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Between 1940 and 2010 Lima grew from five hundred thousand to at least 8 million people. Millions of internal migrants arrived, primarily from the Andes, filling the inner-city tenements and building “new towns” on the city’s outskirts, a term that was reinvented every decade or so as the city expanded in every direction. Many in Lima lamented this “invasion,” deepening the romanticized view of the colonial period. While it certainly posed problems in terms of housing, transportation, jobs, and other services, the mass migration also made Lima an even more diverse, eclectic, and somehow inclusive city. These selections capture the multiple perspectives on Lima’s rapid growth. They also cover recent phenomena, such as the violence of the Shining Path in the 1980s and 1990s, the expansion of evangelical churches, and the gastronomic boom that both limeños and visitors enjoy.

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