Downwardly Global: Women, Work, and Citizenship in the Pakistani Diaspora
Pedagogies of Affect
This chapter examines the colonization of the intimate labor that women do, in particular the notion of “care work” in a global perspective. Intimacy and affect become a pedagogical focus in training foreign nurses. This chapter focuses on a government-funded pilot project designed to help foreign-trained nurses become licensed in Ontario. These classes employ “pedagogies of affect” that reproduce a racialized notion of femininity predicated on Westernized ideas about docility and deference. While other accounts of affect and labor have considered the role of gender, I bring these studies into conversation with race- and gender-making in global contexts. As the training of foreign nurses demonstrates, when performing intimate labor, immigrant women are expected to present themselves as docile and deferent. However, these expectations change yet again when women perform a distinct type of gendered cultural labor as the exotic representatives of radical, acceptable difference.