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This chapter lays out the histories under examination. In doing so, it also introduces the notion of “unreasonable histories.” These subaltern histories are unreasonable from the standpoint of evidence (through fragmented archives), politics (by supporting, rather than resisting, colonial states), and in terms of subjects for African history, given that multiracial people defy discrete racial categories. The chapter argues that colonial nativism—which focused state concern on black African communities—has transformed into a postcolonial nativism, with black communities addressed by scholars to the exclusion of other minority communities. This continuity has created “invisible” histories, a problem that needs to be critically addressed. Finally, this chapter explains structure of the book—a genealogical history, in the mode of Foucault—as a means of engaging with these issues.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

BIBLIOGRAPHY
PRIMARY SOURCES
Archives Consulted

National Archives of Malawi (NAM), Zomba

National Archives of the United Kingdom (NAUK), London

National Archives of Zambia (NAZAM), Lusaka

National Archives of Zimbabwe (NAZ), Harare

Interviews

A note on interviews: I met and conversed with a number of people in my research. The list below indicates only formal conversations I had. I stayed with Graham and Annia Stewart in Harare twice, for example, and we had numerous discussions during those periods. I have cited in the text interviews that I have quoted from directly or that were particularly pertinent to the point being made.

Ann and Jessica Ascroft, November 9, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Sam Bhima, December 12, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Effie Buelle, December 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Dinah Coombes, November 8, 1999, Zomba, and November 11, 1999, Zomba, Malawi

Yusuf Ismael, October 17 and December 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Robert Jamieson, October 17, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi, and November 15, 1999, Lilongwe, Malawi

Robert Jamieson and family, October 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Doris Joubert, December 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Florence Mudaliar, December 12, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Tambi Mudaliar, December 12, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Eunice Mussa, October 4, 1999, Zomba, Malawi

Brian Raftopoulos, July 14, 2004, Harare, Zimbabwe

Ishmael Sabadiya, December 15, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Graham and Annia Stewart, July 2004, and March and April 2006, Harare, Zimbabwe

David White, December 17, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

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Figures & Tables

Contents

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References

BIBLIOGRAPHY

BIBLIOGRAPHY
PRIMARY SOURCES
Archives Consulted

National Archives of Malawi (NAM), Zomba

National Archives of the United Kingdom (NAUK), London

National Archives of Zambia (NAZAM), Lusaka

National Archives of Zimbabwe (NAZ), Harare

Interviews

A note on interviews: I met and conversed with a number of people in my research. The list below indicates only formal conversations I had. I stayed with Graham and Annia Stewart in Harare twice, for example, and we had numerous discussions during those periods. I have cited in the text interviews that I have quoted from directly or that were particularly pertinent to the point being made.

Ann and Jessica Ascroft, November 9, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Sam Bhima, December 12, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Effie Buelle, December 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Dinah Coombes, November 8, 1999, Zomba, and November 11, 1999, Zomba, Malawi

Yusuf Ismael, October 17 and December 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Robert Jamieson, October 17, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi, and November 15, 1999, Lilongwe, Malawi

Robert Jamieson and family, October 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Doris Joubert, December 16, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Florence Mudaliar, December 12, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Tambi Mudaliar, December 12, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Eunice Mussa, October 4, 1999, Zomba, Malawi

Brian Raftopoulos, July 14, 2004, Harare, Zimbabwe

Ishmael Sabadiya, December 15, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

Graham and Annia Stewart, July 2004, and March and April 2006, Harare, Zimbabwe

David White, December 17, 1999, Blantyre, Malawi

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