Skip to Main Content
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.

The Introduction explores how the history of postwar Western art (e.g., film, art exhibitions, literature, paintings, jazz, material sculptures, readymades, theater, graphic art) has been constructed and written about. The collected chapters excavate a brief period of historical time and provide thick descriptions of the years 1959 and 1960 that drill down into layers of artistic activity in Western Europe and the Americas. The chapters examine what is gold and what is kitsch, what shines and what does not. By focusing on the crucial years of 1959 and 1960, they bring to light lateral and often surprising connections between divergent artistic milieus. In the exploration of cross-disciplinary topics on art produced in Western Europe (primarily France and Italy) and the Americas (primarily the United States, Brazil, and Cuba),the editors argue that the goal is to remap the cultural and geopolitical commonalities and differences that define each region and national situation.

Works Cited

Works Cited
Newspapers and Periodicals

Advocate of Moral Reform

El Clamor Público

Factory Girl’s Album, and Operatives’ Advocate

The Factory Girl’s Album, and Mechanics Offering

Flag of Our Union

Lowell Offering

The Lily: A Monthly Journal, Devoted to Temperance and Literature

The Una: A Paper Devoted to the Elevation of Women

Voice of Industry

Archives and Collections

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts

American Textile History Museum, Lowell, Massachusetts

Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Center for Lowell History, University of Massachusetts at Lowell

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

New York Public Library

Philadelphia Library Company

Primary and Secondary Sources
Acker
,
Joan
. “
Class, Gender, and Relations of Distribution
.”
Signs
13
.
3
(
1988
):
473
97
.
Acker
,
Joan
.
Class Questions: Feminist Answers
.
New York
:
Rowman and Littlefield
,
2006
.
Almaguer
,
Tomás
.
Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1994
.
Amireh
,
Amal
.
The Factory Girl and the Seamstress: Imagining Gender and Class in Nineteenth Century American Fiction
.
New York
:
Garland
,
2000
.
Anderson
,
Amanda
.
Tainted Souls and Painted Faces: The Rhetoric of Fallenness in Victorian Culture
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1993
.
Anderson
,
Bonnie S.
Joyous Greetings: The First International Women’s Movement, 1830–1860
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Anderson
,
Perry
.
In the Tracks of Historical Materialism
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1984
.
Anna Archdale, Or, the Lowell Factory Girl and Other Tales
.
Boston
:
Gleason
,
c. 1850
.
Annual Report of the School Committee of the City of Boston
.
Boston
:
Rockwell and Churchill
,
1889
.
Argus
.
Norton: Or, the Lights and Shadows of a Factory Village
.
Lowell, Mass.
:
Vox Populi
,
1849
.
The Aristocrat and Trades Union Advocate: A Colloquial Poem, by a Working Woman of Boston
.
Boston
:
Leonard W. Kimball
,
1834
.
Armstrong
,
Nancy
.
Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Armstrong
,
Nancy
, and
Tennenhouse
Lennard
. “
Gender and the Work of Words
.”
Cultural Critique
13
(
1989
):
229
81
.
Arrom
,
Sylvia M.
The Women of Mexico City, 1790–1857
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1985
.
Arthur
,
T[imothy] S[hay]
.
The Seamstress: A Tale of the Times
.
Philadelphia
:
R. G. Berford
,
1843
.
Bailey
,
Ronald
. “
‘Those Valuable People, the Africans.’
” In
The Meaning of Slavery in the North
, ed.
Roediger
David
and
Blatt
Martin
.
New York
:
Garland
,
1998
.
3
31
.
Balibar
,
Etienne
, and
Wallerstein
Immanuel
.
Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities
.
New York
:
Verso
,
1991
.
Bauer
,
Dale M.
Sex Expression and American Women Writers, 1860–1940
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2009
.
Baym
,
Nina
.
Woman’s Fiction: A Guide to Novels by and about Women in America, 1820–70
.
2nd
edition.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
Beebe
,
Rose Marie
, and
Senkewiecz
Robert M.
, eds. and trans.
Testimonios: Early California through the Eyes of Women, 1815–1848
.
Berkeley
:
Heyday Books
,
2007
.
Beecher
,
Catharine
, and
Stowe
Harriet Beecher
.
The American Woman’s Home
.
New York
:
J. B. Ford
,
1869
.
Berg
,
Barbara J.
The Remembered Gate: Origins of American Feminism. The Woman and the City, 1800–1860
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1978
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
.
Anatomy of National Fantasy: Hawthorne, Utopia, and Everyday Life
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Berman
,
Marshall
.
All That Is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1982
.
Bernstein
,
Robin
.
Racial Innocence: Performing American Childhood from Slavery to Civil Rights
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2011
.
Bernstein
,
Susan David
. “
Dirty Reading: Sensation Fiction, Women, and Primitivism
.”
Criticism
36
.
2
(
1994
):
213
41
.
Bettie
,
Julie
.
Women without Class: Girls, Race, and Identity
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Blackmar
,
Elizabeth
.
Manhattan for Rent: Housing and Property Relations in New York City
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1989
.
Blewett
,
Mary H.
Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in Nineteenth-Century New England
.
Amherst
:
University of Massachusetts Press
,
2000
.
Blewett
,
Mary H.
Men, Women, and Work: Class, Gender, and Protest in the New England Shoe Industry, 1790–1910
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1990
.
Boris
,
Eileen
, and
Daniels
Cynthia R.
.
Homework: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Paid Labor at Home
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1989
.
Boston
,
Ray
.
British Chartists in America
.
Manchester, England
:
Manchester University Press
,
1971
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste
. Trans.
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1984
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
Outline of a Theory of Practice
. Trans.
Nice
Richard
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1977
.
Boydston
,
Jeanne
.
Home and Work: Housework, Wages, and the Ideology of Labor in the Early Republic
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1990
.
Boyer
,
Paul
.
Urban Masses and Moral Order in America, 1820–1920
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1978
.
Brace
,
Charles Loring
.
The Dangerous Classes of New York, and Twenty Years’ Work among Them
.
New York
:
Wynkoop and Hallenbeck
,
1872
.
Bradbury
,
Osgood
.
Emily, the Beautiful Seamstress; or the Danger of the First Step
.
Boston
:
G. H. Williams
,
1853
.
Bradbury
,
Osgood
.
The Mysteries of Lowell
.
Boston
:
E. P. Williams
,
1844
.
Brisbane
,
Albert
. “
On Association and Attractive Industry
.”
United States Magazine and Democratic Review
10
(
1842
):
560
80
.
Brodhead
,
Richard H.
Cultures of Letters: Scenes of Reading and Writing in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1993
.
Bromell
,
Nicholas K.
By the Sweat of the Brow: Literature and Labor in Antebellum America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1993
.
Bronstein
,
Jamie L.
Land Reform and Working-Class Experience in Britain and the United States
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1999
.
Brooks
,
Daphne
.
Bodies in Dissent: Spectacular Performances of Race and Freedom, 1850–1910
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Brooks
,
Peter
.
The Melodramatic Imagination: Balzac, Henry James, Melodrama, and the Mode of Excess
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1995
.
Brooks
,
Peter
.
Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1985
.
Brown
,
Thomas Allston
.
History of the New York Stage: From the First Performance in 1732 to 1901
.
New York
:
Dodd, Mead
,
1903
.
Brownson
,
Orestes
.
Defense of the Article on the Laboring Classes
.
Boston
:
William H. Greene
,
1840
.
Brownson
,
Orestes
.
The Laboring Classes
.
New York
:
Elton’s
,
1840
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
.
The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1989
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
. “
The Flaneur, the Sandwichman, and the Whore: The Politics of Loitering
.”
New German Critique
39
(
1986
):
99
140
.
Buckley
,
Peter George
. “
To the Opera House: Culture and Society in New York City, 1820–1860
.”
PhD dissertation
,
SUNY Stony Brook
,
1984
.
Burdett
,
Charles
.
Chances and Changes; or Life as It Is. Illustrated in the History of a Straw Hat
.
New York
:
Appleton
,
1845
.
Burdett
,
Charles
.
The Elliott Family; or, the Trials of New-York Seamstresses
.
New York
:
Baker and Scribner
,
1850
.
Burn
,
James
.
Three Years among the Working-Classes in the United States during the War
.
London
:
Smith, Elder
,
1865
.
Burnett
,
John
,
Mayall
David
, and
Vincent
David
.
The Autobiography of the Working Class: An Annotated, Critical Bibliography
. Vol.
1
.
Brighton, England
:
Harvester
,
1984
.
Burnett
,
John
,
Mayall
David
, and
Vincent
David
.
The Autobiography of the Working Class: An Annotated, Critical Bibliography
. Vol.
2
.
Brighton, England
:
Harvester
,
1987
.
Burnett
,
John
,
Mayall
David
, and
Vincent
David
.
The Autobiography of the Working Class: An Annotated, Critical Bibliography
. Vol.
3
.
Brighton, England
:
Harvester
,
1989
.
Cameron
,
Ardis
.
Radicals of the Worst Sort: Laboring Women in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1860–1912
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
Cane
,
Aleta Feinsod
, and
Alves
Susan
, eds.
“The Only Efficient Instrument”:” American Woman Writers and the Periodical, 1837–1916
.
Iowa City
:
University of Iowa Press
,
2001
.
Capetillo
,
Luisa
.
A Nation of Women: An Early Feminist Speaks Out
. Ed.
Rodríguez
Félix V. Matos
. Trans.
West-Durán
Alan
.
Houston
:
Arte Publico
,
2004
.
Carey
,
Matthew
.
Miscellaneous Essays
.
Philadelphia
,
1830
.
Castañeda
,
Antonia
. “
The Political Economy of Nineteenth Century Stereotypes of Californianas
.” In
Between Borders: Essays on Mexicana/Chicana History
, ed.
Del Castillo
A. R.
.
Encino, Calif.
:
Floricanto Press
,
1990
.
213
36
.
Castronovo
,
Russ
.
Fathering the Nation: American Genealogies of Slavery and Freedom
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Chávez-García
,
Miroslava
.
Negotiating Conquest: Gender and Power in California, 1770s to 1880s
.
Tucson
:
University of Arizona Press
,
2004
.
Clark
,
Anna
.
The Struggle for the Breeches: Gender and the Making of the British Working Class
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Claybaugh
,
Amanda
.
The Novel of Purpose: Literature and Social Reform in the Anglo-American World
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2007
.
Cobble
,
Dorothy Sue
.
The Other Women’s Movement: Workplace Justice and Social Rights in Modern America
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2005
.
Cody
,
Lisa
. “
The Politics of Illegitimacy in an Age of Reform: Women, Reproduction, and Political Economy in England’s New Poor Law of 1834
.”
Journal of Women’s History
11
.
4
(
2000
):
131
56
.
Coffin
,
Judith G.
The Politics of Women’s Work: The Paris Garment Trades, 1750–1915
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1996
.
Cohen
,
Patricia Cline
.
The Murder of Helen Jewett
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1998
.
Cohen
,
Patricia Cline
,
Gilfoyle
Timothy J.
, and
Horowitz
Helen Lefkowitz
, eds.
The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2008
.
Collins
,
Jennie
.
Nature’s Aristocracy: A Plea for the Oppressed
. Ed.
Ranta
Judith
.
Lincoln
:
University of Nebraska Press
,
2010
.
Cook
,
Sylvia Jenkins
.
Working Women, Literary Ladies: The Industrial Revolution and Female Aspiration
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2008
.
Cott
,
Nancy
. “
Divorce and the Changing Status of Women in Eighteenth Century Massachusetts
.”
William and Mary Quarterly
, 3rd series,
33
(
1976
):
586
614
.
Crane
,
Stephen
.
Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, and Other Tales of New York
. Ed.
Ziff
Larzer
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
2000
.
Cvetkovich
,
Ann
.
Mixed Feelings: Feminism, Mass Culture, and Victorian Sensationalism
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1992
.
Dana
,
Richard Henry
.
Two Years before the Mast
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1981
.
Davidoff
,
Leonore
.
Worlds Between: Historical Perspectives on Gender and Class
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
Davis
,
Mike
.
City of Quartz: Excavating the Future of Los Angeles
.
New York
:
Haymarket
,
1998
.
Defoe
,
Daniel
.
Moll Flanders
. Ed.
Mitchell
Juliet
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1987
.
Denning
,
Michael
. “
Beggars and Thieves: The Ideology of the Gang
.”
Literature and History
8
.
1
(
1982
):
41
55
.
Denning
,
Michael
.
Mechanic Accents: Dime Novels and Working-Class Culture in America
.
London
:
Verso
,
1987
.
Dickens
,
Charles
.
American Notes for General Circulation
.
Boston
:
Ticknor and Fields
,
1867
.
Dobson
,
Joanne
.
Introduction to The Hidden Hand
. Ed.
Dobson
Joanne
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1988
.
Dorsey
,
Bruce
.
Reforming Men and Women: Gender in the Antebellum City
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2006
.
Douglass
,
Frederick
.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave
. Ed.
Dworkin
Ira
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
2014
.
Doyle
,
Jennifer
.
Sex Objects: Art and the Dialectics of Desire
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2006
.
Dreiser
,
Theodore
.
Sister Carrie
.
Introduction by Alfred Kazin
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1981
.
Dublin
,
Thomas
, ed.
Farm to Factory: Women’s Letters, 1830–1860
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1993
.
Dublin
,
Thomas
.
Women at Work: The Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826–1860
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1979
.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B.
The Philadelphia Negro
.
Millwood, N.Y.
,
1899
.
Dudden
,
Faye E.
Serving Women: Household Service in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Middletown, Conn.
:
Wesleyan University Press
,
1983
.
Duffy
,
Daniel
. “
Heroic Mothers and Militant Lovers: Representations of Lower-Class Women in Melodramas of the 1830s and 40s
.”
Nineteenth Century Theatre
27
(
1999
):
41
65
.
Dugaw
,
Dianne
.
Warrior Women and Popular Balladry, 1650–1850
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1989
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
.
The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
2003
.
Dzwonkoski
,
Peter
.
American Literary Publishing Houses, 1638–1899
. Parts
1 and 2
.
Detroit
:
Gale Research
,
1986
.
Eagleton
,
Terry
.
The Rape of Clarissa
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1982
.
Eakin
,
Paul John
, ed.
American Autobiography: Retrospect and Prospect
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1991
.
Edelstein
,
T. J.
They Sang ‘The Song of the Shirt’: The Visual Iconology of the Seamstress
.”
Victorian Studies
23
.
2
(
1980
):
183
210
.
Egan
,
Ken Jr
.
The Riven Home: Narrative Rivalry in the American Renaissance
.
Cranbury, N.J.
:
Associated University Presses
,
1997
.
Ehrenreich
,
Barbara
.
The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment
.
New York
:
Knopf
,
2011
.
Eisler
,
Benita
, ed.
The Lowell Offering: Writings by New England Mill Women, 1840–1845
.
Philadelphia
:
Lippincott
,
1977
.
Ellen Merton, the Belle of Lowell: Or, the Confessions of the “G.F.K.” Club
.
Boston
:
Brainard
,
1844
.
Ellis
,
Jacqueline
.
Silent Witnesses: Representations of Working-Class Women in the United States
.
Bowling Green, Ohio
:
Popular Press
,
1998
.
Engels
,
Frederick
.
The Condition of the Working Class in England
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1958
.
Enstad
,
Nan
.
Ladies of Labor, Girls of Adventure: Working Women, Popular Culture, and Labor Politics at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1999
.
Epstein
,
James
.
Radical Expression: Political Language, Ritual, and Symbol in England, 1790–1850
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Ernest
,
John
. “
Economies of Identity: Harriet E. Wilson’s Our Nig
.”
PMLA
109
.
3
(
1994
):
424
38
.
Fabian
,
Ann
.
The Unvarnished Truth: Personal Narratives in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
The Factory Girl
.
By a Friend. Pamphlet. Providence, R.I.
,
1854
.
Fanuzzi
,
Robert
.
Abolition’s Public Sphere
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2003
.
Farnham
,
Eliza W.
California, In-Doors and Out
.
New York
,
1846
.
Federici
,
Silvia
.
Caliban and the Witch: Women, the Body, and Primitive Accumulation
.
Brooklyn
:
Autonomedia
,
2004
.
Fernandez
,
Jean
.
Victorian Servants, Class, and the Politics of Literacy
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2009
.
Flora Montgomerie, the Factory Girl: Tale of the Lowell Factories
.
New York
,
1856
.
Folbre
,
Nancy
.
Greed, Lust and Gender: A History of Economic Ideas
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
2009
.
Folbre
,
Nancy
. “
The Unproductive Housewife: Her Evolution in Nineteenth Century Economic Thought
.”
Signs
16
(
1991
):
463
84
.
Foley
,
Neil
.
The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1997
.
Foner
,
Philip S.
The Factory Girls
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1977
.
Foner
,
Philip S.
Women and the American Labor Movement: From the First Trade Unions to the Present
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1979
.
Foreman
,
P. Gabrielle
.
Introduction to Our Nig; Or, Sketches from the Life of a Free Black in a Two-Story White House, North, by Harriet E. Wilson
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
2011
.
Foreman
,
P. Gabrielle
. “
Recovered Autobiographies and the Marketplace: Our Nig’s Generic Genealogies and Harriet Wilson’s Entrepreneurial Enterprise
.” In
Harriet Wilson’s New England: Race, Writing, and Religion
, ed.
Boggis
JerriAnne
,
Raimon
Eva
, and
White
Barbara
.
Hanover, N.H.
:
University Press of New England
,
2007
.
123
38
.
Foster
,
George G.
New York by Gas-Light and Other Urban Sketches
. Ed. and introduction by
Blumin
Stuart M.
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1990
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
The History of Sexuality. Vol. 1: An Introduction
. Trans.
Hurley
Robert
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1980
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
Fortunes of Feminism: From State-Managed Capitalism to Neoliberal Crisis
.
London
:
Verso
,
2013
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocial” Condition
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
, and
Gordon
Linda
. “
Contract versus Charity: Why Is There No Social Citizenship in the United States?
Socialist Review
22
.
3
(
1992
):
45
65
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
, and
Gordon
Linda
. “
A Genealogy of ‘Dependency’: Tracing a Keyword of the U. S. Welfare State
.” In
Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocialist” Condition
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
121
49
.
Freedgood
,
Elaine
. “
What Objects Know
.”
Journal of Victorian Culture
15
.
1
(
2010
):
83
100
.
Freedman
,
Estelle
.
Their Sisters’ Keepers: Women’s Prison Reform in America, 1830–1930
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
1981
.
Fuller
,
Margaret
.
Woman in the Nineteenth Century
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1970
.
Gallagher
,
Catherine
.
The Industrial Reformation of English Fiction
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1985
.
Gamber
,
Wendy
.
The Female Economy: The Millinery and Dressmaking Trades, 1860–1930
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1997
.
Gilfoyle
,
Timothy J.
City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1992
.
Gilje
,
Paul
, and
Rock
Howard
, eds.
Keepers of the Revolution: New Yorkers at Work in the Early Republic
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1992
.
Gilmore
,
Michael T.
Hawthorne and the Making of the Middle Class
.” In
Rethinking Class: Literary Studies and Social Formations
, ed.
Dimock
Wai-Chee
and
Gilmore
Michael T.
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
215
38
.
Ginzberg
,
Lori D.
Women and the Work of Benevolence: Morality, Politics, and Class in the Nineteenth Century United States
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1990
.
Glickman
,
Lawrence B.
Buying Power: A History of Consumer Action in America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2009
.
Graver
,
Elizabeth
.
Unravelling
.
New York
:
Hyperion
,
1997
.
Gray
,
Robert
. “
The Languages of Factory Reform in Britain, 1830–60
.” In
The Historical Meanings of Work
, ed.
Joyce
Patrick
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1989
.
143
79
.
Green
,
Venus
.
Race on the Line: Gender, Labor, and Technology in the Bell System, 1880–1980
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Greenberg
,
Amy S.
Manifest Manhood and the Antebellum American Empire
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2005
.
Greenberg
,
Joshua
.
Advocating the Man: Masculinity, Organized Labor, and the Household in New York, 1800–1840
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2006
.
Greer
,
Jane
. “
‘Some of the Stories Are like My Life, I Guess’: Working-Class Women Readers and Confessional Magazines
.” In
Reading Sites: Social Differences and Reader Response
, ed.
Schweickart
Patrocinio
and
Flynn
Elizabeth
.
New York
:
MLA Press
,
2004
.
135
64
.
Grimsted
,
David
.
Melodrama Unveiled: American Theater and Culture, 1800–1850
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1988
.
Griswold del Castillo
,
Richard
.
The Los Angeles Barrio, 1850–1890: A Social History
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1982
.
Grossberg
,
Michael
.
Governing the Hearth: Law and the Family in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1985
.
Guarneri
,
Carl J.
The Utopian Alternative: Fourierism in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1991
.
Guerin
,
Elsa Jane
.
Mountain Charley; Or the Adventures of Mrs. E. J. Guerin, Who Was Thirteen Years in Male Attire
.
Dubuque, Iowa
,
1861
.
Gutiérrez-Jones
,
Carl Scott
.
Rethinking the Borderlands: Between Chicano Culture and Legal Discourse
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Gutman
,
Herbert G.
Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1976
.
Haag
,
Pamela
.
Consent: Sexual Rights and the Transformation of American Liberalism
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Haas
,
Lisbeth
.
Conquests and Historical Identities in California, 1769–1936
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Habegger
,
Alfred
. “
A Well Hidden Hand
.”
NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction
14
.
3
(
1981
):
197
212
.
Hale
,
Edward Everett
. “
American Literature
.” In
The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge
. Vol.
1
.
New York
:
Encyclopedia Americana
,
1918
.
528
36
.
Hall
,
Stuart
. “
Notes on Deconstructing ‘the Popular.’
” In
People’s History and Socialist Theory
, ed.
Samuel
Raphael
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1981
.
227
39
.
Halliday
,
Samuel B.
Lost and Found; or, Life among the Poor
.
New York
,
1860
.
Hamilton
,
Kristie
.
America’s Sketchbook: The Cultural History of a Nineteenth-Century Literary Genre
.
Athens
:
Ohio University Press
,
1998
.
Hansen
,
Miriam
.
Babel and Babylon
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Harris
,
Trudier
.
From Mammies to Militants: Domestics in Black American Literature
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1982
.
Hart
,
James D.
The Popular Book: A History of America’s Literary Taste
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1961
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
.
Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Harvey
,
David
.
Spaces of Hope
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2000
.
Hawthorne
,
Nathaniel
.
The House of the Seven Gables
. Ed.
Gross
Seymour L.
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1967
.
Hayden
,
Delores
.
Grand Domestic Revolution
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1982
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1996
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
Bandits
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1981
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
Industry and Empire: From 1750 to the Present Day
.
Harmondsworth, England
:
Penguin
,
1969
.
Hobson
,
Barbara
.
Uneasy Virtue: The Politics of Prostitution and the American Reform Tradition
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1987
.
Hodes
,
Martha
. “
The Mercurial Nature and Abiding Power of Race
.”
American Historical Review
108
.
1
(
2003
):
84
118
.
Hodes
,
Martha
.
The Sea Captain’s Wife: A True Story of Love, Race, and War in the Nineteenth Century
.
New York
:
Norton
,
2006
.
Hodes
,
Martha
.
White Women, Black Men: Illicit Sex in the Nineteenth Century South
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1997
.
Horton
,
James Oliver
.
Free People of Color: Inside the African American Community
.
Washington, D.C.
:
Smithsonian Press
,
1993
.
Hurtado
,
Albert L.
Intimate Frontiers: Sex, Gender, and Culture in Old California
.
Albuquerque
:
University of New Mexico Press
,
1999
.
Huyssen
,
Andreas
. “
Mass Culture as Woman: Modernism’s Other
.” In
Studies in Entertainment: Critical Approaches to Mass Culture
, ed.
Modleski
Tania
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1986
.
188
208
.
Ingraham
,
Joseph Holt
.
Frank Rivers, or, the Dangers of the Town
.
Boston
:
E. P. Williams
,
1843
.
Isenberg
,
Nancy
.
Sex and Citizenship in Antebellum America
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1999
.
The Jacksonians on the Poor: Collected Pamphlets
.
New York
:
Arno Press
,
1971
.
Jacobs
,
Harriet
.
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Written by Herself
.
Introduction by Jean Fagan Yellin
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1987
.
Jameson
,
Fredric
.
The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1981
.
Jameson
,
Fredric
. “
Reification and Utopia in Mass Culture
.”
Social Text
1
(
1979
):
130
48
.
Johnson
,
Paul
.
A Shopkeeper’s Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815–1837
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1978
.
Johnson
,
Susan Lee
.
Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush
.
New York
:
Norton
,
2001
.
Jones
,
Gareth Stedman
.
Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1832–1982
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1996
.
Jones
,
Jacqueline
.
Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family, from Slavery to the Present
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1995
.
Jordanova
,
Ludmilla
.
Images of Gender in Science and Medicine between the Eighteenth and Twentieth Centuries
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1989
.
Kaplan
,
Cora
. “
Pandora’s Box: Subjectivity, Class and Sexuality in Socialist Feminist Criticism
.” In
Sea Changes: Essays in Culture and Feminism
.
London
:
Verso
,
1986
.
147
76
.
Kasson
,
John F.
Civilizing the Machine: Technology and Republican Values in America, 1776–1900
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1977
.
Katz
,
Jonathan
.
Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
,
1976
.
Katzman
,
David M.
Seven Days a Week: Women and Domestic Service in Industrializing America
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1981
.
Kelley
,
Mary
.
Learning to Stand and Speak: Women, Education, and Public Life in America’s Republic
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Kelley
,
Robin D. G.
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1994
.
Kent
,
Kathryn R.
Making Girls into Women: American Women’s Writing and the Rise of Lesbian Identity
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Kessler-Harris
Alice
. “
The Just Price, the Free Market, and the Value of Women
.” In
Women, Class, and the Feminist Imagination: A Socialist-Feminist Reader
, ed.
Hansen
Karen V.
and
Philipson
Ilene J.
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1990
.
476
90
.
Kessler-Harris
Alice
.
Out to Work: A History of Wage Earning in the United States
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1982
.
Kessler-Harris
Alice
.
A Woman’s Wage: Historical Meanings and Social Consequences
.
Lexington
:
University of Kentucky Press
,
1990
.
Kester
,
Grant
. “
‘Out of Sight Is Out of Mind’: The Imaginary Space of Postindustrial Culture
.”
Social Text
35
(
1993
):
72
92
.
Laclau
,
Ernesto
, and
Mouffe
Chantal
.
Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics
.
New York
:
Verso
,
1990
.
Langbauer
,
Laurie
.
Novels of Everyday Life: The Series in English Fiction, 1850–1930
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Langland
,
Elizabeth
.
Nobody’s Angels: Middle-Class Women and Domestic Ideology in Victorian Culture
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1995
.
Larcom
,
Lucy
.
A New England Girlhood
.
New York
:
Houghton Mifflin
,
1889
.
Laurie
,
Bruce
.
Working People of Philadelphia, 1800–1850
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1980
.
Lawson
,
Andrew
.
Walt Whitman and the Class Struggle
.
Iowa City
:
University of Iowa Press
,
2006
.
Lebergott
,
Stanley
.
The Americans: An Economic Record
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1984
.
Lehuu
,
Isabelle
.
Carnival on the Page: Popular Print Media in Antebellum America
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2000
.
Le Sueur
,
Meridel
.
The Girl
.
Introduction by Linda Ray Pratt
.
Albuquerque, N.M.
:
West End Press
,
2006
.
Le Sueur
,
Meridel
. “
Women on the Breadlines
.” In
Harvest Song: Collected Essays and Stories
.
Albuquerque, N.M.
:
West End Press
,
1990
.
166
71
.
Leverenz
,
David
.
Paternalism Incorporated: Fables of American Fatherhood
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2004
.
Levine
,
Lawrence W.
Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America
.
New York
:
Harvard University Press
,
1988
.
Levy
,
Anita
.
Other Women: The Writing of Class, Race, and Gender, 1832–1898
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1991
.
Lhamon
,
W. T.
Raising Cain: Blackface Performance from Jim Crow to Hip Hop
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1998
.
Libbey
,
Laura Jean
.
Willful Gaynell, or, The Little Beauty of the Passaic Cotton Mills
.
New York
:
N. L. Munro
,
1890
.
Libretti
,
Tim
. “
What a Dirty Way to Get Clean: The Grotesque in the Modern American Novel
.” In
Literature and the Grotesque
, ed.
Meyer
Michael J.
.
Atlanta, Ga.
:
Rodopi
,
1995
.
171
90
.
Limón
,
José E.
American Encounters: Greater Mexico, the United States, and the Erotics of Culture
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
1999
.
Linebaugh
,
Peter
.
The London Hanged: Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century
.
London
:
Verso
,
2003
.
Lobdell
,
Lucy Ann
.
The Female Hunter of Delaware and Sullivan Counties, N.Y
.
New York
,
1855
.
Looby
,
Christopher
. “
Southworth and Seriality: The Hidden Hand in the New York Ledger
.”
Nineteenth Century Literature
59
(
2004
):
179
211
.
Lott
,
Eric
.
Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Lown
,
Judy
.
Women and Industrialization: Gender at Work in Nineteenth-Century England
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1990
.
Luther
,
Seth
.
Address to the Working-Men of New England on the State of Education and on the Condition of the Producing Classes in Europe and America
.
New York
,
1833
.
Lyons
,
Clare
.
Sex among the Rabble: An Intimate History of Gender and Power in the Age of Revolution. Philadelphia, 1730–1830
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Mansel
,
Henry
. “
Sensation Novels
.”
Quarterly Review
113
(
1863
):
481
514
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Capital
. Vol.
1
. Trans.
Fowkes
Ben
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1977
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
. Ed.
Struik
D. J.
.
New York
:
International
,
1964
.
Mary Bean: The Factory Girl
.
Boston
:
Hotchkiss
,
1850
.
McClintock
,
Anne M.
Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
McConachie
,
Bruce A.
Melodramatic Formations: American Theater and Society, 1820–1870
.
Iowa City
:
University of Iowa Press
,
1992
.
McGill
,
Meredith L.
American Literature and the Culture of Reprinting, 1837–1853
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
2003
.
Meisel
,
Martin
.
Realizations: Narrative, Pictorial, and Theatrical Arts in Nineteenth-Century England
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1983
.
Melendez
,
A. Gabriel
.
Spanish-Language Newspapers in New Mexico, 1834–1958
.
Tucson
:
University of Arizona Press
,
2005
.
Melville
,
Herman
. “
The Paradise of Bachelors and the Tartarus of Maids
.” In
The Piazza Tales and Other Prose Pieces, 1839–1860
.
Chicago
:
Northwestern University Press
,
1987
.
316
35
.
Merish
,
Lori
. “
Materializing Identification: Theorizing Class Identification in Nineteenth-Century Literary Texts
.” In
Class and the Making of American Literature: Created Unequal
, ed.
Lawson
Andrew
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2014
.
94
112
.
Merish
,
Lori
.
Sentimental Materialism: Gender, Commodity Culture, and Nineteenth Century American Literature
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Merish
,
Lori
. “
Story Paper Weeklies, 1830–1920
.” In
U.S. Popular Print Culture, 1860–1920
, ed.
Bold
Christine
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2012
.
43
62
.
Michaels
,
Walter Benn
.
The Gold Standard and the Logic of Naturalism: American Literature at the Turn of the Century
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1987
.
Miles
,
Henry A.
Lowell: As It Was, and As It Is
.
Lowell, Mass.
,
1845
.
Miller
,
Nancy K.
Emphasis Added: Plots and Plausibilities in Women’s Fiction
.”
PMLA
96
.
1
(
1981
):
36
48
.
Mitchell
,
Sally
.
The Fallen Angel: Chastity, Class, and Women’s Reading, 1835–1880
.
Bowling Green
:
Bowling Green University Press
,
1981
.
Mitchell
,
Sally
. “
Reading Class
.”
Victorian Literature and Culture
33
.
1
(
2005
):
331
39
.
Montejano
,
David
.
Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
2010
.
Montgomery
,
David
.
Citizen Worker
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Montgomery
,
David
. “
Wage Labor, Bondage, and Citizenship in Nineteenth-Century America
.”
International Labor and Working-Class History
48
(
1995
):
6
27
.
Moran
,
William
.
The Belles of New England: The Women of the Textile Mills and the Families Whose Wealth They Wove
.
New York
:
Macmillan
,
2007
.
Moretti
,
Franco
.
Signs Taken for Wonders
. Trans.
Fischer
Susan
et al. 
.
New York
:
Verso
,
1997
.
Mort
,
Frank
.
Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-Moral Politics in England since 1830
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1987
.
Mullen
,
Harryette
. “
Runaway Tongue: Resistant Orality in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Our Nig, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, and Beloved
.” In
The Culture of Sentiment: Race, Gender and Sentimentality in Nineteenth Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1992
.
244
64
.
Murphy
,
Teresa Anne
. “
Sarah Bagley: Laboring for Life
.” In
The Human Tradition in American Labor History
, ed.
Arnesan
Eric
.
Wilmington, Del.
:
Scholarly Resources
,
2004
.
31
45
.
Murphy
,
Teresa Anne
.
Ten Hours’ Labor: Religion, Reform, and Gender in Early New England
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1992
.
Murray
Aífe
.
Maid as Muse: How Servants Changed Emily Dickinson’s Life and Language
.
Durham
:
University of New Hampshire Press
,
2010
.
Naranjo-Huebl
Linda
. “
The Road to Perdition: E. D. E. N. Southworth and the Critics
.”
American Periodicals
16
.
2
(
2006
):
123
50
.
Nathans
,
Heather S.
‘A Course of Learning and Ingenious Studies
.’” In
Shakespearean Educations: Power, Citizenship, and Performance
, ed.
Kahn
Coppélia
,
Nathans
Heather S.
, and
Godfrey
Mimi
.
Newark
:
University of Delaware Press
,
2011
.
54
70
.
Nead
,
Lynda
.
Myths of Sexuality: Representations of Women in Victorian Britain
.
London
:
Blackwell
,
1988
.
Negt
,
Oskar
, and
Kluge
Alexander
.
Public Sphere and Experience: Analysis of the Bourgeois and Proletarian Public Sphere
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1993
.
Newberry
,
Michael
.
Figuring Authorship in Antebellum America
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1997
.
Newman
,
Simon
.
Embodied History: The Lives of the Poor in Early Philadelphia
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
2000
.
Noel
,
Mary
.
Villains Galore: The Heyday of the Popular Story Weekly
.
New York
:
Macmillan
,
1954
.
Orleck
,
Annelise
.
Common Sense and a Little Fire: Women and Working-Class Politics in the United States, 1900–1965
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2000
.
O’Sullivan
,
John L.
Occupation of Mexico
.”
Democratic Review
21
(
1847
):
381
90
.
Padilla
,
Genaro
.
My History, Not Yours: The Formation of Mexican American Autobiography
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1993
.
Painter
,
Nell Irvin
.
Introduction to Narrative of Sojourner Truth by Sojourner Truth
. Ed.
Painter
Nell Irvin
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1998
.
Parton
,
Sara [Fanny Fern]
.
Ruth Hall and Other Stories
. Ed.
Warren
Joyce W.
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1990
.
Peiss
,
Kathy
.
Cheap Amusements: Working Women and Leisure in Turn-of-the-Century New York
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1986
.
Pérez
,
Emma
.
The Decolonial Imaginary: Writing Chicanas into History
.
Urbana
:
Indiana University Press
,
1999
.
Pérez
,
Emma
. “
‘She Has Served Others in More Intimate Ways’: The Domestic Service Reform in Yucatan, 1915–1918
.”
Las Obreras: Chicana Politics of Work and Family
.
Los Angeles
:
UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Publications
,
2000
.
41
64
.
Perry
,
Claire
.
Pacific Arcadia: Images of California, 1600–1915
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Pessen
,
Edward
.
Most Uncommon Jacksonians: Radical Leaders of the Early Labor Movement
.
Albany
:
SUNY Press
,
1967
.
Pfister
,
Joel
.
The Production of Personal Life: Class, Gender, and the Psychological in Hawthorne’s Fiction
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1991
.
Phelps
,
Elizabeth Stuart
.
The Silent Partner and the Tenth of January
.
New York
:
Feminist Press
,
1983
.
Pierson
,
Michael D.
Free Hearts and Free Homes: Gender and American Antislavery Politics
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2003
.
Pitti
,
Stephen J.
The Devil in Silicon Valley: Northern California, Race, and Mexican Americans
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2003
.
Poovey
,
Mary
. “
Ideology and The Mysteries of Udolpho
.”
Criticism
21
:
4
(
1979
):
307
30
.
Poovey
,
Mary
.
Making a Social Body: British Cultural Formation, 1830–1864
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1995
.
Poovey
,
Mary
.
Uneven Developments: The Ideological Work of Gender in Mid-Victorian England
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1988
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
Proletarian Nights: The Workers’ Dream in Nineteenth Century France
. Trans.
Drury
John
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2012
.
Ranta
,
Judith A.
Women and Children of the Mills: An Annotated Guide to Nineteenth-Century American Textile Factory Literature
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood
,
1999
.
Rebhorn
,
Matthew
.
Pioneer Performances: Staging the Frontier
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2012
.
Reed
,
Peter P.
Rogue Performances: Staging the Underclasses in Early American Theatre Culture
.
London
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2009
.
Reyes
,
Bárbara O.
Private Women, Public Lives: Gender and the Missions of the Californias
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
2009
.
Reynolds
,
David S.
Beneath the American Renaissance: The Subversive Imagination in the Age of Emerson and Melville
.
New York
:
Knopf
,
1988
.
Richmond
,
Vivienne
.
Clothing the Poor in Nineteenth Century England
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2013
.
Roach
,
Joseph
.
Cities of the Dead: Circum-Atlantic Performance
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1996
.
Roach
,
Joseph
. “
Slave Spectacles and Tragic Octoroons: A Cultural Genealogy of Antebellum Performance
.”
Theatre Survey
33
(
1992
):
167
87
.
Robbins
,
Bruce
.
Feeling Global: Internationalism in Distress
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
1999
.
Robbins
,
Bruce
.
The Servant’s Hand: English Fiction from Below
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1986
.
Robbins
,
Bruce
.
Upward Mobility and the Common Good: Toward a Literary History of the Welfare State
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2007
.
Robbins
,
Sarah
.
Managing Literacy, Mothering America: Women’s Narratives on Reading and Writing in the Nineteenth Century
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
2004
.
Robinson
,
Alfred
.
Life in California: During a Residence of Several Years in That Territory
.
New York
:
Putnam
,
1846
.
Robinson
,
Harriet H.
Loom and Spindle; Or, Life among the Early Mill Girls
.
Boston
,
1898
.
Roediger
,
David R.
Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class
.
London
:
Verso
,
1991
.
Rogers
,
Helen
.
Women and the People: Authority, Authorship and the Radical Tradition in Nineteenth-Century England
.
Brookfield, Vt.
:
Ashgate
,
2000
.
Romero
,
Mary
.
Maid in the USA
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Romolov
,
Nancy Tillman
. “
Unearthing the Historical Reader, or; Reading Girls’ Reading
.” In
Pioneers, Passionate Ladies, and Private Eyes: Dime Novels, Series Books, and Paperbacks
, ed.
Sullivan
Larry E.
and
Schurman
Lydia Cushman
.
New York
:
Haworth Press
,
1996
.
87
102
.
Roof
,
Judith
.
Come as You Are: Sexuality and Narrative
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1996
.
Rose
,
Jonathan
.
The Intellectual Life of the British Working Class
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
2003
.
Rose
,
Sonya O.
Class Formation and the Quintessential Worker
.” In
Reworking Class
, ed.
Hall
John
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1997
.
133
66
.
Ross
,
Dorothy
.
Love and Toil: Motherhood in Outcast London, 1870–1918
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Rowe
,
Kathleen
.
The Unruly Woman: Gender and the Genres of Laughter
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1995
.
Ruiz de Burton
,
María Amparo
.
The Squatter and the Don
. Ed. and introduction by
Sánchez
Rosaura
and
Pita
Beatrice
.
Houston
:
Arte Público
,
1997
.
Ruiz de Burton
,
María Amparo
.
Who Would Have Thought It?
Ed. and introduction by
Sánchez
Rosaura
and
Pita
Beatrice
.
Houston
:
Arte Público
,
1995
.
Russo
,
Ann
, and
Kramarae
Cheris
, eds.
The Radical Women’s Press of the 1850s
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Ryan
,
Mary P.
Cradle of the Middle Class: The Family in Oneida County, New York, 1790–1830
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1981
.
Ryan
,
Mary P.
Women in Public: Between Banners and Ballots, 1825–1880
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1990
.
Sánchez
,
Rosaura
.
Telling Identities: The Californio Testimonios
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1995
.
Sánchez
,
Rosaura
, and
Pita
Beatrice
.
Conflicts of Interest: The Letters of María Amparo Ruiz de Burton
.
Houston
:
Arte Público
,
2001
.
Sánchez-Eppler
,
Karen
.
Touching Liberty: Abolition, Feminism, and the Politics of the Body
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1993
.
Sanger
,
William
.
History of Prostitution
.
New York
,
1858
.
Santamarina
,
Xiomara
.
Belabored Professions: Narratives of African American Working Womanhood
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Schiller
,
Dan
.
Objectivity and the News: The Public and the Rise of Commercial Journalism
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1981
.
Schreiner
,
Olive
.
From Man to Man, or, Perhaps Only
.
London
:
Virago
,
1982
.
Scott
,
Joan
.
Gender and the Politics of History
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1987
.
Sears
,
C.
All That Glitters: Trans-ing California’s Gold Rush Migrations
.”
GLQ
14
(
2008
):
383
402
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1985
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Epistemology of the Closet
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1990
.
SenGupta
,
Gunja
.
From Slavery to Poverty: The Racial Origins of Welfare in New York, 1840–1918
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Sennett
,
Richard
, and
Cobb
Jonathan
.
The Hidden Injuries of Class
.
New York
:
Knopf
,
1972
.
Shank
,
Barry
.
A Token of My Affections
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2004
.
Shirley
Dame [Mrs. Louise A. K. S. Clappe]
.
The Shirley Letters from California Mines in 1851–52
.
San Francisco
:
Thomas C. Russell
,
1922
.
Siegel
,
Adrienne
.
The Image of the American City in Popular Literature, 1820–1870
.
Port Washington, N.Y.
:
Kennikat Press
,
1981
.
Siegel
,
Reva
. “
Home as Work: The First Women’s Rights Claims Concerning Wives’ Household Labor, 1850–1880
.”
Yale Law Journal
103
(
March
):
1073
1217
.
Singer
,
Ben
.
Melodrama and Modernity: Early Sensational Cinema and Its Contexts
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2001
.
Skidmore
,
Thomas
.
The Rights of Man to Property!
New York
,
1829
.
Slotkin
,
Richard
.
The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier in the Age of Industrialization, 1800–1890
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
,
1998
.
Smith
,
Adam
.
Lectures on Jurisprudence
. Ed.
Meek
R. L.
,
Raphael
D. D.
, and
Stein
P. G.
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1978
.
Smith
,
Barbara Clark
. “
Food Rioters and the American Revolution
.”
William and Mary Quarterly
,
3d Series
,
51
.
1
(
1994
):
3
38
.
Smith
,
Charles
.
Madame Restell: An Account of her Life and Horrible Practices: Together with Prostitution in New-York: Its Extent, Causes, and Effects upon Society
.
New York
:
Charles V. Smith
,
1847
.
Smith
,
Henry Nash
.
Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1950
.
Smith
,
Sidonie
.
A Poetics of Women’s Autobiography: Marginality and the Fictions of Self-Representation
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1987
.
Smith
,
Stacey L.
Freedom’s Frontier: California and the Struggle over Unfree Labor, Emancipation and Reconstruction
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2013
.
Sommer
,
Doris
.
Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1991
.
Southworth
,
E. D. E. N.
The Hidden Hand
. Ed.
Dobson
Joanne
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1988
.
Southworth
,
E. D. E. N.
Vivia; Or, the Secret of Power
.
New York
:
T. B. Peterson & Brothers
,
1875
.
Spillers
,
Hortense
. “
Mama’s Baby, Papa’s Maybe: An American Grammar Book
.”
diacritics
17
(
1987
):
65
81
.
Stallybrass
,
Peter
, and
White
Allon
.
The Politics and Poetics of Transgression
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1986
.
Stanley
,
Amy Dru
.
From Bondage to Contract: Wage Labor, Marriage, and the Market in the Age of Slave Emancipation
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1998
.
Stanley
,
Liz
, ed.
The Diaries of Hannah Cullwick, Victorian Maidservant
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1984
.
Stansell
,
Christine
.
City of Women: Sex and Class in New York, 1789–1860
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1986
.
Steedman
,
Carolyn
.
Labours Lost: Domestic Service and the Making of Modern England
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2009
.
Steedman
,
Carolyn
.
Landscape for a Good Woman: A Story of Two Lives
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1987
.
Stern
,
Julia
. “
Excavating Genre in Our Nig
.”
American Literature
67
(
1995
):
439
66
.
Stewart
,
Maria W.
Maria W. Stewart, America’s First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches
. Ed.
Richardson
Marilyn
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1987
.
Streeby
,
Shelley
.
American Sensations: Class, Empire, and the Production of Popular Culture
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
Sumner
,
Helen L.
History of Women in Industry in the United States
.
New York
:
Arno Press
,
1974
.
Sweet
,
Timothy
. “
American Pastoralism and the Marketplace: Eighteenth Century Ideologies of Farming
.”
Early American Literature
29
.
1
(
1994
):
59
80
.
Taylor
,
Barbara
.
Eve and the New Jerusalem: Socialism and Feminism in the Nineteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Taylor
,
Diana
.
The Archive and the Repertoire: Performing Cultural Memory in the Americas
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Taylor
,
William R.
Cavalier and Yankee: The Old South and American National Character
.
New York
:
George Braziller
,
1961
.
Tebbel
,
John
.
Between Covers: The Rise and Transformation of Book Publishing in America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Thiong’o
,
Ngũgĩ wa
. “
Oral Power and Europhone Glory: Orature, Literature, and Stolen Legacies
.” In
Penpoints, Gunpoints and Dreams
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1998
.
103
28
.
Thompson
,
E. P.
The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century
.”
Past and Present
50
(
1971
):
76
136
.
Thompson
,
E. P.
Patrician Society, Plebian Culture
.”
Journal of Social History
7
.
4
(
1974
):
382
405
.
Thompson
,
E. P.
The Poverty of Theory and Other Essays
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1978
.
Thomsen
,
Dawn Fisk
. “
‘It Is a Pity It Is No Better’: The Story Paper and Its Critics in Nineteenth-Century America
.” In
Scorned Literature: Essays on the History and Criticism of Popular Mass-Produced Fiction in America
, ed.
Schurman
Lydia Cushman
and
Johnson
Deidre
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood
,
2002
.
83
96
.
Tomlins
,
Christopher L.
Law, Labor, and Ideology in the Early American Republic
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Tomlins
,
Christopher L.
Subordination, Authority, Law: Subjects in Labor History
.”
International Labor and Working-Class History
47
(
1995
):
56
90
.
Tonna
,
Charlotte Elizabeth
.
Helen Fleetwood. Vol. 1 of The Works of Charlotte Elizabeth
.
New York
,
1847
.
Torres
,
Lourdes
. “
Violence, Desire, and Transformative Remembering in Emma Pérez’ Gulf Dreams
.” In
Tortilleras: Hispanic and U. S. Latina Lesbian Expression
, ed.
Torres
Lourdes
and
Pertusa
Inmaculada
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2003
.
228
39
.
Trattner
,
Walter I.
From Poor Law to Welfare State: A History of Social Welfare in America
.
6th
edition.
New York
:
Free Press
,
2007
.
Trollope
,
Frances
.
The Adventures of Michael Armstrong, the Factory Boy
.
1840
.
London
,
1888
.
Truth
,
Sojourner
.
Narrative of Sojourner Truth
. Ed.
Painter
Nell Irvin
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1998
.
Tyler
,
M. [artha] W.
A Book without a Title: Or, Thrilling Events in the Life of Mira Dana
.
Boston
,
1855
.
Vapnek
,
Lara
.
Breadwinners: Working Women and Economic Independence, 1856–1920
.
Champaign
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2009
.
Vicinus
,
Martha
. “
‘Helpless and Unbefriended’: Nineteenth-Century Domestic Melodrama
.”
New Literary History
13
(
1971
):
127
43
.
Vicinus
,
Martha
.
The Industrial Muse: A Study of Nineteenth-Century British Working-Class Literature
.
New York
:
Barnes and Noble
,
1974
.
Vincent
,
David
.
Bread, Knowledge and Freedom: A Study of Nineteenth Century Working Class Autobiography
.
London
:
Europa
,
1981
.
Volosinov
,
V. N.
Marxism and the Philosophy of Language
. Trans.
Matejka
Ladislav
and
Titunik
I. R.
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1986
.
Ware
,
Norman J.
The Industrial Worker, 1840–1860: The Reaction of American Industrial Society to the Advance of the Industrial Revolution
.
Gloucester, Mass.
:
Peter Smith
,
1959
.
Warner
,
Michael
. “
The Mass Public and the Mass Subject
.” In
Habermas and the Public Sphere
, ed.
Calhoun
Craig
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1992
.
377
401
.
Washington
,
Margaret
.
Sojourner Truth’s America
.
Champaign
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2009
.
Weber
,
David J.
Myth and the History of the Hispanic Southwest
.
Albuquerque
:
University of New Mexico Press
,
1988
.
Weld
,
Theodore D.
, ed.
American Slavery as It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses
.
New York
,
1839
.
White
,
Shane
.
Stories of Freedom in Black New York
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2002
.
Wilentz
,
Sean
.
Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1788–1860
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1984
.
Williams
,
Andrea
.
Dividing Lines: Class Anxiety and Postbellum Black Fiction
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
2013
.
Williams
,
Linda
.
Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2001
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
The Country and the City
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1973
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society
.
Revised edition
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1985
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
Marxism and Literature
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1977
.
Wilson
,
Harriet E.
Our Nig; Or, Sketches in the Life of a Free Black
.
Introduction by Henry Louis Gates, Jr
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1983
.
Yeazell
,
Ruth Bernard
.
Fictions of Modesty: Women and Courtship in the English Novel
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Zakim
,
Michael
.
Ready-Made Democracy: A History of Men’s Dress in the American Republic, 1760–1860
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2003
.
Zboray
,
Ronald
.
A Fictive People: Antebellum Economic Development and the American Reading Public
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Zboray
,
Ronald
, and
Zboray
Mary Saracino
.
Voices without Votes: Women and Politics in Antebellum New England
.
Lebanon, N.H.
:
University Press of New England
,
2010
.
Zlotnick
,
Susan
.
Women, Writing, and the Industrial Revolution
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1998
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Works Cited

Works Cited
Newspapers and Periodicals

Advocate of Moral Reform

El Clamor Público

Factory Girl’s Album, and Operatives’ Advocate

The Factory Girl’s Album, and Mechanics Offering

Flag of Our Union

Lowell Offering

The Lily: A Monthly Journal, Devoted to Temperance and Literature

The Una: A Paper Devoted to the Elevation of Women

Voice of Industry

Archives and Collections

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts

American Textile History Museum, Lowell, Massachusetts

Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley

Center for Lowell History, University of Massachusetts at Lowell

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

New York Public Library

Philadelphia Library Company

Primary and Secondary Sources
Acker
,
Joan
. “
Class, Gender, and Relations of Distribution
.”
Signs
13
.
3
(
1988
):
473
97
.
Acker
,
Joan
.
Class Questions: Feminist Answers
.
New York
:
Rowman and Littlefield
,
2006
.
Almaguer
,
Tomás
.
Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1994
.
Amireh
,
Amal
.
The Factory Girl and the Seamstress: Imagining Gender and Class in Nineteenth Century American Fiction
.
New York
:
Garland
,
2000
.
Anderson
,
Amanda
.
Tainted Souls and Painted Faces: The Rhetoric of Fallenness in Victorian Culture
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1993
.
Anderson
,
Bonnie S.
Joyous Greetings: The First International Women’s Movement, 1830–1860
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Anderson
,
Perry
.
In the Tracks of Historical Materialism
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1984
.
Anna Archdale, Or, the Lowell Factory Girl and Other Tales
.
Boston
:
Gleason
,
c. 1850
.
Annual Report of the School Committee of the City of Boston
.
Boston
:
Rockwell and Churchill
,
1889
.
Argus
.
Norton: Or, the Lights and Shadows of a Factory Village
.
Lowell, Mass.
:
Vox Populi
,
1849
.
The Aristocrat and Trades Union Advocate: A Colloquial Poem, by a Working Woman of Boston
.
Boston
:
Leonard W. Kimball
,
1834
.
Armstrong
,
Nancy
.
Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Armstrong
,
Nancy
, and
Tennenhouse
Lennard
. “
Gender and the Work of Words
.”
Cultural Critique
13
(
1989
):
229
81
.
Arrom
,
Sylvia M.
The Women of Mexico City, 1790–1857
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1985
.
Arthur
,
T[imothy] S[hay]
.
The Seamstress: A Tale of the Times
.
Philadelphia
:
R. G. Berford
,
1843
.
Bailey
,
Ronald
. “
‘Those Valuable People, the Africans.’
” In
The Meaning of Slavery in the North
, ed.
Roediger
David
and
Blatt
Martin
.
New York
:
Garland
,
1998
.
3
31
.
Balibar
,
Etienne
, and
Wallerstein
Immanuel
.
Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities
.
New York
:
Verso
,
1991
.
Bauer
,
Dale M.
Sex Expression and American Women Writers, 1860–1940
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2009
.
Baym
,
Nina
.
Woman’s Fiction: A Guide to Novels by and about Women in America, 1820–70
.
2nd
edition.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
Beebe
,
Rose Marie
, and
Senkewiecz
Robert M.
, eds. and trans.
Testimonios: Early California through the Eyes of Women, 1815–1848
.
Berkeley
:
Heyday Books
,
2007
.
Beecher
,
Catharine
, and
Stowe
Harriet Beecher
.
The American Woman’s Home
.
New York
:
J. B. Ford
,
1869
.
Berg
,
Barbara J.
The Remembered Gate: Origins of American Feminism. The Woman and the City, 1800–1860
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1978
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
.
Anatomy of National Fantasy: Hawthorne, Utopia, and Everyday Life
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Berman
,
Marshall
.
All That Is Solid Melts into Air: The Experience of Modernity
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1982
.
Bernstein
,
Robin
.
Racial Innocence: Performing American Childhood from Slavery to Civil Rights
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2011
.
Bernstein
,
Susan David
. “
Dirty Reading: Sensation Fiction, Women, and Primitivism
.”
Criticism
36
.
2
(
1994
):
213
41
.
Bettie
,
Julie
.
Women without Class: Girls, Race, and Identity
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Blackmar
,
Elizabeth
.
Manhattan for Rent: Housing and Property Relations in New York City
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1989
.
Blewett
,
Mary H.
Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in Nineteenth-Century New England
.
Amherst
:
University of Massachusetts Press
,
2000
.
Blewett
,
Mary H.
Men, Women, and Work: Class, Gender, and Protest in the New England Shoe Industry, 1790–1910
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1990
.
Boris
,
Eileen
, and
Daniels
Cynthia R.
.
Homework: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Paid Labor at Home
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1989
.
Boston
,
Ray
.
British Chartists in America
.
Manchester, England
:
Manchester University Press
,
1971
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste
. Trans.
Nice
Richard
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1984
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
Outline of a Theory of Practice
. Trans.
Nice
Richard
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1977
.
Boydston
,
Jeanne
.
Home and Work: Housework, Wages, and the Ideology of Labor in the Early Republic
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1990
.
Boyer
,
Paul
.
Urban Masses and Moral Order in America, 1820–1920
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1978
.
Brace
,
Charles Loring
.
The Dangerous Classes of New York, and Twenty Years’ Work among Them
.
New York
:
Wynkoop and Hallenbeck
,
1872
.
Bradbury
,
Osgood
.
Emily, the Beautiful Seamstress; or the Danger of the First Step
.
Boston
:
G. H. Williams
,
1853
.
Bradbury
,
Osgood
.
The Mysteries of Lowell
.
Boston
:
E. P. Williams
,
1844
.
Brisbane
,
Albert
. “
On Association and Attractive Industry
.”
United States Magazine and Democratic Review
10
(
1842
):
560
80
.
Brodhead
,
Richard H.
Cultures of Letters: Scenes of Reading and Writing in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1993
.
Bromell
,
Nicholas K.
By the Sweat of the Brow: Literature and Labor in Antebellum America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1993
.
Bronstein
,
Jamie L.
Land Reform and Working-Class Experience in Britain and the United States
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1999
.
Brooks
,
Daphne
.
Bodies in Dissent: Spectacular Performances of Race and Freedom, 1850–1910
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Brooks
,
Peter
.
The Melodramatic Imagination: Balzac, Henry James, Melodrama, and the Mode of Excess
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1995
.
Brooks
,
Peter
.
Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1985
.
Brown
,
Thomas Allston
.
History of the New York Stage: From the First Performance in 1732 to 1901
.
New York
:
Dodd, Mead
,
1903
.
Brownson
,
Orestes
.
Defense of the Article on the Laboring Classes
.
Boston
:
William H. Greene
,
1840
.
Brownson
,
Orestes
.
The Laboring Classes
.
New York
:
Elton’s
,
1840
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
.
The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1989
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
. “
The Flaneur, the Sandwichman, and the Whore: The Politics of Loitering
.”
New German Critique
39
(
1986
):
99
140
.
Buckley
,
Peter George
. “
To the Opera House: Culture and Society in New York City, 1820–1860
.”
PhD dissertation
,
SUNY Stony Brook
,
1984
.
Burdett
,
Charles
.
Chances and Changes; or Life as It Is. Illustrated in the History of a Straw Hat
.
New York
:
Appleton
,
1845
.
Burdett
,
Charles
.
The Elliott Family; or, the Trials of New-York Seamstresses
.
New York
:
Baker and Scribner
,
1850
.
Burn
,
James
.
Three Years among the Working-Classes in the United States during the War
.
London
:
Smith, Elder
,
1865
.
Burnett
,
John
,
Mayall
David
, and
Vincent
David
.
The Autobiography of the Working Class: An Annotated, Critical Bibliography
. Vol.
1
.
Brighton, England
:
Harvester
,
1984
.
Burnett
,
John
,
Mayall
David
, and
Vincent
David
.
The Autobiography of the Working Class: An Annotated, Critical Bibliography
. Vol.
2
.
Brighton, England
:
Harvester
,
1987
.
Burnett
,
John
,
Mayall
David
, and
Vincent
David
.
The Autobiography of the Working Class: An Annotated, Critical Bibliography
. Vol.
3
.
Brighton, England
:
Harvester
,
1989
.
Cameron
,
Ardis
.
Radicals of the Worst Sort: Laboring Women in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1860–1912
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
Cane
,
Aleta Feinsod
, and
Alves
Susan
, eds.
“The Only Efficient Instrument”:” American Woman Writers and the Periodical, 1837–1916
.
Iowa City
:
University of Iowa Press
,
2001
.
Capetillo
,
Luisa
.
A Nation of Women: An Early Feminist Speaks Out
. Ed.
Rodríguez
Félix V. Matos
. Trans.
West-Durán
Alan
.
Houston
:
Arte Publico
,
2004
.
Carey
,
Matthew
.
Miscellaneous Essays
.
Philadelphia
,
1830
.
Castañeda
,
Antonia
. “
The Political Economy of Nineteenth Century Stereotypes of Californianas
.” In
Between Borders: Essays on Mexicana/Chicana History
, ed.
Del Castillo
A. R.
.
Encino, Calif.
:
Floricanto Press
,
1990
.
213
36
.
Castronovo
,
Russ
.
Fathering the Nation: American Genealogies of Slavery and Freedom
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Chávez-García
,
Miroslava
.
Negotiating Conquest: Gender and Power in California, 1770s to 1880s
.
Tucson
:
University of Arizona Press
,
2004
.
Clark
,
Anna
.
The Struggle for the Breeches: Gender and the Making of the British Working Class
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Claybaugh
,
Amanda
.
The Novel of Purpose: Literature and Social Reform in the Anglo-American World
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2007
.
Cobble
,
Dorothy Sue
.
The Other Women’s Movement: Workplace Justice and Social Rights in Modern America
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2005
.
Cody
,
Lisa
. “
The Politics of Illegitimacy in an Age of Reform: Women, Reproduction, and Political Economy in England’s New Poor Law of 1834
.”
Journal of Women’s History
11
.
4
(
2000
):
131
56
.
Coffin
,
Judith G.
The Politics of Women’s Work: The Paris Garment Trades, 1750–1915
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1996
.
Cohen
,
Patricia Cline
.
The Murder of Helen Jewett
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1998
.
Cohen
,
Patricia Cline
,
Gilfoyle
Timothy J.
, and
Horowitz
Helen Lefkowitz
, eds.
The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2008
.
Collins
,
Jennie
.
Nature’s Aristocracy: A Plea for the Oppressed
. Ed.
Ranta
Judith
.
Lincoln
:
University of Nebraska Press
,
2010
.
Cook
,
Sylvia Jenkins
.
Working Women, Literary Ladies: The Industrial Revolution and Female Aspiration
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2008
.
Cott
,
Nancy
. “
Divorce and the Changing Status of Women in Eighteenth Century Massachusetts
.”
William and Mary Quarterly
, 3rd series,
33
(
1976
):
586
614
.
Crane
,
Stephen
.
Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, and Other Tales of New York
. Ed.
Ziff
Larzer
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
2000
.
Cvetkovich
,
Ann
.
Mixed Feelings: Feminism, Mass Culture, and Victorian Sensationalism
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1992
.
Dana
,
Richard Henry
.
Two Years before the Mast
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1981
.
Davidoff
,
Leonore
.
Worlds Between: Historical Perspectives on Gender and Class
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
Davis
,
Mike
.
City of Quartz: Excavating the Future of Los Angeles
.
New York
:
Haymarket
,
1998
.
Defoe
,
Daniel
.
Moll Flanders
. Ed.
Mitchell
Juliet
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1987
.
Denning
,
Michael
. “
Beggars and Thieves: The Ideology of the Gang
.”
Literature and History
8
.
1
(
1982
):
41
55
.
Denning
,
Michael
.
Mechanic Accents: Dime Novels and Working-Class Culture in America
.
London
:
Verso
,
1987
.
Dickens
,
Charles
.
American Notes for General Circulation
.
Boston
:
Ticknor and Fields
,
1867
.
Dobson
,
Joanne
.
Introduction to The Hidden Hand
. Ed.
Dobson
Joanne
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1988
.
Dorsey
,
Bruce
.
Reforming Men and Women: Gender in the Antebellum City
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2006
.
Douglass
,
Frederick
.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave
. Ed.
Dworkin
Ira
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
2014
.
Doyle
,
Jennifer
.
Sex Objects: Art and the Dialectics of Desire
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2006
.
Dreiser
,
Theodore
.
Sister Carrie
.
Introduction by Alfred Kazin
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1981
.
Dublin
,
Thomas
, ed.
Farm to Factory: Women’s Letters, 1830–1860
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1993
.
Dublin
,
Thomas
.
Women at Work: The Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826–1860
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1979
.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B.
The Philadelphia Negro
.
Millwood, N.Y.
,
1899
.
Dudden
,
Faye E.
Serving Women: Household Service in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Middletown, Conn.
:
Wesleyan University Press
,
1983
.
Duffy
,
Daniel
. “
Heroic Mothers and Militant Lovers: Representations of Lower-Class Women in Melodramas of the 1830s and 40s
.”
Nineteenth Century Theatre
27
(
1999
):
41
65
.
Dugaw
,
Dianne
.
Warrior Women and Popular Balladry, 1650–1850
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1989
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
.
The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
2003
.
Dzwonkoski
,
Peter
.
American Literary Publishing Houses, 1638–1899
. Parts
1 and 2
.
Detroit
:
Gale Research
,
1986
.
Eagleton
,
Terry
.
The Rape of Clarissa
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1982
.
Eakin
,
Paul John
, ed.
American Autobiography: Retrospect and Prospect
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1991
.
Edelstein
,
T. J.
They Sang ‘The Song of the Shirt’: The Visual Iconology of the Seamstress
.”
Victorian Studies
23
.
2
(
1980
):
183
210
.
Egan
,
Ken Jr
.
The Riven Home: Narrative Rivalry in the American Renaissance
.
Cranbury, N.J.
:
Associated University Presses
,
1997
.
Ehrenreich
,
Barbara
.
The Hearts of Men: American Dreams and the Flight from Commitment
.
New York
:
Knopf
,
2011
.
Eisler
,
Benita
, ed.
The Lowell Offering: Writings by New England Mill Women, 1840–1845
.
Philadelphia
:
Lippincott
,
1977
.
Ellen Merton, the Belle of Lowell: Or, the Confessions of the “G.F.K.” Club
.
Boston
:
Brainard
,
1844
.
Ellis
,
Jacqueline
.
Silent Witnesses: Representations of Working-Class Women in the United States
.
Bowling Green, Ohio
:
Popular Press
,
1998
.
Engels
,
Frederick
.
The Condition of the Working Class in England
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1958
.
Enstad
,
Nan
.
Ladies of Labor, Girls of Adventure: Working Women, Popular Culture, and Labor Politics at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1999
.
Epstein
,
James
.
Radical Expression: Political Language, Ritual, and Symbol in England, 1790–1850
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Ernest
,
John
. “
Economies of Identity: Harriet E. Wilson’s Our Nig
.”
PMLA
109
.
3
(
1994
):
424
38
.
Fabian
,
Ann
.
The Unvarnished Truth: Personal Narratives in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
The Factory Girl
.
By a Friend. Pamphlet. Providence, R.I.
,
1854
.
Fanuzzi
,
Robert
.
Abolition’s Public Sphere
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2003
.
Farnham
,
Eliza W.
California, In-Doors and Out
.
New York
,
1846
.
Federici
,
Silvia
.
Caliban and the Witch: Women, the Body, and Primitive Accumulation
.
Brooklyn
:
Autonomedia
,
2004
.
Fernandez
,
Jean
.
Victorian Servants, Class, and the Politics of Literacy
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2009
.
Flora Montgomerie, the Factory Girl: Tale of the Lowell Factories
.
New York
,
1856
.
Folbre
,
Nancy
.
Greed, Lust and Gender: A History of Economic Ideas
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
2009
.
Folbre
,
Nancy
. “
The Unproductive Housewife: Her Evolution in Nineteenth Century Economic Thought
.”
Signs
16
(
1991
):
463
84
.
Foley
,
Neil
.
The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1997
.
Foner
,
Philip S.
The Factory Girls
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1977
.
Foner
,
Philip S.
Women and the American Labor Movement: From the First Trade Unions to the Present
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1979
.
Foreman
,
P. Gabrielle
.
Introduction to Our Nig; Or, Sketches from the Life of a Free Black in a Two-Story White House, North, by Harriet E. Wilson
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
2011
.
Foreman
,
P. Gabrielle
. “
Recovered Autobiographies and the Marketplace: Our Nig’s Generic Genealogies and Harriet Wilson’s Entrepreneurial Enterprise
.” In
Harriet Wilson’s New England: Race, Writing, and Religion
, ed.
Boggis
JerriAnne
,
Raimon
Eva
, and
White
Barbara
.
Hanover, N.H.
:
University Press of New England
,
2007
.
123
38
.
Foster
,
George G.
New York by Gas-Light and Other Urban Sketches
. Ed. and introduction by
Blumin
Stuart M.
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1990
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
The History of Sexuality. Vol. 1: An Introduction
. Trans.
Hurley
Robert
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1980
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
Fortunes of Feminism: From State-Managed Capitalism to Neoliberal Crisis
.
London
:
Verso
,
2013
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocial” Condition
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
, and
Gordon
Linda
. “
Contract versus Charity: Why Is There No Social Citizenship in the United States?
Socialist Review
22
.
3
(
1992
):
45
65
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
, and
Gordon
Linda
. “
A Genealogy of ‘Dependency’: Tracing a Keyword of the U. S. Welfare State
.” In
Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocialist” Condition
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
121
49
.
Freedgood
,
Elaine
. “
What Objects Know
.”
Journal of Victorian Culture
15
.
1
(
2010
):
83
100
.
Freedman
,
Estelle
.
Their Sisters’ Keepers: Women’s Prison Reform in America, 1830–1930
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
1981
.
Fuller
,
Margaret
.
Woman in the Nineteenth Century
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1970
.
Gallagher
,
Catherine
.
The Industrial Reformation of English Fiction
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1985
.
Gamber
,
Wendy
.
The Female Economy: The Millinery and Dressmaking Trades, 1860–1930
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1997
.
Gilfoyle
,
Timothy J.
City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790–1920
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1992
.
Gilje
,
Paul
, and
Rock
Howard
, eds.
Keepers of the Revolution: New Yorkers at Work in the Early Republic
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1992
.
Gilmore
,
Michael T.
Hawthorne and the Making of the Middle Class
.” In
Rethinking Class: Literary Studies and Social Formations
, ed.
Dimock
Wai-Chee
and
Gilmore
Michael T.
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
215
38
.
Ginzberg
,
Lori D.
Women and the Work of Benevolence: Morality, Politics, and Class in the Nineteenth Century United States
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1990
.
Glickman
,
Lawrence B.
Buying Power: A History of Consumer Action in America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2009
.
Graver
,
Elizabeth
.
Unravelling
.
New York
:
Hyperion
,
1997
.
Gray
,
Robert
. “
The Languages of Factory Reform in Britain, 1830–60
.” In
The Historical Meanings of Work
, ed.
Joyce
Patrick
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1989
.
143
79
.
Green
,
Venus
.
Race on the Line: Gender, Labor, and Technology in the Bell System, 1880–1980
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Greenberg
,
Amy S.
Manifest Manhood and the Antebellum American Empire
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2005
.
Greenberg
,
Joshua
.
Advocating the Man: Masculinity, Organized Labor, and the Household in New York, 1800–1840
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2006
.
Greer
,
Jane
. “
‘Some of the Stories Are like My Life, I Guess’: Working-Class Women Readers and Confessional Magazines
.” In
Reading Sites: Social Differences and Reader Response
, ed.
Schweickart
Patrocinio
and
Flynn
Elizabeth
.
New York
:
MLA Press
,
2004
.
135
64
.
Grimsted
,
David
.
Melodrama Unveiled: American Theater and Culture, 1800–1850
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1988
.
Griswold del Castillo
,
Richard
.
The Los Angeles Barrio, 1850–1890: A Social History
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1982
.
Grossberg
,
Michael
.
Governing the Hearth: Law and the Family in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1985
.
Guarneri
,
Carl J.
The Utopian Alternative: Fourierism in Nineteenth-Century America
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1991
.
Guerin
,
Elsa Jane
.
Mountain Charley; Or the Adventures of Mrs. E. J. Guerin, Who Was Thirteen Years in Male Attire
.
Dubuque, Iowa
,
1861
.
Gutiérrez-Jones
,
Carl Scott
.
Rethinking the Borderlands: Between Chicano Culture and Legal Discourse
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Gutman
,
Herbert G.
Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1976
.
Haag
,
Pamela
.
Consent: Sexual Rights and the Transformation of American Liberalism
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Haas
,
Lisbeth
.
Conquests and Historical Identities in California, 1769–1936
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1995
.
Habegger
,
Alfred
. “
A Well Hidden Hand
.”
NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction
14
.
3
(
1981
):
197
212
.
Hale
,
Edward Everett
. “
American Literature
.” In
The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge
. Vol.
1
.
New York
:
Encyclopedia Americana
,
1918
.
528
36
.
Hall
,
Stuart
. “
Notes on Deconstructing ‘the Popular.’
” In
People’s History and Socialist Theory
, ed.
Samuel
Raphael
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
,
1981
.
227
39
.
Halliday
,
Samuel B.
Lost and Found; or, Life among the Poor
.
New York
,
1860
.
Hamilton
,
Kristie
.
America’s Sketchbook: The Cultural History of a Nineteenth-Century Literary Genre
.
Athens
:
Ohio University Press
,
1998
.
Hansen
,
Miriam
.
Babel and Babylon
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Harris
,
Trudier
.
From Mammies to Militants: Domestics in Black American Literature
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1982
.
Hart
,
James D.
The Popular Book: A History of America’s Literary Taste
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1961
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
.
Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Harvey
,
David
.
Spaces of Hope
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2000
.
Hawthorne
,
Nathaniel
.
The House of the Seven Gables
. Ed.
Gross
Seymour L.
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1967
.
Hayden
,
Delores
.
Grand Domestic Revolution
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1982
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1996
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
Bandits
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1981
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric
.
Industry and Empire: From 1750 to the Present Day
.
Harmondsworth, England
:
Penguin
,
1969
.
Hobson
,
Barbara
.
Uneasy Virtue: The Politics of Prostitution and the American Reform Tradition
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1987
.
Hodes
,
Martha
. “
The Mercurial Nature and Abiding Power of Race
.”
American Historical Review
108
.
1
(
2003
):
84
118
.
Hodes
,
Martha
.
The Sea Captain’s Wife: A True Story of Love, Race, and War in the Nineteenth Century
.
New York
:
Norton
,
2006
.
Hodes
,
Martha
.
White Women, Black Men: Illicit Sex in the Nineteenth Century South
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1997
.
Horton
,
James Oliver
.
Free People of Color: Inside the African American Community
.
Washington, D.C.
:
Smithsonian Press
,
1993
.
Hurtado
,
Albert L.
Intimate Frontiers: Sex, Gender, and Culture in Old California
.
Albuquerque
:
University of New Mexico Press
,
1999
.
Huyssen
,
Andreas
. “
Mass Culture as Woman: Modernism’s Other
.” In
Studies in Entertainment: Critical Approaches to Mass Culture
, ed.
Modleski
Tania
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1986
.
188
208
.
Ingraham
,
Joseph Holt
.
Frank Rivers, or, the Dangers of the Town
.
Boston
:
E. P. Williams
,
1843
.
Isenberg
,
Nancy
.
Sex and Citizenship in Antebellum America
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1999
.
The Jacksonians on the Poor: Collected Pamphlets
.
New York
:
Arno Press
,
1971
.
Jacobs
,
Harriet
.
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Written by Herself
.
Introduction by Jean Fagan Yellin
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1987
.
Jameson
,
Fredric
.
The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1981
.
Jameson
,
Fredric
. “
Reification and Utopia in Mass Culture
.”
Social Text
1
(
1979
):
130
48
.
Johnson
,
Paul
.
A Shopkeeper’s Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815–1837
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1978
.
Johnson
,
Susan Lee
.
Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush
.
New York
:
Norton
,
2001
.
Jones
,
Gareth Stedman
.
Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1832–1982
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1996
.
Jones
,
Jacqueline
.
Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family, from Slavery to the Present
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1995
.
Jordanova
,
Ludmilla
.
Images of Gender in Science and Medicine between the Eighteenth and Twentieth Centuries
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1989
.
Kaplan
,
Cora
. “
Pandora’s Box: Subjectivity, Class and Sexuality in Socialist Feminist Criticism
.” In
Sea Changes: Essays in Culture and Feminism
.
London
:
Verso
,
1986
.
147
76
.
Kasson
,
John F.
Civilizing the Machine: Technology and Republican Values in America, 1776–1900
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1977
.
Katz
,
Jonathan
.
Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
,
1976
.
Katzman
,
David M.
Seven Days a Week: Women and Domestic Service in Industrializing America
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1981
.
Kelley
,
Mary
.
Learning to Stand and Speak: Women, Education, and Public Life in America’s Republic
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Kelley
,
Robin D. G.
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1994
.
Kent
,
Kathryn R.
Making Girls into Women: American Women’s Writing and the Rise of Lesbian Identity
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Kessler-Harris
Alice
. “
The Just Price, the Free Market, and the Value of Women
.” In
Women, Class, and the Feminist Imagination: A Socialist-Feminist Reader
, ed.
Hansen
Karen V.
and
Philipson
Ilene J.
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1990
.
476
90
.
Kessler-Harris
Alice
.
Out to Work: A History of Wage Earning in the United States
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1982
.
Kessler-Harris
Alice
.
A Woman’s Wage: Historical Meanings and Social Consequences
.
Lexington
:
University of Kentucky Press
,
1990
.
Kester
,
Grant
. “
‘Out of Sight Is Out of Mind’: The Imaginary Space of Postindustrial Culture
.”
Social Text
35
(
1993
):
72
92
.
Laclau
,
Ernesto
, and
Mouffe
Chantal
.
Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics
.
New York
:
Verso
,
1990
.
Langbauer
,
Laurie
.
Novels of Everyday Life: The Series in English Fiction, 1850–1930
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Langland
,
Elizabeth
.
Nobody’s Angels: Middle-Class Women and Domestic Ideology in Victorian Culture
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1995
.
Larcom
,
Lucy
.
A New England Girlhood
.
New York
:
Houghton Mifflin
,
1889
.
Laurie
,
Bruce
.
Working People of Philadelphia, 1800–1850
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1980
.
Lawson
,
Andrew
.
Walt Whitman and the Class Struggle
.
Iowa City
:
University of Iowa Press
,
2006
.
Lebergott
,
Stanley
.
The Americans: An Economic Record
.
New York
:
Norton
,
1984
.
Lehuu
,
Isabelle
.
Carnival on the Page: Popular Print Media in Antebellum America
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2000
.
Le Sueur
,
Meridel
.
The Girl
.
Introduction by Linda Ray Pratt
.
Albuquerque, N.M.
:
West End Press
,
2006
.
Le Sueur
,
Meridel
. “
Women on the Breadlines
.” In
Harvest Song: Collected Essays and Stories
.
Albuquerque, N.M.
:
West End Press
,
1990
.
166
71
.
Leverenz
,
David
.
Paternalism Incorporated: Fables of American Fatherhood
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2004
.
Levine
,
Lawrence W.
Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America
.
New York
:
Harvard University Press
,
1988
.
Levy
,
Anita
.
Other Women: The Writing of Class, Race, and Gender, 1832–1898
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1991
.
Lhamon
,
W. T.
Raising Cain: Blackface Performance from Jim Crow to Hip Hop
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1998
.
Libbey
,
Laura Jean
.
Willful Gaynell, or, The Little Beauty of the Passaic Cotton Mills
.
New York
:
N. L. Munro
,
1890
.
Libretti
,
Tim
. “
What a Dirty Way to Get Clean: The Grotesque in the Modern American Novel
.” In
Literature and the Grotesque
, ed.
Meyer
Michael J.
.
Atlanta, Ga.
:
Rodopi
,
1995
.
171
90
.
Limón
,
José E.
American Encounters: Greater Mexico, the United States, and the Erotics of Culture
.
Boston
:
Beacon
,
1999
.
Linebaugh
,
Peter
.
The London Hanged: Crime and Civil Society in the Eighteenth Century
.
London
:
Verso
,
2003
.
Lobdell
,
Lucy Ann
.
The Female Hunter of Delaware and Sullivan Counties, N.Y
.
New York
,
1855
.
Looby
,
Christopher
. “
Southworth and Seriality: The Hidden Hand in the New York Ledger
.”
Nineteenth Century Literature
59
(
2004
):
179
211
.
Lott
,
Eric
.
Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Lown
,
Judy
.
Women and Industrialization: Gender at Work in Nineteenth-Century England
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1990
.
Luther
,
Seth
.
Address to the Working-Men of New England on the State of Education and on the Condition of the Producing Classes in Europe and America
.
New York
,
1833
.
Lyons
,
Clare
.
Sex among the Rabble: An Intimate History of Gender and Power in the Age of Revolution. Philadelphia, 1730–1830
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Mansel
,
Henry
. “
Sensation Novels
.”
Quarterly Review
113
(
1863
):
481
514
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Capital
. Vol.
1
. Trans.
Fowkes
Ben
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1977
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
. Ed.
Struik
D. J.
.
New York
:
International
,
1964
.
Mary Bean: The Factory Girl
.
Boston
:
Hotchkiss
,
1850
.
McClintock
,
Anne M.
Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
McConachie
,
Bruce A.
Melodramatic Formations: American Theater and Society, 1820–1870
.
Iowa City
:
University of Iowa Press
,
1992
.
McGill
,
Meredith L.
American Literature and the Culture of Reprinting, 1837–1853
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
2003
.
Meisel
,
Martin
.
Realizations: Narrative, Pictorial, and Theatrical Arts in Nineteenth-Century England
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1983
.
Melendez
,
A. Gabriel
.
Spanish-Language Newspapers in New Mexico, 1834–1958
.
Tucson
:
University of Arizona Press
,
2005
.
Melville
,
Herman
. “
The Paradise of Bachelors and the Tartarus of Maids
.” In
The Piazza Tales and Other Prose Pieces, 1839–1860
.
Chicago
:
Northwestern University Press
,
1987
.
316
35
.
Merish
,
Lori
. “
Materializing Identification: Theorizing Class Identification in Nineteenth-Century Literary Texts
.” In
Class and the Making of American Literature: Created Unequal
, ed.
Lawson
Andrew
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2014
.
94
112
.
Merish
,
Lori
.
Sentimental Materialism: Gender, Commodity Culture, and Nineteenth Century American Literature
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Merish
,
Lori
. “
Story Paper Weeklies, 1830–1920
.” In
U.S. Popular Print Culture, 1860–1920
, ed.
Bold
Christine
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2012
.
43
62
.
Michaels
,
Walter Benn
.
The Gold Standard and the Logic of Naturalism: American Literature at the Turn of the Century
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1987
.
Miles
,
Henry A.
Lowell: As It Was, and As It Is
.
Lowell, Mass.
,
1845
.
Miller
,
Nancy K.
Emphasis Added: Plots and Plausibilities in Women’s Fiction
.”
PMLA
96
.
1
(
1981
):
36
48
.
Mitchell
,
Sally
.
The Fallen Angel: Chastity, Class, and Women’s Reading, 1835–1880
.
Bowling Green
:
Bowling Green University Press
,
1981
.
Mitchell
,
Sally
. “
Reading Class
.”
Victorian Literature and Culture
33
.
1
(
2005
):
331
39
.
Montejano
,
David
.
Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
2010
.
Montgomery
,
David
.
Citizen Worker
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Montgomery
,
David
. “
Wage Labor, Bondage, and Citizenship in Nineteenth-Century America
.”
International Labor and Working-Class History
48
(
1995
):
6
27
.
Moran
,
William
.
The Belles of New England: The Women of the Textile Mills and the Families Whose Wealth They Wove
.
New York
:
Macmillan
,
2007
.
Moretti
,
Franco
.
Signs Taken for Wonders
. Trans.
Fischer
Susan
et al. 
.
New York
:
Verso
,
1997
.
Mort
,
Frank
.
Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-Moral Politics in England since 1830
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1987
.
Mullen
,
Harryette
. “
Runaway Tongue: Resistant Orality in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Our Nig, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, and Beloved
.” In
The Culture of Sentiment: Race, Gender and Sentimentality in Nineteenth Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1992
.
244
64
.
Murphy
,
Teresa Anne
. “
Sarah Bagley: Laboring for Life
.” In
The Human Tradition in American Labor History
, ed.
Arnesan
Eric
.
Wilmington, Del.
:
Scholarly Resources
,
2004
.
31
45
.
Murphy
,
Teresa Anne
.
Ten Hours’ Labor: Religion, Reform, and Gender in Early New England
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1992
.
Murray
Aífe
.
Maid as Muse: How Servants Changed Emily Dickinson’s Life and Language
.
Durham
:
University of New Hampshire Press
,
2010
.
Naranjo-Huebl
Linda
. “
The Road to Perdition: E. D. E. N. Southworth and the Critics
.”
American Periodicals
16
.
2
(
2006
):
123
50
.
Nathans
,
Heather S.
‘A Course of Learning and Ingenious Studies
.’” In
Shakespearean Educations: Power, Citizenship, and Performance
, ed.
Kahn
Coppélia
,
Nathans
Heather S.
, and
Godfrey
Mimi
.
Newark
:
University of Delaware Press
,
2011
.
54
70
.
Nead
,
Lynda
.
Myths of Sexuality: Representations of Women in Victorian Britain
.
London
:
Blackwell
,
1988
.
Negt
,
Oskar
, and
Kluge
Alexander
.
Public Sphere and Experience: Analysis of the Bourgeois and Proletarian Public Sphere
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1993
.
Newberry
,
Michael
.
Figuring Authorship in Antebellum America
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1997
.
Newman
,
Simon
.
Embodied History: The Lives of the Poor in Early Philadelphia
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
2000
.
Noel
,
Mary
.
Villains Galore: The Heyday of the Popular Story Weekly
.
New York
:
Macmillan
,
1954
.
Orleck
,
Annelise
.
Common Sense and a Little Fire: Women and Working-Class Politics in the United States, 1900–1965
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2000
.
O’Sullivan
,
John L.
Occupation of Mexico
.”
Democratic Review
21
(
1847
):
381
90
.
Padilla
,
Genaro
.
My History, Not Yours: The Formation of Mexican American Autobiography
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
,
1993
.
Painter
,
Nell Irvin
.
Introduction to Narrative of Sojourner Truth by Sojourner Truth
. Ed.
Painter
Nell Irvin
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1998
.
Parton
,
Sara [Fanny Fern]
.
Ruth Hall and Other Stories
. Ed.
Warren
Joyce W.
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1990
.
Peiss
,
Kathy
.
Cheap Amusements: Working Women and Leisure in Turn-of-the-Century New York
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1986
.
Pérez
,
Emma
.
The Decolonial Imaginary: Writing Chicanas into History
.
Urbana
:
Indiana University Press
,
1999
.
Pérez
,
Emma
. “
‘She Has Served Others in More Intimate Ways’: The Domestic Service Reform in Yucatan, 1915–1918
.”
Las Obreras: Chicana Politics of Work and Family
.
Los Angeles
:
UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Publications
,
2000
.
41
64
.
Perry
,
Claire
.
Pacific Arcadia: Images of California, 1600–1915
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Pessen
,
Edward
.
Most Uncommon Jacksonians: Radical Leaders of the Early Labor Movement
.
Albany
:
SUNY Press
,
1967
.
Pfister
,
Joel
.
The Production of Personal Life: Class, Gender, and the Psychological in Hawthorne’s Fiction
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
,
1991
.
Phelps
,
Elizabeth Stuart
.
The Silent Partner and the Tenth of January
.
New York
:
Feminist Press
,
1983
.
Pierson
,
Michael D.
Free Hearts and Free Homes: Gender and American Antislavery Politics
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2003
.
Pitti
,
Stephen J.
The Devil in Silicon Valley: Northern California, Race, and Mexican Americans
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2003
.
Poovey
,
Mary
. “
Ideology and The Mysteries of Udolpho
.”
Criticism
21
:
4
(
1979
):
307
30
.
Poovey
,
Mary
.
Making a Social Body: British Cultural Formation, 1830–1864
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1995
.
Poovey
,
Mary
.
Uneven Developments: The Ideological Work of Gender in Mid-Victorian England
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1988
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
Proletarian Nights: The Workers’ Dream in Nineteenth Century France
. Trans.
Drury
John
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2012
.
Ranta
,
Judith A.
Women and Children of the Mills: An Annotated Guide to Nineteenth-Century American Textile Factory Literature
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood
,
1999
.
Rebhorn
,
Matthew
.
Pioneer Performances: Staging the Frontier
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2012
.
Reed
,
Peter P.
Rogue Performances: Staging the Underclasses in Early American Theatre Culture
.
London
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2009
.
Reyes
,
Bárbara O.
Private Women, Public Lives: Gender and the Missions of the Californias
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
2009
.
Reynolds
,
David S.
Beneath the American Renaissance: The Subversive Imagination in the Age of Emerson and Melville
.
New York
:
Knopf
,
1988
.
Richmond
,
Vivienne
.
Clothing the Poor in Nineteenth Century England
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2013
.
Roach
,
Joseph
.
Cities of the Dead: Circum-Atlantic Performance
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1996
.
Roach
,
Joseph
. “
Slave Spectacles and Tragic Octoroons: A Cultural Genealogy of Antebellum Performance
.”
Theatre Survey
33
(
1992
):
167
87
.
Robbins
,
Bruce
.
Feeling Global: Internationalism in Distress
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
1999
.
Robbins
,
Bruce
.
The Servant’s Hand: English Fiction from Below
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1986
.
Robbins
,
Bruce
.
Upward Mobility and the Common Good: Toward a Literary History of the Welfare State
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2007
.
Robbins
,
Sarah
.
Managing Literacy, Mothering America: Women’s Narratives on Reading and Writing in the Nineteenth Century
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
2004
.
Robinson
,
Alfred
.
Life in California: During a Residence of Several Years in That Territory
.
New York
:
Putnam
,
1846
.
Robinson
,
Harriet H.
Loom and Spindle; Or, Life among the Early Mill Girls
.
Boston
,
1898
.
Roediger
,
David R.
Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class
.
London
:
Verso
,
1991
.
Rogers
,
Helen
.
Women and the People: Authority, Authorship and the Radical Tradition in Nineteenth-Century England
.
Brookfield, Vt.
:
Ashgate
,
2000
.
Romero
,
Mary
.
Maid in the USA
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Romolov
,
Nancy Tillman
. “
Unearthing the Historical Reader, or; Reading Girls’ Reading
.” In
Pioneers, Passionate Ladies, and Private Eyes: Dime Novels, Series Books, and Paperbacks
, ed.
Sullivan
Larry E.
and
Schurman
Lydia Cushman
.
New York
:
Haworth Press
,
1996
.
87
102
.
Roof
,
Judith
.
Come as You Are: Sexuality and Narrative
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1996
.
Rose
,
Jonathan
.
The Intellectual Life of the British Working Class
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
2003
.
Rose
,
Sonya O.
Class Formation and the Quintessential Worker
.” In
Reworking Class
, ed.
Hall
John
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1997
.
133
66
.
Ross
,
Dorothy
.
Love and Toil: Motherhood in Outcast London, 1870–1918
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Rowe
,
Kathleen
.
The Unruly Woman: Gender and the Genres of Laughter
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1995
.
Ruiz de Burton
,
María Amparo
.
The Squatter and the Don
. Ed. and introduction by
Sánchez
Rosaura
and
Pita
Beatrice
.
Houston
:
Arte Público
,
1997
.
Ruiz de Burton
,
María Amparo
.
Who Would Have Thought It?
Ed. and introduction by
Sánchez
Rosaura
and
Pita
Beatrice
.
Houston
:
Arte Público
,
1995
.
Russo
,
Ann
, and
Kramarae
Cheris
, eds.
The Radical Women’s Press of the 1850s
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Ryan
,
Mary P.
Cradle of the Middle Class: The Family in Oneida County, New York, 1790–1830
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1981
.
Ryan
,
Mary P.
Women in Public: Between Banners and Ballots, 1825–1880
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1990
.
Sánchez
,
Rosaura
.
Telling Identities: The Californio Testimonios
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1995
.
Sánchez
,
Rosaura
, and
Pita
Beatrice
.
Conflicts of Interest: The Letters of María Amparo Ruiz de Burton
.
Houston
:
Arte Público
,
2001
.
Sánchez-Eppler
,
Karen
.
Touching Liberty: Abolition, Feminism, and the Politics of the Body
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1993
.
Sanger
,
William
.
History of Prostitution
.
New York
,
1858
.
Santamarina
,
Xiomara
.
Belabored Professions: Narratives of African American Working Womanhood
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Schiller
,
Dan
.
Objectivity and the News: The Public and the Rise of Commercial Journalism
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1981
.
Schreiner
,
Olive
.
From Man to Man, or, Perhaps Only
.
London
:
Virago
,
1982
.
Scott
,
Joan
.
Gender and the Politics of History
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1987
.
Sears
,
C.
All That Glitters: Trans-ing California’s Gold Rush Migrations
.”
GLQ
14
(
2008
):
383
402
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1985
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Epistemology of the Closet
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1990
.
SenGupta
,
Gunja
.
From Slavery to Poverty: The Racial Origins of Welfare in New York, 1840–1918
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Sennett
,
Richard
, and
Cobb
Jonathan
.
The Hidden Injuries of Class
.
New York
:
Knopf
,
1972
.
Shank
,
Barry
.
A Token of My Affections
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2004
.
Shirley
Dame [Mrs. Louise A. K. S. Clappe]
.
The Shirley Letters from California Mines in 1851–52
.
San Francisco
:
Thomas C. Russell
,
1922
.
Siegel
,
Adrienne
.
The Image of the American City in Popular Literature, 1820–1870
.
Port Washington, N.Y.
:
Kennikat Press
,
1981
.
Siegel
,
Reva
. “
Home as Work: The First Women’s Rights Claims Concerning Wives’ Household Labor, 1850–1880
.”
Yale Law Journal
103
(
March
):
1073
1217
.
Singer
,
Ben
.
Melodrama and Modernity: Early Sensational Cinema and Its Contexts
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2001
.
Skidmore
,
Thomas
.
The Rights of Man to Property!
New York
,
1829
.
Slotkin
,
Richard
.
The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier in the Age of Industrialization, 1800–1890
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
,
1998
.
Smith
,
Adam
.
Lectures on Jurisprudence
. Ed.
Meek
R. L.
,
Raphael
D. D.
, and
Stein
P. G.
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1978
.
Smith
,
Barbara Clark
. “
Food Rioters and the American Revolution
.”
William and Mary Quarterly
,
3d Series
,
51
.
1
(
1994
):
3
38
.
Smith
,
Charles
.
Madame Restell: An Account of her Life and Horrible Practices: Together with Prostitution in New-York: Its Extent, Causes, and Effects upon Society
.
New York
:
Charles V. Smith
,
1847
.
Smith
,
Henry Nash
.
Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1950
.
Smith
,
Sidonie
.
A Poetics of Women’s Autobiography: Marginality and the Fictions of Self-Representation
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1987
.
Smith
,
Stacey L.
Freedom’s Frontier: California and the Struggle over Unfree Labor, Emancipation and Reconstruction
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2013
.
Sommer
,
Doris
.
Foundational Fictions: The National Romances of Latin America
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1991
.
Southworth
,
E. D. E. N.
The Hidden Hand
. Ed.
Dobson
Joanne
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1988
.
Southworth
,
E. D. E. N.
Vivia; Or, the Secret of Power
.
New York
:
T. B. Peterson & Brothers
,
1875
.
Spillers
,
Hortense
. “
Mama’s Baby, Papa’s Maybe: An American Grammar Book
.”
diacritics
17
(
1987
):
65
81
.
Stallybrass
,
Peter
, and
White
Allon
.
The Politics and Poetics of Transgression
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1986
.
Stanley
,
Amy Dru
.
From Bondage to Contract: Wage Labor, Marriage, and the Market in the Age of Slave Emancipation
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1998
.
Stanley
,
Liz
, ed.
The Diaries of Hannah Cullwick, Victorian Maidservant
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1984
.
Stansell
,
Christine
.
City of Women: Sex and Class in New York, 1789–1860
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1986
.
Steedman
,
Carolyn
.
Labours Lost: Domestic Service and the Making of Modern England
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2009
.
Steedman
,
Carolyn
.
Landscape for a Good Woman: A Story of Two Lives
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1987
.
Stern
,
Julia
. “
Excavating Genre in Our Nig
.”
American Literature
67
(
1995
):
439
66
.
Stewart
,
Maria W.
Maria W. Stewart, America’s First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches
. Ed.
Richardson
Marilyn
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1987
.
Streeby
,
Shelley
.
American Sensations: Class, Empire, and the Production of Popular Culture
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
Sumner
,
Helen L.
History of Women in Industry in the United States
.
New York
:
Arno Press
,
1974
.
Sweet
,
Timothy
. “
American Pastoralism and the Marketplace: Eighteenth Century Ideologies of Farming
.”
Early American Literature
29
.
1
(
1994
):
59
80
.
Taylor
,
Barbara
.
Eve and the New Jerusalem: Socialism and Feminism in the Nineteenth Century
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Taylor
,
Diana
.
The Archive and the Repertoire: Performing Cultural Memory in the Americas
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Taylor
,
William R.
Cavalier and Yankee: The Old South and American National Character
.
New York
:
George Braziller
,
1961
.
Tebbel
,
John
.
Between Covers: The Rise and Transformation of Book Publishing in America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Thiong’o
,
Ngũgĩ wa
. “
Oral Power and Europhone Glory: Orature, Literature, and Stolen Legacies
.” In
Penpoints, Gunpoints and Dreams
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1998
.
103
28
.
Thompson
,
E. P.
The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century
.”
Past and Present
50
(
1971
):
76
136
.
Thompson
,
E. P.
Patrician Society, Plebian Culture
.”
Journal of Social History
7
.
4
(
1974
):
382
405
.
Thompson
,
E. P.
The Poverty of Theory and Other Essays
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1978
.
Thomsen
,
Dawn Fisk
. “
‘It Is a Pity It Is No Better’: The Story Paper and Its Critics in Nineteenth-Century America
.” In
Scorned Literature: Essays on the History and Criticism of Popular Mass-Produced Fiction in America
, ed.
Schurman
Lydia Cushman
and
Johnson
Deidre
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood
,
2002
.
83
96
.
Tomlins
,
Christopher L.
Law, Labor, and Ideology in the Early American Republic
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Tomlins
,
Christopher L.
Subordination, Authority, Law: Subjects in Labor History
.”
International Labor and Working-Class History
47
(
1995
):
56
90
.
Tonna
,
Charlotte Elizabeth
.
Helen Fleetwood. Vol. 1 of The Works of Charlotte Elizabeth
.
New York
,
1847
.
Torres
,
Lourdes
. “
Violence, Desire, and Transformative Remembering in Emma Pérez’ Gulf Dreams
.” In
Tortilleras: Hispanic and U. S. Latina Lesbian Expression
, ed.
Torres
Lourdes
and
Pertusa
Inmaculada
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2003
.
228
39
.
Trattner
,
Walter I.
From Poor Law to Welfare State: A History of Social Welfare in America
.
6th
edition.
New York
:
Free Press
,
2007
.
Trollope
,
Frances
.
The Adventures of Michael Armstrong, the Factory Boy
.
1840
.
London
,
1888
.
Truth
,
Sojourner
.
Narrative of Sojourner Truth
. Ed.
Painter
Nell Irvin
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1998
.
Tyler
,
M. [artha] W.
A Book without a Title: Or, Thrilling Events in the Life of Mira Dana
.
Boston
,
1855
.
Vapnek
,
Lara
.
Breadwinners: Working Women and Economic Independence, 1856–1920
.
Champaign
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2009
.
Vicinus
,
Martha
. “
‘Helpless and Unbefriended’: Nineteenth-Century Domestic Melodrama
.”
New Literary History
13
(
1971
):
127
43
.
Vicinus
,
Martha
.
The Industrial Muse: A Study of Nineteenth-Century British Working-Class Literature
.
New York
:
Barnes and Noble
,
1974
.
Vincent
,
David
.
Bread, Knowledge and Freedom: A Study of Nineteenth Century Working Class Autobiography
.
London
:
Europa
,
1981
.
Volosinov
,
V. N.
Marxism and the Philosophy of Language
. Trans.
Matejka
Ladislav
and
Titunik
I. R.
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
1986
.
Ware
,
Norman J.
The Industrial Worker, 1840–1860: The Reaction of American Industrial Society to the Advance of the Industrial Revolution
.
Gloucester, Mass.
:
Peter Smith
,
1959
.
Warner
,
Michael
. “
The Mass Public and the Mass Subject
.” In
Habermas and the Public Sphere
, ed.
Calhoun
Craig
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1992
.
377
401
.
Washington
,
Margaret
.
Sojourner Truth’s America
.
Champaign
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2009
.
Weber
,
David J.
Myth and the History of the Hispanic Southwest
.
Albuquerque
:
University of New Mexico Press
,
1988
.
Weld
,
Theodore D.
, ed.
American Slavery as It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses
.
New York
,
1839
.
White
,
Shane
.
Stories of Freedom in Black New York
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2002
.
Wilentz
,
Sean
.
Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1788–1860
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1984
.
Williams
,
Andrea
.
Dividing Lines: Class Anxiety and Postbellum Black Fiction
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
2013
.
Williams
,
Linda
.
Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2001
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
The Country and the City
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1973
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society
.
Revised edition
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1985
.
Williams
,
Raymond
.
Marxism and Literature
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1977
.
Wilson
,
Harriet E.
Our Nig; Or, Sketches in the Life of a Free Black
.
Introduction by Henry Louis Gates, Jr
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1983
.
Yeazell
,
Ruth Bernard
.
Fictions of Modesty: Women and Courtship in the English Novel
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Zakim
,
Michael
.
Ready-Made Democracy: A History of Men’s Dress in the American Republic, 1760–1860
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2003
.
Zboray
,
Ronald
.
A Fictive People: Antebellum Economic Development and the American Reading Public
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Zboray
,
Ronald
, and
Zboray
Mary Saracino
.
Voices without Votes: Women and Politics in Antebellum New England
.
Lebanon, N.H.
:
University Press of New England
,
2010
.
Zlotnick
,
Susan
.
Women, Writing, and the Industrial Revolution
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1998
.
Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal