Degrees of Mixture, Degrees of Freedom: Genomics, Multiculturalism, and Race in Latin America
Gender, Genealogy, and Mestizaje
Chapter 8 turns to the gendered aspect of mestizaje, exploring narratives which describe European men having sex with indigenous and African women. Genomics addresses this with data about mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA, inherited via the material line) and Y-chromosome DNA (inherited by men from their fathers). The data paint a picture in which European men are given sexual agency and assumed to be dominant, while indigenous and African women are seen as passive recipients, and black and indigenous men (and European women) are placed in the background.