marriage: Valuing all Families under the Law
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
2008
.
Preston
,
Cheryl B.
, and
Crowther
Brandon T.
. “
Infancy Doctrine Inquiries
.”
Santa Clara Law Review
52
(
2012
):
47
80
.
Puar
,
Jasbir
. “
Rethinking Homonationalism
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
45
, no.
2
(
2013
):
336
39
.
Puar
,
Jasbir
.
Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Rand
,
Spencer
. “
The Real Marriage Penalty: How Welfare Law Discourages Marriage despite Public Policy Statements to the Contrary— and What Can Be Done about It
.”
University of the District of Columbia Law Review
18
, no.
1
(
2015
):
93
143
.
Ransby
,
Barbara
.
Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2003
.
Ray
,
Nicholas
. “
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth: An Epidemic of Homelessness
.”
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute and the National Coalition for the Homeless
,
2006
. .
Regnerus
,
Mark
. “
How Different Are the Adult Children of Parents Who Have Same-Sex Relationships? Findings from the New Family Structures Study
.”
Social Science Research
41
, no.
4
(
July
2012
):
752
70
.
Saewyc
,
Elizabeth M.
,
Poon
Colleen S.
,
Homma
Yuko
, and
Skay
Carol L.
. “
Stigma Management? The Links between Enacted Stigma and Teen Pregnancy Trends among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Students in British Columbia
.”
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality
17
, no.
3
(
2008
):
123
39
. .
Sarat
,
Austin
, and
Scheingold
Stuart
, eds.
Cause Lawyering and Social Movements
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2006
.
Sawicki
,
Jana
.
Disciplining Foucault: Feminism, Power, and the Body
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Epistemology of the Closet
.
Oakland
:
University of California Press
,
2008
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Touching Feeling: Affect, Pedagogy, Performativity
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Shamir
,
Hila
. “
The State of Care: Rethinking the Distributive Effects of Familial Care Policies in Liberal Welfare States
.”
American Journal of Comparative Law
58
, no.
4
(
2010
):
953
86
.
Silbaugh
,
Katherine B.
Women’s Place: Urban Planning, Housing Design, and Work-Family Balance
.”
Fordham Law Review
76
, no.
3
(
2007
):
1797
852
.
Singh
,
Nikhil Pal
.
Black Is a Country: Race and the Unfinished Struggle for Democracy
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2004
.
Sitkoff
,
Harvard
.
A New Deal for Blacks: The Emergence of Civil Rights as National Issue, Volume 1: The Depression Decade
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1978
.
Slepian
,
Arthur
. “
An Inconvenient Truth: The Myths of Pinkwashing
.”
Tikkun
,
July
3
,
2012
. .
Snorton
,
C. Riley
.
Nobody Is Supposed to Know: Black Sexuality on the Down Low
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2014
.
Spade
,
Dean
. “
Documenting Gender
.”
Hastings Law Journal
59
, no.
1
(
2008
):
731
841
.
Steele
,
Shelby
.
The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race in America
.
New York
:
Harper Perennial
,
1990
.
Stone
,
Brad Elliott
. “
The Down Low and the Sexuality of Race
.”
Foucault Studies
12
(
2011
):
36
50
.
Stone
,
Deborah
.
Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Decision Making
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2002
.
Suk
,
Jeannie
. “
Criminal Law Comes Home
.”
Yale Law Journal
116
, no.
1
(
2006
):
2
70
.
Sullivan
,
Andrew
.
Virtually Normal
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1996
.
Taylor
,
Charles
.
Multiculturalism and “The Politics of Recognition.”
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1992
.
Tushnet
,
Mark
. “
The Critique of Rights
.”
Southern Methodist University Law Review
47
, no.
1
(
1993–94
):
23
36
.
The Unnecessary Doctrine of Necessaries
.”
Michigan Law Review
82
, no.
7
(
June
1984
):
1767
99
.
U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Policy, Planning and Research
.
The Negro Family: The Case for National Action
.
Washington, DC
:
U.S. Government Printing Office
,
1965
.
Vaid
,
Urvashi
.
Irresistible Revolution: Confronting Race, Class and the Assumptions of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Politics
.
New York
:
Magnus
,
2012
.
Waadlijk
,
Kees
. “
Small Change: How the Road to Same-Sex Marriage Got Paved in the Netherlands
.” In
Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships: A Study of National, European and International Law
, ed.
Andenaes
Mads
and
Wintemute
Robert
,
437
64
.
Oxford
:
Hart
,
2001
.
Waggoner
,
Lawrence W.
The Uniform Probate Code’s Elective Share: Time for a Reassessment
.”
University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform
37
, no.
1
(
2003–4
):
1
37
.
Walters
,
Suzanna Danuta
.
All the Rage: The Story of Gay Visibility in America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2001
.
Walters
,
Suzanna Danuta
.
The Tolerance Trap: How God, Genes, and Good Intentions Are Sabotaging Gay Equality
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2014
.
Warner
,
Michael
.
The Trouble with Normal: Sex, Politics, and the Ethics of Queer Life
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1999
.
Wilber
,
Shannan
.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Guide to Juvenile Detention Reform
.
Annie E. Casey Foundation
,
2015
. .
Williams
,
Lucy A.
The Ideology of Division: Behavior Modification Welfare Reform Proposals
.”
Yale Law Journal
102
, no.
3
(
1992
):
719
46
.
Wilson
,
Bianca D. M.
,
Cooper
Khush
,
Kastanis
Angel
, and
Nezhad
Sheila
.
New Report: Sexual and Gender Minority Youth in Foster Care
.
Los Angeles
:
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2014
.
Winter
,
Steven L.
An Upside/Down View of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty
.”
Texas Law Review
69
(
1991
):
1881
1927
.
Wolfson
,
Evan
.
Why Marriage Matters: America, Equality, and Gay People’s Right to Marry
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
,
2004
.
Zaibert
,
Leo
. “
Punishment and Revenge
.”
Law and Philosophy
25
, no.
1
(
2006
):
81
118
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Bibliography

Case Law and Legal Briefs

Baehr v. Lewin. 852 P.2d 44 (1993), as clarified on reconsideration (May 27, 1993).

Bowers v. Hardwick. 478 U.S. 186 (1986).

Boy Scouts of America v. Dale. 530 U.S. 640 (2000).

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. 387 U.S. 483 (1954).

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby. 134 S. Ct. 2751 (2014).

Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98 (2000).

Christian Legal Society Chapter of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law v. Martinez. 561 U.S. 661 (2010).

Craig v. Boren. 429 U.S. 190 (1976).

Cruzan v. Special School District No. 1. 294 F.3d 981 (8th Cir. 2002).

DeBoer v. Snyder. 772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir. 2014).

District of Columbia v. Heller. 554 U.S. 570 (2008).

Doe v. Regional School Unit 26. 86 A.3d 600 (Me. 2014).

Fabrizio v. City of Providence. 104 A.3d 1289 (R.I. 2014).

Florida Department of Children and Families v. Adoption of X.X.G. 45 So. 3d 79 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2010).

Goins v. West Group. 635 N.W.2d 717 (Minn. 2001).

Goodridge v. Department of Public Health. 440 Mass. 309 (Mass. 2003).

Griswold v. Connecticut. 381 U.S. 479, 483 (1965).

Hollingsworth v. Perry. 133 S. Ct. 2652, 186 L. Ed. 2d 768 (U.S. 2013).

Hollingsworth v. Perry. Brief of Amici Curiae Kenneth B. Mehlman et al. Supporting Respondents, Hollingsworth v. Perry, 133 S.Ct. 2652 (2013). No. 12-144.

Huff v. Chapel Hill–Chancy Hall School. 16 MDLR 1605 (Massachusetts Commission against Discrimination, 1994).

Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Group of Boston. 515 U.S. 557 (1995). In re Marriage Cases. 183 P.3d 384 (Cal. 2008).

Kerrigan v. Commissioner of Public Health. 289 Conn. 135, 957 A.2d 407 (2008).

Lawrence v. Texas. 539 U.S. 558 (2003).

Lochner v. New York. 198 U.S. 45 (1905).

Lofton v. Secretary of the Department of Children and Family Services. 358 F.3d 804 (11th Cir. 2004).

Log Cabin Republicans v. United States. 716 F.Supp.2d 884 (C.D.Cal. 2010).

Loving v. Virginia. 388 U.S. 1 (1967).

Macy v. Holder. EEOC doc. 0120120821, 2012 WL 1435995.

Marbury v. Madison. 1 Cranch, 137 (1803).

Mathis v. Fountain-Fort Carson School District 8. Charge no. P20130034X (2013). http://www.transgenderlegal.org/media/uploads/doc_529.pdf.

McDonald v. City of Chicago. 130 S. Ct. 3020, 3108 (2010).

McLaughlin v. State of Florida. 379 U.S. 184 (1964).

Meyer v. Nebraska. 262 U.S. 390 (1923).

M v. H. (1999) 2 S.C.R. 3 (Can.).

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius. 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012).

Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015).

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief for the American Psychological Association as Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1004713 (U.S.). Nos. 14–556, 14–562, 14–571, 14–574.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief of Constitutional Law Scholars Supporting Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1022689 (U.S.). Nos. 14–556, 14–562, 14–571, 14–574.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief for Respondent, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1384100 (U.S.). No. 14–556.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief of 379 Employers and Organizations Representing Employers as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015).

Obergefell v. Hodges. Brief of Kenneth B. Mehlman et al. as Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 981540 (U.S.). Nos. 14–556, 14–562, 14–571, 14–574.

Obergefell v. Hodges. Reply Brief for Petitioners, Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S. Ct. 2584 (2015). WL 1776076 (U.S.) (No. 14–556).

Pace v. State. 106 U.S. 583 (1883).

Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1. 551 U.S. 701, 772 (2007).

Parker v. Hurley. 474 F. Supp. 2d 261 (D. Mass. 2007) aff’d, 514 F.3d 87 (1st Cir. 2008).

Parker v. Hurley. Brief for Amicus aclu of Massachusetts at 19, Parker v. Hurley, 474 F. Supp. 2d 261 (D. Mass. 2007) aff’d, 514 F.3d 87 (1st Cir. 2008). No. 06-cv-10751-MLW, 2006.

Perry v. Brown. 671 F.3d 1052 (9th Cir. 2012), vacated and remanded sub nom.

Perry v. Schwarzenegger. 704 F. Supp. 2d 921 (N.D. Cal. 2010), aff’d sub nom.

Pickup v. Brown. 728 F.3d 1042 (9th Cir. 2013). Cert denied, 134 S. Ct. 2871 (2014).

Pierce v. Society of Sisters. 268 U.S. 510 (1925).

Planned Parenthood v. Casey. 505 U.S. 833 (1992).

Plessy v. Ferguson. 163 U.S. 537 (1896).

Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins. 490 U.S. 228 (1988).

Roe v. Wade. 410 U.S. 113 (1973).

Romer v. Evans. 517 U.S. 620 (1996).

Rosa v. Park West Bank and Trust Company. 214 F.3d 213 (1st Cir. 2000).

Schroer v. Billington. 577 F. Supp. 2d, 293 (D.C. Cir. 2008).

Slaughter-House Cases. 83 U.S. 36 (1873).

Smith v. City of Salem, Ohio. 378 F.3d 566 (6th Cir. 2004).

Smith v. Organization of Foster Families for Equality and Reform. 431 U.S. 816 (1977).

Sommers v. Budget Marketing, Inc. 667 F.2d 748 (8th Cir. 1982).

Strauss v. Horton. 207 P.3d 48 (Cal. 2009).

Stringfellows of New York Ltd. v. City of New York. 91 N.Y.2d 382 (1998).

Texas et al. v. United States. Case 7:16-cv-00054-O (N.D. Tex. 2016).

Turner v. Safley. 482 U.S. 78, 95–96 (1987).

Ulane v. Eastern Airlines, Inc. 742 F.2d 1081 (7th Cir. 1984).

United States v. Windsor. 133 S. Ct. 2675 (2013).

United States v. Windsor. Brief of 278 Employers and Organizations Representing Employers as Amici Curiae in Support of Edith Schlain Windsor, Windsor v. U.S., 133 S. Ct. 2675 (2013).

Washington v. Davis. 426 U.S. 229 (1976).

Women’s Liberation Front v. U.S. Department of Justice. 1:16-cv-00915 (D.N.M. 2016).

Yick Wo v. Hopkins. 118 U.S. 356 (1886).

Secondary Sources
Ackerman
,
Bruce
.
We the People: Foundations
.
Cambridge. MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1991
.
Adler
,
Libby
, and
Halley
Janet
. “
You Play, You Pay
.” In
Governance Feminism: Notes from the Field
, ed.
Halley
Janet
,
Kotiswaran
Prabha
,
Shamir
Hila
, and
Rebouché
Rachel
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
forthcoming
.
Ahmed
,
Aziza
. “
Think Again: Prostitution: Why Zero-Tolerance Makes for Bad Policy on the World’s Oldest Profession
.”
Foreign Policy
,
January
19
,
2014
. http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/01/19/think-again-prostitution.
Ahmed
,
Aziza
. “
When Men Are Harmed: Feminism, Queer Theory, and Torture at Abu Ghraib
.”
UCLA Journal of Islamic and Near Eastern Law
11
(
2012
):
1
19
.
Alexander
,
Michelle
.
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2012
.
Arnold
,
Emily A.
, and
Bailey
Marion M.
. “
Constructing Home and Family: How the Ballroom Community Supports African American GLBTQ Youth in the Face of HIV/AIDS
.”
Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services
21
(
2–3
) (
January
1
,
2009
):
171
88
. .
Badgett
,
M. V. Lee
.
Money, Myths and Change
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2001
.
Badgett
,
M. V. Lee
,
Durso
Laura E.
, and
Schneebaum
Alyssa
. “
New Patterns of Poverty in the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2013
. .
Badgett
,
M. V. Lee
,
Nezhad
Sheila
,
Walldijk
Kees
, and
Rodgers
Yana van der Meulen
. “
LGBT Inclusion and Economic Development in Emerging Economies
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
November
2014
. .
Barclay
,
Scott
,
Bernstein
Mary
, and
Marshall
Anna-Marie
, eds.
Queer Mobilizations: LGBT Activists Confront the Law
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Battles
,
Kathleen
, and
Hilton-Morrow
Wendy
. “
Gay Characters in Conventional Spaces: Will and Grace in the Situation Comedy Genre
.”
Critical Studies in Media Communication
19
, no.
1
(
March
2002
):
87
105
. .
Becker
,
Gary S.
A Treatise on Family
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1981
.
Bell
,
Derrick
.
Silent Covenants
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2004
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
, and
Warner
Michael
. “
Sex in Public
.”
Critical Inquiry
24
, no.
2
(
1998
):
551
52
.
Bernstein
,
Elizabeth
. “
Carceral Politics as Gender Justice? The ‘Traffic in Women’ and Neoliberal Circuits of Crime, Sex, and Rights
.”
Theory and Society
41
, no.
3
(
2012
):
233
59
.
Bersani
,
Leo
. “
Is the Rectum a Grave?
AIDS: Cultural Analysis/Cultural Activism
43
(
October
1987
):
197
222
.
Bersani
,
Leo
, and
Phillips
Adam
.
Intimacies
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
:
2008
.
Bickel
,
Alexander M.
The Least Dangerous Branch: The Supreme Court at the Bar of Politics
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
,
1962
.
Blackstone
,
William
.
Blackstone’s Commentaries
.
London
:
Forgotten
,
2012
.
Blank
,
Yishai
, and
Rosen-Zvi
Issi
. “
The Geography of Sexuality
.”
North Carolina Law Review
90
, no.
4
(
2012
):
955
1025
.
Blankenhorn
,
David
.
Fatherless America: Confronting Our Most Urgent Social Problem
.
New York
:
Harper Perennial
,
1996
.
Blankenhorn
,
David
.
The Future of Marriage
.
New York
:
Encounter
,
2007
.
Brito
,
Tonya L.
Fathers behind Bars: Rethinking Child Support Policy toward Low-Income Noncustodial Fathers and Their Families
.”
Iowa Journal of Gender, Race and Justice
15
(
2012
):
617
73
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism’s Stealth Revolution
.
New York
:
Zone
,
2015
.
Butler
,
Judith
. “
Merely Cultural
.” In
Adding Insult to Injury: Nancy Fraser Debates Her Critics
, ed.
Olsen
Kevin
,
42
56
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2008
.
Butler
,
Judith
.
The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
1997
.
Cahn
,
Naomi
, and
Carbone
June
.
Red Families v. Blue Families: Legal Polarization and the Creation of Culture
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2010
.
Carpenter
,
Dale
.
Flagrant Conduct: The Story of Lawrence v. Texas
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2012
.
Case
,
Mary Anne
. “
How High the Apple Pie— A Few Troubling Questions about Where, Why, and How the Burden of Care for Children Should Be Shifted
.”
Chicago-Kent Law Review
76
(
2001
):
1753
88
.
Chauncy
,
George
.
Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890–1940
.
New York
:
Basic
,
1995
.
Cohen
,
Cathy J.
Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens: The Radical Potential of Queer Politics?
GLQ
3
, no.
4
(
1997
):
437
65
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism
.
New York
:
Routledge
:
2005
.
Connor
,
Brendan M.
In Loco Aequitatis: The Dangers of ‘Safe Harbor’ Laws for Youth in the Sex Trades
,”
Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
12
, no.
1
(
2016
):
43
120
.
Conrad
,
Ryan
, ed.
Against Equality: Queer Revolution, not Mere Inclusion
.
Oakland, CA
:
AK
,
2014
.
Cossman
,
Brenda
. “
Family Feuds: Neo-Liberal and Neo-Conservative Visions of the Reprivatization Project
.” In
Privatization, Law, and the Challenge to Feminism
, ed.
Cossman
Brenda
and
Fudge
Judy
,
169
217
.
Toronto
:
University of Toronto Press
,
2002
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color
.”
Stanford Law Review
43
, no.
6
(
1991
):
1241
99
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Anti-discrimination Law
.”
Harvard Law Review
101
, no.
7
(
1988
):
1331
87
.
Crooms
,
Lisa A.
Everywhere There’s War: A Racial Realist’s Reconsideration of Hate Crimes Statutes
.”
Georgetown Journal of Gender and Law
1
(
1999
):
41
66
.
Dank
,
Meredith
. “
Locked In: Interactions with the Criminal Justice and Child Welfare Systems for LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Who Engage in Survival Sex
.”
Urban Institute, Washington, DC
,
2015
. .
Dank
,
Meredith
.
Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex
.
Washington, DC
:
Urban Institute
,
February
2015
. .
Dean
,
Tim
. “
Queer Desire, Psychoanalytic Hermeneutics, and Love Lyric
.” In
A Concise Companion to Psychoanalysis, Literature, and Culture
, ed. Laura Marcus and Ankhi Mukherjee,
151
66
.
Chichester, UK
:
John Wiley and Sons
,
2014
.
Delgado
,
Richard
. “
The Ethereal Scholar: Does Critical Legal Studies Have What Minorities Want?
Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review
22
, no.
2
(
1987
):
301
22
.
D’Emilio
,
John
. “
Capitalism and Gay Identity
.” In
Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University
,
3
16
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
D’Emilio
,
John
. “
Dreams Deferred
.” In
Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University
,
17
56
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
D’Emilio
,
John
. “
The Homosexual Menace
.” In
Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University
,
57
73
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
De Tocqueville
,
Alexis
.
Democracy in America
(
1835
), ed.
Mansfield
Harvey C.
and
Winthrop
Delba
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2000
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
.
The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
2003
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
, and
Kim
Richard
. “
Preface
.” In
“A New Queer Agenda,” special issue, Scholar and Feminist Online
10
, nos.
1–2
(Fall
2011
–Spring
2012
). .
Durso
,
Laura E.
, and
Gates
Gary J.
. “
Serving Our Youth: Findings from a National Survey of Services Providers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth Who Are Homeless or at Risk of Becoming Homeless
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2012
. .
Ely
,
John Hart
.
Democracy and Distrust: A Theory of Judicial Review
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1980
.
Eng
,
David
.
The Feeling of Kinship: Queer Liberalism and the Racialization of Intimacy
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2010
.
Engels
,
Friedrich
.
The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State
(
1884
), ed.
Leacock
Eleanor Burke
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1972
.
Ershow-Levenberg
,
Linda S.
Court Approval of Medicaid Spend-Down Planning by Guardians
.”
Marquette Elder’s Advisor
6
, no.
2
(
2005
):
197
215
.
Eskridge
,
William N.
Jr.
The Case for Same-Sex Marriage: From Sexual Liberty to Civilized Commitment
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Eskridge
,
William N.
, Jr.
Comparative Law and the Same-Sex Marriage Debate: A Step-by-Step Approach toward State Recognition
.”
McGeorge Law Review
31
, no.
3
(
2000
):
641
72
.
Eskridge
,
William N.
, Jr.
Hardwick and Historiography
.”
University of Illinois Law Review
1999
(
1999
):
631
702
.
Feinberg
,
Joel
. “
The Expressive Function of Punishment
.”
The Monist
49
, no.
3
(
1965
):
397
423
.
Fiss
,
Owen M.
Groups and the Equal Protection Clause
.”
Philosophy and Public Affairs
5
, no.
2
(
1976
):
107
77
.
Florida
,
Richard
.
The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It’s Transforming Work, Leisure, Community, and Everyday Life
.
New York
:
Basic
,
2002
.
Foner
,
Philip S.
, ed. “
Socialism and the Negro Problem
.” In
W. E. B. Du Bois Speaks: Speeches and Addresses 1890–1919
, ed.
Foner
Philip S.
,
240
.
New York
:
Pathfinder
,
1970
.
Foohey
,
Pamela
. “
Panel Discusses Prostitution and the Sex Industry
.”
Harvard Law Record
(
September
10
,
2008
). .
Foucault
,
Michel
.
The Archaeology of Knowledge
, trans.
Smith
A. M. Sheridan
.
New York
:
Harper Torch
,
1972
.
Foucault
,
Michel
. “
Two Lectures
.” In
Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977
, ed.
Gordon
Colin
, trans.
Gordon
Colin
,
Marshall
Leo
,
Mepham
John
, and
Soper
Kate
,
78
108
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1980
.
Fowler
,
Patrick J.
,
Toro
Paul A.
, and
Miles
Bart W.
. “
Pathways to and from Homelessness and Associated Psychosocial Outcomes among Adolescents Leaving the Foster Care System
.”
American Journal of Public Health
99
, no.
8
(
2009
):
1453
58
.
Franke
,
Katherine
. “
Dating the State: The Moral Hazards of Winning Gay Rights
.”
Columbia Human Rights Law Review
49
, no.
1
(
2012
):
1
46
.
Franke
,
Katherine
. “
The Greater Context of the Pinkwashing Debate
.”
Tikkun
,
July
3
,
2012
. .
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Feminism, Capitalism and the Cunning of History
.”
New Left Review
56
(
2009
).
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
From Redistribution to Recognition? Dilemmas of Justice in a ‘Postsocialist Age’
.” In
Adding Insult to Injury: Nancy Fraser Debates Her Critics
, ed.
Olsen
Kevin
,
9
41
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2008
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Heterosexism, Misrecognition, and Capitalism: A Response to Judith Butler
.” In
Adding Insult to Injury: Nancy Fraser Debates Her Critics
, ed.
Olsen
Kevin
,
57
68
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2008
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Rethinking Recognition
.”
New Left Review
3
(
May–June
2000
):
107
20
. .
Galanter
,
Marc
. “
Why the ‘Haves’ Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Legal Change
,”
Law and Society Review
9
, no.
1
(
1974
):
95
160
.
Gates
,
Gary
. “
LGBT People Are Disproportionately Food Insecure
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2014
.
Gates
,
Gary J.
, and
Ost
Jason
.
The Gay and Lesbian Atlas
.
Washington, DC
:
Urban Institute Press
,
2004
.
Girls Do What They Have to Do to Survive: Illuminating Methods Used by Girls in the Sex Trade and Street Economy to Fight Back and Heal, a Participatory Action Research Study of Resilience and Resistance
.”
Young Women’s Empowerment Project, Chicago
,
2009
,
7
. .
Goldberg
,
Suzanne
. “
Social Justice Movements and LatCrit Community: On Making Anti-Essentialist and Social Constructionist Arguments in Court
.”
Oregon Law Review
81
, no.
3
(
2002
):
629
62
.
Goldberg-Hiller
,
Jonathan
.
The Limits to Union: Same-Sex Marriage and the Politics of Civil Rights
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
2004
.
Hale
,
Robert L.
Coercion and Distribution in a Supposedly Non-coercive State
.”
Political Science Quarterly
38
, no.
3
(
1923
):
470
94
.
Hall
,
Simon
. “
The NAACP and the Challenges of 1969’s Radicalism
.” In
Long Is the Way and Hard: One Hundred Years of the NAACP
, ed.
Verney
Kevern
and
Sartain
Lee
.
Fayetteville
:
University of Arkansas Press
,
2009
.
Halley
,
Janet
. “
Doing a Distributional Analysis
.” In
Governance Feminism: An Introduction
, ed.
Halley
Janet
,
Kotiswaran
Prabha
,
Shamir
Hila
, and
Rebouché
Rachel
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
forthcoming
.
Halley
,
Janet
. “
Rhetorics of Justification in the Same-Sex Marriage Debate
.” In
Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships: A Study of National, European and International Law
, ed.
Andenaes
Mads
and
Wintemute
Robert
.
Oxford
:
Hart
,
2001
.
Hanhardt
,
Christina B.
Safe Space: Gay Neighborhood History and the Politics of Violence
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2013
.
Harcourt
,
Bernard E.
The Illusion of Free Markets: Punishment and the Myth of Natural Order
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2011
.
Harris
,
Angela P.
From Stonewall to the Suburbs? Toward a Political Economy of Sexuality
.”
William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal
14
, no.
4
(
2006
):
1539
82
.
Hasenbush
,
Amira
,
Flores
Andrew R.
,
Kastanis
Angeliki
,
Sears
Brad
, and
Gates
Gary J.
. “
The LGBT Divide: A Data Portrait of LGBT People in the Midwestern, Mountain and Southern States
.”
Report
.
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2014
. .
Hirshman
,
Linda
.
Victory: The Triumphant Gay Revolution
.
New York
:
Harper Perennial
,
2012
.
Holmes
,
Oliver Wendell
.
The Common Law
.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
,
1881
.
Holmes
,
Oliver Wendell
. “
The Path of the Law
.”
Harvard Law Review
10
(
1897
):
457
88
.
Honneth
,
Axel
. “
Recognition or Redistribution? Changing Perspectives on the Moral Order of Society
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
18
, nos.
2–3
(
2001
):
43
55
.
Hooker
,
Evelyn
. “
The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual
.”
Journal of Projective Techniques
21
(
1957
):
18
31
.
Horwitz
,
Morton J.
The Jurisprudence of Brown and the Dilemmas of Liberalism
.”
Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review
14
, no.
3
(
1979
):
599
613
.
Horwitz
,
Morton J.
The Transformation of American Law, 1870–1960: The Crisis of Legal Orthodoxy
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1992
.
Horwitz
,
Morton J.
The Warren Court and the Pursuit of Justice
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1998
.
Humphreys
,
Laud
.
Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Places (Observations)
.
Chicago
:
Aldine Transaction
,
1975
.
Johnson
,
David K.
The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2004
.
Katyal
,
Sonia
. “
Exporting Identity
.”
Yale Journal of Law and Feminism
14
, no.
1
(
2002
):
97
176
.
Katznelson
,
Ira
.
When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2005
.
Kennedy
,
Duncan
.
A Critique of Adjudication (Fin de Siècle)
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1997
.
Kennedy
,
Duncan
. “
The Critique of Rights in Critical Legal Studies
.” In
Left Legalism/Left Critique
, ed.
Brown
Wendy
and
Halley
Janet
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Kennedy
,
Duncan
. “
The Stakes of Law, or Hale and Foucault!
” In
Sexy Dressing Etc.
, ed.
Kennedy
Duncan
,
83
125
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Klare
,
Karl
. “
Critical Perspectives on Social and Economic Rights, Democracy and Separation of Powers
.” In
Social Economic Rights in Theory and Practice: Critical Inquiries
, ed.
García
Helena Alviar
,
Klare
Karl
, and
Williams
Lucy
,
3
22
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2015
.
Klein
,
Naomi
.
No Logo: No Space, No Choice, No Jobs
.
New York
:
Picador
,
2000
.
Knauer
,
Nancy J.
LGBT Youth: Reconciling Family, Pride, and Community
.”
Temple Political and Civil Rights Law Review
23
, no.
2
(
2014
):
253
62
.
Koppelman
,
Andrew
. “
Why Discrimination against Lesbians and Gay Men Is Sex Discrimination
.”
New York Law Review
69
, no.
2
(
1994
):
197
287
.
Landis
,
James M.
The Administrative Process
.
New Haven, CT
:
Yale University Press
,
1938
.
Lankenau
,
Stephen E.
,
Clatts
Michael C.
,
Welle
Dorinda
,
Goldsamt
Lloyd A.
, and
Gwadz
Marya Viost
. “
Street Careers: Homelessness, Drug Use, and Sex Work among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men (YMSM)
.”
International Journal of Drug Policy
16
, no.
1
(
2005
):
10
18
.
Law
,
Sylvia
. “
Homosexuality and the Social Meaning of Gender
.”
Wisconsin Law Review
1988
(
1988
):
187
235
.
Leachman
,
Gwendolyn M.
From Protest to Perry: How Litigation Shaped the LGBT Movement’s Agenda
.”
University of California Davis Law Review
47
(
2014
):
1668
751
.
Lévi-Strauss
,
Claude
.
The Savage Mind
, trans.
Weidenfeld
George
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1966
.
Levitsky
,
Sandra R.
To Lead with Law: Reassessing the Influence of Legal Advocacy Organizations in Social Movements
.” In
Cause Lawyering and Social Movements
, ed.
Sarat
Austin
and
Scheingold
Stuart
,
145
63
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2006
.
Linder
,
Marc
. “
Farm Workers and the Fair Labor Standards Act: Racial Discrimination in the New Deal
.”
Texas Law Review
65
(
1987
):
1335
93
.
Llewellyn
,
Karl L.
A Realistic Jurisprudence— The Next Step
.”
Columbia Law Review
30
, no.
4
(
1930
):
431
65
.
Lorde
,
Audre
, “
The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House
.” In
Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches
,
110
13
.
Freedom, CA
:
Crossing
,
1984
.
Marx
,
Karl
, and
Engels
Friedrich
. “
On the Jewish Question
.” In
The Marx-Engels Reader
, ed.
Tucker
Robert C.
,
26
52
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
1978
.
Massad
,
Joseph
. “
Re-orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World
.”
Public Culture
14
, no.
2
(
2002
):
361
85
.
McKnight
,
Gerald
.
The Last Crusade: Martin Luther King, Jr., the FBI, and the Poor People’s Campaign
.
Boulder, CO
:
Westview
,
1998
.
Menand
,
Louis
.
The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
,
2001
.
Minter
,
Shannon
. “
Do Transsexuals Dream of Gay Rights? Getting Real about Transgender Inclusion
.” In
Transgender Rights
, ed.
Currah
Paisley
,
Juang
Richard
, and
Minter
Shannon Price
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2006
.
Mnookin
,
Robert H.
, and
Kornhauser
Lewis
. “
Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: The Case of Divorce
.”
Yale Law Journal
88
, no.
5
(
1979
):
950
97
.
Mogul
,
Joey L.
,
Whitlock
Kay
, and
Ritchie
Andrea K.
.
Queer (In)Justice: The Criminalization of LGBT People in the United States
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
2011
.
Morgan
,
Emily
,
Salomon
,
Nina
Plotkin
Martha
, and
Cohen
Rebecca
. “
The School Discipline Consensus Report: Strategies from the Field to Keep Students Engaged in School and Out of the Juvenile Justice System
.”
Council of State Governments Justice Center, New York
,
2014
. .
Movement Advancement Project, Freedom to Work, National Black Justice Coalition, Human Rights Campaign, Center for American Progress, FIRE
, “
A Broken Bargain for LGBT Workers of Color
,”
2013
. .
Muñoz
,
José Esteban
.
Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Murray
,
Charles
.
Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950–1980
.
New York
:
Basic
,
1984
.
Napolitano
,
Andrew
.
The Constitution in Exile
.
Nashville, TN
:
Thomas Nelson
,
2006
.
Olsen
,
Frances E.
The Family and the Market: A Study of Ideology and Legal Reform
.”
Harvard Law Review
96
, no.
7
(
1983
):
1497
578
.
Olsen
,
Frances E.
The Myth of State Intervention in the Family
.”
Michigan Journal of Law Reform
18
, no.
4
(
1985
):
835
64
.
Olsen
,
Frances E.
Statutory Rape: A Feminist Critique of Rights Analysis
.”
Texas Law Review
63
, no.
3
(
1984
):
387
432
.
Otto
,
Diane
. “
Transnational Homo-Assemblages: Reading ‘Gender’ in Counter-terrorism Discourses
.”
Jindal Global Law Review
4
, no.
2
. (
2013
):
79
98
.
Our Fair City: A Comprehensive Blueprint for Gender and Sexual Justice in New York City
.
New York
:
Columbia Law School
,
2014
. .
Peller
,
Gary
. “
Race Consciousness
.”
Duke Law Journal
39
, no.
4
(
1990
),
758
847
.
Pendleton
,
Eva
, and
Goldschmidt
Jane
. “
Sex Panic!—Make the Connections
.”
Harvard Gay and Lesbian Review
5
, no.
3
(
1998
):
30
33
.
Polikoff
,
Nancy
.
Beyond (Straight and Gay) Marriage: Valuing all Families under the Law
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
2008
.
Preston
,
Cheryl B.
, and
Crowther
Brandon T.
. “
Infancy Doctrine Inquiries
.”
Santa Clara Law Review
52
(
2012
):
47
80
.
Puar
,
Jasbir
. “
Rethinking Homonationalism
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
45
, no.
2
(
2013
):
336
39
.
Puar
,
Jasbir
.
Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Rand
,
Spencer
. “
The Real Marriage Penalty: How Welfare Law Discourages Marriage despite Public Policy Statements to the Contrary— and What Can Be Done about It
.”
University of the District of Columbia Law Review
18
, no.
1
(
2015
):
93
143
.
Ransby
,
Barbara
.
Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2003
.
Ray
,
Nicholas
. “
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth: An Epidemic of Homelessness
.”
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute and the National Coalition for the Homeless
,
2006
. .
Regnerus
,
Mark
. “
How Different Are the Adult Children of Parents Who Have Same-Sex Relationships? Findings from the New Family Structures Study
.”
Social Science Research
41
, no.
4
(
July
2012
):
752
70
.
Saewyc
,
Elizabeth M.
,
Poon
Colleen S.
,
Homma
Yuko
, and
Skay
Carol L.
. “
Stigma Management? The Links between Enacted Stigma and Teen Pregnancy Trends among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Students in British Columbia
.”
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality
17
, no.
3
(
2008
):
123
39
. .
Sarat
,
Austin
, and
Scheingold
Stuart
, eds.
Cause Lawyering and Social Movements
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2006
.
Sawicki
,
Jana
.
Disciplining Foucault: Feminism, Power, and the Body
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Epistemology of the Closet
.
Oakland
:
University of California Press
,
2008
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Touching Feeling: Affect, Pedagogy, Performativity
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Shamir
,
Hila
. “
The State of Care: Rethinking the Distributive Effects of Familial Care Policies in Liberal Welfare States
.”
American Journal of Comparative Law
58
, no.
4
(
2010
):
953
86
.
Silbaugh
,
Katherine B.
Women’s Place: Urban Planning, Housing Design, and Work-Family Balance
.”
Fordham Law Review
76
, no.
3
(
2007
):
1797
852
.
Singh
,
Nikhil Pal
.
Black Is a Country: Race and the Unfinished Struggle for Democracy
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2004
.
Sitkoff
,
Harvard
.
A New Deal for Blacks: The Emergence of Civil Rights as National Issue, Volume 1: The Depression Decade
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1978
.
Slepian
,
Arthur
. “
An Inconvenient Truth: The Myths of Pinkwashing
.”
Tikkun
,
July
3
,
2012
. .
Snorton
,
C. Riley
.
Nobody Is Supposed to Know: Black Sexuality on the Down Low
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2014
.
Spade
,
Dean
. “
Documenting Gender
.”
Hastings Law Journal
59
, no.
1
(
2008
):
731
841
.
Steele
,
Shelby
.
The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race in America
.
New York
:
Harper Perennial
,
1990
.
Stone
,
Brad Elliott
. “
The Down Low and the Sexuality of Race
.”
Foucault Studies
12
(
2011
):
36
50
.
Stone
,
Deborah
.
Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Decision Making
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2002
.
Suk
,
Jeannie
. “
Criminal Law Comes Home
.”
Yale Law Journal
116
, no.
1
(
2006
):
2
70
.
Sullivan
,
Andrew
.
Virtually Normal
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1996
.
Taylor
,
Charles
.
Multiculturalism and “The Politics of Recognition.”
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1992
.
Tushnet
,
Mark
. “
The Critique of Rights
.”
Southern Methodist University Law Review
47
, no.
1
(
1993–94
):
23
36
.
The Unnecessary Doctrine of Necessaries
.”
Michigan Law Review
82
, no.
7
(
June
1984
):
1767
99
.
U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Policy, Planning and Research
.
The Negro Family: The Case for National Action
.
Washington, DC
:
U.S. Government Printing Office
,
1965
.
Vaid
,
Urvashi
.
Irresistible Revolution: Confronting Race, Class and the Assumptions of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Politics
.
New York
:
Magnus
,
2012
.
Waadlijk
,
Kees
. “
Small Change: How the Road to Same-Sex Marriage Got Paved in the Netherlands
.” In
Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships: A Study of National, European and International Law
, ed.
Andenaes
Mads
and
Wintemute
Robert
,
437
64
.
Oxford
:
Hart
,
2001
.
Waggoner
,
Lawrence W.
The Uniform Probate Code’s Elective Share: Time for a Reassessment
.”
University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform
37
, no.
1
(
2003–4
):
1
37
.
Walters
,
Suzanna Danuta
.
All the Rage: The Story of Gay Visibility in America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2001
.
Walters
,
Suzanna Danuta
.
The Tolerance Trap: How God, Genes, and Good Intentions Are Sabotaging Gay Equality
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2014
.
Warner
,
Michael
.
The Trouble with Normal: Sex, Politics, and the Ethics of Queer Life
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1999
.
Wilber
,
Shannan
.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Guide to Juvenile Detention Reform
.
Annie E. Casey Foundation
,
2015
. .
Williams
,
Lucy A.
The Ideology of Division: Behavior Modification Welfare Reform Proposals
.”
Yale Law Journal
102
, no.
3
(
1992
):
719
46
.
Wilson
,
Bianca D. M.
,
Cooper
Khush
,
Kastanis
Angel
, and
Nezhad
Sheila
.
New Report: Sexual and Gender Minority Youth in Foster Care
.
Los Angeles
:
Williams Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law
,
2014
.
Winter
,
Steven L.
An Upside/Down View of the Countermajoritarian Difficulty
.”
Texas Law Review
69
(
1991
):
1881
1927
.
Wolfson
,
Evan
.
Why Marriage Matters: America, Equality, and Gay People’s Right to Marry
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
,
2004
.
Zaibert
,
Leo
. “
Punishment and Revenge
.”
Law and Philosophy
25
, no.
1
(
2006
):
81
118
.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal