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The silent erotic comedy of Johann Schwarzer’s Saturn films (1906–1911) visualized topics such as hypnosis, medical examination, harem scenes, slave markets, and surgery. Each imaginary erotic situation served as a mise-en-scéne for scopic desire and fulfillment. Almost as though hiding in plain sight, Viennese erotic photography and cinema were pertinent to the culture in which Freudian psychoanalysis originated and developed. Protagonists in the early history of psychoanalysis such as Sigmund Freud, Josef Breuer, and Bertha Pappenheim (“Anna O.”) are discussed here with relation to the erotic photography and films of their time.

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