George Ciccariello-Maher is Associate Professor of Politics and Global Studies at Drexel University and the author of We Created Chávez: A People's History of the Venezuelan Revolution, also published by Duke University Press.
Jumpstarting the Class Struggle
This chapter tracks the emergence of a radicalized dialectic of class struggle in the work of turn-of-the-century French syndicalist, Georges Sorel. Distilling an early version of Sorel’s myth from his restaging of the Trial of Socrates, we see how Sorel would later break with unity and turn that myth toward revolutionary change. He does so through an engagement with his Marxist contemporaries, embroiled in the Revisionist Controversy, but in so doing, adopts a complex position: embracing the need to revise Marx, but to do so toward not reformist but revolutionary ends. Diagnosing the absence of an objective basis for...